RUNNING HEAD: Importance of Psychology in Nursing Practice

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Importance of Psychology in Nursing Practice
Roles & Perspectives
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It is very important to understand the psyche and thought process of the individuals for the people in Health related profession. That’s why Psychology plays a major role in the professional development of the nurses. This document is a study of the important perspectives of Psychology which are incorporated in Nursing practices.

............ 3 References ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 5 ............................................................................................... 2 Nursing ............................................................... 1 Psychology ........................................................................................................ 2 Significance .................................................................... 2 The Relationship ..............................................................................Importance of Psychology in Nursing Practice 1 Table of Contents Table of Contents ................................................................................................................................................

Psychology is the scientific study of behaviour and mental processes. In this case. 2007). There are . 2007).Importance of Psychology in Nursing Practice Importance of Psychology in Nursing Practice 2 Although both fields differ from each other apparently but still Psychology is interlinked with nursing practices. The Relationship Working in the health related profession provides the opportunity to work with other people and a key part in such professions is to promote the health and well-being of people. Before believing the stance of similarity or difference. to a great extent. Both nurses and psychologists try not only to understand the health related issues of people but also to change their thoughts and attitude to enhance their well-being. Byrne & Byrne (1992) describe that in its most elementary form the practice of nursing involves the application of medical science to the management of people with physical illness. Psychology According to Pastorino & Portillo (2012). Nursing Nursing as profession is considered to assist the individual (usually patient) in performance of activities contributing towards the recovery of their health (Barker. it is very important to understand both fields separately. Ciccarelli & Meyer (2006) further explain that behaviour incorporates all our overt actions and reactions and mental processes refer to our covert activity of mind (cited Barker 2007). Smith. & Jarrett. it is very important to be well aware of the attitude and behaviour of people – point where Psychology comes in (Walker. Payne.

 Byrne & Byrne (1992.  Second important consideration for nurses is regarding the focus on the external symptoms and management of physical pathology. medical staff and any relatives of patient. . nurses become part of a complex social psychological system which comprise of patient. p. Significance  Byrne & Byrne (1992) state that psychological factors play an important part in the development and course of many illnesses and in the processes of recovery from them. Smith. & Jarrett (2007) present some very solid facts showing the importance of psychology in nursing profession. 180) solidify the importance saying that accurate identification of one’s problems and needs is critical to the process of effective nursing care. 29) say that nurses enter into the “system” soon as they get involved in the interpersonal interaction with the patient and in result this creates an environment for the care of patient. Payne. as it defines both the significance and quality of the nursing actions. Different individuals have different reactions towards the entire process of illness.Importance of Psychology in Nursing Practice 3 times when nurses are required to provide very basic care to the people they work with but the effort is always to change the thought process in a very positive manner (Barker. In this environment. Russell (1999. Walker. p. The focus must also be on the patient’s response and reaction to illness. 2007). They are as follows:  It is important to consider that how people’s thoughts and needs vary and what best can be done to ensure these needs satisfied.

can affect that.  Psychological factors inform the health care professionals about the lifestyles of people and how certain health-related behaviours i. pain and distress. psychology provides an opportunity for nurses to understand their responsibilities in a better way and perform exactly as what is expected of them.Importance of Psychology in Nursing Practice  4 It helps in establishing the communication processes in order to improve the therapeutic relationship and work more effectively in inter-professional and interagency contexts. dietary change and exercise.e.  Understanding can be built on how people react in different situations of illness. Psychology plays a vital role in understanding the health-related matters of the individuals and nurses need to know them. In a nutshell. This also helps in meeting their demands in a better way. smoking.  Logical steps can be taken in order to improve the health and well-being of these individuals. .

Macmillan Education.. E. Psychology for Nurses: Theory and Practice.. Essential Psychology for Nurses and other Health Professionals. Vital Notes for Nurses: Psychology. P. (1992). What is Psychology? Essentials. Payne. E. (2007). Byrne... Russell.Importance of Psychology in Nursing Practice 5 References Barker. G. & Jarrett. Routledge. (2007). McGraw-Hill International. Psychology for Nurses and the Caring Professions. S. & Portillo. & Byrne. J. Cengage Learning. S. A. Wiley-Blackwell. N. S.. D. (1999). D. Pastorino. (2012). Walker. . Smith.

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