Contents

INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................................. 1 Meaning of Two Nation Theory .................................................................................................................... 2 BASIS OF CREATION OF PAKISTAN ................................................................................................................ 2 Factors that divided the subcontinent into two nation ................................................................................ 2 Religious Differences..................................................................................................................................... 3 Cultural Differences ...................................................................................................................................... 4 Economical differences ................................................................................................................................. 5 Education Difference .................................................................................................................................... 5 Political Differences ...................................................................................................................................... 5 Language ....................................................................................................................................................... 6 Sir syed and two nation theory ..................................................................................................................... 7 Allama iqbal and two nation theory: ............................................................................................................ 7 Quaid-e-azam and two nation theory:.......................................................................................................... 7 Conclusion ..................................................................................................................................................... 7 Importance of Two Nation Theory................................................................................................................ 8

INTRODUCTION
The concept of Muslims as a Nation was exist before the establishment of Pakistan. The beginning of the Muslim nationalism in the Sub-Continent started when the first man accepted Islam Islam was introduced by the Arab traders who came from the coastal areas. Muslims flourished with their own identity. In spite of living with Hindus for many centuries they could not adopted their culture and maintain their separate identity. After the War of Independence (1857) British ruled on sub-continent, and with the passage of time the Muslims were put into the backwardness in all aspects of life, as they blamed that only the Muslims were responsible

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that Muslims and Hindus were two different nation and it is impossible to life together.D in his famous book "Kitab-ul-Hind" as "The Hindu society maintained this peculiar character over the centuries. religious.At that time the concept of “Two Nation Theory” raised. Meaning of Two Nation Theory  The Two Nation theory means the cultural.It raised a direction for the Muslims on the basis of which Pakistan was achieved. Al . like two streams have sometimes touched but never merged. each following its separate course. The main foundation of ideology of Pakistan us based on ‘two nation theory’. The two societies. Hindus and Muslims.for the War . Hindus and Muslims of the Sub Continent.Beruni recorded his ideas in 1001 A.  This theory means that there were two nations in the subcontinent. The Pakistan movement started after the concept of ‘two nation’.  Religious Differences  Hindu Nationalism 2 . political.beruni Al ." Factors that divided the subcontinent into two nation  Following are a few factors which split the people of the Sub Continent into two nations. In spite of living together for centuries the two communities not forgot their individual cultures and civilization. economic and social dissimilarities between the two major communities.  Subcontinent consists of two nations having their own philosophy of life. BASIS OF CREATION OF PAKISTAN The Two nation Theory was the basis of the struggle for creation of Pakistan as an independent state.  This theory gave rise to two distinct political ideologies that was responsible for the partition of India into two independent states.

H) the messenger of Allah. the Holy Prophet (P. the household utensils. Cultural Differences  Social differences  Economic Differences  Educational Differences  Political Differences  Language Religious Differences Muslims believes  Islam preaches Tawheed (oneness of Allah) and believes that Allah is the creator of the universe. And they have characeristics of god. they teach about god. They have thousands of gods. the foods.  Prophets(or rishi)are people who see god.B.U. 3 . and increased the conflict between the two communities.  There was also some movements that aimed to merge the Muslims with Hindu culture.  The Hindu nationalist leaders totally ignored the great contribution of Muslims in the Indian society and push the Muslims on one side.  Muslims firmly believe on the Holy book Quran(complete code of life) and the life hereafter.  Muslims are the believers of Allah .  The clothes. Social differences  The two communities of the Sub Continent were different in their social life. Hindus believes  Hindu believes in many gods.  Their writings are called vedas. the construction of homes were different. Hindu Nationalism  A number of Hindu nationalist movements were started in the subcontinent that added fuel to the fire.

Hindu culture  Hindus followed a self build culture.  They performed ‘Sati’ and worshipped. 4 .  The Hindus burnt their dead bodies.  Hindus considered the ‘Mother cow’ as a Holy animal. ethics and norms of both the communities are totally different Cultural Differences Islamic culture  Muslim followed the Islamic culture .  In Islam every human beings are equal  There exists a caste system in hindus.  Muslims were against the tradition of ‘Sati’ and strictly forbade it.  Muslims slaughtered the cow. way of response towards social matters . few community worship it.  Muslims buried their dead bodies. The words of greeting.the gestures and every thing about them was different and immediately represented to their distinctive origin.  The moral values.

 Zakat aushur is compulsory for Muslims.Economical differences Muslims  There is a proper check and balance of economy in Islam. 5 . Hindus  No check and balance.  Interest(suut) is strictly forbade in Islam.  the Hindus were provided with ample opportunities to progress economically. they were financially week.  No concept of Zakat in Hindu's religion.  They occupied the best social status because of the modern education Political Differences The political differences between the Hindus and Muslims have great impact on the evolution of Two Nation Theory. Education Difference Muslims  Muslims did not receive modern education which heavily affected their economic conditions.  No concept of interest.  Muslims were thrown out side the government sector. Hindus  The Hindus were advanced in the educational field because they quickly and readily took to the English education.  They could not cope with the society because they ignore the modern education.

Hindus demanded that Urdu should be written in Hindi Script instead of Urdu Script. (ii) Congress Attitude The Indian national Congress was founded in 1885.  Hindi language had its own way of writing in every art which is quite different from urdu 6 . (iii) Partition of Bengal The partition of Bengal in 1905. This created another gap between Hindus and Muslims. They deceive Muslims and only focus on their aims and progress of Hindus. brought a number of political benefits for the Muslims.(i) Hindi Urdu Controversy In 1867. thoughts of poetry. It claimed to represent all Communities of India but oppressed all Muslim ideas and supported the Hindus. but the Hindus launched perturbation against the partition and partition was annulled in 1911. Hindus  The Hindus spoke Hindi language that was written in Sanskrit.  Urdu language had the difference in writing. arts. painting and words of music. Language Muslims  The language of the Muslims was Urdu and it was written in Arabic Script.

They also able to understand the above mentioned differences between them and hence demanded a separate homeland on the ground where they freely practiced their religion in accordance with Quran and Sunnah and Islamic teachings. Sir syed and two nation theory: The pioneer of two nation theory said that: I am convinced now that Hindus and Muslims could never become one nation as their religion and way of life was quite distinct from each other." Conclusion The Muslims realized that they would lose their religious and cultural identity if they remained a part of British India. nor its inhabitants one nation. By all canons of international law we are a nation. They demanded a piece of land where their property and life would be safe guarded and secure 7 ." Quaid-e-azam and two nation theory: In 1973. This is Sub Continent which consist of many nations of which the Hindus and Muslims are two major nations. he said: "Hindustan is neither one country.This difference is small but it lead to a strong conflict between the two nations." Allama iqbal and two nation theory: "Muslims are not a minority. they are one nation by every definition of the word nation.

The Muslims considered that western democracy was not suitable for India. On one occasion. They alsorealized the difference between them and the Hindus and hence demandedseparate electorate on the ground that they were different nation from Hindus. The Muslims also apprehended that they would lose their identity if theyremained a part of Hindu society. In thecase of United India. Bande Mataram as national anthem and promotion of Hindilanguage. 8 .e. and we would not be breathing freely in this open air of Pakistan . Quaid-e-AzamHindus and Muslims though living in the same towns and villages had never beenblended into one nation. They in spite of livingtogether for centuries could not forget their individual cultures and civilization. Hindus will remain in power. which will harm the interests of Muslims. Muslim mass contact compaign had convinced the Muslims that Congresswas aiming at a death blow to Muslim political thought and was working forregneneration and revival of the old Hindu civilization and culture. one was in majority and other was in minority. wherethere were two communities.Hence it is right to say that this theory i. They were always two separate entities. two nation theory is the basis of thecreation of Pakistan because without this concept. Pakistan would not come intobeing on 14th August. Wardha Scheme and Vidya Mandirscheme of education. 1947. The Muslims had learnt from the past experience of Congress's rule of 1937-39 inwhich they adopted Gandhian philosophy.Importance of Two Nation Theory The Two Nation Theory was the basis of the struggle for creation of Pakistan whichheld that Hindus and Muslims are two separate nations.

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