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What is an "aperture?

It's formed by a ring of metal blades Aperture is referred to the lens diaphragm (A thin sheet of material forming a partition.) opening inside a photographic lens. The size of the diaphragm opening in a camera lens REGULATES amount of light passes through onto the film inside the camera the moment when the shutter curtain in camera opens during an exposure process. The size of an aperture in a lens can either be a fixed or the most popular form in an adjustable type (like an SLR camera). Aperture size is usually calibrated in f-numbers or f-stops. i.e. those little numbers engraved on the lens barrel like f22 (f/22),16 (f/16), f/11, f/8.0, f/5.6, f/4.0, f/2.8, f/2.0, f/1.8 etc. Each of this value represents one time the amount of light either more or less in quantity. Meaning to say, f/16 will let in 1X the amount of light than a diaphragm opening of f/22 and so forth; while on the other hand, an aperture of f/4.0 will let in 1X lesser than that of f/2.8 etc. Note: the diaphragm blades inside this manual focus Canon FD lens control the amount of light passing through the lens that eventually hitting to the film during an exposure process. The 'amount', or simply explained in layman term - opening changes according to selection of aperture (f/number). In this case, it is indicated by the f-numbers that imprinted on the lens barrel.

Reminder: - the key to an theoretical good EXPOSURE = Aperture + Shutter speed Aperture value(s): lens section f/64, f/32, f/22, f/16, f/11, f/8.0, f/5.6, f/4.0, f/2.8, f/2.0, f/1.8/f1.4 etc. Control via the

Shutter speed(s): 1/8000, 1/4000, 1/2000, 1/1000, 1/500, 1/250, 1/125, 1/60, 1/30, 1/15, 1/8, 1/4, 1/2, 1 sec, etc. Control via the Camera section

Exposure The bigger the aperture, the brighter the photo will be, because more light is allowed on to the sensor. But shutter speed also affects the exposure, and the two things work reciprocally. As light enters through the aperture, the shutter speed determines for how long it can pass into the camera (introductory article - what is shutter speed?). The combined effect produces the exposure value for your image. It's really easy to get the hang of this system, which will give you a lot more creative control over the camera. But what is aperture measured by?

Aperture and Depth of field The depth of field of a photograph has a really big impact on the character of an image. Depth of field refers to the area of sharp focus, which extends a given amount behind and in front of the actual point you focus the camera on. Sometimes, as with landscapes, you'll want a large depth of field, other times, often when shooting people, a small depth of field can intensify the subject.

How to use aperture to influence depth of field? Simple - The smaller the aperture, the greater the depth of field and vice versa. I don't know how technically accurate this is, but I think of it as kind of like squinting! A big aperture takes in loads of light and flattens out the image, whilst a narrow aperture sort of squints to see deeper into the scene and pick up more detail. Also, bear in mind that the closer you stand to your main point of focus, the shallower the potential depth of field becomes. So that's it. Hope it helped. What is aperture? It's one half of the system, along with shutter speed, that allows you to control exposure, and it determines the depth of field.

What is shutter speed? The aperture diaphragm of a lens (bigger or smaller values) AND timing (open and close) of the camera's shutter curtain - BOTH perform the tasks of regulating the amount of light entering the camera and expose onto the film. The shutter speed scales engraved on the shutter speed dial of conventional camera bodies with a shutter speed ring OR via some flickering digital numerals on the LCD screen like: 1/8000, 1/4000, 1/1000, 1/500, 1/250, 1/125, 1/60, 1/30, 1/15, 1/8, 1/4, 1/2, 1 or -1, -2 etc. are essentially indicators of the duration (timing) at which the shutter curtain opens up and closes during an exposure process. A 1/125 setting means the shutter curtain open and close within one hundred and twenty five of a second while 1 means an one full-second the shutter opens up during exposure to absorb the available light source onto the film to form an exposure. The shutter speed dial provide the selection of shutter speeds, and indicates the timing of the shutter open and closes. A fast shutter speed such as 1/500 sec will close faster than, say 1/2 sec exposure time. In this case, the shutter curtain will close very fast and thus resulting in less light entering the film

Depth of field Is the amount of distance between the nearest and farthest objects that appear in acceptably sharp focus in a photograph. A preferred selection Depth of field ("DOF") in a focused subject in an image can be quite subjective. Remember this, adequate selection of DOF for one situation, application may be unacceptable for another photographer. It is all a matter of personal preference when trying to determine the appropriate use of DOF to enhance an effect in a photograph. In simpler term, we define depth of field as the zone of sharpest focus in front of, behind, and around the subject on which, when lens is focused on a specific subject; with TTL (through the lens) SLR camera, DOF can be previewed in the viewfinder of a camera - the preview is very handy for critical type of work. For an example, when taking a product shot, when you require absolute certain if DOF is adequate to cover the object you intend to photograph Generally, the closer the subject to the camera, the more evenly with the distribution of depth of field in front and behind the subject. As distance of focus extends, DOF usually will be more behind than in front of the focused area.