5AlUTHHA. ITpUJIITIIII<l. CB. 9-10. 1998--1999.

YJ(K 880.1.082-1
Joeau jJEJIJ171
nOE3HJA nPAillTAILA H MHJIOCP'BA
Ilpaurran,e II MIIJIOcpl)e cy uoxrunarrrna ocjchan.a II H01\IIInaIITlIa 'rexra IlITOcc
npOBJIa'II1 KpO:5 CBC cjxl3e II CBe BIX'TC noesnjc L!.ecaIIKe MaKCJI1\fOBIIh. 11;(ea]l
IJ(lTPIIOTCKC njecsre :5'1 Ilecaukv MaKCII1\fOBUB jccre uC:5I'pemIla njccua. a (iuiiu:
tiJllIZ II iipeu Y iipauuiiau,y cy OCIIOBlia nporpancxa njecIIIPIKa nauc.na 're IIOC:5l1jC.
Ilpaurran,e, UJIarOCT II MIIJIOcpl)C npoacmrajy IUITJI1\IHY nnprrxy Ilecanxe
MaKCII1\IOBIIB. ,UIII II njCC1\Ie y KOjUM<1 ce BO)J,ll nnjanor C uorcmlu,la. ITjcClIlIKlIIha
IIOKc13yje 1\IIIJfOcpl)e npcxrn cnprHYTII1\I crapOCJIOBCHCKJI1\I 60rOnIIMa. a crapn
6oroBII cy CKJIOIIII npaurrnn.y. Kynrypa jc naxrhen.e II njccnnx HCMa npano na
:5a60paB naraHCKIIX Gorona. IljecIHIK U Llap, 0AlIOCIIO UapcKII 3aKoH. raxohc
)J,IIjaJIOr 0 MIIJIOCTn II npaurrau.y. MIIJIOCT jc neh y 3aKoIIy. a 3aKoII
cnpcuana Xaoc II YClIoCTaBJha Pen. ITjecIIIIK. MCl)yTlIM. Tpa)KJ[ nehy MIlJlOCr on ouc
xojy 3aKoII nonyurru.
Kn.y-tne puje-ut: Ilecanxa MaKcIl1\fOBIIB. npanrran,e. MIIJIOcp1)e. xraprnprrj, IICl-
'rpnorcxa nocsuja
GBO WTO je II3Y3CTHO H epacu,HHaHTHO y 0l1aBHO nch KyJITHOj njcCJ\HI
)J,ccaHKC MaKClfMOBlIft Kpeaea tiajtca' jecre 0ACYCTBO ncrarnunor
ocjehan.a: MP)KH>C II rn.ena npcxra I)CnClTHMCl. npcxra
nenpnjarcn.y KOjlI jc ClfCTCMaTCKII sarupao njeuy II OMJlaI1HHy. UUjCJILl
njecna jc 0 Ii crpananmmana, 0 0
i\GlaJJ:IIM. HCBHHIIM xry-renauaxra If cncunxra. Ilpyru CC 'ry HH HC
Ilpyru 6n Ty HaTpyHIIJIH II rropyunrrrn 6ajKOJIIIKO-CJICnPJi:lH TOH onor
canpexrenor xraprapaja. Kao na jc II HCBHHOCT crpaJ(aJIHIIKa -
I )1,. MaKcIIMoBIIB, Ca/ipane iiecue, Kn.nra npyra, HOJIIIT, Eeorpan 1LJ88. 173. -
Om HaBOJl,1I y OBOM pap;y cy npcxra OBOM 1I3HaIhY. Y naJI,eM TCKcry: C. IT.. Y3 nonrrrax 0
YKOjOj ce njecsra rrojanuna. - ..Kpaasa 6ajKa" cc nojannna y I(JlKJIycy ..IlCC1\IC 0
porrcrny II CJIo60HlC y DeC/IlI!( II saeu-ui], Tlpocne'ra. Eeorpan 1960.
34
JOBaH ,D,CJIun
njeue - MOpaJIa nparirrn II HCBlIHOCT njccnuuxax ocjchan,a. onCyCTBO
cnaxora 3J1a M neraruanor narioja. Kao na jc aanarax narpuorcxe njecste
na 6y,lJ,c canpnrcuo 6C3rpCIlJHa, CBeTa, 1I3BaH cnaxor 3J1a. Y TOMC je jeuaa
OJ{ OC06CHOCTU najriori,e naTpUOTCKC noeanje Ilecanxe MaKCMMOBHft,
H,CHO npno 11 najnaacnajc CBOjCTBO: 6UTll 6JIar, npnstaha CC
CBCTOCTII, 6UTll CJI060naH on 3J1a, 611TU cnpexiau na npaurran.e.
To jc nocrano II ,lJ,MO njcCHMlIKOr nporpaxra Ilecanxe MaKcHMoBIIh,
IhCHO npBO II OCHOBHO IlOCTIPIKO Ha"lICJIO Kana jc 0 narpno-rcxoj rroesnju
pnje-r. 0130 nOCTM1IKO na-reno je IIOCTaJIO TCMa glmjy njccaxta: Ilpeu oau
CJ1060()t! II Tlaiiipuoiiictcu pasioeop ca Cptiuua?
Tljccxia Ilpeu (Jail cnotioae unje on Haj6on:JIIX njecaxra Ilecanxe
MaKCIIMOBllh, arm je nparonjena npu npoy-ranan.y H.>CHC IIOCTHKC. To je
lIOJW)J(a rtjccxia IHC3gCCCT U 1'pll crnxa pacnopehena y neacr crporpa.
Hcnjenana jc y npyrou JIUu,y KOjUM CC JIUpCKll cyrijexar - HCJI\lCHOBaHI1
)KCHCKH rnac - HH30M JIllpCKHX anena ofipaha lIjCCHHKY, 6opu,y TCK
np11cnjCJIOM 113 para, na npsa nan cnorione. Y TOM )KCHCKOM rnacy KHlITC
"pC"lIll HC)J(HC" UITO C lIjCCHllKOBHM "pa3yMoM CC 60pc". Te fuC)KHC pnjeua
cy rnac 6narOCHI H npanrran.a; rnac jennor njecnu-rxor nporpaxra.
)KCHCKH rnac anerryje na njecnaxa paTHHKa na 6YlJ:c onpesan Kana ronopa
o 3JIY,
jcp fuY,lJ,CKOMC CC cpuy HC lIpUC'I'OjH
na ueny xyny neacxasanor jana
6JIHCKOM lJOBCKy aa cpue aspy-rn.
He nocrojn noesuja 3aTO na crporo Cy,lJ,H 0 JI,YlJ:UMa - sa TO cy
uapena H - seh na H rrOKpC'I'OM H nOrJIC,lJ,OM, H rJIaCOM
,lJ,OHOCUfuE)KHOC'I' H 6JIaroc'I':
HCKa CBaK npyrn crporo Cy,lJ,H,
'I'H rasa cnyna xao npexo pane,
IIorJICAOM csera 'I'H CC 6JIaro TMlIH,
xao UITO CC 60JICCHOr 'I'I1lIC "lIOBCK CHHa
(oo .)
TH 6JIar 6y,lJ,H
2 C. n., II, 216.
.1 C. Tl., 11, 218. - 06je njecae cy 83 IICTor IICTe 36lIpKe xao II .Kpsana
fiajxa".
Iloesnja npanrran,a H MlIJIOCpl)a
( ... )
Tn rreCHMK CU, U OJIar 6yJJ,H.
35
)KCHCKH rnac Tpm-KH MHJIOCT H Gnarocr - Tpa)KlI IIOMHJHmalhC 3a
OHC KOjC je Tyi)HH 3aBCo M xojuxra je rrpnnx J ~ a H a cnotioue npajcruna
Ka3Ha; aa one KOjM nnjccy HMaJIII gOBOJbHO xparipocrn JIJIII cy
npMXBaTJIJIII Tyi)IHICKII MIITO, jep Tyi)HH je, xao 3apa3HJ1 60JIeCHlIK, "CUJIao
Ky)KHC KJJJ1IJ,C no CBaKOM xpajy", rra
MHorH II MHOrIl cy JIJYrln orytianu
rrcnmm xao I 1 T 1 1 I ~ C
11ITO rJIaJJ,HC OTpOBHO npoco n0306Jhy.
Y sasprnuoj crpotpn njecnnxon "rJlac UlTO yucx pexce: jc
MCK xao JVlaH »cene
Karl MJIJIYJC y orrpaIlITaHJY·
Brrarocr, MCKOft.a, rrpaurran,e cy - sa Ilecarrxy MaKCIlMOImft. -
ayren-rn-nro njcCHJ1KOBO cnojcrno 11 y CypOBHM BpCMCHIIMa.
H HapCJJ,Ha nporpancxa njecsra jc y 3HaKy JIJlpCKOr arrerra. Y
Tltuiipuoiiictcou P([.32060PY ca Cp6U.11l1 ce He nyje APyrJI rnac, rrrac Cpoa.
nch casro rnac )KCHC rrjCCHJIKJIH:>C, L'1aC KOjJI JIM ce otipaha. Oryna jc II
OB,u,jC JJ,OMJIHaHTHO npyro m'IIJ,C. Tlpnn CTI1X TC njecxre rrracn:
Cp61I, 6yJJ,IIMO npBII y rrpaurran.y.
A OHAa cc OH y rrpCOCTaJlIIX mCCT CTJIXOBa rrpnc crporpe yTCMCJIJyje
H 06pa3JIa)KC nopcben.ev BCJIIFIHHe npaurran,a C BCJIWIlIHOl\[ 60p6c II
CaMOnO)KpTBOBafua y 6op611:
HCTO TOJIJ1KO Jle)KII Be,,'1WIIIHC
y pCtIH onpourrajnoj
IlITO 3a3BOHl1 na ycnaxia jynaxa,
KOJlJIKO Ma y KOjOj 6op6n cjajnoj,
Ma y KOjOj on 6HTaKa
rne ce jyHalIKII rnne.
36
Jonan J],CJIUTI
OHOMC KO.1e 113 paTa mautao xao H3()oplnmIlI CJIOOony,
npUJlWl11 na cc Y xrnpy Y3nlDKe na HajBIfluIIM BpIIjCl-(HOCTIIMa cnooone l1
na ce na cuora cynapormnka (a onnjc .1c Y I111TaH)Y cnucrnoxa
Y KO.1Oj nojennnan osnauasa "lIlITaB napon) ancrryje:
Tn npua Y
lHIHI1
na ce KaA<C
na JC A<IIBOT nocrao
ITPBIl 110M03ll na ce aansope npara
raxumna II xasaxrara,
canecrn 6YJ'y JhYAHt\la jennac crpaxce.
TIpM xpajy rrrac njccmnorn.c CBOjy nosnnnjy: OHa ce He
oripaha CBO.1IIM cynaponanuana ,.Kao nCCHllK MJIll A<CHa", neb "Kao
Cp6IIH". Iben JIIIPCKH anCJI XOft.C na rnac II3 yCTa unjcnor HapoHa, ca
lI.y6I1HC HapO,D;HOr, KOJleKTIInnOr, HCKycTBa H nanhen,a: jynanrrso je
6llJIO ,D;OCerHyTo; 'rperiano je 6JIaromft.y, rrpaurrau.cv It MHJ10Cpi)CI\1
nocernyrn "IIO.1CTB<Y':
He rOBOpI1MBaM OBaKO xao nCCHI1K I1JIM )KCHa,
xao Cp6IIH ca nava paaroaapaxr.
MI1 6I1J1ll C1\1O yBCK xn.ara o'mopena
HI1 sa xora HIICMO HMaJIl1 MHCJIl1 CKpHTC.
Ko nyurxy nenepny nOCJIC 60.1a
BH3JIOnaMft.el-LC rrpexo KOJIeHa nperiare,
BIl MpA<H)y Y cpue He saxonauajre
xao y ,D;06a poncrna opyxcja acnon nparona.
YIIHHIlJ1ll CTejyuanrrnov na ,D;YlllMaHHH KJICKHe.
Cp6M, nOM03IlMO na ce cana pexne
na y cnery jour liMa JbYAIl JI,YACKora KOBa.
TeK OCJI060i)Cl-LCM cpua OA anonauhen,a II Mp)KIbe l.IOHjCK nocexce
HAcaJI JbYACKOCTI1, a raj je I1AeaJI 33 Ilccanxy MaKcI1MoBI1ft. HC3aMHCJIHB I1
6C3 npaurran,a. Taj HACaJI yjennn.yje rpanmmjy BHTClIlTBa HaITIC cnCKC
CTI1KC (xrana nama CnI1Ka naMTI1 11 6pOjHC srpa-nre upavijepe). rpanauajy
l.Il1jl1 je najjennocraunajn I1 HajH3pa3IlTHjH npaxijep caxr Mapxo MHJba-
HOB, C XplllIIft.aHCKOM npanOCJIanHOM rpanauajoa. Iloceha .,l.JojCTIm",
6HTH H OCTaTIl "JbYAH n.yncxora KOBa" - TO nnje caxio eTWIKlf, ach II
naTpIlOTCKH nnean sa namy njecHIIKHIbY.
Ilocanja npaurran.a II snr.nocpha
37
npanrran,c, 6JlarOCT 11 xrnnocphc unjecy caxro nplIBJIJICrUJa
naTpllOTCKIIX njecaxia, neh npozcuxiajy ujcnoxyuuy noesnjy ,UccaHKC
MaKCMMOBHft. y CBUM H)cmHvl cPa3al\la. na H y CBB!'.! l-bCHIIl\l TCl\laTCKHM
Y nporpaxrcxo-ncnosnjcnaoj UjCCMI1 MOJlHTBCHOr HaC;IOBa
Bepvjeu' - CaCTaBJhCHoj 113 yBOp,HC npO:31IC B cenaxinaecr
CTI1XOBa YKOMIlOHOBaHHX y UjCJHIHy ua rrpunuauuxia uonann.an,a (xao
anadiopa CC nOCJhCp,HO nonaan.a rnarorr eepvjeu C npC)])lOrOM Y).
naripajaa,a (nafipaja CC CC/laMHaCCT 06jCK3T3 11 npajcnnoc'ra y xoje
njccnnx njepyjc) Ii ClIHTaKClPIKor rrapancrnraxra + npcnrror +
oojexar) - H3Jla3I1MO xao necern onaj CTlfX:
nepyjev y npanrran.a.
He caxio na npaurran,c nnje HeIllTO H3Hyl)eHo. pe.reuo pena paHH
IUHI H3 ocjehan,a p,y)KHOCTH, neh je IIOBC3aHO C panoruhy. Panocr
npaurran,a je, naxne, jernra on OHlfX Y KOjC njecanxau,a
HajIflITHIvIHlIje njepyje 11 sa -ruje oCTBapCH>C rroanua cnojuxr 6pojmnr
JlIIPCKIIMII03IIBI1Ma.
TOH r-.-nmocpl)a II 6,narocTH Ha,na3UMO neh y pauoj njecxm Ha 6YPlr'
rnje njecHHKIIH)a CaMHJlOCHO ocjeha na joj je pOJ(
Ta.1 l.IOBeK IIJlII 60p
urro CBy ne-rep 6mny rpoxra
CTO.1II II rrrena y HaIlI nsop.
Y IIHTIIMHOj njecxru Kneiiiea U MOJlltiI16d' njenojxa CC oripaha Eory
na .1oj yCJ1IIIIIlI "MH,nocTHBe KJlCTBC" 11 na joj BpaT11 nparora KOjU jy jc
nanycrno. OCBeTa OCTaBJhCHC npare HHjC sna, Ben MCKa:
OCBCTa xroja 6IIhe xrexa,
jep CpIJ,C Moje ra l.ICKa
If nan.y II nohy 6C3 npoxrene.
C. 11.• II. 102. - OBO je sanpunra njecsra npnora ..11POtIl1T(lIlO ca
Y geTHlhCTBY" Y 3apo(iJIJt'Hli/( cuoea, Haponna xn.nra. IJ,cTIIlhe 1960_
5 C. 11., I. 70. -Tljccua je II3 rpeher IVIKJlyca (..JlIIpCKC oasc") 36IIpKC Ilecsie, c. 1;.
Llsnjanonaha, Beorpan 1924.
h C. 11.. I, 185. - Iljecua je rrs npnor UCTOIIMClIor ca 3unpKoM Geneuu
Ii/IIT/ea, U3H,UhC uaconnca Macao, Beorpan 1930.
38
.ToBaH HCJIuh
Y njecxnr )J{eHC/ Ha}Ia311MO crnx xojn 011 xrorao crajara xao 3a-
IIlTHTHn 3HaK ujenoxynne noeaaje ,UccaHKC Maacnnosnh:
Cpue MIl je MIIJIOCTII 113BOp.
11 y noannjaxr njecsrasra OBe njcCHJ1KIUhC Hahn hexro CTI1XOBC xojn
no-rapasajy 3aHOC r-.mJIocpl)a, II TO nax njermser-, xao UITO Ka)J(C onaj CTHX
113 njecue Ha iinauuuu/'
3HaK MluIOcpl)a 11 rrpaurran.a je y Tyl)e necpche,
cnOCOOHOCT pasysrajeuan,a rybax 11 onjcnan,e THX na ru.u In
ncpcnCKTHBC naTHI1Ka 11 uecpehmnca. ,UOBOJLHO je caxro HaBCCTI1 HaCnOI3C
njecaxra: Haiiyuiiiiena oeeojua,' Flecua 0 uaiiyuuiienou oeiiieiuy," )Kella
«oja ce upooaje," OCYgellUKoB iiocneou.u uac. II 13 Ilo.ayoe.ut
eosap iiieruca," JIyilULU.!\. tcpos Caxapy" 11 MOliOJW2 posonapanoi."
TIpl1pOJJ:HO je lIITO he npaurran,e 11 Ml1JIOcpl)e 6UTU Te!\IaT1I30BaHI1 II
y njecxraxia y xojasia ce B0Jl:U JIHpCKl1 nnjanor C 60rOBl1Ma, a nocefiao y
njecsraxra y xojmra CC rrpcncmrryjc QUCTOTa COIICTBelIOr cpna. Taxo
nnpcxn cyrijexar y njecun Tnac uohu" rrperroanaje rnac ropa KaKO
npajc'rchaxr IIl1T3fbIlMa onoxran.e. Ul1jCJIa TplI U TIO xarpcna npnrranajy
mrrair.axia Tora rnaca, a CBaKO 0Jl: TUX rnrran,a ynyhyje na TIHCTOTy II
JJ:06pOTynyure. I13JJ:BajaM caxro Tpehy crporpy:
JCCIl JIHyrexy ,a:eJIUJIa .'1>y,a:mvIa
xao TIHCTy CBCTy
7 C. IT., 11,71. - Ilectuuc u saeu-utj, Flpocaera, Beorpan 1946.
x C. IL Ill, 63. - Mupuc ae.HJ1Je, Ilpocnera. Beorpan 1955.
'J C. IT., II, 108.
H}Hero, 110.
II Hero, 113.
12 Hero, 115.
1.1 Hero, 118.
14 Heio, 120.
I'> Hero, 122.
16 Hero, 123. - CBC OBC njecsre (6UJI>ClIIKC 9-16) npnnanajy ..ITYTHlIK TPC-
he KJIaCC" II3 36IIpKC Ilecuutc u saeuua], Hpocsera, Eeorpan 1946.
17 C. IT., I, 216. - Genenu «uiiies. Beorpan 1930.
IToC3I1ja npanrrau.a II Ml!.1lOcpl:)a
JeCH JUI yBCK na rpynaxra
CclBCCTH HOCIVla Boroponuuy?
39
Iljecxra Tlouuny], EOJKe/
8
seh HaCJIOBOM cyrepnpa I\[CmHTBCHH
.urryprajcxi; TOH, oripahan,c Tocnony sa MHJIOCT H npaurran.e. a njecxra y
np03II 31UlK KpclTlaJ'} jc 0 npu tICMy je 3HaK KpCTa IICTO
lIITO H npaIIITaI-hC. Tljecsra CC, I\lei)YTHM, noerrrupa na JIHjc KpCl'
npaurran.a AOBOJbaH sa cnac nyure:
Moj BCJII1KU 3HaK Kpcra je xan npanrrajyhn MaXHCM PYKOM.
OH MCncsyje aa npnjaren.e U nenpajaren.e, OC3 a.era
6nx OCTaJIa cava nOA CyHU;CM.
OH MCI\mpu ca Hc6oM: 6e3 }hcra OI1 M1I CC nyura npCTBOpUJIa
y BCJIUKy novp-nmy Mp)KI-bC.
I-bl1MC CC KPCTl1l\1 6y.n;dm ce na ropxoxi Y3rJlaBJhY n.yoana.
I-bl1MC hy ce npCKpCTl1TU na nOCJIeAlhCM npary 3eMJbC, II na
npBOM CTCnCHl1KY 06JIaKa. -
Xohe JIHTO611TI1 AOCTa sa MaJIy nyury?
Iljecsra Pa.Jl080p MOl-U1XUfbe c SOlOM:!1I ncnjesana jc rJIaCOM KOjH
AOJIa311 H3 nepcnexrnae xronaxan,e ynyhemnr Tocnony y JIl1pCKOM
Al1jaJIOry CH>l1M, a noerrra joj je y 3HaKy paAOCTl1 npanrran.a:
MeHl1 je CJIaTKO na naTl1M II npanrrasr
axo je TOMl1JIO npaeenaoxr Bory.
DjeCHI1Kl1lha CJIaBl1 nporsehe xao Ml1JIOCPAHOr MJlaAOr Bora (Sol
MHAocpl;a:!/) II natipaja n.erosa Ml1JIOCpAHa njena, Kao na 113a MJIaAOr
Bora Ml1JIOcpi)a npoanpyje CTapOCJIOBeHCKa 60rl1lha Becrra, jep je
Ilecanxa MaKCl1MOBl1h BCJIl1Kl1 npOTl1BHUK aatiopana. Hseuo ysjepen.e je
na je rrpano lIMe nasrheisy xynrypa. 3aTO je njecnax no CJIy)K6eHoj
AY)KHOCTII npOTl1BHl1K safiopana. Ilepyaona rrOTOMU;U He 611 CMjCJIU
aariopaaara Ilcpyna, BOJIoca, Becay, CBeToBII.n;a, )KUBy Hl1 Mopany,
I1aKO cy npl1XBaTl1JIIf Xpncra. aajsnme C n.eroeora crpanan,a II pana,
IX C. n., I, 229.
19 C. Il., I, 311. - T030a HlJ IlUHLU)U, Macao. Beorpan 1932.
20 C. n., I, 363. - HOHe iiecue, CaBpCMeHlIK - CK3, Beorpan 1936.
21 C. Il., 1,408. - HOHe iiecue, CaBpeMeHHK - CK3, Beorpan 1936.
40
.J OH,lII JI,eJIuh
OOOpCHM, CTapOCnOnCHCKII 60roBl1 1'13a3MBajy Ca)KaJhCHJC II Cd1HElOCT. a
XplICTOBO crpanau.e llJ1HjCHlI cpncxe njccnmom.e. OTBopeHO 3a CRC
xojn Tpnc iOtiopenu 6o{'.!). Crapn Gororm cy TlyBapn KynTypHO[
nasrhen.a, HalIIJfX uajcrapnjnx MIlTOBa 11 HaIlIC IlOC3IIjC. fbHM3 CC
njccunxun,a o6paha xao rpCIJIHl1M - jep cy naraHCKII 11 cymnne JhynCKII --
ann IInaK cnCTlIM CBjCCHllM csoje npOJIa3HOCn1 (Ciuapll
6
- "')
W206lr- :
CTapIIM ce Goror3I1},Ia naKIlIC
CIhlH,la JhynCKH rOBOpllTI1 J\1Ory,
peh11I1Mname HO 1301'1',
npnsnar cnaxy OJl, 11 GeJl,a.
CTapH 60[01311 cy. naxnc. OHJIl1 uonjexy 6JIII)Kll, na pyKC. 11
IhllMa ce oripaha ca MaH,C crpaxa II BllIUC carypuocra. 11 casrn yrpOA<CHH
nponaanomhy ("m1Tc IllTO 1'1 IhHM3 nponasnocr npCTI1"), 11 caMll rpclIIHH,
jep cy 11 narancxn, II 1'3 TO ,,11Majy ]1JynCKIIX OCOOI1Ha":
"Bone )1(111301'. 11 n06pa 1311Ha", OHH cy cnpci\<fH11 pa3Yi\mjy
-ronjcxa, na CXBaTC n.yncxe rpexone, na npanrrajyhu rnenajy na n.yne:
Crapa 601'01311, rOTOBO cnu onpcna
CXBaTC naury rpcurxy MI-IOry,
61ma l' nCJIIIMa, una pem, cnory.>-
CBaKI1 H,HX Hac npanrrajyhn rrreua.
BC3a ca crapnsr 60rOBllMa je 3HaK uaMhcfua. 3HaK
KyJITypC, 3HaK norpetie sa YCIIOCraBJbaH,eM KOHTIIHyHTcTa C
nporunourby n uajnan.oxr nyxonnouihy CBOjHX npenaxa. 3aoopaB je
II rpirjcx. KaKO 010 61'30 3aOOpaBIUlI1 crape Gorone, lI'3ry6IIHII ,.CJIyx sa
rrrac BCKoBa", TaKO MO)KeMO H3ryoI'lTII - 1I aeh CMO ry6lUlI1 - ,.Ila\ICT II
nnn". 3aHeMapIfT11 H 113ryoHTII xpaxrone 11 JlaKOMI1CneHO ce '3a
HCKO TpCHyTHO npl1MaMJh1IBO cnoje Hecnero nI1CMO:
3a6opa6
He cchaxro ce cTaplIx 6orcma.
He cehaxro ce KO acme Bonoc, KO
22 C. Tl., Ill, 95. - 3aj)()(j.fhel//lJ( cuoea, HapO,JJ.Uil xn.nra, UCTIIIhC 1900,
2.1 C. Il., V. 281. - Caiau pe-iu, Ymmepaarercxa pnjc-r. HUKIJlUB 1987.
Iloesnja npaurrau.a II MlIJlOCpl)<l
KO6cxy Ilajoor 11 Bccna. 11 unje Hac CTIIg
lIITO HcrgaIIIH,Hx CC HCcehaxro CHOBa.
Y13ry6II.J1H CMO CJIyx sa rnac BCKOBa,
xao UlTO ce II3ry6H naxrer M
HCTO HaMJe xpaxr Mxropcxa
CBOJIIX npenau.a IIC 3HaMOHM cnona.
Hnje Hac nexaja, pauuonytuja CTMA,
rrpeKOpa'IlIJIII CMO )KypHO npar II
II3Mel)y HOBMX 11 crapnx npexrena.
na CMO OHaKBlI KaKB11 HIICMO.
CBaKH MMa CBOjC Hecncro rrncxro.
3BOHMMO y 3BOHa CHOM HCIIJIarrcHa.
24
41
To HI1rrOIIITO He 3Ha'III onpnnan,e on XpI1CTa, a rrorOTOBO HC
J-hcrOBO rropauan.e: CI-bIIM CMO lIOBC3aIUI H.CrOBIIM crpanan.cxr II p3HaM3.
Hscrona MI1JIOCT je MHJIOCT CTpanaJIHlIKa. Iljenajyha 0 HamCM aaoopany
CTapHX 60rona, njccnuxan,a npnronapa CBOMC pony na ry6.u
navhcn.e, cxmcao aa acropnjy II .rpauauajy. na :>KypHO rrpexopanyje
3HAonc H3MCl)y cuoxa; na ryfin csoje xpavose. na - II
MCTOHHMHjCKH - H cnojy xpnurhancxy sjcpy. Bpauehn cjerraJhe na
Flcpyua 11 CBCTOnl1ga, njecmrxnn,a je y HOBHt-.l HC3Ha6o)Ka'IKHM
npCMCHHMa 6paHlwa 11 Xpncra, H cuora 3aIIITHTHHKa CBCTor JJyKy.
Ilaxthen,e 11 og6paHa on sariopaua Hno je nyxomror II xyrrrypnor
MIIJIOcpl)a.
AJIH ony MHT0.T10rnjy npaurrau,a, H srojy narcprtperauajy C
H)OM, xao na H3 TCMeJba pyUIH 3aBpIUHa njecxra ajeponaruo Haj60JhCr
Ilccauxe MaKC11MOBUrr - IjJ([JIClUvt iiouu.aoean.e - ujecxra 0
ilp([ullumhy.
2
'i HaJIa3H ce rra xpajy nnxnyca: H)OMC ce sarnapa JIHpCKI1
nnjanor ca napexr Ilyurauoxi CHJIHHM. lIapcxa jc a nap BCJIII,
na noucrxy n na xpajy njecxre:
Ja HHcaM 60r.
Cairo jc OHxrohan TOJIHKO
C. IL V, 294. - Cajau. pe-ut, YIIlIBCP3IITCTCKa pnje-r, HUKllIlIn
25 C. n.. 111,283. - TPaJICll.1I ilouunoean,«, Maruua cprrcKa, HORn Call: 1964.
42
JOIHIH Ilennh
na npaurra,
(... )
l1Mall:aBJIaA3M rro r-.umOCTl1 60ra,
Hl1CaM Gor na np3111TaM.
Ilorpennro 6M 6l1JIO KaKOje npanrran.e nOrImyJIO MJl,3
je OBa l13Y3eTHa 36MpKa nOTOnl1JIa HaAY y npanrran,e M nOMIIJIOn3H,e.
Ban-a je na:>KJLl1Bl1jc rrpOlIHTaTM, II npo-ryua-nrra rJIaCOB3 y
crpyxrypa a TO je rrpenncr noceriaora ornena, Osnje CC.
Mel)yTl1M, Mopa KOHCTaTOBaTl1 na je rena nonanonan,a. Ml1JIOCTl1 l1
npaurran,a nposy-rena Kp03 nnjeny 36l1pKy.
36l1pKa l1Ma rrogHaCJIOB Jlupctce ouctcycuje c J(Ylllal108l1JW
aaKOllUKOM. IJ,l1KJIYC je, AaKJIe, KOMrrOHOBaH xao Al1jaJIOr TIjeCHl1Ka 11
3aKoHa. 3aKoH je na l1 na xpajy. OH ycnocraan.a Ii saxn.y-ryje
pen; OH je rapaanaja Cl1rypHOCTl1, pena, crpore xapnonaje,
Jl,p:>KaBHe H JIWIHe uapcxe MohH. OH je HcrroTKyIIJbIIB, OC3JIWIaH,
HeyMOJbIiB. 3aKoH je nsnan cancra napa, jep je nap Be3aH 3aKOHOM xojn
je Jl,OHl10. Ml1JIOCT je y saxony, Ma KOJIl1KO 6110 CypOB.
AJIl1 3aTO IIOCTOjl1 npyra, TIjeCHl1KOB rnac, KOjl1 6paHI1 Oil.
CypOBOCTl1 3aKoHa, 'rpaacehn IIOMIIJIOBaH:>e sa CBe na canjery: sa jcpec l1
sa xanyhepa, sa ce6pa l1 n.erony xyhauy KpOI\1TIHpa, 33 nojanxe II
rp06Jh3, aa 6Hllie l1 aa 60rOBe. TIjeCHl1KOB rnac je BpeJIO
Ml1JIOCTl1; HaqeJIO npanrraisa l1paaysrajenan.a; rnac l13 xora TeKy CTl1XOBl1
Kojl1Ma lIO IIJIeMeHl1TOCTl1 - KaKO TO cnojenpexicno pe-te Ml1Xl13 - HeMa
pannax. IJ,l1KJIYC Tpascusc iiouunoean.e seh HaCJIOBOM HelJ;BOCMl1CJIeHO
npeunaapa TIjeCHl1KoBynoaauajy: TOje onopaua npaaa na nosranoaarse II
npanrrarse; TOje uosnnaja cpua K30 spena MllJIOCTl1 l1 paaynajenau,a. Ta
je rr03HlI,IIja 6JIH)KaBory Hero Llapy.
Ilocsuja npanrrau.a II MIIJIOcpl)a
Jovan Delle
POETRY OF FORGIVENESS AND MERCY
43
Forgiveness and mercy are dominant feelings and dominant subject in all the
phases and types of poetry of Desanka Maksirnovic. Ideal of a patriotic poem for
Desanka Maksimovic is a sinless poem, but basic principles of her poetics are to
be kind and to be the first in forgiving. Forgiveness, kindness and mercy imbue
the intimate lyrics of Desanka Maksirnovic, but she created the poems she had
been in dialogue with the Gods. The poetess expresses forgiveness to the
deposed Old Slavonic Gods, but ancient Gods are also well disposed to the
forgiveness. Civilization is memory, so a poet does not have right to forget
pagan Gods. The poetess and the Emperor (his Code) are also in dialogue
about mercy and forgiveness. Mercy already exists in the Code prevents Chaos
and establishes Order. However, the poetess is asking for a greater mercy than
the one permitted by the Code.
Key words: forgiveness, mercy, martyrdom, patriotic poetry

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