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EnglishOld Norse

Dictionary
compiled by
Ross G. Arthur
In parentheses Publications
Linguistics Series
Cambridge, Ontario 2002
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Old Norse to English dictionary.
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ability kunnusta
ability ma/ttr
ability megin
abode hamr
abode sjo,t
above yfir
abroad u/tanlands
abundance gno/tt
abundant no/gr
accompany (v) fylgja
accomplish (v) fremja
accomplish (v) inna
accomplish (v) vinna
accomplished mannaDr
accomplishment i/Tro/tt
1
accomplishment mennt
accomplishments kunnandi
account so,gn
account tala
accuse (v) kAra
accustom (v) vandi
accustom (v) venja
accustomed vanr
acorn akarn
acquaintance kunningi
across yfir
act (v) breyta
action so,k
add (v) auka
adhere (v) tolla
adorn (v) setja
adultery ho/rdo/mr
advance framganga
advance (v) sOkja
advance (v) stefna
advantage bati
2
advantage gagn
adversary andskoti
advice ra/D
advisable ra/Dligr
advise (v) ra/Da
affairs hagr
affection a/st
affection a/stir
affection elska
affection geD
affinity sifjar
affirm (v) sanna
affliction beygja
affliction hrelling
afraid hrAddr
aft aptr
afterwards si/Dan
again endr
again optar
age Avi
age aldr
3
agree to (v) ja/ta
agreeable geDjaDr
agreeable skapfeldr
agreement ra/D
ahead framar
aid afli
aid forsja/
aid fullting
aid liD
ale munga/t
ale_cask o,lker
alive kvikr
alive kykr
alive li/fs
all allr
allot (v) skafa
allow (v) lofa
allow (v) unna
almost na/liga
aloft lopt
alone einn
4
along eptir
aloud ha/tt
alternative kostr
although Tar
always a/valt
always A
always jafnan
ambitious metnaDargjarn
ambitious sto/rra/Dr
among miDli
amount to (v) skipta
amuse (v) skemta
amusement skemtun
amusing skemtiligr
anchor akkeri
ancient forn
and eDa
anger reiDi
angry reiDr
animal dy/r
animal gripr
5
animals kykvendi
annoyance mo/tgrD
annoyance skapraun
another annarr
answer svar
answer (v) svara
ant maurr
anvil steDi
anxiety a/hyggja
anxious annt
any einnhverr
appear (v) li/ta
appearance yfirbragD
applause ro/mr
appoint (v) skapa
approach (v) na/lgask
arbitration grD
arch kengr
ardor kapp
argue (v) TrAta
arm handleggr
6
arm (v) va/pna
armor herklADi
army herliD
army herr
arrange (v) ha/tta
arrange (v) haga
arrange (v) ra/Da
arrange (v) stilla
arrangement tilskipan
array (v) bu/a
array (v) skipa
arrival kva/ma
arrive (v) koma
arrow o,r
art list
art mennt
artifice ve/l
artificer smiDr
artist fAgir
ascertained vitaDr
ash askr
7
ashes aska
ask (v) beiDa
ask (v) biDja
ask (v) fre/tta
ask (v) fregna
ask (v) krefja
aspect a/lit
assault atganga
assault barsmiD
assembly Ting
assembly_district Tingha/
assembly_field Tingvo,llr
assist (v) beina
assistance styrkr
assistance umsysla
astray villtr
asunder sundr
at yfir
athwart Tverr
atone for (v) re/tta
atonement bo/t
8
attack atlaga
attack atso/kn
attack hri/D
attack so/kn
attack (v) sOkja
attention gaumr
authority mannaforra/D
authority ra/D
authority ri/ki
autumn haust
avail (v) nyta
avail (v) tja/
avenge (v) hefna
avenge (v) reka
await (v) biDa
aware varr
away brott
axe x
back aptr
back hryggr
backwards o,fugr
9
bacon flesk
bad illr
bad va/ndr
badly illa
bag baggi
bag belgr
bag fat
bag kyll
bailiff bryti
bake (v) baka
bald kollo/ttr
ball kno,ttr
band fetill
band liD
bank bakki
banner merki
banner ve/
banquet veizla
baptism ski/rn
baptize (v) ski/ra
bar spo,lr
10
bare berr
bargain kaup
barley_barn bygghlaDa
barn hlaDa
barren gODalauss
barren o/frAr
bath laug
bathe (v) lauga
battle bardagi
battle do/lg
battle dolg
battle eggTrima
battle eggtog
battle ja/rnleikr
battle malmhri/D
battle orrosta
battle vi/g
battlefield vAttfang
bay va/gr
be able to (v) geta
be able to (v) mega
11
be astonished at (v) undrask
be awake (v) vaka
be diminished (v) minka
be fond of (v) elska
be glad (v) fagna
be lacking (v) skorta
be lacking (v) vanta
be moved (v) bifask
be obliged to (v) hljo/ta
be opened (v) opnask
be pacified (v) sefask
be silent (v) Tegja
be slain (v) falla
be softened (v) mykjask
be willing (v) vilja
beach fjara
beach stro,nd
beak gro,n
beam a/ss
beam tre/
beam viDr
12
bear bjarndy/r
bear bjo,rn
bear (v) bera
beard gro,n
beard skegg
bearded skeggjaDr
beast dy/r
beautiful fagr
beautiful vAnn
beautifully fagrliga
because si/Dan
become (v) gera
become (v) gra
become (v) so/ma
become (v) verDa
become cowardly (v) ergjask
become loose (v) losna
become night (v) na/tta
become spring (v) va/ra
become white (v) hvi/tna
becoming sOmiligr
13
bed beDr
bed hvi/la
bed rekkja
bed sAng
bed_closet lokrekkja
bee by/
beer bjo/rr
beer o,l
beer_goblet bjo/rker
befall (v) hOfa
befit (v) sama
beget (v) aflA
beggar stafkarl
beginning fyrsta
beginning upphaf
behavior atferD
behead (v) ho,ggva
belief a/trunaDr
believe (v) hyggja
believe (v) tru/a
bell bjalla
14
bellow (v) gjalla
belly kviDr
beloved sva/ss
bench bekkr
bend kengr
bend (v) beygja
bend (v) lu/ta
bend (v) sveigja
benefactor styrktarmaDr
benefit beini
benefit gott
berserk berserkr
beseem (v) so/ma
beside hja/
beside viD
besom li/mi
betray (v) svi/kja
better betri
between meDal
between miDli
bewildered villhyggjandi
15
beyond u/tan
big mikill
bigger meiri
billow bylgja
bind (v) binda
birch bjarkan
bird fugl
birth burDr
bishop biskup
bitch bikkja
bite (v) bita
biting bitr
bits moli
bitter herfiligr
black bla/r
black blakkr
black svartr
blade brandr
blame a/mAli
blame (v) lasta
blasphemy goDga/
16
blaze (v) loga
blind blindr
blood blo/D
blood dreyri
bloody blo/Dugr
blood_stained dreyrugr
blow ho,gg
blow skellr
blow svipan
blow (v) bla/sa
blue bla/r
board borD
boasting ko,puryrDi
boat ba/tr
boat skip
body li/kami
bog fen
bog myrr
boil kaun
boil kveisa
boil (v) sjo/Da
17
boil (v) vella
boldly djarfliga
bond band
bondwoman amba/tt
bondwoman ambo/tt
bone bein
book bo/k
booth bu/D
booty herfang
border skaut
both ba/Dir
both hva/rr
bottom grunnr
boundary merki
bow almr
bow bogi
bow (v) lu/ta
bow_string bogastrengr
bow_string ho,rr
box kista
box skokkr
18
boy sveinbarn
boy sveinn
boy sveinstauli
brain heili
branch kvistr
branch li/mi
brand brandr
brass mersing
brave bitr
brave frOkn
brave go/Dr
brave hraustr
brave snjallr
brave vaskr
bravely frOknliga
bravely hraustliga
bread brauD
bread_making brauDgo,rD
break (v) bresta
break (v) brjo/ta
break (v) brotna
19
break (v) lemja
break (v) sli/ta
break (v) slitna
break into (v) brjo/ta
breast brjo/st
breast fang
breast munstro,nd
breath o,nd
breath rindi
bride bru/Dr
bridge bru/
bridle beizl
bridle taumr
bright bjartr
bright heiDr
bright ljo/ss
bring to an end (v) enda
broad breiDr
bronze eir
brook lOkr
brother bro/Dir
20
brother_in_law ma/gr
buck bokki
bucket bytta
build (v) smi/Da
building grD
building smi/D
built go,rr
bull griDungr
bunch ko,ngull
burn (v) brenna
burn (v) svi/Da
burning brenna
burst (v) bresta
bury (v) heygja
business sysla
but eDa
button (v) kneppa
buy (v) kaupa
cairn varDa
cairn varDi
calf ka/lfr
21
call (v) heita
call (v) kalla
call up (v) kveDja
calm logn
calumny illmAli
canoe keipr
canopy tjald
capable grviligr
capture (v) handtaka
capture (v) taka
care a/hyggja
care forsja/
care umsja/
care (v) hirDa
carefully skynsamliga
carefully vandliga
carelessly o/vendiliga
cargo farmr
cargo varningr
carry (v) bera
carter vagnkarl
22
carve (v) ho,ggva
case ma/l
cast (v) gjo/ta
cast (v) kasta
cast down (v) elta
cast lots (v) hluta
castle kastali
cat ko,ttr
catch fang
catch (v) hreppa
cattle fe/naDr
cauldron ketill
cause ma/l
cause re/ttr
cause so,k
cause (v) valda
cave hellir
cease (v) hAtta
cease (v) le/tta
celebration a/gAti
certain vi/ss
23
challenge (v) bjo/Da
champion kappi
chance kostr
change skipan
change umskipti
change (v) skipta
change (v) verDa
changeable hverfr
character hagr
character lund
character skapleikr
charcoal kol
charge so,k
chariot reiD
charm forma/li
charms taufr
chatter (v) hjala
chatter (v) klaka
cheek kinn
cheerful reifr
chest kista
24
chief hilmir
chief ho,fDingi
chieftain yfirmaDr
child barn
childhood barnOska
choice kostr
choose (v) kjo/sa
church kirkja
churl karl
circle hringr
claim tilkall
clash gnyr
clash hlo,kk
clash hnit
clash so,ngr
clashing bro,kun
clashing gnat
clasp (v) spenna
clear auDsy/nn
clear bry/nn
clear glggr
25
clear heiDr
clear ljo/ss
clear skyrr
clear (v) ryDja
clearing rjo/Dr
clear_sighted glggr
cleave (v) klju/fa
clench (v) herDa
clever slOgr
cliff bjarg
cliff hamarr
climb (v) hlaupa
cloak feldr
cloak skikkja
close kArr
close na/lAgr
closely nAr
cloth skru/D
clothe (v) klADa
clothes fat
clothes le/rept
26
clothes ript
clothes va/Dir
clothing klADi
cloud sky
cluster ko,ngull
coals kol
coat skyrta
cock hani
coil baugr
coin penningr
cold kaldr
coldly seint
collect (v) safna
collect (v) samna
color litr
colored litklADi
colorless litlauss
come (v) koma
come about (v) koma
come to (v) hitta
come up to (v) na/lgask
27
comfort huggan
command (v) bjo/Da
commend (v) fela
commit (v) andvarDa
common man karl
commonly hversdagliga
community sveit
companion fe/lagi
companion lagsmaDr
companion sinni
company fo,runeyti
company sjo,t
compensate (v) bOta
compensation bo/t
compensation iDgjo,ld
compensation so/mi
compensation yfirbOtr
compensations bOtr
competition kapp
complain (v) krikta
complete fullkominn
28
complete (v) fylla
completely vandliga
complexion litr
compose (v) finna
compose (v) gera
compose (v) gra
comrade fe/lagi
conceal (v) leyna
condition efni
condition far
condition kostr
condition re/ttr
conduct far
conference ma/lstefna
confidence traust
conflict samgangr
conquer (v) vinna
consequence tilkva/ma
consider (v) hugsa
consider (v) i/huga
consider (v) telja
29
consolation hugarbo/t
consolation huggan
constitution lo,g
consult about (v) ra/Da
contend (v) Treyta
contention deila
contention ro/g
contest fang
contest kapp
contest leikr
continuous fastr
control vald
controlled stiltr
contumely ni/D
conversation ma/l
conversation rODa
converse (v) tala
cook matsveinn
cook (v) sjo/Da
cooking_fire seyDir
copper eir
30
corn korn
corner horn
corpse li/k
corpse na/r
correct re/ttligr
correct re/ttr
cost kostnaDr
cough ho/sti
counsel ra/D
counsel (v) ra/Da
count (v) telja
country land
courage a/rADi
courage da/D
courage drengskapr
courage frami
courage hugr
courage kapp
course skeiD
court do/mr
court garDr
31
court hirD
courteously kurteisliga
cousin systrungr
cover hli/f
cover hulDa
cow kyr
cowardly argr
crack (v) braka
cradle vagga
crafty slOgr
crag bjarg
crag hamarr
crash (v) gnata
crave (v) krefja
creak (v) braka
create (v) skapa
creature kvikindi
credit mannvirDing
creep (v) krju/pa
crew skipan
cross kross
32
cross_beam Tvertre/
crouch (v) krju/pa
crowd fjo,lmenni
crowd (v) drifa
crowd (v) skipa
crowded fjo,lmennr
crozier bagall
crozier stafr
cruelty illska
crusaders Jo/rsalafarar
cry (v) hlakka
cry out (v) kalla
cry out (v) krikta
cry out (v) Opa
curiosity forvitni
current straumr
curses feiknstafir
cushion hOgindi
custom ha/ttr
custom siDr
custom siDvenja
33
custom vani
cut (v) bita
cut (v) ho,ggva
cut (v) skera
cut (v) sni/Da
dainty kra/s
dale dalr
damage skaDi
damage (v) hata
dance danzleikr
dancing_song danzleikr
dandy skartsmaDr
danger ha/ski
dangerous hAttr
dare (v) bella
dare (v) Tora
daring a/rADi
daring djarfr
daring sto/rra/Dr
dark blakkr
dark myrkr
34
dark o/fo,lr
darkness myrkr
daughter do/ttir
dauntless hraustligr
dawn elding
dawn nAtrelding
dawn (v) daga
dawn (v) lysa
day dagr
day dOgr
daybreak dagan
daylight dagr
dead dauDr
dead feigr
dead li/fla/tinn
deal with (v) mOta
dealings ferD
dealings sameign
dealings skipti
dealings viDreign
dealings viDskipti
35
dear dy/rr
dear kArr
dearth o/a/ran
death andla/t
death bani
death dauDi
death fjo,rlag
death_blow banaho,gg
death_day dauDadagr
debt skuld
deceit flArD
deceitful fla/ra/Dr
deck Tilja
declare (v) kveDa
deed verk
deeds far
deep dju/pr
defence viDrtaka
defence vo,rn
defend (v) varDi
defend (v) verja
36
delay dvo,l
delight fo,gnuDr
delight gaman
demeanor yfirbragD
deny (v) neita
deny (v) synja
deny (v) TrAta
depart (v) leysa
depopulation landauDn
depose (v) reka
depressed o/ka/tr
depression o/gleDi
deprive of (v) rAna
descendants kynkvi/sl
descended AttaDr
descent Att
desire fyst
desire hugr
desire vili
desire (v) fysa
desire (v) lysta
37
desire (v) Treyja
desire (v) ti/Da
desolate o/vistuligr
despair ADra
destiny forlo,g
destitution va/laD
destroy (v) brjo/ta
destroy (v) hata
destroy (v) spilla
destroyer fa/rbjo/Dr
devise (v) finna
dew do,gg
dialect ma/l
die (v) andask
die (v) deyja
difference munr
difficult erfiDr
difficult o/hOgr
difficult Tungr
difficult torso/ttr
difficult va/ndr
38
difficulty vandrADi
dig (v) grafa
dimension vegr
diminish (v) re/na
diminish (v) Tverra
diminished skarDr
diminution TurDr
direct re/ttr
direct (v) styra
direct (v) vi/sa
direction vegr
dirty o/krAsilegr
dirty o/Tokkuligr
disagreement deila
discomfort o/hAgindi
discussion ma/l
discussion umrODa
disease mein
disgrace lAging
disgrace o/virDing
disgrace sneypa
39
disgrace svi/virDing
dishonor o/so/mi
dishonor o/sOmd
dismissal brottkvaDning
display (v) birta
displease (v) misli/ka
disposition skapleikr
disposition skaplyndi
disposition skapsmunir
disposition vili
dissuade (v) letja
distinguish (v) deila
distress nauD
distress (v) angra
district heraD
district sveit
ditch gro,f
ditty kviDlingr
divide (v) deila
divide (v) skilja
divide (v) skipta
40
do harm (v) saka
do harm to (v) skaDa
dog bikkja
dog hundr
dog rakki
doomed feigr
door dyrr
door hurD
doorway dyrr
door_keeper dyrvo,rDr
doughtiness dugr
doughty Tru/Dugr
down niDr
down niDri
down ofan
downcast hnipinn
draught drykkr
dread o/tti
dream draumr
dream (v) dreyma
dregs o/rval
41
dress (v) binda
drift (v) hrinda
drink drykkr
drink munga/t
drink (v) drekka
drinker drykkjumaDr
drinking drykkja
drinking_horn horn
drinking_horn hvi/tingr
drip (v) drju/pa
drive stkkva
drive (v) aka
drive (v) drifa
drive (v) hrinda
drive (v) reka
drive away (v) hrekja
drizzle u/r
droop (v) dru/pa
drop (v) detta
droppings tros
drowsiness ho,fgi
42
dry Turr
duel einvigi
duty kno,D
dwarf dvergr
dwell (v) byggva
dwelling bu/
dwelling bygD
dwelling staDr
dwelling tu/n
dwelling_place bu/staDr
dwelling_place garDr
dwindle (v) re/na
eager annt
eager fu/ss
eager gjarn
eagle ari
eagle o,rn
earl jarl
early snemt
early snimhendis
early snimma
43
earn (v) o,Dlask
earth fold
earth jo,rD
earth mold
earthquake landskja/lpti
easily vel
Easterner austmaDr
eastward austr
easy dAll
easy hOgr
eat (v) eta
eat (v) nyta
eat a meal (v) matask
ebb_tide fjara
edge egg
edge jaDarr
edge Tro,mr
egg egg
eight a/tta
eighteen a/tja/n
elated uppstertr
44
elder ellri
elect (v) taka
eleven ellifu
elf a/lfr
elk elgr
elm almr
eloquent snjallr
else ella
employment vist
empty (v) drekka
empty (v) ryDja
enchantment seiDr
encircle (v) sveipa
enclosure garDr
enclosure tu/n
encomium hro/Dr
encomium lofkvADi
encomium mArD
encounter viDreign
encourage (v) fysa
end enda
45
end endi
end lykD
end (v) lu/ka
endurance eljun
endure (v) Tola
enemy andskoti
enemy fja/ndmaDr
enemy o/vinr
energetic bilstyggr
energy atferD
energy da/D
engender (v) geta
engrave (v) grafa
enjoy (v) njo/ta
enjoy (v) una
enormously allsto/rum
enough gno/gr
enough Orinn
enough Orit
enslave (v) Tja/
entangle (v) vefja
46
enterprising grviligr
entertain (v) skemta
entertaining skemtiligr
entertainment fo,gnuDr
entice (v) teygja
entrance innganga
enumerate (v) telja
equal jafn
equal li/ki
equality jafnaDr
equality jo,fnuDr
equinox jafndOgri
equip (v) skipa
equipment bu/naDr
erect uppre/ttr
errand sendiferD
erring villr
establish (v) setja
established fullkominn
esteem metorD
esteem (v) virDa
47
estimate Atlun
estimate (v) meta
estimate (v) virDa
estuary o/ss
evening aptann
evening kveld
evensong kveldso,ngr
event atburDr
every hverr
everything hvatvetna
evident auDse/nn
evident auDsy/nn
evil illr
evil va/ndr
ewe a/sauDr
exactly inniliga
exaggerate (v) ofsa
exceedingly a/kafliga
exceedingly forkunnar
exceedingly helzt
excellent a/gAtr
48
exchange (v) skipta
excuse va/rkunn
exhaustion mODi
exhortations forto,lur
exiled u/tlAgr
exist (v) syna
expect (v) Atla
expect (v) vAnta
expectation va/n
expedient ra/D
expedition fo,r
expense kostnaDr
expensive dy/rr
exploration landaleitan
explore (v) kanna
expression orDtOki
extend (v) ganga
externally u/tan
extinguish (v) slkkva
eye auga
eye_brow bru/n
49
face andlit
fail (v) Trjo/ta
faintness o/megin
fair fagr
fair sannligr
fair_minded rgrandr
faith tru/
fall fall
fall (v) detta
fall (v) falla
fall (v) hrata
fall asleep (v) sofna
fall back (v) hrkkva
fall down (v) rata
fall down on (v) hlaupa
false fla/r
false fla/ra/Dr
false undirfo,rull
falsehood lygi
falseness lausung
fame do/mr
50
fame frami
fame orDsti/rr
family Att
family skuldaliD
famous frAgr
famous mArr
far fjarri
far off fjarri
farm bu/
farm hu/s
farm staDfesta
farming bu/
farmstead bOr
farm_cattle bu/fe/
farther viDara
fashion leiD
fashioned ha/ttaDr
fast fast
fast fastr
fasten (v) festa
fasten (v) kneppa
51
fasten (v) strengja
fat feitr
fate forlo,g
fate hluti
fated Atla
fated auDit
father faDir
fault_finding atmAlasamr
favor hylli
favorite vilDarmaDr
fear ADra
fear hrAzla
fear o/tti
fear (v) ugga
feast boD
feast gildi
feast mannboD
feast veizla
feast_day messa
feather fjo,Dr
feathers fiDri
52
feather_coat fjaDrhamr
feature a/lit
feed (v) ala
feed (v) fODa
feel (v) kenna
fell fjall
fellow bokki
fellow fe/lagi
fellow_countryman landi
felt To/fi
fen fen
fence garDr
festival boD
fetter band
fetter fjo,turr
few fa/r
field akr
field vo,llr
fields bjo,D
fierce atall
fierce grimmr
53
fiercely harDliga
fiercest harDaz
fiery o,ndo/ttr
fifteen fimta/n
fight bardagi
fight barsmiD
fight so/kn
fight vi/g
fight (v) vega
fighter vi/gamaDr
fill (v) fylla
filth saurr
filthy o/krAsilegr
find (v) finna
find (v) hitta
find (v) leita
find out (v) forvitnask
find out (v) spyrja
fine gildr
fine go/Dr
fine reisiligr
54
finger fingr
finish (v) lu/ka
fire aldrnari
fire ba/l
fire bruni
fire eldr
fire hyrr
firewood eldivDr
firm fastr
first a/Dr
first fyrstr
firth fjo,rDr
fish fiskr
fitting makligr
fitting verDr
five fimm
flag fli/k
flail ha/lmTu/st
flame hiti
flame villieldr
flat flatr
55
flat ho,lkn
flay (v) fla/
flee (v) flyja
fleeing fljo/tr
fleet floti
fleetness skjo/tleikr
flesh hold
flesh sla/tr
flight flaugun
flight flo/tti
flitting sveimun
float (v) fljo/ta
flood flo/D
floor go/lf
flour mjo,l
fly (v) flju/ga
fly (v) hrjo/ta
fly off (v) fju/ka
flying flaugun
foal fyl
fodder fo/Dr
56
fog Toka
fold grind
follow (v) fylgja
follower liDi
follower sveitungr
following fylgD
folly he/go/mi
food gjo,r
food matr
foolish heimskr
foolish o/snjallr
foolish villtr
foot fo/tr
forbid (v) banna
force foss
foreign u/tlendr
foremost fyrstr
forest mo,rk
forest sko/gr
forest viDr
forge (v) sla/
57
forget (v) tyna
form li/ki
form mynd
form vo,xtr
former fyrri
formerly forDum
formula forma/li
fortitude Trek
fortunate heppinn
fortunate sAll
fortune happ
forward fram
forward framan
forward framr
foster (v) fo/stra
foster_brother fo/stbro/Dir
foster_father fo/stri
foster_mother fo/stra
foster_son fo/stri
foul fu/ll
fountain kelda
58
four fjo/rir
fourteen fjo/rta/n
fourth fjo/rDi
four_cornered ferskeyttr
fox_hole gren
franklin bo/ndi
frantic o/Dr
frantic Orr
free frja/ls
free lauss
free sja/lfra/Dr
freeze (v) frjo/sa
freeze (v) kala
free_will sja/lfvili
fresh hraDr
friend vinr
friendliness bliDa
friendship vina/tta
frighten (v) fAla
frighten (v) hrADa
frighten (v) skelfa
59
frightened hrAddr
frost frost
frost_giant hri/mTurs
fulfill (v) efna
full fullr
full outlaw allsekr
funeral feast erfi
fur skinn
furious o/Dr
further fremr
fury mo/Dr
fur_ware skinnavara
gable_wall gaflveggr
gallant vaskr
gallantly pru/tt
gallantly ro,skliga
gallop (v) hleypa
game leikr
gape (v) gapa
garment klADi
gather (v) lesa
60
gather (v) safna
gather (v) samna
gathering samnaDr
gaze sjo/n
gaze (v) gAgjask
gaze (v) horfa
gaze (v) sja/
genealogy Attartala
generosity sto/rmenska
generous mildr
generously ho,fDingliga
genial leiDitamr
gentle dAll
gentle hOgr
gentleman jarl
get back (v) heimta
get up (v) ri/sa
ghost draugr
ghost haugbu/i
giant jo,tunn
giant Turs
61
giantess flagD
gift gjo,f
girdle fetill
give (v) gefa
give (v) selja
give (v) veita
give birth to (v) fODa
give heed to (v) hyggja
give help to (v) fylgja
give in marriage (v) gipta
giver bjo/Dr
glacier jo,kull
glad feginn
glad glaDr
gladden (v) glaDa
gladden (v) hlOgja
gladly glaDliga
gladly vel
gladness gleDi
glance tillit
glide (v) skri/Da
62
glitter (v) glita
glorious mArr
glory a/gAti
glory dy/rD
glory dy/rk
glory vegr
glove hanzki
glum o/glaDr
go (v) fara
go (v) ganga
go (v) hvarfa
go (v) hvata
go (v) leita
go (v) liDa
go (v) ra/Da
goad geisl
goat hafr
goat_skin hafrstaka
god a/ss
gods ti/var
gold gull
63
gold marglo/D
golden_horned gullhyrndr
good luck gipta
good luck happ
good luck heill
goods go/z
goods varnaDr
goodwill go/Dvili
good_tempered skapgo/Dr
gorge gil
grace hylli
grace miskunn
gracious bliDr
grain korn
grandmother amma
grandson do/tturson
grandson sonarson
grant (v) unna
grant (v) veita
grape vi/nber
grape_vine vi/nviDr
64
grasp fang
grasp (v) Tri/fa
graspingness seiling
grass gras
grassless svarDlauss
grassy gro,sugr
grave dys
gravel mo,l
grave_mound haugr
great mikill
great ri/kr
great sto/rr
great number herr
greatest mestr
greatly a/kaft
greatly mikit
greed a/girni
greedy frekr
greet (v) heilsa
greet (v) kveDja
greeting kveDja
65
grey gra/r
grey ho,ss
grief bo,l
grief harmr
grieve (v) harma
grim grimmr
grimace (v) gretta
grin (v) glotta
grip (v) gri/pa
groan stynr
groan (v) stundi
groan (v) ymja
groaning ymr
groin na/ri
grope (v) Treifa
ground grunnr
ground vo,llr
grow (v) Tro/ask
grow (v) vaxa
grow dark (v) myrkva
grow dark (v) sortna
66
grow old (v) eldask
growth a/vo,xtr
growth vo,xtr
guard vo,rDr
guard (v) geyma
guard against (v) varDa
guest boDsmaDr
guest gestr
guide (v) vi/sa
guild gildi
guild_brethren gildisbrODr
habit vandi
hail hagall
hail_stone haglkorn
hair ha/r
hair sko,r
haired hArDr
hairy loDinn
half ha/lfr
half helmingr
hall ho,ll
67
hall salr
hall ska/li
hallow (v) vi/gja
hall_floor hallargo/lf
hammer hamarr
hand ho,nd
hand mund
handle skapt
handmaid amba/tt
handshake handsal
handsome fri/Dr
handsome vAnn
hanging si/Dr
happen (v) verDa
happening ti/Dr
happy sAll
harbour ho,fn
harden (v) herDa
hardihood harDrADi
hardihood krellr
hardly trauDla
68
hard_hearted harDhugaDr
harm ha/ski
harm nauD
harm o/gagn
harm vansi
harmful meinsamr
harry (v) herja
harsh herfiligr
harsh stirDlyndr
hasten (v) hvata
hastily skyndiliga
hasty bra/Dr
hateful leiDr
haughty sto/rra/Dr
haul (v) draga
have (v) eiga
have (v) hafa
have the power to (v) eiga
have the use of (v) njo/ta
hawk haukr
hawk heiDir
69
head hjalmstallr
head ho,fuD
headland nes
headlong hrapalliga
heap hru/ga
hear (v) heyra
hear (v) hlyDa
hear of (v) heyra
hearing hljo/D
heart hjarta
heart hugr
heart munr
heartily glaDliga
heat a/kafi
heat bruni
heat hiti
heat (v) verma
heath heiDr
heathen heiDinn
heathendom heiDni
heathenism hindrvitni
70
heaven himinn
heaven upphiminn
heavy Tungr
heed gaumr
heed (v) ga/
heed (v) geyma
heel hAll
height hAD
heir erfingi
hell hel
helm styri
helmet hja/lmr
help a/sja/
help beini
help fullting
help liDveizla
help umra/D
help (v) duga
help (v) hja/lpa
help (v) tja/
help (v) veita
71
helpful gagnsamr
helpfulness gagnsemD
hem skaut
hence heDan
henchman maDr
hens hOnsn
herd hjo,rD
herdsman fe/hirDir
herdsman hirDir
herdsman smalamaDr
hero halr
hero ho,ldr
hero kappi
hero o,ldungr
hero seggr
hew (v) ho,ggva
hide hu/D
hide (v) fela
hideous illiligr
hideously afskrAmiliga
high ha/r
72
highest efst
highest Oztr
hill fell
hill hAD
hill_crest ha/ls
hill_giant bergrisi
hill_side hallr
hilt hjo,lt
hind eptri
hinder (v) hepta
hinder (v) ta/lma
hire (v) leiga
history frODi
hither heDra
hither hingat
hold (v) halda
hold fast (v) halda
hole gro,f
hole hol
hole hylr
hole rauf
73
hollow hol
hollow holr
home heim
home heima
home heimili
home hybyli
homestead heimili
homestead heimsto,D
homestead hybyli
homestead staDfesta
honest rgrandr
honor mannvirDing
honor sOmd
honor sOmD
honor vegr
honor virDing
honorable frAgiligr
honorable sOmiligr
honorable virDuligr
honorably a/gAtliga
hood hattr
74
hood ho,fuDdu/kr
hood ho,ttr
hook kro/kr
hop (v) skjo/ta
hope va/n
hope (v) vAtta
horn horn
horror skri/pi
horse hestr
horse hross
horse marr
horseman riddari
horse_flesh hrossakjo,t
hospitality lo,D
hospitality risna
host fjo,l
host fylking
host samnaDr
host sinni
host sjo,t
hostage gi/sl
75
hostility ni/D
hostility o/friDr
hot heitr
hound hundr
house bOr
house hu/s
household hju/
housewife hu/sfreyja
house_building hu/sgrD
house_folk man
how hversu
however hversu
howl (v) yla
howling Tytr
huge sto/rr
hugely sto/rum
human mannligr
human menskr
humbly li/tilla/tliga
humiliation hrakning
humiliation lAging
76
hundred hundraD
hunger gra/Dr
hungry soltinn
hunting veiDr
huntsman veiDimaDr
hurdle hurDarflaki
hurl (v) fOra
hurl (v) setja
hurl (v) slngva
hurry ra/s
hurry (v) skynda
hurt mein
hurt o/gagn
husband bo/ndi
husband maDr
husband verr
ice i/ss
ice svell
ignominy o/so/mi
ignorant o/vitr
illness so/tt
77
illuminate (v) lysa
ill_clad nkkviDr
ill_favored o/sAlligr
impassable o/fOrr
importance tilkva/ma
imposing mikilu/Dligr
improve (v) batna
impure o/hreinn
incautiously o/varliga
incest sifjaslit
incite (v) etja
increase a/vo,xtr
increase auki
increase (v) auka
increase (v) fylla
increase (v) Tro/ask
increase (v) vaxa
infant ko,gursveinn
information fra/so,gn
information fregn
information ma/l
78
inheritance arfr
injure (v) lesta
injure (v) meiDa
injury mein
injury meizi
injustice o/jafnaDr
innocent saklauss
inquire (v) forvitnask
insignificant sma/skitligr
insult hrakning
intelligently skynsamliga
intend (v) Atla
intend (v) hyggja
intend (v) vilja
intention ra/D
invest (v) varDi
invest (v) verja
invitation lo,D
invite (v) bjo/Da
iron ja/rn
iron_smith ja/rnsmiDr
79
island ey
island eyland
jaw kjo,ptr
jerk (v) kippa
jetsam reki
jewel men
joint liDr
journey ferD
journey fo,r
journey leiD
journey vegr
journeying fo,r
joy angan
judge do/mari
judge (v) dOma
judgement do/mr
judgement_seat do/msto/ll
justice jafnaDr
keel kjo,lr
keen bitr
keen o,rr
80
keeping hirzla
keeping varDveizla
key lykill
kick (v) spyrna
kid kiD
kill (v) bana
kill (v) drepa
kill (v) vega
killing dra/p
kin kyn
kind ha/ttr
kind kyn
kindle (v) kveykva
kindly linr
kindred mo,gr
king buDlungr
king gramr
king jo,furr
king konungr
king lofDungr
king Tengill
81
kingdom ri/ki
kinship frAndsemi
kinsman frAndi
kinsman na/ungi
kinsman niDr
kirtle kyrtill
kirtle skyrta
kiss (v) kyssa
knapsack kyll
knead (v) knoDa
knee kne/
knife kni/fr
knife sax
knob knappr
knock (v) klappa
knoll hva/ll
knot knu/tr
knot lykkja
know (v) kenna
know (v) kunna
know how to (v) kunna
82
know of (v) vita
knowledge fro/Dleikr
knowledge kunnandi
knowledge kunnusta
knowledge skyn
known kunnigr
known kunnr
knuckle knu/i
knuckle_bone knu/ta
labor forvirki
laborer verkmaDr
lace Tvengr
lacking a/vant
lacking vanr
lad sveinn
lake vatn
lame haltr
land bjo,D
land fit
land land
landed lendr
83
landing_stage bryggja
landslide skriDa
land_dues landaurar
lane geil
language ma/l
large mikill
last si/Dastr
lasting drju/gr
later efri
later si/Dar
latest si/Dast
laugh (v) hlAja
laughable hlOgiligr
laughter hla/tr
lava hraun
law lo,g
law re/ttr
laws lo,g
lawsuits ma/laferli
law_rock lo,gberg
law_speaker lo,gso,gumaDr
84
lay a charge against (v) kAra
lay hands on (v) ho,ndla
lay waste (v) eyDa
layer lag
leader fo/lkhagi
leader skati
leader vi/si
leader vinr
leader yfirmaDr
leaf laufsblaD
leaf_green laufgrOnn
leap (v) hlaupa
leap (v) stikla
learn (v) fregna
learned spakr
least minstr
least si/zt
left vinstri
left_handed o,rvendr
leg fo/tr
leg leggr
85
lend (v) lja/
length lengD
lengthen (v) lengja
lessen (v) minka
letter bre/f
level sle/ttr
liability a/byrgD
liberal go/Dr
liberal o,rr
liberality risna
lie lygi
lie (v) TrumDi
lie (v) Trymja
lie down (v) liggja
life Avi
life fjo,r
life li/f
life li/fdagar
life_story Avi
lift (v) hefja
lift (v) le/tta
86
lift (v) lypta
lift (v) vega
light ljo/s
light (v) kveykva
like li/ki
likelihood li/kindi
likely gli/kligr
likely li/kligr
likely li/kr
likely vAnn
liking geD
lime_tree lind
lineage Att
lineage kynkvi/sl
linen ho,rr
linen le/rept
linen li/n
lintel uppdyri
lip gro,n
litigation deild
live (v) lifa
87
livestock bu/
living kykr
load (v) hlaDa
loathsome a/ma/ttr
lock (v) lAsa
locks sko,r
lodge (v) gista
lodge (v) liggja
lodgings herbergi
lofty ha/r
log la/g
log stokkr
log tre/
long langr
long lengi
long si/Dr
longer lengr
longest lengst
long_lived langli/fr
look tillit
look about (v) litask
88
loop lykkja
loose lauss
lord dro/ttinn
lord herra
lord Tengill
lore fro/Dleikr
lore frODi
lose (v) missa
lose (v) tyna
loss afroD
loss skaDi
lot hluti
loudly ha/tt
louse lu/s
love a/st
love a/stir
love elska
love (v) elska
lower neDar
lower neDri
lower (v) lAgja
89
loyal hollr
luck gAfa
luck hamingja
lucklessness gAfuleysi
lucky heppinn
lucky man gAfumaDr
lucky man giptumaDr
mad Orr
made go,rr
magic fro/Dleikr
magnificent frAgiligr
magnificent sko,ruligr
magnificent virDuligr
maiden mAr
maim (v) meiDa
mainland meginland
make (v) efla
make (v) gera
make (v) gra
make (v) setja
make (v) smi/Da
90
make a bargain (v) kaupa
make great (v) mikla
make red (v) rjo/Da
make run (v) hleypa
making grD
man gumi
man halr
man ho,lDr
man ho,ldr
man karl
man karlmaDr
man maDr
man rekkr
man verr
mane mo,n
manfully drengiliga
manfully frOknliga
manifest skyrr
manly sko,ruligr
manner ha/ttr
manner leiD
91
manner lund
manner mo/t
manslaughter manndra/p
manslaughter mannskaDi
manslaughters vi/gaferli
many margr
maple mo,surr
mare hross
mare merr
mare sto/Dhross
market kaupstefna
marriage kostr
married kva/ngaDr
marrow mergr
marry (v) kva/ngask
marshal stallari
martyrdom martirium
marvel undr
mask gri/ma
mass messa
match jafnmenni
92
material efni
mead mjo,Dr
meadow eng
meal matr
meal mjo,l
meal_bag mjo,lbelgr
mean (v) gegna
mean (v) hyggja
mean (v) ta/kna
meanness o/drengskapr
mean_looking vesalligr
meat sla/tr
meddle with (v) glettask
mediate (v) miDla
meet (v) finna
meet (v) mOta
men firar
men gotar
men lyDr
men virDar
merchant kaupmaDr
93
merciful mildr
merciful miskunnsamr
mercy miskunn
merit tilgrD
merry glaDr
merry ka/tr
merry teitr
message orD
message orDsending
message rendi
messenger sendimaDr
middle miDr
midsummer miDsumar
might ma/ttr
might megin
might orka
mighty Tro/ttigr
mild gAfr
milk (v) mjo/lka
mind geD
mind hugr
94
mind munr
mind (v) hirDa
miserable vesall
misfortune o/gAfa
misfortune o/happ
miss (v) sakna
mission rendi
mission sendiferD
mist Toka
mix (v) blanda
moan (v) stynja
moaning stynr
moment bil
money fe/
money fe/munir
money skillingr
monk munkr
monster foraD
monster hveDrungr
monster o/vAttr
month ma/naDr
95
mood lund
mood skaplyndi
moon ma/ni
moon tungl
moonlight tunglskin
more fleiri
more fremr
more meiri
more meirr
moreover enda
mortify (v) pi/na
moss mosi
mother mo/Dir
mould mold
mound haugr
mount (v) hlaupa
mountain fell
mountain fjall
mountainous fjo,llo/ttr
mouse mu/s
mouth muDr
96
mouth munnr
mouthful sopi
move quickly (v) bregDa
movement atriD
movement fo,r
mow (v) sla/
mud efja
mud saurr
mud_flat leira
multitude fjo,lDi
multitude mengi
murder morDvi/g
mutilation meizi
my minn
mysteries ru/n
nail nagl
naked nkkviDr
name nafn
name (v) nefna
narration fra/so,gn
nasty o/Tokkuligr
97
nation Tjo/D
nature lund
nay heldr
nearer nAr
nearest nAst
nearly na/liga
nearly nAr
nearly nAsta
neatly hagliga
necessary Tarfr
necessity nauDsyn
neck ha/ls
necklace men
need nauDsyn
need (v) Turfa
neigh (v) hneggja
neigh (v) hri/na
neighbor bu/i
neighbor na/bu/i
neither hva/rgi
never Ava
98
never aldregi
never aldri
nevertheless To/
new nyr
news fregn
news njo/sn
news nylunda
news ti/Dendi
night no/tt
night_lodgings gisting
nine ni/u
no neinn
nobility drengskapr
noble go/Dr
noble mArr
nobleman lendrmaDr
noise lAti
noisy ha/vaDamikill
none neinn
northern norDanverDr
northwards norDr
99
nose nef
nostril no,s
nothing vAtr
notice (v) Tekkja
nowhere hvergi
nurse fo/stra
oak eik
oarsman ha/seti
oath eiDr
oaths sOri
obedience hlyDni
obligation vandi
obliged skyldr
obliging va/ndr
observe (v) hyggja
obstinacy Tra/
obtain (v) hreppa
obtain (v) na/
occasion ti/mi
occupation iDn
occupy (v) skipa
100
occur (v) koma
occurrence atburDr
offence miski
offence mo/tgrD
offence so,k
offer boD
offer kostr
often opt
oftener optar
ogre Turs
old aldinn
old forn
old gamall
old age elli
old woman kerling
older ellri
on fram
one_handed einhendr
onset hri/D
open (v) hni/ga
opening rof
101
opinion Atlun
opportunity fOri
opportunity kostr
opposite gagnvart
opposite gegnt
origin kyn
origin uppruni
ornament hnoss
our o/rr
our va/rr
outfit umbu/ningr
outhouse u/tibu/r
outlaw sko/garmaDr
outlaw u/tlagi
outlawed sekr
outlawed u/tlAgr
outlawry sekt
overbearing o/dAll
overbearing ofri/ki
overcome (v) sigra
own (v) eiga
102
ox uxi
oxen yxen
pace fet
page sko/sveinn
pail bytta
pain mein
painful sa/rr
pale fo,lr
pale litlauss
palm lo/fi
part hlutr
part ho,nd
part staDr
part with (v) lo/ga
parting skilnaDr
partition ba/lkr
partner fe/lagi
party fylgD
pass (v) liDa
pastime skemtun
pasture gras
103
pasture land eng
path gata
path leiD
path sti/gr
patrimony AttleifD
patron vinr
patronage forsja/
patronage umra/D
paunch_fat i/stra
pause hvi/lD
pavilion tjald
pay (v) gjalda
pay (v) inna
pay (v) veita
pay reverence to (v) lu/ta
payment gjald
peace friDr
peace griD
pen grind
penalty sekt
penniless fe/lauss
104
penny penningr
people firar
people fo/lk
people liD
people lyDr
people Tjo/D
perceive (v) kenna
perceive (v) skilja
perform (v) efla
perform (v) efna
perform (v) fremja
perform (v) iDja
peril o/fOra
perish (v) tyna
permission orlof
permit (v) lofa
persistence Tra/
phantom skri/pi
phrase orDtOki
piece moli
pile (v) hlaDa
105
pillow hOgindi
pin da/lkr
pit gro/f
pit gro,f
pitch (v) tjalda
pithless Treklauss
pithless Tro/ttlauss
place staDr
place (v) skipa
placed staddr
plague mein
plain vo,llr
plan ra/D
plank stokkr
planking Tilja
platform hjallr
play (v) leika
plead a case (v) flytja
pleading flutningr
pleasant bliDr
please (v) li/ka
106
pleasure gaman
plunder (v) herja
plunder (v) rAna
poem kvADi
poet ska/ld
poetry bragTa/ttr
poetry ska/ldskapr
point oddr
point stikill
poison eitr
pole a/ss
pole meiDr
pole sto,ng
pole trjo/na
pole tro/Da
pole_ladder kraki
policy ra/D
pool hylr
poop_deck lypting
poor armr
poor fa/tOkr
107
poor fe/li/till
popular vinsAll
popularity vinsAld
porridge grautr
portion hlutr
position lag
possess (v) eignask
possess (v) hafa
possession eiga
possession hirzla
possessions auDOfi
possessions eign
possible hOgr
poverty efnaleysi
poverty fa/tOkD
poverty nauD
poverty va/laD
power afli
power megin
power ri/ki
power vald
108
powerful ri/kr
praise hro/Dr
praise lof
praise mArD
praise (v) leyfa
praise (v) lofa
praise (v) mAra
pray (v) biDja
pray to (v) heita
prayer bOn
preach (v) boDa
precious dy/rr
preparation umbu/D
prepare (v) bu/a
prepare (v) ryDja
prepare food (v) matbu/a
present staddr
present (v) fOra
preserve (v) varDveita
press (v) Trngva
presumption mikillAti
109
price verD
prickly hvass
pride mikillAti
pride o/ho/f
pride of
pride ofsi
priest prestr
prince buDlungr
prince do,glingr
prince jo,furr
prince Tjo/Dann
prince vi/si
prisoner fangi
probability va/n
probable li/kligr
probable venna
proceed (v) sOkja
proceeding atferli
proclaim (v) dOma
proclaim (v) lysa
produce frammi
110
profit go/Di
profit slOgr
profit (v) nyta
progress framkvAmd
progress (v) liDa
prohibit (v) banna
prolong (v) lengja
promise heit
promise (v) heita
promising efniligr
promising mannvAnn
promptly greiDliga
prophecy spa/
prophetess spa/kona
prophetess vi/sindakona
prophetess vo,lva
proportion ho/f
prosper (v) hlyDa
prostrate flatr
protect (v) hli/fa
protect (v) varDi
111
protect (v) verja
protection a/sja/
protection griD
protection skjaldborg
protection traust
protector ve/urr
proud pru/Dr
prove (v) reyna
proverb orDskviDr
provide (v) birgja
provide (v) bjo/Da
provide (v) skipa
provisions atdra/ttr
provisions birgDir
provisions fang
provisions nest
provocation tilgrD
prow framstafn
prow ho,fuDstafn
proximity na/nd
purchase (v) leysa
112
purpose hlutr
purpose (v) Atla
pursue (v) elta
push (v) hrinda
push (v) Trngva
put forth effort (v) kosta
quality kostr
quarrel deild
quarrel (v) deila
quarrel (v) sleita
quarters herbergi
queen dro/ttning
quick skjo/tr
quickly greiDliga
quickly hraDliga
quickly hverfr
quickly skjo/tla
quickly skjo/tt
quickly skyndiliga
quickly ti/tt
quiet hljo/Dr
113
quiet kyrr
quiet spakr
quite stundar
race Att
race ra/s
race skeiD
race Tjo/D
radiance ljo/mi
rag fli/k
rag slitri
rage (v) geisa
rail spo,lr
raise (v) hefja
raise (v) re/tta
raise (v) reiDa
raise (v) reisa
rake (v) raka
rank ro,D
rather heldr
raven hrafn
ravine gil
114
reach (v) re/tta
readily fljo/tr
readily vel
ready go,rr
reason efni
reason skyld
reason so,k
reasonable gAfr
reasonable hOgr
receive (v) Tiggja
receptacle skokkr
reception viDrtaka
reception viDtaka
recite (v) kveDa
recite (v) Tylja
reckoning tal
recognize (v) kenna
recognize (v) Tekkja
recoil (v) ho,rfa
reconcile (v) sAtta
reconciled sa/ttr
115
reconciliation sAtt
recover (v) heimta
recover (v) koma
red rauDr
red rjo/Dr
reddened roDinn
redeem (v) gjalda
redeem (v) leysa
redress sOmd
redress sOmD
red_bearded rauDskeggjaDr
reek eimi
reek (v) rju/ka
refrain stef
refuse (v) neita
refuse (v) synja
region heimr
rein taumr
reindeer hreinn
relate (v) geta
relative frAndi
116
religion siDr
religion tru/
reluctant trauDr
reluctant tregr
rely on (v) hli/ta
remain (v) sitja
remember (v) muna
remind (v) minna
remove (v) flytja
rend (v) sli/ta
renown orDsti/rr
rent (v) leiga
repay (v) gjalda
repay (v) inna
repent (v) iDrask
report so,gn
reproach a/mAli
reputation do/mr
reputation virDing
request (v) Asta
request (v) beiDa
117
require (v) Turfa
rescue (v) frelsa
resentment i/hugi
reserved fa/skiptinn
reside (v) sitja
residence atseta
resolved einra/Dinn
resound (v) duna
resound (v) dunDi
resound (v) glymja
resound (v) Trymja
respect staDr
respect virDing
respite frest
rest hvi/lD
rest ro/
rest (v) hvi/la
rest (v) styDja
result (v) hljo/ta
retainer hirDmaDr
retainer hu/skarl
118
revile (v) geyja
reward laun
reward (v) launa
rib rif
rich auDigr
riddle ga/ta
ridge ha/ls
ridge_beam bru/na/ss
riding reiD
riding TriDjungr
right hOgri
right re/ttr
right skyldr
rim borD
rim ro,nd
ring baugr
ring hringr
rip (v) ri/fa
rise (v) ri/sa
risk (v) hAtta
river a/
119
river fljo/t
rivet (v) hnjo/Da
road braut
road gata
road leiD
road mannavegr
road vegr
roar (v) glymja
roar (v) gnyja
rob (v) rAna
rob (v) stela
rock bjarg
rock sker
rocks grjo/tbjo,rg
roll (v) hrjo/ta
roof rAfr
roof Tak
roof Tekja
room ru/m
root ro/t
rope festr
120
rope reip
rope strengr
ropes tengsl
rotten fu/inn
rouse (v) vakti
rouse (v) vekja
row lo,n
row (v) ro/a
rub (v) ma/
rub (v) strju/ka
ruddy rauDlitaDr
ruddy rjo/Dr
rule (v) ra/Da
rule (v) styra
rule over (v) stjo/rna
ruler ho,fDingi
ruler skati
ruler Tjo/Dann
rummaging Trausk
run hlaup
run (v) hlaupa
121
run (v) renna
run (v) rinna
run (v) stikla
running_ground skeiD
rush (v) hrapa
rush (v) rasa
rush (v) Tjo/ta
sacred heilagr
sacrifice blo/t
sacrifice hu/sl
sacrifice (v) blo/ta
saddle so,Dull
sadness o/gleDi
safe heill
safe ruggr
safe tru/r
safe tryggr
sail segl
sail (v) sigla
sailing sigling
sailor farmaDr
122
sake skyld
salmon lax
salute (v) kveDja
same samr
sample merki
sand sandr
sandbank eyrr
save (v) forDa
save (v) frelsa
say (v) kveDa
say (v) segja
say (v) telja
scabbard ska/lpr
scabbard sli/Dir
scabbard sli/Drar
scabbard umgjo,rD
scald ska/ld
scant hneppr
scantily vart
scarcely trautt
scarcely vart
123
scarecrow tre/maDr
scion niDr
sconce_horn vi/tishorn
Scottish Skozkr
scrape (v) skafa
scratch (v) klo/ra
scream (v) gala
scream (v) hlakka
screaming jarmr
scrip skreppa
scroll strengr
sea Agir
sea haf
sea harr
sea sAr
sea sjo/r
sea ver
sea vi/Dir
seafarers flotnar
search (v) kanna
search for (v) leita
124
season a/rangr
seat ru/m
seat sAti
seat (v) setja
sea_bird svanr
second annarr
secrecy laun
secure ruggr
see (v) hyggja
see (v) li/ta
see (v) sja/
see (v) vita
seek (v) leita
seek (v) sOkja
seem (v) li/ta
seem (v) Tykkja
seize (v) ho,ndla
seldom sjaldan
self sja/lfr
self_sown sja/lfsa/inn
sell (v) selja
125
send (v) fOra
send (v) senda
separate (v) skilja
separated fra/skila
serpent naDr
serpent ormr
servant hu/skarl
servant sko/sveinn
servant sveinn
servant Tegn
servant Tjo/nustumaDr
serve (v) Tjo/na
service reiDa
service vist
serving_woman griDkona
set (v) ra/Da
set (v) setja
settle (v) byggja
settle (v) byggva
settlement bygD
settlement landna/m
126
settler landna/mamaDr
seven sjau
seventeen sjautja/n
severe allharDr
severe fastr
severe stri/Dr
sew (v) sauma
shackle fjo,turr
shake (v) du/Di
shake (v) dy/ja
shake (v) hrista
shake (v) skja/lfa
shame hneykja
shame sko,mm
shame vansi
shamed neiss
shameful a/mAlissamr
shameful herfiligr
shape li/ki
shape mynd
share (v) skipta
127
sharp harDr
sharp hvass
sharpen (v) hvessa
sharply hart
sharply snarpliga
sheath hulDa
sheath sli/Dir
sheath sli/Drar
shed ska/li
shed u/tibu/r
sheep smali
sheepfold kvi/
shelter hli/f
shelter (v) hli/fa
shepherd sauDamaDr
shepherd smalamaDr
she_goat geit
shield hli/f
shield lind
shield ro,nd
shield skjo,ldr
128
shilling skillingr
shine (v) ljo/ma
shine (v) ski/na
shining hvi/tr
ship eik
ship gjalfrmarr
ship kjo/ll
ship kno,rr
ship skip
shipwreck skipsbrot
shirt serkr
shoal eyrr
shoe sko/r
shoot (v) skjo/ta
shore fit
shorter skemmr
shoulder bo/gr
shoulders herDar
shove (v) hrinda
show (v) syna
show (v) vi/sa
129
shower e/l
shut up (v) lAsa
shutter speld
shy skjarr
shy styggr
sickness kvilla
sickness so/ttarfar
side hliD
side ho,nd
side si/Da
sight syn
sign mark
signify (v) sAta
signify (v) ta/kna
silence hljo/D
silence To,gn
silent hljo/Dr
silent Tagall
silver silfr
since Tar
singe (v) svi/Da
130
singing so,ngr
sink (v) hni/ga
sink (v) lAgja
sink (v) siga
sink (v) skkva
sinless meinalauss
sister nipt
sister systir
sit (v) sitja
sitting_room stofa
six sex
sixteen sexta/n
sixth se/tti
ski (v) skri/Da
skin hamr
skin skinn
skin (v) fla/
skin_bag hi/t
skin_purse skjo/Dupungr
skull hauss
sky lopt
131
slander illmAli
slander ro/g
slander (v) ni/Da
slap (v) sletta
slaughter mannfall
slaughter (v) skera
slaughter (v) sla/tra
slave TrAll
slay (v) fella
slayer banamaDr
slayer bani
sleep ho,fgi
sleep svefn
sleep (v) sofa
sleeping_hall ska/li
sleeping_room svefnhu/s
sleeve ermr
slender grannr
slight neppr
slip (v) skreppa
slope brekka
132
slope hli/D
slow seinn
slowly seint
small la/gr
small sma/r
small boat keipr
small_guts sma/Tarmar
smile (v) hlAja
smite (v) berja
smite (v) drepa
smite (v) fOra
smite (v) sla/
smite (v) vega
smithy smiDja
smoke eimi
smoke gufa
smoke reykr
smoke (v) rju/ka
smooth sle/ttr
snap (v) sli/ta
snap (v) slitna
133
snap (v) stkkva
snore (v) hrjo/ta
snorting fno,sun
snow snAr
snow snja/r
snow_skate ski/D
son burr
son mo,gr
son niDr
son sonr
song so,ngr
sore kaun
sore sa/rr
sore vanma/tta
sorrow bo,l
sorrow harmr
sorrow su/t
sorrow (v) syrgja
sorrowful harmfullr
soul o,nd
soul sa/l
134
sound heill
sound sund
southerner suDrmaDr
southward ofan
southward suDr
south_east landsuDr
sovereign ruler allvaldr
sow (v) sa/
space ru/m
span (v) spenna
spare (v) spara
speak (v) mAla
speak (v) rODa
speak (v) tala
speak ill of (v) lasta
spear darraDr
spear fleinn
spear geirr
spear spjo/t
spears spjo,r
speck flekkr
135
speech ma/l
speech orD
speech tala
speed skjo/tfOri
speedily fljo/tliga
spell seiDr
spent falr
sphere kno,ttr
spirit andi
spirit hugr
spirit krellr
spirits na/ttu/ra
spit eyrr
splendid pru/Dr
splendidly allvegliga
split (v) klofna
split (v) spretta
spoil (v) spilla
sport leikr
sport (v) leika
spot flekkr
136
spot staDr
spread (v) breiDa
spring kelda
spring va/r
spring (v) hlaupa
spring (v) hrjo/ta
spring (v) springa
spring (v) stkkva
sprinkle (v) dreifa
spurn (v) sporna
stab (v) stinga
staff geisl
staff stafr
staff sto,ng
stall stallr
stallion hestr
stand (v) standa
stanza vi/sa
star stjarna
startled bilt
state efni
137
stature vo,xtr
stay (v) dveljask
stay (v) sitja
staying staddr
stay_at_home heimdragi
steed goti
steed skAr
steel sta/l
steep brattr
step (v) feta
step (v) sti/ga
stern stafn
steward a/rmaDr
steward bryti
stiff stirDr
still eDr
stinginess hodddofi
stipulate (v) segja
stir (v) bragDa
stir (v) hreyfa
stir (v) hrOra
138
stone bjarg
stone steinn
stones grjo/t
stony gryttr
stop (v) le/tta
stop (v) sto,Dva
storm hri/D
storm veDr
story ma/l
story saga
stoutly harDfengiliga
stout_hearted hraustr
straightway senn
strait sund
strand stro,nd
strange kynligr
strange undarligr
strangely undarliga
stratum lag
straw ha/lmr
stream lOkr
139
stream straumr
strength afl
strength kraptr
strength orka
strength styrkr
strength Trek
strengthen (v) festa
strew (v) stra/
strew (v) stra/a
strike (v) drepa
strike (v) ho,ggva
strike (v) ljo/sta
strike (v) sla/
strip (v) fletta
strip (v) hrjo/Da
stroke ho,gg
stroke skellr
stroke (v) strju/ka
strong kro,ptugr
strong rammligr
strong sterkr
140
strong Tro/ttigr
strong Tru/Dugr
stronghold borg
stronghold virki
strongly fast
strongly sterkliga
struggle svipting
struggle (v) knyja
stud_horse sto/Dhross
stuff skru/D
stumble (v) rasa
subject far
succeed (v) hlyDa
success framkvAmd
success uppreist
sudden bra/Dr
suffer (v) Tola
sufficient Orinn
sufficient Orit
sufficiently no/gu
suit so,k
141
summer sumar
summon (v) bjo/Da
summon (v) heimta
summon (v) kveDja
summon (v) stefna
summons boD
sun ro,Dull
sunset so/lbjo,rg
superstition hindrvitni
supper na/ttverDr
supplies atdra/ttr
supplies viDfo,ng
supply (v) birgja
support liDveizla
support traust
support (v) efla
support (v) fODa
supporter styrktarmaDr
suppose (v) geta
suspect (v) gruna
swallow svala
142
swallow (v) gleypa
swallow (v) svelga
swamp myrr
sweat sveiti
Swede SOnskr
Swedish SOnskr
sweep (v) so/pa
sweep (v) sveipa
sweet sva/ss
swell (v) svella
swift fljo/tr
swift hraDr
swift o,rr
swift skjo/tr
swift svinnr
swiftly fra/liga
swiftness skjo/tfOri
swim (v) svima
swing svipan
swing (v) reiDa
swing (v) styra
143
swing (v) sveipa
swing (v) veifa
swing up (v) reiDa
switch svigi
sword hja/lmro,Dull
sword hjo,rr
sword mAkir
sword sverD
sword_play hjo,rleikr
table borD
taciturn hljo/Dlyndr
tail sporDr
take (v) fa/
take (v) nema
take (v) taka
take care of (v) annask
take care of (v) gAta
take into consideration (v) li/ta
take place (v) ganga
take place (v) verDa
tale ma/l
144
talismans taufr
talk ma/l
talk rODa
talk tal
talk tala
talk umrODa
talk (v) tala
talkative ma/ligr
tall ha/r
task iDja
taste (v) kenna
taunt (v) sneiDa
tax gjald
teach (v) kenna
tear ta/r
tear (v) leysa
tear (v) ri/fa
tear (v) sli/ta
tedious seinn
tell a lie (v) lju/ga
temper lyndisbragD
145
temper skap
temple goDahu/s
tendon ha/sin
tent tjald
terrible a/ma/ttr
terrible atall
terrible megingrimmr
terrible o/gurligr
terrible o,ndo/ttr
terribly harDliga
terror hrAzla
test raun
test (v) freista
than Tan
thank (v) Takka
thanks To,kk
that sem
thatch Tak
thatch Tekja
the east austrvegr
thence TaDan
146
there Tar
they Teir
thick Tykkr
thigh Tjo/
thigh_bone lArleggr
thin magr
thing hlutr
think (v) Atla
think (v) geta
think (v) hyggja
third TriDi
thirsty Tyrstr
this sa/si
this sja/
this Tessi
thither Tangat
thither Tannig
thong Tvengr
thoroughly tru/liga
thought hugr
thoughtful hugall
147
thousand Tu/sund
thrall TrAll
threaten (v) bjo/Da
three Tri/r
throat o/st
throng (v) drifa
throng (v) skipa
throw (v) bregDa
throw (v) kasta
throw (v) skjo/ta
throw (v) slungnir
throw (v) slyngva
throw (v) verpa
thrust (v) reka
thrusting_spear atgeirr
thunder (v) TrumDi
thunder (v) Trymja
tide flo/D
tidings ti/Dendi
tie (v) snu/a
time Avi
148
time hri/D
time ma/l
time ti/D
time ti/mi
timidly o/framliga
to til
to viD
together a/samt
together saman
toil erfiDi
token mark
tolerate (v) Tola
tooth to,nn
toss (v) du/Di
totter (v) steypa
touch (v) taka
towards mo/t
towards viD
tower (v) gnAfa
town borg
trace reip
149
track far
trader farmaDr
trader kaupmaDr
train (v) vandi
train (v) venja
tramp stafkarl
trappings reiDi
travel (v) fara
treacherous fla/r
tread (v) troDa
treason svik
treasure grsimi
treasure men
treasures meiDmar
treaty re/ttr
tree eik
tree tre/
tree viDr
tree_trunk draugr
tremble (v) bifask
tremble (v) skja/lfa
150
trencherman skutilsveinn
trial raun
trifle li/tilrADi
trim (v) jafna
troll gi/fr
troll tro,ll
troops liD
troth tru/a
trouble erfiDi
trouble starf
trouble vandrADi
troublesome erfiDr
trough trog
true saDr
true sannr
true tryggr
truly sannliga
truly tru/liga
trumpet lu/Dr
trust (v) hli/ta
trusty ruggr
151
trusty tru/r
trusty tryggr
truth sannindi
try (v) freista
try (v) reyna
try to decide (v) i/huga
tumble (v) hrata
turf torf
turn (v) hverfa
turn (v) snu/a
turn (v) vi/kja
turn (v) vinda
twelfth to/lfti
twelve to/lf
twenty tuttugu
twig kvistr
twist (v) ri/Da
twist (v) snara
twist (v) snu/a
twist (v) vinda
two tveir
152
twofold tvennr
tyranny ofri/ki
ugly illiligr
ugly illr
ugly ljo/tr
unafraid o/hrAddr
unaware o/varr
unbaptized o/ski/rDr
unbelievable o/tru/ligr
uncertain o/vi/ss
uncle fo,DurbroDir
undecided o/ra/Dinn
underhand undirfo,rull
underling undirmaDr
undersized sma/skitligr
understand (v) skilja
understand (v) vita
understanding vizkumunr
undertake (v) taka
undeserving o/makligr
undismayed o/kviDinn
153
undone o/go,rr
undress (v) afklADa
unequally misjafnt
unfairness o/jafnaDr
unhurt o/sa/rr
unhurt o/sakaDr
uninformed o/vitr
universal almenniligr
unknown o/kunnigr
unlike o/li/kr
unlikely o/li/kligr
unlikely o/vAnligr
unlikely rvAnn
unmarried kva/nlauss
unpleasant fu/ll
unpleasing illr
unproductive o/frAr
unprofitable o/gagnvAnligr
unprotected brynjulauss
unprovided o/birgr
unsheltered u/ti
154
unshorn o/skorinn
unsteady lauss
unsuspecting grunlauss
unswerving re/ttr
untie (v) leysa
untried o/reyndr
unwary o/varr
unwilling o/fu/ss
unwilling trauDr
unwise o/snjallr
unwise o/vitrligr
upper efri
upset (v) ro/ta
urchin sveinstauli
urge (v) eggja
urge (v) fysa
urge on (v) a/Aggia
urgent bry/nn
usage vani
use (v) nyta
use up (v) lu/ka
155
useful nytr
useful Tarfr
useless gODalauss
useless o/gagnvAnligr
useless o/nytr
usual ti/Dr
usually hversdagliga
valiant frOkn
valiantly mannliga
valley dalr
valor hreysti
valuables fe/munir
value (v) meta
vapor gufa
various ymiss
variously ymist
vehemence a/kafi
vehement a/kafr
vengeance hefnd
verse vi/sa
vestibule anddyri
156
vex (v) re/a
vexation skapraun
victory sigr
vigil vaka
violate (v) brjo/ta
violence atganga
violent allharDr
violent meinsamr
visit (v) finna
visit (v) vitja
voice ro,dd
wages kaup
wail (v) veina
waken (v) vakti
waken (v) vekja
walk (v) hvarfa
walk (v) sti/ga
walk (v) troDa
wall ba/lkr
wall veggr
war o/friDr
157
wares kaupeyrir
wares varningr
warm varmr
warn (v) vara
warning varnaDr
warning varnan
warrior drengr
warrior rekkr
warship langskip
war_arrow hero,r
war_force herliD
war_sling valslo,ngva
wash (v) leyDra
wash (v) Tva/
waste away (v) morna
watch vo,rDr
watch (v) gAta
watch (v) geyma
watch (v) vaka
watch (v) varDa
watcher varDmaDr
158
water lo,gr
water vatn
waterfall foss
water_way vatn
wave unnr
wave va/gr
wave (v) veifa
way leiD
way lund
way staDr
way sti/gr
way vegr
we ve/r
weak o/sterkligr
wealth auDOfi
wealthy auDigr
weapon sko/D
weapon va/pn
weaponless va/pnlauss
weapons herva/pn
wear (v) hafa
159
weariness mODi
weary mo/Dr
weather veDr
weaving vefr
wedding brullaup
week vika
weep (v) gra/ta
weep (v) syrgja
weigh (v) vega
well vel
well_bred menntr
well_informed fro/Dr
well_knit harDsnu/inn
well_known frAgr
welter (v) TrumDi
welter (v) Trymja
westward vestr
wet blautr
wet va/tr
wet (v) vAta
whale hvalr
160
what hvat
whatsoever hvatki
wheat_field hveitiakr
whence hvaDan
whet (v) eggja
while hri/D
whir (v) dunDi
whir (v) dynja
whisper (v) kvisa
whit ho/t
white hvi/tr
white fair bleikr
white fox melrakki
whither hvert
who hverr
wicked va/ndr
wide viDr
widely viDa
widow ekkja
wield (v) valda
wife kona
161
wife kva/n
wife vi/f
wife vo,rD
wilderness o/bygD
wild_fire villieldr
will vili
willing fu/ss
willing lostigr
willingly gjarna
win (v) o,Dlask
win (v) vinna
wind veDr
wind vindr
wind (v) ri/Da
wind (v) vinda
window gluggr
wine vi/n
wing fjo,Dr
wing vAngr
winter su/t
winter vetr
162
wise fro/Dr
wise horskr
wise snotr
wise spakr
wise svinnr
wise vi/ss
wise vitr
wish ra/D
wish (v) lysta
wish (v) vilja
wit vit
within innan
witness va/ttr
witness vitni
wits vit
wive's kvenna
wolf freki
wolf ulfr
wolf valdyr
woman kona
woman vi/f
163
womanish argr
women kvennaliD
wondrous kynligr
wondrous undarligr
wondrously undarliga
wood sko/gr
wood viDr
woodland holt
word orD
work (v) orka
work (v) starfa
work (v) vinna
work (v) yrkja
world fold
world vero,ld
worse verr
worse verri
worshipful go,fugr
worst verst
worst verstr
worth verD
164
worth verDr
worthy gildr
wound ben
wound sa/r
wound spor
wound und
wound (v) sAra
wounded sa/rr
wrap (v) sveipa
wrap (v) vefja
wrath mo/Dr
wrath reiDi
wreck skipflak
wrestling fang
wrestling gli/ma
wretched armr
wretched herfiligr
wretched o/sAlligr
wretched vesall
write (v) ri/ta
write (v) skrifa
165
year a/r
yellow_beaked neffo,lr
yes ja/
yesterday gAr
yew_bow ybogi
yield (v) siga
yield (v) veita
young ungr
your ykkarr
youth Oska
youth ungmenni
166