# School of Technology Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, Gandhinagar CH 304 MODELING AND OPTIMIZATION (For B.

Tech 5th Semester – Chemical Engineering) Assignment-I ______________________________________________________________________

Short questions
1. What is mathematical modeling, give example 2. Write some uses of mathematical models in Chemical Engineering 3. Write the following equations giving proper units to each term of the equation and example where ever necessary.  Continuity Equation  Energy equation  Transport equation  Equation of state  Chemical Equilibrium (equilibrium constant)  Chemical kinetics (Arrhenius equation, Law of mass action) 4. Write the mathematical equation describing the gravity flow tank (fig-1)

(fig -1: gravity flow tank)

5. Write the mathematical equation describing the process flow through pipe (Fig2)

(fig-2: flow through pipe) Long Questions

1. Formulate the mathematical model describing the CSTR shown in fig-3. Assume K1 a first order irreversible reaction takes place. A  B

Fig-3: (continuous stirred-tank reactor) 2. Formulate the mathematical model describing the Plug flow reactor shown in K1 B fig-4. Assume a first order irreversible reaction takes place. A 

(fig-4: Isothermal Plug flow reactor)

3. Formulate the mathematical model describing the series of Isothermal, constantHoldup CSTRs shown in fig-5. Assume a first order irreversible reaction takes K1 place. A  B

(Fig 5: Series of isothermal CSTRs) 4. Formulate the mathematical model describing the non Isothermal, constantHoldup CSTR shown in fig-6. Assume a first order irreversible reaction takes K1 place. A   B . Write both energy and continuity equations.

(Fig 6: Non isothermal CSTR) 5. Formulate the mathematical model describing the batch reactor shown in fig-6. K1 B Assume a first order irreversible reaction takes place. A 

fig-6: Batch reactor

6. Formulate the mathematical model describing the ideal binary distillation column shown in fig-7.

(Fig-7: Ideal binary distillation column).

7. Write the component continuity equation describing a CSTR with a) Simultaneous reaction (1st order , isothermal)

K1 k2 A   B, A  C
1  B b) Reversible (1st order, Isothermal) A   K

K

2

8. Write the component continuity equations for a perfectly mixed batch reactor (no inflow or out flow) with first-order isothermal reaction a) Consecutive b) B) simultaneous c) Reversible 9. Write the energy equation for a CSTR in which consecutive first order reaction occurs with exothermic heats of reaction λ1 andλ2. K1 K2 A   B  C 1 2