# BIRLA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE-PILANI - HYDERABAD CAMPUS

INSTRUCTION DIVISION, FIRST SEMESTER 2013 - 2014
(COURSE HANDOUT PART II) Date: 01/08/2013

In addition to part-I (general handout for all courses in the time-table), this handout provides the specific details regarding the course. Course No.: Course Title: Instructor-in-charge: 1. ME G621 FLUID DYNAMICS N. JALAIAH

Course Description: Mechanics of turbulent flow; semi-empirical expressions; statistical concepts; stability theory; flow of non-Newtonian fluids; stationary and moving shock waves; Prandtl-Mayer expressions; two and three dimensional subsonic and supersonic flow; methods of characteristics; small perturbation theory and similarity rules. Scope and Objective: The objective of this course is to lay strong foundation in understanding the concepts on turbulence and the statistical and computational methods used in estimating it. Starting from the basics of laminar flow concepts, the key parameters of turbulence is explained with the help of equations of motion. This course focuses also on fundamentals of compressible flow viz isentropic flow, shock waves, Prandtl-Meyer expansions. The fundamental mathematics and physics governing these flows are derived and discussed. Text Book: 1. Garde R. J., “Turbulent Flow”, New Age International Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 3rd Ed., 2010. 2. Yahya S. M., “Fundamentals of Compressible Flow with Aircraft and Rocket Propulsion”, New Age International Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 4th Ed., 2010. Reference Books: 1. John D. Anderson Jr., “Modern Compressible Flow – With Historical Perspective”, McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, Singapore, 2nd Ed., 1990. 2. Stephen B. Pope, “Turbulent Flows”, Cambridge University Press, 2000.

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Course Plan: Learning Objectives Laminar Flow Transition from Laminar to Turbulent Flow Nature of Turbulence Topics to be covered Introduction, Equations of motion, Conditions of Similarity, Creeping motion, Exact solutions of N-S equations, Boundary layer approximations, Characteristics of laminar flows Concept of Stability, Stability analysis, Experimental verification, Factors affecting transition Averaging procedures, Characteristics of turbulent flows, Types of turbulent flows, Scales of turbulence, Methods of analysis Reynold’s equation of motion, Energy Equation, Bernoulli’s equation for mean flow Introduction & some definitions, Isotropic turbulence and homogeneous turbulence, Kinematics & dynamics of isotropic turbulence, Spectrum analysis, Kolmogorov’s theory of local isotropy Mixing length hypothesis, Karman’s similarity hypothesis, Vorticity transport theory, Zero equation models, One equation models, Two equation models, Multi-equation models Chapter/ Section TB:1 Chapter: 1 TB:1 Chapter: 2 TB:1 Chapter: 3 TB:1 Chapter: 4 TB:1 Chapter: 5 TB:1 Chapter: 6

Lecture Nos. 1-4 5-7 8-10

11-14 Equations of Motion 15-18 Statistical Theory of Turbulence

19-22 Turbulence Models

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7. Rayleigh flow relations. Moving Waves Chapter: 6 normal shock waves Fanno curves.11. students are advised to visit regularly CMS (institute’s web based course management system) for latest updates. RankineFlow with Normal Shock TB:2 31-34 Hugoniot equations.00 – 12.00 PM To be announced in the class To be announced in the class 06. 6.12.9. Flow in Constant Area TB:2 35-37 Variation of Mach number with duct length. Make-up Policy: Make-up shall be given only to the genuine cases with prior intimation. Strength of a shock wave. Prandtl-Meyer Relation. Page | 2/2 .2013 .2013 11. Isothermal flow Ducts with Friction Chapter: 8 with friction Flow in Constant Area Rayleigh line. Fanno flow equations and their solutions. Instructor-in-charge ME G621 8. Flow through nozzles and TB:2 27-30 Variable Area diffusers. Maximum heat transfer TB:2 38-40 Ducts with Heat Transfer Chapter: 9 Learning Objectives Topics to be covered Evaluation Scheme: Evaluation Component Test-1 Test-2 Assignment Seminar Comprehensive Exam 3 hours Duration 60 min 60 min Weightage (%) 20 20 10 10 40 Date & Time 01. Energy equations TB:2 23-25 Compressible flow Chapters: 1&2 Rate equations for a control volume TB:2 26 Rate Equations Chapter: 3 Isentropic Flow with Stagnation and critical states.00 – 12.00 – 12. Chamber Consultation Hour: To be announced in the class room.10. Use of gas tables Chapter: 4 Governing equations.00 PM 08.00 AM Nature of Component CB CB OB OB CB 5. Besides this. Notices: All notices concerning this course will be displayed only on the Mechanical Engineering Notice Board.Lecture Nos.2013 11. Chapter/ Section Introduction to Definitions. Basic relations.