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TEST 4 - SOLUTIONS

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1. [ 5 Marks] Find the absolute maximum value and the absolute minimum value of the 5 function f (x) = 2 on the interval [−1, 2]. x +1 Solution: The domain of f is the set of all real numbers. 10x = 0 when x = 0. Since + 1)2 the derivative is deﬁned for all real x (the denominator is never zero), the function has one critical number x = 0, which belongs to the interval [−1, 2]. f (x) = (5(x2 + 1)−1 ) = −5(x2 + 1)−2 (x2 + 1) = − ( x2 It remains to compare the value of f at the endpoints of the interval [−1, 2] and at the critical number: f (−1) = 5/2, f (2) = 1, f (0) = 5. Thus, the absolute maximum value is f (0) = 5 and the absolute minimum value is f (2) = 1. 2. [4 Marks] Find all the inﬂection points of the function f (x) = x3 − 3x2 + x + 1. (Give both the x- and the y -coordinates.) Solution: The domain of f is the set of all real numbers. f (x) = 3x2 − 6x + 1, /f (x) = 6x − 6 = 0 when x = 1. Since f is changing its sign as the graph is traversed from left to right across x = 1, then (1, f (1)) = (1, 0) is an inﬂection point of the graph of f .

3. [ 19 Marks] Consider the function f (x) = [1] (a) Find the domain of f .

x . x−2

[3] (b) Find the horizontal and the vertical asymptotes of the graph of f , if any. [6] (c) Determine the intervals where f is increasing and where f is decreasing. Find the relative extrema, if any. [4] (d) Determine the intervals where f is concave up and where f is concave down. [1] (e) Find the inﬂection points of f , if any. [2] (f ) Show that there is an x-intercept in the interval [−2, 1]. (Hint: use the Intermediate Value Theorem). [2] (g) Sketch the graph of f . Mark all the points you found in parts (a) - (f). Solution: (a) Domain{f } = (−∞, 2) (2, ∞).

Then the total number of club members is (80 + x). x→∞ x→−∞ x→2+ lim f (x) = ∞. Since the values of the function have the opposite 2 sign at the endpoints of the interval. . Solution: Let x be the number of additional members. Determine how many members will result in a maximum revenue for the club. Since f < 0 for all x in the domain. f ” < 0 when x < 2. and the new price for the membership is p(x) = 160 − 1 · x = 160 − x (dollars). 1 (f ) f (−2) = > 0. so y = 1 is a horizontal asymptote. so the graph is concave up (x − 2)4 (x − 2)3 (CU) for x ∈ (2. 2 (x − 2) (x − 2)2 the function is decreasing for all such x. then the price is reduced by $1 for each additional person. the price is $160 per person per year. Find the optimal price of membership. therefore the graph of f has no inﬂection points. f (1) = −1 < 0. f ” > 0 when x > 2. If more people join. x→2− lim f (x) = −∞. 2). there are no relative extrema. (d) f ” = (e) f ” = 0. (c) f (x) = 4(x − 2) 4 = . so the graph is concave down (CD) for x ∈ (−∞. [ 12 Marks] If exactly 80 people buy a yoga club membership.(b) lim f (x) = 1 = lim f (x). Since f (x) is never 0. so x = 2 is a vertical asymptote. 1 · (x − 2) − x · 1 2 =− . 25 20 15 10 5 01 −5 −10 −15 −20 −5 −4 −3 −2 −1 0 1 2 3 4 5 x y x Figure 1: f (x) = x−2 4. ∞). then there must be at least one number x in the interval where f (x) = 0.

⇒ x = 40. so the maximum revenue is obtained when the club has 40 extra members signed up. R(160) = 0. R(x) = (80 + x)(160 − x) = 12. 400. Compute the ﬁrst derivative of R(x) and ﬁnd all the critical numbers in the domain. Thus. the revenue of the club to be maximized is given by the product of the number of members and the price of membership. the largest value is R(40) = 12. that is. R(40) = 14. Since we have to ﬁnd the absolute maximum of R(x) on the closed interval [0. Thus. the restriction 160 − x ≥ 0 requires x ≤ 160. 800 + 80x − x2 . The critical number x = 40 is in the domain. Since the price p(x) = 160 − x must be a nonnegative number. Then the optimal price of membership is p = 80 + 40 = 120 dollars. 800. . R (x) = 80 − 2x = 0 when 2x = 80. 800. x ≥ 0.Thus. as x denotes the number of additional members of the club. Also. we compute R(0) = 12. 160]. we have to maximize P (x) over the domain 0 ≤ x ≤ 160.

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