You are on page 1of 7

Advance in Forestry Research

February 2013, Volume 1, Issue 1, PP.1-7

The Advance on the Study of Rare and

Endangered Phellodendron Amurense
Xuemei Yi1,2, Lanzhu Ji1#
1.State Key Laboratory of Forest and Soil Ecology, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016,
2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Phellodendron amurense is rare and endangered species in temperate broadleaf and mixed forests. Its population size decreased
rapidly because of the Overexploitation and the biological reason. This article analyzed the biological cause with reviewing the
informed research, from resource, reproducing and cellular biology. The site condition, inhibition of litter to seeds germination,
seeds dispersal and over-use with high economic value were showed to be the main causes to the small population size. The
limited protecting measure is another important reason restricts the size of the population. Nature reserve aims to preserve the
ecosystem biodiversity is suggested to build for protecting and recovering the rare and endangered Phellodendron amurense.
Keywords: Phellodendron Amurense; Endangered; Research Advance

1,2 1
1. 110016
2. 100049

(Phellodendron amurense Rupr.)






-2.33.2-20.315.4 14.321.6
36-36 14412824 80135d 7001200mm
64%73% [3]

dahurica Pall. Tilia amurensis Rupr. Querus mongolica Fisch. ex Ledeb Acer
mandshuricum Maxim Acanthopanax senticosos (Rupr. et Maxim.) Harms Corylus mandshurica
Maxim. Acer ukurunduense Trautv. Acer mono Maxim. Ulmus laciniata (Trautv.)
Mayr. Acer tegmentosum Maxim. Sorbus pohuashanensis (Hance) Hedl. Euonymus alatus
(Thunb.) Sieb. Actinidia kolomikta (Maxim. et Rupr.) Maxim. Abies nephrolepis (Trautv.)
Maxim. Meehania urticifolia Makino Spuriopimpinella brachycarpa Kitag.
Aconitum kusnezoffii Reishb. Laportea bulbifera (Sieb. Et Zucc.) Wedd. Brachybotrys
paridiformis Maxim. et Oliv. Equisetum hiemale L. Dryopteris crassirhizoma Nakai
Botrychium ternatum (Thunb.) Sweet Polygonatum inflatum Kom. Hylomecon japonica
(Thunb.) Prantl et Kundig


35~60200~1100 m[4]


[6] 52
39 700m 1500m[7]


1981 1986 1.008107m3

3.39106m3 5 2/3 2000
7105hm2 3104hm2 1.5104hm299%[8]1999







1987 3
1989 1990



1215 34

lm 10m
Zhu Ning



D D[18]


20% 0105

4 5 68cm [23]20
25 510
[24] MS
20mg/LPH 5.8 [25]
NAA 2,4D2,4-






Anna Lis GC, GC-MS H-NMR

80 [31] 1








3 1.5
1.5 20cm
3 2
7 6 [32]
Michael A G1

P53 [33]P55A
ERK2 and PI3-kinase
Aralia (P55A)[34]
Young-Hee Lee
[35]Mitsuo Miyazawa



Ma J S, Brach A R. The identity of cultivated Phellodendron (Rutaceae) of North America [J]. Journal of the Botanical Research
Institute of Texas, 2007, 1(1): 357-365


Fu L G. China Plant Red Data Book: Rare and Endangered Plant [M]. Beijing: Science Press, 1991


Junlin Yu, Zhao Zhang, Ben-gang Zhang et al. Survey of basic living conditions and protective measure on Phellodendron
amurense in Changbai Mountain [J]. Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs, 2006, 37(3): 461-463


Yan Li, Shijie Lin, Shanshan Zhao et al. Research Progress in Phellodendron amurense Rupr.Resources [J]. Chinese country welloff technology, 2010, (9): 56-58


Ralph A. Read and John C. Zasada. Woody Plant Seed Manual [M]. New Jersey: Blackburn Press, 2002: 783-785


Hui-qing Wang. Chinese herbal medicine production and marketing [M]. Chengdu: Sichuan Science Press, 2007


Ying Xian, li-jun Wang. Study on Phellodendron amurense Rupr. Resources [J]. Northern Horticulture, 2010(20): 189-192


Yanjie Qin, Yang Wang, Xiufeng Yan. Status and sustainable utilization strategy of Phellodendron amurense resources in China [J].
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs, 2006, 37(7): 1104-1107


Zhifeng Yan, Ben-gang Zhang, Zhao Zhang. Assessment of genetic diversity of Phellodendron amurense in ex situ conservation [J].
China Journal of Chinese Material Medica, 2008, 33(10): 1121-1125

[10] Tianrui Xia. Studies on Internal Factors of Self-regeneration Obstacle for Wild Populations of Phellodendron amurense and on
Their Chemical Components Diversity [D]. Beijing: Peking Union Medical College Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, 2006
[11] Zhifeng Yan, Ben-gang Zhang, Zhao Zhang et al. Genetic Diversity in Wild Populations of Phellodendron amurense, a Rare and
Endangered Medicinal Plant, Detected by AFLP[J]. Biodiversity Science, 2006, 14 (6): 488-497
[12] Yongjie Lin. Study on the Fruiting Regularities of Phellodendron amurense Rupr [J]. Forest Investigation Design, 2011, (1): 74-75
[13] Changhu Lu, Jia-chuan Chang, Xian-feng Yang et al. Food Habit and Migrating Behavior of Frugivorous Birds in Autumn in
Maoershan Moutain [J]. Chinese Journal of Zoology, 2005, 40(4): 86-90
[14] Xianfeng Yang. The Study of Dispersal Function of Frugivorous Birds on Seeds of Medical Plants in the Region of Maoershan
Mountain [D]. Haerbin,China: Northeast Forestry University, 2004
[15] Ning Zhu, Da-fang Dong. Seed dispersal, dormancy, seed bank and regeneration of amur corktree[J]. Journal of Northeast
Forestry University, 1990, 1(1): 17-22
[16] Changhu Lu, Jiachuan Chang, Qing Xu. Regeneration of Phellodendron amurense and Its Seed Dispersal by Frugivorous Birds [J].
Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2004, 23(1): 24-29
[17] Qiu-ju Zhang, Wen-hua Yang, Xue-lian Liu et al. Inhibitory Activity of Substance in Seed and Sarcocarp of Phellodendron
amurense [J]. Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs, 2008, 39(1): 108-111
[18] Xiao-ling Zhang.Preliminary Study on the Allelochemical of Phellodendron amurense Pericarp [D].Beijing: Peking Union
Medical College Chinese Academy of Medical Scienses, 2010
[19] Lingchao Dai. Preliminary Study on the Allelochemical of Phellodendron amurense Fallen Leaves [D]. Beijing: Peking Union
Medical College Chinese Academy of Medical Scienses, 2011
[20] Yan-xia Wang, Wu-jiang He, Xing-ye Liu. Comparison of Seed Germination from 8 Afforestation Species by Different
Pregermination Methods [J]. Shanxi Forestry Science and Technology, 2010, 39(1): 33-35
[21] Xia Li, Tao Yu, Xiu-feng Yan. Effects of Light Intensity on Growth and Antioxidant Enzyme Activities of Amur Cork-tree
Seedlings [J]. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2007, (1): 25-27
[22] Zhihuan Zhang, Qing-jun Wang, Li-bo liu et al. Effect on the Growth of Phellodendron amurense Seedlings with Different

Regeneration Methods [J]. Forestry Science&Technology, 2010, 35(6): 1-4

[23] Shunji Yan, Xi-bin Qu, Silin Zhang et al. Study on Grafting Techniques of Phellodendron amurense[J].Jilin Forestry Science and
Technology, 2001,30(3):14-18
[24] Dian-guo Lin, Shu-fen Gu, Chang-hai Li et al. Study on Cuttage Propagation Technology of Phellodendron amurense [J].Forestry
Science &Technology. 1998, (2): 7-9
[25] Yu-hong Zhang, Wei-di Qu. Different Culture Conditions on Rapid Propagation of Phellodendron amurense [J]. Bulletin of
Botanical Research, 2008, (2): 236-239
[26] Lei Qi, Yaguang Zhan. Callus Culture of Phellodendron amurense Rupr [J]. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2007,
35(9): 14-16
[27] Ying Xian. The Study on the Morphological Anatomy of Pellodendron amurense Rupr[D]. Changchun: Jilin Agiculture
University, 2011
[28] Johri B M et al. Comparative embryology of angiosperms[J]. 1992, 2: 439-440
[29] Qing-yuan Zhou, Xiao-bai Jin, Xi-jin Mu.Embryological Studies on Phellodendron amurense[J].Acta Botanica Yunnanica,
1999, 21(3)
[30] Azad, M. A. Yokota, S. Ishiguri, F. Yahara, S. Yoshizawa, N. Histological studies of shoot regeneration system in hypocotylderived callus of Phellodendron amurense Rupr.[J]. Journal of forest research, 2005, 10(5): 377-384
[31] Anna Lis, Ewa Boczek and Jzef Gra. Chemical composition of the essential oils from fruits, leaves and flowers of the Amur
cork tree (Phellodendron amurense Rupr.)[J]. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 2004; 19: 549-553
[32] Yanjie Qin, Yang Wang, Xiu-feng Yan. Distribution Pattern of Principal Medicinal Constituents in Amur Corktree[J].Chemistry
and Industry of Forest Products, 2007, 28(2): 62-66
[33] Michael A. James et al. Dietary administration of berberine or Phellodendron amurense extract inhibits cell cycle progression and
Lung Tumorigenesis[J]. Molecular Carcinogenesis, 2011, 50: 1-7
[34] Sung-Jin Kim, You-Young Kim, Kwang Ho Ko. Butanol Extract of 1:1 Mixture of Phellodendron Cortex and Aralia Cortex
Stimulates PI3-Kinase and ERK2 with Increase of Glycogen Levels in HepG2 Cells [J]. Phytotherapy Research, 1998, 12(4):
[35] Young-Hee Lee et al., Dyeing and Deodorizing Properties of Cotton, Silk, Wool Fabrics Dyed with Amur Corktree, Dryopteris
crassirhizoma, Chrysanthemum boreale, Artemisia Extracts[J]. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2011, 115: 2246-2253
[36] Mitsuo Miyazawa, Jun Fujioka and Yukio ishikawa. Insecticidal compounds from Phellodendron amurense active against
Drosophila melanogaster[J]. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 2002, 82: 830-833








Related Interests