EDUCATION AND SOCIALIZATION In the sense that education is a lifelong process, socialization is also a continuous process of learning.

Both are concerned with the development of man and society. While they complement one another, education, especially formal education may be viewed as a narrower term because it is concerned with the accomplishment of certain goals. Socialization begins within the intimate relationships in the home. Next to the family the most potent and effective socializing agent is the classroom the natural extension of the home. The school is, in itself, a social system. The Three Levels of Life 1. The vegetative level refers to the embryo and early infancy. It is characterized by preoccupation with food 2. The animal level is characterized by desires for sex and reproduction. At this stage, man is no different from animals in his need for food and sex. 3. The human level implies the attainment of a personality we refer to as a “human Socialization begins within the intimate relationships in the home. Next to the being ”.It implies the assimilation of behavior, attitudes and values society considers important and necessary to the well-being of the group. He becomes a “person” as differentiated form the term” individual”. A newborn child is not yet a person but an organism to be developed into a human being in the process of socialization. The newborn child possesses the potentials for developing into highly desirable human being. It is the sacred responsibility of the socializing agencies especially the home and the school, to imbue this child with the necessary abilities to bring him up to the human level where spiritual, moral, cultural and humanistic values are the ultimate purpose of his being. Socialization may be defined in various ways:  the process whereby one internalizes the norms and standards of the group among one who lives so that a distinct “self” emerges unique to this individual’  the process of entering the human being… into the secrets of society. It is the process in which a number of minor miracles occur; the animal becomes a human being, sheer behavior is transformed into conduct, the individual as an organic unit becomes a person, self-aware and be able to guide his conduct in terms of increasingly subtle cues that signal other’s expectations. “Generalized other” by George Herbert Meade It refers to the child’s conception of other people or the way he looks at other which depends on his evaluation of the attitudes, expectations and performance of others belonging to his immediate group He learns to imitate sounds, symbols and behavior. Through the repetition of certain sounds like crying, he learns how to get what he wants .He learns other symbolic actions like smiling and twisting his tongue or opening and closing his eyes in certain ways to bring about certain reactions from people around him When such things are no longer sufficient for his needs, language becomes necessary for the effective communication of his thoughts, ideas and desires .His parents give what they have in terms of their knowledge, prejudices and passions. Values of right and wrong are

 serves in transmitting the culture of the group. and a sense of what is proper and improper in interpersonal relations. To some extent deviance represents a failure in socialization. sex. literature. This can be quiet clearly seen in the case of homosexuality. The committed and sympathetic teacher can do a lot to avoid the development of the socially conditioned homosexual. religious and ethical beliefs. This individual is considered anti-social or deviant. In some cases.  seeks to create within the students a commitment to perform tasks which need doing  teaches social awareness and accountability for one’s faults and actions. This is based on  The understanding of how we look at others  The notion of the way in which others judge the image that we think they perceive  The interpretation of the importance and meaning of the judgment of others It can happen that an individual may not wish or cannot conform to his given role and fails in the expectation of society. School has these functions:  where he extends the range of his human contacts and prepares himself to deal with the large community or the world.As he the self through a gradual and complicated process. He should be treated with understanding and care through guidance and counseling. There is no proof that the homosexual has any generic or glandular abnormality . occupation or achievement. “The looking-glass self “(Cooley) The process of discovering the self from the reactions of others .inculcated in the consciousness of the child.His childhood socialization has left him with a perverse liking for a sexual relationship with his own sex. marriage. homosexuality may result from the parent’s attempt to satisfy their desire for the sex of the child they want. . values. its values. arts. THE SCHOOL AND SOCIALIZATION In the course of life the child is likely to range far beyond his family to new values and new ways of behaving.  encourages and develops group participation and teaches conflicting values like competition and cooperation. history. otherwise. he is punished. he also begins to assess and re-assess how people react to him. It designates the standing or position of the individual in a social group. music. birth.  where he comes in contact and relates with many others belonging to his age level. its language. He finds out that he has no choice but to accept them as part of himself.  Socializes the individual towards humanism STATUS AND ROLE as KEY to SOCIALIZATION Status is the position a person occupies in society by virtue of his age.

secretaries and others . The activities and organizations of the school reinforce role and status expectations and values. his classmates. . In group activities and group games the youth learn the appropriate behavior of a member. Moreover. son. but is left open to competition and individual from effort.Each of these people have roles to perform in accordance with their status Unlike in the family. In the school. there the teacher. husband or wife.. sister or brother. grandparent. He enters school as a student. youth. Each carries a particular role which. its members must act the way they should act as members of society. Social order and social control are taught to the young in the school. is defined by the folkways and the mores of the particular society to which one belongs. Ascribed status is the position assigned to an individual without reference to his innate differences and abilities. maturity and senility. otherwise. If society is to function effectively and efficiently. the security guards. Social control is the means by which people are led to fill their expected roles. he becomes a part of a wider and larger group. This is one reason why schools have rules and regulations. the socialization of the child in the school is conditioned by the ties between the school and the home.There are many things we do not want to do but which we must do. The successful management of the classroom may be attributed to the teacher’s ability to maintain order and discipline. the clerks. so that as mature individuals they become desirable members of the society . the principal. SOCIAL ORDER AND SOCIAL CONTROL Unless one knows almost exactly how an individual will behave. there will be chaos in the society. race and sex are statuses which are dependent on biological conditions while king. act or react under a certain stimulus. It is assigned to an individual from birth. queen. These are necessary because in most cases the student’s orientation in the home may be varied and what was taught to them may not conform to the teacher’s expectations. Age.Common age statuses are infancy. while other members are father. 2. the individual identifies his status as child. Whether the child is receptive in school or not depends on his orientation in the family. Achieved status requires special qualities. As a child matures. which is a controlled environment. or daughter. Linton refers to it as “the sum total of the culture patterns associated with a particular status”. Within the family circle in the intimate relationship among its members. learning cannot take place effectively. mother. in turn. there are school rules and regulations which are formalized.Two forms of Status 1. childhood. Role refers to the part the individual is expected to play in his social group. This can be identified and predicted from birth and which we are born or which we inherit. nobility bestowed by inheritance are good examples .

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