THE CANONIZATION OF SAINT CLARE Steps toward the canonization of Saint Clare were begun by Innocent IV on October 18, 1253

, with the Bull "Gloriosus Deus." There is an original manuscript at the Proto-Monastery of Santa Chiara. Other texts of this Bull available are the following:

Armstrong, Regis. J., O.F.M. "The Acts of the Process of Canonization." Clare of Assisi: Early Documents. New York/Mahwah: Paulist Press, 1988. 126-8; Revised and expanded: St. Bonaventure, NY: The Franciscan Institute, 1993: 132-85; Saint Clare of Assisi the Lady. Early Documents. New York: New City Press, 2006:139. "Bolla di canonizzazione di Santa Chiara Vergine." Fonti Francescane. Padova: Messagero di S. Antonio, 1982: 2299-388. Cozza-Luzzi, Giuseppe. "Il codice Magliabechiano della Storia di S. Chiara." Bollettino della Societa Umbria di Storia Patria I, 1895: 424. Fiege, Marianus, O.F.M.Cap. The Princess of Poverty: Saint Clare of Assisi. Evansville: Poor Clare Nuns, 1900. 172-85; Chicago: Franciscan Herald Press, 1989. Omaechevarria, Ignacio, O.F.M. "Bula del Papa Inocencio IV." Escritos de Santa Clara y Documentos Complementarios. Madrid: Biblioteca de Autores Cristianos, 1982: 658. Pothast, A. Registra Pontificum Romanorum inde ab A. post Christus Natum MCXCVIII ad A. MCCCIV. Vol. I (Berlin 1873); vol.2 (Berlin 1875): 15158. Sbaralea, J. H. Bullarium Franciscum Romanum Pontificum. I (Honorius III through Innocent IV: Rome 1759); II (Alexander IV, etc.: Rome 1761) : I, 684-5. Vorreux, Damien, O.F.M. Sainte Claire d'Assise: Documents. Paris: Éditions Franciscaines, 1983: 157-9. Wadding, Luke, O.F.M. Annales 111: 373-6 or (421-5).
The process of canonization began in the cloister of San Damiano on November 24, 1253, extending to the city on November 29th. Studies of the reports of miracles followed until her canonization on August 15, 1255. The earliest known text of the Process is an Umbrian version from the late 14th or early 15th century. This was discovered by Lazzeri at the Chiara Novella Monastery in 1920 and published for the first time in the following:

Lazzeri, Zepherinus, O.F.M. "De Processu Canonization S. Clarae." AFH 5 (1912): 64451. [First printing after its discovery.] ---. La Vita di S. Chiara. Assisi: Quaracchi, 1920. [A translation of a 14th. century manuscript, formerly attributed to an unknown Tuscan Friar, but now known to have been written by a Poor Clare, and considered to be the most complete life of St. Clare. Includes Canonization Process.] ---. Il Processo di Canonizzazione di Santa Chiara d'Assisi. Assisi: Quaracchi, 1920; ---. "Un antico esemplare della Bolla di canonizzazione di S. Chiara." Archivum Franciscanum Historicum 13 (1920): 403-507. [Lazzeri offers a useful concordance of the Process and Legend on pp. 427-430 of this study.
Lazzeri's concordance is available in Latin and Spanish in the following work:

Omaechevarria, Ignacio, O.F.M. Escritos de Santa Clara y Documentos Complementarios. Madrid: Biblioteca de Autores Cristianos, 1982: 198-200.
The first English translation of the Canonization Process was made available in the following:

De Robeck, Nesta. The Cause of Canonization. St. Clare of Assisi. Milwaukee: Bruce Publishing Co., 1951; Chicago: Franciscan Herald Press, 1986: 179-230.
However, this version omitted a section from the account on Clare's dream of Francis. Brady noted this in the book he edited.

Brady, Ignatius C., O.F.M. The Legend and Writings of St. Clare of Assisi. New York: The Franciscan Institute, 1953: 174, n. 1.
Other texts of the Canonization Process are the following: Armstrong 129-75.

Marie de la Pasion. J'ai connu Madame Sainte Claire. Le procès de canonizacion de Sainte Claire d'Assise. Preface S. E. Garrone. Toulouse: (Spirituality: Doctrine Experience) Monastère des Clarisses, 1961. Mirti, Piero. Santa Chiara nel recconto delle prime sorelle. Assisi: Santa Maria degli Angeli, Edizione Porziuncula, 1953. Niezgoda, C.T. Proces Kanonizacyjny sw. Klary. Wozesne zrodia, 335-75.

Omaechevarria, I. O.F.M. Escritos 60-113. ___. "Santa Chiara "recolta" per il sue sorelle." Frate Francesco 39 (1972): 23-6. Vian, Nello, ed. Il processo di Santa Chiara d'Assisi. Milan: Editrice Vita e Pensiero, [1962].

Bull of Canonization The Bull of Canonization is the Papal document declaring Clare's canonization by Alexander IV. Copies in the Papal Chancery bear dates which vary between August and October of 1255, but the contents have little variation. This text is found in the work of the above mentioned :

Armstrong 176 - 83. Brady 105 - 10. Fiege 178 - 85. Locatelli 270 - 9. Locatelli Paolucci 230-6. Omaechevarria 115 - 27. Vorreux 229 - 37.
The following article is a study of the literary qualities of the Bull of Canonization:

Scaramuzzi, Diomede. Il più autorevole panegirico di Santa Chiara d'Assisi." L'Osservatore Romano 19 mar. 1953.
The approbation of Clare's canonization was unanimous. We have the text of one prelate, Frederick Visconti (+1277) Archbishop of Pisa:

Lazzeri, Zephrynus, O.F.M. "Consilium Frederici Vicecomitis Archiepiscopi Pisani ut ad canonizationem S. Clarae deveniatur, et eiusdem canonizationis die." Archivum Franciscanum Historicum 11 (1918): 275-9. Vorreux 256 - 57.

Other aspects of the canonization, such as indulgences granted in her honor, are noted in the following:

Casolini, Fausta. "In agosto MCCLV: Chiara d'Assisi glorificata in Anagni dal pontefice Alessandro IV." Chiara d'Assisi 3 (1955): 7-24. Pratesi, Riccardo, O.F.M. "Come Alessandro IV onorò Santa Chiara."Chiara d'Assisi 3 (1955): 25-8.
There are sections of the Process that have been particularly studied, like the following: On Clare's dream of Francis:

Bartoli, Marco. "Chiara testimone di Francesco." Quaderni Catanesi 1 (1979): 467-98. ___. "Analisi storica e interpretazione psicanalitica di una visione di S. Chiara d'Assisi." Archivum Franciscanum Historicum 73 (1980): 449-72. Hammel, Laura, O.S.C. "Clare's Dream of God." Communications December 1986. van Leeuwen, Peter. "Het droomgezicht van Clara over Franciscus." Franciscaans Leven 68 (1985): 81-96. English: "Clare's Dream of Francis." Haversack 9 (1985): 13-8.
Clare's devotion to the Five Wounds of Jesus. While Clare lay dying, she encouraged her sisters to pray. Sister Agnes, witness 10 in the Process, mentioned that she prayed a Prayer in honor of the Five Wounds of Jesus aloud, while Clare moved her lips softly. This appears to be the occasion which prompted the belief that Clare composed a prayer to the Five Wounds.

Armstrong, Regis C., O.F.M. The Prayer to the Five Wounds of the Lord. Saint Clare of Assisi the Lady. Early Documents. New York: New City Press, 2006: 422. Joseph of Madrid. Vie de Sainte Claire. Trans. Dom S. P. of the Order of Chartreux. Paris: Oeuvre de Saint-Paul, [N.D. but after 1850.] Vorreux, Damien, O.F.M. "Prière aux Cinq Plaies." Sainte Claire d'Assise: Documents. Paris: Éditiones Franciscaines, 1983. 142-4. [Mention of an 18th. century Italian manuscript with a prayer to the Five Wounds that Clare is said to have recited] De Robeck 155-6. Fiege , 305-8.

Lazzeri, Zeffirino, O.F.M. "L'Orazione delle cinque piaghe recitata da S. Chiara." Archivum Franciscanum Historicum 16 (1923): 246-9. Locatelli Paolucci, Tommaso. Vita breve di S. Chiara di Assisi. Sansi 1882: 212-4. Locatelli, Vincenzo. Vita di Santa Chiara di Assisi. Napoli: Andrea Festa, 1855: 342-4. [This author cites the prayer as Clare's composition.]
The attack by Saracens and liberation of the City. June 22nd has been set aside by the people of Assisi to commemorate what is called "The Vow of St. Clare" -- her victory over the Saracens. The Process gives details of those attacks on the convent and city. The following articles describe these events and celebrations:

Comune di Assisi. Il Voto. Celebrazione del Settimo Centenario della Vittoria di Assisi sui Saraceni per virtù e prodigo di Santa Chiara. Assisi: Arti Grafiche L. Zubboli, 1942. Di Stolfi, Liberato, O.F.M. "S. Chiara liberatrice di Assisi nel suo VII centenario." Frate Francesco 14 (1941): 152-9. Franceschini, Ezio, O.F.M. "I due episode dei saraceni a S. Damiano e ad Assisi." Scritti de filologia latina medievale II: 756-65; Aevum 52 (1953): 289-306; Chiara d'Assisi 1 (1953): 147-57. ___. "Storia e leggenda nella vita di S. Chiara." Vita e pensiero 36 (1953): 394-404. Lazzeri, Z. "Chiara e la Cacciata da Assisi e di Vitale d'Aversa." Archivim Franciscanum Historicum 5 (1912).
On the Christmas vision. Both the Process and Legend recount the Christmas night when Clare was too ill to join the sisters for the Matins.

Franceschini, Ezio, O.F.M. "La notte di Natale del 1252. Chiara d'Assisi 2 (1954): 69-74.
Clare, Patroness of television One of the three witnesses who spoke of Clare hearing the Christmas celebrations at the Cathedral of St. Francis, added that she had also seen the Christ Child in the crib. This was the reasoning for which Pius XII proclaimed her Patroness of television.

Farnum, Mabel Adelaide. St. Clare Patroness of Television. Wisconsin: Franciscan Publishers, 1961. [Actually this is a story of Clare with a brief explanation of this title at the end.] Fortini, Arnaldo. Santa Chiara patrona della televisione. (University of Studies of Perugia, Faculty of Letters and Philosophy) Assis Santa Maria degli Angeli, Tipografia Porziuncola, 1960; Forma Sororum 2 (1988): 139-41. Lavagna, R. "La televisione di santa Chiara." L'Osservatore Romano, April 26 (1953): 3-4. "S. Chiara, Patrona della televisione." Notiziario dell'Antoniano 7 (1969). [Contains Papal brief "Clarius explendescit," promulgated on February 14, 1958.