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If the ratio of 2x   y to x + y is 2 to 3, what is the ratio of x to y ? Express your answer as a common fraction.
z z x = 2 and x = 4, what is the value of y ? If y

Algebra - Level 2

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The endpoints of a line segment are (2, 3) and (8, 15). What is the sum of the coordinates of the midpoint? In the sequence 16, 80, 48, 64, A, B, C, D, each term beyond the second term is the arithmetic mean (average) of the previous two terms. What is the value of D? What is 200 to the nearest tenth? Solve for n: 2n ¡ 4n = 64n 36 . What is the product of the coordinates of the midpoint of a line segment with endpoints at (2; 3) and ( 6; 5)? Evaluate: (22 )3 . What percent of 5x is equal to x =5? While watching a parade I saw some clowns and horses. I counted 30 legs and 10 heads. How many horses did I see in the parade? Find the minimum value of the function f (x ) = 3(x 2   1) + 2. What is the value of 1;000;000   3 1;000;000?

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after how many bounces does the ball .(13) 2 A ball bounces back up 3 of the height from which it falls. If the ball is dropped from a height of 243 cm.

1). 0). What was the original price? A line goes through point A(9.rst rise less than 30 cm? (14) Jamie bought new jeans for \$10 because the price marked was 75% o the original price. k ) and point C (7. . What is the value of k ? How many square feet are in three square yards? If f (x ) = 8x 3   6x 2   4x + 5. point B (19.

41. What is the greater of the two squares? In the arithmetic sequence 17. In a similar 40 by 40 grid of squares that are the same size. a. c . b. what is the value of b? In this 2 by 2 grid of squares.nd the value of f ( 2). what is the total length of all of the line segments? (15) (16) (17) (18) (19) (20) . the total length of all 12 of the line segments is 12 units. The positive di erence between two consecutive perfect squares is 35.

What was the correct answer? If x 2 = y   3 and x =  5.(21) exponents. and the remaining 12 cards to a third friend. Maria mistakenly multiplied and got 120. How many cards did Paul have at the beginning? Eighty percent of the students in a class (group A) share 40% of the candy equally. He gave half his cards to one friend. what is the value of y ? (23) (24) (25) Copyright MATHCOUNTS Inc. The ratio of the amount of candy a student in group A has to the amount of candy a student in group B has is equal to what common fraction? Mr. Juan subtracted by mistake and got 2. Simplify: 9m7 p 12 12m5 p 15 Express your answer as a common fraction with positive (22) Paul shared his baseball cards with three friends. All rights reserved . Sanchez's students were asked to add two positive integers. one-third of the cards that were left to his second friend. The remaining 20% of the students (group B) share the other 60% of the candy equally.

1 72 -8 64 4 percent 5 horses -1 900 6 bounces 40 dollars 6 27 square feet -75 324 29 3280 units 36 cards 1/6 22 28 3m2 4p 3 Problem ID 14112 1DBC DC53 AD22 511D1 2253 A43D C02B CB5 3C02 C3241 B2C2 3D42 255 41BC B212 CCB22 5BC DA42 3B31 5012 25051 A02 01D3 2201 Copyright MATHCOUNTS Inc.Answer Sheet Number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Answer 5/4 8 14 59 14. All rights reserved .

4 = z x ¡ =4¡2= 8. (3) x2 y1 +y2 The midpoint of a line segment with endpoints (x1 . . the midpoint of this line segment is 2+8 . which simpli. (x2 . 2 2 3+15 Thus. the ratio of x to y is (2) 8 z y ID: [1DBC] x y 5 . Multiplying both sides by 3(x + y ). y1 ). we obtain 3 3(2x   y ) = 2(x + y ) A 6x   3y = 2x + 2y A 4x = 5y A4¡ A x y x y =5 = 5 : 4 Thus.Solutions (1) 5/4 It is given that ID: [14112] 2x  y x +y =2 . . y2 ) is x1 + .

14 ID: [DC53] (4) 59 We have ID: [AD22] So the answer is 59 . 2 2 the sum of the coordinates of the midpoint is 14 . 64 + 48 = 56 2 64 + 56 B = = 60 2 60 + 56 C = = 58 2 58 + 60 = 59 D = 2 A = . 9).es to (5 . Thus.

which is very close to 200. We now try to .(5) We know that 142 = 196.

our estimate for 14:22 is approximately 198:8 +p 2:8 = 201:6. Thus. 72 14.nd 14:12 . 4). Thus our desired answer is 2 2  2 ¡ 4 =  8 . 2n+2n = 26(n 36) A 3n = 6n   216 So 3n = 216 A n = 72 . so 200 is approximately equal to 14:1 .1 ID: [511D1] (6) Since 4 = 2 . We know that 14:1 = 14 + 0:1. 4 percent ID: [CB5] x= ID: [C02B] (9) We can see that This is equal to 4 percent. = ( 2. 64n 36 = 26(n 36) . then 14:22 must be at least 2:8 greater than 14:12 . our 2 2 estimate for 14:1 is closer to 200 than that for 14:2 . Since 64 = 26 . 5x 5 = 1 : 25 . 4 = 22n . Since 14:12 is roughly about 2:8 greater than 142 . However. we 6 3+5 see that the midpoint has coordinates 2  . 64 -8 ID: [A43D] (8) We have (22 )3 = 22¡3 = 26 = 64 . ID: [2253] 2 n (7) Since the midpoint of a segment has coordinates that are the average of the endpoints'. Therefore. so we have that 14:12 = (14 + 0:1)2 = 142 + 2(0:1)(14) + 0:12 = 196 + 2:8 + 0:01 = 198:81.

Assuming that each clown has 2 legs and 1 head. we can set up the following system of equations: 2c + 4h = 30 c + h = 10 To solve for h.(10) 5 horses Let the number of clowns in the parade be c and the number of horses be h. We can rewrite the second equation above as c = 10   h. we need to eliminate c from the equations above. and substituting this into the . and that each horse has 4 legs and 1 head. We are looking for the value of h.

there are 5 horses in the parade.000   3 1. 900 ID: [B2C2] ID: [C3241] (12) We have p p p p 1 1 1.000 = 106   3 106 = (106 ) 2   (106 ) 3 1 1 = 106¡ 2   106¡ 3 = 103   102 = 1000   100 = 900 : 6 bounces ID: [3D42] (13) If you call the number of bounces b.000. ID: [3C02] (11) -1 Since x 2 ! 0.000. so  1 is the minimum value. or h = 5. with equality when x = 0. We can write a system of equations to represent the minimum b. we have f (x ) = 3x 2   3 + 2 = 3x 2   1 !  1. Thus. such that 243 ¡ 3 information given in the problem: =2 x y = 120 Solving for x in the .rst equation to eliminate c gives 2(10   h) + 4h = 30. then this problem can be phrased as: what is the 2 b y .

Given y . This quadratic equation factors into (y + 12)(y   10) = 0. we can solve for x to get x = 12. so y = 10. Substituting into the second gives (y + 2) ¡ y = 120. so x + y = 22 . or y 2 + 2y   120 = 0. x y   ¡ .rst equation yields x = y + 2.

we . we can rewrite our given equation as: ( 5)2 = y   3.(14) 28 Substituting  5 for x . so we have 25 = y   3. Adding three to each side.