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Magical Realism

World Literature

but contrasting elements invade the realism and change the whole basis of the art.Magical Realism  Frame or surface of the work may be conventionally realistic.     Supernatural Myth Dream Fantasy .

South America) Isabel Allende (Chile. South America) Günter Grass (Germany) Italo Calvino (Italy) Umberto Eco (Italy) .Magical Realism  Popularity in many parts of the world just after WWII       Jorge Luis Borges (Argentina. South America) Gabriel García Márquez (Columbia.

Magical Realism  Popularity in many parts of the world just after WWII        John Fowles John Barth Thomas Pynchon Emma Tennant Don DeLillo Salman Rushdie Leslie Silko .

our own sense of what is possible is amplified and enriched. . Ordinary objects and events are enchanted. Because the magical events in Macondo are presented matterof-factly. Marquez asks us to question our assumptions about our world.Márquez on Magical Realism     The question of what is real is at the heart of magical realism. Implies that our notions of reality are too limited—that reality includes magic. and to examine our certainties about ourselves and our community. By making things happen in his fictional world of Macondo that do not happen in most novels (or in most readers' experiences either). miracles and monsters.

because it facilitates the inclusion of alternative belief systems.Márquez on Magical Realism    Suggests that cultures and countries differ in what they call "real. with the result that ancient myths are often just beneath the surface of modernity. . where European and indigenous cultures have mixed." It is here that magical realism serves its most important function. It is no coincidence that magical realism is flourishing in cultures such as Mexico and Colombia.

Is not "either/or" but "both at once" . Undermines our certainties.Magical Realism     Engages belief systems that defy rational. thus requiring us to question what is "real. empirical (scientific) proof Crucial difference between magical realism and science fiction/fantasy is that magical realism sets magical events in realistic contexts. and we eventually accept (often without authorial explanation) the fusion. or co-existence. of contradictory worlds—worlds that would be irreconcilable in other modes of fiction." and how we can tell.

like most novels.  “If this happens. then this will follow. or for reasons that we don't expect.Magical Realism  Events don't follow our expectations of “if/then”.”  Things often happen without an explanation. .

and their individuality resembles our own. and family histories.Magical Realism  Also defies our expectation of fictional selves. characters are given individualized names. personalities. . We identify with them because their specific humanity engages us.   In realistic novels.

about to be stabbed to death from behind. Do you turn and look behind you? . reading a novel about a man sitting in an armchair. Imagine you are sitting in an armchair.Magical Realism    Objects and places in magical realist novels behave in ways that they could not in a realistic fiction. reading a novel about a man sitting in an armchair who is about to be stabbed to death from behind and is reading a novel.

Some Pop Culture Examples .

Magical Realism and Surrealism in Art .

Lois Parkinson.oprah.   Harmon & Holman. 10th ed.” Oprah’s Book oyos_magic_nutshell. <http://www.Sources  Zamora. A Handbook to Literature. “Magical Realism in a Nutshell. Images taken from Google Images .jhtml>.