Mill’s notion of Stationary State



The man is guided by his own choice and need to take responsibility for them. landlords.Mill’s notion of Stationary State Podgorica. equality of women. But the idea of progress has a deeper significance. the possibility that human intervention into the system could affect its outcomes was contemplated. Contrary to opposing views at the time. the stationary state was. in some cases still be above the individual. for the first time. because that choice for himself. He advocated public ownership of private resources. In his Principles of Political Economy (1848). could not be altered. free markets and private property rights. 2 . Mill’s notion of Stationary State In his 1848 book Principles of Political Economy. He has studied the socialist doctrine. february. year. and growth was thought to benefit all three great classes of society: capitalists. considered unwelcome. allowing the state to. and therefore was considered radical. compulsory education and birth control. whereas in all the earlier classical authors the system’s movements were seen as governed by internal "laws of motion" that. so he returned to France. Essay Mill’s notion of Stationary State About John Stuart Mill John Stuart Mill is one of the most prominent representatives of liberalism. In addition. It is undisputed that the Mill was a theorist who advocated a classical liberal principles of freedom and individual rights. but also in their learning and have the premise of collectivism. Mill sees the stationary state as an ideal condition for society. The basic idea of Mill's liberalism thinking about the idea of progress. And it civil and social liberties. Until John Stuart Mill. in Mill. and workers. Mill for the first time raised the possibility that the stationary state could be desirable (and economic growth undesirable). in an obscure and tiny chapter. A stationary state is one in which growth is neither positive nor negative. while they could be identified and interpreted. He was a member of the English Parliament since 1865. when he failed to be re-elected. 2013. like the declining state. until 1868. and that is freedom. John Stuart Mill discussed the costs and benefits of economic growth in terms that remain salient and compelling today. one of his grandest visions of the future: the stationary state. and he actively worked to improve the position of the working class. John Stuart Mill in his treaties on the Principles of Political Economy discusses. He was born in London 1806th year. Society has no right to interfere with a man's choice.

literally. ‘But in contemplating any progressive movement. Production drains the capital stock necessitating replenishment. is that same notion. Capital has to expand its values in order to accumulate the 3 . The sum of this would result in a prudent society making sensible choices. there to be a point or an end so that material progress is inextricably connected with human selfrealization. Adhering to a philosophical anthropology which is concerned with human growth. and population produces more mouths to feed. incidentally. Mill saw a different view of this stationary state however. When our individual income flow is no longer growing and we are stationary with our individual lifestyle the question arises as to how we want to live our life under these circumstances.Mill’s notion of Stationary State In the stationary state. a growth with out end. would be characterized by the pursuit of higher pleasures. These two factors will forcefully balance out in the long run. • population and • the productive arts. for society. Instead. but amuck larger body of persons than at present. society. Instead. except what were earned and accumulated during a single life-time. the population growth would conclusion that everyone would live on subsistence wages. The system lacks moral purpose and is nihilistic in being. from mechanical details. Mill viewed that moral restraint and birth control could result in a sustainable population. Mill sees concept of growth as composed of three interacting elements: • capital. Mill acknowledges ‘the economical progress of society’ in terms of capital’s population and the productive arts. not in its nature unlimited. The quality of the mode of life would continuously improve. to cultivate freely the graces of life. but sufficient leisure. Society would be characterized by ‘a well-paid and affluent body of laborers. It is the relationship of these three variables that distinguish how a society may culture its prudence. and afford examples of them to the classes less favorably circumstanced for their growth. an endless growth. the means and distribution. wages to be earned and jobs to be attained. no enormous fortunes. The stationary state. resting on harmonious relations. Subsistence wages was a result of society allowing itself to end population growth by what could be considered the state’s carrying capacity. not only exempt from the coarser toils. The reasons for this deviation can be understood by the fact incomes only generate a means to some end. the mind is not satisfied with merely tracing the laws of the movement. socio-economic differentiation and class struggle would recede along with the money grubbing and drudgery associated with market society. This brings up three key elements to Mill’s view of how to make the stationary state a beneficial end: the culture. it cannot but ask the further question of what goal? Towards what ultimate point is society tending by its industrial progress Mill’s question presumes that there is a point to economic development. both physical and mental.

. Workers would be educated to realize the negative effects of population growth. He also pointed out that his analysis applied only to the presently industrialized nations. and environmental concerns. Mill's challenge us to view material prosperity as simply one means of serving desired ends. Green. & Co. and they would control their numbers voluntarily. Mill’s reasoning is a call for balance. Literature: Mill. This imperative to expand colonists every aspect of society. 1888. S. Podgorica 2002. treće izdanje. It is clinging to false tradeoffs that paralyzes our thought and prevents us from turning the possible into the real.Mill’s notion of Stationary State capital necessary for the process to begin again. Instead. when minds cease to be engrossed by the art of getting on. thus making the distinction between quantitative growth and qualitative development. and that what would later be called "developing" countries have not yet reached the level of economic well-being necessary to turn to zero growth. He believed that after a period of growth. and moral and social progress. Once we achieve this transformation of thought. the economy would reach a stationary state. On the contrary. developed the idea of the steady state economy in the mid-19th century. Mill was sure to note that a “stationary condition of capital and population implies no stationary state of human improvement”.” Mill’s concept of the stationary state is not an invitation to demonize economic growth or to view the cessation of growth as a primary means of achieving desired social ends. Longsmans.. The task is to reject the narrative in which growth is seen as an overarching goal that trumps all other social. As population growth reached a stationary stage. Političke i pravne teorije. There would be as much scope as ever for all kinds of mental culture. environmental sustainability. Conclusion John Stuart Mill. as much room for improving the Art of Living and much more likelihood of its being improved. In the ideal stationary state. Principle of Political Economy with some of their applications to Social Philosophy . The capital system must continuously expand its values or die. characterized by constant population and stocks of capital. J. and social justice seems more achievable. Radonjić R. the vision of a future characterized by material sufficiency. His words eloquently describe the positive nature of such an economic system: „It is scarcely necessary to remark that a stationary condition of capital and population implies no stationary state of human improvement. moral. society would have achieved a sufficiently high level of wealth accumulation. There is no end to this process other than further growth. 4 . there would be no tendency for wages to fall and no reason for further growth in production. This endless growth derives from the capital system and its central dynamic of accumulation. London.