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Answer Key

included
Bilingual
guidebook
of speaking
and writing
activities
for Korean
learners of
North American
English

Easy Speaking
and Writing
Guide for
Basic Grammar

Answer Key
included
Bilingual
guidebook
of speaking
and writing
activities
for Korean
learners of
North American
English
Easy Speaking
and Writing
Guide for
Basic Grammar
cambridge university press
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iii
Contents
How to use this book v
Guide Guide title Grammar focus
Related units in
Basic Grammar
in Use
Function
Related Test in
Test Preparation
Page
1 About me be /
present simple

1-2 / 5-7,
24D
asking and giving personal information

writing about yourself

TOEIC

Part 5 2
2 What are you
doing?
present continuous
/
can
3-4 / 31 asking and replying about what you are
doing
writing a blog post
NEAT 3 4
3 My life present simple
/
5-7, 24D /
104
describing personality
writing about daily activities

IELTS Speaking
Part 1
6
4 What does he
look like?
present simple
/
have & have got
5-7, 24D /
9
describing a persons appearance

writing about differences between you and
someone else

TOEIC

Part 5 8
5 I had a really bad
day.
simple past

10-12 giving an excuse


describing a day in the past

IELTS Speaking 10
6 What were you
doing?
simple past
/
past continuous

10-14 talking about the past



describing a past situation or scene

WPT, IELTS
General Training,
Cambridge First
Certificate
12
7 Have we met
before?
used to /
present perfect

15-17, 19-21 introductions


comparing past and present

IELTS Speaking
Part 3
14
8 My experience present perfect
/
simple past

16-17, 19-21 /
10-12
asking and replying about past experience

writing a postcard
TOEIC

Part 5 16
9 The Eiffel Tower
was built in 1889.
passive

22-23, 24B,
1
asking and replying about when
something is done

describing a process

IELTS Academic
Writng Part 1
18
10 Im going out
with Chris on
Saturday.
future

26-29 asking and replying about future plans



writing a business memo about future plans

TOEIC

,
G-TELP
20
11 What will happen
in the future?
future

26-29 asking and replying about predictions



writing about predictions

IELTS 22
12 What can you do? can /
future
31 / 26-29 asking and replying about abilities

comparing abilities in the past and now

TOEIC

&
IELTS Speaking
24
13 You must be
hungry.
modals 24, 28-35,
41-43, 52A
guessing
describing obligations
TOEFL

, IELTS
Writing
26
14 What would you
like to do?
would like to 35-36 offering
accepting or refusing offers

TOEFL


Speaking Task 1
28
15 Dont do it. imperatives

37 giving commands or orders



instructions
TOEIC

Part 5 30
16 Theres a movie
on Channel 10.
there & it 38-39 asking and replying about what is on TV
TV
describing a neighborhood or hometown

IELTS Speaking 32
17 So did I. so do I /
can
43 / 31 agreeing and disagreeing

describing similarities

TOEIC

Part 5 34
iv
Contents
Guide Guide title Grammar focus
Related units in
Basic Grammar
in Use
Function
Related Test in
Test Preparation
Page
18 She didnt dance,
but she sang!
negatives
/
questions

44 / 45-48 asking about various things



writing interview questions

OPIc 36
19 Do you know
where it is?
indirect questions

50 asking politely
asking for advice
TOEIC

L/C
Part 2
38
20 Jane said she
would visit you
soon.
reported speech

51 reported speech

TOEIC

Part 5 40
21 Im going out to
get some fresh air.
to & -ing 52-55 giving reasons or purposes

TOEIC

Part 5 42
22 Did you have a
good flight?
go, get, do, have 56-59 responding to bad news

writing about your vacation

IELTS Speaking
Part 1
44
23 Whose is it? pronouns &
possessives

60-63, 65 asking and replying about possessions

writing about animals

TOEIC

Part 5 46
24 A carton of milk nouns

68-69 making a shopping list and talking about it



writing a recipe

TOEFL


Writing
48
25 Whats in my
room?
articles

66-74 describing your room



writing about likes and dislikes

Cambridge First
Certificate
50
26 How about this
one?
pronouns /
determiners
75-77 /
83-85
shopping
asking and replying about various things

TOEIC

Part 5 52
27 At the Lost and
Found
adjectives &
adverbs

86-87 describing an object
describing a situation or a scene

TOEIC

&
IELTS Writing
54
28 The biggest
animal in the
world
comparatives &
superlatives

88-91 asking and replying about the best/
biggest/fastest, etc.
writing about changes in opinions

IELTS Speaking 56
29 Thats too
expensive!
enough & too 92-93 shopping
writing a review
TOEIC

Part 5 58
30 Do you often
drink coffee?
adverbs
/
conjunctions

87 / 98-101 asking and replying about lifestyles



writing about hobbies

TOEIC

&
IELTS Speaking
60
31 If I had a super
power
conditionals

100-101 talking about hypothetical situations

giving advice
TOEIC

&
IELTS Writing
62
32 Gustave Eiffel
is the architect
who
relative clauses

102-103 defining and explaining



writing about famous people

TOEIC

&
IELTS Writing
64
33 Where is it? prepositions

104-112 describing locations of things



comparing and describing differences

TOEIC

Part 5 66
34 Im sorry about
that.
prepositional
phrases
+ -ing
+
113-114 talking about troubles

writing about yourself

IELTS Academic
Writng Task 1
68
35 Put your hands
up!
phrasal verbs

113-116 describing actions
writing about habits
TOEIC

&
IELTS Speaking
70
Activities for Speaker B 72
Answer Key 76
v
How to use this book
Basic Grammar in Use
. 4~8
TOEIC IELTS

.
(guide)
, .
.
.
Speaking Pair Work .
,
.
Group Work
. Speech ,
.
Speaking ,
.
Writing
.
, .
, . ,
.
,

. Test Preparation
.
Basic Grammar in Use
.
Julien Sanghyo Park

, (TESOL)
. YBM .
.
Julien Sanghyo Park studied Linguistics and Education in the U
.
K
.
and the U
.
S
.
and holds an
MA in Education (TESOL option) from California State University
.
She currently teaches at various
locations both online and offline, including Hansei University and YBM Cyber Language School
.
She has also written several ELT textbooks
.
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

age ,
favorite
,
hometown
,
interests
,
interested in

marital status

nationality
G U I D E
2
1
Speaking
Step 1 Fill in the table about yourself. .
Your Name:
age
marital status
nationality
hometown
job
fathers job
mothers job
favorite color
favorite sports
interests
Step 2 Role PlaY Answer the following questions in full sentences.
.
1. Whats your name?
2. How old are you?
3. Are you married?
4. Where are you from?
5. What do you do?
6. What does your father do?
7. What does your mother do?
8. Whats your favorite color?
9. What are you interested in?
Step 3 PaiR WoRk With your partner, take turns asking and answering the questions.
.
About me
teSt pRepaRatiOn
In tests such as TOEIC

, some questions may ask you to choose


the appropriate form of the verb be to complete the sentence.
Can you answer the question below? be
. .
The sale of soft drinks in schools a growing problem.
A. am C. are
B. is D. be
'
(soft drink) (sale)
(a growing
problem)'
, sale
.
he she
,

G U I D E
3
1
WRiting
Step 1 Look at the model paragraph of a self-introduction. .
My name is So-young Lee. Im from Korea. Im a high school student.
My school is in Seoul. Seoul is the capital* of Korea. Its a big city. I am
17 years old. My birthday is March 14. I have a little brother. His name is
Ki-ho. He is nine years old. My father is a teacher. My mother is a nurse.
Im interested in soccer. My favorite player is Ji-sung Park.
*capital
Step 2 Fill in the blanks with your information and complete the paragraph.
.
My name is . Im from . Im a .
My is in . is .
Its a . I am years old. My birthday is
. I have a . name is
. is years old. My father
is a . My mother is a . Im interested in
. My favorite is .
Step 3 WRitiNg JouRNal Rewrite the whole paragraph in your writing journal.
Step 2 .
" "?
' ' .
'I work for a trading company.' 'I work for Google.'
. 'I work for the government.' .
:
.
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

actually
call someone back

in an hour

G U I D E
4
What are you doing?
Speaking
Step 1 Look at the model dialogue below and practice the sentences.
.
(on the telephone)
Speaker A: Hello, Lisa. This is Tom. What are you doing?
Speaker B: Hello, Tom. Actually, Im having dinner now.
Can I call you back later?
Speaker A: Sure. No problem.
Step 2 Role PlaY Work with a partner. One is Speaker A; the other is Speaker B. Choose
an activity, time, and response and practice as in the model below. A B
. , , .
activity time Response
having dinner later Sure. No problem.
working in an hour? OK. Bye for now.
studying in 15 minutes? All right. Talk to you later.
(your idea) (your idea) Uh, yeah. Sure.
Speaker A: Hello,
(Bs name)
. This is
(your name)
. What are you doing?
Speaker B: Hello,
(As name)
. Actually, Im
(activity)
now.
Can I call you back
(time)
?
Speaker A:
(response)
.
Step 3 Role PlaY Change the roles and repeat the role play.
.
:
'',
''
'Sure', 'No problem', 'OK',
'All right'
.
teSt pRepaRatiOn
One common task in tests is describing pictures. For instance, you may be asked to answer
a question based on a picture or to complete the sentences that describe a picture.
. NEAT 3
.
SPeakiNg Answer the question with one or two full sentences.
1~2 .
What are the people doing?
?
WRitiNg Complete the sentences that describe
the picture.
.
There are some people at a bus stop.
.
1. Three people .
2. The bus driver .
:
am/are/is -ing .
2
G U I D E
5
WRiting
Step 1 Look at the picture. Match the correct people, the correct forms of be, and the activities
they are doing in the picture. be
.
My father is playing volleyball.
My grandfather and Uncle Tom are cooking.
My mother is chasing a dog.
My sister is drinking tea.
I am in-line skating.
Step 2 Below is a blog post with the picture above. Complete the sentences.
. .
This is a picture of my family on a summer vacation. We (have) a wonderful
time. My father (cook) hamburgers. Grandfather and Uncle Tom
(drink) tea. My mother (in-line skate). She is very active. My sister
(chase) a dog. She loves dogs! Where am I and what am I doing? I (play)
volleyball with my cousins. My cousins are good volleyball players.
Step 3 WRitiNg JouRNal Write your own blog post with a picture of your own family
or friends in your writing journal. .
This is a picture of . We are having a wonderful time.

(Describe what the people in the picture are doing.)
Where am I? What am I doing?

(Describe what you are doing.)
active
chase
cook
cousin
drink
have a wonderful
time

in-line skate

volleyball
2
Put your picture here
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

active
do exercises at a
gym

hang out with


friends
,

outgoing
shy

spend time

studious
surf the Web

G U I D E
6
My life
teSt pRepaRatiOn
Many tests, including IELTS Speaking Part 1, often ask about daily routines. Practice answering
the questions below. IELTS 1 .
.
What is your daily routine? .
What time do you usually get up / go to bed? ? / ?
What do you do on the weekend / in your free time? / ?
How do you usually spend your evenings? ?
Do you have any free time during the week? ?
: 2 .
.
Speaking
Step 1 Make a few sentences about yourself. Use the information in the table and the examples
below. .
i am . . . i usually/often/never . . . or i dont . . . very often.
active
outgoing
quiet
studious
shy
(your idea)
play sports/tennis/baseball/soccer/basketball
do exercises at a gym
hang out with friends
go to parties on weekends
spend time at home / with friends
watch TV/videos at home
listen to music
read books
surf the Web
(your idea)
Example:
Im very outgoing. I usually hang out with friends or go to parties on weekends.
. .
Im active. I often do exercises at a gym or play basketball with friends. I dont spend time
at home very often. . .
.
Step 2 PaiR WoRk With your partner, take turns interviewing each other. Use the
questions below. .
What kind of person are you? Are you active/outgoing/quiet/
studious? ? ///
?
How do you spend your free time / evenings?
/ ?
Step 3 SPeeCH Make a short speech about yourself or your friend. Use the questions above
to help you. .
he she
,
.
3
G U I D E
7
WRiting
Step 1 Nicole is a high school student. Look at the notes about her weekend and complete her
diary. . .
Nicoles Weekend
Saturday Sunday
10:00 a.m. take a salsa lesson
afternoon go to the movies or watch videos
at home
evening hang out with friends
seldom study
9:30 a.m. get up, go to the park and ride a bicycle
afternoon do homework
evening always play computer games favorite
hobby!
My Weekend
On Saturday, I always . In the afternoon,
I or .
On Saturday evening, I usually . I seldom
on Saturday evening. On Sunday, I usually
. I at
9:30 a.m. After a late breakfast, I sometimes
and , but not very often. I usually
in the afternoon. In the evening, I always
because its my favorite hobby!
Step 2 Now make notes about your weekend in the chart. Then complete the sentences below.
.
Saturday Sunday
On Saturday/Sunday, I . /
I in the morning/afternoon/evening //

I at nights / on weekends. /
I always/usually/often . // .
I seldom . .
Step 3 WRitiNg JouRNal Using the sentences in Step 2, write a composition about
your weekend in your writing journal. Step 2
.
3
seldom

take a salsa
lesson

age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

beard
blond
curly
dark

glasses
muscular

mustache
ring
straight ()

watch
G U I D E
8
4
What does he look like?
Speaking
Step 1 Make a few sentences about yourself. Use the information in the table.
.
I
Susie/Paul
She/He
m (am)
s (is)
tall/short.
slim.
heavy.
muscular.
I have
ve got (have got)
long/short
straight/curly
blond/dark
hair.
Susie/Paul
She/He
has
s got (has got)
mustache.
a beard.
big eyes.
I
Susie/Paul
She/He
wear
wears
glasses.
a watch.
a ring.
Example:
Im tall. I have long hair. I have big eyes. . .
Step 2 PaiR WoRk Work with a partner. One is Speaker A; the other is Speaker B.
Speaker A: Look at this page; Speaker B: Look at page 72. A B
. A B 72 . Look at the pictures below and ask
your partner about Jon and Brad. Find out which people they are in the picture. Then answer
your partners questions. .
. .
Example:
Speaker A: What does Susie look like? ?
Speaker B: Susie? Susie is slim. She has dark straight hair.
? .
Step 3 PaiR WoRk Now ask your partner about his or her friends and family.
.
G U I D E
9
WRiting
Step 1 Look at the model paragraph. .
My brother and I are different
I have a brother. His name is Tae-woo. We are very different. First, I am a
high school student, but my brother works in a bank. Second, he is tall and
has short hair, but I am short and have long hair. Third, he watches TV in his
free time, but I dont watch TV very often. I usually listen to music.
Step 2 Make notes in the table about you and your brother/sister/friend. Find at least three
differences. Then write sentences about them. //
. 3 .
Difference You Your brother/sister/friend
Example:
1
2
3
wear glasses doesnt wear glasses
Example:
I wear glasses, but my friend Jenny doesnt wear glasses.
.
My brother has got a car, but I dont have a car.
.
Step 3 WRitiNg JouRNal Write a paragraph about you and your brother/sister/friend
in your writing journal. You can do this by completing the blanks below. //
.
and I are different .
I have a . . name is . .
We are very different. .
First, .
Second, .
Third, .
4
teSt pRepaRatiOn
In tests such as TOEIC

, some questions ask you to choose the


most appropriate verb form to complete the sentence. Can you
answer the question below?
.
.
The TED conference every spring in Long Beach, California.
A. take place C. taking place
B. takes place D. is taking place
'TED
'
,
.
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

miss the train

traffic ,

G U I D E
10
I had a really bad day.
5
Speaking
Step 1 Look at the model dialogue below and practice the sentences.
.
Speaker A: Youre 30 minutes late.
Speaker B: Im sorry. I missed the train.
Speaker A: I was worried about you.
Step 2 PaiR WoRk Work with a partner. One is Speaker A; the other is Speaker B.
Choose a time, excuse, and response and practice as in the model below. A B
. , , .
time excuse Response
30 minutes
10 minutes
1 hour
(your idea)
________________
The traffic was bad.
I missed the train.
I got up late.
(your idea)
________________
No problem.
Thats OK. Just call me next time.
I was worried about you.
Dont worry about it.
Speaker A: Youre
(time)

late.
Speaker B: Im sorry.
(excuse)
Speaker A:
(response)
Step 3 PaiR WoRk Change the roles and repeat the role play.
.
teSt pRepaRatiOn
Parts of some speaking tests, such as IELTS, consist of personal
questions about your education. Can you answer the questions
below? IELTS
. .
Whatkindofschooldidyougoto?
?
Didyougotoacoedschool?
?
Whatwasyourfavoritesubjectatschool?
?
coeducational
school ( coed school)
. boys'
high school, girls'
high school.
G U I D E
11
WRiting
Step 1 Put the sentences below in the right order to complete the paragraph.
.
Yesterday, I had a really bad day.
a) Anyway, I was late for work, and my boss was angry.
b) I woke up late because my alarm clock didnt go off.
c) I usually get up at 7:00 and leave home before 8:00, but yesterday I got up at 7:50
and left home at 8:10.
d) So I took a taxi to work.
e) I ran to the bus stop, but the next bus never came.
f) It cost a lot.
It was a terrible morning.
Step 2 Fill in each blank with the correct form of the verb. Do not look at the sentences
above. , .
a terrible Morning
Yesterday, I (have) a really bad day. I (wake) up late because my alarm
clock (not go) off. I usually (get) up at 7:00 and (leave)
home before 8:00, but yesterday I (get) up at 7:50 and (leave)
home at 8:10. I (run) to the bus stop, but the next bus never (come).
So I (take) a taxi to work. It (cost) a lot. Anyway, I (be) late
for work, and my boss (be) angry. It (be) a terrible morning.
Step 3 WRitiNg JouRNal Rewrite the whole paragraph in your writing journal.
Step 2 .
5
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

I just called to say
hello.
.
miss someones
call

G U I D E
12
What were you doing?
6
Speaking
Step 1 Look at the model dialogue below and practice it. .

Speaker A: I called you last night, but you didnt answer.
What were you doing?
Speaker B: Im sorry I missed your call. I was taking a shower.
Speaker A: Thats OK. I just called to say hello.
Step 2 Role PlaY Work with a partner. One is Speaker A; the other is Speaker B.
Choose a time, activity, and response and practice as in the model below. A B
. , , .
time activity Response
last night
last Saturday
about an hour ago
(your idea)
taking a shower
doing yoga
driving
(your idea)
Thats OK.
Thats all right.
Never mind.
No problem.
Example:
Speaker A: I called you
(time)
, but you didnt answer.
What were you doing?
Speaker B: Im sorry I missed your call. I
(activity)
.
Speaker A:
(response)
. I just called to say hello.
Step 3 Role PlaY Change the roles and repeat the role play.
.
G U I D E
13
6
WRiting
Step 1 At the beginning of a story, we often describe the general situation or scene. Look at
the examples below. .
.
I woke up early yesterday. It was a beautiful morning. The sun was shining,
and the birds were singing.
Lucy broke her arm last week. It happened when she was painting her room.
Sues best friend, James, is missing. She last met him when she was walking
down the street. He was wearing a coat and carrying a big bag.
Step 2 Now, complete the following sentences using your own ideas.
.
(1) I went to a street market last Sunday. It was very busy.
(Add your own ideas: What were the people doing? What did you do?)
(2) Tim was playing basketball at the gym when .
(Add your own ideas: What happened? Or what did he do? What were other people doing there?)
(3) The children when I opened the door.
They .
(Add your own ideas: What were the children doing? What did they and you do?)
Step 3 WRitiNg JouRNal Write your composition in Step 2 in your writing journal.
Step 2 .
teSt pRepaRatiOn
Tests such as WPT, IELTS General Training, and Cambridge First Certificate may ask you
to write an e-mail or a letter that complains about the poor service you received. Try to
describe what happened in your writing. WPT, IELTS , FCE
.
.
Example:
Dear Manager,
Im writing to complain about the service in your restaurant on May 7. Everything was
fine except one thing. When I was ordering the food, the waiters cell phone rang, and he
answered it! He was talking on the phone for a while, and I had to wait until he finished to
complete my order. I hope this kind of thing doesnt happen again.
Sincerely,
Cindy Lee
Replace the underlined part with your own idea.
.
busy ,
carry ,

missing (
) ,

street market

complain

complete
ones order


except

happen
()
order
waiter
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

G U I D E
14
Speaking
Step 1 Choose one sentence from each box to complete the dialogues.
.
Hi. I dont
think weve
met. Im Hoon.
Have you met
Kelly?
Have you met
everyone?
Have we met
before?
Yes. At the school
party last month.
Im Gina.
Not yet.
No, I havent.
Hi, Hoon. Nice
to meet you.
Im Erica.
Guys, this is Mr.
Song.
Oh, yeah. Now I
remember. I thought
you looked familiar.
Nice to meet you
too, Erica.
Kelly, this is Joan.
Joan, this is Kelly.
Example:
Speaker A: Have you met Kelly?
Speaker B: No, I havent.
Speaker A: Kelly, this is Joan. (to Speaker B) Joan, this is Kelly.
Step 2 Role PlaY With a partner, practice the dialogues in Step 1. Step 1
.
Step 3 Role PlaY Change the roles and repeat the role play.
.
Have we met before?
7
: (have +
)

. : My
English has improved a
lot.
.
'used to'
,
'used to'

.
: I used to live in Dae-
gu, but now I live in Seoul.

, .
teSt pRepaRatiOn
IELTS Speaking Test Part 3 may ask you to compare a situation now with a similar situation in
the past. IELTS 3 .
Answer the questions below with two or three sentences using used to or have + past participle.
used to have + 2-3 .
Howhavephoneschangedoverthelast30years?
30 ?
Howhavechildrenstoyschangedovertime?
?
Havepeopleshobbieschangedmuchovertheyears?

G U I D E
15
7
WRiting
Step 1 Fill in the table with the information about you. .
Example:
this is me a few years ago this is me now
a bank teller
blond hair
not wear glasses
retired
gray hair
wear glasses
this is me a few years ago this is me now
Step 2 Make sentences using the information in the table in Step 1. Step 1
.
Example:
I used to be a bank teller. But Im retired now.
I used to have blond hair. But I have gray hair now.
I didnt use to wear glasses. But I wear glasses now.
Step 3 WRitiNg JouRNal Write a short paragraph about you a few years ago and you
now in your writing journal. It is a good idea to put some pictures of you a few years ago next to
your paragraph. .
.
Example:
I used to be a bank teller. But now Im retired. I used to have short blond hair. But now
I have gray hair. I didnt use to wear glasses, but now I wear glasses.

bank teller
gray
retired
/
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

G U I D E
16
My experience
8
Speaking
Step 1 Look at the model dialogue and practice the sentences. .
Speaker A: Have you ever seen a whale?
Speaker B: Yes, I have.
Speaker A: Really? Tell me about it.
Speaker B: I saw one when I was fishing on a boat last year.
Step 2 gRouP WoRk Using the chart below, find out what interesting experiences your
classmates have had. Walk around and talk to as many people as possible.
.
.
seen
a whale?
a ghost?
(your idea)
been to
the States?
a rock concert?
(your idea)
Have you ever
ridden
a horse?
a roller coaster?
(your idea)
eaten
snails?
an insect?
(your idea)
(your idea)
If your partners answer is Yes, ask one of the follow-up questions below.
'Yes' , .
Really? Tell me more about it. ? .
Did you like it? ?
When/Where did you . . . ? / ?
Step 3 SPeeCH Make a short speech about the people you talked to.
.
Example:
Jong-oh saw a whale when he was fishing last year. Eun-joo has ridden a roller coaster
many times. Hee-sun has never eaten snails, but she ate snake meat when she was five.



.
G U I D E
17
8
excited ,
,
famous
unfortunately
,

teSt pRepaRatiOn
In tests such as TOEIC

, some questions may ask you to choose the


word that connects a past simple to a present perfect sentence. Can
you answer the question below?
. .
The company has grown a lot __________ it was founded in 2007.
A. by the time C. since
B. for D. how
WRiting
Step 1 Look at the postcard below and circle the correct verb form. There may be more than one
correct form. . .
Dear Naomi,
How are you doing? California is a nice place. I (1)was (2)ve been here only for
three days, but I (1)just visited (2)m already visited (3)ve already visited
some interesting places. I (1)go (2)went (3)ve been to Hollywood and Universal
Studios yesterday. Unfortunately, I didnt see any famous people, but I really
enjoyed myself. I (1)m not visiting (2)didnt visit (3)havent been to Disneyland
yet. I (1)buy (2)already bought (3)ve just bought a ticket. Im so excited.
How about you? Are you enjoying your vacation? I hope to hear from you soon.
Love,
Ji-woo
Step 2 Add already, just, or yet and rewrite the sentences below from the postcard in Step 1.
already, just, yet .
1. Ive visited some interesting places.
2. I havent been to Disneyland.
3. Ive bought a ticket, and Im so excited.
Step 3 Imagine you are on a vacation. Write a postcard to a friend. Include the following
information: .
how long you have been in the place
what you have (already or just) done
what you havent done yet
Dear
' 2007

'
,
2007

.
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

birthplace
,
invent
G U I D E
18
The Eiffel Tower was built in 1889.
9
Speaking
Step 1 Imagine you are a tourist. Make questions about the things you see using the passive,
as in the examples below.
.
The Eiffel Tower
When? (build)
Who?
Mona Lisa
When? (paint)
Who?
The first telephone
When? (invent)
Who?
William Shakespeares
birthplace
When/Where?
(born)
Example:
When was the Eiffel Tower built? ?
Who was the Eiffel Tower built by? ?
Step 2 Using the information below, answer the questions in Step 1.
Step 1 .
The Eiffel Tower
in 1889 by
Gustave Eiffel
Mona Lisa
in the sixteenth century
by Leonardo da Vinci
The first telephone
in 1876 by Alexander
Graham Bell
William Shakespeares
birthplace
in the sixteenth century
in Stratford, England
Example:
The Eiffel Tower was built in 1889. It was built by Gustave Eiffel.
1889 . .
Step 3 SPeeCH Work with a partner. One is a tour guide; the other is a tourist. Take turns
asking and answering the questions.
.
Example:
Tourist: When was the Eiffel Tower built? ?
Tour guide: It was built in 1889. 1889 .
Tourist: Who was it built by? ?
Tour guide: It was built by Gustave Eiffel. .
G U I D E
19
9
WRiting
Step 1 Fill in the blanks with the verbs given and complete the sentences about how instant
coffee is produced.
.
The coffee cherries are picked from trees, and the beans are taken from the fruit.
The coffee beans in the sun. (dry)
The coffee beans . (roast)
The coffee beans quickly. (cool)
The coffee beans with hot water. (mix)
The coffee beans . (freeze)
The coffee beans . (grind)
The coffee powder in jars. (pack)
The coffee is now ready to be sold!
Step 2 Complete the paragraph about how instant coffee is produced.
.
The coffee cherries from the trees and the beans
from the fruit. Then, the coffee beans . The beans
and . The beans and then . Next,
the beans . Finally, the coffee powder is . The coffee
is now ready to be sold!
Step 3 WRitiNg JouRNal Write the whole paragraph in your writing journal.
.
cool
dry
factory
flat
freeze
grind ,
heat
,
ingredient
,
jar , ,

lime
mix
mold ()
,
pack
pick (,
)
roast ,
roll ()
,
shape
soda
syrup
thick ,

teSt pRepaRatiOn
One possible task in IELTS Academic Writing Part 1 is to
describe the process that appears in a diagram. Look at the
example below that describes the process of how glass is made
and put the sentences in order. IELTS Part
1 .
.
a. The hot glass is rolled into flat sheets or molded into different shapes by machines.
b. The syrup is cooled and becomes glass. The glass is still hot and not hard.
c. White sand, soda and lime are taken to the glass factory.
d. The glass ingredients are heated and the mixture becomes a thick syrup.
e. They are mixed together.
:

.

.
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

G U I D E
20
Im going out with Chris on Saturday.
Speaking
Step 1 Look at the model dialogue below and practice the sentences.
.
Example:
Speaker A: Hello, June? Its Mia.
Speaker B: Hi, Mia! Whats up?
Speaker A: Well, Im going out with Chris and Steve on Saturday.
Do you want to join us?
Speaker B: Sure. Why not?
Step 2 Role PlaY Work with a partner. One is Speaker A; the other is Speaker B.
Choose a question, plan, and response and practice as in the model below. A B
. , , .
Question Plan Response
Whats up? go out Sure. Why not?
How are you doing? go to the movies Sounds fun.
Whats new? play basketball Yes, I do. What time?
(your idea) Yeah. Sounds good.
Speaker A: Hello,
(Speaker Bs name)
?
Its
(Speaker As name)
.
Speaker B:
Hi
,
(Speaker As name)
.

(question)
?
Speaker A: Well,
(plan)
. Do you want to join us?
Speaker B:
(response)
.
Step 3 Role PlaY Change the roles and repeat the role play.
.
10
'What's up?', 'How
are you doing?',
'What's new?'


. '
?', '
?', '
?'
.
teSt pRepaRatiOn
Many tests, including TOEIC

and G-TELP, often ask you to choose


the correct tense to complete a sentence. Can you answer the question
below?
. .
Mr. Stevens has recently opened a new restaurant in New York.
The business is going well, and he now needs to hire more staff.
So he some people next week.
A. interviews C. interviewed
B. is interviewing D. has been interviewing
'
.

.

.'
.

.
'Sure', 'Why not?', 'Sounds
fun', 'Yeah. Sounds good.'

.
G U I D E
21
10
WRiting
Step 1 Look at the model of a business memo below. .
MeMO
TO: Jae-young Lee
FROM: Monica Cruz
DATE: June 1, 2013
SUB: Meeting in Busan
We are leaving Seoul by KTX on Tuesday, June 3 at 10:30 a.m. The train arrives in Busan
at 12:30 p.m. We are going to have lunch in the office. The meeting begins at 2:00 p.m.
and finishes at 4:30 p.m.
Step 2 Complete the business memo below. Choose the correct or best answers.
.
MeMO
TO:
FROM:
DATE:
SUB:
Eva Torez
Soo-young Park
Nov. 16, 2013
Conference in Seoul
We (a)are leaving (b)are going to leave from LA International Airport on Wednesday, Nov. 20,
at 2:00 p.m. Ms. Song (a)meets (b)is going to meet us at Incheon International Airport. The
conference (a)begins (b)is beginning at 9:00 a.m. on Nov. 22. We (a)take (b)are taking the return
flight to LA on Nov. 23 at 12:45 p.m.
Step 3 WRitiNg JouRNal Write the complete business memo in your writing journal.
.
MeMO
conference (
) ,
return flight

age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

be back
be here

Im afraid not.
/

.
passenger
station staff
member
G U I D E
22
11
Speaking
Step 1 Match the phrases and sentences below to make three dialogues.
.
Situation Speaker A
(question)
Speaker B
(response 1)
Speaker A
(response 2)
1: at home Shall we put the air
conditioner on? Its
really hot in here.
Yes. Itll be ready in a
few minutes.
OK. Thank you.
2: in an office Excuse me. Will Mr.
Park be back soon?
Thats a good idea.
Ill do it.
OK. Thanks.
3: at a restaurant Excuse me. Will my
food be ready soon?
Yes. Itll arrive in
three minutes.
Thanks. Shall I close
the window then?
4: at a train station Excuse me. Will the
train be here soon?
No, Im afraid not. He
wont be back till four.
Oh, I see. Thanks.
Step 2 Role PlAy Work with a partner. One is Speaker A; the other is Speaker B. Choose
situations from Step 1 and practice them. A B . Step 1
.
Speaker A:
(question)
?
Speaker B:
(response 1)
.
Speaker A:
(response 2)
.
Situation 1: at home from one family member to another
Situation 2: at an office from a visitor to a secretary or receptionist
Situation 3: at a restaurant from a customer to a server
Situation 4: at a train station from a passenger to a station staff member
Step 3 Role PlAy Change the roles and repeat the role play.
.
teSt pRepaRatiOn
In speaking tasks in tests such as IELTS, some questions may ask you to make predictions
about the future. Practice answering the questions below. IELTS 1
. .
1. What changes do you think will happen in the next 10 years?
10 ?
2. Do you think it will be more or less important to have a good education in the future?
?
3. How do you think shopping habits will change in the future?
?
What will happen in the future?
: will .
G U I D E
23
11
WRiting
Step 1 PAIR oR GRoUP WoRK Work with a partner or in a group. Imagine life
100 years from now. Ask and answer the questions below. 100
. .
What are your predictions?
One hundred years from now, do you think . . .
life will be very different?
people will live on the moon?
tourists will travel by spaceship?
people will eat food capsules?
robots will do the housework?
children wont go to school and will study at home?
What else do you predict about life 100 years from now?
Step 2 Write down your predictions. .
Example:
I think people will live on the moon 100 years from now.
I dont think people will live on the moon. I think they will live on Mars.
1.
2.
3.
Step 3 WRItInG JoURnAl Write a short paragraph in your writing journal about your
predictions for the future using the sentences in Step 2. Try to add details. Step 2
.
capsule
housework
predict
/
prediction
,
spaceship
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

athlete
chef ,
flight attendant

lifeguard
,
tour guide

G U I D E
24
What can you do?
Speaking
Step 1 PAIR WoRK Work with a partner. One is Speaker A; the other is Speaker B.
Speaker A: Look at this page; Speaker B: Look at page 72. A B
. A B 72 . Ask your partner for the missing information
and fill in the table below. .
Can /he/
she/you . . . ?
type? speak another
language?
swim? cook? (your idea)
Mina
No. Yes. Japanese
and English
Yes, a
little.
No.
Jake
Mr. Han
No. No. No. Yes, very
well.
Ms. Lawrence
(your partner)
Step 2 Role PlAy Look at the list of jobs below. Choose the best job for each person from
the table in Step 1 and write their names next to the jobs.
.
Job name
tour guide
lifeguard
secretary
chef
bus driver
flight attendant
hairdresser
athlete
TV star
other:
Step 3 SPeeCH Make a short speech about the people and their jobs as in the example
given below. .
Example:
I think Mina could be a good tour guide because she can speak English and Japanese.
. .
12



.
G U I D E
25
WRiting
Step 1 Fill in the chart below about yourself. What could you do or couldnt you do when you
were a child? What can you do or cant you do now?
? ?
.
When I was a child, I . . .
couldnt run fast.
But

now I . . .
can run fast.
Step 2 Write a few sentences about yourself using the information in Step 1. Try to add details.
Step 1 .
.
Example:
When I was a child, I couldnt run fast. But now I can run fast.
Step 3 WRItInG JoURnAl Write the sentences in Step 2 in your writing journal.
Step 2 .
teSt pRepaRatiOn
TOEIC

, and IELTS speaking tests may ask you about your future plans. Try to answer the
questions below using might, going to, or will. TOEIC IELTS
. might going to, will .
1. Do you have any plans for the weekend?
?
2. Do you have any plans for your next holiday?
?
3. What will you do if you pass the IELTS exam?
IELTS ?
12
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

disappointed

get a job ,

G U I D E
26
You must be hungry.
Speaking
Step 1 Choose one sentence from each group and make dialogues as in the model below.
.
1 I didnt get the job. I havent eaten
anything all day.
I worked 15 hours
today.
2 You must be hungry. You must be tired. You must be disappointed.
3 I think I should go
to bed.
Im going to eat
something now.
Im going to have to try
harder next time.
Example:
Speaker A: Hey, are you OK?
Speaker B:
(1)
Speaker A: Really? Thats too bad.
(2)
Speaker B: Yeah.
(3)
Step 2 Role PlAy Work with a partner. Practice the dialogues in Step 1. One is Speaker A;
the other is Speaker B.
A B Step 1
.
Step 3 Role PlAy Change the roles and repeat the role play.
.
teSt pRepaRatiOn
In both speaking and writing tasks, tests such as IELTS and TOEFL

often ask you to give


opinions on a certain topic. Practice answering the questions below. IELTS, TOEFL


.
.
1. Should parents be strict? ?
2. What do you think people should do to stay healthy?
?
3. Do you think people in your country spend too much time online?
?
4. Boys and girls should go to separate schools. Do you agree or disagree with this statement?
,
?
13
,
.
G U I D E
27
WRiting
Step 1 GRoUP WoRK Work in a group. Exchange opinions and ideas about the questions
below. .
1. What do students have to do in class?
?
2. What do office workers have to do in the office?
?
3. What do you think students shouldnt do in class?
?
4. What shouldnt office workers do in the office?
?
5. What things must or mustnt people do in Korea?
?
6. What do you have to do every day?
?
Step 2 GRoUP WoRK Using the ideas collected from Step 1, make a list of class or office
rules. Compare your rules with those of other groups. Step 1
. .
Example:
In class . . .
you must turn off your cell phone.
you shouldnt eat food.
you should put your books away before leaving.
you have to .
In the office . . .
you shouldnt smoke.
you have to be polite to your boss.
you mustnt .
.
Step 3 WRItInG JoURnAl Write down the complete class or office rules in your writing
journal. .
RULES FOR THE
Please read the rules below carefully and be sure to follow them.
-
-
-
-
Thank you.
13
cell phone

follow
(, )
,
put away

turn off


.
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

G U I D E
28
14
What would you like to do?
Speaking
Step 1 Make the following offers to your partner. .
Would you like . . .
a sandwich? ?
some ice cream? ?
to have some cookies? ?
to play basketball with us now? ?
(your idea)
Step 2 PAIR WoRK With your partner, take turns making offers. You and your partner can
accept or refuse the offer. Choose your response from the expressions below.
. , .
.
Accept ()
Yes, please.
Sure. Thanks.
Thanks, Id love to.
That sounds great.
Refuse ()
No, thanks. Ive had enough.
No, thank you. Id rather . . . than . . .
Not now, thanks. Maybe later.
Id love to, but . . .
Example:
Speaker A: Would you like a sandwich? ?
Speaker B: Yes, please. , .
Step 3 PAIR WoRK Change partners if possible. Make more offers and practice again.
. .
teSt pRepaRatiOn
The TOEFL

speaking test often asks about your personal preferences. You can use would
like to or would rather to answer some questions. Practice answering the questions below.
TOEFL

. would
like to would rather . .
1. Describe a place you would like to visit and explain why you chose this location.
Try to add details.
.
2. Where would you like to go to spend a vacation? Describe this place and say why you
would like to go there. ?
.
3. Where would you most like to live? Describe this place and explain why you would like
to live there. ?
.
G U I D E
29
WRiting
Step 1 Imagine a friend from overseas is coming to visit you soon. Complete the letter below
to the friend. Make questions about what your friend would like to do when he or she is here.
.
.
Dear ,
How are you doing? Im making plans now for your visit and have some questions for you.
What would you like to do? Would you like to visit ?
Or would you rather ?
Im looking forward to seeing you soon!
Love,
Step 2 This time, imagine you are the visitor and write a reply to the letter in Step 1. Tell the
friend what you would like and wouldnt like to do when you are there.
Step 1 .
.
Dear ,
Thanks for your letter. Im so excited! Im really looking forward to my trip.
When Im there, Id rather visit some old palaces than .
Id also like to .
See you soon!
Love,
Step 3 WRItInG JoURnAl Write the complete letters in your writing journal.
Step 2 .

14
excited
,
look forward
to ing

palace ,
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

G U I D E
30
Dont do it.
15
Speaking
Work with a partner. One is Speaker A; the other is Speaker B. Speaker A: Look at this page;
Speaker B: Look at page 73. A B . A
B 73 .
Step 1 PAIR WoRK Choose any sentence below and say it to your partner. Your partner
will reply with a sentence looking at page 73. Check with your partner if the dialogue sounds
natural. . 73
. .
Im not lying. .
Here comes the bus. .
I dont want to talk to you. .
The baby is sleeping. .
Its getting dark. .
Step 2 PAIR WoRK This time, your partner will say a sentence first. Choose and say
a sentence that you think matches it. Check with your partner if the dialogue sounds natural.
. .
.
Dont buy it. .
Dont speak to me like that. .
Dont stay out too long. .
Dont worry about it. .
Dont go out alone at night. .
Step 3 Practice saying each pair of sentences together. .
teSt pRepaRatiOn
In tests such as TOEIC

, you may be asked to choose


the appropriate form of verb. Can you answer the
question below? .
.
Before purchasing, please all the pictures and information carefully.
A. examine
B. examining
C. to examine
D. examined


.
'
' ,
.
G U I D E
31
WRiting
Step 1 Look at the six pictures of cooking an omelet. They are not in order.
. .


Step 2 Match the instructions with the pictures. Write the numbers on the lines.
.
1. Beat three eggs. 3 .
2. Add milk. .
3. Add salt and pepper. .
4. Mix it all together. .
5. Fry with butter in a frying pan. .
6. The omelet is ready! !
Step 3 WRItInG JoURnAl Write the whole recipe in your writing journal.
.
15
add ,

beat

mix
omelet
How to make an omelet
Ingredients: three eggs, milk, butter, salt, and pepper
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6. The omelet is ready!
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

channel (TV
)
Tv programs:
comedy
,
documentary
,
drama
(soap opera)
,
movie
music show

news
quiz show

sports game

talk show
G U I D E
32
Theres a movie on Channel 10.
16
Speaking
Step 1 Look at the television schedule and practice the model dialogue below. TV
.
Channel 4 Channel 8 Channel 10
7:509:00
Music Top 10
7:009:00
Soccer: LA Galaxy vs.
Vancouver Whitecaps
6:407:30
Drama: California Dream
7:308:30
Comedy Tonight
9:009:55
News
9:0010:50
Sports News
8:3010:35
Documentary: World of Penguins
10:0011:10
Quiz Show:
Who Knows Everything?
10:5012:40
Movie: Jurassic Land
10:4011:50
Ms. Doprah Show
Speaker A: Whats on TV tonight?
Speaker B: Theres Who Knows Everything? on Channel 4 at 10:00.
Speaker A: Are there any movies on?
Speaker B: Yes, theres Jurassic Land on Channel 8 at 10:50.
Step 2 Role PlAy Work with a partner. One is Speaker A; the other is Speaker B. Use
the television schedule in Step 1 and make your own dialogues. A B
. TV .
Speaker A: Whats on TV tonight?
Speaker B: Theres
(choose a program)
on
(channel)
at
(time)
.
Speaker A: Are there any
(kind of program: choose from the box)
?
Speaker B: Yes, theres
(title of the program)
on
(channel)
at
(time)
.
Step 3 Role PlAy Change the roles and repeat the role play.
.
teSt pRepaRatiOn
Parts of some speaking tests, such as IELTS, consist of a series
of questions about your hometown or neighborhood. Practice
answering the questions below. IELTS
.
.
1. Where is your hometown/neighborhood? / ?
2. Are there any old buildings in your hometown/neighborhood?
/ ?
3. Can you describe them? .
: /
,

/

.
G U I D E
33
16
WRiting
Step 1 Look at the model paragraph below and answer the questions below.
.
My hometown
My hometown is Jeju City. Its on a beautiful island, also called Jeju. The weather
is usually sunny and warm, but often windy. Theres a famous mountain on Jeju.
Its called Mt. Halla. It was an active volcano long ago. On Jeju, there are nice
trekking courses and museums. Many years ago, there werent many overseas
tourists on Jeju. But now, many foreigners visit Jeju every year because there are
so many fun things to do.
What is the name of the writers hometown? ?
Whats the weather like there? ?
Are there any geographic features, such as a river or a mountain on the island?
?
Is the island famous for anything? ?
Why do foreign tourists visit the island? ?
What can a visitor enjoy doing there? ?
Step 2 Now think about your hometown. .
Hometown :
Big city

Small town

Location :
Weather :
Geographic features :
Is it famous for anything? ?
What can a visitor enjoy doing there? ?
What is new in your hometown? How is it different from before?
? ?
Is there anything else you want to say about your hometown?
?
Step 3 WRItInG JoURnAl Using the information in Step 2, write a short paragraph
in your writing journal about your hometown as in the model paragraph in Step 1.
Step 2 .
My hometown
famous for

feature
geographic

hometown
island
trekking
,
volcano
windy

age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

G U I D E
34
Speaking
Step 1 Think of some facts, events, or news items that people might be interested in. Make
a few sentences about them. Write on the lines below. ,
.
Examples:
My sister cant eat lamb. () .
I went to Disneyland last Sunday. .
Theres going to be a storm tomorrow. .
Step 2 PAIR WoRK Work with a partner. Take turns saying the sentences in Step 1.
Respond as in the examples below. Step 1
.
Examples:
Speaker A: My sister cant eat lamb.
() .
Speaker B: She cant?
? ( ?)
Speaker A: I went to Disneyland last Sunday.
.
Speaker B: You did?
? ( ?)
Step 3 PAIR WoRK Look at the sentences your partner wrote in
Step 1. Take turns making tag questions and responding to them as in
the examples below. Step 2 ,
.
Examples:
Speaker A: Your sister cant eat lamb, can she?
() , ?
Speaker B: No, she cant.
, .
Speaker A: I can. / Neither can I.
. / .
Speaker A: You went to Disneyland last Sunday, didnt you?
, ?
Speaker B: Yes, I did.
, .
Speaker A: I didnt. / So did I.
. / .
So did I.
17
:



.
e.g. Hes coming,
isnt he?



.
e.g., Your sister cant
eat lamb, can she?

Yes
, No
.


Yes,

No
.
G U I D E
35
WRiting
Step 1 Look at the paragraph below and fill in the blanks with too, either, so, or neither.
too either, so, neither .
My mother and I are alike.
My mother and I are similar. Firstly, my mother has beautiful big eyes, and I have
big eyes . She doesnt wear glasses, and I dont wear glasses .
Our eyesight is good. Secondly, we are music lovers. When she plays the piano,
I sing. She likes Schubert and do I. But we dont like loud music. She says
she cant stand it and can I. Many people say my mother and I are alike,
and I agree with that.
Step 2 Think about the similarities between you and someone you know (e.g., your friends
or your family members). Make notes as in the box below. Use too, either, so . . . I, or neither . . . I.
too, either, so ... I neither ... I ( ) .
My ... and I ...
quiet
dont read newspapers
like shopping
cant drive
Examples:
My friend is quiet, and I am too.
My brother doesnt read newspapers,
and I dont either.
He likes to go shopping, and so do I.
She cant drive a car, and neither can I.
Step 3 WRItInG JoURnAl Using the information in Step 2, write a short paragraph in
your writing journal as in the example paragraph in Step 1. Step 2 Step 1
.
My and I are alike.
17
teSt pRepaRatiOn
In tests such as TOEIC

, some questions ask you to choose the most


appropriate verb to complete a sentence that uses so or neither. Can you
answer the question below? so neither
. .
As the temperature increases, so the humidity.
A. do C. has
B. does D. is
'

'
,
increases



.
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

G U I D E
36
Speaking
Step 1 Imagine you are asking questions about a party that you didnt go to. Using the words
given in parentheses, complete the dialogue between you and your friend.
, .
You: ? (what, the party, like)
?
Your friend: It was fun. .
You: ? (who, there) ?
Your friend: There were lots of people. James, Marie, and Jos
were there too.
, James Marie, Jose .
You: Really? ? (what, you, do)
? ?
Your friend: Well, we danced and had some pizza.
, .
You: Wow. Sounds good. ? (dance)
, ?
Your friend: No, she didnt dance, but she sang!
, !
Step 2 With a partner, practice the dialogue in Step 1. Step 1
.
Step 3 PAIR WoRK Situation: You were busy and didnt go on a picnic. Now you are asking
questions about the picnic. With your partner, create a dialogue as in Step 1. :
. . Step 1
.
What was the picnic like?
Where did you go?
What was the place like?
you like it?
everyone like it?
How go there? by train?
weather nice?
Who with?
What do there?
What time come back?
Your questions:
She didnt dance, but she sang!
18
.
: Yes No

.
e.g., Did you dance?


.
e.g., What was the
party like?
G U I D E
37
WRiting
Step 1 Situation: You are interviewing a celebrity by e-mail. Think of questions you want
to ask. : . .
Examples:
What did you want to be when you were a child? ?
Do you know many other famous people? ?
When is your next concert? ?
Whats your new album like? .
Step 2 Write down the questions in the e-mail below. .

Dear Lady Gaga,


Im (your name) of BGIU magazine. Our readers are big fans of yours and want to know more about you.
Please answer these questions:
1.
2.
3.
Thank you very much for answering these questions.
Sincerely,
(your name)
Lady Gaga
BGIU fans
Step 3 WRItInG JoURnAl Write the whole e-mail in your writing journal.
Step 2 .
teSt pRepaRatiOn
In some speaking tests, such as OPIc, you may be asked to do a simple role play. Can you do
the example task below? OPIc .
.
Your friend has just moved in to a new apartment. Ask him or her three or four questions
about it. . 3~4
.
18
album (),

celebrity
magazine
Thank you for

age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

G U I D E
38
Do you know where it is?
19
Speaking
Work with a partner. One is Speaker A; the other is Speaker B. Speaker A: Look at this page;
Speaker B: look at page 73. A B . A B
73 .
Step 1 Read the story below. Some parts are missing. (Speaker B has the same story, but the
missing parts are different.) . . (Speaker B
.)
Nicole and Jane are sisters. Nicole is , and Jane is 19 years old.
They live in . Yesterday, they . But they had to
leave early because Nicole was tired. Nicole said , but Jane was
worried. It took them to get home. They arrived at 8 and had
dinner at . Now its 11 oclock. Nicole is sleeping, and Jane is
in her room.
Step 2 PAIR WoRK Take turns asking and answering questions to find out the missing
information in the story. Fill in the blanks. Use Do you know / Can you tell me if/whether/what/
where/why . . . ? .
Do you know / Can you tell me if/whether/what/where/why ...? .
Example:
Speaker A: Do you know how old Nicole is?
Nicole ?
Speaker B: Yes. Shes years old.
, .
Step 3 Compare the complete story with your partner.
.
teSt pRepaRatiOn
In Part 2 of the TOEIC

listening test, you are asked to


choose the best response to a question. Can you answer
the question below?
.
.
Do you know where the restroom is in this building?
A. Yes, I am.
B. On the second floor.
C. You can rest at home.
'Do you know ...?' 'Can you tell
me ...?'
Yes No

.
'How do airplanes fly?'
'Do you know how airplanes fly?'
'Can you tell me how airplanes fly?'
.
G U I D E
39
19
WRiting
Step 1 Situation: A friend of yours is upset with you. You dont know why. So you are writing
a letter to a counselor to ask for advice. Write one or two sentences to describe the problem.
.
. 1~2 .
Example:
What is the problem? ?
My friend So-young hasnt talked to me since we went to a party last month.
.
Step 2 Write what you want to ask the counselor. Use the models below.
.
I dont know where/when/why etc. . . .
Do you know if/whether . . . ?
Do you know what/how/why etc. . . . ?
Can you tell me if/whether . . . ?
Can you tell me what/how/why etc. . . . ?
Examples:
I dont know why she is upset. .
Can you tell me what I should do? ?
Step 3 Using your sentences in Step 1 and Step 2, complete the letter below. Try to add details.
Step 1 Step 2 .
.
Dear Sarah,
Im writing to get some advice from you. My friend
(your friends name)
is upset with me, but I dont know why.
(Describe your problem and what you want to know or ask.)
Thanks and best wishes,
(
your name
)
upset ,
,
counselor ,

age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

report ,

take a nap

G U I D E
40
Speaking
Step 1 Think of what your friends or family members recently said to you. Write it in the
bubbles below. .
Step 2 PAIR WoRK Work with a partner. Tell your partner what they said. Use My mother/
brother/friend etc. said. . . My mother/brother/friend/etc. said ...
.
Example:
My sister said (that) she was tired. .
Step 3 GRoUP WoRK Tell your group what you do on weekends. As in the example below,
the first person says what he or she does, and the next person reports what the first person said
and adds his or her sentence, and so on. .
.
.
Example:
Speaker A: I go to church. .
Speaker B: A said she went to church on weekends. I ride a bicycle on weekends.
A . .
Speaker C: A said she went to church on weekends, and B said he rode a bicycle. I take a nap.
A , B . .
Speaker D: A said . . .
teSt pRepaRatiOn
In tests such as TOEIC

, some questions
may ask you to choose the right verb to
complete the sentence. Can you answer the
question below? .
.
Physics and mathematics may us how the universe began.
A. say C. speak
B. tell D. talk
Jane said she would visit you soon.
20
' ()
' .
say, speak, talk to ,
tell .
My My My My
G U I D E
41
WRiting
Step 1 GRoUP WoRK Imagine your friend is sick in the hospital. Think of what you want
to say to him or her in the group.
,
.
Step 2 Complete the e-mail below to your friend in the hospital. Write the messages from
your partners. Use . . . said . . . . said
.
Example:
Jane said she would visit you soon. Jane .
Won-ho said he cleaned your desk. .
Step 3 WRItInG JoURnAl Write the complete e-mail in Step 2 in your writing journal.
Step 2 .
20
get well
I hope you get
well soon.
.
miss

.

Dear ,
I hope you get well soon. We all miss you so much.
Jane said
.
See you soon at school!
Love,
(your name)

Dear ,
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

get some fresh
air
peephole (


)
relieve (
) ,

G U I D E
42
21
Speaking
Step 1 Match the action and the purpose. .
Action
Im going out
Just wait for the door
He didnt have money
I looked through the peephole
She took aspirin
Can you make time
Is he going to Toronto
Ive got to get up early
They called 119
Purpose
for food.
for an interview next week?
to see who it was.
to get some fresh air.
to get some help.
to relieve the pain.
to catch the first train in the morning.
to open.
for a cup of coffee?
Step 2 This is what you did yesterday. Add a purpose using to or for.
. to for .
I got up early . . .
I went to the library . . .
I went to the post office . . .
I went to the store . . .
I called Jenny and Eric . . .
I took a camera . . .
(your idea)
Step 3 PAIR WORK Work with a partner. Take turns asking each other why you did those
things in Step 2. Step 2 .
Example:
Speaker A: Why did you get up early?
Speaker B: I got up early to catch the first train in the morning.
teSt pRepaRatiOn
In tests such as TOEIC

, some questions may ask you


to choose the correct form of such verbs as consider,
offer, and suggest. Can you answer the question below?
consider, offer, suggest
.
.
Consider for more information about the job.
A. ask C. asking
B. to ask D. to asking
Im going out to get some fresh air.
'
' .
' ' consider
-ing .
G U I D E
43
21
WRiting
Step 1 Connect the beginning with the rest of the sentence.
.
Dont forget
Finish
Refuse
Enjoy
I suggest
watching a movie.
to study before a test.
going to see a doctor if you have a fever.
to cheat.
doing your homework before dinner.
Step 2 Joe is a newcomer and his classmate Sarah sent him an invitation to a party. Correct
the underlined parts in the card below. .
.
Hi Joe,
The party is tomorrow. Please plan arriving on time
and dont forget bring a present. You said you wanted
making new friends, right? Then, try say hello to
everyone. Finally, I suggest to clean up together after
the party.
See you soon!
Sarah
Step 3 WRItIng JOuRnAl Rewrite the corrected invitation in your writing journal.
Add one or two more suggestions for Joe. .
1~2 .
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

all along
airsick

flight
the flu
G U I D E
44
Did you have a good flight?
Speaking
Step 1 Look at the model below and practice the sentences. .
Speaker A: Did you have a good flight?
Speaker B: Not really. I was terribly airsick.
Speaker A: Im sorry to hear that.
Step 2 ROle PlAy Work with a partner. One is Speaker A; the other is Speaker B.
Choose question, reason, and response. A B . , ,
.
Question Reason Response
Did you have a good
flight?
I was terribly airsick. Im sorry to hear
that.
Did you have a good
weekend?
I had the flu. Thats too bad.
Did you have a nice
vacation?
It rained the whole
time.
Oh dear!
(your idea) (your idea) (your idea)
Speaker A:
(question)
Speaker B: Not really.
(reason)
.
Speaker A:
(response)
.
Step 3 ROle PlAy Change the roles and repeat the role play.
.
teSt pRepaRatiOn
IELTS Speaking Test Part 1 may ask you to answer questions like the ones below.
IELTS 1 . .
1. What type of transport do you use most? Why?
?
2. What do people usually do on weekends in your country?
?
3. How do you spend your weekends?
?
4. Where would you like to go on holiday? Why?
? ?
22

'I'm sorry to
hear that,' 'That's
too bad,' 'Oh dear!'
.
'',
'', ''
.
G U I D E
45
WRiting
Step 1 Youre on vacation at a resort for a week. Think of what you might be doing there.
. .
Activities:
go for a swim
go shopping
go sailing
go on a tour of . . .
go out for dinner
take pictures
Step 2 Write an e-mail to your friend about what you did, are doing, or will do on vacation.
Change the underlined part with your own ideas. ,
. .
Dear Andy,
Im having a good time on Jeju now. The weather is really nice here. Yesterday,
I went shopping at a local seafood market. I bought some dried squid there.
Jeju is a perfect place for swimming. I go for a swim every morning. Tomorrow,
Ill go on a tour of the folk villages. Im going home on Friday. Ill call you
when I get to the airport. Bye!
Love,
Mia
Step 3 WRItIng JOuRnAl Rewrite the whole e-mail in your writing journal.
.
22
dried squid

folk village

local
seafood
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

G U I D E
46
Whose is it?
Speaking
Step 1 Look at the model dialogue below and practice it. .
Speaker A: Whose umbrella is it? / Whose is the umbrella?
Speaker B: Its Janes. / Its Janes umbrella.
Speaker A: Is this Janes umbrella?
Speaker B: Yes, it is. / No, its Pauls.
Step 2 PAIR WORK Work with a partner. One is Speaker A; the other is Speaker B.
Speaker A: Look at this page; Speaker B: Look at page 74. A B
. A B 74 .
Look at the picture and ask Speaker B to find out
whose each item is.
.
Step 3 PAIR WORK Now, look at the picture above and answer Speaker Bs questions.
.
teSt pRepaRatiOn
In tests such as TOEIC

, some questions may ask you


to choose the appropriate form of the pronoun to
complete the sentence. Can you answer the question below?
. .
Please do not respond to spam e-mails and delete immediately.
A. they C. their
B. them D. theirs
23
.
.
'
' , delete
.
G U I D E
47
WRiting
Step 1 STEP 1 Look at the paragraph below. Change the underlined parts into the
appropriate pronouns. .
the Hippopotamus
The hippopotamus or hippo is a mammal, but the hippo spends a lot of
time in the water. The hippo can close the hippos nose and can stay under
water for several minutes.
Step 2 Below are facts about camels. Using the information, write a short paragraph.
Use pronouns where appropriate. .
.
Camels
A camel can go without water for a long time.
Many people believe that a camel holds water in
a camels hump.
The truth is that a camel stores water in a camels
bloodstream.
Fat is stored in a camels hump.
Step 3 WRItIng JOuRnAl Rewrite the whole paragraph in your writing journal.
.
23


.
.
fat
hippopotamus

hold
,
hump
( )
mammal
several
store
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

envelope
pantyhose

soap
G U I D E
48
24
A carton of milk
Speaking
Step 1 Match the items with words describing them.
.
1. 2. 3. 4.
a pair of pantyhose
a cup of tea
some flowers
a bar of soap
a carton of milk
a loaf of bread
some paper
an envelope
six eggs
a chicken
5. 6. 7.
8. 9. 10.
Example:
Speaker A: Whats Picture 1?
Speaker B: Picture 1 is a cup of tea.
Step 2 You are going camping. Decide what to buy and make a shopping list.
, .
Two bottles of mineral water
A jar of peanut butter
. . .
Step 3 SPeeCH Make a short speech about what you are going to buy for camping.
.
Example:
I am going camping this weekend, so I need to buy several items at a mart.
Im going to buy . . .
teSt pRepaRatiOn
In writing essays as a task in tests such as TOEFL

, you may often need to introduce general


ideas. Plural forms of nouns are commonly used when you mention something in general.
.
.
e.g., I like apples, bananas, and oranges.
Koreans work the longest hours among members of the OECD.
Write a few sentences about something in general as in the above example sentences.
.
1
G U I D E
49
WRiting
Step 1 Connect the ingredients for making pancakes with the correct measurements.
.
sugar
flour
egg
milk
butter
one
250 ml
150 grams
one tablespoon
three tablespoons
Step 2 Put the directions below in order to complete the recipe.
.
a) Mix the flour and sugar in a bowl.
b) When large bubbles form on the surface, flip over and cook until golden on the
other side.
c) Pour one scoop of the mixture into the pan.
d) Beat in the egg and then add the milk.
e) Heat up the butter in a frying pan.
f) Mix everything together.
Step 3 Using the answers in Step 1 and Step 2, write the recipe. Step 1 Step 2
.
Pancake Recipe
Ingredients:
Directions:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
24
add
beat
bubble
flip over
flour
golden
heat up
mix ,

mixture
on the other side

pour
scoop
sugar
surface
tablespoon

age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

G U I D E
50
Whats in my room?
25

.
floor
wall
compare

different
photo
(photograph
)
Speaking
Step 1 This is Pauls room. What is in his room? . ?
What is in Pauls room?
In Pauls room, there are . . .
Step 2 Now, talk about the picture. Where are the things?
.
Where is/are . . . ?
. . . on the floor/wall . . . in the middle/back of the room
. . . next to the window . . . near the door
Example:
Where is the clock?
The clock is on the wall.
Step 3 SPeeCH Bring a photo of your own room and describe it to others.
.
Example:
This is my room. The desk is under the window.
teSt pRepaRatiOn
The speaking section of Cambridge First Certificate Examination includes a task in which
you speak for one minute about a pair of photographs. You may describe or compare the
photographs, or you may express your own opinion about them. FCE
1 .
, .
Try talking about the pair of photographs below in one or two sentences.
1~2 .
What do you see in each photograph? ?
Can you compare the photos? What is different?
. ?
What do you think the people in the photos are doing?
?
G U I D E
51
WRiting
Step 1 What do you think about the things below? Do you like or dislike them? Exchange
ideas with other people if possible. ? ?
? .
music
online games
parties
housework
sports
animals
movies
hot/cold weather
Examples:
Speaker A: Do you like cold weather?
Speaker B: No, I dont like cold weather. I hate winter.
Speaker A: Do you like movies?
Speaker B: Yes, I do.
Speaker A: What kind of movies do you like?
Speaker B: I like horror movies.
Step 2 Write sentences about yourself using the ideas in Step 1. Add some details if you can.
Try these expressions: Step 1 .
. .
I like . . .
I enjoy . . . a lot.
I dont like . . .
I hate . . .
. . . is/are all right.
Im quite interested in . . .
Im not really interested in . . .
My favorite . . . is/are . . .
. . . is/are my least favorite . . .
Example:
I like online games. My favorite game is Angry Birds.
I also enjoy sports. I play tennis or go swimming every weekend.
Step 3 WRItIng JOuRnAl Now, write a paragraph about what you like or dislike in your
writing journal. .
25
online game


age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

gray
old-fashioned

G U I D E
52
How about this one?
26
Speaking
Step 1 Look at the model dialogue below and practice it. .
Customer: Im looking for a T-shirt for my friend.
Clerk: How about this one?
Customer: Its too big. Can you show me that one, please?
Clerk: Which one?
Customer: The blue one.
Step 2 ROle PlAy Work with a partner. One is the customer; the other is the clerk.
Choose an item, adjective 1, and adjective 2 and practice as in the model below. A B
. 1, 2 .
Item Adjective 1 Adjective 2
a T-shirt big blue
a hat expensive gray
a suitcase old-fashioned black and white
(your idea) (your idea) (your idea)
Customer: Im looking for
(item)
for my friend.
Clerk: How about this one?
Customer: Its too
(adjective 1)
. Can you show me that one, please?
Clerk: Which one?
Customer: The
(adjective 2)
one.
Step 3 ROle PlAy Change the roles and repeat the role play.
.
teSt pRepaRatiOn
In tests such as TOEIC

, some questions ask about


the use of both, either, or neither. Can you answer the
question below? both, either, neither .
.
Visitors can choose to stay at of two hotels.
A. both
B. either
C. neither
D. none
'
' ,
'' .
G U I D E
53
26
WRiting
Step 1 Answer the questions below using a lot (of), many, and much. a lot (of) many, much
.
Are you interested in politics?
Do you have much free time?
Do you like Italian food?
Do you travel a lot?
Do you have many friends?
Do you know many people in your neighborhood?
Do you drink much coffee?
Do you watch TV much?
Do you know much about computers?
Step 2 PAIR WORK Ask the above questions to a partner and write their answer.
.
Example:
A: Do you drink much coffee?
B: Yes, I drink a lot of coffee.
No, I dont drink much coffee.
Step 3 Compare yourself and your partner. Write about your similarities and differences.
Use both and neither where necessary. ,
. both, neither
Example:
Both of us drink a lot of coffee.
Neither of us drinks much coffee.
I watch TV a lot, but he doesnt watch TV very much.
he she ,
.
neither of ...
.
-s .
e.g., Neither of us drinks coffee.
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

leather
Lost and Found

made of

medium-sized

square
wood ,
G U I D E
54
Speaking
Step 1 Put the adjectives in the right category and add a few more.
. .
brown green heavy large light long medium-sized
new old pink red round short small square
Age Size Shape Color Other
new large long brown heavy
Step 2 Describe a few items you have. Use the information in the table.
.
Age
Its very/quite
Its
Its
Its
old/new.
Size small/large.
Shape long/short/round/square.
Color red/brown/green/pink.
Material Its made of leather/plastic/wood.
Example:
My wallet is square. Its brown and made of leather.
Step 3 ROle PlAy Imagine youve lost something. How would you describe it at Lost and
Found? ,
.
Example:
Speaker A: Ive lost my wallet.
Speaker B: What does it look like?
Speaker A: Its quite small and made of leather.
teSt pRepaRatiOn
Its a good idea to use an adverb at the beginning of a sentence in your speaking or writing
tasks. It makes the person you are speaking or writing to interested in what you are going
to say next. .
.
Try saying a sentence using one of these adverbs that express feeling:
.
Sadly . . .
Strangely . . .
Disappointingly . . .
Fortunately . . .
Unexpectedly . . .
Unbelievably . . .
Unfortunately . . .
Luckily . . .
At the Lost and Found
27
disappointingly

fortunately

luckily
sadly
strangely

unbelievably

unexpectedly
,

unfortunately

G U I D E
55
27
WRiting
Step 1 Fill in the blanks in the box with matching expressions and complete the sentences.
.
cold dangerously heavily hungry loudly
scared slowly tired wet
He drove . I was and screamed .
It was raining . I was and .
The man was walking . He was and .
Step 2 Choose one sentence from groups (A) and (B) to make a pair that describes a scene or
an event. (A) (B) .
(A)
I broke my sisters mirror.
He failed the test again.
She was cooking something.
She finally started singing.
I called her several times, but there was no answer.
(B)
I got worried.
It smelled terrible.
She shouted at me, and I said I was sorry.
He sounded disappointed.
It was lovely and I listened carefully.
Example:
I broke my sisters mirror. She shouted at me, and I said I was sorry.
Step 3 WRItIng JOuRnAl Describe a scene in your favorite movie or an event in your
life the same way as in Step 2.
Step 2 .



.
e.g., He suddenly stood up.
I was surprised. (
. .)
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

G U I D E
56
Speaking
Step 1 PAIR WORK Work with your partner. One is Speaker A; the other is Speaker B.
Speaker A: Look at this page; Speaker B: Look at page 74. A B
. A B 74 .
Ask your partner these questions and talk as in the example:
.
The biggest animal in the world: blue whale
The fastest land animal in the world: cheetah
The slowest animal in the world: garden snail
The most intelligent animal in the world: human
What is the biggest/fastest/slowest (land) animal in the world?
What is the most intelligent animal in the world?
Example:
Speaker A: What is the biggest animal in the world?
Speaker B: Is it an elephant?
Speaker A: No, elephants are not as big as this animal.
Speaker B: Then, is it a blue whale?
Speaker A: Yes, thats right. A blue whale is the biggest animal in the world.
Step 2 Now, answer your partners questions and talk as in the example above.
.
The tallest building in the world:
The largest bird in the world:
The smallest bird in the world:
The longest insect in the world:
Step 3 Do you know any other world records about animals or in general? Talk about them
with your partner. ? .
teSt pRepaRatiOn
You often need to make comparisons in IELTS speaking tasks. IELTS
.
Try making one or two sentences that compare: .
the past and the present
your hometown and other places
e-mails and letters
e.g., Writing e-mails is more convenient and faster than writing letters.
.
The biggest animal in the world
28

'the second-biggest
animal' .
e.g., Fin whales are
the second-biggest
animals in the world.
G U I D E
57
WRiting
Step 1 Have you ever changed your mind about something you thought was the best or worst?
Read the short paragraph below. ?
.
I thought Brad Pitt was the most handsome man in the world. But after I saw Orlando
Bloom in The Lord of the Rings movies, I changed my mind. Brad is not as handsome as
Orlando. Orlando is the most handsome man Ive ever seen.
Step 2 Now, fill in the blanks in the paragraph below with your own ideas.
.
I thought was
the in the world, but after I saw
, I changed my mind.
is not as
as . is the
Ive ever .
Step 3 WRItIng JOuRnAl Write the complete paragraph in Step 2 in your writing
journal. Add some more details if you can. Step 2 .
.
28
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

G U I D E
58
Thats too expensive!
29
Speaking
Step 1 Put sentences (a)(f) below in order to complete the dialogue. (a)(f)
.
Clerk: Good morning. Can I help you?
Customer: Hello, yes. How much is this bag?
Clerk: (a) Dont worry. Its designed for the iPad. And its on sale now.
Customer: (b) Oh, thats too expensive.
Clerk: (c) Its 70 dollars 50 cents.
Customer: (d) How much is it?
Clerk: (e) How about this one, then?
Customer: (f) Well, its good, but it doesnt look big enough for me.
I need one for my iPad.
Clerk: Thirty dollars.
Customer: Oh, thats quite cheap. Can I take a look at it?
Clerk: Sure. Here you are.
Step 2 ROle PlAy Work with a partner. One is the clerk; the other is the customer.
Practice the complete dialogue in Step 1. .
Step 3 ROle PlAy Change the roles and repeat the role play.
.
teSt pRepaRatiOn
In tests such as TOEIC

, some questions ask about the use


of enough or too. Can you answer the question below?
enough too
.
Mr. Hanson earns more than enough money at 50.
A. retire
B. retired
C. retiring
D. to retire
' 50
'
. ' '
'enough to + '
.
on sale
1
2
9
10
11
G U I D E
59
29
WRiting
Step 1 Joon-hee filled out the evaluation form below after she ate at Harrys Pizza. Look at
her answers. . .
How do you rate our service?
When did you come? May 18
What did you have?
Pizza, orange juice, chocolate cake
Who was your server? Alice
Would you like to come to us again? Yes No
Agree Disagree
1. The food was served quickly. 0 1 2 3 4 5
2. The food was good. 0 1 2 3 4 5
3. The server was friendly. 0 1 2 3 4 5
4. The menu was easy to understand. 0 1 2 3 4 5
Harrys Pizza Restaurant
508 Parkway, Richmond, CA 94806
Step 2 Now, Joon-hee has written a review about Harrys Pizza. Look at her answers in Step
1 and fill in the blanks. Use the words in the box below.
. . .
happy kind enough (x2) difficult too (x2) slowly
Name of the restaurant: Harrys Pizza
Rate:
I ate at Harrys Pizza on May 18. I had pizza with orange juice. I also had a piece
of chocolate cake for dessert. Well, Im not
to come back. First, the menu was for me
to understand. It was all written in Italian, and I had to ask my server to translate it.
Second, the food came , and the taste was just
OK. The only thing I liked about your restaurant was the server. My server, Alice, was
to help with the menu and give me some
free fries while I was waiting for my pizza.
Step 3 WRItIng JOuRnAl Write the review in Step 2 in your writing journal.
Step 2 .
evaluation form
,
free ,

fries
help with

serve (
)
translate



.
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

SNS (social
network service/
site) ,


in color (
)
G U I D E
60
Do you often drink coffee?
Speaking
Step 1 Answer the questions below. Use always/usually/often/sometimes/rarely/seldom/never.
always/usually/often/sometimes/rarely/seldom/never .
Do you often drink coffee?
Do you exercise?
Do you often visit your SNS?
Do you usually eat at home?
How often do you dream in color?
Example:
Speaker A: Do you often drink coffee?
Speaker B: Yes, I always drink coffee in the morning.
No, I never drink coffee.
Step 2 PAIR WORK Work with a partner. In turns, ask the questions in Step 1 and give
answers. Compare the answers with each other.
.
Example:
Speaker A: Do you often drink coffee?
Speaker B: Yes, I always have coffee in the morning.
How about you? Do you often drink coffee?
Speaker A: Not really. I dont usually drink coffee.
I prefer tea.
Step 3 SPeeCH Make a short speech about you and your partner.
.
Example:
I always drink coffee in the morning,
but Jin-ho doesnt drink coffee.
teSt pRepaRatiOn
One common grammatical mistake in speaking tests is using the wrong word order. Answer
the questions below. Be careful with word order when you use verbs such as give and send.
. .
give, send .
On what occasions do people give presents in your country?
?
30
give, send, lend, pass, show ' '

. '++' '++to '
always/usually/often/sometimes/
rarely/seldom/never
be /
.
e.g., I always drink coffee in
the morning.
G U I D E
61
30
WRiting
Step 1 Fill in the blanks with the words in the box to complete the sentences.
.
and but or so because
1. I called James, he wasnt in his office.
2. Paul didnt hear the telephone ring he was listening to music.
3. Is your sister younger older than you?
4. Hurry up, you will miss the train!
5. I was very busy yesterday I couldnt see him.
6. I cooked my husband washed the car.
7. Jenny is studying math theres a test tomorrow.
8. It was raining we played inside.
Step 2 Read the paragraph below and fill in the blanks with the right words.
.
My Hobby
My hobby is collecting stamps. I started collecting stamps when I was
12. My cousin sent me a letter from Canada, I really liked the
stamps on the envelope. Ive collected more and more stamps since
then. Now, I have more than 300 stamps, my stamp album
is almost full, I will need a new one soon. Stamps are small
beautiful. I think collecting stamps is awesome . It is
like collecting small pieces of art.
Step 3 WRItIng JOuRnAl Write the complete paragraph in Step 2 in your writing
journal. Step 2 .
awesome
,
,
envelope
inside
,


.
and, but, or, so,
because



.
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

invisible

read minds

.
predict ,

see through

G U I D E
62
If I had a super power . . .
31
Speaking
Step 1 Read the list of super powers below and choose one you would like to have.
, .
read minds see through walls run very fast
predict the future become super strong fly
have conversations with animals become invisible
(your idea)
Step 2 PAIR WORK Work with a partner. Talk about the super power you chose.
.
Example:
Speaker A: What super power would you like to have?
Speaker B: I would like to predict the future.
Speaker A: What would you do with it?
Speaker B: I would buy a lottery ticket and win a lot of money.
Step 3 SPeeCH Make a short speech about the super power you would like to have.
.
Example:
If I could predict the future, I would buy
a lottery ticket and win a lot of money.
teSt pRepaRatiOn
If I were/had/went is often useful when you state your opinion while answering essay
questions in TOEFL

, IELTS, etc.
TOEFL IELTS 'If I were/had/went'
.
Answer the question below with one or two sentences:
1~2 .
Which do you think is better living in a city or in the country?
?
e.g., City life is much more convenient. I wouldnt be happy if I lived in the country.
. .
'
' , 'If + ,
+ would + ' .
e.g., If I didn't have a job, I would study.
( )
G U I D E
63
31
WRiting
Step 1 A friend of yours wants some advice from you. Read what he says.
. .
Step 2 Do you have any ideas to help your friend with his mothers birthday? Write down
your ideas. Use If I were you . . . If I were you ...
.
Example:
If I were you, I would take her to a nice restaurant.
Step 3 WRItIng JOuRnAl Using the ideas in Step 2, write a short memo or e-mail
to your friend in your writing journal. Try to add details. Step 2
. .

Hi Chris,
If I were you, I would take your mom to a nice restaurant. I took my mom to Thai Island last month,
and she really liked it. If you want to go there, let me know. Ill give you a discount coupon.
Best wishes,
Na-young
Chris
coupon
discount
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

architect
device
fresh
land ,

machine
medical
()
play
receive
wool ,
,
G U I D E
64
Gustave Eiffel is the architect who . . .
32
Speaking
Step 1 Connect the beginning with the rest of the sentence.
.
Sheep are animals
A watch is a device
A fridge is a machine
A patient is a person
Gustave Eiffel is the architect
Romeo and Juliet is a play
A kitchen is a place
Neil Armstrong was the first man
who built the Eiffel Tower.
who walked on the moon.
which give us wool.
where you cook food.
that Shakespeare wrote.
who receives medical care.
which tells the time.
that keeps food fresh.
Step 2 PAIR WORK Work with a partner. One is Speaker A; the other is Speaker B. Speaker
A explains a word and Speaker B finds out what it is. Try to use which, who, that, or where.
A B . A which who, that, where
B .
You may try these words: a palace, rabbits, Christopher Columbus, a butcher
Example:
Speaker A: Its a place where kings and queens lived.
Speaker B: Is it a palace?
Speaker A: Thats right!
Step 3 PAIR WORK Now, listen to Speaker Bs explanation and find out what it is. Repeat
the role play. .
teSt pRepaRatiOn
You often need to define words in writing tests, especially when you need to introduce
something your examiner would not know, such as some traditional things of your country.

.
e.g., Ddukguk is Korean traditional soup which is served on New Years Day.
.
Can you explain a traditional day, costume, or food of Korea as in the example above?
, .
define
( )

G U I D E
65
32
WRiting
Step 1 Read the facts about John Steinbeck. Make one sentence by using who, which, or where.
, who which, where .
1 John Steinbeck is an American writer.
He was born in the year 1902.
John Steinbeck is an American writer who was born in the year 1902.
2 He wrote 27 books.
The books include non-fiction and short stories.

3 One of his famous works is The Grapes of Wrath.
It was based on his newspaper articles about migrant workers.

4 In 1962, Steinbeck won the Nobel Prize for literature.
The prize is the highest honor a write can receive.

Step 2 Now, complete the passage about John Steinbeck. Use who, which, or where.
who which, where .
John Steinbeck was an American writer was born in the year 1902. He wrote
27 books, include six non-fiction books and five collections of short stories.
Many of his books were based on his experience when he was growing up in California.
One of his famous works is The Grapes of Wrath, was based on his newspaper
articles about migrant agricultural workers. In 1962, Steinbeck won the Nobel Prize for
literature, is the highest honor a writer can receive.
Step 3 As in Step 1, read the facts about Charles Dickens and make one sentence by using
who, which, that, or where. Then, complete the passage about Charles Dickens using the sentences.
Step 1 , who which, that, where
. .
1 Charles Dickens was an English writer. He lived from 1812 to 1870.

2 He wrote books. His books have been translated into many languages.

3 In Oliver Twist, Dickens described children. The children were poor.

4 In Little Dorrit, he described the image of a prison.
He used to visit the prison to see his father when he was a child.

Charles Dickens was . Dickenss family was poor,
and his father was in prison. So Dickens had to start work when he was only 12. Many
events and people in his books were based on events and people in his life.
For example in Oliver Twist, . In Little Dorrit,
when he was a child. Dickens was also an actor
and public speaker. He often read his stories to audiences in England and America.
agricultural

article
( )
audience
based on
,

honor
literature
migrant worker

non-fiction
,
short stories

work
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

cell phone

folder
photocopier

stapler

wastebasket

G U I D E
66
Where is it?
33
Speaking
Work with a partner. One is Speaker A; the other is Speaker B. Speaker A: Look at this page;
Speaker B: Look at page 75. A B . A
B 75 .
Step 1 PAIR WORK Read the sentences and draw all the items in the picture.
.
A photocopier is next to the door.
A desk is near the window.
A wastebasket is under the desk.
A newspaper is on the desk.
Some pens are in front of the computer.
Step 2 PAIR WORK Take turns asking your partner where the items are. Speaker A: Ask
about the items below; Speaker B: Look at page 75. B
. B .
computer
cell phone
folder
stapler
chair
Step 3 PAIR WORK In turns, one person describes the location of the things in the picture
without saying what each thing is, and the partner finds out what it is.
.
Example:
Speaker A: Its next to the door.
Speaker B: Is it a photocopier?
Speaker A: Yes, thats right.
teSt pRepaRatiOn
In tests such as TOEIC

, some questions may ask you to choose an appropriate preposition


to complete the sentence. Can you answer the question below?
. .
Here Morty and Harris, we have been helping our customers and communities for
over 25 years.
A. at C. on
B. of D. to
' 25
' ,
'' .
G U I D E
67
33
WRiting
Step 1 Look at Picture A below. Make at least five sentences to describe it using prepositions
like on, next to, in, and between. A , on next to, in, between
5 .
A
Example:
A clock is on the nightstand. or There is a clock on the nightstand.
Step 2 Look at Picture B below. As you did in Step 1, make at least five sentences to describe
what you see using prepositions like on, next to, in, and between. Step 1 B on
next to, in, between 5
.
B
Step 3 WRItIng JOuRnAl Now, compare the two pictures and find the differences. Write
your sentences in your writing journal. A B .
Example:
In both Picture A and B, there is a clock on the nightstand. A nightgown and pajamas are
on the bed in Picture A, but in Picture B a shirt and pants are on the bed.
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

G U I D E
68
Im sorry about that.
34
Speaking
Step 1 Fill in the blanks with appropriate prepositions.
.
Speaker A: Im thinking leaving the company.
Speaker B: Why?
Speaker A: Im fed up my boss. Hes always angry me.
Speaker B: Im sorry to hear that. So what are you going to do?
Speaker A: Well, it depends the situation.
Step 2 Fill in the blanks with appropriate prepositions. If a preposition is not necessary, leave
an empty space. .
.
Speaker A: Im really angry my Internet service.
Speaker B: Why? Whats wrong?
Speaker A: Its too slow.
Speaker B: Did you talk the company it?
Speaker A: Well, I tried calling the company, but they didnt answer,
so I e-mailed them.
Step 3 ROle PlAy Work with a partner. One is Speaker A; the other is Speaker B. Practice
the dialogues in Steps 1 and 2. A B Step 1 Step 2
.
teSt pRepaRatiOn
In IELTS Academic Writing Task 1, you are
often asked to describe a table or a chart.
The preposition by can be used when describing the change. IELTS
1 . by
.
Can you describe the change in price in the table below?
.
Price of a cheeseburger
year 2012 2013
Price $3.00 $4.50
' ' 'go up'
. 'go up by' .
e.g., The price went up by 30%.
G U I D E
69
34
WRiting
Step 1 Using the expressions below, write sentences about yourself.
.
Im (not) interested in . . .
Im good at . . .
Im bad at . . .
Im (not) afraid of . . .
Im thinking of . . .
I belong to . . .
I listen to . . .
I (dont) get along with . . .
Step 2 WRItIng JOuRnAl Using the sentences in Step 1, write a short paragraph about
yourself in your writing journal. Try to add details. Step 1
.
Example:
Im interested in music, so I always listen to it. I belong to a school
band and Ive learned to play a few musical instruments. Now, Im
quite good at playing the piano. But Im not very good at playing
the guitar because Ive just started to learn to play it. After the guitar,
Im thinking of learning to play the drums.
Step 3 WRItIng JOuRnAl Now, write about someone you know in your writing journal.
Use the expressions in Step 1 and add details if possible.
. Step 1 .
and but,
because (Guide 30 ) .
Step 1

.

.
age ,
marital status

nationality

hometown
,
favorite
,
interests
,
interested in
...

arise ,

G U I D E
70
Put your hands up!
35
Speaking
Step 1 PAIR WORK Work with a partner. One is Speaker A; the other is Speaker B. Speaker
A: Mime one of the actions below; Speaker B: Guess what it is. A B
. A B .
get in a car look out the window stand up
put on a jacket take off your shoes get up in the morning
look up at the sky run away fall off a bike
turn around sit down lie down
Example:
Speaker A: (A is miming sitting down.)
Speaker B: You are sitting down.
Step 2 PAIR WORK Speaker B: Mime one of the actions above; Speaker A: Guess what it is.
B A .
Step 3 SPeeCH Work in pairs. While one mimes
an action, the other describes what he or she is doing to
others. .
.
teSt pRepaRatiOn
Most speaking tests are not very formal. Avoid language that is too formal. Use phrasal verbs
rather than single words because it is the way English speakers normally speak. For example,
get up and stand up are much more common in everyday spoken language than arise.
.
. . , arise
get up stand up .

.
mime (
)

G U I D E
71
35
WRiting
Step 1 Read the questions below and answer them. .
What time do you usually get up on weekdays/weekends?
Is there anything you would like to give up doing?
Do you usually put things away right after using them?
If you dont know the meaning of a word, do you look it up in the dictionary?
Do you work out at a gym? (If the answer is yes) How often?
As a child, what did you want to do when you grew up?
Do you get along with your brother/sister/parents?
Step 2 PAIR WORK Choose some of the questions in Step 1. Ask your partner and write
down his or her answers. .
Step 3 WRItIng JOuRnAl Write about yourself and your partner in your writing
journal. Add details or write down what you think about them if possible. Compare the sentences
with your partner. .
. .
Example:
If I dont know the meaning of a word, I dont look it up in the dictionary. I just ask the
teacher or somebody around. But Sung-min always looks up the words he doesnt know.
He uses a dictionary more than I do.

. .
e.g., I usually look up words in the dictionary, but my partner never
uses a dictionary.
gym
72
GUIDE 4 : What does he look like?
SPEAKING
STEP 2 PAIR WORK Work with a partner. A B .
Look at the picture below and answer your partners questions. Then ask about Tony and Paul.
Find out which people they are in the picture. .
. .
Example:
Speaker A: What does Susie look like? ?
Speaker B: Susie? Susie is slim. She has dark straight hair. ?
.
STEP 3 PAIR WORK Now ask your partner about his or her friends and family.
.
GUIDE 12 : What can you do?
SPEAKING
STEP 1 PAIR WORK Work with a partner. A B .
Ask your partner for the missing information and fill in the table below.
.
Can /he/
she/you . . . ?
type? speak another
language?
swim? cook? (your idea)
Mina
Jake
Yes. Yes. Spanish. Yes, very well. No.
Mr. Han
Ms. Lawrence
Yes. No. No. Yes, a little.
(your partner)
Activities for Speaker B
73
GUIDE 15 : Dont do it.
SPEAKING
STEP 1 PAIR WORK Your partner will say a sentence first. Choose and say a sentence or
phrase below that you think matches it. Check with your partner if the dialogue sounds natural.
. .
.
Please be quiet. .
Please turn on the light. .
Believe me. .
Get on it. .
Go away. .
STEP 2 PAIR WORK Choose any sentence below and say it to your partner. Your partner
will reply with a sentence or phrase Check with your partner if the dialogue sounds natural.
. 30 .
.
Its dangerous here. .
Its very hot today. .
Its too expensive. .
Thats very rude. .
Its no problem. .
STEP 3 PAIR WORK Practice saying each pair of sentences together.
.
GUIDE 19 : Do you know where it is?
SPEAKING
STEP 1 Read the story below. Some parts are missing. (Speaker A has the same story, but the
missing parts are different.) . . (Speaker A
.)
Nicole and Jane are sisters. Nicole is 22, and Jane is years old.
They live in Boston. Yesterday, they went to a party. But they had to leave early
because . Nicole said she was OK, but Jane was worried. It took
them one hour to get home. They arrived at and had dinner at
8:30. Now its . Nicole is , and Jane is reading
a book in .
74
GUIDE 23 : Whose is it?
SPEAKING
STEP 2 PAIR WORK Work with a partner. A B .
Look at the pictures below and answer Speaker As questions.
.
STEP 3 PAIR WORK Now, look at the picture above and ask Speaker A to find out whose
each item is. .
GUIDE 28 : The biggest animal in the world
SPEAKING
STEP 1 PAIR WORK Answer your partners questions and talk as in the example:
.
The biggest animal in the world:
The fastest land animal in the world:
The slowest animal in the world:
The most intelligent animal in the world:
Example:
Speaker A: What is the biggest animal in the world?
Speaker B: Is it an elephant?
Speaker A: No, elephants are not as big as this animal.
Speaker B: Then, is it a blue whale?
Speaker A: Yes, thats right. A blue whale is the biggest animal in the world.
75
cell phone

folder
photocopier

stapler

wastebasket

STEP 2 PAIR WORK Ask your partner these questions and talk as in the example:
.
The tallest building in the world: Burj Khalifa in Dubai
The largest bird in the world: ostrich
The smallest bird in the world: humming bird
The longest insect in the world: stick insect
What is the tallest building in the world?
What is the largest/smallest bird in the world?
What is the longest insect in the world?
Example:
Speaker B: What is the tallest building in the world?
Speaker A: Is it the Empire State Building?
Speaker B: No, the Empire State Building is not as tall as this building.
Speaker A: Then, is it the Burj Khalifa?
Speaker B: Yes, thats right. The Burj Khalifa is the tallest building in the world.
STEP 3 Do you know any other world records about animals or in general? Talk about them
with your partner. ? .
GUIDE 33 : Where is it?
SPEAKING
STEP 1 PAIR WORK Read the sentences below and draw all the items in the picture.
.
A computer is on the desk.
A cell phone is next to the computer.
A folder is under the cell phone.
A stapler is in front of the cell phone.
A chair is in front of the desk.
STEP 2 PAIR WORK Take turns asking your partner where the items are. Ask your partner
about the items below. A . A
.
photocopier
desk
wastebasket
newspaper
pens
STEP 3 PAIR WORK In turns, one person describes the location of the things in the picture
without saying what the thing is, and the partner finds out what it is.
.
Example:
Speaker A: Its next to the door.
Speaker B: Is it a photocopier?
Speaker A: Yes, thats right.
76
GUIDE 1
SPEAKING STEP 1 ()
1. ?
2.?
3.?
4.?
5.?
6.?
7.?
8.?
9.?
SPEAKING STEP 2()
1. My name is Min-young.
2. Im 27.
3. Yes, Im married. or No, Im not
married. / Im single.
4. Im Korean. Im from Seoul.
5. Im a student.
6. My father is a journalist.
7. My mother is a homemaker.
8. My favorite color is purple.
9. Im interested in (watching)
movies.
TEST PREPARATION
(B)
sale
beis.
WRITING STEP 2 ()
.
..
.
.
.17.
314.
.
.9.
..
.
.
WRITING STEP 2 ()
My name is Shi-eun. Im from
Korea. Im a secretary. My
company is in Bundang. Bundang
is near Seoul. Its a nice city. I am
30 years old. My birthday is July 9.
I have a sister. Her name is Shi-ah.
She is 29 years old. My father is a
business person. My mother is a
teacher. Im interested in K-pop
music. My favorite singer is Psy.
GUIDE 2
SPEAKING STEP 1 ()
A:,..
?
B:,.
.
?
A:.
SPEAKING STEP 2 ()
A: Hello, Joe. This is Sunny.
What are you doing?
B: Hello, Sunny. Actually, Im
working now. Can I call you
back later?
A: Uh, yeah. Sure.
TEST PREPARATION
Speaking The people are waiting
for a bus at the bus stop.
Writing 1. Three people are
waiting for a bus. 2. The bus
driver is driving a/the bus.
WRITING STEP 1
is cooking; are drinking tea; is
in-line skating; is chasing a dog; am
playing volleyball
WRITING STEP 2
We are having a wonderful time.
My father is cooking hamburgers.
Grandfather and Uncle Tom are
drinking tea. My mother is in-line
skating. My sister is chasing a dog.
I am playing volleyball with my
cousins.
GUIDE 3
TEST PREPARATION
()
What is your daily routine?
On weekdays, I go to school in the
morning and usually study until 4.
After school, I come home and
have some free time.(
4
.
.)
What time do you usually get up /
go to bed?
I usually get up at 7.
(7.)
I usually go to bed at 10:30.
(10:30.)
What do you do on the weekend /
in your free time?
I hang out with my friends on the
weekend.(
.)
I usually listen to music or play
online games in my free time.
(
.)
How do you usually spend your
evenings?
I usually relax at home in the
evening.(
.)
Do you have any free time during the
week?
Yes, I usually have some free time
in the evening.(,
.)
Not really. Im quite busy during
the week.(.
.)
Answer Key
77
WRITING STEP 1
take a salsa lesson; go to the
movies; watch videos at home;
hang out with friends; study; get up
(late); go to the park and ride a
bicycle; do my homework; play
computer games
WRITING STEP 1()

.
.
.

.9
.

.
.
.

!
GUIDE 4
SPEAKING STEP 2
Jon is tall and slim. Brad is
muscular. He has short blond hair.
Tony has dark hair. He has a beard
and mustache. Paul is short and
heavy.
WRITING STEP 1()
.
.
..
,,
.,

,
.,
TV,TV
..
TEST PREPARATION
(B)
TOEIC'everyspring'

.
always/usually/occasionally/
frequently/onceamonth/everyyear
.
GUIDE 5
SPEAKING STEP 1 ()
A:30.
B:..
A:.
TEST PREPARATION
What kind of school did you go to?
I went to a coed high school.
(
.)
Did you go to a coed school?
No, I went to a girls high school.
(,.)
What was your favorite subject?
My favorite subject was English.
(
.)/IlikedP.E.
(.)
WRITING STEP 1
(b)-(c)-(e)-(d)-(f )-(a)
WRITING STEP 2 ()

.
.
78
.750
810
.
,
.
.
.
.
.
WRITING STEP 2
had; woke; didnt go; get; leave;
got; left; ran; came; took; cost; was;
was; was
GUIDE 6
SPEAKING STEP 1 ()
A:.
?
B:.
.
A:..
WRITING STEP 1 ()
.
.
.

.
.

.
.

.
78
WRITING STEP 2 ()
(1) I went to a street market last
Sunday. It was very busy. Some
people were buying things.
Others were just looking.
I went to a fruit seller and
bought some apples.
(
.
.
,

.
.)
(2) Tim was playing basketball at the
gym when he broke his ankle.
We were talking when he fell.
(
.

.)
(3) The children were watching TV
when I opened the door. They
looked at me and said,
Come and watch this! Its
great!
(
TV.
'
!!
.)
TEST PREPARATION
()
,
57

.
.

.
()
(at a restaurant) We were still
eating, but the waiter brought the
check.
()
,
.
(at the library) I was looking for a
book when the fire alarm went off.
()
.
(at a gym shower) The shower
stopped while I was washing my
hair.
()

.
(at a hotel) I was carrying four
heavy bags, but no hotel staff
helped.
()

.
GUIDE 7
SPEAKING STEP 1 ()
A:Kelly?
B:.
A:Kelly,Joan.Joan,
Kelly.
TEST PREPARATION
()
1. Phones have changed a lot over
the last 30 years. People used to
use dial phones. But now cell
phones are very common.
(30
.

.)
2. Childrens toys have changed a
lot over time. We used to play
with simple toys, play Frisbee or
checkers when we were young.
But these days many children
play with computers or smart
phones.
(
.
,
,

.
WRITING STEP 3()

.
.
.
GUIDE 8
SPEAKING STEP 1 ()
A:?
B:,.
A:?.
B:
,.
SPEAKING STEP 3 ()

.
.

.
WRITING STEP 1()
,
?
.
3
.
,
.
.
,
..
??
.

79
WRITING STEP 1
(2) ve been
(3) ve already visited
(2) went
(3) havent been to
(3) ve just bought
WRITING STEP 2
1. Ive already/just visited some
interesting places.
2. I havent been to Disneyland
yet.
3. Ive already/just bought a ticket,
and Im so excited.
TEST PREPARATION
(C)

.since
.
since
.
GUIDE 9
SPEAKING STEP 1
When was Mona Lisa painted?
Who was Mona Lisa painted by?
(or Who painted Mona Lisa?)
When was the first telephone
invented?
Who was the first telephone
invented by? (or Who invented the
first telephone?)
When was William Shakespeare
born?
Where was William Shakespeare
born?
SPEAKING STEP 2
Mona Lisa was painted in the
sixteenth century.
Mona Lisa was painted by Leonardo
da Vinci. (or Leonardo da Vinci
painted Mona Lisa.)
The first telephone was invented
in 1876.
The first telephone was invented
by Alexander Graham Bell.
(or Alexander Graham Bell
invented the first telephone.)
William Shakespeare was born
in the sixteenth century.
William Shakespeare was born
in Stratford, England.
WRITING STEP 1
are dried; are roasted; are cooled;
are mixed; are frozen; are ground;
are packed
WRITING STEP 2()

.
.
.
.
.

.
TEST PREPARATION
c - e - d - b- a
(),,
.
.
.
.

.
GUIDE 10
SPEAKING STEP 1 ()
A:,June?Mia.
B:,Mia!?
A:,ChrisSteve
.?
B:.
TEST PREPARATION
(B)
'nextweek'
''
.
am/are/is-ing
.
WRITING STEP 1()
:
:MonicaCruz
:201361
:
5310
30KTX
.12
30.
.
2430
.
WRITING STEP 2
(a) are leaving
(b) is going to meet
(a) begins
(b) are taking
WRITING STEP 2()
:EvaTorez
:
:20131116
:
11202
LA.
Ms.Song
.11
229.
11231245LA
.
80
GUIDE 11
SPEAKING STEP 1
1. at home
A: Shall we put the air conditioner
on? Its really hot in here.
B: Thats a good idea. Ill do it.
A: Thanks. Shall I close the
window then?
1.
A:?.
B: ..
A:.?
2. in an office
A: Excuse me. Will Mr. Park be
back soon?
B: No, Im afraid not. He wont be
back till four.
A: Oh, I see. Thanks.
2.
A:
?
B: 4
.
A:,..
3. at a restaurant
A: Excuse me. Will my food be
ready soon?
B: Yes. Itll be ready in a few
minutes.
A: OK. Thanks / Thank you.
3.
A:,
?
B: ..
A:..
4. at a train station
A: Excuse me. Will the train be
here soon?
B: Yes. Itll arrive in three minutes.
A: OK. Thank you / Thanks.
4.
A:.
?
B: .3.
A:.
TEST PREPARATION
()
1. I think there will be folding
smart phones in the next 10
years. (10

.)
2. I think it will be even more
important to have a good
education in the future. Good
schools and teachers will be
essential for a persons success.
(

.)
3. I predict that online shopping
will be even more common in
the future. (

.
WRITING STEP 3()
A hundred years from now, I think
that life wont be so different from
now. I dont think that ordinary
people will travel to the moon.
People wont eat food as capsules.
But I think that robots will do
household chores. Moms will have
less housework. Children will be
able to choose whether to go to
school or study at home.
I think that life will be pretty much
the same as now, but it will be
more convenient.
(100
.
.

.
.
.
,
.

.)
GUIDE 12
SPEAKING STEP 1()
(Mina)
Can Mina type?
No, she cant.
Can she speak another language?
Yes, she can. She can speak
Japanese and English.
Can she swim?
Yes, a little.
Can she cook?
No, she cant.
(Jake)
Can Jake type?
Yes, he can.
Can he speak another language?
Yes. He can speak Spanish.
Can he swim?
Yes, he can. He can swim very
well.
Can he cook?
No, he cant.
TEST PREPARATION
()
1. Yes. Im going to visit my
grandmother.(,
.)
Not really. I might go out, but
I dont know. (.
.)
2. Well, I might go to New York.
(,.)
3. I will look for a job.
(.)
81
GUIDE 13
SPEAKING STEP 1
1.
A: Hey, are you OK?
(,?)
B: I worked 15 hours today.
(15.)
A: Really? Thats too bad.
You must be tired.
(?..)
B: Yeah. I think I should go to
bed.
(,.)
2.
A: Hey, are you OK?
(,?)
B: I havent eaten anything all day.
(.)
A: Really? Thats too bad.
You must be hungry.
(?..)
B: Yeah. Im going to eat
something now.
(,.)
3.
A: Hey, are you OK?
(,?)
B: I didnt get the job.
(.)
A: Really? Thats too bad.
You must be disappointed.
(?..)
B: Yeah. Im going to have to try
harder next time.
(,
.)
TEST PREPARATION
()
1. I think parents should be strict
with their children. Children
need discipline.(

.
.)
2. I think people should exercise
every day to stay healthy.
(

.)
3. I think young people in Korea
spend too much time online.
Its not good for them.
(
.
.)
4. I dont think boys and girls
should go to separate schools.
They need a chance to get to
know each other naturally.
(
.

.
WRITING STEP 1()
1. Students have to put their things
away after class.
2. Office workers have to get to
work on time.
3. Students shouldnt use cell
phones in class.
4. Office workers shouldnt smoke
at work.
5. Korean men must do military
service.
6. I have to make the bed and
clean my room every day.
WRITING STEP 2 ()
In class, you have to listen to your
teacher.(
.)
In the office, you mustnt use other
peoples computers.(
.)
GUIDE 14
TEST PREPARATION
()
1. I would like to visit Hollywood.
I hear that there are a lot of
attractions like theaters and
shops. I would like to see
famous movie stars, too!
(.

.
!)
2. I would like to spend my
summer vacation in Saipan.
Its a small island in the Pacific
Ocean. Its warm all year long,
and the beaches are very clean.
I want to enjoy swimming and
snorkeling there.
(
.
.
.

.)
3. I would like to live in
Switzerland because of the clean
air and beautiful mountains.
I also love their chocolate.
(
.

.)
WRITING STEP 1()
Dear Liz,
How are you doing? Im
making plans now for your visit
and have some questions for
you. What would you like to
do? Would you like to visit old
palaces in Seoul? Or would
you rather look around shops
downtown?
Im looking forward to seeing
you soon!
Love,
Eun-joo
82
WRITING STEP 2()
Dear Eun-joo,
Thanks for your letter. Im so
excited! Im really looking
forward to my trip.
When Im there, Id rather visit
some old palaces than shops.
Id also like to go to some
museums with you.
See you soon!
Love,
Liz
GUIDE 15
SPEAKING STEP 1
Im not lying. Believe me.
Here comes the bus. Get on it.
I dont want to talk to you. Go
away.
The baby is sleeping. Please be
quiet.
Its getting dark. Please turn on the
light.
SPEAKING STEP 2
Its dangerous here. Dont go out
alone at night.
It is very hot today. Dont stay out
too long.
Its too expensive. Dont buy it.
Thats very rude. Dont speak to
me like that.
Its no problem. Dont worry
about it.
TEST PREPARATION
(A)
.
,
'beforepurchasing'

.
GUIDE 16
SPEAKING STEP 1()
A:TV?
B:'WhoKnowsEverything?'4
10.
A:?
B:,.'JurassicLand'8
1050.
TEST PREPARATION
()
1. I live in Jongno.
(.)
2. There are many old buildings
in my neighborhood.
(
.)
3. Old houses in my neighborhood
have traditional roofs and gates.
Some are used as coffee shops
now. There are old palaces, too.
Those palaces are beautiful and
have great gardens inside.
(
.

..

.)
WRITING STEP 1()
It's Jeju City.(.)
Its usually sunny and warm, but
often windy.(
.)
Theres a mountain.
(.)
There are nice trekking courses and
museums.(
.)
Many foreigners visit Jeju every
year because there are so many fun
things to do.(

.)
They can go trekking and visit
museums.(
.)
GUIDE 17
WRITING STEP 1
too; either; so; neither
WRITING STEP 1()
.
.
,
.
,.
.
.
,
.
,
.
.
,.

,.
TEST PREPARATION
(B)
'increase'
''
'sodoesthehumidity'.
doesincreases
.
GUIDE 18
SPEAKING STEP 1
Whatwasthepartylike?
Whowasthere?
Whatdidyoudo?
DidMariedance?
83
WRITING STEP 2()
1. Who is your best friend in the
music business?(

?)
2. Have you ever been to Korea?
If so, what did you like most?
(?,
?)
3. Can you tell us about your new
album?(
.)
TEST PREPARATION
()
Do you like your new apartment?
How many bedrooms/bathrooms
are there?
Is there a balcony?
Is the living room large?
GUIDE 19
SPEAKING STEP 3
Nicole and Jane are sisters. Nicole
is 22, and Jane is 19 years old.
They live in Boston. Yesterday,
they went to a party. But they had
to leave early because Nicole was
tired. Nicole said she was OK, but
Jane was worried. It took them one
hour to get home. They arrived at
8 and had dinner at 8:30. Now its
11 oclock. Nicole is sleeping and
Jane is reading a book in her room.
TEST PREPARATION
(B)

'onthesecondfloor
(2)'.
WRITING STEP 3()
Dear Sarah,
Im writing to get some advice
from you. My friend Helen is
upset with me, but I dont
know why. She hasnt talked
to me since we went to a party
last month. Could you tell me
if I did anything wrong then?
Maybe I did something wrong
at the party, but I dont
remember. If you remember
anything, please tell me what
I should do.
Thanks and best wishes,
David
GUIDE 20
TEST PREPARATION
(B)
may
.us
tell.say/speak/talk
to'tous'
.
WRITING STEP 1()
Get well soon.(.)
I will help you with your
homework.(.)
I miss you.(.)
School is not fun without you.
(.)
I cleaned your desk.
(.)
Im taking care of your plant in the
classroom.(
.)
WRITING STEP 2()
Dear Chul-soo,
I hope you get well soon.
We all miss you so much.
Jane said she would visit you
soon and help you with your
homework. Won-ho said he
cleaned your desk. And Sook
said she was taking care of your
plant in the classroom.
See you soon at school!
Love,
Mi-young
GUIDE 21
SPEAKING STEP 1
Im going out to get some fresh air.
(.)
Just wait for the door to open.
(.)
He didnt have money for food.
(.)
I looked through the peephole to
see who it was.(
.)
She took aspirin to relieve the pain.
(
.)
Can you make time for a cup of
coffee?(?)
Is he going to Toronto for an
interview next week?(
?)
Ive got to get up early to catch the
first train in the morning.
(
.)
They called 119 to get some help.
(119
.)
84
SPEAKING STEP 2()
I got up early to see the sunrise.
(
.)
I went to the library for a book.
(.)
I went to the post office to send a
letter to my grandfather.
(
.)
I went to the store to buy a new
TV.(TV
.)
I called Jenny and Eric to invite
them out to dinner.(

.)
I took a camera to take some
pictures.(
.)
I tried on the dress for fun.
(.)
TEST PREPARATION
(C)
consider/offer/suggest
-ing.
WRITING STEP 1
Dont forget to study before a test.
(
.)
Finish doing your homework
before dinner.
(.)
Refuse to cheat.
(.)
Enjoy watching a movie.
(.)
I suggest going to see a doctor if
you have a fever.(
.)
WRITING STEP 2
to arrive; to bring; to make; saying;
cleaning
WRITING STEP 2()
,
.

.
?

.
!

GUIDE 22
SPEAKING STEP 1()
A:?
B:.
.
A:,.
TEST PREPARATION
()
1. I take the subway to go
everywhere because its cheap
and convenient.
(
.
.)
2. Many Koreans relax at home
on weekends. They work hard
during the week and need
some rest on weekends.
(
.
.)
3. On weekends, I usually hang out
with friends or visit relatives.
(
.)
4. I would like to go to Egypt on
holiday because Ive always
wanted to see the pyramids and
the Sphinx. (
.
.)
WRITING STEP 2()
,

.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.!

GUIDE 23
SPEAKING STEP 1()
A:?
B:./.
A:?
B:./,.
TEST PREPARATION
(B)
'delete'''
them
.
WRITING STEP 1
it; It; its
85
WRITING STEP 1()

.
WRITING STEP 2()
A camel can go without water for a
long time. Many people believe
that it holds water in its hump, but
the truth is that it stores water in its
bloodstream, and fat is stored in its
hump.(
.

,
,.)
GUIDE 24
SPEAKING STEP 1
a pair of pantyhose
() 7
a cup of tea () 1
some flowers () 3
a bar of soap () 10
a carton of milk () 4
a loaf of bread () 2
some paper () 5
an envelope () 6
six eggs () 8
a chicken () 9
TEST PREPARATION
,

.
()
My hobby is reading books.
(.)
Rabbits eat grass.
(.)
Sad movies always make me cry.
(.)
WRITING STEP 1
sugar - three tablespoons
flour - 150 grams
egg - one
milk - 250 ml
butter- onetablespoon
WRITING STEP 2
(a)-(d)-(f )-(e)-(c)-(b)
WRITING STEP 3
Pancake Recipe
Ingredients: 150 grams of
flour, 250 ml of milk, one egg,
one tablespoon of butter, three
tablespoons of sugar
Directions:
a) Mix the flour and sugar in a
bowl.(
.)
b) Beat in the egg and then add
the milk.(
.)
c) Mix everything together.
(.)
d) Heat up the butter in a frying
pan.(
.)
e) Pour one scoop of the
mixture into the pan.
(
.)
f ) When large bubbles form
on the surface, flip over and
cook until golden on the
other side.(

.)
GUIDE 25
TEST PREPARATION
Intheleft-handphoto,Iseea
woman in the living room. I also
see a TV on a TV stand. In the
right-hand photo, I see a woman
in the kitchen. I also see a
refrigerator, sink, and an oven.
AwomaniswatchingTVinthe
left-hand photo. She is in the
living room. A woman is
cooking in the right-hand
photo. She is in the kitchen.
Thewomanintheleft-hand
photo is relaxing / watching TV
and a woman in the right-hand
photo is cooking/working.
WRITING STEP 1()
A:?
B:,
.
.
A:?
B:,.
A:?
B:.
GUIDE 26
SPEAKING STEP 1()
:
.
:?
:,.
?
:?
:.
TEST PREPARATION
(B)
''either
.both,neither
.
86
WRITING STEP 1()
Im very interested in politics.
(.)
No, I don't have much free time.
(,
.)
I dont like Italian food very much.
(.)
Idonttravelalot. (
.)
Ihavemanyfriends.
(.)
I dont know many people in my
neighborhood.(
.)
I dont drink much coffee.
(.)
I watch TV a lot.
(TV.)
I dont know much about
computers.(
.)
GUIDE 27
SPEAKING STEP 1
Age: new; old
Size: large; medium-sized; small
Shape: long; round; short; square
Color: brown; green; pink; red
Other: heavy; light
TEST PREPARATION
()
Sadly, he never came back.
Fortunately, her business was
successful.
Luckily, I arrived home before the
heavy rain began.
WRITING STEP 1
He drove dangerously. I was scared
and screamed loudly.
It was raining heavily. I was cold
and wet.
The man was walking slowly. He
was hungry and tired.
WRITINGSTEP 2
Ibrokemysistersmirror.She
shouted at me, and I said I was
sorry.(()
.
.)
Hefailedthetestagain.
He sounded disappointed.
(.

.)
Shewascookingsomething.
It smelled terrible.(
.
.)
Shefinallystartedsinging.Itwas
lovely and I listened carefully.
(
.
.)
Icalledherseveraltimes,but
there was no answer. I got
worried.(

..)
GUIDE 28
TEST PREPARATION
()
Computerstodayaremuch
more powerful than before.
SeoulisolderthanWashington.
WRITING STEP 1()

.
''
.
.

.
GUIDE 29
SPEAKING STEP 1
(c)-(b)-(e)-(f )-(a)-(d)
SPEAKING STEP 1()
:?
?
:,?
?
:7050.
:,.
:?
:,
.
.
:.
.
.
:?
:30.
:,.
?
:..
TEST PREPARATION
(D)
WRITING STEP 2
happy; enough; too; difficult; too;
late; kind; enough
87
:
:
518
.
.
.
,
.,
.

.
,

.
,

.
GUIDE 30
TEST PREPARATION
()
We give presents to friends on their
birthday. (
.)
People usually give presents to
their parents on Parents Day.
(
.)
WRITINGSTEP 1
1. but
2. because
3. or
4. or
5. so
6. and
7. because
8. so
WRITINGSTEP 2
and; and; so; but; because
WRITING STEP 2()
and; and; so; but; because

.
12
.

.
.
300

.
.
.
.

.
GUIDE 31
TEST PREPARATION
()
I live in the country now. From
my experience, living in the
country is much better. If I lived in
the city, I couldnt stand the busy
life and traffic there.(
.

.)
GUIDE 32
SPEAKING STEP 1
Sheep are animals which give us
wool.(
.)
A watch is a device which tells the
time.(
.)
A fridge is a machine that keeps
food fresh.(
.)
A patient is a person who receives
medical care.(
.)
Gustave Eiffel is the architect who
built the Eiffel Tower.(
.)
Romeo and Juliet is a play that
Shakespeare wrote.('
'.)
A kitchen is a place where you
cook food.(
.)
Neil Armstrong is the first man
who walked on the moon.
(
.)
TEST PREPARATION
()
Hanbok is the name for Korean
traditional clothes, which men
and women have worn for a
long time.(

.)
Chuseok is a traditional Korean
holiday which is similar to
Thanksgiving in America.
(
.)
WRITING STEP 1
2. He wrote 27 books, which
include non-fiction and short
stories.
3. One of his famous works is
The Grapes of Wrath, which was
based on his newspaper articles
about migrant workers.
4. In 1962, Steinbeck won the
Nobel Prize for literature, which
is the highest honor a writer can
receive.
88
WRITING STEP 2()
who; which; which; which
1902
.

27.

.
'
',

.1962

.
WRITINGSTEP 3
CharlesDickenswasanEnglish
writer who lived from 1812 to
1870.
Hewrotebookswhichhave
been translated into many
languages.
InOliver Twist, Dickens
described children who were
poor.
InLittle Dorrit, he described a
prison which he used to visit to
see his father when he was a
child.
WRITINGSTEP 3()
18121870
.
,
.12
.

.
,''
.'
'

.
.

.
GUIDE 33
TEST PREPARATION
(A)
WRITINGSTEP 1
A clock is on the nightstand.
A table lamp is on the nightstand.
Two pillows are on the bed.
A nightgown is on the bed.
Some pajamas are on the bed.
The bed is next to the nightstand.
Some clothes are in the closet.
A mirror is on the dresser.
A hairbrush is on the dresser.
A comb is between the mirror and
the hairbrush.
WRITINGSTEP 2
A clock is on the nightstand.
A table lamp is on the nightstand.
Two pillows are on the bed.
Some pajamas are on the bed.
Some flowers are on the dresser.
A mirror is on the wall.
The bed is between the nightstand
and the dresser.
Some clothes are in the closet.
GUIDE 34
SPEAKINGSTEP 1
of/about; with; at/with; on
SPEAKINGSTEP 2
about/with; to; about; - (
);-()
TEST PREPARATION
()
Thepriceofacheeseburger
went up from 3 dollars to
4 dollars 50 cents.
In2012,acheeseburgerwas
3 dollars, but in 2013, it was
4 dollars 50 cents.
Thepriceofacheeseburger
increased by 50%.
WRITINGSTEP 1()
Imnotinterestedinpolitics.
Imgoodatdancing.
Imbadatmath.
Imnotafraidofghosts.
Imthinkingofgettinga
part-time job.
Ibelongtoabookclub.
Ilistentoclassicalmusic.
Idontgetalongwithmy
brother.
GUIDE 35
WRITINGSTEP 1()
Iusuallygetupat6on
weekdays, but on weekends I
get up at 8.(6
,8
.)
Iwouldliketogiveupsmoking.
(.)
Idontputthingsawayright
after using them. I usually put
them away later.(

..)
Ialwayslookupdifficultwords
in the dictionary.(

.)
Iworkoutatthegymevery
day.(
.)
Iwantedtobeascientistwhen
I grew up.(
.)
Igetalongwithmyparents,
but sometimes I argue with my
sister.(
.()
.)
Basic Grammar in Use

1O[C

1O[j

N[A1 [j1S









This bilingual guidebook helps Korean learners of English take basic level
grammar and apply it in speaking and writing activities. A special Test
Preparation section in each unit also prepares learners for TOEIC

, TOEFL

,
NEAT and IELTS, by introducing the most common test questions with
correlated grammar points. The guidebook has been carefully designed for
different learning environments: self-study, study groups and classrooms.
It is especially appropriate for users of Basic Grammar in Use, but may also
be used by learners studying other grammar reference books. It contains
a full Answer Key.
Easy Speaking
and Writing
Guide for
Basic Grammar
www.cupkorea.co.kr