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Abhimanyu

Arjuna's son with Subhadra who married Uttara, daughter of King Virata.

Acharya
Guru or Teacher.

Achuta
Another name os Sri Krishna meaning imperishable.

Adhiratha
Karna's foster-father.

Adi Shankara
The first Hindu philosopher who consolidated the principles of the Advaita Vedanta.

Aditi
A goddess of the sky, consciousness, the past, the future and fertility.

Advaita
A school of Hindu philosophy often called a monistic or non-dualistic system which refers to the indivisibility of the Self (Atman) from the Whole (Brahman).

Agastya
A great sage in mythilogy, his wife Lopamudra was equally a great sage in her own right. Agastya was born of both Gods, Mitra and Varuna, from Urvashi.

Agneyastra
Agneyastra is the fire weapon, incepted by God Agni, master of the flames.

Agni
Hindu fire god.

Agnihotra
A sacrifice to God Agni.

Ahi
Means snake.

Airavata
Lord Indra's white elephant.

Ajatasatru
Having no enemy, friend of all born things, an epithet for Yudhishthira.

Akshayapatra
A mythilogical vessel given to Yudhishthira by the Sun god which was never empty of food.

Amaravati
The city of Indra.

Amarkantak
The place from where the Narmada River, the Sone River and Johila River emerge.

Amba, Ambika, Ambalika
The three daughters of King of Benares, Eldest daughter Amba was in love with King Shalwa

Amrit
The food of the gods, which makes one immortal.

Ananta
The thousand headed snake, Adisesha. Author and commentator of Katyayana sutra.

Andhaka
Andhaka was the demon son of Shiva, and was created from a drop of his sweat. He was born blind. After birth, Andhaka was given to Hiranyaksha to be raised, as he had no sons. Later, Andhaka became the King of Hiranyaksha's Kingdom.

Anga

Mlechchha Kings, a Kaurava supporter.

Angada
Son of Vali. One of the Vanar in Lord Rama's army.

Aniruddha
Son of Pradyumna (a rebirth of Shatrughana who married with Charumati and Usha).

Anjalika
The greatest of Arjuna's arrows with which he slays Karna.

Anjana
Mother of Hanuman or Anjaneya.

Anshumat
A mighty chariot-fighter.

Anusuya
Sati Anusuya was wife of the sage Atri and mother of Dattatreya who is considered by some Hindus (in western India ) to be an incarnation of the Divine Trinity Brahma, Vishnu and Siva.

Apsaras
Heavenly beauties, The dancers of Indra's court.

Arjuna
The third of Pandavas, son of Pandu.

Artha
Wealth, one of the objects of human life, the others being Dharma, (righteous- ness), Kama (satisfaction of desires), Moksha (spiritual salvation).

Arundhati
Wife of sage Vasishtha.

Ashtavakra A towering scholar who is still in his teens. Ashvatthaman Son of Dronacharya and last supreme commander of the Kaurava force. best. Ashta Lakshmi Eight aspects of goddess Lakshmi. Astra A missile charged with power by a holy mantra.Arya civilised. Ashwapati Uncle of Bharata and Shatrughna. Asita A sage who held that gambling was ruinous and should be avoided by all wise people. Asmaka A Kaurava warrior who attacked Abhimanyu. Atma . Ashvins The divine twins. symbolising eight sources of wealth. Asamanja Son of Sagra. strong as a horse. Ashwasena Five mighty arrows shot by Karna.

Another name of King Bahu. Bahu A King of the Suryavansh. the King of Ayodhya. Bhagadatta . Balarama Elder brother of Lord Krishna. at times translated as spirit or soul. A mighty elephant. Ayodhya Unconquerable. Balarama An avatar or incarnation of Adisesha the thousand-hooded serpent on which Lord Mahavishnu reclines in Vaikuntha. Rama's Kingdom.The underlying metaphysical self. Bhadrakali Bhadrakali is also known as the gentle Kali. Baladeva Balarama. She is the consort of Virabhadra. Bahuka The changed name of Nala. The city in the country of Koshala. Bhadra Goddess Parvati. as a charioteer of Rituparna. who came into being by Devi's wrath. when Daksha insulted Shiva. elder brother of Sri Krishna. Babhruvahana Son of Arjuna from his wife Chitrangada.

Bharata (Ramayana). . Bharadwaja A rishi. Bhargava Karna's divine weapon. son of Dushyanta and Shakuntala. younger brother of Rama. Also translated as "Goddess". a son of Dasharatha. Bhishma Bhishma was son of Shantanu. father of Yavakrida. Bhishmak Raja of Kundalpur and father of Rukmini. the eldest of a hundred sons of a saintly King by name Rishabha Deva according to the Bhagavata purana. Bhakti A Sanskrit term that means devotion. Bhagavati Goddess Parvati. Bhagiratha Son of Dilipa. Bharata Muni. A person who practices bhakti is called bhakta. the eldest of the Kurus.King of Pragjyotisha. King of Kosala. Bharata Emperor Bharata. Son of the wind-god Vayu. Bhagawan Translated as "Lord" and refers to God. the author of the Natyashastra. a Kaurava ally. Shiva's wife. Bharata (Bhagavata). Bhima The second of Pandavas who excelled in physical power.

Bhuminjaya Another name of prince Uttara's son of Virata who had proceeded to fight the Kaurava armies. with Brihannala as his charioteer.Bhoja A branch of the Yadava clan belonging to Krishna's tribe. who was killed in the great battle of the Mahabharata. and one of the Trimurti. one given by Lord Brahma himself. irresistible. Brihadaswa A great sage who visited the Pandavas in their forest hermitage and reminded them of King Nala of Nishadha. infinite. Brahman. He had also lost his Kingdom in the game of dice and had deserted his wife Damayanti because of a curse but ultimately regained both. He must not be confused with the Supreme Cosmic Spirit of Hindu philosophy. Brahmadatta King of Benares or Varanasi. Brihadratha . The Hindu creator god. Brahman The signifying name given to the concept of the unchanging. Brahmastra A divine weapon. Brahma Creator of the universe. Bibhatsu One of Arjuna's name meaning a hater of unworthy acts. immanent and transcendent reality that is the Divine Ground of all being. Bhurisravas Bhurisravas was a prince of the Balhikas and an ally of the Kauravas. the others being Vishnu and Shiva.

Commander of three regiments reigned over Magadha and attained celebrity as a great hero, married the twin daughters of the Raja of Kasi. His two wives ate each half of a mango given by sage Kausika and begot half a child each. A Rakshasi recovered the two portions from a dustbin wherein they were thrown and when they accidentally came together, became a chubby baby. She presented the baby tothe King, saying it was his child, which later became known as Jarasandha.

Brihadyumna
A King, a disciple of sage Raibhya.

Brihannala
Name assumed by Arjuna while living at Virata's court in disguise. He taught arts to Uttara, the princess of the Kingdom of Virata.

Brihaspati
Father of Kacha and priest of devas.

Brihatbala
A daring warrior who charged at Abhimanyu caught in the Kaurava army's net.

Chakra
An energy node in the human body. Wheel.

Chala
A Kaurava warrior.

Champa
A city on banks of Ganges river where Karna found as a baby by Adhiratha and Radha. They adopted him.

Chandraketu
A devotee of Manasa.

Charachitra
A son of King Dhritarashtra who perished in the war. Kaurava.

Chedi
Kingdom of Shishupala, old name of present Chanderi.

Chekitana
Chekitana was son of Dhrishtaketu, Raja of the Kekayas, and an ally of the Pandavas.

Chitra
A son of Dhritarashtra killed in the war. Kaurava.

Chitraksha
One of the many sons of King Dhritarashtra who fell in the war. Kaurava.

Chitrakuta
Chitrakuta was in mountain forests where Rama, Sita and Lakshmana spent eleven and half years of their exile. Here the principal trinity of the Hinduism, Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, took their incarnations.

Chitralekha
Chitralekha was a friend of Usha and daughter of minister of Banasur. She helped Usha to identify the young man, Aniruddha, seen in the dream of Usha. Chitralekha through supernatural powers abducted Aniruddha from the palace of Krishna and brought him to Usha.

Chitrasena
King of the Gandharvas who prevented the Kauravas from putting up their camp near the pond where he himself had encamped.

Chitrayudha
A Kaurava prince who laid down his life in the war.

Chitravarma
A brother of Duryodhana who was killed in the war. Kaurava.

Chitrangada

Elder son of Santanu born of Matsyagandhi (Satyavati) who succeeded his father on the throne of Hastinapura.

Chitrangada
Chitrangada was one of Arjuna's wives. Babhruvahana was soon born to them.

Chyavana
A great rishi, husband of beautiful wife Sukanya whom Ashvins beheld at her bath. Created Chyavanaprash which is reputed to have restored his vitality. Mythological names page D

Daruka
Sri Krishna's charioteer.

Dadhichi
Dadhichi was a Vedic King, son of Atharvan, who turned a great Rishi. Dadhicha gave his bones to destroy Vritra, a brahmin, who became the head of the Asuras.

Daityas
Daityas were the children of Diti and the sage Kashyapa. They were a race of giants who fought against the gods.

Daksha
The skilled one, is an ancient creator god, one of the Prajapatis. Son of Aditi and Brahma.

the gods had given him a great bow. Lalitha. Devaki Mother of Lord Krishna. Dakshayani is the consort of Shiva. nor rakshsa. Dasharna Dasharna was an ancient Indian Kingdom in Malwa region near Mandsaur. Deva The Sanskrit word for God or deity. Aparna. Devadatta Name of Arjuna's conch. nor men had might to string that. Devarata Father of Yajnavalkya. Dandaka A Kingdom and a forest. nor asuras. Darshana A country whose King attacked Bhagadatta's elephant in an effort to save Bhima.Dakshayani Dakshayani is the Goddess of marital felicity and longevity. The queen of Chedi Kingdom and mother of Damayanti were daughters of King of Dasharna. A state of Lanka under the reign of Ravana. It was the stronghold of all the Rakshasa tribes living in the Dandaka Forest. also Buddha's cousin. Sivakamini. had the same name. nor gandharvas. . Ravana's governor Khara ruled this province. Damayanti She is the wife of Nala whose story is told in the Mahabharata. Other names for Dakshayani include Gauri. Neither gods. An aspect of Devi. Sati. Uma. Dasaratha King of Ayodhya and Lord Rama's father.

Dhanvantari An avatar of the Hindu God Vishnu. rule or duty. son of Brihaspati. Devayani The beautiful daughter of Sukracharaya. Beings that live in harmony with Dharma proceed quicker towards moksha. He was crowned Yuvaraja (heir apparent). a female deity or goddess. ie. Devendra King of the Gods. Dharma Righteous course of conduct.Devata A sage who condemned the game of dice as an evil form of gambling and declared it unfit as entertainment for good people. Can mean law. as it usually offered scope for deceit and dishonesty. Dhanvantari appears in the Vedas as the physician of the gods. Dharmananda A name of Yudhishthira. and is the god of Ayurvedic medicine. teacher of the demons. Devi The female version of a Deva. Eldest of Pandavas. but later vowed to celibacy and was known as Bhishma. the son of Dharma or Yama. Dharmavyadha . Dharmagranthi Assumed named of Nakula at Virata's court. teacher of the Devas. who fell in love with Kacha. Devavrata The eighth child of Santanu and Ganga who in time mastered the art of arms and learned the Vedas. Vedanta and the sciences known to Sukra.

Dhritarashtra Elder son of Vichitravirya and Ambika. singing Sama hymns addressed to Yama. once insulted. Lord of Death. Dhananjaya One of the names of Arjuna. 4. Yudhishthira. Dhanusaksha took the form of a bull and butted that mountain and broke it to pieces. devotion. born blind. A King of the Kekayas. . Dhrishtaketu Dhrishtaketu are 1. Dhrishtadyumna Supreme commander of the Pandava forces and twin brother of Draupadi. Dhanusaksha A great sage whom Medhavi. 2. also an ally of the Pandavas. Dhaumya Tutor of the Pandavas. Son of Dhrishtadyumna. son of sage Baladhi. steadfastness and fearlessness. The story of Dhruva's life is often told to Hindu children as an example for perseverance. and an ally of the Pandavas. Dhruva Dhruva was the prince blessed to eternal existence and glory as the Pole Star (Dhruva Nakshatra in Sanskrit) by Lord Vishnu. Then Medhavi fell down dead. 5. father of Duryodhana. Dhumraksha The Gray eyed rakshasha appointed by Ravana who was slain by Hanuman. Son of Satyadhriti. Son of Nriga.He possessed the secret of good life and lived in the city of Mithila. Son of Sisupala. who accompanied them during their exile to the Kurijangala forest. Dharmaputra The son of Yama. Sage Baladhi desired that his son should live as long as a certain mountain lasted. He was a meat seller. 3. King of Chedi.

Durga A form of Parvati.Dilipa Son of Anshumat and father of Bhagiratha. . King of Panchala. Arjuna had won her in the Swayamvara. Durjaya A brother of Duryodhana who was sent to attack Bhima. Drona A Brahmin who learnt military art from Parasurama. Durmarsha A son of Dhritarashtra killed by Bhima. Kaurava. Drupada King of Panchala. Later he became the guru to the Kaurava and Pandava princes in the use of arms. to save Karna's life but lost his own. but because their Mother asked them to share everything in common unknowingly. Durdhara A son of Dhritarashtra killed by Bhima in the war. Duhsasana Duryodhana's brother who dragged Draupadi to the hall where the game of dice was played. Durmata A son of Dhritarashtra who got killed by Bhima. father of Draupadi. Kaurava. Drona's friend. Kaurava. she married all the five Pandavas. Draupadi Daughter of King Drupada. She is depicted as a woman riding a lion with multiple hands carrying weapons and assuming mudras.

Durvishaha A warrior fighting on the Kaurava side. form the plot of Kalidasa's celebrated play Sakuntala. Duryodhana The eldest son of the blind King Dhritarashtra by Queen Gandhari. Dussaha A son of Dhritarashtra killed by Bhima. Dvaita A branch of Hindu philosophy. her separation from him. by whom he had a son. Dwaitayana A forest where the Kaurava cows were being bred and housed. Dushyanta A valiant King of the chandravansha. Dushkarma A warrior belonging to the Kaurava side. founded by Shri Madhvacharya that advocates dualism and stresses a strict distinction between God and soul. Kaurava. . Durvasa An ancient sage known for his anger who visited the Kaurava. Dwaraka Place where Lord Krishna lived after leaving Mathura. The love story of Dushyanta and Sakuntala. Bharata. and descended from Puru. and her restoration through the discovery of his token-ring in the belly of a fish. He was husband of Sakuntala.Durmukha A chariot-borne warrior on the Kaurava side. the eldest of the one hundred Kaurava brothers.

when they were exiled to the forest after escaping from the burning of house of lac. however.Dyumatsena King of Shalwas and father of Satyavan. Ganesha The god of good fortune. commonly identified for his elephant head. . Ganga A holy river in Northern India. believed to be a goddess by Hindus. Ganapati Lord of the territory. Ekalavya He was a young prince of the Nishadha tribes. Equivalent Ganges. Thus he embarks upon a program of self-study in the presence of a clay image of Drona and achieves a level of skill equal to that of Arjuna. the god of merchants. Drona. The story of the birth of Ganges was told to Rama and Laxmana by Vishvamitra. Gandharva A class of celestial beings regarded as specialists in music. rejects Ekalavya on account of the prince's humble origins. Kunti. Gandhari Dhritarashtra's wife and queen mother of the Kaurava. The fulfiller of desire. Son of Shiva and Parvati. He was destroyed by Ganapati. Mythological names page E Ekachakra city where the Pandavas lived with their mother. He wished to study under Dronacharya. Son of Shiva and Parvati. Gajasura Gajasura (elephant demon) is the name used to refer to demon Nila when he took the form of an elephant and attacked Shiva.

Gopis Lord Krishna's childhood mates. Gopa Lord Krishna's childhood mates. Govardhan Govardhan is a hill located near the town of Vrindavan in India . An aspect of Devi. Garuda Lord Vishnu's vehicle. Gopala Name of Krishna indicating his origin as a god of flocks and herds. A large mythilogical bird. .Gadiva Arjuna's most potent bow. Gita See Bhagwad Gita. cow herd-boys. Gangadwara A place where sage Agastya and his wife performed penance. Ghatotkacha Son of Bhima from demoness Hidimba. found in the Yajur Veda. Gauri Gauri or Dakshayani is the Goddess of marital felicity and longevity. Dakshayani is the consort of Shiva. cow-herd girls. Gayatri A revered mantra in Hinduism.

the descendants of Kuru. A spiritual teacher. He had a sister named . The throne of this city is the prize over which the great war of Mahabharata was fought. when a person gets married and settles down in life and begets children. Guha King of Nishadha. Devotee of Sri Rama. Harivamsa Harivamsa is an important work of Sanskrit literature. It means a cow-keeper and refers to Krishna's occupation in Gokula. Halayudha Plough-weaponed. It is a kind of appendix to the Mahabharata. He was a cannibal. Hari Hari is another name of Lord Vishnu.375 verses and focuses specifically on the life of Lord Krishna.Govinda One of the names of Sri Krishna and Vishnu. who possessed extraordinary powers. Guru Revered tutor. and dwelt in the forest to which the Pandavas retired after the burning of their house of lac. Hastinapura Hastinapura is the capital and the Kingdom of the Kauravas. the colony of cowherds. who had yellow eyes. Hidimba A powerful Asura. an epithet of Balarama who wielded a plough as his weapon. Grihastha The second of the four phases (Purushartha) of a man. which include the Pandavas. Hanuman Son of Vayu and Anjana. has 16.

whom he sent to lure the Pandavas to him. By his mother's desire Bhima married her. Surya. of the epic Ramayana is a descendant of the house of Ikshvaku. and by her had a son named Ghatotkacha. but on meeting with Bhima. and also a King of Dravida whose younger brother. He was the son of Manu (the first man on earth). Ikshvaku Ikshvaku was the first King and founder of the Surya Vansha. He had an older brother named Hiranyakashipu. Holika Holika was a demoness who was killed on the day of Holi. Hiranyaksha Hiranyaksha was an Asura of the Daitya race. one of the avatars of Vishnu. and a King of Dravida who was killed by Lord Vishnu after he took the Earth to the bottom of the ocean. Hrishikesha Lord Krishna. Hiranyakashipu Hiranyakashipu was an Asura. . sired by the Sun God.Hidimbi. The story of Holika's conflict signifies the triumph of good over evil. Rama. Identical with Shishupala and Ravana. Hiranyaksha was killed by Varaha. A Hindu pilgrim centre of importance. She was the sister of King Hiranyakashipu. she fell in love with him.

King of Lanka.Ilvala Ilvala and Vatapi were asuras. Indraprastha Indraprastha (City of Indra) was the capital of the Kingdom led by the Pandavas in the Mahabharata epic. Ishvara The Hindu oncept of God referring to the Supreme Being which is the lord and the ruler of everything. son of Nala and Damayanti. Jambavan . Indrasena Daughter of Nala and Damayanti. Indra King of the Gods. fought on the side of the Pandavas. the god of weather and war and the Lord of Heaven in Hinduism. The chief deity of the Rigveda. Iravan Arjuna's son by a Naga princess Ulupi who fell in the battle on the eighth day. the rulers of Badami. the Lord of Gods and who was killed by Rama's brother Lakshmana. Was killed by the Rakshasa Alumvusha. Indrakila A mountain Arjuna passed on his way to the Himalayas to practise austerities to acquire powerful new weapons from Lord Mahadeva. Indrasenan A kinsman of the Pandavas. located upon the banks of the river Yamuna. who conquered Indra. Indrajit Son of Ravana.

father of Sita devi who was wife of Lord Rama. Janaka King of Mithila. Jarita. Nakula. Mighty King of Magadha of whose prowess all Kshatriyas were afraid.He was the King of the Himalayas who had incarnated as a bear in order to serve Lord Rama. . Jambavan was present when the churning of the ocean took place and was supposed to have circled the world seven times. Laputa Female companions of a saranga bird. Sahadeva. Jarasandha A rakshasa. Jataka The Jataka is a voluminous body of folklore and mythic literature. He was overtaken and killed by Bhima. Janardana A name of Lord Krishna. He is also considered as the King of bears and first son of Brahma. before humans were created. who was a rishi named Mandapala in his previous birth. Janamejaya A King who conducted a great sacrifice for the well being of the human race. Jalasura A demon killed by Bhima. father-in-law of Kamsa. Killed by Bhima in a thirteen-day non-stop physical combat with Sri Krishna and Arjuna as witnesses. Jatasura A Rakshasa who disguised himself as a Brahmin and carried Yudhishthira. and Draupadi. Japa A spiritual discipline in which a devotee repeats a mantra or the name of God. The story of Rama is told in one of Jatakas. Son of Brihadratha.

Jayatsena A warrior fighting on the side of Kaurava. and tried to rescue Sita from Ravana while being taken away to Lanka. Kaikeyi . Kacha Grandson of sage Angiras and son of Brihaspati. Uddalaka. Kagola A disciple of the great sage and teacher of Vedanta. who was killed by Bhima in the war Jayadratha A warrior on the side of Kauravas who closed the breach effected by Abhimanyu in the Chakravyuha formation by Dronacharya and trapped him inside. who studied under Sukracharya as a brahmacharin. fell in love with him. King of Ayodhya. Devayani. the tutor's lovely daughter. Ultimately devas learnt the secret defeating the asuras. Jayatsena A kinsman of the Pandavas. Jaya A son of King Dhritarashtra. Had the form of an eagle.Jatayu Jatayu was King of all the eagles-tribes. But due to Devayani's love for him. killed him a number of times. The Asuras (demons) suspecting him of wanting to steal the secret of reviving the dead. who accompanied with Bahuka. Jiwal The charioteer of Rituparna. the son of Aruna and nephew of Garuda. Jnana Knowledge of the eternal and real. her father brought him back to life every time he was killed.

He along with his companion. The mountain lies near Lake Manasarowar. Kali Kali was a demon. the personified spirit of the Fourth yuga who possesses Nala. Kaliya was controlled by Krishna and sent to his abode in Ramanaka Dwipa. Kalindi is also another name for the river Yamuna. Kailash The Holy abode of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati in the Himalayas. Kaitabh and Madhu were supposed to destroy Brahma. .She was the youngest of King Dasaratha's three wives and a queen of Ayodhya. Madhu. Then Krishna built the city of Dwaraka amidst sea. Kal Purush The time-man. transported all his people there. Kaliya Kaliya was the name of a poisonous snake-Naga living on the bank of Yamuna River. Kalayavan Kalayavan was an asura who surrounded Mathura with an army of thirty million monsters. Kal nagini A serpent who kills Lakshmindara. Kaitabh Kaitabh is an asura. She was the mother of Bharata. the son of Chand Sadagar who was a merchant-prince of Champaka Nagar. Bengali name of Orion. Kali The dark aspect of goddess Parvati whose consort is Shiva. originated from one of the ears of God Vishnu. returned and slew Kalayavan. Kalindi Kalindi was daughter of Sun god who marries Lord Krishna while he was ruling Dwaraka.

whom Sri Krishna killed.Kalki The tenth avatar of Vishnu who is yet to arrive and will appear as a man on a horse at the end of Kali Yug. He had beheaded Jamadagni. Her child is Nandini and they could grant any wish for the true seeker. He is represented as a young and handsome winged man who wields a bow and arrows. transforming Nala into a twisted shape. Kampilya Capital of the Panchala Kingdom ruled by Drupada. Kanika Minister of Sakuni. Kamadeva Kamadeva is the Hindu god of love. Kamadhenu Kamadhenu was a divine cow believed to be the mother of all cows. . Kanka Assumed name of Yudhishthira at Virata's court. Kartavirya Arjuna Kartavirya Arjuna was King of Mahishamati. Kava Father of Shakuntala. Kamsa Maternal Uncle of Sri Krishna and son of Ugrasena. father of Parashurama. In revenge. Karkotaka The naga who bit Nala at the request of Indra. also son-in-law of Jarasandha. kshatriya of Ramayana period believed to have a thousand arms.

King of Lanka. Kartikeya Commander of the armies of the devas. Also son of Radha. his foster-mother. Asuras. son of the Sun god and Kunti. Kausalya She was the eldest of King Dasaratha's three wives and a queen of Ayodhya. alternate name of sons of Dhritarashtra. begot the Daityas. One of Dashratha's counsellors also. and was known as Radheya. She was the mother of Rama. of performing one's duty. Kara A matchless warrior. Ravana was comprehensively defeated and was put to humiliation by him. with whom he is the father of Agni and the Adityas. He is married to Aditi.Parashurama killed the entire clan of Kartavirya Arjuna. Kauravas Kaurava is a Sanskrit term. Diti and Aditi were daughters of King Daksha and sisters to Sati. his father. father of the Devas. Shiva's consort. His second wife. Nagas and all of humanity. Kekaya . Kartavirya A great warrior who defeated Ravana. His brother is Ganesha. Diti. Kashyapa An ancient sage . Karma A Sanskrit term that comprises the entire cycle of cause and effect. Kausikam A sage who learnt from Dharmavyadha the secret of Dharma. that means a descendant of Kuru. A god born out of a magical spark created by Shiva. Disciple of Parasurama.

Khara Khara was younger brother of Ravana who was slain by Rama. Kesava One of the names of Sri Krishna. Kirata . who made advances to Sairandhri (Draupadi). Kichaka Sudeshna's brother. It has a tremendous impact on human lives and also the whole creation. commander-in-chief of Virata's army. Nahusha and Yayati ruled. Keshini Wife of Sagara Ketama Another chief whose head was cut off by Drona. The Pandavas rebuilt the ruined city and erected palaces and forts and renamed it Indraprastha. Ketu Ketu is generally referred to as a "shadow" planet. Kinnars Human birds with instruments of music under their wings. and the Kekayas were the direct descendants of Yayati's son Anu. Khadavaprastha The ancient capital from where the ancestors of Pandavas. Usinaras. He was invited to meet her at night at the ladies dancing hall and was met instead by Valala (Bhima) dressed up as a female who killed him (Kichaka).A brave warrior on the Pandava side into whose chariot Bhima got during the fighting on the sixth day. the Madras. the Sibi. Ketu and Rahu denote the points of intersection of the paths of the Sun and the Moon as they move on the celestial sphere. Astronomically.

and used to terrorize the Rishis who inhabited that forest. where Rama was born. the younger brother of Bali. Hanuman. Upon learning that Bheema was present. who had slain his brother Bakasura. He ran into the Pandavas when they began their exile in the Kamyaka forest. Bhishma choked Kirmira to death Kishkindha Kishkindha was the Kingdom ruled by a Vanara King Sugreeva. during the Ramayana period. one of the most worshipped by many Hindus. Kosala Kosala was an ancient Indian Aryan Kingdom. Kritavarma A notable Yadava warrior fighting on the side of Kaurava forces. This was the Kingdom where he ruled with the assistance of his most intelligent minister. Krishna-Dwaipayana Another name of Sage Vyasa. Kiratas are believed to be of Tibeto-Burman origin. the brother of Bakasura. Krishna is famous for his lecture to Arjuna written in the Bhagavad Gita. After a fierce battle. Krishna The eighth avatar of Vishnu. They are mentioned along with Cinas for Chinese. Kripacharya Aswathama's uncle who advocated a combined assault on Arjuna in battle as against Karna's boast that he could take him on single-handed. He lived in the forest of Kamyaka. Its capital was Ayodhya. the Rakshasa then challenged the Pandava to fight. The non-Aryan aborigines of the land. Kirmira Kirmira was a Rakshasa. Krauncha Curlew-heron. Kshatriya .Huntsman. corresponding roughly in area with the region of Oudh.

who was asleep most of the time because of the curse of Brahma. it is the duty of fighting against evil as told by lord Krishna to Arjuna in the Bhagavad Gita. In other words. Kshatradharma This is a form of spiritual practice that involves "Protection of the seekers and destruction of the evildoers". soldiers and rulers of society.One of the four fundamental colours (Varnas) in Hindu tradition. Kunti Mother of Pandavas. Kubera One of the gods of wealth and riches. She was given in adoption to the King's childless cousin Kuntibhoja and was named Kunti after her adoptive father. Kumara Son of Shiva and Parvati who conquered and slew the demon Taraka. Daughter of Sura also known as Pritha. the wife of Krishna. Kundalpur Capital of Raja Bhismak who was father of Rukmini. Kunti-Madri . King of Lanka. Kumbhakarna Brother of Ravana. Kuchasthala A city where Krishna stayed the night on his way to the court of Dhritarashtra. consisting of the warriors. Kumbha Kumbha was a rakshasa who led a host against the monkeys when Hanumana fetches healing herb. Kundinapura Capital of Vidarbha.

The palace made out of lac at Benares where Pandavas along with Kunti were kept with a sense of banishment. Lakshmana Younger stepbrother of Rama and son of Sumitra and King Dasaratha. Kusha Kusha and his twin brother Lava are the children of the Hindu God Rama and his wifeSita. Duryodhana's gallant young son also bore this name. wealth and good fortune. whose story is told in the Ramayana Lakshagrah The house of lac. Kurma Tortoise. He was slain by Kal-nagini but restored to life by Mansa. Lakshmi Goddess of prosperity. Nakula. Their Kingdom was located in the area of modern Haryana.Queens of King Pandu who gave birth to three and two sons known as the Pandavas in the forest where he spent many years for having committed some sin. and Sahadeva. Kurukshetra Plain of. Arjuna. Bhisma was their guardian. She is the consort of Vishnu. scene of great battle between the Pandavas and Kurus for the throne of Hastinapura resulted in a battle in which a number of ancient Kingdoms participated as allies of the rival clans. The sons were known as Yudhishthira. The second avatar of Vishnu where he took the form of a tortoise. The location of the battle was Kurukshetra in the modern state of Haryana in India . Lanka . Bhima. Kurus The name of an Indo-Aryan tribe and their Kingdom in the Vedic civilization of India . Lakshmindara Son of Chand Sadagar who weds Behula.

generally identified with Ceylon . He told them that those unable to bear the hardships of exile were free to go to the court of Dhritarashtra or Drupada. It means the Lord of Lakshmi. King of Panchala. Lopamudra Daughter of the King of Vidarbha who married sage Agastya. Lava Kusa and Lava were sons of Rama and Sita. Lomasa A brahmana sage who advised the Pandavas when they where in forest. He accompanied Yudhishthira on his wanderings. Mahavishnu Lord of the Universe who took multiple avatars to maintain righteousness and for mankind. Madhava One of the names of Krishna. Mahadeva Another name of Shiva. Mahaparshwa One of Ravana's generals. Maharaksha Son of Khara slain at Lanka. Madhusudana Another name of Krishna. Madhu The name of Kingdom of Shatrughna.An island city. the home of Ravana. . the slayer of the asura Madhu.

Manasarovar A sacred lake in the Himalayas. to the servant maid of Ambalika. Mandhatri Mandhatri was a King. advised Duryodhana not to injure the Pandavas for his own good. the wise. wife of King Vichitravirya. At this Mandavya cursed Dharma who was born as Vidura. expressed sorrow at the Pandava's plight. Malini Malini was the name of river that was flowing in the forest where the ashrama of Kanva rishi was situated. shaking it in wrath and frightening every beast that lived in its woods and caves. who offered her to Sage Vyasa in place of Ambalika.Mahendra A King who had attained heaven. Mandara The mountain used as a curning stick in Samudra manthan for churning the ocean using Vasuki naga as rope by gods on one side and asuras on other side. well wooded and full of fruits and roots. Mandavya A sage wrongly punished by the King by being impaled as the chief of robbers who had clandestinely hidden their stolen goods in a corner of his hermitage when he was in deep meditation. Maitreya A sage who visited the court of Dhritarashtra. Hanumana coursed through the air while searchin Sita. son of Yuvanaswa. and author of a hymn in the Rigveda. Mandodari . Mainaka Another mountain. Also the name of a mountain upon which Hanumana rushes while searching for Sita. Lord Dharma gave him this punishment for having tortured birds and bees in his childhood. of the race of Ikshvaku.

Hema. . She was the first wife of Ravana. Manasa Devi The goddess of snakes. daughter of Shiva to a human woman. A religious syllable or poem. typically from the Sanskrit language. It is positioned at the navel region. Rama and Laxman pass by while searching Sita on way to mountain Rishyamuk on which lived Sugriva. Marutta A King of the Ikshwaku dynasty whose sacrifice was performed by Samvarta in oppose of Indra and Brihaspati.Mandodari was the daughter of the King of Danavas. Mayasura and celestial dancer. Manipura is the third primary chakra according to Hindu tradition. Mantra An incantation with words of power. Manthara Manthara was a servant who convinced Kaikeyi that the throne of Ayodhya belonged to her son Bharata and that Rama should be exiled from the Kingdom. Kausika. Manipura 'City of jewels' in Sanskrit. uncle of Ravana who transformed himself into a golden deer at the behest of Ravana to entice Sita. Markandeya A sage who told Yudhishthira the story of a Brahmana. Matanga A rishi during Ramayana period. Maricha A character in the Ramayana. Matali Charioteer of Indra who took Arjuna to the Kingdom of Gods.

Matsya The first avatar of Vishnu. She was sent by Indra. Mayasura Maya. purely physical and mental reality in which our everyday consciousness has become entangled. having settled in the south. the Vindya began to grow very high obstructing the sun. Menaka Menaka is considered one of the most beautiful of the heavenly Apsaras.Mathura The capital of Yadavas which was invaded by Kamsa. Maya is believed to be an illusion. the King of the Devas. Daitya and Rakshasa races upon earth. He was also the chief architect for the people of the netherworlds. Medhavi Son of Sage Baladhi who desired that his son should live as long as a certain mountain lasted. Agastya whom the Vindhya mountain respected asked it to stop growing until he crossed it on his way to the south and returned to the north again. Maya Maya is the limited. the moon and the planets. But he did not return at all. to break the severe penance undertaken by Vishwamitra. Maya originated in the Hindu scriptures known as the Upanishads. Meru An ancient mountain and mythical centre of the universe on which was situated the city of Brahma. Becoming jealous of Meru. unitary Self—the Cosmic Spirit also known as Brahman. where he came in the form of a fish. Mithila . Matrikas A group of mother Goddesses. or Mayasura was a great ancient King of the Asura. a veiling of the true.

was King of this Kingdom. Naga Naga is the Sanskrit and Pali word for a minor deity taking the form of a very large snake. The well known Nagas are Ananta. Arjuna was performing at Mount Kailash. King Janaka. Vasuki. Nagavanshi . and blessed him. who was offered to Yama to find a place in Heaven by his father. Nachiketa was freed from death.Mithila was a Kingdom in ancient India . father of Sita. Shiva gave Arjuna the Gandiva. friend of Kauravas. Vajashrava. vigil. Mukasura Mukasura was a demon. Karkotaka and Pingala. At the same time Shiva came in the form of a huntsman and saved him. and finding Brahman. Nagas Nagas existed during the period of the epic Mahabharata. Nachiketa with his wits learnt the wisdom taught by Yama. Takshaka. the great Yavana warrior King in the Indian epic Mahabharata. Thus having learnt from Yama. Mitra One of the Adityas. the divine bow. found in Hindu mythology. Moksha Refers to liberation from the cycle of death and rebirth. Muchukunda Muchukunda was a great sage who kills Kalayavan. who was sent to disturb the austerities. Mukasura went to forest where Arjuna was practicing his vows of prayer. The demi-god tribe called Suparnas (in which Garuda belonged) were arch-rivals of the Nagas. and fast and attacked Arjuna in the form of a boar to kill. Nachiketa Nachiketa was son of a cowherd.

Nanda was married to Yasoda. prior to the oblation. who was allegedly given to him by Vasudeva. Nandini Vasishtha's divinely beautiful cow. The descendants of Nagas were called Nagavanshi. Also name for Man. Nanda Nanda is head of a tribe of cowherds and foster-father of Krishna. Nandi Nandi is the white bull which Shiva rides. child of Kamadhenu. Krishna derives his name Nandalal (meaning son of Nanda) from him. Nara Arjuna or Dhananjaya. Nala King of Nishadha who lost his Kingdom in a game of dice and deserted his wife Damayanti because of a curse. The white color of the bull symbolizes purity and justice. It includes a number of Jats and Rajput clans. Narasimha The fourth avatar of Vishnu. and the leader of the Ganas.Nagavanshi dynasty is one of the Kshatriya dynasties of India . Nakula Fourth brother of the Pandavas. The worshippers of Naga (serpent) were known as Naga or Nagil. Naivedhya Food or eatables prepared as offerings to God. . Prasad. He is a mixed form of a man and a lion. Nahusha A mighty King who was made King of the gods because Indra had disappeared due to him killing Vritra through sin and deceit.

The name is also associated with Brahma and Krishna. Neta Neta was daughter of Shiva and friend of Manasa Devi. Mrityuloka and Patalloka to find out about the life and welfare of people. Nikumbha One of Ravana's generals who led the rakshasas against the host of monkeys and was slain. Narayana Narayana is an important Sanskrit name for Vishnu. the ultimate nomad. He is regarded the Manasputra of Brahma as he was born of his thoughts. Narayaasrama A charming forest where the Pandavas had halted during their wanderings. Narmada One of the most important sacred river. Narayaanstra Narayanastra is the personal missile weapon of Vishnu in his Narayana form. He is regarded as the Triloka sanchaari. Nila . who roams the three lokas of Swargaloka . originating from Amarkantak is believed to have descended from the sky by the order of Lord Shiva. as a daughter of the moon. Narishyanta Narishyanta was son of Vaivasvata Manu and belongs to solar race of Kshatriyas. this astra lets loose a powerful tirade of millions of deadly arrows simultaneously.Narada Narada is the Hindu divine sage. He is also identified with. as a 'mind-born daughter' of the Somapas. or as the son of. and as sister of the Nagas. Purusha. the original man. The personified river is variously represented as being daughter of a Rishi named Mekala (from whom she is called Mekala and Mekala-kanya).

Pandavas Pandavas are the five acknowledged sons of Pandu. Pandu Second son of Vichitravirya and Ambalika who succeeded to the throne of Hastinapura on his father's death. Panchala Panchala corresponds to the geographical area between the Ganges River and Yamuna River around the city of Kanpur and Benares. They are Yudhishtira. Anciently. Bhima. Panchali Another name of Draupadi. One of the monkey host placed at the gate guarded by Prahasta. Arjuna and Nakula . one of the Mahajanapadas. Panchvati The place beside the river Godavari where Rama.Son of Agni. also called the "flame of the forest". Sita and Laxmana stayed in exile. by his two wives Kunti and Madri. it was home to an Indian Kingdom. Panchajanya Name of Krishna's conch. Lord of the gods had lived once disguised as a brahmana. Palasa A tree. Queen of the Pandavas and daughter of King Drupada. the Panchalas. father of the Pandavas. Nishadha A country where Indra. Sahadeva. King of the Nishadha was Guha who guarded Rama after he crossed Koshala Kingdom on his exile. Panchalya A son of King Drupada who died in the war. as his elder brother Dhritarashtra was born blind. .

. Parashurama's creation was a mistake as his mother was given a concoction made to produce a Kshatriya child. the consort of Shiva and mother of Ganesha and Karthikeya. who was killed with a spear by a friend for his sin. Partha Another name of Arjuna. Parvati Goddess of love. Parada The name of a brahman who brought news of Nala to Damayanti. He received an axe after undertaking a terrible penance to please Shiva. Parasara A great sage. Parashurama Sixth avatara of Vishnu. father of Veda Vyasa. Pasupatastra Pasupatastra is the irresistible and most destructive personal weapon of Siva.Paramhamsa The supreme swan. the son of Jamadagni. His name literally means Rama-with-theaxe. from whom he learned the methods of warfare and other skills. Parikshit Son of Abhimanyu and grandson of the Pandavas who was crowned King after the holocaust claimed the Kauravas and the Pandavas. Paurava A Kaurava hero. Paravasu Son of Raibhva and elder brother of Arvavasu whose wife was violated by Yavakrida. Parashurama was of mixed varna.

Pratikhami Duryodhana's charioteer. after being presented to God. Phalguna Arjuna. Prabhasa The Vasu who seized Vasishtha's divine cow. Prayag The holy place where Ganga and Jamuna meet. Pritha Mother of Karna and of the Pandavas.Pavanrekha Wife of Ugrasena. children of Brahma. Prahasta Means long-head. equvivalent Kunti. including Daksha. Prasad Food or other offerings. Pradyumna Son of Krishna and Rukmani. mother of Kamsa. Pitamaha Literally means grandfather. Naivedhya. Bhishma. Prajapati Prajapatis are a group (or one) of creation gods. . considered to be sanctified. One of Ravana's generals slain by Nila.

Bharata.Pudarikaksha Krishna. and liberation from the cycle of reincarnation (moksha). Rahu Rahu is a snake that swallows the sun or the moon causing eclipses. which gets its name. Rahu is one of the navagrahas. The other Radha is the wife of the charioteer Adhiratha. from Lord Vishnu appearing to him as Hrishikesh. son of Dasaratha . This place is very holy. a place. who built a beautiful wax palace named "Sivam" in Varanavata. It is one of the names of Vishnu and means the Supreme and ideal most amoung men. who found an abandoned new-born boy. whom he named Karna. these goals are sensual pleasures ( kama). Purushottama An epithet of Sri Krishna. Purumitra A Kaurava warrior. Arranged from lowest to highest. Pushkara The brother of Nala to whom nala lost his Kingdom and all that he possessed in gambling. worldly status and security (artha). Purushartha The four chief aims of human life. personal righteousness and social morality (dharma). Purochana An architect and friend of Duryodhana. Krishna plays with her during his upbringing as a young boy. the lotus-eyed one. Radha Radha is one of the gopis (cow-herding girls) of the forest of Vrindavan. Raibhya A sage whose hermitage was situated on the banks of the Ganga. The Pandavas during their wanderings visited it. near Rishikesh.

Radheya Son of Radha. The life and heroic deeds of Rama are written in the Sanskrit epic. . the beautiful wife of Lord Ramac. Sanatkumar became one with God. Rambha An apsara in the court of Indra. Indra was cleansed of his sin of killing Vritra unfairly by bathing in this ghat. mother of the gods. the God of love. Rajasuya A sacrifice performed by a King to be entitled to assume the title of "Emperor". a name of Karna.bathed here. Ramanaka dwipa The home of Kaliya Naga. and a daughter of Daksha. on the banks of Jamuna river. Rama The Seventh Avatara of Vishnu. Rakshasa A rakshasa alternately. the wife of the Charioteer Adhiratha. The Ramayana. raksasa or rakshas is a demon or unrighteous spirit in Hinduism. Rati Rati is the goddess of passion and lust. Ravana is depicted in art with up to ten heads. prayed here to be blessed with a son. Ravana King of Lanka who abducted Sita. Aditi. Rewati Daughter of Raja Rewat who marries Balarama. signifying that he had knowledge spanning all the ten directions. a poisonous snake. She married Kamadeva. who as a foundling was brought up as a son by Radha.

an ascetic. invited him. Rudra A Rigvedic god of the storm. a priest. Rudra is an early form of Shiva and a name of Shiva in the Shiva sahasranama. death. Ritupara The King of Ayodhya to whom Nala became the charioteer. Rukma . Rohini The wife of Vasudeva and mother of Balarama Romapada King of Anga which was once visited by a great drought. an author of Vedic hymns. known as the Vedas. to bring rain and plenty. a preceptor. Nature and the Wind. Rishyamuk Mountain on which Sugriva lived. the hunt. Rishabha Rishabha. The second note of the Indian classical music. the bull. who had grown up seeing no mortal except his father. Rishyasringa Son of sage Vibhandaka. a sage. a Hindu god mentioned in epic and Puranic literature. a prophet and a hermit into a single person. which was afflicted with a dire famine. a saint.Rigveda The Rigveda is a collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns counted as the holiest of the four religious texts of Hindus. is an unusual avatar of Vishnu. The King of Anga. Rishi A rishi is regarded as a combination of a patriarch.

or a particular goal such as blessing from a deity. and ruled over it. She was an avatar of Lakshmi. ancestor to King Dasharatha. Sahadéva Youngest of the Pandava princes who offered the first honors to Krishna at the Rajasuya sacrifices. which is liberation from the cycle of birth and death (Samsara). Rukmini Daughter of Raja Bhismak. Sakra . King of the gods on whom Nahusha's evil eye fell. Sairandhri A maid servant or female attendant employed in royal female apartments. When defeated by Balarama and Krishna he established a new city Bhojakata. Rukmini was the first wife and queen of Krishna. Heir apparent to the throne of Vidarbha. Shachi Wife of Indra. She was also known as Indrani.Elder brother of Rukmani. Sagara King Sagar is one of the greatest Kings of Suryavansha in the Satya Yuga. Sadhana Spiritual exercise by a Sadhu or a Sadhaka to attain moksha. He was King of Ayodhya. born at Kundalpur. Saibya A ruler friendly to the Pandavas. Asamanja was his son from Keshini. the capital of Vidarbha. He had two wives Keshini and Sumati. Saindhava Jayadratha.

Samadhi A term used in yogic meditation. who married Lakshmana.Sakra is identified with the Vedic deity Indra. Salva Friend of Sisupala. as a wager in a rigged game of dice. Sampati Sampati was one of the two sons of Aruna. Sambu Sambu was son of Krishna. He won the Pandavas' half of the Kingdom for his nephew. propounded by sage Kapila. He was very fond of his nephew Duryodhana. Samsaptaka One who has taken a vow to conquer or die. Sampati lost his wings when he was a child. Shakuni Shakuni was the brother of Gandhari. The Samsaptakas were suicide-squads. vowed to some desperate deed of daring. Samadhi is also the Hindi word for a structure commemorating the dead. Shalya Ruler of Madradesa and brother of Madri and uncle of the Pandavas who because of having received hospitality from Duryodhana went over to his side. Sakra is sometimes named as one of the twelve Adityas. and never to retreat. daughter of Duryodhana. elder brother of Jatayu. Samvarta . who besieged Dwaraka Sri Krishna's Kingdom to avenge Sisupala's death at the latter's hand. Samkhya A school of philosophy emphasising a dualism between Purusha and Prakrti.

he had to get into Sanga's chariot. who got angry with Devayani and pushed her into a dry well. Sanga Son of Virata. having lost his chariot. Sarasana One of the Kaurava brothers who died in the war. The river where Lakshamana practices austerities. . Sarayu Sarayu was an ancient Indian river. horses and charioteer. the Creator. Sarmishtha Princess and daughter of asura King Vrishaparva. When King Virata was wounded. father of Bhishma. Wife of sage Rishyasringa. as foretold by rishis. a person of great learning. Samba A Yadava youngster dressed as a woman who gave birth to a mace. the other two being Lakshmi and Durga.Brihaspati's younger brother. Sanyasi One who has renounced the world and its concerns. Saraswati Saraswati is the first of the three great goddesses of Hinduism. Santanu King of Hastinapura. and Puru. Anu. Sarmishtha gave birth to Druhyu. Saraswati is the consort of Lord Brahma. wife of Yayati. Santa Daughter of Dasharatha. Sanjaya The narrator who tells blind Dhritarashtra the progress of the war from day to day.

Satyaki A Yadava warrior. Savitri . Embodiment as Krishna.Satanika Virata's son whose bead was severed by Drona. Sivakamini etc. friend of Krishna and the Pandavas who advocated collecting their forces and defeating the unrighteous Duryodhana. Satyavati A fisherman's daughter who possessed uncommon beauty and emanated a divinely sweet fragrance and King Santanu became enamored of her. Aparna. a hero who stood by Yudhishthira to prevent him being taken prisoner by Drona. Lalitha. Saugandhika A plant that produced a very beautiful and fragrant flower that Bhima went to get for Draupadi. Other names for Dakshayani include Gauri. Satyavrata Warrior on the Kaurava side. Satyavan Meaning the truth-speaker. Shantanu. while Arjuna was away answering a challenge by the Samsaptakas (the Trigartas). The wife of Bhishma's father. married her and made her his queen. husband of Savitri. Uma. Dakshayani is the consort of Shiva. Sati One of name of Dakshayani. Satya Narayana Vishnu. Satyajit A Panchala prince.

A name of Arjuna who could use his bow with the same skill with either hands. Shesha Shesha is a naga. Shantanu weds Satyavati. Equivalent-Ananta or Ati-sheshan. Shalwa The King with whom Amba was secretly in love. Shesha is said to hold all the planets of the universe on his hoods and to constantly sing the glories of Vishnu from all his mouths. Shatrughna One of Dasharatha's four sons. Sankha was also the name of one of sons of King Virata who was killed in Mahabharata. . Shakuntala Shakuntala was mother of Emperor Bharata and the wife of Dushyanta. friend of Chand Sagar. father of Bhishma. a fisherman's daughter. dynamic principles of feminine power. A great magician . one who can use both hands with equal facility and effect. In the Puranas. King of Madhu. Shakuntala was born of Vishvamitra and Menaka. Sankha Shankha is the divine Counch or sea shell. Shankara A name of Shiva. one of the primal beings of creation. Savyasachi Ambidexter. Shakti An aspect of Devi and a personification of God as the Divine Mother who represents the active.Wife of Satyavan. Shantanu Shantanu was King of Hastinapura. which is one of the insignia in the Hindu God Vishnu's hands.

Shiva is commonly known as "the destroyer" and is the third god of the Trimurti. he was therefore cousin of Krishna. by Srutadeva. the delight of Vishnu. he is also associated with the planet Shukra (Venus) which is named after him. but he was Krishna's implacable foe. He had been born in an earlier lifetime as a woman named Amba. Indra and Agni once tested his generosity by becoming birds when the King gave flesh from his body to fulfil his duty. Simhanada . because Krishna had carried off Rukmini. King of Chedi. Shikhandi Daughter-son of Drupada. warrior on the Pandava side. Shishupala was Identical with Hiranyakashipu who was slain by Krishna at the time of Dharmaputra's Rajasuya sacrifice. He was born as the son of Rishi Brighu and his wife Ushana.Shiva A supreme God in Hinduism. Shrutkirti Daughter of Kushadhwaja. Shukracharya Shukracharya was a guru in Hindu mythology. powerful and generous King. who was rejected by Bhishma for marriage. Siddhashrama The Shiva's hermitage. sister of Vasudeva. Shivi Shivi was a great. Known as the guru of the Asuras. Shri Another name of Lakshmi. a goddess. A girl turned man. his intended wife. bestowed on Shatrughna. Shishupala Shishupala was son of Damaghosha.

. A kinsman of the Kauravas. Sini One of the suitors to Devaki's hand. Vishnu's eternal consort. Sloka A verse of lines in Sanskrit. Sruti Hindu scriptures. Sita Sita was the wife of Rama. Shruti is believed to have no author. Sita was herself an avatara of Lakshmi. heard by rishis. which contains many hymns praising its energizing or intoxicating qualities. and endure an arduous life. A kinsman of the Kauravas. Somadutta One of the suitors to Devaki's hand. rather a divine recording of the "cosmic sounds of truth". which follows Advaita philosophy and considers that all gods are manifestations of Ishvar. It is frequently mentioned in the Rigveda. Sindhu The Indus River. typically recited as a prayer.A lion-note or roar. and is esteemed an exemplar of womanly and wifely virtue. who chose to reincarnate herself on Earth as Sita. in order to provide humankind an example of such virtues. a deep roar of defiance or triumph which warriors were wont to utter to inspire confidence in their friends. of terror in their enemies. Soma A ritual drink of importance among Hindus. when he coursed through the air like Garuda in search of Sita. originating in the vicinity of Lake Mansarovar. Sinhikha The grim rakshasi who rose from the sea and caught Hanuman. Smarta A Hindu denomination.

Subrahmaniam Another name for Lord Kartikeya. Subahu King of Kulinda in the Himalayas. Sudakshina A warrior on the Kaurava side. mother of Ashtavakra. 2. his disciple who had virtue and devotion but not much of erudition. He was friend of Damayanti's brother. ally of the Kauravas. follower of Kubera. and brother of mighty Vali whom Sri Rama killed. Sudarsana Sudarshan Chakra is a spinning disc like weapon with very sharp edge. A rakshasa who helps disturb Vishvamitra's sacrifices. . which is one of the weapons in the Hindu God Vishnu's hands. Sudeshna Queen of King Virata whom Sairandhri (Draupadi) served. Son of Shiva and Parvati. sister of Sri Krishna and mother of Abhimanyu. Sudeva A Brahman who traced Damayanti in Chedi and later helps Damayanti in her quest to find Nala. He was slain by Lord Rama. friend of Sri Rama.Sthua A Yaksha. Sujata Daughter of Sage Uddalaka and wife of Kagola. Subhadra Wife of Arjuna. Sugriva Monkey-King. Subahu was a demon who tried to interrupt Viswamitra's yaga. who exchanges his identity with Shikhandin. A warrior on the Kaurava army.

grandson of Arjuna. Surabhi The wish-bestowing cow that came first from the sea in the process of churning of the Ocean by gods and asuras.Fair-maid. Surpankha . Suman Son of Asamanja. who related the Srimad Bhagavata to King Parikshit.Suka A sage. who besowed them the boon that nobody else would slay them. Sukanya Meaning . son of Vyasa. One of Dasharatha's three wives. Suniti Mother of Dhruva. Suparshwa One of Ravana's counsellors. mother of Lakshamana and Shatrughna. Sumitra Abhimanyu's charioteer. Sumati Wife of Sagara. bare of any garment. The wife of Chyavana whom the Ashvins beheld at her bath. Sunda Sunda and Upasunda were two brave and powerful asura princes who performed austerities to please Brahma. Later Brahma created a beautiful apsara Tilottama to create differences within and destroyed them mutually. other than each other.

Astutayu Two brothers fighting on the Kaurava side attacked Arjuna but were killed. Ramachandra or Sri Rama. related to and somewhat later than the Upanishads. Her mother Parnasa had obtained that gift from Varuna who had specified that . desires Rama. Suvarna A soldier on the Kaurava side. Sri Rama Also knew as Rama. Virata's country. Srutayudha A Kaurava warrior whose mace hurled at Krishna rebounded fiercely. Supratika Name of King Bhagadatta's elephant. killing Srutayudha himself. Srutayu. Sutra Sutra refers to an aphorism or a collection of such aphorisms in the form of a book or text. 'Sutras' form a school of Vedic study. a supporter of the Kauravas who backed the proposal to invade Matsya. seeks to become Lakshamana's wife. Surya Sun God. Srinjayas Pandava supporters. at siege of Lanka. Sushena A monkey chief . Susarma King of Trigarta. one of the three main Vedic Gods.Sister of Ravana.

Tandava Siva's cosmic dance. Swarga Heaven. Tara is also the name of Vali's queen. that souls have no lord and that performance of works alone suffices for the attainment of salvation. Taraka A demon slain by Kumara. who taught that the universe is eternal. a place where all wishes and desires are gratified. Tara Mahadevi. Taragam Taragam is the name of forest. else it would kill the person who hurls it. Kali. or Parvati. and was the cause of his becoming the father of Kalayavana. Sveta A son of King Virata who fell in battle to Bhishma's arrow. Shiva taught them lesson and they became his followers. Syala A Yadava prince who insulted the sage Gargya. where dwelt ten thousand heretical rishis. . Tantripala Assumed name of Sahadeva at Virata's court. This legend is associated with Shiva's dance.the mace should not be used against one who does not fight. The heaven of Indra where mortals after death enjoy the results of their good deeds on earth. Tall One of Ravana's counsellors. the first son of Shiva. a great foe of Krishna and the Yadava family.

Uddalaka A great sage and teacher of Vedanta. but due to their impious nature. She is reputed to have been created by Vishwakarma from Tila seeds. It is fed on ambrosia. and son of Sahasranika. He was one of the seven sons of Ravana. Uddhava The friend and counselor of Krishna. Tripura Tripura (meaning three cities. They were great cities of prosperity. and is held to be the King of horses. His capital was Kausambi. He was King of Vatsa. and is commonly called Vatsaraja. produced at the churning of the ocean. Udayana Udayana was a prince of the Lunar race. in Sanskrit) was constructed by the great architect Mayasura. Maya's cities were destroyed by Lord Shiva. power and dominance over the world. the brother of Vasudeva. one having three heads. deposed by his son Kamsa. was an asura mentioned in the Ramayana. Ujjayini or Ujjain . She was responsible for bringing out the mutual destruction of the Asuras Sunda and Upasunda. Prahasta. Devantaka and Narantaka. According to some he was Krishna's cousin.Tilottama was an Apsaras. Also a name of Agastya. Tulsi A divine plant according to Hinduism Uchchaihsravas Uchchaihsravas was the white horse of Indra. and his other brothers were Indrajit. being son of Devabhaga. Krishna killed Kamsa and established Ugrasena on throne. Trishira Trishira that is. Atikaya. Akshayakumara. His wife was Pavanrekha. He was also called Pavanayadhi. Ugrasena one-time King of Yadavas.

Upasunda Sund and Upasunda were two brave and powerful asura princes who performed austerities to please Brahma. Upachitra One of King Dhritarashtra's sons who perished in the war. He was an ally of the Kauravas. became King of Chedi by command of Indra. Satyavati. Uparichara A Vasu or demigod. Umadevi Wife of Shiva. where the Pandavas settled after their exile of thirteen years. where the Kumbh Mela is held every twelve years. one of the seven sacred cities of the Hindus. other than each other. She was nurse to her stepson. Ulupi A daughter of Kauravya. who besowed them the boon that nobody else would slay them. He had five sons by his wife. Babhruvahana. where the ancient throne of Vikramaditya was discovered. Raja of the Nagas. He was King of a country and people of the same name. and had great influence over him. who. and acted as their envoy to the Pandavas. Uluka 'An owl. It is also home to Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga. and a daughter. with whom Arjuna contracted a kind of marriage. Urmila Second daughter of Janaka.An ancient city in central India . Later Brahma created a beautiful apsara Tilottama to create differences within and destroyed them. he had a son named Matsya (fish). . bestowed on Lakshmana. named Adrika.' Son of Kitava. According to the Vishnu Purana she had a son named Iravat. one of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines to the god Shiva. condemned to live on earth in the form of a fish. and by an Apsaras. according to the Mahabharata. Upaplavya A place in Matsya Kingdom. who was the mother of Vyasa.

and landowners. daughter of Banasura. Vaisampayana A celebrated sage who was the original teacher of the Yajur-Veda. He was a pupil of the great Vyasa. artisans. son of Arjuna. Vaivasvata Manu . Usha Wife of Aniruddha. She married Abhimanyu. Vaishya One of the four classification in Hindu tradition as per their occupation which comprises of merchants. which he afterwards recited to King Janamejaya. Uttanka Uttanka was a pupil of Veda. Vaishnava The followers of Vaishnavism are referred to as Vaishnava. Uttara A son of the Raja of Virata. whose amorous overtures Arjuna declined. Vaishravan Elder brother of Ravana to whom Rama returned Pushpaka after the death of Ravana. the third pupil of Dhaumya rishi. The other two pupils of Uttanka were Janamejaya and Poshya. Uttara was killed in battle by Salya. Ushanas Ushanas were appointed as priests of asuras. Uttara A daughter of the Raja of Virata. who knew the science of bringing to life. from whom he learned Mahabharata.Urvasi An apsara in Indra's court.

Bana was a follower of Siva. He was son of Bali. one of five aspects of the universe he embodies. . He was killed by Rama. He was born to Saranya and Vivasvat and was the King of Dravida during the epoch of the Matsya Purana. Vamadeva Vamadeva is the name of the "preserver" aspect of the god Shiva. King of Kishkindha and the cruel elder brother of Sugriva. a son of Indra. he worked as a cook at Virata's court. Valala Assumed name of Bhima when. Varaha The third avatar of Vishnu. Vandi Court poet of Mithila who on being defeated by Sage Ashtavakra in a debate drowned himself in the ocean and went to the abode of Varuna. who came in the form of a boar. Also one of Dasharatha's priest. Vajrahanu One of Ravana's generals. Vali One of five great monkey warriors in Ramayana. Valmiki Sage Valmiki is the author of the Hindu epic Ramayana. taught Ramayana to Rama's twin sons Kusa and Lava.Vaivasvata Manu (also Manu Vaivasvate) is one of the 14 Manus. was a thousand-armed asura and very powerful. Banasura had a beautiful daughter named Usha. He was the founder of the Suryavansha race of Kings. Vanasur Same as Banasur. Vamana The fifth Avatara of Vishnu as that of a dwarf brahmin.

King of Ayodhya. Varavata A forest in which the Pandavas were asked to stay in a wax-house which was to be set on fire at midnight in order to kill the Pandavas while they were asleep. Varuna God of the sky. Vareya The charioteer of Rituparna. Vasava The name of arrow given by Indra to Karna. of rain and of the celestial ocean. Vatapi . Father of Krishna.Varna Means colour. He was used by the Gods and Asuras as a coil round the mountain Mandara at the churning of the ocean. He was Brahma's son. Vasishta Vasishta was chief of the seven sages (Saptarishis) and the Rajaguru of the Suryavamsha. Vasuki King of the Nagas or serpents who live in Patala. husband of Rohini and Devaki. Vaishya and Shudra. It means both son of Vasudeva and the supreme spirit that pervades the universe. who could grant anything to their owners. Varna also refers to the four classification in Hindu tradition as per their occupation as Brahmin. Kshatriya. who accompanied with Bahuka. Vasudhana Another warrior who perished in the battle on the Twelfth Day. He had in his possession the divine cow Kamadhenu. Arundhati was his wife. A name of Krishna. and her child Nandini. Vasudeva Descendant of Yadu.

A friend of pandavas. Veda Vedas form the earliest record of the Hindu scriptures. Vayu The god of air and wind who is also father of Bhima and Hanuman. Vibhishana Vibhishana was brother of Ravana. Vibhandaka A hermit who retired from the world and lived in the forest with his infant son Rishyasringa. Yajur and Atharva Veda Vyasa Vyasa. Dhritarashtra and Pandu. After Krishna. Vidarbha Vidarbha has been mentioned in Mahabharata as the capital city. Queen Ambika and Ambalika. became King. He had two sons. Vichitravirya Vichitravirya was Bhishma's half brother. the elder brother of Vichitravirya. Vichitravirya. to return her to Rama. author of the Mahabharata. who abducted Sita. There are four Vedas called Rig.Vatapi and Ilvala are two Rakshasas who are mentioned in the Ramayana as dwelling in the Dandaka forest. He was a noble character and advised Ravana. When he died childless. Vijaya . Chitrangada. Vidura Vidura was a son of a maid-servant who served the Queens of Hastinapura. succeeded Santanu to the throne of Hastinapura. Sama. the younger son of Queen Satyavati and King Santanu. he was the most trusted advisor to the Pandavas and had warned them repeatedly about Duryodhana's plots.

the country which was suggested by Bhima to live in disguise during the thirteenth year of their exile. 'hare-eater. declared that this act had polluted the food.Name of Karna's bow. notably the Gupta King Chandragupta II. Anuvinda Two brothers Kings of Avanti. Virata King of Matsya. Vikukshi A King of the Surya vansh. and Vasishtha. valour and magnanimity. The title "Vikramaditya" has also been assumed by many Kings in Indian history. Vikarna A son of Dhritarashtra who declared the staking of Draupadi is illegal. who succeeded his father.. Ikshwaku. Hero of Vikram and Vetal tales. Vindhyas Vindhyas is a range of hills in central India . the priest. Vikramaditya Vikramaditya is the name of a legendary King of Ujjain. Virabhadra Virabhadra was a demon that sprang from Shiva's lock of hair out of anger during Daksha yaga when Sati devi gave up her life.' He was sent by his father to hunt and obtain flesh suitable for offerings. Viradha A fierce rakshasa who seizes Sita. Virasen . famed for his wisdom. Vinda. He received the name of Sasada. which geographically separates the Indian subcontinent into northern India and Southern India. Being weary and hungry he ate a hare. they suffered defeat at the hands of Yudhamanyu. great soldiers whom were on the Kaurava side. as Yudhishthira himself was a slave and had lost all his rights.

He is also called Drisana. Virochana An asura. especially Krishna and Rama. he is the divine craftsman of the whole universe. Son of Brahma. and father of Bali. along with Brahma and Shiva. son of Prahlada. Known as the Preserver. He is also credited as the author some parts of the Rigveda. Vishnu One of the Trimurtis (Hindu Trinity). father of Jayadratha into whose lap his son's head was fell by Arjuna. .Father of Raja Nala. Virochana acted as the calf of the Asuras. Vishvakarma Vishwakarma is the presiding deity of all craftsmen and architects. Visoka Bhima's charioteer. including the Gayatri Mantra. When the earth was milked. King of Nishadha. and the official builder of all the gods' palaces. and all their weapons. Vivimsati A Kaurava hero. Visvarupa Name of Twashta's son who became the preceptor of the gods. Vishwakarma is also the designer of all the flying chariots of the gods. He is most famously identified with His avatars. He was originally a Kshatriya but by austerities earned the title of Brahmarishi. Vriddhakshatra King of the Sindhus. Vrika A Panchala prince who fell in battle. Visvamitra Vishvamitra was one of the most venerated rishi or sages of since ancient times.

an epithet of Bhima. his mother Gandhari cursed that after 36 years Krishna should persish alone miserably and his people. Vrishdarbha A King of Varanasi. the Pigeon. He was son of Twashta who was defeated by Indra's weapons Vajrayudha.Vrindavana A garden in Mathura where Krishna passed his youth. Vritra Means "the enveloper". Vrikodara Wolf-bellied. Yadavas The descendants of Yadu. and Hawk". Vrishni A descendent of Yadu. associated with the story of "The King. slain by Arjuna. was an Asura and also a serpent or dragon. son of sage Parashara. from whom Krishna got the name Varshneya. Vrishni The people of Dwaraka to which belonged Krishna. . A warrior on the Kaurava side. Vrisha. Vrishasena Son of Karna. He was born out of his father's sacrificial flames and became Indra's mortal enemy. After the death of Duryodhana. Vyasa Compiler of the Vedas. Achala Sakuni's brothers. the Vrishnis. should be destroyed. under the name of Gopala. who lived near the Yamuna river. denoting his slimness of waist and insatiable hunger. among the cowherds. Vritra.

. The epic Mahabharata and Puranas refer to Yadu as the eldest son of mythological King Yayati. Yaka Yaksha or Yakkha is the name of a broad class of nature-spirits or minor deities who appear in Hindu mythology. Yama Yama. Often it involves a fire. Traditionally. Karma Yoga. His descendants are called Yadavas. Yavakrida Son of Sage Bharadwaja who was bent upon mastering the Vedas. One of the ancestors of the Pandavas who became prematurely old due to Sukracharya's curse. Yashoda also was mother to Balarama and his sister Subhadra.Yadu A prince of the Chandra vansh. Krishna. Jnana Yoga. Yaduvamsi Those of the clan of Yadu. Yashoda Yahsoda was wife of Nanda and foster-mother of. in the centre of the stage and items are offered into the fire. Yayati Emperor of the Bharata race who rescued Devayani from the well into which she had been thrown by Sarmishtha. God of dharma. which represents the god Agni. The feminine form of the word is yaki or yaki. Yoga Spiritual practices performed primarily as a means to enlightenment. also known as Yamaraja is the lord of death. Yajna A Vedic ritual or sacrifice performed to please the Gods or sometimes to the Supreme Spirit Brahman. who was given to them by Vasudeva. He later married both Devayani and Sarmishtha. whose son was Yudhishthira. Bhakti Yoga. and Raja Yoga are considered the four main yogas. Hatha Yoga has asanas or exercises.

. Yudhishthira Yudhisthira was the eldest son of King Pandu and Queen Kunti. Yuyudhana Another name of Satyaki.Yogi One who practices yoga. and for his unblemished piety. who was assigned the task of protecting the wheels of Arjuna's chariot along with Uttamauja. Yuyutsu A noble son of Dhritarashtra who bent his head in shame and sorrow when Yudhishthira lost Draupadi. who was not killed in the warfare but in a mutual fight among Yadavas. the cycle of creation is divided into four yugas (ages or eras). known as Dharmaraja. King of Hastinapura and Indraprastha. Yuga In Hindu philosophy. He also disapproved of the unfair way in which Abhimanyu was killed. He was the principal protagonist of the Kurukshetra War. Refer above for Yoga. Yudhamanyu A Panchala prince supporting the Pandavas. He was slain in his sleep by Ashvatthama.

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