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Cause of the Revolution Flow Chart

Year Event Description Effect on Colonies (Economic, Political, Social) 17541763 French and Indian War -Lasted seven years -The French and Indians Vs. Britain and Colonists -United colonists against a common foe (the French and Indians) -Created a socializing experience -Learned about other colonies -Created bitter feelings towards the British after the war -It created more tension towards the British -Their land was taken away from them Effect on England (Economic, Political, Social) -Distressed by the resistance of the colonies -Big Debt (60 mil. pounds) -Increase colonial empire -contempt for the colonists by British -It created tensions between the British and the colonists because the British and the colonists because the British treated them badly How it led to the American Revolution.

1763

Proclamation of 1763

-The British closed the frontier to the colonists

-Wanted to stabilize relations with the West Indians

-The British made the colonists mad at them -Colonists were upset that their land was being taken away

1764

Sugar Act

-The first tax placed on goods in the American Colonies

-Colonists had to pay more money for goods

-England got more money for the royal government

-The Colonists didnt like being taxed

Year

Event

Description

Effect on Colonies (Economic, Political, Social)

Effect on England (Economic, Political, Social)

How it led to the American Revolution.

1765

Stamp Act

-Mandated the use of stamped paper (tax) to certify any legal documents

-Colonists had to pay more -Colonists rebelled -Showed that the unification towards British of colonies was a possibility -Lost money from colonists boycotting

-Colonists felt a sense if unity and had a common dislike towards Britain

1765

Quartering Act

-A law that said colonists had to take in British troops in their homes and feed them

-Colonists had resentment towards Britain -Had to spend more money on the troops

-Colonists resented British -Less unity between New World and England

-Colonists became upset at the British

1776

Declaratory Act

-Reaffirmed Parliaments right to bind the colonies in all cases whatsoever

-Made it clear that they would take dramatic action to secure their sovereignty

-Gave absolute and unqualified sovereignty over North American colonies

-Set the stage for a continuing confrontation

Year

Event

Description

Effect on Colonies (Economic, Political, Social)

Effect on England (Economic, Political, Social) -Established Board of Customs in Boston -Suspended the legislation of New York

How it led to the American Revolution.

1767

Townshend Duties

-Shift from tax laws to paying colonial government salaries -William Pitt -Charles Townshend -Tax imports

-More tension towards British -Increase of officials at American ports -Thought Britain was controlling them

-The colonists didnt want to pay any more taxes

1770

Boston Massacre

-Sixty townspeople went on a riot towards the redcoats

-Eleven citizens were wounded or killed

-Two soldiers were pronounced guilty of manslaughter

-It gave the colonists unity and the idea of fighting against the British

1773

Tea Act

-Meant to help the British East India Company get out of debt -Only the British East India Company could sell tea

-Angered the colonists -Had to buy tea from the British -Couldnt sell tea

-Got the B.E.I. company out of debt -They out a monopoly on tea

-The colonists didnt like how the B.E.I. Companys government put a monopoly on tea

1773

Boston Tea Party

-About 100 Bostonians dressed up as Indians and dumped 342 chests of tea into the Atlantic Ocean

-Showed their strength and determination to have things their own way

-Were taken aback by the colonists rebellious actions

-It lead to bitterness and escalating conflict

Year

Event

Description

Effect on Colonies (Economic, Political, Social)

Effect on England (Economic, Political, Social) -Colonists were upset -Could control the colonists in Massachusettes

How it led to the American Revolution.

1774

Coercive/ Intolerable Acts

-The chartered rights of colonial Massachusetts were swept away

-Were forced to pay more taxes on things -Made tensions -No self-government in Massachusetts

-The colonists were sick of paying taxes to the British

1774

First Continental Congress

-A consultative body -John Adams led it with three others -Created The Association

-Created unity within the colonists -Rebelled against Britain -Boycotted British goods

-Was being boycotted by the colonists

-The colonists started a group to rebel against the British

1775

Battles of Lexington and Concord

-Redcoats went to -Showed colonial power retrieve gunpowder at -Victory encouraged the Lexington colonists -Redcoats went to Concord to meet at the North Bridge

-273 British dead -Worried them about the colonists strengths

-Started the battles of the American Revolution -Encouraged by the victory

Year

Event

Description

Effect on Colonies (Economic, Political, Social)

Effect on England (Economic, Political, Social)

How it led to the American Revolution.

1775

Second Continental Congress

-Representatives from the 13 colonies

-Washington was chosen to be the general -Second appeal to the King -Olive Branch Petition

-There was a group -The British and Americans rebelling against them are split into two sides now

1776

Publication of Common Sense

-First call for independence -Attacked the King

-Colonists attacked the King -Persuaded congress to go all the way

-Their King was criticized

-Showed what the colonists were fighting for

1776

Declaration of Independence

-Involved the natural -Gave the colonies a sense rights of man of independence -List of 27 grievances -Natural rights the King had done wrong

-King didnt have complete control and power over the colonies

-Americans were motivated to become their own country