Introduction with Vocational Training Programme

Definition: Training is the organized procedure under which one gets acquainted
with the different kinds of parts and perspectives of the field/site work which therefore helps the individual a lot in future.

Objective: The objective of training is to achieve a change in behaviour of those
trained. Now we are much confident to apply our newly acquired knowledge and skills on the job in such a way as to aid in achievement of organizational goals.

Benefits: Following are the benefits of training in an organization• • • • •

Reduces the learning time. Improves performance. Practical knowledge. Attitude formation. Aid in solving operational problem. Confidence-build up.

Methodology: Training methodology we faced•

On-the-job: The whole site was visited; the queries and questions were put before the engineers of respective departments. All the activities, plants and machineries were sited and their features were taken into account. All in all entire field work was observed very keenly and efficiently. Class room: The planning manager ‘Mr. Santanu Chakraborty’ briefed us the entire training schedule. He guided us about all the aspects of construction work. Also we were given necessary data’s and documents to study which helped us a lot in completing this assignment. Evaluation: Questionnaires were faced.

About the Company
Name of the company:
LIMITED SIMPLEX INFRASTRUCTURES PRIVATE

Registered office:

SIMPLEX HOUSE 27 SHAKESPEARE SARANI, KOLKATA – 700017 SIMPLEX CONCRETE PILES (INDIA) LIMITED The Company was established in 1924 by H.P. Lancaster.

Former name: Established:

Features of the company:
Company is an ISO family since 2004. It is TUV certified valid till 3rd October 2010. It is an ISO 9001:2000 approved companies now replaced by IS/ISO 9001:2008. Major construction execution works are taken up by the company. Infrastructure building, flyovers, etc. are major construction works. It is executing hundreds of towers in country and abroad. It has many office branches in India and abroad. Its last year 2008-2009 turnover for the fiscal year of the project is Rs. 3500crores approx.

• • • • • •

Quality policy of the company:
“We, in simplex infrastructure private limited, are committed to execute projects as per customer requirements ensuring customer satisfaction through implementation of quality management system in accordance with ISO 9001:2008 and making continual efforts to enhance quality”.

Objectives of the company:
• To inculcate in the minds of the employees the culture of project execution with consistent quality assurance and adherence to milestones as per customer’s requirements through development of programmes and guidelines. To ensure and improve customer satisfaction. To maintain a conducive environment and infrastructural facilities at work places with due consideration to occupational health and safety legislations.

• •

Occupational health and safety policy:
• • •

Intends to maintain a safe and healthy environment and takes due care about occupational and safety of employees. Strives to achieve zero accident rates through having an effective and competent site management team and trained work forces. In case of emergencies, the project management team is always ready and quick to respond to them. The use of protective gears like safety helmets, protective shoes, safety nets etc. strictly enforced among the workers at the site.

About the project
Name of the project:
‘ELITA GARDEN VISTA’

Name of the client: KEPPEL MAGUS DEVELOPMENT PRIVATE LIMITED Name of Contractor:
LIMITED SIMPLEX INFRASTRUCTURES PRIVATE

Location of the site:

KEPPEL LAND SITE AKANDA KESARI, VILLAGE – KADA, NEW BAILEY BRIDGE, NEWTOWN, RAJARHAT KOLKATA – 700135

Jobs Description:
• •

Substructure work: Elita Garden Vista (EGV) main piling and pile caps/tie, beam work or substructure works. Superstructure work: Elita Garden Vista (EGV) apartment blocks – superstructure works (including basement car-park, podium, club house and swimming pool and major external works).

Introduction of the Project:
The work consists of the construction of 15 towers. Each tower having 2 segment and each segment having 2 flats. The towers are named in a clockwise direction as block 1 to block 16 (excluding block 6). At ground floor 50% area is used as apartment (2 apartments) and the rest as a car parking space. Elevated Podium construction is also taken over the entire space having an area of 27000m2 in between the tower line. The podium includes construction of basement car parking area, external roads, driveways, club house, swimming pool, mini cricket ground and many other facilities. The work consists of 15nos high-rise (22 storied in average, 327nos total floor @ 598m2/floor built-

up area, total 195509m2 and total 1278nos HIG flats) towers. The site has an approximate area of 24.9 acres. The type of foundation is pile foundation. The entire structure is an R.C.C framed structure.

Value of work:
• •

Substructure work: Superstructure work: phase -1: Phase -2: Total :

Rs. 29.22crores. Rs. 108crores. Rs. 68.9crores. Rs. 176.9crores.

Tenure of work:
• •

Substructure works:

5 months (18th October 2007 – 17thMarch 2008) (Revised date of completion 30th November 2008) Phase1- 31 months (22nd May’08 – 21st

Superstructure works: December’10)

Phase2 - 32 months (22nd May’08 – 21st January’11)

Contract No.:
• •

Substructure Works: C – 2293. Superstructure Works: C – 2362.

Consultants Involved (for superstructure work):
• • • • •

Civil and structural – S.P.A. Consultants. Mechanical and electrical – Entask Consultancy Services Private Limited. Quantity survey – Davis Langdon & Seah Consultancy Private Limited. Interior design – Suying Design Private Limited. Landscape – Site Concept Internationals.

Architectures Involved (for superstructure work):
• •

Project architect – Agrawal & Agrawal. Concept architect – Architects 61 private limited.

Material supplied by the client:
Following are the materials supplied by the client, KEPPEL MAGUS DEVELOPMENT PRIVATE LIMITED on free issue basis-

Reinforcement Steel, Wooden Door Frames, Wooden Architraves, Wooden Door Shutter, Door Fittings/Iron Mongeries, Vitrified Tiles, Ceramic Tiles, &Ceramic/Vitrified Skirting, etc.

Works (Scope) to be carried by Simplex Infrastructures Pvt. Ltd.:
• •

Substructure work: Pile Foundation, Pile Cap, Tie-beams and Ground Slab. Superstructure work: R.C.C Work, Brick Work, Door Frame, Interior Plastering, Interior Water Proofing, Balcony or Railing, Tiling and Backing, Floor Tiling, Door Shuttering, Architraves and Interior Painting, Miscellaneous, Exterior Plastering, Exterior Painting and General preliminaries except electrical, fire fighting, aluminium with glazing, Plumbing and sanitation works, and landscaping works

General outlay of work:
Project towers are divided into 2 phases which are arranged as according to marketing planning as well as construction schedule.
Size of each flats (m2) 112 109 112 132 109 112 132 132 Built up area (m2)/floor. 546 535 548 628 535 547 627 627 Tentative total floor area per block (m2). 8190 9630 13700 15700 9630 8205 18810 18810

Phase

Block

Total no. of floors 15 18 25 25 18 15 30 30

Total no. Of apartments 58 70 98 98 70 58 118 118

1a

1b 1c

B1 B2 B3 B14 B15 B16 B4 B5

Total no. Of apartments

=

688 102675 m2

Tentative total built up area =

Phase

Block

Total no. of floors 30 30 18 15 15 18 25

Total no. Of apartments 118 118 70 58 58 70 98

Size of each flats (m2) 132 132 109 132 132 109 132

Built up area (m2)/floor. 627 627 535 628 628 535 628

Tentative total floor area per block (m2). 18810 18810 9630 9420 9420 9630 15700

2a

2b

B12 B13 B7 B8 B9 B10 B11

Total no. Of apartments

=

590 91420 m2

Tentative total built up area =

Quantities of Major Items:
BASED ON B.O.Q QUANTITIES SL. NO. a b c d e f g h i j DESCRIPTION CONCRETE REINFORCEMENT SHUTTERING BRICK WORK-200 BRICK WORK-100/150 PLASTER INSIDE WALL PLASTER INSIDE CEIL PLASTER OUTSIDE FLOORING DADOING UNIT CUM MT SQM SQM SQM SQM SQM SQM SQM SQM 6231 925 43560 33371 PODIUM 26036 2144 65626 1737 BLOCKS 66939 9660 607181 113234 125058 325502 146629 274774 179590 67432 292 17930 2794 4670 EXTERNAL 1799 174 7554 TOTAL 94774 11979 680361 114971 125058 336403 147554 318626 230891 70226

k l

PAINTING INSIDE PAINTING OUTSIDE

SQM SQM

52241

526557 287930

1349 2887

580147 290817

Present status up to May-09 end:

Substructure work: Completed on 26/11/2008 at Rs. 27.58 Cr. Superstructure work: Phase 1 - Till May’09 Structural achievements R.C.C work – 43.5%; Block floor – 72 Nos Architectural achievements Brick work – 16.2%; Block floor – 30 Nos Financial status – 20% (Rs. 20.46crore out of Rs. 108crore) Phase 2 - Completed up to grade slab level on- 25/03/2009 at Rs. 1.00 Cr. (Super structural Works above Grade Slab Level to be kept under hold till further intimation from client).

Details of Contract (part I):
• Accepted Contract Amount: The Accepted Contract Amount shall be the Fixed Price Amount of Indian Rupees Twenty Nine Cr. Twenty One Lakhs Eighty Thousand Two Hundred and Fifty Eight only (INR 29,21,80,258.00/only) inclusive of all taxes, duties and the like except VAT and Service Tax. Fixed Price Contract: The Accepted Contract Amount is for a Fixed Price Contract which will be re-measured based on the method of measurement included within the tender documents and priced at contract rates. Contract Commencement and Completion: The possession of the site for this contract has been given on 19th September 2007.The commencement date shall be one (1) month after 19th September 2007, with a Contract Duration of 5 months after mobilisation period. Commencement Date: 18th October 2007. Completion Date : 17th March 2008.

Delay Damages: Should the company fail to complete the works by the Contract Completion date or any extended completion date, the Employer shall be entitled to recover from the company liquidated and ascertained damages as follows: 1% per week of Accepted Contract Amount subject to a maximum of 10% of Accepted Contract Amount. Performance Security: The value of the performance security for the works shall be 10% of the Accepted Contract Amount. Failure to do this will result in the client deducting the amount equivalent to the value of the security from the progress payments payable to the company. Coordination with the Employers’ Direct Contractors: The company shall allow access, interface, programme and organise the work and liaise closely with all contractors, that are directly engaged by the employer and afford whatever assistance, attendances and access that may be necessary to ensure the satisfactory and timely sequencing and completion of the works on site, control measures and planning, sequencing shall be provided. Programme: Within 2 weeks from the date of issue of the Letter of Award, the company has to furnish a detailed programme and organization chart for the Engineers’ approach and for use as tools for monitoring your work progress. Site: The Company should be responsible for maintaining and protection of all the areas within the boundary of the site, including but not limited to environmental protection measures, anti mosquitoes breeding etc.

Interfacing Works: The Company is responsible for all interfacing works related to the company’s scope of works with the following parties: (a)Direct Contractors. (b)Neighbours. (c)Authorities.


Sub Letting: The Company shall not sub let whole or any portion of the works, without prior approval of the Engineer. Defects Notification/ Liability Period: The Defects Notification Period shall be 12 months which shall include the rectification of the defective works arising from the handing over of works to the engineer (employer). Items Clarified and Agreed:

(a) The employer reserves their rights to make adjustments for any increase or
decrease in the above rate from the Accepted Contract Amount accordingly on works for pile caps and tie beams only. (b) As agreed, the 1.25% discount amounting to the Indian Rupees Twenty Three Lakhs Ninety Thousand Nine Hundred and Thirty only (INR 23,90,930.00 /- only) would be reimbursed to the Company should the whole works are completed within the employers’ stipulated time of 5 months.

Details of Contract (part II):
• Accepted Contract Amount: The Accepted Contract Amount shall be the Fixed Price Amount of Indian Rupees One Hundred and Seventy Six Cr. Ninety Lakhs Sixteen Thousand Nine Hundred and Sixty Eight only (INR 1,76,90,16,968.00/- only) inclusive of all taxes, duties and the like except VAT and Service Tax. Fixed Price Contract: The Accepted Contract Amount is for a Fixed Price Contract which will be re-measured based on the method of measurement included within the tender documents and priced at contract rates. Contract Commencement and Completion: Phase 1 : Commencement Date: 22nd May 2008. Completion Date : 21st December 2010. Phase 2 : Commencement Date: 22nd July 2008. Completion Date : 21st January 2011.

Delay Damages: Should the company fail to complete the works by the Contract Completion date or any extended completion date, the Employer shall be entitled to recover from the company liquidated and ascertained damages as follows: Phase 1 and 2: 0.5% per week of Accepted Contract Amount subject to a maximum of 10% of Accepted Contract Amount.

Performance Security: The value of the performance security for the works shall be 10% of the Accepted Contract Amount. Failure to do this will result in the client deducting the amount equivalent to the value of the security from the progress payments payable to the company. Coordination with the Employers’ Direct Contractors: The company shall allow access, interface, programme and organise the work and liaise closely with all contractors, that are directly engaged by the employer and afford whatever assistance, attendances and access that may be necessary to ensure the

satisfactory and timely sequencing and completion of the works on site, control measures and planning, sequencing shall be provided.

Programme: Within 2 weeks from the date of issue of the Letter of Award, the company has to furnish a detailed programme and organization chart for the Engineers’ approach and for use as tools for monitoring your work progress. Site: The Company should be responsible for maintaining and protection of all the areas within the boundary of the site, including but not limited to environmental Protection measures, anti mosquitoes breeding etc. Free Supply Item on Reinforcement Steel by Employers: (a) Build up rate for Installation of Reinforced Steel of Rs. 6970/ ton in the Contract shall include addition to cost of materials. (b) The percentage of wastage to be allowed against the measured net quantity shall be 3%. Interfacing Works: The Company is responsible for all interfacing works related to the company’s scope of works with the following parties: (a) Direct Contractors. (b) Neighbours (c) Authorities. Sub Letting: The Company shall not sub let whole or any portion of the works, without prior approval of the Engineer. Defects Notification/ Liability Period: The Defects Notification Period shall be 18 months which shall include the rectification of the defective works arising from the handing over of works to the engineer (employer).

• •

Quality Control
Introduction:
Testing the quality of building material is very necessary at the site before it is ready to be used as a construction material. The material which is used on site suffers from many different environmental conditions (moisture conditions and temperature conditions) then the material tested in the laboratory as compared to the control conditions of laboratory. The material available near the site for example the water has to be tested for its

construction requirements as it may affect the quality of construction. The water used must not have high chlorine content. Since the moisture content of sand varies continuously depending upon different weather conditions so its moisture content has to be check regularly and necessary correction has to be implanted and proper quantity of sand and aggregate can be used to achieve the desired standard of strength. Admixtures are substances used in small quantity to increase the workability of the concrete for the given water cement ratio without affecting the strength of the concrete. Admixtures used at the site are Sikament170PL4. Water proofing of walls and floors are necessary to prevent them from dampness and destruction of steel in reinforcement due to rusting and to prevent subsequent leakages and even in worst cases failure of complete structure. According to the material available at the site before starting of the construction proper mix design is done and is estimated that what moisture content will amount to what strength in concrete and a regular check is made by testing the concrete while construction and proper correction is made if necessary.

Fundamentals of Quality Controls:

Water proofing of walls and floors are done by layering the walls and floors by water proofing compound DR. FIXIT PIDECRETE MPB in 1:1 ratio by cement of thickness about 1 mm. The steel used for construction purpose is Fe 500 TMT (Thermo-Mechanically Treated) bars. The grade of concrete used for construction purpose varies from M-25 to M-40 grade concrete. Flakiness and elongation index of aggregate should be below 35%. Aggregate are tested for their strength by aggregate crushing and aggregate impact test on site. Maximum size of aggregate used at site is 20 mm and minimum is 10 mm. The test are made according to IS – 2386 Part (I-VIII). Cubes are casted and check for their strength by checking their 7 days and 20 days compressive strength. Non-destructive tests (like ultrasonic test etc.) are done on concrete if the concrete fails to achieve the desired strength after 28 days to determine the cause of such weak strength (due to honey-bee structure, etc.)

• • •


Admixture used is 0.6% by weight of cement.

Quality Control at Site:
Quality of the various materials utilized in the field is tested at the site itself. A separate room for the testing of the various materials has been provided at the site office. A cube testing machine, a hot-air oven and a sieve shaker is present in the quality control room. At present only the cube test and the slump test are being conducted, as no other material except for concrete is being used at the site. Though the cube test is not of much significance here, it is being conducted at the site to assure the quality of the mix. Since the concrete is being supplied by the company the cube test of the concrete becomes all the more significant. Usually 6 cubes are tested when light concreting is being carried out and a minimum of 12 cubes are tested when heavy concreting is being carried out. The samples of concrete are randomly taken from the trucks that bring in the ready mix concrete. The number of cubes that are tested depends upon the client also. The cube test is usually conducted in the presence of the client. The slump test is conducted in the field itself. It is carried out to determine the workability of the mix. The acceptability limits of the slump of the concrete is slightly increased after taking into consideration the weather conditions prevalent in the region i.e. hot and humid weather conditions. The various other tests will be conducted once the brickwork, plastering, etc. starts. Bricks, sand, etc. will not be supplied by the client hence the testing of these materials becomes a necessity as the usage of low of the failure will have to be borne by the company. Quality materials may lead to failure and the whole responsibility. The bricks will be tested using the hotair oven. The sieve analysis will be conducted to test the quality of the sand that is being used. The quality of cement that is being used is determined by finding the initial setting time and the final setting time of the cement.

Tests Conducted on Soil:
• • • • •

Sand Replacement Method. Core Cutter Method. Proctor Test. Vicat’s apparatus Test. Pycnometer Test.

Test on Aggregate:
• • • • • Sieve analyses. Flakiness and elongation test. Aggregate Impact test. Aggregate Crushing test.

Test on Concrete:
Compressive strength test.

Field Quality Control:
Sl. No. Material Tests to be conducted IS/ Job Specification Ref. No. IS 2386 Part II IS 2386 Part II IS 2386 Part I/ IS 383 IS 2386 Part II/ IS 456/ IS 383 Frequency Test conducted By

a. Total deleterious material content

Twice per source

Approved Lab

b. Silt clay content 1. Fine Aggregate c. Particle size distribution

To be done every day before start of work for 1st 7 days. Later 1 test in every 100 m3 of sand. 1 testing daily for 1st 7 days. Later 1 every 100 m3 of sand/ change of source if any 1 per 100 m3 except during monsoon when it has to be done every day before start of work.

Simplex Field Lab

Simplex Field Lab

d. Moisture content

Simplex Field Lab

a. Particle size distribution

IS 2386I/ IS 383

1 testing daily for 1st 7 days. Later 1 every 100 m3 of stone aggregate/ change of source if any

Simplex Field Lab

b. Percentage of soft deleterious material

IS 2386 Part III IS 2386 Part II/ IS 456/ IS 383 IS 2386 Part I IS 2386 Part I IS 2386 Part IV IS 2386 Part IV IS 2386 Part V IS 2386 Part VII IS 3025

Twice per source 1 per 100 m3 except during monsoon when it has to be done every day before start of work. Once initially and then change with source. Once initially and then change with source. Once initially and then once every month. Once initially and then once every month. Once initially and then once every month. Once initially and then once every month. Water from each source to be tested before start of work and then every 6 months. Once initially thereafter every month.

Simplex Field Lab

2.

c. Moisture content Coarse Aggregate d. Flakiness Index e. Elongation Index

Simplex Field Lab

Simplex Field Lab Simplex Field Lab Simplex Field Lab Simplex Field Lab

f. Impact Value

g. Los Angeles Abrasion value

h. Soundness i. Alkali Aggregate Reactivity a. Chemical & Physical Properties b. pH value

Approved Lab

Simplex Field lab

Approved Lab Simplex Field Lab

3.

Water

IS 456

a. Initial & Final setting time b. Compressive strength 4. Cement c. Chemical Analysis d. Fineness & Soundness All tests as per IS 9103

IS 4031 Part V IS 4031 Part VI IS 4032/ IS 4031 Part II

Every 3000 bags and at least once monthly. Every 3000 bags and at least once monthly. a. Each lot b. Once for every type of cement Each lot

Simplex Field Lab Simplex Field Lab a. Manufacturer Test Certificate b. Approved Lab Simplex Field Lab

IS 4031

5.

Admixture

IS 9103

a.

Lot wise

a. Manufacturer Test Certificate b. Approved Lab Simplex Field Lab

b. Once per source

6.

Concrete

All tests as per IS 516-1959

IS 516-1959

1 set of 6 cubes per 28 m3 or part thereof concrete poured

Case Study and Suggestions
Wastage of dowel bars:

Case: These are to be provided as reinforcement for the supporting walls for the LIFT (ELEVATOR). But the LIFT that has to be incorporated, its design is not yet finalized. The dowel bars are long enough to provide reinforcement for any size of the wall, but it will be used only as per the requirement when the design will be finalized and the remaining part will be removed as a waste, or might be removed completely moreover it is getting corroded, as left like that since long.

Suggestion: The design of the LIFT must have been made prior to the construction work, so that the wastage of the bars would have been checked. And if on a whole the full site is considered, this wastage can be a big bother. Case: A Passenger Hoist is installed in front of a Block for lifting man, small and light weighed materials/tools/etc, is very costly and something more than the required one. Operation of this lift a very expensive, because power requirement is too high than tradition of this segment. Presently at the site, there is no means to provide such expensive equipments.

Unused Passenger Hoist:

Suggestion: If the cost of the generator was unaffordable, then such an expensive lift should not have been bought. Now, it can be shifted to any other project of the company where it can be used efficiently. Case: A considerable space is left beside flats of Block-1 and similar blocks as spare area, while the same is not the case with the other blocks. This space is of no use as in particular.

Unused Spare Area:

Suggestion: This would be taken as an architectural imperfection as of which can be included in the boundary area of the flat, which thereby would have increased the carpet area of the flat.

Facilities Provided to the Workers:

Case: For any type of manual work to be carried out effectively and efficiently the most important factor is ‘Mental strength’. Human mind become monotonous and tedious doing a same work repeatedly and thus the efficiency decreases. This definitely increases the tenure for completion of the project.

Suggestion: When dealing in lakhs and crores, what a few thousands of rupees will matter, which if invested in fact will be a blessing in disguise. What could have been done is, a film projector can be provided which is not very costly, on which the workers during night time can see movies/films and get freshen up. This can be very beneficial for many aspects. Their efficiency will grow and the company will be benefited. Moreover, with such a small facility, the company will be praised by their workers.

Quality Control Lab:

Case: Quality control at site is provided in order to maintain a desired degree of quality of construction material together with the protection of environment. It includes the quality of steel used, cement, bricks, aggregate, etc. which provides stability to any structure. A quality control lab should have a garden in front of it, which encourages and shows that the construction being done at site is environmental friendly and creates a good working environment.

There are certain tests that demand to be conducted in a control temperature. So the quality control must have a certain temperature-controlling device so that the tests are conducted in a proper manner.

Suggestion: There should be a garden in front of the lab and temperaturecontrolling device. Case: The mode of transport and the way of transport to the construction site should be quick and easiest so that the work can be started at the earliest without delays and is comfortable to the engineers and working people and they remain fresh and effective after coming at site.

Public transport accessibility and transportation route:

The bus takes the engineers and workers from a place name ‘Chingrihatta’. From this place there are two possible routes to reach the site, the one is by the by-pass (short-route) and the other is a normal long route. The bus takes from the long route, as just after the flyover there is a sharp turn and the road is muddy over there, which increases the chances of toppling of bus. This causes an additional 20 minutes more to reach the construction site that’s means the work could have started 20 minutes earlier besides this it causes a large inconvenience as there is a single bus running to the site and almost 50% people goes standing in bus.

Suggestion: Since the construction is a long-term work the company can repair the shortest route so that the working people can reach by spending less time in bus moreover it will add to the company economy by saving the cost to petrol consumption and attract the buyers by the mode of infrastructure to reach the place. Also by increasing the number of vehicles company can provide comfort to its workers so that their mind gives more productivity. Case: It is always necessary to create a proper concrete base near the batching plant so that the ingredients of concrete can be collected over that concrete base in a proper quantity; a concrete base helps in providing a platform to these materials and helps in proper utilization (less wastage) of the material.

Water logging problem surrounding the batching plant:

At site although a concrete base was prepared but it was not proper, the nearby dirty sand come into the way of backhoe which get mixed up in the material and is carried up by the batching plant which led to the side depression during rainy season. This depression has creates the water logging problem at the backside of the batching plant and causes difficulty in movement of backhoe. Now every time whenever there is a rain water gets collects over there and a pump is used to remove the water which adds to the cost of construction project and also use of an extra manpower which could have been used at some other work.

Suggestion: The broken bricks, sand gravels and even the waste material generated during pile caps can fill up the place where the depression has been created. Case: Steel is the heart of any R.C.C. building. It is the most important, costlier, and is very prone to rusting and hence proper care of steel is very necessary. A proper isolated place should be there to keep the steel where there is no moisture, also only the required quantity of steel should be present on site so that its managing could be done in a proper way. There were two major problems at site: Firstly, the steel was placed randomly at site in an open atmosphere that caused rusting of steel. Secondly, since phase 2 constructions have been stopped. The dowel bars that were protruded from columns are getting corroded in the open atmosphere. If such condition persists further then the strength of steel will be reduced to great strength and it couldn’t be used for further extension of building.

Protection of reinforcement from corrosion

Suggestion: There should be a proper isolated structure free from moisture for the steel. The dowel bars should be coated with the anticorrosive material to prevent the steel from being corroded further. The basement which has been prepared can be used a storage space for steel.