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What is the legal basis of the National Service Training Program (NSTP)? The National Service Training Program (NSTP) Law or RA 9163 also known as An Act Establishing the National Service Training Program (NSTP) for tertiary level students, amending for the purpose Republic Act No. 7077 and Presidential Decree No. 1706, and for other purposes. was enacted last January 2002 to amend the Expanded ROTC. This program aimed to enhance civic consciousness and defense preparedness in the youth by developing the ethics of service and patriotism while undergoing training in any of its three (3) program components, specifically designed to enhance the youths active contribution to the general welfare. What are the components of the NSTP? Reserve Officers Training Corps *ROTC+ - refers to the program component, institutionalized under Section 38 and 39 of Republic Act No. 7077, designed to provide military training to motivate, train organize and mobilize them for national defense preparedness. Civic Welfare Training Service [CWTS] - refers to the program component or activities contributory to the general welfare and the betterment of life for the members of the community or the enhancement of its facilities, especially those devoted to improving health, education, environment, entrepreneurship, safety, recreation and moral of the citizenry and other social welfare services. Literacy Training Service [LTS] - refers to the program component designed to train the students to teach literacy and numeracy skills to school children, out-of-school youth and other segments of society in need of their services.

PUP HYMN Sintang Paaralan Tanglaw ka ng bayan Pandayan ng isip ng kabataan

Kami ay dumating nang salat sa yaman Hanap na dunong ay iyong alay Ang layunin mong makatao Dinarangal ang Pilipino Ang iyong aral, diwa, adhikang taglay PUP, aming gabay Paaralang dakila PUP, pinagpala Gagamitin ang karunungan Mula sa iyo, para sa bayan Ang iyong aral, diwa, adhikang taglay PUP, aming gabay Paaralang dakila PUP, pinagpala

PHILIPPINE NATIONAL ANTHEM Lupang Hinirang Bayang magiliw Perlas ng Silanganan, Alab ng puso, Sa dibdib mo'y buhay.

Lupang Hinirang, Duyan ka ng magiting, Sa manlulupig,

Di ka pasisiil.

Sa dagat at bundok, Sa simoy at sa langit mong bughaw, May dilag ang tula At awit sa paglayang minamahal.

Ang kislap ng watawat mo'y Tagumpay na nagniningning, Ang bituin at araw niya Kailan pa ma'y di magdidilim.

Lupa ng araw, ng luwalhati't pagsinta, Buhay ay langit sa piling mo. Aming ligaya, na pag may mang-aapi Ang mamatay nang dahil sa iyo.

PANUNUMPA NG KATAPATAN SA WATAWAT NG PILIPINAS Ako ay Pilipino Buong katapatang nanunumpa Sa watawat ng Pilipinas At sa bansang kanyang sinasagisag Na may dangal, katarungan at kalayaan Na pinakikilos ng sambayanang Maka-Diyos

Maka-tao Makakalikasan at Makabansa.

PHILIPPINE PREAMBLE We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God, in order to build a just and humane society and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our posterity the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom, love, equality, and peace, do ordain and promulgate this Constitution.

CIVIC EDUCATION According to CHARLES N. QUIGLEY AND MARGARET S. BRONSON it is imperative to every democratic nation to equip their people and make them accountable to every national issue and concern. JENNIFER REIBERGEN MCCRACKEN Defined Civic Education as Citizen Education or Democratic Education

ELEMENTS OF CIVIC EDUCATION Civic Knowledge -is about citizens understanding on varied political issues and concerns; -their political and civic rights and obligations

Civic Skills citizens ability to analyze, evaluate, oppose and defend positions on public issues utilize their civic knowledge in participating to different political and social processes. Civic Disposition -pertain to citizens traits necessary for democracy. -willingness to listen, negotiate and compromise

Factors that helps in improving and sharing the knowledge of civic education Faith-based Organization Media Organization Private Sector Government Organization Non-Government Organization Community Organization

GOOD VALUES THE PHILIPPINE PREAMBLE We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God, in order to build a just and humane society and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our posterity the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom, love, equality, and peace, do ordain and promulgate this Constitution.

Good Citizenship Good citizenship engenders love of country making the seemingly gargantuan (great mass/huge) task of building the nation. we will not be part of the problem; we will be part of the solution.

MAKADIYOS Faith in the almighty God a good Filipino obeys God and lives according to his teachings Respect for life a good Filipino recognizes the absolute value of human life and the human dignity of every person including himself. Order a good Filipino Values orderliness. Valuing order means respecting law and procedures.

Work a good Filipino values diligence and excellence in everything he/she does. As a worker, Filipino are versatile, hardworking and creative. Concern for the Family and Future Generations a good Filipino looks after the welfare of his/her family and the future generation.

MAKATAO Love a good Filipino looks after the good and welfare of his/her fellow human beings. Freedom a good Filipino asserts his/her right especially if it means being able to do the right thing. Peace a good Filipino lives and works in harmony with his/her fellow human beings. Truth a good Filipino stands up for the truth and avoids intrigue and mudslinging and values integrity in his/her life, family, work and country. Justice a good Filipino gives everyone what is rightfully theirs.

MAKABAYAN Unity a good Filipino works with and cooperates with others. Equality a good Filipino treats others as brothers and sisters being children of one God and one nation. Respect for the law and government a good Filipino obeys the law of the land and supports government programs. Patriotism a good Filipino places high regard for his/her country Promotion of common good a good Filipino puts the welfare of the greater number of people over his/her own.

MAKAKALIKASAN Concern for the environment a good Filipino conserves natural resources such as water, land and air.

ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS AND PROTECTION Republic Act 9275: March 22, 2004 An act of providing for a comprehensive water quality management and for other purposes

Republic Act 9003: January 26, 2001 An act of providing for an ecological solid waste management program, creating the necessary institutional mechanisms and incentives, declaring certain acts prohibited and providing penalties, appropriating funds thereof and for other purposes.

Republic Act 9275: March 22, 2004 An act of providing for a comprehensive water quality management and for other purposes

Republic Act 9275: March 22, 2004 An act of providing for a comprehensive water quality management and for other purposes

Republic Act 9275: March 22, 2004 An act of providing for a comprehensive water quality management and for other purposes

Republic Act 9275: March 22, 2004 An act of providing for a comprehensive water quality management and for other purposes

Republic Act 8749: June 23, 1999 Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999 An act of providing for a comprehensive air pollution control policy and for other purposes

Republic Act No. 9147 An act of providing for the conservation and protection, sale of wildlife resources and their habitats, appropriating funds therefore and for other purposes Republic Act No. 9175 An act regulating the ownership, possession, sale, importation and use of chainsaws, penalizing violations thereof and for other purposes

MOST PRESSING ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS Solid water management Climate change

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT is one of the various ecological challenges in the Philippines. It is how people control and solve challenges concerning solid waste.

Paradigm Shift Old Paradigm Old Paradigm is the conventional collection of waste. Starts from raw materials, used and became waste, and collected by the dump trucks going to the dumpsite. New Paradigm This is the alternative or new perspective explains that raw materials may be recycled or re-used. Segregating it is the process of separating biodegradable and non-biodegradable garbage Biodegradable is a type of waste which can be broken down in a reasonable amount of time, into its base compounds by micro-organisms and other living things regardless of what those compounds may be. Non- Biodegradable - refers to materials that do not break down naturally or take an inordinate amount of time to do so. These materials cannot be dissolved by bacteria, fungi and living organisms in the air, moisture climate soil.

Composting It is the process where biodegradable waste is placed in a certain tank or a hole for a certain time to let it decompose with the help of decomposers like yeasts, worms and molds. Types of Small Scale Composters Twin Pits dig into (1m x 1m x 1m) one-half meter apart. Put small twigs at the bottom and place a hollow tube for air inlet. It might take a month to fill each pit. Tower tires piles of old car tires directly on the ground and used as containers for composting. If tires are placed in cemented ground, line the bottom with soil. Bottomless composters old drums, cans, plastic water containers with the bottom off, even an old jute or rice sack with bottom seam ripped off and supported by 3 pegs or cheap post. Clay flower posts compost - Mostly ten flower pots. It will be turn by turn. Plastic Bag Containers this is line of plastic bags. It can be stack at the top of each other while waiting collection. Compost bins this is made from chicken wire or any durable basket material for small-scale composting. Its designed to adequately accommodate the necessary materials or ingredients and to allow access of air. Recycling Convert (waste) into reusable material. Return (material) to a previous stage in a cyclic process Is the most useful and helpful way of waste management. Non- biodegradable waste can be recycled by creating helpful and useful things. Can be a source of income.

BENEFITS OF PROPER WASTE DISPOSAL Sense of peace. Protection of Human Health. Alleviation of the dumpsite crisis. Slows down of depletion of the Earths resources. Additional Income.

CLIMATE CHANGE What is Climate? Describes the average conditions expected at a specific place at a given time. A region's climate is generated by the climate system, which has five components: atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, land surface, and biosphere. Climate may include precipitation, temperature, humidity, sunshine, wind velocity, phenomena such as fog, frost, and hail storms over a long period of time. By aggregates of weather statistics over periods of 30 years. Climate is defined as statistical weather information that describes the variation of weather at a given place for a specified interval.

What is Weather? Describes the atmospheric conditions at a specific place at a specific point in time. Weather generally refers to day-to-day temperature and precipitation activity. Weather includes sunshine, rain, cloud cover, winds, hail, snow, sleet, freezing rain, flooding, blizzards, ice storms, thunderstorms, steady rains from a cold front or warm front, excessive heat, heat waves and more. By collecting meteorological data, like air temperature, pressure, humidity, solar radiation, wind speeds and direction etc. Weather is the day-to-day state of the atmosphere, and its short-term (minutes to weeks) variation Climate Change Climate change is a significant and lasting change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns over periods ranging from decades to millions of years. It may be a change in average weather conditions, or in the distribution of weather around the average conditions Impacts of Climate Change AGRICULTURE too much or too little rain can lead to decrease in crop yield that can affect food supply HEALTH increase in number of cases of vector-borne diseases . Four examples of the vectors and the pathogens causing vector-borne diseases. Anopheles gambiae, the vector ofPlasmodium falciparum, which causes malaria (inset);

Aedes aegypti, the yellow fever mosquito, which transmits the dengue viruses (inset); Culicoides sonorensis, which transmits bluetongue viruses (inset); and Rhopalosiphum padi, the oat aphid, the vector of the barley yellow dwarf virus, which causes stunting with yellow color in wheat (inset). BIODIVERSITY certain species might not survive in areas where temperature is changing. This would lead to the change in the composition of species of a certain ecosystem Strategies that may address the Impacts of Climate Change Adaptation strategies refers to the adjustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects Mitigation strategies pertains to human intervention that address anthropogenic or human-induced emissions by sources and removal of all greenhouse gases (co2)

Drug Education Facts About Drug Abuse Despite the seemingly tamed and glamorized idea of drug use, it must be remembered that it can still lead to abuse, addiction, legal offenses, serious health problems, and even death. We must understand that there is no way to predict the effect that a drug can have on a person, especially if it is the first time they try it, and even regardless of dose and amount. Given that each persons brain and body chemistry are different, each person would also have a different tolerance for drugs. Drugs Drugs are chemicals that affect a person in such a way as to bring about physiological, emotional, or behavioral change. Dangerous drugs are those that have high tendency for abuse and dependency, these substances may be organic or synthetic, and pose harm to those who use them. Drug Abuse Drug abuse exists when a person continually uses a drug other than its intended purpose. This continued use can lead to drug dependence, a state of physical and psychological dependence or both on a dangerous drug. Drug Addiction Drug addiction is a complex, and often chronic, brain disease. It is characterized by execessive drug craving, seeking, and use. Addiction is caused by brain changes caused by constant drug use.

Dependency This is the state of physical and psychological dependence, or both, on a dangerous drug, or drugs, experienced by a person following the use of that substance on a periodic or continuous basis. A person dependent on drugs will experience withdrawal reactions (also known as cold turkey, symptoms that occur after long-term use of a drug is reduced or stopped abruptly) after abstaining from drugs. Drug Abuse: By the Numbers Estimated Drug Users in the Philippines: 1.7 Million Profile of Drug Users Mean Age: 28 years old Ratio of Male is to Female Users: 10:1 Civil Status: Single (58.21%) Employment Status: Unemployed Educational Attainment: High School Level Average Monthly Household Income: Php 16,290.80 Residence: Urban Areas Duration of Drug Use: More than 6 years Nature of Drug Use: Polydrug-use

Commonly Abused Substances: (1) Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu) (2) Cannabis (Marijuana) (3) Inhalants (Contact Cement) * Figure estimates from the DDB-conducted 2008 National Household Survey on the Nature and Extent of Drug Abuse in the Philippines. (Also see Research and Statistics.) Most commonly abused drugs in and their Ill Effects Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)

shabu2Methamphetamine hydrochloride is found to have harmful effects to the brain. It changes how the brain functions. Studies have shown that methamphetamine abusers have reduced motor skills and impaired verbal learning as a result of alterations in the activity of the dopamine, a neurotransmitter involved in reward, motivation, experience of pleasure and motor function. Street names: shabs, ice, meth, crystal, kristal, basura, tawas Other adverse effects of methamphetamine: Extreme weight loss Severe dental problems (meth mouth) Anxiety Confusion Insomnia Mood disturbances Violent behavior Cannabis Sativa (Marijuana) medical marijuana transplant GaronMarijuana use impairs a person's ability to form new memories and to shift focus. Its active component, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) also disrupts coordination and balance, posture, and reaction time (experience commonly referred to as spacing out). Thus, chronic marijuana use significantly reduces a persons capacity to learn, carry-out complicated tasks, participate in sports, driving and operating other machineries. Studies also show that marijuana use can lead to lung cancer and other problems in the respiratory and immune systems. Street names: weed, jutes, pot, grass, damo, chongke Health problems that come with the use of marijuana include: Problems with memory and learning Distorted perception(sights, sounds, time, touch) Trouble with thinking and problem solving Loss of motor coordination Increased heart rate and palpitations Inhalants

Inhalants The effects of inhalants are similar to that of alcohol, including slurred speech, lack of coordination, euphoria and dizziness. Inhalant abusers may also experience lightheadedness, hallucinations, and delusions. Harmful irreversible effects of inhalants include: Hearing loss Limb spasms Central nervous system or brain damage Bone marrow damage Signs of Drug Abuse 2149696743 ecfce8cbc2 b-266251The following are common signs of drug revealed by individual using drugs. While not all of these signs mean that one person is involved in drugs and there could be some other physical or emotional problem that is causing these behaviors, there is high chance that drug use may be a possibility: declining interest in school or work suddenly changes friends (hangs out with individuals known for their drug use) becomes pessimistic, irritable and anxious all the time asks to be left alone a lot is always tired (or makes it as an excuse to be left alone) becomes careless and often becomes involved in accidents becomes implicated in a lot of fights frequent mood swings sudden change in appearance and conduct (red or puffy eyes, weight changes, constant complaints of headaches or stomachaches, shaking, incessant cough, brown stains on fingertips, stumbling, or a constant runny nose) loss of interest in hobbies or sports exhibits poor judgment finds it difficult to concentrate

Helping Victims of Drug Abuse help-icon If you suspect that a friend is using drugs, talk to him or her. Let your friend know that you care. Talk to your parents, teacher, school counselor, or another trusted adult. Offer to go with your friend to his parents or a counselor for help. You alone can't make your friend stop doing drugs. It takes professional help. Counseling, treatment and rehabilitation are among the interventions that can help someone struggling with the compulsion to use drugs. You may contact us via this website and our social networking accounts or over the phone (+63929-1753) for other queries and means of helping a person recover from drug dependency. Words to Know Addiction - A person has an addiction when he becomes dependent on or craves a drug and believes he needs the drug to live. All an addicted drug user can think about is getting the next dose after getting high. Depressant - A depressant is a drug that slows a person down. Doctors prescribed depressants to help people be less angry, anxious, or tense. Depressants relax muscles and make people feel sleepy or like their head are stuffed. Hallucinogen - A hallucinogen is a drug, such as LSD, that changes a person's mood and makes him see, hear, or think things that aren't really there. Hallucinogens change the way a person feels time, making it seem to slow down. As the name implies, hallucinogens may cause hallucinations - this is when people think they see or hear imaginary people or things. High - A high is the feeling that drug users want to get when they take drugs. There are many types of high, including a spacey feeling, euphoria, or a feeling that a person has special powers, such as the ability to fly or see into the future. Stimulant - A stimulant speeds up a person's body and brain. Stimulants, such as methamphetamines, have the opposite effect of depressants. Usually stimulants make a person high energetic. When the effects of a stimulant wear off, a person will feel tired or sick.