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To the Student This Skills Practice Workbook gives you additional examples and

problems for the concept exercises in each lesson. The exercises are designed to aid your study of mathematics by reinforcing important mathematical skills needed to succeed in the everyday world. The materials are organized by chapter and lesson, with one Skills Practice worksheet for every lesson in Glencoe Math Connects, Course 2. Always keep your workbook handy. Along with your textbook, daily homework, and class notes, the completed Skills Practice Workbook can help you review for quizzes and tests.

To the Teacher These worksheets are the same as those found in the Chapter

Resource Masters for Glencoe Math Connects, Course 2. The answers to these worksheets are available at the end of each Chapter Resource Masters booklet as well as in your Teacher Wraparound Edition interleaf pages.

Copyright by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without prior written permission of the publisher. Send all inquiries to: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill 8787 Orion Place Columbus, OH 43240 ISBN: 978-0-07-881053-4 MHID: 0-07-881053-1 Printed in the United States of America 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 047 14 13 12 11 10 09 08 07

CONTENTS

Lesson/Title

1-1 1-2 1-3 1-4 1-5 1-6 1-7 1-8 1-9 1-10 2-1 2-2 2-3 2-4 2-5 2-6 2-7 2-8 3-1 3-2 3-3 3-4 3-5 3-6 3-7 4-1 4-2 4-3 4-4 4-5 4-6 4-7 4-8 4-9 5-1 5-2 5-3 5-4 5-5 5-6 5-7 6-1 6-2

Page

Lesson/Title

6-3 6-4 6-5 6-6 6-7 6-8 6-9 7-1 7-2 7-3 7-4 7-5 7-6 7-7 7-8 8-1 8-2 8-3 8-4 8-5 8-6 8-7 8-8 8-9 9-1 9-2 9-3 9-4 9-5 9-6 9-7 9-8 10-1 10-2 10-3 10-4 10-5 10-6 10-7 10-8 10-9 10-10

Page

A Plan for Problem Solving ......................1 Powers and Exponents ............................2 Squares and Square Roots .....................3 Order of Operations .................................4 Problem-Solving Investigation: Guess and Check ....................................5 Algebra: Variables and Expressions.........6 Algebra: Equations ...................................7 Algebra: Properties ..................................8 Algebra: Arithmetic Sequences................9 Algebra: Equations and Functions .........10 Integers and Absolute Value.................. 11 Comparing and Ordering Integers .........12 The Coordinate Plane ............................13 Adding Integers ......................................14 Subtracting Integers ...............................15 Multiplying Integers ................................16 Problem-Solving Investigation: Look for a Pattern ..................................17 Dividing Integers ....................................18 Writing Expressions and Equations .......19 Solving Addition and Subtraction Equations ...............................................20 Solving Multiplication Equations ............21 Problem-Solving Investigation: Work Backward ...............................................22 Solving Two-Step Equations ..................23 Measurement: Perimeter and Area ........24 Functions and Graphs............................25 Prime Factorization ................................26 Greatest Common Factor.......................27 Problem-Solving Investigation: Make an Organized List .........................28 Simplifying Fractions ..............................29 Fractions and Decimals..........................30 Fractions and Percents ..........................31 Percents and Decimals ..........................32 Least Common Multiple .........................33 Comparing and Ordering Rational Numbers.................................................34 Estimating with Fractions .......................35 Adding and Subtracting Fractions ..........36 Adding and Subtracting Mixed Numbers.................................................37 Problem-Solving Investigation: Eliminate Possibilities.............................38 Multiplying Fractions and Mixed Numbers ...............................................39 Algebra: Solving Equations ....................40 Dividing Fractions and Mixed Numbers.................................................41 Ratios ....................................................42 Rates......................................................43

Rate of Change and Slope ....................44 Measurement: Changing Customary Units ....................................45 Measurements: Changing Metric Units ............................................46 Algebra: Solving Proportions .................47 Problem-Solving Investigation: Draw a Diagram .....................................48 Scale Drawings ......................................49 Fractions, Decimals and Percents..........50 Percent of a Number..............................51 The Percent Proportion..........................52 Percent and Estimation ..........................53 Algebra: The Percent Equation ..............54 Problem-Solving Investigation: Determine Reasonable Answers ...........55 Percent of Change .................................56 Sales Tax and Discount .........................57 Simple Interest .......................................58 Line Plots ...............................................59 Measures of Central Tendency and Range .............................................60 Stem-and-Leaf Plots ..............................61 Bar Graphs and Histograms ..................62 Problem-Solving Investigation: Use a Graph...........................................63 Using Graphs to Predict.........................64 Using Data to Predict .............................65 Using Sampling to Predict .....................66 Misleading Statistics ..............................67 Simple Events ........................................68 Sample Spaces ......................................69 The Fundamental Counting Principle ....70 Permutations ..........................................71 Combinations .........................................72 Problem-Solving Investigation: Act it Out ................................................73 Theoretical and Experimental Probability ..............................................74 Compound Events..................................75 Angle Relationships ...............................76 Complementary and Supplementary Angles ....................................................77 Statistics: Display Data in a Circle Graph ...........................................78 Triangles.................................................79 Problem-Solving Investigation: Use Logical Reasoning ..........................80 Quadrilaterals.........................................81 Similar Figures........................................82 Polygons and Tessellations .....................83 Translations.............................................84 Reflections ..............................................85

iii

Lesson/Title

11-1 11-2 11-3 11-4 11-5 11-6 11-7 11-8 11-9 11-10 12-1 12-2 12-3 12-4 12-5

Page

Area of Parallelograms...........................86 Area of Triangles and Trapezoids...........87 Circles and Circumferences ...................88 Area of Circles .......................................89 Problem-Solving Investigation: Solve a Simpler Problem .................................90 Area of Composite Figures ....................91 Three-Dimensional Figures .....................92 Drawing Three-Dimensional Figures......93 Volume of Prisms ...................................94 Volume of Cylinders ................................95 Estimating Square Roots .......................96 The Pythagorean Theorem ....................97 Problem-Solving Investigation: Make a Model ..................................................98 Surface Area of Rectangular Prisms .....99 Surface Area of Cylinders ....................100

iv

1-1

Skills Practice

A Plan for Problem Solving

Lesson 1-1

Course 2

Answer these questions about the four-step problem-solving plan. 1. During which step do you ask if your answer makes sense?

2. During which step do you revise or make a new plan if your first plan doesnt work?

3. During which step do you select a strategy for solving the problem?

4. During which step do you ask yourself, What do I need to find out?

Choose one of the following to describe how you would plan to solve each problem. Do not solve the problems. A. Use only one operation, such as addition or multiplication. B. Use a combination of operations, such as division and addition. C. Use a different strategy.

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

5. MONEY Julia opened a savings account with a deposit of $36. She then deposited $5 per week for one month. If she then withdrew $9.50, how much is left in her savings account? 6. In how many different patterns can 3 rose bushes, 2 sunflowers, and 5 tulip plants be planted in a garden? 7. Use the four-step plan to solve Exercise 5. A. Understand

B. Plan

C. Solve

D. Check

Chapter 1

1-2

1. 112 3. 25 5. 153 7. 16 9. 37

Skills Practice

Powers and Exponents

Evaluate each expression. 11. 92 13. 83 15. 25 17. 34 19. 93 21. 47 23. 19 25. 204 12. 82 14. 24 16. 63 18. 35 20. 112 22. 123 24. 104 26. 26

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Write each product in exponential form. 27. 12 12 29. 4 4 4 4 4 31. 15 15 15 15 15 28. 10 10 10 30. 9 9 9 9 32. 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6

Chapter 1

Course 2

1-3

Skills Practice

Squares and Square Roots

3. 25

4. 24

5. 35

6. 26

7. 37

8. 50

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

10. 100

11. 441

12. 900

13. 961

14. 784

15. 3,600

16. 1,936

Chapter 1

Course 2

Lesson 1-3

1-4

Skills Practice

Order of Operations

4. 25 2 7

5. 36 9(2)

6. 6 3(7 2)

7. 3 6.2 52

8. (1 11)2 3

9. 12 (2 8)

10. 15 24 4 2

11. (4 2) (7 4)

12. (3 18) (2 9)

13. 24 6 42

14. 3 8 (9 7)3

15. 9 (9 8 3)4

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

16. 3 22 24 8

18. (52 4) 53

19. 26 103

21. 5 42 3 2

22. 24 6 2

23. 13 (6 5)5

24. (8 3 2) 6

26. 10 2 (4 3)

28. 35 7 2 4

29. 25 7(9 1)

30. 12 16 (3 1)

Chapter 1

Course 2

1-5

Skills Practice

Problem-Solving Investigation: Guess and Check

Solve each problem using the guess and check problem-solving strategy. 1. SPORTS Susan made 2-point baskets and 3-point baskets in her last basketball game. All together she scored 9 points. How many of each type of basket did she make?

2. ENTERTAINMENT Tickets to the local circus cost $3 for children and $5 for adults. There were three times as many children tickets sold as adult tickets. All together the circus made $700. How many children and how many adults bought tickets to the circus?

3. NUMBERS What are the next two numbers in the following sequence? 5, 13, 37, 109, 325, ___, ___

4. MONEY Richard found $2.40 in change while cleaning his couch. He found the same number of quarters, dimes, and nickels. How many of each coin did he find?

Chapter 1

Course 2

Lesson 1-5

1-6

Skills Practice

Algebra: Variables and Expressions

4. x w

5. 3 4z

6. 6y 5

7. y2

8. y x

z 9. 2

13. 3.3p

14. 3.3p 2

15. 2p 3.3

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

16. 20 2n

17. 20 2n

n 18. 7

19. n2

20. 6m2

p2 21. 3

22. 1.1 n

23. p 8.1

24. 3.6m

25. 3n 2m

26. 3m n

27. 2.1n p

m2 28. p

(n 2)2 30. 3

Chapter 1

Course 2

1-7

Skills Practice

Algebra: Equations

u 4. 15 3

b 5. 12 7

6. 13 3 y

7. 8 r 17

8. 27 12 m

9. h 22 67

10. 27 15 n

11. 36 a 96

12. 99 d 3

13. 6t 66

14. 25 y 4

15. b 25 120

16. n 5 10

17. 4y 48

18. 5t 40

Graph the solution of each equation on a number line. 22. v 6 30 23. 3a 27 24. n 7 14

Define a variable. Write an equation and solve. 25. BAKING Judy wants to buy some cookies for her birthday party. Cookies come in packages of 6. If she is inviting 24 friends to her party, how many packages of cookies does she need to buy so that each of her friends can have one cookie each?

Chapter 1

Course 2

Lesson 1-7

19. 50 d 150

20. w 61 65

21. 88 k 2

1-8

Skills Practice

Algebra: Properties

Use the Distributive Property to write each expression as an equivalent expression. Then evaluate the expression. 1. 3(5 1) 2. (2 7)5

3. (10 2)7

4. 2(9 8)

5. 4(10 2)

6. 6(13 4)

10. 18 1 18

11. 7 2 2 7

12. 6 (1 4) (6 1) 4

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

13. 7 0 7

14. 0 12 12

19. (6 r) s 6 (r s)

20. (4 8) a 4 (8 a)

21. p 1 p

22. a 5 5 a

23. y 3 3 y

24. b 0 b

25. (x y) z x (y z)

Chapter 1

Course 2

1-9

Skills Practice

Algebra: Arithmetic Sequences

3. 1, 2, 3, 4,

4. 0, 7, 14, 21,

5. 2, 5, 8, 11,

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Give the next three terms in each sequence. 15. 3, 6, 9, 12, 16. 18, 21, 24, 27,

21. 5, 7, 9, 11,

Chapter 1

Course 2

Lesson 1-9

Algebra: Equations and Functions

Copy and complete each function table. Identify the domain and range. 1. y x 1 x 1 2 3 4 x1 y 2. y x 7 x 1 2 3 4 x7 y 3. y 3x x 1 2 3 4 3x y

4. y 4x x 2 3 4 5 4x y

5. y x 0.5 x 1 2 3 4 x 0.5 y

6. y 10x x 0 1 2 3 10x y

Solve each word problem. For Exercises 7 and 8, use the following information.

TRAVEL For every gallon of gas, a car can travel 30 miles.

7. Write an equation using two variables to show the relationship between the distance the car travels and the gallons of gas it uses.

8. If a car had 8 gallons of gas left in its tank, how many miles can it travel before the tank runs out?

FARMING Every row of corn in Mr. Jones garden has 5 cornstalks.

9. Write an equation using two variables to show the relationship between the number of rows and the number of cornstalks.

10. If Mr. Jones has 7 rows of corn, how many cornstalks will he need to harvest?

Chapter 1

10

Course 2

2-1

Skills Practice

Integers and Absolute Value

3. 2010 A.D.

6. a withdrawal of $200

7. 3 points lost

8. a bonus of $150

9. a deposit of $41

15. |23|

16. |107|

17. |45|

18. |19|

19. |0|

20. |6||2|

21. 84

22. |12||12|

4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4

24. {4, 1, 3}

4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4

Chapter 2

11

Course 2

Lesson 2-1

2-2

Skills Practice

Comparing and Ordering Integers

Determine whether each sentence is true or false. If false, change one number to make the sentence true. 11. 7 3 12. 2 0 13. 20 22

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

14. 12 15 15. 3 5 16. 2 3 17. 810 18. 11 11 19. 4 4 20. 9 10 Order the integers from least to greatest. 21. 12, 6, 20, 47, 11 22. 9, 6, 0, 4, 17, 11

Order the integers from greatest to least. 23. 40, 65, 7, 24, 6, 15 24. 13, 0, 7, 8, 5, 2

Chapter 2

12

Course 2

2-3

Skills Practice

The Coordinate Plane

I F A

5 4 3 2 1 O 2 3 4 5

B E

1 2 3 4 5x

1. A

2. B

3. C

4. D

5432

D G J

5. E

6. F

7. G

8. H

9. I

10. J

Graph and label each point on the coordinate plane. 11. N(1, 3) 13. C(4, 0)

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

65432

6 5 4 3 2 1 O 2 3 4 5 6

15. M(5, 0) 17. I(3, 3) 19. D(0, 5) Name the ordered pair for each point on the city map at the right. 20. City Hall

1 2 3 4 5 6x

Grocery

O 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7x

21. Theater

76 5432

Theater

23. Grocery

Chapter 2

13

Course 2

Lesson 2-3

Name the ordered pair for each point graphed at the right. Then identify the quadrant in which each point lies.

2-4

Add. 1. 5 (8)

Skills Practice

Adding Integers

2. 3 3

3. 3 (8)

4. 7 (7)

5. 8 10

6. 7 13

7. 15 (10)

8. 11 (12)

9. 25 (12)

10. 14 (13)

11. 14 (27)

12. 28 16

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

15. c (5)

16. a b

17. a 0

18. b c

19. 12 b

20. a (7)

21. 21 c

22. a c

Chapter 2

14

Course 2

2-5

Subtract. 1. 5 2

Skills Practice

Subtracting Integers

2. 6 (7)

3. 3 2

4. 8 13

7. 15 (7)

8. 15 6

9. 3 8

10. 10 12

11. 13 (12)

12. 14 (22)

13. 10 (20)

14. 16 14

15. 25 25

16. 6 (31)

17. 18 (40)

18. 15 (61)

21. s (8)

22. t r

23. s t

24. r s

Chapter 2

15

Course 2

Lesson 2-5

5. 7 (7)

6. 6 12

2-6

Multiply. 1. 4(6)

Skills Practice

Multiplying Integers

2. 2(8)

3. 12(4)

4. 6(5)

5. 10(9)

6. (5)2

7. (5)2

8. 30(5)

9. 20(6)

10. 14(6)

11. (13)2

12. 7(15)

13. 3(4y)

14. 7(3x)

15. 7(5g)

16. 7(7w)

17. 3(3y)

18. 2(10h)

19. 3g

20. 5h

21. 7gk

22. 2gh

23. 10h

24. 2h2

Chapter 2

16

Course 2

2-7

Skills Practice

Problem-Solving Investigation: Look for a Pattern

Look for a pattern to solve the problem. 1. NUMBERS What are the next two numbers in the pattern listed below? 7, 21, 63, 189,

2. POPULATION The Springfield Zoo is breeding gorillas. They have 3 gorillas, which can mate and give birth. After the first year there are 7 gorillas. After the second year there are 11 gorillas. If the gorillas continue to increase at the same rate, how long will it take for the Springfield Zoo to have 35 gorillas?

3. ALGEBRA Read the table below to find a pattern relating x and y. Then write an equation to describe the pattern in general. x 1 2 3 4 5 y 5 8 11 14 17

4. SAVINGS Maria receives $50 for her birthday. She decides to put the money into a bank account and start saving her money from babysitting in order to buy a television that costs $200. After the first week she has $74. After the second week, she has $98. After the third week she has $122. How many weeks will she have to save at the same rate in order to buy the television?

Chapter 2

17

Course 2

Lesson 2-7

2-8

Divide. 1. 15 3

Skills Practice

Dividing Integers

2. 24 (8)

3. 22 (2)

4. 49 (7)

5. 8 (8)

36 6. 4

7. 225 (15)

0 8. 9

9. 38 2

64 10. 4

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

13. m n

14. p 4

15. p2 m

16. m p

17.

p n

18. p n2

19. 2

n

p2

18 n 20. p

21. m (np)

m 22. n p

Chapter 2

18

Course 2

3-1

1. b plus 1

Skills Practice

Writing Expressions and Equations

Write each phrase as an algebraic expression. 2. three more than x 4. seven less than n 6. a number less eleven 8. eight dollars more than m 10. twice as many days 12. t multiplied by 14 14. 24 divided by some number 16. the quotient of 15 and w

3. twelve minus y 5. five years younger than Jessica 7. four increased by a 9. the product of c and 10 11. three times as many soft drinks 13. Emilys age divided by 3 15. a number divided by 2

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

27. 72 divided by y is 9.

Chapter 2

19

Course 2

Lesson 3-1

3-2

Skills Practice

Solving Addition and Subtraction Equations

4. 16 n 6

5. q 10 22

6. m 9 17

7. b 4 9

8. 8 c 4

9. 11 t 7

10. d 10 8

11. x 11 9

12. 2 z 14

13. 72 24 w

14. 86 y 99

15. 6 y 8

16. 5 m 11

19. 98 t 18

20. 12 g 56

21. x 18 2

22. p 11 5

Chapter 3

20

Course 2

3-3

1. 4c 16

Skills Practice

Solving Multiplication Equations

4. 9c 45

5. 49 7y

6. 11t 44

7. 15a 60

8. 72 12c

9. 18x 162

13. 5b 40

14. 32 2f

15. 9x 63

16. 4g 52

17. 5x 85

18. 63 7a

20. 1.5z 6

Chapter 3

21

Course 2

Lesson 3-3

3-4

1.

Skills Practice

Problem-Solving Investigation: Work Backward

GOVERNMENT There are 99 members in the Ohio House of Representatives. All of them

were present when a vote was taken on a piece of legislation. If 6 of them did not vote, and 13 more voted yes than voted no, how many no votes were there?

2.

MONEY Jessie and Amar eat lunch at a restaurant and their bill is $21.65. Amar gives

the cashier a coupon for $6 off their bill, and also hands the cashier two bills. If he receives $4.35 in change, what were the denominations of the two bills he gave the cashier?

3.

AGE Justine is 13 years younger than her uncle Stewart. Stewart is 18 years older than Justines sister, Julia. Julia's mother is 8 year older than Stewart, and 28 years older than her youngest child, Jared. If Jared is 12 years old, how old is Justine?

4.

5.

COMPACT DISCS Carmella borrowed half as many CDs from the library as her friend

Ariel. Ariel borrowed 2 more than Juan, but four less than Sierra. Sierra borrowed 12 CDs. How many did each person borrow?

6.

TIME Ashish needs to leave for the bus stop 15 minutes earlier than his friend Rami.

Rami leaves five minutes later than Susan, but 10 minutes earlier than Raphael. If Raphael leaves for the bus stop at 8:15, what time does Ashish need to leave?

Chapter 3

22

Course 2

3-5

Skills Practice

Solving Two-Step Equations

3. 3w 5 23

4. 8n 1 25

5. 4t 2 14

6. 7k 3 32

7. 8x 1 63

8. 2x 5 15

9. 3 6v 45

10. 9 4b 17

11. 2p 14 0

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

12. 3y 10 2

13. 3w 5 2

14. 8x 7 9

15. 5d 1 11

16. 4d 35 3

17. 11x 24 2

18. 15a 54 9

19. 3g 49 7

20. 2x 4 8

23. 5b 24 1

24. 6x 4 2

Chapter 3

23

Course 2

Lesson 3-5

21. 9d 1 17

22. 4f 1 13

3-6

1.

Skills Practice

Measurement: Perimeter and Area

38 cm 9m 8 cm 9m

3.

10 yd

4.

92 in.

18 in.

9 yd

9 yd

10 yd

5 yd 20 cm 15 yd 20 cm

6.

7.

6m

8.

30

1 12. 10 cm, w 4 cm 2 1 3 14. 7 mm, w 6 mm 2 8

Chapter 3

24

Course 2

cm

15 cm

3-7

Skills Practice

Functions and Graphs

Lesson 3-7

y

8. y x 4

y

9. y 3x

y

10. y 2x

y

11. y 2x 2

y

12. y 3x 2

y

13. y 0.75x

y

14. y 0.5x 1

y

15. y 2x 0.5

y

Chapter 3

25

Course 2

4-1

1. 36

Skills Practice

Prime Factorization

4. 27

5. 37

6. 61

7. 32

8. 21

9. 40

Find the prime factorization of each number. 10. 425 11. 82 12. 93

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

13. 142

14. 45

15. 56

16. 63

17. 236

18. 12

19. 110

20. 46

21. 84

Chapter 4

26

Course 2

4-2

1. 14, 20

Skills Practice

Greatest Common Factor

3. 8, 18

4. 24, 36

7. 32, 80

8. 90, 120

9. 45, 30

10. 12, 62

11. 15, 27

12. 21, 28

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

20. 9, 25, 49

Find the GCF of each set of algebraic expressions. 21. 21ab, 14b 22. 20a2, 36a

Chapter 4

27

Course 2

Lesson 4-2

5. 72, 22

6. 77, 15

4-3

Skills Practice

Problem-Solving Investigation: Make An Organized List

Solve by making an organized list. 1. BAKING Virginia and Robert have 1 dozen of each of the following types of cookies: chocolate chip, oatmeal raisin, snickerdoodles, and shortbread. If they want to divide the cookies into packages of two dozen, with one dozen of each of two types of cookie per package, how many different ways can they group the cookies?

2. NUMBER THEORY How many different two-digit numbers can be made using the digits 2, 9, 6, and 3?

3. FOOD Takanae is ordering lunch at a deli and is trying to decide what she would like on her sandwich. She has her choice of turkey, ham, or roast beef and a choice of cheddar, swiss, or muenster cheese. How many combinations of sandwich could she choose assuming that each sandwich has one type of meat and one type of cheese?

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

4. TELEPHONES How many phone numbers are possible for one area code if the first four numbers are 202-1, in that order, and the last three numbers are 1-7-8 in any order?

5. CLOTHES Sheila has four different shirts and two skirts with her on a business trip. How many different outfits can she create?

6. SPORTS Juan and Andrew are planning the schedule for a softball tournament. If there are 6 teams, how many different pairings could they make for the first tournament game?

Chapter 4

28

Course 2

4-4

Skills Practice

Simplifying Fractions

49 1. 70 5 2. 30 6 3. 14

14 4. 28

72 5. 72

18 6. 21

45 7. 75

50 8. 200

32 9. 50

56 10. 64

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

14 11. 35

39 12. 45

48 13. 66

42 14. 45

78 15. 130

3 16. 4 7 17. 9 7 18. 11

14 19. 17

21 20. 23

11 21. 17

Chapter 4

29

Course 2

Lesson 4-4

4-5

Skills Practice

Fractions and Decimals

Write each repeating decimal using bar notation. 1. 0.7353535... 2. 0.424242... 3. 5.126126126...

Write each fraction or mixed number as a decimal. Use bar notation if the decimal is a repeating decimal.

3 4. 5 19 5. 20 4 6. 3 5

23 7. 50

5 8. 1 8

19 9. 25

17 10. 4 37

3 11. 5 11

17 12.

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

24

7 13. 6 32

9 14. 7 22

17 15. 1 48

Write each decimal as a fraction in simplest form. 16. 0.8 17. 0.52 18. 0.92

19. 0.48

20. 0.86

21. 0.76

Chapter 4

30

Course 2

4-6

Skills Practice

Fractions and Percents

39 4. 100

6. 51 out of 100

7 7. 10 6 8. 50 13 9. 20

30 10. 50

7 11. 20

12 12. 20

Write each percent as a fraction in simplest form. 16. 15% 17. 85% 18. 1%

19. 70%

20. 25%

21. 19%

22. 33%

23. 22%

24. 95%

Chapter 4

31

Course 2

Lesson 4-6

23 13. 25

3 14. 10

17 15. 50

4-7

Skills Practice

Percents and Decimals

Write each percent as a decimal. 1. 5% 3. 21% 5. 7% 7. 16% 9. 27.3% 11. 91.5% 13. 14.4% 15. 7.5% Write each decimal as a percent. 17. 0.06 19. 0.5 21. 0.14 23. 0.54 25. 0.192 27. 0.911 29. 0.4165 31. 0.7601 18. 0.13 20. 0.74 22. 0.92 24. 0.66 26. 0.295 28. 0.247 30. 0.2199 32. 0.4833 2. 20% 4. 83% 6. 56% 8. 45% 10. 14.9% 12. 29.3% 14. 80%

1 16. 10 % 2

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Chapter 4

32

Course 2

4-8

Skills Practice

Least Common Multiple

3. 10, 11

4. 10, 12

5. 9, 18

6. 4, 22

7. 12, 30

8. 4, 13

9. 25, 30

10. 250, 30

11. 200, 18

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

12. 70, 90

13. 18, 54

14. 30, 65

16. 20, 55

17. 21, 60

18. 3, 5, 10

19. 3, 4, 13

20. 4, 10, 12

21. 6, 15, 20

Chapter 4

33

Course 2

Lesson 4-8

4-9

4 3 1. , 7 5

Skills Practice

Comparing and Ordering Rational Numbers

5 7 2. , 12 24 6 3 3. , 28 7

7 1 4. , 15 4

7 3 5. , 11 5

5 7 6. , 17 8

5 7 7. , 12 10

15 1 8. , 16 4

5 3 9. , 8 5

3 2 10. 10 9 5 3 11. 7 11 9 3 12. 12 4

12 14 13. 13 15

4 5 14. 5 4

17 13 15. 30 20

35 49 16. 60 84

4 7 17. 3 3 11 20

2 9 18. 1 3 7

9 19. 0.48, 0.46, 20 7 20. 0.99, 0.89, 8 1 21. , 0.2, 0.4 4

Determine whether each number is rational. Write yes or no. 22. 2.323323332...

7 23. 19

24. 4.3

Chapter 4

34

Course 2

5-1

Estimate.

2 4 1. 5 11

Skills Practice

Estimating with Fractions

4 1 2. 7 5 7 1 3. 9 5

9 1 4. 10 23

9 3 5. 5 11

4 4 6. 5 9

1 9 7. 5 7 7 11

10 1 8. 3 2 11 6

1 1 9. 5 4 7

3 1 10. 8 2 7 2

9 1 11. 2 6 8 10

1 1 12. 10 3 8 4

4 8 13. 5 9

6 10 14. 7 11

1 6 15. 3 2 7 10

1 8 16. 16 3 3 9

3 1 17. 31 2 4 8

4 1 18. 3 1 5 4

6 19. 12 2 7

1 7 20. 44 3 5 8

1 1 21. 10 4 7 3

9 1 22. 5 6 8 11

3 4 23. 4 12 5

1 1 24. 2 3 2 3

Chapter 5

35

Course 2

Lesson 5-1

5-2

3 3 1. 8 8

Skills Practice

Adding and Subtracting Fractions

7 5 2. 10 10 9 3 3. 10 10

4 2 4. 7 7

2 2 5. 3 3

5 2 6. 9 9

8 1 7. 15 5

5 5 8. 6 12

3 3 9. 5 10

7 3 10. 16 8

3 19 11. 20 10

5 7 12. 9 9

1 4 13. 9 12

2 3 14. 3 7

3 1 15. 4 7

7 2 16. 8 3

8 5 17. 9 6

5 3 18. 12 10

7 2 19. 9 3

4 3 20. 5 11

11 1 21. 12 4

22. a b

23. a b

9 24. a 10

Chapter 5

36

Course 2

5-3

Skills Practice

Adding and Subtracting Mixed Numbers

Lesson 5-3

Course 2

2 1 1. 3 2 7 7 1 1 2. 7 7 3 3 3 1 3. 9 2 5 5

3 1 4. 7 5 4 4

1 1 5. 3 5 4 4

3 3 6. 6 5 4 4

1 3 7. 12 9 8 8

2 1 8. 5 2 3 3

3 2 9. 14 9 5 5

1 1 10. 5 3 2 4

1 1 11. 2 6 3 6

1 1 12. 6 6 3 4

5 2 13. 7 2 6 3

7 1 14. 6 5 10 4

3 1 15. 12 9 8 3

13 1 16. 12 4 15 9

2 1 17. 15 7 3 5

7 3 18. 4 2 12 16

3 2 19. 8 3 4 5

1 5 20. 12 8 3 9

2 21. 8 3 5

7 7 22. 7 6 9 8

7 7 23. 7 6 9 8

3 11 24. 10 7 8 12

Chapter 5

37

5-4

Skills Practice

Problem-Solving Investigation: Eliminate Possibilities

Eliminate possibilities to solve. 1. CELL PHONES Justin has a cell phone plan that costs $25 per month plus $0.05 per minute for each minute he talks. How much will it cost Justin for the month of March if he talked for 120 minutes? A $25 C $31 B $25.05 D $22

2. PUPPIES A puppy gains weight at a rate of 1.5 pounds every two weeks for the first 6 months after it is born. If Sams puppy weighs 6 pounds right now, how much will it weigh six weeks from now? F 6 pounds H 15 pounds G 10.5 pounds J 13 pounds

3. RECIPES Ryan needs 3 cups of flour for the cookie recipe she is baking. She has already added 2 cups of flour. How much more flour does she need to add? 1 A 2 cups 2 B 1 cup C 3 cups

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

1 4

1 2

1 4 3 D cup 4

4. HOMEWORK Jordan does 30 minutes of homework per day. How many hours of homework does she do in one week? 1 1 F 3 hours H hour 2 2 G 2 hours J 3 hours

5. FENCING A rectangular garden is surrounded by a fence. The length of the garden is 3 feet and the width of the garden is 1 feet. How much fencing must be used to surround the garden? A 5 feet C 10 feet B 3 feet

1 2 1 2 1 2

D 1 feet

1 2

6. PARTIES The 6th grade class is renting the pool at the recreation center for a holiday party. It costs $75 plus $1.50 per person to rent the pool. How much will it cost to rent the pool if 120 people plan on attending ? F $76.50 H $255 G $195 J $120

Chapter 5

38

Course 2

5-5

Skills Practice

Multiplying Fractions and Mixed Numbers

1 4 1. 2 5 1 3 2. 9 5 3 15 3. 24 20

1 1 4. 7 5

5 14 5. 7 15

9 5 6. 10 9

4 3 7. 11 8

2 7 8. 3 9

9 26 9. 13 27

4 10. 5 9

2 11. 7 7

4 1 12. 2 5 3

1 1 13. 4 2 3

3 14. 5 12 4

3 15. 14 2 7

3 3 16. 2 1 5 7

4 4 17. 1 2 9 7

5 3 18. 5 6 6 8

7 1 19. 10 4 9 4

7 3 20. 9 7 9 4

3 4 21. 3 2 4 7

Chapter 5

39

Course 2

Lesson 5-5

5-6

3 1. 7

Skills Practice

Algebra: Solving Equations

4 2. 11 7 3. 2

9 4. 5

5. 5

1 6. 6 3

1 7. 4 9

1 8. 17 2

2 9. 15 3

x 10. 3 10 m 11. 7 4 a 12. 11 5

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

13. 8 t

5

3 14. c 12 4

w 15. 7 6

3 16. y 6 5

3 17. 15 b 7

6 18. c 18 7

7 2 19. x 3 3

11 3 20. h 12 4

9 3 21. y 14 7

m 22. 5 2.6

n 23. 0.6 5

Chapter 5

40

Course 2

5-7

Skills Practice

Dividing Fractions and Mixed Numbers

1 1 1. 6 5 3 2. 5 5 6 1 3. 7 7

3 1 4. 4 2

1 5. 8 3

1 1 6. 5 4

3 7. 7 7

4 8 8. 7 9

1 9. 8 5 3

3 9 10. 7 14

3 12 11. 5 10

3 12. 5 3 4

4 13. 6 17 5

1 14. 7 4 3

3 1 15. 5 4 2

2 13 16. 1 7 14

3 1 17. 6 8 4

1 5 18. 7 2 2 6

4 1 19. 3 2 9 3

2 1 20. 2 1 3 6

3 1 21. 4 2 4 2

Chapter 5

41

Course 2

Lesson 5-7

6-1

Skills Practice

Ratios

3. 4:22

4. 7:21

5. 18:12

6. 20 to 9

7. 25 to 20

8. 4:10

9. 18:21

10. 84 to 16

3 9 19. and 16 48 7 8 20. and 10 11

Chapter 6

42

Course 2

6-2

Skills Practice

Rates

Find each unit rate. Round to the nearest hundredth if necessary. 1. $112 in 8 hours 2. 150 miles in 6 gallons

3. 49 points in 7 games

6. 3 accidents in 12 months

7. 6 eggs in 7 days

8. 8 batteries in 3 months

Choose the better unit price. 23. $4.99 for 6 cans or $7.99 for 10 cans 24. $21.50 for 4 pounds of lunch meat or $15.10 for 3 pounds of lunch meat

Chapter 6

43

Course 2

Lesson 6-2

6-3

Skills Practice

Rate of Change and Slope

Find the rate of change for each table. 1. Time spent Mowing (in hours) 1 3 5 7 Money Earned (in dollars) 10 30 50 70 2. Time (in hours) 9:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 Temperature (in degrees) 60 62 64 66

3. Number of Students 10 15 20 25

4. Number of Trees Number of Apples Number of Magazines Sold 5 100 100 10 200 150 15 300 200 20 400 250

Number of Volunteers 5 10 15 20

Miles Driven

0 50 100 150

85 80 75 70 65 60 55 50 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Temperature Change

8.

40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

Meat

Pound of Meat

Hours

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Number of People

Chapter 6

44

Course 2

5.

Temperature

6-4

Complete.

Skills Practice

Measurement: Changing Customary Units

1. 3 lb ___________ oz

2. 16 qt ___________ gal

3. 24 in. ___________ ft

4. 12 ft ___________ yd

5. 3 mi ___________ ft

6. 12,000 lb ___________ T

7. 64 oz ___________ lb

8. 6 pt ___________ qt

9. 3 pt ___________ c

11. 22 yd ___________ ft

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

1 12. mi ___________ ft 4

13. 15 T ___________ lb

14. 7 lb ___________ oz

1 15. 8 qt ___________ pt 2

17. 8 c ___________ pt

18. 16 in ___________ ft

19. 24 fl oz ___________ c

20. 60 ft ___________ yd

23. 88 oz ___________ lb

Chapter 6

45

Course 2

Lesson 6-4

6-5

Complete.

Skills Practice

Measurement: Changing Metric Units

1. 660 m ____ km

2. 5.7 m ____ cm

3. 543 mL ____ L

4. 23.7 g ____ mg

5. 529 mg ____ g

6. 2,640 mL ____ L

7. 4.32 kL ____ L

8. 75.4 mg ____ g

9. 8,300 mg ____ g

18. 89 km ____ m

22. 95 g ____ mg

24. 56 L ____ kL

Chapter 6

46

Course 2

6-6

Skills Practice

Algebra: Solving Proportions

9 27 1. 5 15 16 24 2. 10 15

6 9 3. 18 25

42 28 4. 63 42

11 13 5. 8 10

22 12 6. 33 18

14 29 7. 17 35

36 30 8. 22 19

32 10 9. 48 15

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

8 oz

6 oz

a 24 13. 13 26 3 18 14. x 36

3 5 15. u 15

2.8 7 17. 4 q

300 18 20. 24 j

4.2 8 21. t 5

8 120 22. 75 m

Chapter 6

47

Course 2

Lesson 6-6

6-7

Skills Practice

Problem-Solving Investigation: Draw a Diagram

Draw a diagram to solve. 1. HOMEWORK Shantel is studying for her history test. After 20 minutes, 1 she is of the way done. How much longer will she study?

4

3 2. RECIPES Damon is making muffins. He has added of the ingredients. If 4 he has added 6 ingredients, how many more does he have to add to be finished?

3. TRAVEL The Smithsons are going to Dallas, TX on vacation. They have 1 traveled of the total distance. If they have traveled 126 miles, how far 3 is it from their house to Dallas?

4. PHYSICS A ball is dropped from 256 feet above the ground. It bounces up 1 as high as it fell. This is true for each successive bounce. What height 4 will the ball reach on the third bounce?

5. SCHOOL Mrs. Wright says that of her class has arrived for the day. If 3 10 students have arrived, how many students are in her class?

6. TRAVEL Jeremy walked of the way to school, ran of the way to school, 4 4 then rode with his best friend the rest of the way. If he walked 1.5 miles, how far did he ride with his friend?

Chapter 6

48

Course 2

6-8

Skills Practice

Scale Drawings

Lesson 6-8

Course 2

ARCHITECTURE The scale on a set of architectural drawings for a house 1 1 is inch 1 feet. Find the length of each part of the house. 2 2

Room 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Living Room Dining Room Kitchen Laundry Room Basement Garage

1 5 inches 2 4 1 3 inches

Actual Length

10 inches

1 8 inches 3

ARCHITECTURE As part of a city building refurbishment project, architects have constructed a scale model of several city buildings to present to the city commission for approval. The scale of the model is 1 inch 9 feet.

1 7. The courthouse is the tallest building in the city. If it is 7 inches tall in 2

8. The city commission would like to install new flagpoles that are each 45 feet tall. How tall are the flagpoles in the model?

9. In the model, two of the flagpoles are 4 inches apart. How far apart will they be when they are installed?

10. The model includes a new park in the center of the city. If the dimensions of the park in the model are 9 inches by 17 inches, what are the actual dimensions of the park?

Chapter 6

49

6-9

Skills Practice

Fractions, Decimals, and Percents

4. 87.5%

1 5. 31 % 4

6. 17.5%

3 7. 18 % 4

3 8. 68 % 4

9. 7.5%

10. 130%

11. 0.5%

12. 0.02%

3 13. 5 3 14. 8 2 15. 18

3 16. 16

7 17. 9

21 18. 50

1 19. 3

40 20. 42

7 21. 16

22.

17 10

23.

1 500

24.

26 25

Chapter 6

50

Course 2

7-1

Skills Practice

Percent of a Number

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Chapter 7

51

Course 2

Lesson 7-1

7-2

Skills Practice

The Percent Proportion

Find each number. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. 1. 50 is 20% of what number? 2. What percent of 20 is 4?

4. 10 is 5% of what number?

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Chapter 7

52

Course 2

7-3

Skills Practice

Percent and Estimation

3. 32.9% of 90

4. 23% of 8

5. 19% of 45

6. 81% of 16

9. 31% of 80

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

10. 28% of 49

11. 62% of 13

12. 77% of 28

15. 153% of 20

16. 0.6% of 41

17. 231% of 54

19. 0.26% of 36

Chapter 7

53

Course 2

Lesson 7-3

7. 12% of 98

8. 89% of 300

7-4

Skills Practice

Algebra: The Percent Equation

Write an equation for each problem. Then solve. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. 1. 25% of 176 is what number? 2. What is 90% of 20?

9. 2% of what number is 5?

Chapter 7

54

Course 2

7-5

Skills Practice

Problem-Solving Investigation: Determine Reasonable Answers

Determine reasonable answers for each. 1. MONEY Gillian and Roger have lunch at a restaurant and Gillian needs to determine how much tip to leave based on their bill. If their bill was $21.87 and Gillian wants to leave a 15% tip, what is a reasonable estimate for how much she should leave?

2. SPORTS Of the 82,000 fans that attended a bowl game between Ohio State and Notre Dame, 60% were Ohio State fans. About how many fans at the game were for Notre Dame?

3. ICE CREAM A survey of 1,950 people found that 39% preferred chocolate ice cream to vanilla. About how many people preferred chocolate ice cream according to the survey?

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

5. COLLEGE Of 7,450 first-year college students interviewed, 72% had changed their major area of study since the beginning of the academic year. About how many students had kept the same major?

6. MONEY While shopping, Hilary spent $149. If the amount she spent was 20% of her savings, how much savings did she have before she shopped?

Chapter 7

55

Course 2

Lesson 7-5

4. EARTH The surface area of Earth is approximately 70% water. If the surface area is about 510,000,000 square kilometers, about how many square kilometers are water?

7-6

Skills Practice

Percent of Change

Find each percent of change. Round to the nearest whole percent if necessary. State whether the percent of change is an increase or decrease. 1. original: 35 new: 70 2. original: 8 new: 12 3. original: 45 new: 30

8. original: 35 new: 28

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Chapter 7

56

Course 2

7-7

Skills Practice

Sales Tax and Discount

Find the total cost or sale price to the nearest cent. 1. $49.95 CD player; 5% discount 2. $69 shoes; 6% sales tax

Find the percent of discount to the nearest percent. 13. boots: regular price, $89 sale price, $62.50 14. video game: regular price, $14.99 sale price, $12.64

19. dinner for two: regular price, $75 sale price, $70

Chapter 7

57

Course 2

Lesson 7-7

7-8

Skills Practice

Simple Interest

Find the interest earned to the nearest cent for each principal, interest rate, and time. 1. $500, 4%, 2 years 2. $350, 6.2%, 3 years

Find the interest paid to the nearest cent for each loan balance, interest rate, and time. 9. $800, 9%, 4 years 10. $280, 5.5%, 4 years

Chapter 7

58

Course 2

8-1

Skills Practice

Line Plots

Number of Fish 3 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 0 3 2 3 1 1 3 2 0 4 0 7

For Exercises 13, use the data at the right that shows the number of fish each person caught on a fishing trip. 1. Make a line plot of the data.

2. What is the range of the data? 3. Identify any clusters, gaps, or outliers and analyze the data by describing what these values represent.

Make a line plot for each set of data. Identify any clusters, gaps, or outliers. 4. Test Scores 83 84 92 91 82 81 80 94 85 95 96 84 94 98 93 90 5. Rainfall (in.) 3 2 4 3 1 8 7 3 2 9 4 0

For Exercises 68, use the line plot at the right. 6. What is the range of the data? 7. What number occurred most often? 8. Identify any clusters, gaps, or outliers.

2 4 6

8 10 12 14 16 18

Chapter 8

59

Course 2

Lesson 8-1

8-2

Skills Practice

Measures of Central Tendency and Range

Find the mean, median, and mode for each set of data. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. 1. 5, 9, 6, 6, 11, 8, 4 2. 1, 3, 5, 2, 4, 8, 4, 7, 2

3. 1, 9, 4, 7, 5, 3, 16, 11

4. 3, 4, 4, 4, 4, 3, 6

5. 3, 7, 2, 5, 5, 6, 5, 10, 11, 5

6. 19, 17, 24, 11, 19, 25, 15, 15, 19, 16, 16

7. 5, 8, 9, 9, 12, 6, 4

8. 3, 4, 9, 7, 6, 6, 2

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

9.

7 8

10.

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

11.

12.

14 15 16 17 18 19 20

17 18 19 20 21 22 23

Chapter 8

60

Course 2

8-3

Skills Practice

Stem-and-Leaf Plots

Lesson 8-3

Make a stem-and-leaf plot for each set of data. 1. 23, 36, 25, 13, 24, 25, 32, 33, 17, 26, 24 2. 3, 4, 6, 17, 12, 5, 17, 4, 26, 17, 18, 21, 16, 15, 20

3. 26, 27, 23, 23, 24, 26, 31, 45, 33, 32, 41 40, 21, 20

HOT DOGS For Exercises 57, use the stemCopyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Stem 0 1 2

Leaf 8 8 9 1 2 2 4 7 7 7 1 1 2 2|1 21

and-leaf plot at the right that shows the number of hot dogs eaten during a contest. 5. How many hot dogs are represented on the stem-and-leaf plot? 6. What is the range of the number of hot dogs eaten? 7. Find the median and mode of the data.

Determine the mean, median, and mode of the data shown in each stem-and-leaf plot. 8. Stem 0 1 2 Leaf 1 2 2 3 3 4 5 5 0 0 0 1 3 2|0 20 9. Stem 2 3 4 Leaf 0 0 0 2 3 5 7 1 2 0 4|0 40

10. Stem 22 23 24

11. Stem 0 1 2

Leaf 1 3 3 4 7 2 2 2 4 5 6 0 0 0 1 2|0 20

Chapter 8

61

Course 2

8-4

Skills Practice

Bar Graphs and Histograms

Zoo Species Los Angeles 350 Lincoln Park 290 Cincinnati 700 Bronx 530 Oklahoma City 600

ZOOS For Exercises 1 and 2, use the table. It shows the number of species at several zoological parks.

Animal Species in Zoos

ZOOS For Exercises 3 and 4, use the table at the right. It shows the number of species at 37 major U.S. public zoological parks.

HEALTH For Exercises 5 and 6, use the graph at Calories in One Day

the right.

Calories Consumed

6. Determine whether the graph is a bar graph or a histogram. Explain how you know.

Clara

Drew

Bly

Akira

Chapter 8

62

Course 2

3. Make a histogram of the data. Use intervals of 101200, 201300, 301400, 401500, 501600, 601700, and 701800 for the horizontal axis.

Number of Species 200 700 290 600 681 300 643 350 794 400 360 600 134 200 800 305 384 500 330 250 530 715 303 200 475 465 340 347 300 708 184 800 375 350 450 337 221

8-5

Skills Practice

Problem-Solving Investigation: Use A Graph

Rate of Crickets Chirping

190 180 170 160 150 140 130 120 110 0 70 74

Use a graph to solve the problem. For Exercises 13, refer to the graph. 1. Estimate the temperature at which the rate of chirping is 130 per minute.

Number of Chirps per Minute

Temperature (F)

78

82

86

90

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Mon. Tue. Wed. Thu. Fri. Sat.

4. How many students consider Friday their favorite day of the week?

Sun.

0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20

Chapter 8

63

Course 2

Lesson 6-5

8-6

Skills Practice

Using Graphs to Predict

Determine whether each data set shows a positive, a negative, or no relationship. Then describe the relationship between the data sets. 1.

y

Carolyn's Income

y

Income ($)

Age

Time (min.)

Number of Students

y

4.

Number of Chirps per minute

Crickets Chirping

y

Gas Mileage

Speed

Temperature

5.

y

Josephs Pets

Number of Pets

y

Age

Age

Chapter 8

64

Course 2

Physical Activity

8-7

Skills Practice

Using Data to Predict

Frequency of Use more than twice a week once or twice a week once or twice a month less than once a month never used one Percent 32% 16% 23% 12% 17%

13, use the table at the right. It shows the results of a survey in which students 12 to 17 years old were asked how often they use a cell phone.

1. Out of 215 students 12 to 17 years old, how many would you predict use a cell phone once or twice a week? 2. Predict how many students 12 to 17 years old in a group of 375 have never used a cell phone.

PIZZA For Exercises 46, use the table at the right. It shows the results of a survey in which a random sample of seventh graders at Kiewit Middle School were asked to name their favorite pizza topping.

4. There are 32 students in Mrs. Chens seventh grade class. Predict how many would choose olives as their favorite topping.

5. There are 210 seventh grade students eating lunch in the cafeteria. How many of them would choose peppers as their favorite topping?

6. Predict how many of the 524 seventh graders at Kiewit Middle School would choose pepperoni as their favorite pizza topping.

7. BACKPACKS A survey showed that 78% of students who take a bus to school carry a backpack. Predict how many of the 654 students who take a bus also carry a backpack.

Chapter 8

65

Course 2

Lesson 8-7

3. How many students 12 to 17 years old out of 1,200 would you expect use a cell phone at least once or twice a week?

8-8

Skills Practice

Using Sampling to Predict

Each word in the box is a vocabulary word from lesson 8-8. Use the words to complete the sentences below. Not all of the words will be used.

unbiased biased samping voluntary response sample simple random sample convenience sample valid

1. A is when members of the population are selected because they are easily accessed. 2. The survey is considered entire population is represented. 3. It is called a population has an equal chance to be selected. when the

4. If only some members of the population choose to participate in a survey then it should be called a 5. A sample would be considered or more parts of he population are favored. 6. A conclusion can only be considered when the information comes from an unbiased sample. . if one

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Chapter 8

66

Course 2

8-9

Skills Practice

Misleading Statistics

1. INCOME The bar graphs below show the total U.S. national income (nonfarm). Which graph could be misleading? Explain.

Graph A U.S. Nonfarm Income

Income in Billions of Current Dollars

700

600 500 400 300 200 100 0 '60 '70 '80 '90 '00

'70

'80

'90

'00

Year

Year

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Miles of Shoreline State Virginia Maryland Washington North Carolina Pennsylvania Length of Shoreline (mi)

3. Which measure of central tendency is misleading in describing the miles of shoreline for the states? Explain.

Chapter 8

67

Course 2

Lesson 8-9

3,315

9-1

Skills Practice

Simple Events

A set of 12 cards is numbered 1, 2, 3, 12. Suppose you pick a card at random without looking. Find the probability of each event. Write as a fraction in simplest form. 1. P(5) 2. P(6 or 8)

3. P(a multiple of 3)

5. P(a multiple of 4)

8. P(not a multiple of 4)

9. P(1, 3, or 11)

11. P(steak)

12. P(spaghetti)

15. P(pizza)

19. P(chicken)

Chapter 9

68

Course 2

The students at Jobs high school were surveyed to determine their favorite foods. The results are shown in the table at the right. Suppose students were randomly selected and asked what their favorite food is. Find the probability of each event. Write as a fraction in simplest form.

Responses 19 8 5 4 3 1

9-2

Skills Practice

Sample Spaces

The spinner at the right is spun twice. 1. Draw a tree diagram to represent the situation. 2. What is the probability of getting at least one A? C A

For each situation, make a tree diagram or table to show the sample space. Then give the total number of outcomes. 3. choosing a hamburger or hot dog and potato salad or macaroni salad

4. choosing a vowel from the word COMPUTER and a consonant from the word BOOK

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

5. choosing between the numbers 1, 2 or 3, and the colors blue, red, or green

Chapter 9

69

Course 2

Lesson 9-2

9-3

Skills Practice

The Fundamental Counting Principle

Use the Fundamental Counting Principle to find the total number of outcomes in each situation. 1. rolling two number cubes and tossing one coin

3. making a sandwich with ham, turkey, or roast beef; Swiss or provolone cheese; and mustard or mayonaise

4. tossing 4 coins

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

7. choosing from 35 flavors of ice cream; one, two, or three scoops; and sugar or waffle cone

11. choosing a bicycle with or without shock absorbers; with or without lights; and 5 color choices

Chapter 9

70

Course 2

9-4

1. 2!

Skills Practice

Permutations

3. 3! 5!

4. nine factorial

5. 2! 8!

6. 3! 2!

7. 11 10 9

8. 10!

9. 5! 2!

10. 5 4 3 2

11. 8! 6!

12. 6! 4!

13. How many ways can you arrange the letters in the word PRIME?

14. How many ways can you arrange 8 different crates on a shelf if they are placed from left to right?

Chapter 9

71

Course 2

Lesson 9-4

9-5

Skills Practice

Combinations

Tell whether each situation represents a permutation or combination. Then solve the problem. 1. You are allowed to omit two out of 12 questions on a quiz. How many ways can you select the questions to omit?

2. Six students are to be chosen from a class of 18 to represent the class at a math contest. How many ways can the six students be chosen?

3. How many different 5-digit zip codes are possible if no digits are repeated?

4. In a race with six runners, how many ways can the runners finish first, second, or third?

5. How many ways can two names be chosen from 76 in a raffle if only one entry per person is allowed?

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

7. A family has a bike rack that fits seven bikes but they only have five bikes. How many ways can the bikes fit in the bike rack?

8. How many ways can you select three sheriff deputies from eight candidates?

10. How many 4-digit pin numbers are available if no number is repeated?

11. How many handshakes can occur between five people if everyone shakes hands?

Chapter 9

72

Course 2

9-6

Skills Practice

Problem-Solving Investigation: Act it Out

Lesson 9-6

Course 2

Use the act it out strategy to solve. 1. SCHOOL Determine whether rolling a 6-sided number cube is a good way to answer a 20-question multiple-choice test if there are six choices for each question. Justify your answer.

2. GYMNASTICS Five gymnasts are entered in a competition. Assuming that there are no ties, how many ways can first, second, and third places be awarded?

3. LUNCH How many ways can 3 friends sit together in three seats at lunch?

4. SCHEDULE How many different schedules can Sheila create if she has to take English, math, science, social studies, and art next semester. Assume that there is only one lunch period available.

5. BAND CONCERTS The band is having a holiday concert. In the first row, the first trumpet is always furthest to the right and the first trombone is always the furthest to the left. How many ways are there to arrange the other 4 people who need to sit in the front?

6. TEAMS Mr. D is picking teams for volleyball is gym by having the students count off by 2s. The 1s will be on one team and the 2s on the other. Would flipping a coin would work just as well to pick the teams? Justify your answer.

Chapter 9

73

9-7

Skills Practice

Theoretical and Experimental Probability

For Exercises 15, a number cube is rolled 50 times and the results are shown in the graph below.

14 12

12 10 8 6 9 5

Number of Rolls

10 8 6 4 2 0 1

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

5. Find the experimental probability of rolling a 1. For Exercises 69, use the results of the survey at the right. 6. What is the probability that a persons favorite season is fall? Write the probability as a fraction.

Spring Summer Fall Winter 13% 10% 25%

13% 39%

7. Out of 300 people, how many would you expect to say that fall is their favorite season?

8. Out of 20 people, how many would you expect to say that they like all the seasons?

9. Out of 650 people, how many more would you expect to say that they like summer than say that they like winter?

Chapter 9

74

Course 2

9-8

Skills Practice

Compound Events

1. Four coins are tossed. What is the probability of tossing all heads?

2. One letter is randomly selected from the word PRIME and one letter is randomly selected from the word MATH. What is the probability that both letters selected are vowels?

3. A card is chosen at random from a deck of 52 cards. It is then replaced and a second card is chosen. What is the probability of getting a jack and then an eight?

For Exercises 46, use the information below. A standard deck of playing cards contains 52 cards in four suits of 13 cards each. Two suits are red and two suits are black. Find each probability. Assume the first card is replaced before the second card is drawn.

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

4. P(black, queen)

5. P(black, diamond)

6. P(jack, queen)

7. What is the probability of spinning a number greater than 5 on a spinner numbered 1 to 8 and tossing a tail on a coin?

8. Two cards are chosen at random from a standard deck of cards with replacement. What is the probability of getting 2 aces?

9. A CD rack has 8 classical CDs, 5 pop CDs, and 3 rock CDs. One CD is chosen and replaced, then a second CD is chosen. What is the probability of choosing a rock CD then a classical CD?

10. A jar holds 15 red pencils and 10 blue pencils. What is the probability of drawing one red pencil from the jar?

Chapter 9

75

Course 2

Lesson 9-8

Angle Relationships

Classify each angle as acute, obtuse, right, or straight. 1. 2. 3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

Use the figure at the right to answer Questions 1315. 13. Name the acute angles.

K L M

Chapter 10

76

Course 2

10-2

1.

x

Skills Practice

Complementary and Supplementary Angles

x

127 42

3.

25

4.

42

5.

85

6.

x

10

7.

x

45 65

8.

43 43

9.

x

24

Use the figure at the right to answer Questions 1013. 10. Find mHJL.

K L

90 60 30

H

Chapter 10

77

Course 2

Lesson 10-2

Statistics: Display Data in a Circle Graph

For each table, find the number of degrees in each section of a circle graph. Then make a circle graph of the data. 1. United States Energy Usage Category Commercial and Industrial Residential Transportation Other Percent 52% 20% 27% 1% Dad Brother/Sister Grandparent/Other 2. Family Members Students Confide In Family Member Mom Percent 52% 17% 16% 15%

3.

Successful Space Launches Country India United States European Space Agency China Number 2 23 7 1

4.

United States Coastline Coast Coast Atlantic Pacific Gulf Arctic Length (miles) Length (mi) 2,100 2,100 7,600 7,600 1,600 1,600 1,100 1,100

Chapter 10

78

Course 2

10-4

Skills Practice

Triangles

Find the missing measure in each triangle. Then classify the triangle as acute, right, or obtuse. 1.

x

81 84

2.

36 24

3.

x x

49

4.

x

38

38

5.

65

6.

71

45

7.

51 57

8.

x

126 22

9.

50

x

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

37 114 40

11.

12.

50

13.

60

60

14.

15.

121 40

19

60

16.

17.

82 46 98 52

18.

27

Chapter 10

79

Course 2

Lesson 10-4

Problem-Solving Investigation: Use Logical Reasoning

Use logical reasoning to solve. 1. GEOMETRY Draw several squares and measure their interior angles. What can you conclude about the measures of the angles of a square? Did you use inductive or deductive reasoning?

2. MONEY Luke is investing money in a savings account. Use the formula I Prt where I is the amount of interest earned, P is the principal amount of money invested, r is the interest rate, and t is the length of time the money is invested. If Luke invests 500 at 5% interest for 1 year, how much interest will he earn? Did you use inductive or deductive reasoning?

3. PATTERNS Write a rule to represent the pattern shown below. Did you use inductive or deductive reasoning? 2, 4, 6, 8, 10,

4. STUDENT COUNCIL Chen, Sue and Jacob are president, vice president and secretary of the student council, not necessarily in that order. Chen and the vice president stayed after school with Jacob to plan a dance. Chen is not the president. Who is the president?

5. GEOMETRY Draw several parallelograms and measure their sides. What can you conclude about the measures of the opposite sides of a parallelogram? Did you use inductive or deductive reasoning?

6. TRAVEL Use the formula D rt where D is the distance, r is the rate, and t is the time to determine how far Lucinda traveled if she drove 65 miles per hour for 6 hours without stopping. Did you use inductive or deductive reasoning?

Chapter 10

80

Course 2

10-6

Skills Practice

Quadrilaterals

Classify the quadrilateral using the name that best describes it. 1. 2. 3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

x

52

11.

x

135 110 75

12. 89

92

64

13.

121 72

14.

99

109

15.

x

77

64

Chapter 10

81

Course 2

Lesson 10-6

Similar Figures

Find the value of x in each pair of similar figures. 1.

A

3 ft

2.

M

7m

N

3m

O

x

9m

4 ft

6 ft

F P R

3.

C

12 ft

4.

A

18 ft

B

7 cm 10 cm

C D

21 cm

A

14 ft

E

x

5.

P M

9 mm 6 mm

6.

20 in.

F B

x

15 in.

C

12 in.

O 4 mm N

A

9 cm

B

7 cm

18 cm

8.

E

24 m

14 cm

8m 15 m 40 m

C F

Chapter 10

82

Course 2

10-8

Skills Practice

Polygons and Tessellations

Determine whether each figure is a polygon. If it is, classify the polygon and state whether it is regular. If it is not a polygon, explain why. 1. 2. 3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

8.

9.

Find the measure of an angle in each polygon. 10. regular 15-gon 11. regular 18-gon 12. regular 24-gon

Classify the polygons that are used to create each tessellation. 13. 14.

15. What is the perimeter of a regular pentagon with sides 8.4 inches long?

Chapter 10

83

Course 2

Lesson 10-8

Translations

1. Translate ABC 5 units left.

y

y

C B

O x O x

R U

S T

y

y

E M N

F

O

O

O

5. 5 units down

y

y

Parallelogram RSTU has vertices R(1, 3), S(0, 1), T(4, 1), and U(3, 3). Find the vertices of RSTU after each translation. Then graph the figure and its translated image. 7. 3 units left, 3 units up

y

y

Chapter 10

84

Course 2

Triangle XYZ has vertices X(4, 5), Y(1, 3), and Z(2, 0). Find the vertices of XYZ after each translation. Then graph the figure and its translated image.

Reflections

Determine which figures have line symmetry. Then draw all lines of symmetry. 1. 2. 3.

4.

5.

6.

Graph the figure and its reflection over the x-axis. Then find the coordinates of the reflected image. 7. triangle ABC with vertices A(3, 4), B(1, 4), and C(3, 1) 8. rectangle MNOP with vertices M(2, 4), N(2, 1), O(3, 1), and P(3, 4)

y y

Graph the figure and its reflection over the y-axis. Then find the coordinates of the reflected image. 9. triangle DEF with vertices D(1, 4), E(4, 3), and F(2, 0)

y

10. trapezoid WXYZ with vertices W(1, 3), X(1, 4), Y(5, 4), and Z(3, 3)

y

Chapter 10

85

Course 2

Lesson 10-10

Area of Parallelograms

Find the area of each parallelogram. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. 1. base 5 ft height 12 ft 2. base 9 in. height 2 in.

2 4. base 4 yd 5

2 cm

7 in.

3 cm

4 in.

9.

15 mm

10.

9 ft 12 ft

11 mm

11.

2.3 cm

12.

20 in. 11 5 in.

4

2 cm

13.

4.3 mm 12 mm

14.

7 yd 24 ft

Chapter 11

86

Course 2

11-2

1.

10 cm

Skills Practice

Area of Triangles and Trapezoids

Find the area of each figure. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. 2.

2 ft 3 ft 9 cm

3.

12 mm 10 mm 18 mm

4.

3 ft 4 ft 6.5 ft

5.

9.2 cm

6.

7 cm

20.7 mm 24 mm

2 cm

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

7.

20.1 ft 12 ft 25 ft

8.

6.9 in.

5.6 in.

9.

10.

14 mm

12.2 cm

15.3 mm

7.5 cm

3.8 mm

11. triangle: base 16 cm, height 9.4 cm 12. triangle: base 13.5 in., height 6.4 in. 13. trapezoid: bases 22.8 mm and 19.7 mm, height 36 mm

1 14. trapezoid: bases 5 ft and 3 ft, height 7 ft 2

Chapter 11

87

Course 2

Lesson 11-2

Circles and Circumference

22 Find the circumference of each circle. Use 3.14 or for . Round to 7 the nearest tenth if necessary. 1. 2.

15 cm

4 in.

3.

4.

8 ft

21 m

5.

16 km

6.

1 13. radius 3 ft 2

1 12. diameter 9 in. 2

14. diameter 9.7 mm 16. diameter 12 m 18. diameter 9.4 in. 20. radius 65 mi 22. diameter 8.5 cm

1 21. diameter 10 in. 2

Chapter 11

88

Course 2

37 mm

11-4

Skills Practice

Area of Circles

Find the area of each circle. Use 3.14 for . Round to the nearest tenth. 1. 2.

4 yd 1 cm

3.

35 mm

4.

14 in.

5.

4.3 ft

6.

8 cm

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

7.

4.7 yd

8.

22.5 in.

9.

2.1 mm

10.

11.9 ft

1 13. diameter 3 in. 4

3 16. diameter 12 yd 4

Chapter 11

89

Course 2

Lesson 11-4

Problem-Solving Investigation: Solve a Simpler Problem

Solve a simpler problem to solve. 1. POOL Find the area of the sidewalk around the pool shown below.

2 ft 30 ft 60 ft 2 ft

3 cm

8 cm

2 cm 8 cm

3. POPULATION The population of Ghostown, USA is decreasing at a rate of 3 people per year. If there are currently 831 people living in the town, when will the town be deserted? 4. STAINED GLASS Find the area of the stained glass window shown below. Use 3.14 for . Round to the nearest hundredth if necessary.

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

5. STOVETOPS What is the area of the stovetop shown, not including the burners? Use 3.14 for . Round to the nearest hundredth if necessary.

3 ft 0.75 ft 2 ft

6. POOLS Water is being added at a rate of 50 gallons per minute to a pool. How long will it take until the 10,000 gallon pool is full?

Chapter 11

90

Course 2

11-6

Skills Practice

Area of Composite Figures

Find the area of each figure. Use 3.14 for . Round to the nearest tenth if necessary.

1.

7 cm 7 cm

2.

5 mm 6 mm

7 mm

3.

10 in. 15 in. 15 in.

4.

9 in. 5 in. 3 in. 30 in. 4 in.

5.

7m

6.

4 yd 11 yd 9m 9 yd 20 yd

9 yd 4 yd

13 m

7.

2m 4m 4m 2m 2m

8.

1.3 ft 3.5 ft

Chapter 11

91

Course 2

Lesson 11-6

Three-Dimensional Figures

For each figure, identify the shape of the base(s). Then classify the figure. 1. 2. 3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

Chapter 11

92

Course 2

11-8

1.

Skills Practice

Drawing Three-Dimensional Figures

2.

3.

Draw a corner view of each three-dimensional figure whose top, side, and front views shown. Use isometric dot paper. 4.

top side front

5.

top

side

front

Chapter 11

93

Course 2

Lesson 11-8

Volume of Prisms

Find the volume of each rectangular prism. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. 1. 2.

10 in. 3 cm 3 cm 7 cm 6 in. 5 in. 4m 6m 4m

3.

4.

5.

6.

9 cm

7.2 cm

7.

4 4 ft

3

8.

9.

4.5 cm 9.6 in. 15 in.

1 2 2 ft

4 ft 4.8 in.

1.5 cm

1.2 cm

Chapter 11

94

Course 2

3 cm

Volume of Cylinders

Find the volume of each cylinder. Use 3.14 for . Round to the nearest tenth. 1.

7 cm

2.

8 ft 9 ft

3.

12 in.

4 in.

20 cm

4.

3 2 yd

5.

5.3 m

6. 1.9 in.

8.7 m 6 yd

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

6.2 in.

8. radius 4 ft

1 height 2 ft 2

Chapter 11

95

Course 2

Lesson 11-10

9. diameter 10 mm height 4 mm

Estimating Square Roots

Estimate each square root to the nearest whole number. 1. 5 4. 28 7. 179 10. 563 13. 981 16. 3,287 2. 10 5. 78 8. 274 11. 592 14. 1,356 17. 3,985 3. 21 6. 102 9. 303 12. 755 15. 1,688 18. 4,125

3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5

20. 19

2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6

21. 30

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

22. 77

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

23. 114

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

24. 125

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

25. 149

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

26. 182

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

27. 212

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

28. 436

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

29. 621

21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29

30. 853

25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

31. 918

25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

32. 1,004

25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

33. 1,270

30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38

34. 5,438

70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78

35. 4,215

60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68

36. 5,786

70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78

Chapter 11

96

Course 2

12-2

Skills Practice

The Pythagorean Theorem

Lesson 12-2

Course 2

Find the missing measure of each right triangle. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. 1.

bm

20 m 7m

2.

5 in.

c in.

5 in.

3.

12.4 ft 15 ft

4.

x cm

26 cm

a ft

20 cm

5.

20.3 in.

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

c in.

32 in.

6.

a yd

2.7 yd

3 yd

7.

am

11.2 m

8.

6.7 mm

c mm

6m

14 mm

9. a 15 cm, b 20 cm 11. a 13 in., c 16.5 in. 13. a 1.3 ft, b 4.6 ft 15. a 10 ft, b 24 ft 17. b 9 cm, c 12 cm

10. a 2 yd, b 12 yd 12. b 8 mm, c 17 mm 14. a 14.7 m, c 23 m 16. b 8 in., c 9 in. 18. a 4.5 mm, c 7.5 mm

Chapter 11

97

Problem-Solving Investigation: Make a Model

Make a model to solve. 1. PETS Jacks Pet Store has 5 pets for sale. Some are birds and some are dogs. When Jack looks at the pets, he counts 18 legs. How many of each type of pet are there? 2. INTERIOR DESIGN JoAnn is creating a model of a living room. The room is 20 feet by 20 feet. If the scale she is using is 1 foot inch, what are the dimensions of her model room? 3. ART COMPETITION An art competition allows for submitted work to be no larger than 11 inches by 14 inches. If Christenes photograph is 8 inches by 10 inches, what is the largest matte she can use if she wants the border to be the same width all the way around the photo?

1 2

4. FLOORING James is laying carpet in an L-shaped room whose model is shown below. How much carpet does he need?

8 ft 8 ft

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

8 ft 12 ft

5. SCALE MODEL Charlotte is building a model of the Eiffel Tower. If the actual tower is 986 feet tall and Charlottes scale is 1 inch 10 feet, how tall is her model? 6. SCIENCE FAIR Audrey wants to make a poster that is folded into three sections for her science fair project. The length of the poster is 36 inches. If she wants the middle section to be twice the length of the side sections and she wants the two side sections to be equal, what should be the length of the middle section?

Chapter 11

98

Course 2

12-4

Skills Practice

Surface Area of Rectangular Prisms

Find the surface area of each rectangular prism. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary. 1. 2. 3.

7 cm 6 cm 12 cm 4 ft 1 ft 9 in. 7 ft

15 in.

7 in.

4.

5.

6.

3.7 in.

9 mm 10 mm 9 mm

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

8.5 cm 4 cm 3 cm

7.

6 ft

8.

8.3 in.

9.

6.4 mm 4.1 mm 7.3 mm

12 ft 7 ft

10. A cube has a surface area of 126 square feet. What is the area of one face?

11. Find the surface area of a rectangular prism that has a length of 8 inches, a width of 3 inches, and a height of 6 inches.

Chapter 11

99

Course 2

Lesson 12-4

Surface Area of Cylinders

Find the surface area of each cylinder. Use 3.14 for . Round to the nearest tenth. 1.

8 in.

2.

10 mm

3.

4m

7m 24 in. 6 mm

4.

7 yd 4.8 yd

5.

2 2 ft

6.

12.6 cm

6.5 cm 4 3 ft

Copyright Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

7. Find the surface area of a can with a radius of 4 centimeters and a height of 11 centimeters.

8. Find the surface area of the outside of a cylindrical barrel with a diameter of 10 inches and a height of 12 inches.

9. Find the area of the curved surface of a D battery with a diameter of 3.2 centimeters and a height of 5.6 centimeters.

Chapter 11

100

Course 2

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