The Results & Basis of Justification By Faith Romans 5:1-11
Therefore, since we have been declared righteous by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, (Romans 5:1)
e are interested in results. Ideas, inventions, business plans, and philosophies are screened by one question. Is it effective? Does it work?
Many times in this epistle, Paul seems to counter anticipated arguments and questions. The question could go something like this: OK Paul, I’m following you so far. I can see that my own righteousness doesn’t amount to much. I know that I can’t get myself into heaven. And I understand what you mean when you say that my only response to God is faith and through faith, Christ’s righteousness is credited to my account. But, can I really be sure that it’s effective? Is it possible to stand before God in confidence? In short: Does Justification By Faith really work? And Paul’s answer in this chapter is YES, it works. He gives the hows and whys of salvation. He shows how the gap between us and God is bridged: how we have access to God and confidence in the future.
Romans In Focus
Peace with God (vs. 1)
I have a reproduction of Galesburg newspaper dated Tues. May 8th, 1945. The headline reads “War Ends Today, 5:01 PM, CWT”. I can imagine all the rejoicing and celebration when folks read that headline. And when we place our faith in Christ, the war is ended…. we have peace with God. We were once enemies of God, rebels. (vs.10) We resisted God’s grace, ignored His love. And we’re headed for defeat. But, the truce has been established, hostilities have ceased. Psalms 85:10 says “righteousness and peace have kissed each other.” Peace with God is a direct result of righteousness. A believer is justified (declared righteous) and then has peace. Peace with God is not the same as the peace of God. Every believer has peace with God, even if he doesn’t sense it. Christians worry and fret about their salvation and cringe waiting for God to get them. But, if they are saved, they have peace with God.
Access To Grace (vs. 2)
The most holy place in the temple (where God’s presence dwelt) was restricted. No one other than the high priest could enter, and then only once a year after a thorough cleansing. When Christ died the veil was torn in two. Believers now have access to God. Heb. 4:16 “let us then approach the throne of grace with confidence, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help us in our time of need.” There’s no longer any veil (separation) between God and His people. Notice that access is through Christ. He is our High Priest. He is the one who always lives to intercede for us. We don’t have to go through a man in order to get to God. We can directly communicate and commune with God, through Christ.
Chapter 5 “this grace in which we now stand.” We tend to think of grace
as only a part of salvation...A past event. But we continually need grace.. . every day. I received God’s grace when He saved me. There was nothing in me to merit it. He has no more reason to keep me than He did to save me. I still sin. It’s not a matter of being saved by grace and then working to keep it. We’re saved by grace and kept by grace. And it’s in this grace in which we stand.
Christians are the only people on earth that have real hope. Not cross-your-fingers type optimism or false hope. True hope is being certain that your future is secure.
The object of our hope:
Our hope is “the glory of God -the very presence of God. That’s what we’re looking forward to. Rom. 8:30 -”...those HE justified, he also glorified.” It’s as good as done.
Developing Hope. (3-4)
“We also rejoice in our sufferings.” Why should we rejoice when we suffer? Because we know that our pain is not meaningless. It has a good effect. Rom.8:28 “and we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him.” All things, even our sufferings ultimately produce good. It takes adversity to develop character. Parents understand that. As your child grows up, you give him more and more freedom and responsibility. And when he makes a wrong choice and gets into a jam, you resist the temptation to jump in and bail him out. Why? Do you enjoy his suffering? No. You realize that he’ll mature and be a better person because he handled his own problem.
Romans In Focus
As we mature in our Christian life, we are more secure in our hope. We can look back at our past difficulties and see how God brought us through. We know, by experience not just theoretically, how God works those things for good. Which gives us more reason to trust God for the future.
God’s Love (5-8)
Our hope is grounded in God’s love. How can we doubt that hope with the love of God in our hearts.
Characteristics of God’s love:
We love because. Because of your personality, because of your looks, because of what you’ve done for me, or because you love me. But God’s love is completely different. He doesn’t need a because. In fact, because “God is love” is the only reason you can give. Paul asks the question “Why did Christ die for us who hated Him?” He allows that you night possibly find someone who would sacrifice himself for a good man… one worth saving. Would you die for your spouse? Your kids? Maybe your best friend? How about a stranger on the street? A rapist in prison? But God’s kind of love is different. Christ died for his enemies. Not because we deserved it. Not because anything on our part.
Considering that kind of love, how can any Christian doubt his security. How can you worry and fret about losing your salvation. Paul argues from the lesser to the greater. It Christ, by dying for us, was able to save us, wouldn’t he be able to keep us saved by living? If he would die for enemies, won’t he live for those who are
now his friends? We’re “saved from God’s wrath.” (9) We’re also “saved through his life!” (10)
Basis for Justification By Faith (5:12-21)
Before I received the Lord, I occasionally went to church and heard the preacher say that Jesus died for my sins. And I never could understand : How can the act of one man so affect the world? I believed that Jesus died to pay for sin, but I couldn’t understand what his death could affect me. I should have read this section of Romans. Paul shows a contrast between Adam & Jesus that helps to explain the question. Adam —> Sin—> Death From one man (Adam), sin came into the world, which lead to death, which resulted in death to all men. God created the human race to be perfect. But Adam disobeyed God’s command and suddenly there was a change. The human race fell and death was the result. Adam’s descendants inherited his defective “gene” and they died. Even those who had no commandments to break. It’s nothing new for one man’s actions to affect the world. It happened with Adam. He sinned and as a result we all are affected. Before you’re too hard on ole Adam, let me ask you this: Could you do better? Adam was perfect, without any flaws and he lived in a perfect environment. Christ —> Righteousness —> Life Notice the phrase “how much more” that Paul uses throughout these verses. Christ’s obedience was more than sufficient to overcome the results of Adam’s disobedience.
Romans In Focus
Adam’s act brought condemnation and death. Christ’s act brought justification and eternal life. Not only did Christ undo all the damage from the fall, He accomplished much more. We gain more than was lost. 1. His grace overflowed to many (15) 2. We’ll share in His future reign (17) Adam’s act brought condemnation and death. Christ’s act brought justification and eternal life.