Poverty in Saint Paul

What the data tell us

In Saint Paul
Over

67,000 24% 25,000
that is and includes

people live in poverty

of the population

children

Source: 2011 American Community Survey

www.mncompass.org

Poverty in the region

Minnesota
Number Proportion of total population (Poverty rate) 622,000

Twin Cities
326,000

Saint Paul
67,000

12%

12%

24%

Source: 2011 American Community Survey

www.mncompass.org

67,000 in poverty in Saint Paul
Would fill up Xcel Energy Center ____ times

www.mncompass.org

67,000 in poverty in Saint Paul
Would fill up Xcel Energy Center ____ times

4

www.mncompass.org

What do we mean by “poverty”?

www.mncompass.org

What do we mean by “poverty”?

Not Enough
www.mncompass.org

Poverty Thresholds, 2010

Size of family unit

Weighted average thresholds

One person (unrelated individual)....... Under 65 years.............................. 65 years and over........................... Two people...................................... Householder under 65 years........... Householder 65 years and over........ Three people.................................... Four people..................................... Five people...................................... Six people........................................ Seven people................................... Eight people.................................... Nine people or more..........................

$ 11,139 $ 11,344 $ 10,458 $ 14,218 $ 14,676 $ 13,194 $ 17,374 $ 22,314 $ 26,439 $ 29,897 $ 34,009 $ 37,934 $ 45,220
www.mncompass.org

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Poverty Thresholds, 2010

One person………

about $11,000

Four people……..

about $23,000

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

www.mncompass.org

People are struggling all along the lower end of the income continuum
People living below poverty thresholds
Saint Paul, 2010 42% 31% 36% 99,000

45%
124,000

116,000

24% 67,000
10% 30,000

86,000

50%

100%

125%

150%

185%

200%

Income below multiples of the poverty threshold
Source: Wilder Research analysis of 2010 American Community Survey data
www.mncompass.org

Saint Paul is beautiful

…but the trends in poverty are not
24% 17% 13% 10%

Saint Paul
U.S. Minnesota
1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997

16% 12% 8%

15% 12%

1989

1990

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Source: Wilder Research analysis of 2010 American Community Survey data

www.mncompass.org

2010

Poverty rates are highest among
0% 0% 0%

1. Children (0-17) 2. Working-age adults (18-64) 3. Older adults (65+)

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Poverty rates are highest among children
Saint Paul
36% 21%

17%

Children (0-17)

Working-age (18-64)

Older adults (65+)

Source: Wilder Research analysis of 2010 American Community Survey data

www.mncompass.org

Poverty rates are especially high for children in Saint Paul
Minnesota
Saint Paul

15%

36%

Source: Wilder Research analysis of 2010 American Community Survey data

www.mncompass.org

K-12 Students can qualify for Free or Reduced Price Lunch if their family income is up to 185% of the Poverty Level.

How many students attending the Saint Paul Public Schools qualify?
0% 0% 0% 0%

1. 2. 3. 4.

About 25% About 50% About 75% Nearly 100%

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Students eligible for Free or Reduced Price Lunch (up to 185% of poverty)
Minnesota
Saint Paul Public Schools

37% 72%

Source: Wilder Research analysis of MN Department of Education data

www.mncompass.org

Single parents can provide just as well for their kids as two-parent families
0% 0%

1. True 2. False

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TRUE, single parents can provide
economically stable households FALSE, single parents are much more likely to be in poverty

www.mncompass.org

Poverty rates in Saint Paul by household type
Couple with no kids Couple with kids (0-17) Person lives alone Male single parent with kids Female single parent with kids Other household type 18% 5% 17% 23% 35% 46%

Source: Wilder Research analysis of 2010 American Community Survey data

www.mncompass.org

In terms of race, ethnicity, and immigration, Saint Paul is the most diverse city in Minnesota
0% 0%

1. True 2. False

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Saint Paul is among the state’s most diverse cities
City
1 2 Brooklyn Center Brooklyn Park

Percent Of Color
54% 50% 1 2 3

City
Brooklyn Center Brooklyn Park Richfield

Percent Foreign Born
23% 21% 19%

3 St. Paul
4 5 6 7 8 9 Minneapolis Richfield New Hope Fridley Maplewood Burnsville

44%
40% 37% 29% 28% 27% 26% 26%

4
5 6 7 8 9 10

St. Paul
Shakopee Eden Prairie Minneapolis New Hope Chaska Burnsville

17%
16% 15% 15% 14% 12% 12%

10 Shakopee

Poverty rates by race
11% White (non-Hispanic) 8% 13% U.S.

Minnesota
Saint Paul 24%

Of Color

27%
38%

Source: Wilder Research analysis of 2010 American Community Survey data

www.mncompass.org

Poverty rates vary by race and ethnicity in Saint Paul
American Indian 48%

African American

41%

Asian

39%

Hispanic

29%

White (non-Hispanic)

11%

Source: Wilder Research analysis of 2008-2010 American Community Survey data

www.mncompass.org

Immigrants are more likely to be in poverty
Poverty rate in St. Paul

Foreign born

35%

U.S. born

20%

Source: Wilder Research analysis of 2008-2010 American Community Survey data

www.mncompass.org

The best anti-poverty program is a good job
0% 0%

1. True 2. False

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Poverty is rare among Saint Paul residents with full-time year-round jobs
Saint Paul
Poverty rate by work experience, 2010 39% 25%

2%
Full time, year round Part-time or part-year Did not work in past 12 months

Source: Wilder Research analysis of 2010 American Community Survey data

www.mncompass.org

Poverty and low income are associated with which of these outcomes?
0% 0% 0% 0%

1. 2. 3. 4.

K-12 proficiency in reading and math On-time high school graduation Life expectancy All of the above
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Poverty and low income have real consequences
Minnesota's educational gaps by level of income
3rd grade students 8th grade students 11th grade students meeting or exceeding Highly engaged in meeting or exceeding meeting or exceeding High school students enrichment activities graduating on time reading standards math standards math standards Adults with at least a bachelor's degree

90%
23 point gap

86% 70%
16 point gap

73%
31 point gap

67%

28 point gap

54%

58%
52%

42%
31 point gap

35%
23 point gap

21%
 Proportion of higher-income residents  Proportion of lower-income residents

12%

www.mncompass.org

Life expectancy is higher in areas where poverty rate is lower
Twin Cities 7-county region
79.4

76.1 73.6

80.8

82.0

79.4

Highest poverty (20% +)

Higher poverty (10-19.9%)

Middle poverty (4-9.99%)

Lower poverty (2-3.99%)

Lowest poverty (0.8-1.99%)

Note: Life expectancy by ZIP code 1998-2002, Poverty rate by ZIP code, 2000

Wilder Research / Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Minnesota Foundation, Unequal Distribution of Health (2010).

In Saint Paul
Over

67,000 24% 25,000
_____________________

people live in poverty

that is

_____________

of the population

and includes

_____________________

children

Source: 2010 American Community Survey

www.mncompass.org

In Saint Paul
Over

67,000 24% 25,000
that is and includes

people live in poverty

of the population

children

Source: 2011 American Community Survey

www.mncompass.org

Now that I have seen the numbers, I want to see more about…
0% 0% 0% 0%

1. What poverty means for individuals in our community 2. What the Wilder Foundation and its partners are doing to address poverty 3. What I can do to help 4. All of the above

10

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