......1 2.0Plot of maximum rainfall depth against duration of rainfall on log-log graph...............2 Bibliography........................................................................................................................3

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ii . The data was plotted on a loglog graph to show this relationship. It includes a brief discussion on the relationship between the intensity and duration of rainfall.Introduction This assignment is based on the amount of rainfall – duration relationship of rainfall from a station at the botanical gardens in Georgetown.

The analysis of rainfall data for computation of expected rainfall of a given frequency is commonly done by utilizing different probability distributions. Accurate prediction of soil erosion requires rainfall intensity data with a high temporal resolution. these data needs to be analyzed in different ways depending on the problem under consideration. D is the duration of rainfall (in hr) and K and X are constants.1. Further. Most runoff and soil erosion models take into account rainfall intensity. The relationship between rainfall intensity and duration can be expressed in the equation: R = K DX or linearly in the logarithm form log R = log K + x log D. For example. it is required to analyze the data covering long periods and recorded at various locations to obtain reliable information. the analysis of consecutive days of rainfall is more relevant for drainage design of agricultural lands. since high temporal resolution data are usually not available. whereas analysis of weekly rainfall data is more useful for planning cropping pattern as well as water management practices than that of monthly. since higher storm intensities lead to greater runoff and losses of soil due to erosion. 1 . As the distribution of rainfall varies over space and time. seasonal and annual data. where: R is the depth of rain (in inches).0 Relationship between rainfall Intensity and Duration Rainfall analysis for any region is essential in the planning and design of irrigation and drainage systems and the overall programme of command area development. This places a restriction on the simulation of soil erosion.

44x 0. Rainfall-Duration Relationship 100.0 Plot of maximum rainfall depth against duration of rainfall on log-log graph.7 68.70 Duration (h) 0.1 1 10 Duration (h) 100 1000 Figure 2. Maximum data condition from a station at the botanical garden Rainfall (mm) 28.00 y = 1.00 0.23 Rainfall (inches) 10.4 63.4 40.00 1.5 1 2 6 24 The rainfall (inches) was plotted against duration (h) on a graph with both scales being logarithm as follows.11 1.5 Rainfall (inches) 1.59 2.51 2.59 1.2 40.2.1 2 .

HYDRO: A Programme for frequency analysis of rainfall data.org/publish/ag/0603/june03agl. and Kumar.X1) = (log 3-log 2)/ (log 24-log 4) = 0. A.23. [Online].pdf 3 .Y1) / (X2 . A.log D or alternatively as.44 D 0. Engineering Hydrology. Two points were chosen from the best fit line to calculate its gradient and intercept. 1990 Islam.23.ieindia.log 4 = 1. R = 1.44 From the following calculations it was found that the relationship between the rainfall and duration could be expressed logarithmically as log R = log 1. X1 = log 4 and Y2 = log 3. E. London. Macmillan Press Ltd.44 + 0. 4th ed.23 Comparing to equation of a straight line log 2 = log K + 0.1. M.23.A best fit line was generated through the plotted points as shown in figure 2. X2 = log 24 And therefore gradient is (Y2 .log 4 therefore log K = log 2 – 0.Available:http://www. Their coordinates were as follows: Y1 = log 2.23 Bibliography Wilson.