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Seven Historical Places In the Philippines Related to Jose Rizal

Submitted by: Naidin Catherine M. De Guzman BSN-IV A

Submitted to: Maam Sicerio

Paco Manila Rich in history and rich in plants, Paco was known as Dilao or dilaw as a Tagalog word for the color yellow in which plants that produce amarillo or yellow color were once plentiful on this district. This was once a graveyard for rich family members during the Spanish times, and where national heroes Jose Rizal and Gomburza were buried before their remains were relocated to Bagumbayan (present-day Luneta Park). Designed in the late 17th century, the 4,000-square-meter recreation area features a garden and an open-air amphitheater that have set the level for many occasionsfrom past to present-day marriages, live shows, musicals, and displays.One of its shows where people love to watch is called a Filipino eskrima (stick martial arts) where experts develop their conventional battling skills.

Fort Santiago Built in 1571 for Spanish conquistador Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, Fort Santiago or Fuerza de Santiago is the oldest Spanish fortress in the Philippines and one of the major attractions inside Intramuros in Manila. These days, among the Forts most well-preserved destinations are the Japanese-era M4 Sherman container, WWII artillery and subterranean channels used by the Japanese, the former Spanish dungeon of Plaza de Armas, and Rizal Shrine which was the prison cell of the Philippines national hero Dr. Jose Rizal. The final footsteps of Rizal before he was executed are signified on the forts floor. A museum is also present depicting the brave life and last poetry (Mi Ultimo Adios) of Riza

Rizal Shrine A complex building located on Santa Clara Street, Fort Santiago, Intramuros, Manila. This shrine is dedicate d to Dr. Jose Rizal, all his works, collections, memorabilias and books. This is where he spent his last night before he was executed and where his family found his last famous poem disguised in an oil lamp entitled Mi Ultimo Adios or My Last Farewell. There are also Rizal Shrine in other places like Dapitan and Laguna.

Rizal Park (Filipino: Liwasang Rizal), also known as Luneta Park or colloquially Luneta, is a historical urban park located in the heart of the city of Manila, Philippines, adjacent to the old walled city of Manila, now Intramuros. Since the Spanish Colonial Era, the park has been a favorite spot for unwinding, socializing, an urban oasis for family picnics on Sundays and holidays. It is one of the major tourist attractions of Manila. Located along Manila Bay, Luneta has been the site of some of the most significant moments in Philippine history. The execution of pacifist Dr. Jos Rizal on December 30, 1896, sparked the fire of the Philippine Revolution against the Spanish colonizers, elevating the martyr as the national hero of the country. The park was officially renamed Rizal Park in his honor and his monument serves as the symbolic focal point of the park. The Declaration of Philippine Independence from American rule was held here on July 4, 1946 as well as the political rallies of Ferdinand Marcos and Corazon Aquino in 1986 that led to the EDSA Revolution that deposed Marcos ending his dictatorial government.

Vigan One of Philippines most wonderful places, as it features the Spanish record of the nation. This town is in the northern part of Philippines and its heritage village was known and listed since December 2, 1999 in the UNESCO world heritage list for its unique Spanish colonial history where Spanish monumental buildings built in the 18th century are well preserved up to this day.

Rizals House in Calamba Laguna The present house/museum is just a replica of the original ancestral house of Rizal's family; the old house was destroyed during World War II. It was President Quirino who ordered the reconstruction of the national hero's home through the supervision of National Artist/architect Juan Nakpil and was inaugurated in 1950. According to the NHI, "Although its woodwork and masonry are new, it occupies the same area and is made of the same materials as the original house of the Mercados. Its ground floor of lime and stone, its upper story of the best hardwood."

Ateneo Municipal De Manila Turned over to Jesuit administration by the city of Manila in 1859, the Ateneo Municipl was a school for boys. Initially, the Jesuits hesitated taking charge of the school as they were returning to the Philippines after more than eight decades of absence to take charge of the Mindanao missions. (The Jesuits were expelled from the Philippines in 1768). The instructions they received stipulated that they were to ask explicit permission from higher superiors should they commit themselves to education. The city council prevailed upon the Jesuits to take charge of the school then called Escuela Pia. With the necessary permissions secured, Fr. Jos Cuevas accepted the school and in December 1859, the Jesuits began instruction in a modest building along Arsobispado St. near the archbishops residence.

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