Buckling of Cylinder under Hydrostatic Pressure

Introduction Under uniform external pressure , the thick cylinder like submarine pressure hull can buckle through shell instability or lobar buckling of pressure [1]. Buckling is the general term frequently used to describe the failure structure between the stable and unstable case. When the magnitude of the load on a structure is such that the equilibrium is changed from stable to unstable, the load is called a critical load or (buckling load). Buckling means loss of the stability of an equilibrium configuration, without fracture or separation of the material or at least prior to it [2]. One problem faced in the design of structures is buckling, in which structural members collapse under compressive loads greater than the material can withstand. The nature of buckling pattern in plate not only depends upon the type of the applied loading but also on the shape (dimension) of the problem and the material properties and also upon the manner in which the edges are supported [3]. The design of cylinder under hydrostatic pressure has many challenges. The greatest challenge is its buckling strength against the critical pressures of the hydrostatic effect. Carl T.F. Ross et al, (2004) [4] reported on the buckling of three ring-stiffened prolate domes under external hydrostatic pressure. The study was partly theoretical and partly experimental, where in the case of the latter, the finite element was used. Karam Y. Maalawi (2009) [5] presented a generalized formulation for the problem of buckling optimization of anisotropic, radially graded, thin-walled, long cylinders subject to external hydrostatic pressure. Peroti et al, (2013)[6] studied the numerical analysis of ring stiffener effect with various cross section on ultimate buckling strength of pipeline under external hydrostatic pressure. The purpose of this study is to determining the critical buckling load and its mode shape of the cylinder using finite element analysis via ANSYS software .