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Sanketanidhi (Treasure of learning) is a book of essence of knowledge extracted from various classics on Hindu astrology by Shri Ram Dayalu, an astrologer, for the benefit of his nephew Shri Ghasi Ram (son of Ram Dayalu’s eldest brother Shri Vazir Chand Sharma) so that he can become proficient in astrology. In Chapter (Sanketa) V, he describes various Avasthas, method of calculation and the result of planets placed in that Avasthas. I shall summarise the process in following paragraphs. Nomenclature There are 12 Avasthas the names of which are as follows: Shayana or lying down Upaveshana or sitting Netrapani or with a hand on the eye, Prakasha or shining Gamana or going Agama or not going Aasthanee /Sabha or attendance in assembly Aagama or coming Bhuji /Bhojana or eating Nrityalipsa or desire to dance Kautuka or curiousity Nidra or sleep. Methodology /steps in calculation of Avasthas of Planets Sanketanidhi recommends the following method: Note the planetary number of the planet (Sun 1, Moon 2, Mars 3, Mercury 4, Jupiter 5, Venus 6, Saturn 7, Rahu 8 and Ketu 9) Find the number of star (reckoned from Aswini) occupied by the planet. Find the product of two above. Call it ‘A’ Find the degree occupied by the planet in the sign and multiply this by “A” Call this product “B” To this product (“B”) add the following The number of the natal star (reckoned) from Ashwini The number of Ghatis at birth counted from the previous sun rise (Note: One Hour = 2.5 Ghatis, One Min = 2.5 V Ghatis) The number of Ascendant counted from Aries. The resulting sum should be divided by 12. The remainder represents the number of the Avastha counted from Shayana. Brihat Parashara Hour Shastra recommends the following method for finding out the Avasthas of planets. I advise students to adopt this method because, it is simpler than the one mentioned above.
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Venus 6. pain or some other trouble in chest. rogue. very lazy. Moon Shayana: Stupid. Aagama: Weak.o o o o o o o o Find the number of star (reckoned from Aswini) occupied by the planet. defamed. the native would be sickly. Nidra:-Bereft of wife and wealth. honoured by assembly of nobles. Aagama: Waxing Moon is auspicious but if waning. Call this product “B” To “B” add the number of Star occupied by the Moon in Rashi Chart (Janma Nakshatra)…… Call this product “C” To “C” add the number of Ascendant counting from Aries. Aasthanee: Member of assemblies. Prakasha: Equipped with good qualities. Agama: Poverty. wicked. Example To find Avastha of Mercury Mercury is in Krittika 2 Pada – 3rd Star from Aswini Planetary Number is 4 Mercury in 1st Navamsha Natal Moon is in Krittika 1 Pada – 3rd Star from Aswini Asc is 5th from Aries Therefore Avastha = 3X4X1=12+3+5=20 20 divided by 12 gives a remainder of 8 8 represent ‘Aagama’ Avastha Effects of Planets in various Avasthas Sun: Shayana: Ulcer or wound in anus. Aasthanee: Like a king. harassed and defeated by enemies. poor. fear from father. Upaveshana: Thief. Jupiter 5. Nrityalipsa: Happy. Bhuji: Many kinds of comforts and happiness if Moon be Waxing. Prakasha: Liberal minded. gain of wealth from the king or government. evil minded. loss of wealth. unhappy. angry. forgives others easily. loss of wealth. Mars 3. favourite of the king or government. helping others. Kautuka: Conquest over enemies. impure. Netrapani: Speaks harshly. Gamana: Lazy. Multiply this by the planetary number (Sun 1. Gamana: Suffers from eye trouble even if Moon is in Shukla Paksha (waxing). fond of intoxicants. Waning Moon gives inauspicious results. always happy. illicit relations with other women. Agama: Attached to other peoples wives. sickly. Remainder indicates Avastha of the planet Note: Remainder Zero is taken as 12. stupid. honour and happiness. miserable. passionate. suffers from diseases of the feet. Rahu 8 and Ketu 9) – Call this product “A” Multiply “A” by the number of Navamsha occupied by the planet. fond of women. Mercury 4. Netrapani: Plenty of happiness. Moon 2. Call this “D” Divide “D” by 12 and note down the remainder. Saturn 7. Bhuji: Worried. Nrityalipsa: Enjoys charming music if . unstable mind. Upaveshana: Wicked thoughts in mind and enmity with others. honoured by king or government. wicked.
be posited in 5th house. thin and lean. If Mercury be associated with or aspected by malefics. unsteady but very intelligent. Agama: Famous all over the country for good qualities. be posited in Ascendant or 9th house. the native would be fortunate. itches herpes. Gamana: Gets happiness from the king or government. would be opulent. If Mercury be posited in 7th or 8th house. Agama: Receives love and affection from others. very rich. the native would be stupid. devotee of God Vishnu. unlimited wealth. loss of wealth. Netrapani: If Mercury. it would be very auspicious for the native. Bhojana: Quarrelsome. Kautuka: King of kings. sympathetic. the native would be issueless. kindly. If Mercury be posited in a house other than Ascendant. Nrityalipsa: Would be able to understand the true nature of Brahman. destroyer of wicked people. wealthy but of perverted mind. Gamana: Blessed with many friends. sinful. Nidra: Perverted. children and wealth. while in this Avastha be in its sign of exaltation. wealthy and fond of all kinds of luxuries. troubled. conquest over enemies with great effort. while in this Avastha. Bhojan: Sinful. unhappiness. Kautuka: If Mercury. would suffer on account of enemies. He would also be fond of prostitutes. Aagama: Evil minded. Gamana: Quarrels. It would not be so in the Krishna Paksha (dark half). the native would become the chief official of the town. the native would seek pleasure from prostitutes. Nidra: Poor. Prakasha: The native would become a king if Mars in this Avastha be in a house other than the 5th and be associated with Jupiter. Netrapani-If Mars be in a house other than Ascendant and be in this Avastha. learned. poor. Netrapani: Sickly. father of twins. Aagama: Famous. the native would get all round happiness. Venus . clean hearted and happy. Kautuka: Respected by brothers and relations.the birth be in Shukla Paksha (bright half). Bhojana: Fond of sweets. Sabha: If Mercury. many brothers. Upaveshana: If Mercury. Jupiter Shayana: Fair complexion. impure. always inclined towards sensual pleasures. mischievously inclined. Agama: Wealthy and builder of beautiful houses. hot-tempered. Prakasha: Lord. happy. the 5th and the 12th house. red eyes. while in this Avastha. would be punished by the king (government). Nrityalipsa: Happy in every respect. etc. wealthy. the native would be poor. not charitably inclined. troubles. fear of enemies. while in this Avastha. would have ulcers or wounds. Nidra: Would command honour and respect if Moon be associated with Jupiter. addicted to women of the prohibited class. poor. would enjoy all happiness. proud. children and wealth. Upaveshana: Talkative. Sabha: Honoured and wealthy. fear. brilliant. clever. It would not be so if Moon be with Rahu. very wealthy. Aasthanee (Sabha): The native would indulge in sinful acts if Mars in this Avastha be in 9th. fond of sweet things. be posited in its friendly or exaltation sign. Mercury Shayana: Crippled. very learned eager. Kautuka: Blessed by friends. Aagama: Like a king. Upaveshana: Sinful. women etc. sickly. Nrityalipsa: All happiness. Mars Shayana: The native suffers from skin diseases like ring worm. His cherished desires would be fulfilled if it be posited in other houses. honoured many relations dependents and servants. Prakasha: Passionate.
wealthy. sickly. Kautuka: Thief has illicit relations with other women. sickly in first portion of life and happy in the latter portion. Rahu Shayana: While being posited in Taurus. Upaveshana: The native would be penniless though favoured by the king or government. Aagama: Differences with relations fall from high position as a result of some conspiracy by enemies. clever. and would be happy. good children. wealthy but miserly. sickly. the native would be deprived of his eye sight. children and wealth. Aries or Virgo. suffers from tuberculosis. 7th or 6th house. brilliant. if Rahu be in Shayanavastha. intelligent. Saturn Shayana: Suffers from hunger and thirst. has good knowledge of arts. Nidra: Would become a great personage of all tastes. Agama: Bereft of children. . destroyer of enemy. conquest over enemies famed for his good qualities. very patient and satisfied. Aagama: Benefit of wife. honoured by the king or government. belongs to low caste. bereft of enjoyment. intelligent. dumb and deaf. Nrityalipsa: Eye-trouble and danger from enemies. would suffer from eye trouble. Sabha: Like a king. sickly. Gemini. Bhojan: would get richly flavoured meals. Prakasha: The native would become a great man if Venus be posited in its own. sympathetic. Aagama-Sickly. rogue. capable. capable of enjoying several merits in them. Upaveshana: Proud. Nrityalipsa: Wealthy. Gamana: Wealthy. Bhojan: -suffers from hunger. Prakasha: Devotee of Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva. enemies. dark in appearance. Bhojana: Suffers from hunger and separation from his family members. good qualities. exaltation or a friendly sign. happy. loss of wealth. like a king. good qualities. happiness from relations. Author’s Note The latter half of this Chapter V describes the effects of planets in certain Avasthas as a result of the o o following the planets occupying particular houses Aspect received by them from other planets in a birth chart. Agama: Does not receive affection or love. rogues. Nidra: defamed. Nidra: Good wife and children Ketu The effects of Ketu in different Avasthas would be the same as those of Rahu. Upaveshana: Respected by government. Sabha: Learned. happy. Gamana: Native would act against the wishes of his mother and suffer from diseases. idiot. respected. gets imprisonment as a result of wrath of government. Netrapani: While in this Avastha if Venus be in 10th. angry temperament. serpents. hard working. lucky. Gamana: -Happy. owns lands. wealthy. wealthy. enemy and diseases.Shayana: Dental troubles. Those interested in further research are advised to go through this Chapter in detail. happy. Kautuka: becomes an important person. eye trouble. wise. dishonored. Rahu’s position in other signs would bring about unfavourable results for the native. Prakasha: Famous. the native would be wealthy. Netrapani: Very wealthy. would be roaming about alone. charitable. Sabha: Wealthy. Nrityalipsa: Intelligent. Kautuka: Would have the pleasure of enjoying dance and music by young beautiful girls. Netrapani: Fear from thieves.