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Land Administration Supporting Vision Programmes in Swaziland

Presented by: Albert B. N. Mhlanga at the Africa Geospatial Forum 2013

SURVEYOR GENERALS SGD DEPARTMENT


Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy

Introduction
Land Administration still remains a big challenge for developing countries. Economic development is underpinned by proper land administration. Developments in technology have provided dependable alternatives to an otherwise complex challenge.

SURVEYOR GENERALS SGD DEPARTMENT


Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy

Introduction
The kingdom of Swaziland is experiencing the same challenges and as a result, it has resorted to facing these challenges headon.

SURVEYOR GENERALS SGD DEPARTMENT


Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy

Land Tenure in Swaziland


Free-hold Tenure Lease-hold Tenure Concession Land Swazi Nation Land Crown Land

SURVEYOR GENERALS SGD DEPARTMENT


Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy

Land Tenure in Swaziland


Free-hold
This is land that is fully owned by individuals or companies Its extent or boundaries are fully defined A Title exists detailing the ownership of the property It can exchange ownership

SURVEYOR GENERALS SGD DEPARTMENT


Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy

Land Tenure in Swaziland


Lease-hold
This is land that is leased for a period of time usually 99 years by individuals or companies. On expiry of the lease period the land reverts back to the owner Its extent or boundaries are fully defined A Title exists detailing the ownership of the property It can exchange ownership
SURVEYOR GENERALS SGD DEPARTMENT
Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy

Land Tenure in Swaziland


Concession Land
This is land that was given to foreigners to use for a special purpose. The nature of the agreement was a lease for mining or grazing. On expiry of the lease the land was reverted back to the Swazi Nation.

SURVEYOR GENERALS SGD DEPARTMENT


Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy

Land Tenure in Swaziland


Swazi Nation Land
This is communal that runs from generation to generation It is administered by Chiefs It can be allocated to somebody else should the current owners decide to leave.

SURVEYOR GENERALS SGD DEPARTMENT


Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy

Land Tenure in Swaziland


Crown Land
This is government land that vests in the king Government has delegated powers to control, develop and dispose of this land Generally takes the form of Free-hold

SURVEYOR GENERALS SGD DEPARTMENT


Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy

Challenges of SNL
Informal Settlements - Peri-urban areas Lack of Collateral Security of Tenure Uncontrolled Developments Lack of Physical Planning Lack of enforced Standards Substandard buildings

SURVEYOR GENERALS SGD DEPARTMENT


Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy

Challenges of Concession Land


Constitution Expiry of Lease Illegal selling Hot Potato Land Redistribution Traditional Authorities

SURVEYOR GENERALS SGD DEPARTMENT


Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy

The Cadastre
Based on the South African Fixedboundary System. Lo31 Coordinate System Transverse Mercator Projection Fully established Trigonometric Network

SURVEYOR GENERALS SGD DEPARTMENT


Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy

Land Administration
Why Land Administration?
DELIVERING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT BUILDING ECONOMIES, NOT JUST LAND MARKETS PROVIDING A FRAMEWORK FOR DELIVERY OF BASIC SERVICES ACHIEVING SOCIAL GOALS MANAGING CRISES

SURVEYOR GENERALS SGD DEPARTMENT


Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy

Land Administration
Why Land Administration?
DELIVERING LAND INFORMATION FOR GOVERNANCE AND SUSTAINABILITY

ENCOURAGING THE USE OF NEW TECHNOLOGY REDUCING THE DIVIDE BETWEEN RICH AND POOR NATIONS
DELIVERING THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS Williamson et al ESRI Press Academic

SURVEYOR GENERALS SGD DEPARTMENT


Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy

Vision Programmes
Land Policy Review of Land Related Laws Establishment of NDDC Establishment of National GIS Forum

SURVEYOR GENERALS SGD DEPARTMENT


Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy

Challenges
Land Policy
All land vested on Monarchy Except Freehold/Title Deed Land Traditional Structures Chiefs in charge Political Will to change from current system Creating awareness - advantages of proper Land Administration

SURVEYOR GENERALS SGD DEPARTMENT


Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy

Challenges
Review of Land Related Legislation
Consultancy expenses need for funding Re-alligning all relevant legislation with Constitution Creating a platform for a possible buy-in by stakeholders Developing a pilot case study to demonstrate the advantages of proper land administration
SURVEYOR GENERALS SGD DEPARTMENT
Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy

Challenges
Establishment of NDDC
Information/Data Silos duplication of efforts Updating of the Information custodians of information to update it. Provision of training and exposure to the various software for handling geo-information

SURVEYOR GENERALS SGD DEPARTMENT


Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy

Challenges
Establishment of National GIS Forum
Establishments of Geospatial Information Standards data sharing Voluntary Activities members come from various organisations and contribute on a voluntary basis. Contribution towards development of Geoinformation standards

SURVEYOR GENERALS SGD DEPARTMENT


Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy

Conclusion
There is a need to formulate and enact a Swazi Land Administration Act to clarify the mandate of Chiefs and empower them as important players in land administration There is a need to establish a single ministry responsible for all land related matters There should be timely control of Peri-urban areas in consultation with appropriate stakeholders
SURVEYOR GENERALS SGD DEPARTMENT
Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy

Thank you for your attention.

SURVEYOR GENERALS SGD DEPARTMENT


Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy