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POWER SPLITTERS
Typical Performance Data For TCP-2-10
Frequency (MHz)
5.00 7.00 10.00 100.00 190.00 370.00 550.00 730.00 910.00 1000.00

®

SUGGESTED PCB LAYOUT FOR TCP-2-10

Insertion Loss (dB) (dB) S-1 S-2
3.10 3.10 3.10 3.16 3.20 3.26 3.36 3.43 3.54 3.66 3.33 3.30 3.29 3.30 3.34 3.40 3.46 3.49 3.55 3.65

Amplitude Unbalance (dB)
0.23 0.20 0.19 0.14 0.14 0.13 0.10 0.06 0.01 0.01

Isolation (dB)
30.15 31.40 32.26 30.00 27.03 23.32 21.68 21.37 23.06 25.28

Phase Unbalance (dB)
0.98 0.82 0.60 0.15 0.45 0.88 1.23 1.41 1.63 1.74

VSWR S
1.05 1.04 1.04 1.06 1.09 1.14 1.15 1.11 1.05 1.07

VSWR 1
1.28 1.23 1.20 1.10 1.09 1.06 1.05 1.04 1.11 1.17

VSWR 2
1.17 1.15 1.14 1.12 1.12 1.10 1.06 1.02 1.08 1.14

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Typical Performance Data For TCP-2-10-75
Frequency (MHz)
5.00 10.00 100.00 300.00 500.00 700.00 800.00 900.00 950.00 1000.00

Insertion Loss (dB) (dB) S-1 S-2
3.13 3.12 3.16 3.25 3.32 3.41 3.46 3.54 3.63 3.64 3.50 3.38 3.38 3.38 3.27 3.27 3.32 3.40 3.46 3.52

Amplitude Unbalance (dB)
0.37 0.26 0.22 0.14 0.04 0.14 0.15 0.14 0.16 0.11

Isolation (dB)
24.98 27.65 28.67 27.92 29.42 29.83 27.04 24.10 22.90 21.81

Phase Unbalance (deg.)
0.43 0.22 0.07 0.24 0.56 0.68 0.70 0.66 0.63 0.56

VSWR S
1.04 1.02 1.04 1.14 1.20 1.22 1.22 1.21 1.21 1.20

VSWR 1
1.17 1.15 1.14 1.20 1.20 1.30 1.31 1.30 1.32 1.35

VSWR 2
1.38 1.26 1.20 1.18 1.16 1.19 1.22 1.23 1.23 1.23

SUGGESTED PCB LAYOUT FOR TCP-2-10-75

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Typical Performance Data For TCP-2-25
Frequency (MHz)
200.00 346.67 640.00 1080.00 1373.33 1520.00 1813.33 2106.67 2400.00 2523.08

Insertion Loss (dB) (dB) S-1 S-2
3.56 3.59 3.70 3.73 3.78 3.74 3.75 3.78 3.78 3.83 3.54 3.56 3.61 3.54 3.52 3.45 3.39 3.39 3.38 3.44

Amplitude Unbalance (dB)
0.01 0.03 0.08 0.19 0.26 0.29 0.35 0.39 0.40 0.39

Isolation (dB)
16.61 17.48 18.59 20.91 22.17 22.38 21.59 19.71 17.51 16.64

Phase Unbalance (deg.)
0.32 0.54 0.87 1.22 1.46 1.52 1.72 1.96 2.42 2.60

VSWR S
1.96 1.94 1.90 1.85 1.77 1.73 1.57 1.44 1.23 1.19

VSWR 1
1.54 1.55 1.62 1.68 1.73 1.73 1.77 1.81 1.90 1.88

VSWR 2
1.53 1.54 1.68 1.60 1.62 1.63 1.63 1.67 1.75 1.74

SUGGESTED PCB LAYOUT FOR TCP-2-25

POWER SPLITTERS

PIN CONFIGURATIONS
SUM PORT PORT 1 PORT 2 GROUND SHORT RESISTOR: CAPACITOR 1.5pF

TCP-2-10
6 3 4 1 2,5 100Ω 3,4 2 To GND / 5 To GND

TCP-2-10-75
6 3 4 1 2,5 150Ω 3,4 5 To GND

TCP-2-25
6,5,2 3 4 1 475Ω 3,4 -

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Operating Temperature: -20°C to 85°C, Storage Temperature: -55°C to 100°C

CASE STYLE DRAWINGS & DIMENSIONS (INCH)
CASE STYLE DB714

®
DENOTES METALLIZATION DENOTES SOLDER MASK
WT GRAMS:

.15

DENOTES METALLIZATION FOR DEVICE SOLDERING

ISO 9001 CERTIFIED

Fig. 6

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Brooklyn.49 1. 3 Fig. with resulting high performance repeatability. which makes the construction very rugged. 3.minicircuits.25 1.00 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 FREQUENCY (MHz) FREQUENCY (MHz) Fig.5 0. as the name implies. Max. 25 17 24 14 AMPLITUDE UNBALANCE (dB) L Max. resistor and capacitor should be of 0805 size. 3.15 Conclusion Three power splitters have been introduced to operate over 5-2500 MHz. Circuit board layout plays an important part in the performance of the splitter. 0.1 Block Schematic of a Power Splitter 3.6 1. These splitters are designed to need only commercially available low-cost off-the-shelf chip resistors and capacitors as external components. 21 16 30 16 0.5pF.0 (dB) PHASE UNBALANCE (Deg.99 M❖ Typ.35 TCP-2-10 VSWR INSERTION LOSS (dB) signal into two parts.1:1. The insertion loss of the splitter is typically 0. Qty. TCP-2-10 and TCP-2-25 are designed for 50 ohm. a matching section. The chip resistor should have a nominal value of 100.com see us on the web www. Fig 2 is a typical photo of the splitters and Table 1 gives the specifications.70 TCP-2-10 INSERTION LOSS 1.30 3. as well as preventing any disconnection during reflow.9 1. Min. 4 6 Performance of the Splitter Mini-Circuits has introduced three splitters covering the frequency range of 5 to 2500 MHz. Typ. Box 350166. This helps to ensure preciseness of the assembly.5 dB above the 3 dB split over the band. Typ. Typ. for compactness.10 Construction of the “TCP” device TCP-series splitters use one magnetic core transmission line transformer for power division and another similar transformer for matching. Mini-Circuits is working to satisfy these goals and has introduced a new splitter series to satisfy the demands of the market. 0.com ISO 9001 CERTIFIED . 25 16 29 19 18 10 U L M❖ U Typ. Due to all-welded connections the splitters are very rugged.3 0.3 0.5 5-1000 5-1000 200-2500 ❖ When only specification for M range given. 0. New York 11235-0003 (718) 934-4500 Fax (718) 332-4661 For quick access to product information see MINI-CIRCUITS CATALOG & WEB SITE The Design Engineers Search Engine Provides ACTUAL Data Instantly From MINI-CIRCUITS At: www. The leads are solder plated for excellent solderability. to divide the input TCP-2-10 ISOLATION 35 30 RF-Out #1 RF-In R1 RF-Out #2 Matching Section C1 Divider Fig.5 1.40 1.3 M❖ Max. which is typically 25dB over the band. Max. 150.minicircuits. a resistor R1 and a capacitor C1. The function of the divider section is.2 Price $ ea. frequency. It consists of a divider section.) L Max.20 1. Min. Resistor R1 helps provide wide-band isolation between the two RF output ports. The matching section together with capacitor C1 performs wide-band matching at all ports.40 VSWR The external components. They are realized using magnetic cores.50 1. Min. and 475 ohms for TCP-2-10.6 0. Fig 4 shows the isolation vs.05 1. and are designed for automated manufacturing to achieve low overall cost. The matching and divider sections are integrated into a single unit. and TCP-2-10-75 is for 75 ohm characteristic impedance. 2 ISOLATION (dB) 25 20 15 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 FREQUENCY (MHz) Fig. suggested layouts as shown in Fig 6 should be used.8 U Max. Further cost reduction is obtained by designing the unit to work with a low-cost off-the-shelf chip resistor and capacitor used as external components. 4 4 6 U Max. The capacitor should be of NPO type with a nominal value of 1. and TCP-2-25 respectively. The next section describes the splitter. TCP-2-10 TCP-2-10-75 TCP-2-25 Table 1 INSERTION LOSS (dB) ABOVE 3. S-1 3.6 0. The product has been designed to be fabricated in automated set-ups which helps lower the cost. (25-49) 1.6 0. 5 ® TM P. Denotes 75 ohm model L=low range [ fL to 10 fL ] M=mid range [10fL to fU /2 ] U=upper range [fU /2 to fU ] What Constitutes a Power Splitter Fig 1 is the block schematic of a two-way power splitter. Fig 5 shows VSWR vs.20 1. All connections from the transformers to the header are made by welding.10 S-2 1. frequency at all three ports. There is a continuing demand to reduce the cost and increase the performance and quality at the same time.99 1. which is typically 1. The base of the device is plastic with embedded leads. specification applies to entire frequency range.4 0. and are herein afterwards called the splitter.O.30 3. The matching and divider sections form the heart of the splitter. MODEL NO. Max.3 0.00 3. In order to minimize parasitic effects. The transformers share a common structure.3 0.4 0.3 0. 4 Fig. FREQ. 6 3 M❖ Max.6 1. Fig 3 shows the insertion loss of TCP-2-10.9 0. 3.60 S-VSWR #1-VSWR #2-VSWR 1. TCP-2-10-75.® DO-IT-YOURSELF LOW COST POWER SPLITTERS ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS Introduction Ever expanding applications of RF and Microwaves for Wireless and Cable applications have revived the development efforts of components at these frequencies. RANGE (MHz) ISOLATION (dB) L Typ.9 1.