Novel summary

Titanic – James Cameron Love Love doesn’t base on social classes. Rose and Jack come from different social classes but they still fall in love with each other so much. Rose still loves Jack even after his dying, nothing can separate them but deaths. Titanic is called “unable sinking boat”; so it is equipped with very few lifeboats but it falls into the sea at the first trip. Realizing that a ship is coming back to save alive people and Jack is dead already, Rose doesn’t give up. With her own courage, she keeps her promise with Jack, tries to swim to the man with a whistles, blows it and lives.

Presumptuousness If people are too confident and overestimate themselves, they will definitely fail. Courage Courage helps people in many ways and sometimes saves them from deaths.

Social classification

Social classification in The first class on the boat is luxury with the 20th century is such many convenient equipments while the a mess. lower class is hardly even cared. When the Titanic starts to shink, the safe boats are saved for the first class first, then women and children and almost noone in the lower class is saved.

Slumdog Millionaire – Danny Boyle Love When life gets hard, Jamal’s love for Latika hasn’t been things change, true love changed for years. After every trouble and remains the same. hardship they have been through, Jamal still tries to find Latika and he succeeds. Knowledge Knowledge doesn’t come from books and schools only. Sometimes people need luck to do what they want. Every single answer Jamal has comes from his difficult life. And Jamal could not learn from school but the real life has taught him enough. Jamal becomes the winner because he knows every answer luckily. If the organizers had asked anything else, he

Luck

It ís still a chance for a poor person live in the bottom of the society to become a millionaire in one day Conscience helped Salim to realize all the evil thing he has done and with the conscience full of guiltyness he set Latika for free. Pride Pride may mislead people. They can do anything for money . in his proposal. Money Money is not almighty but people can’t do anything without it. always finds difficult to communicate with ordinary people. Mr Darcy. Jamal and Salim spend many years on trains selling goods. he would lose the most important thing in his life – his true love with Elizabeth. A child’s personality is based on how the parents teach him/her. Quality The quality of human is Charlotte. It leads to the utter shamelessness. Mrs. frivolity.would never have been the champion. Darcy is too proud of his status. Conscience is more powerfull than money or fame Conscience Pride and Prejudice – Jane Austen Impression First impression may Mr. decides that because not only she is old and disires to have a normal family.the only thing that can make them survive. foolishness. and immorality of Lydia. marries considered differently Mr Collion right after his propsal. Elizabeth’s best friend. he receives a refusal. instead of saying gently. he talks about the differences of society between him and Elizabeth. If he didn’t change. Therefore. Especially. Family . who has a high pride. picpocketing and sleeping in the luggage area. Charlotte at different time. Chance There are many chances in this world and what people have to do is to catch them. his be wrong and led to family that he couldn’t see the good traits wrong decisions. of Elizabeth because of her social background at first. but also Mr Collion is wealthy. Bennet fails to provide education for their daughters.

having witnessed the . Tenderness Tenderness restricts you to fighting for your life and your love ones’. But when they all overcome these veils. Marianne’s conduct is unguarded and imprudent when she is with John Willoughby. Isabella and Edgar all die. leading to her heartbreak. Marianne gets married to Colonel Brandon and has her blissful matrimony. Edgar openly shows his fear of fighting Heathcliff. which causes Catherine to choose Edgar over Heathcliff. John Dashwood follows the allurement of his selfish and greedy wife to ignore his financial obligations to his father’s second wife and daughters. Darcy on the basis of a poor first impression. Heart-broken Elinor assures Edward’s fiancée that the rumor about her and Edward is untrue Getting over her destroyed first love. Nevertheless. Hindley. Marianne Dashwood overlooks rational senses as well as her sister’s admonishment and acts on her sentimental grounds. Darcy and Elizabeth fall in love. When Heathcliff comes back to Wuthering Heights. Heathcliff can never be happy because his surroundings have become a place full of fear. he carries with him the desire of revenge. while Darcy’s prejudice against Elizabeth’s poor social standing blinds him. However. He has all their properties in his hands. Catherine. hatred and depression. Love Happiness Feminism People can still have happiness if they move on from their unpleasant past Women should be sensible of their surroundings and able to administrate their feelings Wuthering Height – Charlotte Bronte Revenge Revenge does not bring happiness to anyone. He destroys both the Earnshaw and Linton family. Love is irrational and sacrificial. Ethics/ Reliability One easily enacts in wrongdoings when there are pecuniary matters involved. Catherine.Love Love requires changes Elizabeth’s pride makes her misjudge and challenges. Edgar is born and raised a gentleman.

wild child to one of the greatest activists in the world. Courage helped Helen overcame the fear inside herself about her disabilities.A person may possesses hidden virtue although his expression seems to be cruel. she had a lot of vicissitudes in Courage enables us to do unbelievable things. Determination helped Helen face all the difficulties in the early days she met Sullivan and also in her later life. However. He just does not know how to express this love. Only in the end. Heathcliff’s cruelty is merely an expression of his frustrated love for Catherine. in the last minute she succeeded in teaching Helen to spell the word water and many other words and persuaded her father to let her teach Helen. . Thanks to her courage. she was a spoilt and truculent child. And then in her later life. “Heathcliff would as soon lift a finger at you as the king would march his army against a colony of mice. she met with a lot of difficulties because of Helen’s belligerence and her father’s opposition to her way of teaching. Determination makes success. She also did a lot of things for a better life for the disabled and women. She had the courage to learn to read and write at the early age despite her deafness and blindness. she wrote many books about herself and the world. saying. Helen’s father even fired Sullivan for criticizing the way he indulged in Helen. he is a miserable man who cannot protect his love. she has sprung from a half. In the early days. On the early days. Sullivan still started to teach her. Hellen Keller Persistence makes success. scene. taunts him. When Sullivan first met Helen. the real Heathcliff emerges as truly devoted and loving through conversing with Catherine’s ghost. Deep from within.” Edgar’s tenderness prevents him from protecting his own happiness.

Education is predominant to one’s success. However. Motherhood is invaluable. She brought Helen a new life and paved the ways for Helen to success. learning to read. Sullivan was like a gift from God to Helen to compensate for her physical loss. Helen’s companionship with Anne Sullivan was perfect. she taught Helen to do things by herself as a normal child such as comb her hair. was a devoted woman. Companion -ship helps people go through vicissitudes. Sullivan had always been next to Helen to support her. Kate Adams. She travelled all over the world and brought the warmth. Sullivan also interpreted Helen’s speech at school and her lectures to people all over the world. She also expressed publicly her oppositions to war and became a prolific author of books on humanity. write and to communicate. she strived for women’s suffrage and helped to enhance the working condition of workers all over the world. Throughout her life.Humanity makes a better society. She went to meet Alexander Graham Bell to seek help for her daughter. If it hadn’t for Kate’s determination to improve Helen’s condition. Then. She graduated from Radcliffe College and became the first deaf-blind person to earn the Bachelor of Arts and became a political activist and lecturer. Helen would have never succeeded. wash . encouragement and determination to the disabled. Laura Bridgman. she succeeded. Sullivan taught Helen to communicate and to study. That was such a precious friendship. she was inspired by Charles Dickens’ American notes of the successful education of another deaf and blind child. she faced a lot of criticisms. On Sullivan’s early day with Helen. Helen’s mother. She cried a lot every time she saw Helen unable to communicate. When she worked as an activist in support of human right. Their companionship lasted for 49 years. Helen devoted herself to human right.

Charity makes a better society. He was a person of ideas. In the end. . she met with a lot of difficulties because of Helen’s belligerence and her father’s opposition to her way of teaching. in the last minute she succeeded in teaching Helen to spell the word water and many other words and persuaded her father to let her teach Helen. He started writing programs when he was studying at Lakeside school and he was even excused from his math class for creating these computer programs. He and his wife established the charitable Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. His creativity helped him succeed in making a lot of other programs. which is the largest transparently operated charitable foundation in the world. He had done a lot to relieve poverty. her face… She set up a strict rule for Helen to obey and therefore built Helen’s character as a disciplined person. excluding 2008 Gates is one of the most famous benefactors in the world. Helen grew to do extraordinary things thanks to Sullivan’s education. established his own program company Microsoft and earned a huge amount of money. Gates Foundation and some other organizations to support for the poor. Bill and Melinda Gates were the second most generous philanthropists in America. He is consistently ranked among the world's wealthiest people]and was the wealthiest overall from 1995 to 2009.Persistence makes success. As in 2007. Helen’s father even fired Sullivan for criticizing the way he indulged in Helen. However. having given over $28 billion to charity. she was a spoilt and truculent child. When Sullivan first met Helen. Bill Gates Creativity brings people accomplishments. He also founded the William H. On the early days. Sullivan still started to teach her. It can’t be denied that Bill has an extraordinary creativity.

Bill’s passion is computer programming. extraordinary creativity. He knew that computer would be a perfect tool to assist people in their work. to start forming his own company with his friend. having given over $28 billion to charity. Paul Allen in order to follow his passion. Gates’ vision leads him to flowering of success and leads the world to the new era of information and computer science.Passions lead us to success." Great people have to have When Bill first wrote the program at his great vision. Gates was fascinated by the machine and how it would always execute software code perfectly. high school. He even went on a leave of absence from Harvard University. He later stated that "it was hard to tear myself away from a machine at which I could so unambiguously demonstrate success. he had already realized the power and accuracy of machine. His creativity helped him succeed in making a lot of other programs. Gates . As in 2007. Creativity brings people It can’t be denied that Bill has an accomplishments. He and his wife established the charitable Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. He was a person of ideas. Eventually. He is consistently ranked among the world's wealthiest people]and was the wealthiest overall from 1995 to 2009. He did everything to pursue his dream ever since he was at high school. which is the largest transparently operated charitable foundation in the world. He started writing programs when he was studying at Lakeside school and he was even excused from his math class for creating these computer programs. Bill and Melinda Gates were the second most generous philanthropists in America. He invented many programs for computers. excluding 2008 Charity makes a better Gates is one of the most famous society. the best university in the world. He also founded the William H. established his own program company Microsoft and earned a huge amount of money. benefactors in the world.

Bill’s passion is computer programming. warmth. present." A Christmas Carol A person can always change for the better. A person should always forgive others for what they have done. He had done a lot to relieve poverty. He has the power to change the future with his present actions. He invented many programs for computers. after the appearance of the 3 spirits. He agrees to work on Christmas Day as his boss wants to. generosity and goodwill overcome Scrooge's bitter apathy as he encounters and learns from his memory. . He did everything to pursue his dream ever since he was at high school. Paul Allen in order to follow his passion. Tiny Tim's courage and selflessness in the face of his ill health are also noteworthy. Christmas is meant to inspire the good. However. while Fezziwig is a tremendous friend and generous employer. He even went on a leave of absence from Harvard University. he still wishes the best for Scrooge because he believes that “one must be charitable”. and his fear of death. still remains a humble and dedicated employee. Passions lead us to success.Foundation and some other organizations to support for the poor. though treated harshly by his boss. the best university in the world. Scrooge learns the lessons of the Christmas spirit through his visions of Christmases past. cold-hearted old man who really hates Christmas time. not what "Will" be. as is the loving nature of the entire Cratchit family. if Scrooge can change. Ebenezer Scrooge is a greedy. He states that there are only visions of things that "May" be. On Christmas Eve. He later stated that "it was hard to tear myself away from a machine at which I could so unambiguously demonstrate success. to start forming his own company with his friend. then so can anyone. Fred is a model of good cheer. the ability to empathize. Bob Cratchit.

broke off their engagement after Scrooge became consumed with greed and the lust for wealth. The workhouses did not provide any means for social or economic betterment. and future. Oliver manages to rise above his upbringing. A beautiful woman who Scrooge loved deeply when he was a young man. Scrooge’s greed for wealth and power has made him a miserly and lonely man. She later married another man. Belle.Once a person has goodwill. . Scrooge rushes out onto the street hoping to share his newfound Christmas spirit. ignorant and cruel people for most of his childhood. Greed prevents people from getting happiness. or tenderness. Thus. He sends a giant Christmas turkey to the Cratchit house and attends Fred's party. he holds true to his promise and honors Christmas with all his heart: he treats Tiny Tim as if he were his own child. Labor was required. generosity. Furthermore. in each he sees either the ill effects his miserly nature has wrought or the good tidings that others bring about through their love and kindness. and rations of food and clothing were meager. provides lavish gifts for the poor. given no love. care. Overwhelmed with joy by the chance to redeem himself and grateful that he has been returned to Christmas Day. Surrounded by selfish. The poor could only receive government assistance if they moved into government workhouses. The fact that his happy ending is so very miraculous proves how important it is to be loved and cared for in childhood. and warmth. and never gives into the low morals of those around him. the officials who ran the workhouses blatantly violated the values A person with good personalities can hardly be depraved in any circumstance. Charity for the poor and the helpless was wrongly put by the government in the 19th century. and treats his fellow human beings with kindness. he makes his life more meaningful. As the years go by. families were almost always separated. he still manages to maintain his kind disposition.

The fact that Oliver’s happy ending is so very miraculous proves how important it is to be loved and cared for in childhood. she cannot escape from them. but from an early age she was raised by the kind and loving Mrs. Knowing that Oliver is his half brother. but Jim loves her for more than just her beautiful hair and . and although she transcends their ranks morally. Monk pursues Oliver. A wise person is the person who can give anything they have for their true love If you really love somebody. Rose. Bumble are in a workhouse. obtains and destroys his locket in order to prevent Oliver from inheriting a part of the family’s fortune. they are beautiful no matter how Details Because Jim and Della love each other. but from youth she has been surrounded by liars and thieves. who also offered her all the resources she could desire . Bumble and Mrs. made so by her very presence there among other things. nor become the person she could have had she had any of the advantages that Rose did. comes from a rather ignominious background. In the end. people will almost always face justice. Maylie. At the end of the story. there is really no need to prove their love by buying gifts for each other Both Della and Jim give up valuable possessions so they can buy Christmas gifts for each other.and so she became an example of the "perfect" female. and all of the good characters live happily and comfortably. Title: The gift of the Magi Author: O Henry Themes Love Sacrifice Wisdom Beauty Theses Love is the greatest gift of all Lover always sacrify for each other. Nancy’s potential for goodness is clear. while Sikes and Fagin have both been hanged. and Mrs. Oliver. Mann.Cupidity can lead to evil machinations. too. Rose. Education affects much of a person’s character. they preached to the poor for example Mr. Della and Jim were wise because they were willing to make sacrifices to show their love for each other Della is worried that Jim won't think she is beautiful with short hair. Mr.

In Victorian time. Money Money destroys man Title: The catcher in the rye Author: J. What he thought was love for her was instead infatuation. Title: Jane Eyre Author: Charlotte Bronte Themes Love and passion Social class False love Theses A life that is not lived passionately is not lived fully. Since Allie’s death he cannot communicate with his family.". a person is judged through his class. pockets part of the money provided by benefactors of the school for proper food and clothing for the students. the headmaster at Lowood Orphan Asylum. Main character Holden Caulfield finds nearly everything depressing.isolation and alienation from others is the greatest source of unhappiness. Rochester look down on Jane because she is a governess.Rochester instead of marry St.D. False love is in part responsible for Edward Rochester's disastrous marriage to Bertha Mason. Parent Teenage don’t belive in their parents Loneliness Isolation is the greatest source of Holden's melancholy . Only true love can make you happy Details Jane follows her passion when she chooses to came back to Mr. Mr.they look how she looks.Salinger Themes Adoscelence Theses Teenage don’t want to face the world of reality Details Holden chooses to be wedged between a world of the innocence of children and the complex world of adulthood. Brocklehurst. The friend of Mr. He avoided adult because he thought the would critize him Holden hated his parent because he thought they were “phony” and can’t do not thing. from receiving gifts to hearing people say "please. John even when it seems rational.

Mr. vile. Phoniness refers to anything and everything from pretense to social snobbery to language to appearances – all elements of the adult world. elderly woman but Aticus Finch still admires her courage with which she battles her morphine addiction. while Miss Caroline’s rigid commitment to the educational techniques that she learned in college makes her ineffective and even dangerous. He never think that is his last and greatest work.Dubose is a cantankerous.Phony Real life is really a phoniness. Mr. jobs. and she teaches Jem a bravery lesson Atticus’s ability to put himself in his children’s shoes makes him an excellent teacher. The doctor didn’t save Johnsy life but her faith Title: To kill the mocking bird Author: Harper Lee Themes The Coexistence of Good and Evil Theses People both have bad and good quality Details Although Mrs.Berman hopelessly found his true art but when he paints the leaf on the wall he’s doing it just to give Johnsy hope. For Education Rigid style of education is not propiated for young children Differences in social status are explored largely through the Social Inequality . These rigid social divisions that make up so much of the adult world are revealed in the book to be both irrational and destructive.Berman silently risks his life to save Johnsy. Holden seeks to escape what he sees as the prescribed path of education. All his life. and money-making Title: The last leaf Author: O Henry Themes Friendship Sacrifice True art Hope and Faith Theses A friend in need is a friend indeed Only a life lived for others is worth living You never no your painting is a true art until you draw it Bring me faith bring me life Details Sue does everything for Johnsy with her heart. Disgusted with this falsity.

give up smoking. he realized that aside from skin color. Tom Robinson is the chief example among several innocents destroyed carelessly. At first Huck scoff at Jim. and learn the Bible. they had similarities. And Boo Radley is destroyed through the contact with the Ewell family and by his own father. And Tom Robison is persecuted because he is black. Innocence Courage and Compasion example. he really loved Huck and would protect him from harm. Scout cannot understand why Aunt Alexandra refuses to let her consort with young Walter Cunningham. Aticus’s respect for other’ value. He was raised without any rules or discipline and has a strong resistance to anything that might "civilize" him.overcomplicated social hierarchy of Maycomb Maycomb society has destroyed innocent person. People can fogive a man stealing bread for his family but can not forgive for anyone thwart a hunter of the black Living style Conflict between civilization and natural life Friendship Everyone can have true meaningful friendship Freedom Freedom has different meaning for each people. and that he missed his family. Although Jim was black. But when Huck realized Jim had feelings. There is a huge space between the black and the white Racism . Freedom to Jim was a way out of slavery and a way to have his family. Freedom for Huck was to get away from civilization (or 'sivilization' as he calls it) and was represented by his love of being in nature. Acticus lesson for Jem is that “You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view — until you climb around in his skin and walk around in it” Title: The tale of the two city Author: Charles Dicken Themes Theses Details Huck represents natural life and desire to escape from civilization. Mark described how the black was treated in society. This conflict is introduced in the first chapter through the efforts of the Widow Douglas: she tries to force Huck to wear new clothes.

Title: The old man and the sea Author: Enerst Hemingway Themes Unity Theses Human ís a part of the nature To be a man is to behave with honor and dignity: to not succumb to suffering. Title: Oliver Twist Author: Charles Dicken Themes The importance of upbringing Theses Care and love is improtant for children’s future. but from youth she has been surrounded by liars and thieves. The powerlessness of children Oliver fail to communicate with adults . but there are countless examples of adults either ignoring or misunderstanding what seem to be clear and direct statements. made so by her very presence there among other things. drinks shark liver oil for health Manhood Santiago risked his life to catch the marlin fish. Pride encourage man to do extraordinary things Worthiness is not tangible Details Santiago’s living relies solely upon the sea. he never succumbed when he faced the harrassness of the nature. eats turtle eggs for strength. In the court room scene. he earn inner peace and self-sufficiency. birds. Oliver loses his ability to speak. Details Nancy’s potential for goodness is clear. and most importantly. to accept one's duty without complaint. But Rose from an early age she was raised by the kind and loving Mrs. to display a maximum of self-control. she became an example of the "perfect" female. the fish. he has the heart of a turtle. and is given a name arbitrarily. Pride Worthiness Santiago's pride pressed him to travel dangerously far out into the sea." to catch the marlin Though Santiago did not earn money. and stars are all his brothers or friends. Maylie. "beyond all people in the world.

He did not need to learn much of anything . Oliver. to find peace and happiness. while it is in the country that Oliver is able to recover his health. Survival of the Fittest Loyalty Power The Virtue of Humanity . and he obeyed them. Outside of their natural position. and to live morally. The city is corrupt. The appearance of power must lead to the assertion of power. and Sikes and Fagin have both been hanged. When Curly is killed for making a friendly advance to another dog. and they ultimately act selfishly and cruelly. dirty. clean. Rose. It is in the city that Oliver is forced into immorality. Mr. and Mrs. The limits of justice All people have to face justice. they are more likely to try to disguise their own selfish desires and actions. Buck quickly learns one of the most important laws of Club and Fang. His instincts told him to go no further. humanity seems a fairly useless virtue. Hal.the instincts for survival were handed down by his ancestors Buck loves John Thornton so much that he is willing to do things that are against his selfinterest. while the country is pure. he recognizes that he is in a world where it is kill or be killed. to get an education. and healthy. and all of the good characters live happily and comfortably.City versus countryside They took symbolic meaning and stand in clear dichotomy. The idea that humanity is a virtue is a conceit of human beings. and seedy. Mercedes and Charles represent the most "civilized" people in the novel. Loyalty based on selfinterest is ultimately strong and meaningful. even stupid things such as jumping off a cliff. The only other option is death. Buck survives because he was genetically more suited to that environment than many of the other dogs who were there. saving his life. Title: The call of the wild Author: Jack London Themes The power of Instinct Theses Buck's ability to listen to his instinct makes him more and more powerful toward the natural Learning do not play a great role in the survival of a species. Details Buck unconsciously sensed that the snow and ice under his feet were getting weaker and weaker. Bumble are in a workhouse.

Details Darcy's pride in his position in society leads him to scorn anyone outside of his own social circle. because only then was he invested in a human partnership with completely mutual goals. women need to marry men they are not in love with simply in order to gain financial security. Individuals are social beings and that their happiness is found through relationships with others. Aristocacy often overemphasis on class. so sister Charlotte was so prone on a wealthy husband not on true love. Elizabeth's judgments of Darcy and Wickham were wrong and they were based on vanity. Bennet's estate leaves his daughters in a poor financial situation which both requires them to marry. Elizabeth's vanity clouds her judgment.The joy of labor Everyone is suited to a particular kind of work. Darcy thinks his failure to expose the wickedness of Wickham's character to be a breach of his social duty because if Wickham's true character had been known others would not have been so easily cheated by him. Title: Pride and Prejudice Author: Jane Austen Themes Pride Theses Pride prevents the characters from seeing the truth of a situation and from achieving happiness in life Prejudice is rooted in one own quick perception In 19th century English society. Buck dreams of his ancient master. Arguably. desires and needs. Darcy's inordinate pride is based on his extreme class-consciousness Prejudice Woman and Marriage Individual and Society Class . Buck is little unhappy when Thorton find gold cause he gets little work to do. making her to think ill of Darcy and to think well of Wickham. not on reason The entailment of Mr. and everyone will be happiest if they are doing that work.

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