Air pollution causes harmful physical changes in the brain ( Simple Sentences With Complements

) (NaturalNews) No one likes breathing polluted air (Simple Sentences with Complements). Exhaust fumes and particulate matter hanging in the air can make you cough and give you a headache (Compound Sentences). As NaturalNews has reported previously, it can harm your health in ways that aren't so obvious, as well. For example, Ohio State University researchers have found a direct link between air pollution and high blood pressure. Now comes information from another Ohio State University study that long-term exposure to air pollution can literally change your brain. And as you might expect, these physical changes in the brain are not beneficial. They are associated with learning and memory problems and even depression. The new study, just published online in the journal Molecular Psychiatry is the first long-term research to show the negative impact of air pollutionon the brain, according to Laura Fonken, lead author of the study and a doctoral student in neuroscience at Ohio State University."The results suggest prolonged exposure to polluted air can have visible, negative effects on the brain, which can lead to a variety of health problems,"Fonken said in a statement to the media. In earlier studies in mice, researchers in Ohio State University's Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute (who also collaborated with Fonken and colleagues on the new research project)(Dependent Clauses), found that fine air particulate matter causes widespread inflammation in the body -- leading to a heightened risk for diabetes and obesity, as well as hypertension. Their extended research on air pollution's impact on the brain adds more disturbing evidence that bad air is bad for thinking, too. "The more we learn about the health effects of prolonged exposure to air pollution, the more reasons there are to be concerned," stated Randy Nelson, co-author of the study and professor of neuroscience and psychology at Ohio State, in the press statement. For the new study, lab mice were exposed five days a week to either filtered air or polluted air for six hours a day. The polluted air contained the same type of pollution created by cars, factories and natural dust and included very fine particulate matter -- particles so minute they are only about 1/30th of the average width of a human hair. Because of their small size,

memory and depression. Then various behavioral tests were performed on the rodents after the animals spent 10 months regularly breathing either filtered or polluted air.these particles can be inhaled deeply into the lungs and end up in other organs of the body. the scientists think the findings have profound implications for people exposed regularly to air pollution ( Complex Sentences – Dependent Clauses) . a reduction in the complexity of brain cells. neurons (nerve cells) known as dendrites were clearly changed. according to the researchers. the scientists focused on the hippocampus. dendrites have small projections growing off them. Inflammation-causing chemical messengers in the immune system known as cytokines were found to be more active in the hippocampus in the animals who breathed the polluted air. In addition."Fonken concluded. The results? The researchers found undeniable physical differences in the hippocampi of the mice who were exposed to polluted air compared to the animals who breathed clean air. "The hippocampus is particularly sensitive to damage caused by inflammation. the polluted-air breathing mice showed signs of higher levels of anxiety-like behaviors in one specific test." Although the new study involved mice and not humans. Normally. Learn more: And mice exposed to the polluted air exhibited more depressive-like behaviors than did the mice that breathed the clean air. The research team found evidence that low-grade inflammation was evident in the hippocampus in the pollution exposed mice. That could have caused the brain changes. The mice were exposed to an amount of polluted air equivalent to what people are exposed to in some polluted urban areas." Fonken said in the media statement. overall.html#ixzz1njyeIWVD . fewer dendrite spikes and. Specifically. "We suspect that the systemic inflammation caused by breathing polluted air is being communicated to the central nervous system. the area of the brain associated with learning. The results showed severe impairments in memory and learning in the pollution exposed animals.naturalnews. And earlier research has shown that these types of changes are linked to decreased learning and memory abilities."This could have important and troubling implications for people who live and work in polluted urban areas around the world. So how could air pollution trigger changes in learning. But in the mice exposed to polluted air. memory and mood? (Comples Sentences – Dependent Clause). there were shorter dendrites. which transmit signals from one neuron to another. but not in another. dubbed spines. To find out.