GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS

Professor Dr. P.R.S SARMA M.B.A & Ph.D. - IITD

LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.925- Logistics Systems Engineering

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GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS

Professor Dr. P.R.S SARMA M.B.A & Ph.D. - IITD

Synopsis
LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.925- Logistics Systems Engineering
  

Performance measurements and metrics in SCM Supply Chain Performance Measurement Systems Measuring Supply Chain Performance

Integrated Performance Measurement

       

Performance Metrics For Supply Chain Drivers of supply chain performance A framework for structuring drivers Facilities Inventory Transportation Information Obstacles to achieving fit
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GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS

Professor Dr. P.R.S SARMA M.B.A & Ph.D. - IITD

Performance measurements and metrics in SCM
LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.925- Logistics Systems Engineering

The metrics and measures are discussed in the context of the following supply chain activities/processes:
   

(1) plan (2) source (3) make/assemble (4) delivery/customer (Stewart, 1995; Gunasekaran et al., 2001).

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GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS

Professor Dr. P.R.S SARMA M.B.A & Ph.D. - IITD

SC Performance Measurement Systems
LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.925- Logistics Systems Engineering

Performance measurement systems must:
 

Link SC trading partners to achieve breakthrough performance in satisfying the end users Overlay the entire SC to assure that all contribute to SC strategy

In a successful chain, members jointly agree on a SC performance measurement system.

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GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS

Professor Dr. P.R.S SARMA M.B.A & Ph.D. - IITD

SC Performance Meas. Systems (2)
LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.925- Logistics Systems Engineering

Specific Supply Chain Performance Measures

Total SCM costs:  cost to process orders; purchase & manage inventories & information systems. SC cash-to-cash cycle time:  Average # of days between paying for materials and getting paid by SC partners. SC production flexibility:  average time required to provide an unplanned 20 % increase in production. SC delivery performance:  average % of orders filled by requested delivery date. SC perfect order fulfillment performance:  average % of orders that arrive on time, complete, and damage free. Supply chain e-business performance:  average % of electronic orders received for all supply chain members.

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P.IITD Measuring Supply Chain Performance LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.Logistics Systems Engineering     Strategic decision-making. development of action plans and operations improvement relies on the development of performance measurement systems It monitors current and past states and enable projections into the future.925. Also stops considering financial accounting measures as the basis for performance measurement R.B.A & Ph. cost allocation techniques outdated. Increased levels of competition create pressure to reduce costs and increase value generated by products Specific actions geared towards operations improvement / meeting quality standards require specific measures to assess the impact on performance External demands require firms to be more adaptable  Performance measurement systems need to focus simultaneouly on resource efficiency. Eccles (1991) According to Neely (1995)     The nature of the work is changing.D.G.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.R. . effective output and flexibility (Beamon. 1998) 6 .S SARMA M.

customer value. Build a cohesive and integrative view of the firm strategy. . operational excellence and comunity relationships. 1996)  The BSC translates the firm strategy into a set of metrics that track performance along four inter-related perspectives:  Financial Perspective  Customer Perspective  Internal process Perspective  Learning and Growth Perspective Show causal relationships between metrics associated with the different perspectives. P.B.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.R. Four key themes are value creation. 7  Strategic Maps (Kaplan e Norton)    .S SARMA M.A & Ph.925.IITD Integrated Performance Measurement LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.D.Logistics Systems Engineering  Balanced Scorecard (Kaplan e Norton.

P.A & Ph.IITD Integrated Performance Measurement LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.Logistics Systems Engineering  The Performance prism (Neely e Kennerley.925.D.S SARMA M. .B. 2002)  Satisfy stakeholders and internal strategic objectives:  Satisfaction of stakeholders  Stakeholders´contribution  Strategy  Processes  Competencies 8 .GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.R.

R.  Financial Vs non-financial.D.925.IITD Performance Metrics For SC LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623. A few specific concerns were identified:    Balancing metrics  Internal Vs external metrics.  Functional Vs cross-functional.  Current performance Vs learning and innovation.B.A & Ph. Identifying key processes in the supply chain 9 .S SARMA M. P. Identifying key performance areas  Key performance areas are related to value creation.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.Logistics Systems Engineering  Propose a set of metrics for supply chain management following the background literature on performance measurement systems. .

S SARMA M.R. finished goods within a supply chain inventory policies moving inventory from point to point in a supply chain combinations of transportation modes and routes data and analysis regarding inventory. or fabricated production sites and storage sites raw materials.Logistics Systems Engineering Facilities   places where inventory is stored.IITD Drivers of Supply Chain Performance  LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.A & Ph. facilities throughout the supply chain potentially the biggest driver of supply chain performance 10  Inventory    Transportation    Information   . transportation.925.D. P. assembled.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.B. WIP. .

925.A & Ph.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr. .R. P.B.Logistics Systems Engineering Efficiency Responsiveness Supply chain structure Facilities Transportation Inventory Information Drivers 11 .IITD A Framework for Structuring Drivers LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.S SARMA M.D.

Logistics Systems Engineering Strategy (Design) Planning Operation 12 .925.R.D.IITD Supply Chain Decisions: Structuring Drivers LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.S SARMA M. P.B.A & Ph. .GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.

GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.R.925. P.Logistics Systems Engineering  Role in the supply chain   the “where” of the supply chain manufacturing or storage (warehouses) economies of scale (efficiency priority) larger number of smaller facilities (responsiveness priority)  Role in the competitive strategy   13 .IITD Facilities LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623. .A & Ph.B.D.S SARMA M.

Logistics Systems Engineering  Location   centralization (efficiency) vs.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr. P.A & Ph. cross-docking) Overall trade-off: Responsiveness versus efficiency 14 .R. proximity to customers)     Capacity (flexibility versus efficiency) Manufacturing methodology (product focused versus process focused) Warehousing methodology (SKU storage. . decentralization (responsiveness) other factors to consider (e..g.D.IITD Components of Facilities Decisions LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.925. job lot storage.B.S SARMA M.

.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.Logistics Systems Engineering    Role in the supply chain Role in the competitive strategy Components of inventory decisions 15 . P.IITD Inventory LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.B.D.A & Ph.S SARMA M.925.R.

GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.925. P.R.S SARMA M.D.B.Logistics Systems Engineering   Inventory exists because of a mismatch between supply and demand Source of cost and influence on responsiveness Impact on   material flow time: time elapsed from: “material entry in the supply chain to its exit from the supply chain throughput   rate at which sales to end consumers occur Inventory and throughput are “synonymous” in a supply chain   If responsiveness is a strategic competitive priority. inventory can be reduced to make the firm more efficient …… …………………………. .IITD Inventory: Role in the Supply Chain  LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623. Trade-off 16 . a firm can locate larger amounts of inventory closer to customers If cost is more important.A & Ph.

A & Ph.IITD Components of Inventory Decisions LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.D.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.S SARMA M. .Logistics Systems Engineering  Cycle inventory   Average amount of inventory used to satisfy demand between shipments Depends on lot size inventory held in case demand exceeds expectations costs of carrying too much inventory versus cost of losing sales inventory built up to counter predictable variability in demand cost of carrying additional inventory versus cost of flexible production more inventory: greater responsiveness but greater cost less inventory: lower cost but lower responsiveness  Safety inventory    Seasonal inventory    Overall trade-off: Responsiveness versus efficiency   17 .R.925. P.B.

IITD Transportation LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.A & Ph.D.R.925.S SARMA M.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.Logistics Systems Engineering    Role in the supply chain Role in the competitive strategy Components of transportation decisions 18 . . P.B.

Logistics Systems Engineering Moves the product/people between stages in the supply chain Impact on responsiveness and efficiency Faster transportation allows greater responsiveness but lower efficiency Also affects inventory and facilities 19 .R.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.D.925.A & Ph.B. . P.S SARMA M.IITD Transportation: Role in the Supply Chain     LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.

Logistics Systems Engineering    If responsiveness is a strategic competitive priority. P.A & Ph.B.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.IITD Transportation: Role in the Competitive Strategy LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.925.S SARMA M.D. .R. then faster transportation modes can provide greater responsiveness to customers who are willing to pay for it Can also use slower transportation modes for customers whose priority is price (cost) Can also consider both inventory and transportation to find the right balance 20 .

pipeline.D. ship. electronic transportation vary in cost.B. speed. flexibility route: path along which a product is shipped network: collection of locations and routes  Route and network selection     In-house or outsource Overall trade-off: Responsiveness versus efficiency 21 . size of shipment. . rail. truck.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.R.925.IITD Components of Transportation Decisions LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.A & Ph. P.Logistics Systems Engineering  Mode of transportation:   air.S SARMA M.

P.925.A & Ph.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.S SARMA M.R. .Logistics Systems Engineering    Role in the supply chain Role in the competitive strategy Components of information decisions 22 .D.B.IITD Information LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.

GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.Logistics Systems Engineering   The connection between the various stages in the supply chain – allows coordination between stages Crucial to daily operation of each stage in a supply chain – e.S SARMA M. inventory levels 23 . P.R.A & Ph.IITD Information: Role in the Supply Chain LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.D. production scheduling.B..925.g. .

.A & Ph.B.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.R. P.IITD Information: Role in the Competitive Strategy LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.S SARMA M.Logistics Systems Engineering    Allows supply chain to become more efficient and more responsive at the same time (reduces the need for a trade-off) Information technology What information is most valuable? 24 .925.D.

R.Logistics Systems Engineering     Push (MRP) versus pull (demand information transmitted quickly throughout the supply chain) Coordination and information sharing Forecasting and aggregate planning Enabling technologies     EDI Internet ERP systems Supply Chain Management software  Overall trade-off: Responsiveness versus efficiency 25 .B.S SARMA M. . P.IITD Components of Information Decisions LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.A & Ph.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.925.D.

R.B.IITD Considerations for Supply Chain Drivers LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.Logistics Systems Engineering Driver Inventory Transportation Facilities Information Efficiency Cost of holding Consolidation Consolidation / Dedicated Responsiveness Availability Speed Proximity / Flexibility What information is best suited for each objective 26 .925. P.A & Ph.S SARMA M.D. .GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.

Logistics Systems Engineering       Increasing variety of products Decreasing product life cycles Increasingly demanding customers Fragmentation of supply chain ownership Globalization Difficulty executing new strategies 27 . P. .IITD Obstacles to Achieving Strategic Fit LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.D.R.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.B.S SARMA M.925.A & Ph.

.S SARMA M.925.Logistics Systems Engineering  Multiple owners / incentives in a supply chain Local optimization and lack of global fit  Increasing product variety / shrinking life cycles / customer fragmentation Increasing implied uncertainty 28 . P.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.IITD Major Obstacles to Achieving Fit LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.R.B.D.A & Ph.

P.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.S SARMA M.925.D.R. .B.IITD Summary LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.A & Ph.Logistics Systems Engineering  What are the major drivers of supply chain performance? What is the role of each driver in creating strategic fit between supply chain strategy and competitive strategy (or between implied demand uncertainty and supply chain responsiveness)? What are the major obstacles to achieving strategic fit?   29 .

S SARMA M.Logistics Systems Engineering 30 .B.D.A & Ph.R.925. .GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.IITD LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623. P.

P. .D.R.S SARMA M.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.925.B.A & Ph.Logistics Systems Engineering  Information is the driver that serves as the “glue” to create a coordinated supply chain Information must have the following characteristics to be useful:  Accurate  Accessible in a timely manner  Information must be of the right kind Information provides the basis for supply chain management decisions  Inventory  Transportation  Facility 31 .IITD Role of Information Technology in a Supply Chain   LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.

D.Logistics Systems Engineering     Accurate Accessible in a timely manner The right kind Provides supply chain visibility 32 .GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.IITD Characteristics of Useful Supply Chain Information LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.R.A & Ph. . P.S SARMA M.925.B.

D.925. ordering costs Transportation: costs. capacity. stockout costs. need information about trade-offs between flexibility and efficiency. planning. taxes. . schedules of a facility.B. exchange rates.IITD Use of Information in a Supply Chain LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.S SARMA M.A & Ph. 33 . carrying costs. shipment sizes Facility: location. P. operational Examples:   Strategic: location decisions Operational: what products will be produced during today ’s production run    Inventory: demand patterns. customer locations.R. etc.Logistics Systems Engineering   Information used at all phases of decision making: strategic.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr. demand.

R.925. P.Logistics Systems Engineering  Information technology (IT)   Hardware and software used throughout the supply chain to gather and analyze information Captures and delivers information needed to make good decisions   Effective use of IT in the supply chain can have a significant impact on supply chain performance The Importance of Information in a Supply Chain   Relevant information available throughout the supply chain allows managers to make decisions that take into account all stages of the supply chain Allows performance to be optimized for the entire supply chain.D.A & Ph. not just for one stage – leads to higher performance for each individual firm in the supply chain 34 . .IITD Role of Information Technology in a Supply Chain LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.B.S SARMA M.

P. .B.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.925.IITD Role of Information Technology in a Supply Chain (2) LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.R.A & Ph.Logistics Systems Engineering 35 .S SARMA M.D.

A & Ph.Logistics Systems Engineering 36 .IITD Business Processes Mapped to an IT Solution LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.D.S SARMA M.B. . P.R.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.925.

D.R.Logistics Systems Engineering 37 .GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.925.IITD Enterprise Applications along the Value Chain LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.B.S SARMA M.A & Ph. P. .

.R.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.A & Ph.IITD Information and Technology: Application of SCM LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623. Software includes the entire system and application programme used for processing transactions management control.B.Logistics Systems Engineering    In the development and maintenance of Supply chain's information systems both software and hardware must be addressed.D. Recent development in Supply chain management are:      Electronic Commerce Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) Bar coding and Scanner Data warehouse Enterprise Resource planning (ERP) tools 38 . P.S SARMA M.925. decision-making and strategic planning.

Logistics Systems Engineering    At the highest level.IITD The Future of IT in the Supply Chain LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623. .GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr. the three SCM macro processes will continue to drive the evolution of enterprise software Software focused on the macro processes will become a larger share of the total enterprise software market and the firms producing this software will become more successful Functionality. P. will be keys to success 39 .925. and the strength of their ecosystems.S SARMA M.A & Ph.D.R. the ability to integrate across macro processes.B.

GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.IITD Analytical Applications for SCM  Demand/Supply Match     LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.D.comparison 40 .R. .Logistics Systems Engineering Sales values Inventory Order lead times Issues/Receipts  Forwarding Agent Efficiency     Total transportation lead time Carrier efficiency Transportation time Transportation waiting time  Forwarding Agent Requirement Analysis    Shipment values Time efficiency Shipment weights and volumes  Global Capacity Utilization    Global capacity utilization Capacity utilization by plant and week Capacity details .A & Ph.B. P.S SARMA M.925.

R.B.A & Ph.925.S SARMA M.Logistics Systems Engineering Inventory per product (pieces) Inventory details per selected product Inventory value per product Days of supply per selected product Inventory per selected product  Order Analytics      Order status Existing orders versus sales target by customer Existing orders versus sales target by sales organization Existing orders by customer (pieces) Existing orders by key account (pieces)  Supplier Rating Monitor     Top 10 suppliers by order volume Supplier rating by product for selected supplier Supplier alerts Alerts for selected product 41 .D.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr. P.IITD Analytical Applications for SCM (2)  Global Inventory View      LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623. .

IITD Analytical Applications for SCM (3) LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.B.S SARMA M.Logistics Systems Engineering  Warehouse Workload Historical View       Quantities delivered Outbound deliveries by line item Delivery detail Stocks Total receipts/issues by month Receipts/issues variance 42 .A & Ph.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr. .925. P.D.R.

Logistics Systems Engineering      Select an IT system that addresses the company’s key success factors Take incremental steps and measure value Align the level of sophistication with the need for sophistication Use IT systems to support decision making. P. .925.B.IITD Supply Chain Information Technology in Practice LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.R.A & Ph.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.S SARMA M. not to make decisions Think about the future 43 .D.

D. P.IITD Transactional vs.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.S SARMA M. Analytical IT LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.R. .B.Logistics Systems Engineering 44 .A & Ph.925.

.R.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.IITD What are Enterprise Systems? LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.B.Logistics Systems Engineering 45 .A & Ph.925.S SARMA M.D. P.

P.R.A & Ph.B.925.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.S SARMA M.D. .IITD Integrated Enterprise LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.Logistics Systems Engineering • Organization • Processes • Technology • INFORMATION Information is a Key Enabler! 46 .

IITD Enterprise Resources Planning (ERP) Definition LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.R.S SARMA M.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.925. distribution or service company Typical MRP II Functions Quality Functions Sales Force Automation Field Service Functions Engineering Function / PDM Complete Financial Functions Advance Manufacturing Function Human Resources Functions Distribution / Logistics Functions Management Reporting  It Includes:            ERP is a System for the Entire Company – A Global Tightly Integrated Closed-Loop System Source: APICS Complex Industries Special Interest Group 47 . . make.A & Ph.D.B.Logistics Systems Engineering  Enterprise Resource Planning  A method for the effective planning and controlling of ALL these sources needed to take. ship and account for customer orders in a manufacturing. P.

B.Logistics Systems Engineering 48 .GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr. P.R. .S SARMA M.IITD ERP Functionality LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.A & Ph.D.925.

Logistics Systems Engineering            System Wide Elements Project Management & Project Costing (EVM) Executive Management Information System Work Flow Management Multi-Company Multi-Currency Multi-Lingual Multi-Mode EDI / Electronic Commerce Web Enabled / Internet Communications Imaging & Multi Media 49 .925.R.B. .S SARMA M.IITD Typical ERP Functionality LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623. P.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.D.A & Ph.

IITD Typical ERP Technology LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.925.D. P.R.S SARMA M.B.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.A & Ph. .Logistics Systems Engineering 50 .

S SARMA M.B.A & Ph.IITD Why ERP ? LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623. P.D.R. .Logistics Systems Engineering There are several reasons why a company will consider the Implementation of a New Backbone Business System:       To improve the profitability of the company To solve problems of legacy systems (year 2000) To be able to cope with new production requirements To provide the architectural anchor for rationalization of acquisitions To provide interoperability of its organizations To provide the means for Supply Chain Management 51 .GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.925.

Logistics Systems Engineering Enable Reduced Resource Requirements due to:       Fully integrated systems where everyone has instant access to the latest accurate information One data base. P.925.S SARMA M.B.D.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr. date is added only once and used by All The system allows interoperability of the internal and external supply chain On line (vs Batch) systems elements – data is there automatically Work flow is managed efficiently through system action messages and routing of decisions Paperless systems allow efficient on-line approvals 52 .A & Ph.R. .IITD Why ERP ? (2) Reduce Costs – How will ERP Help? LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.

Logistics Systems Engineering 53 .A & Ph.D.B.S SARMA M. . P.IITD ERP Systems View of Functionality LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.R.925.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.

D.S SARMA M.IITD Supply Chain Management and the Internet LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.R.B.A & Ph.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr. . P.925.Logistics Systems Engineering 54 .

A & Ph.D.IITD Internet-based supply chain management applications LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr. P. .B.Logistics Systems Engineering  Two main categories   Supply chain planning systems Supply chain execution systems Demand planning Order planning Advanced scheduling and manufacturing planning Distribution planning Transportation planning Manage flow of products through distribution centers and warehouses to ensure products delivered to right locations in most efficient manner       Supply chain planning systems       Supply chain execution systems  Order commitments Final production Replenishment Distribution management Reverse distribution 55 .925.R.S SARMA M.

S SARMA M.D.A & Ph.B. P.IITD The Future Internet-Driven Supply Chain LSM-306 Supply Chain Management 623.Logistics Systems Engineering 56 .R. .GITAM INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS Professor Dr.925.

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