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The Triumphs and Travails of the Jeffersonian Republic

The Federalist and Republican Mudslingers
    Federalist faced opposition from Jeffersons/other people for the Alien and Sedition acts Also, Hamiltonian part of the federalist party fought with Adams because they wanted a war with France. Adam denies it. Hamilton writes a private pamphlet, and Jefferson publishes it. Adam creates taxes to fund military in preparation for France. However nothing happens and people get pissed off at Adams for raising an army Federalists on defensive and start hating on Jefferson of ridiculous stuff( atheist, sex with slaves, robbing a widow)

The Jeffersonian “Revolution of 1800”
       Jefferson won 73-65 against Adams Won largely because of aaron burr, who turned new york to Jefferson Jefferson included “3/5 clause for slave votes” . won favor with southern states Jefferson/Burr received same votes for presidency. House of Representative preferred Jefferson(?) Jefferson wanted to restore ideals of 76’: restore republican experiment, check growth of government power, and halt decay of virtue from federalist rule It was revolutionary that peaceful/orderly transfer of power in the election

Responsibility breeds Moderation
  Jefferson was a two faced politician He showed lenience to federalists, and did not let Jeffersonians hold all power  Opposition to Federalists, held the republicans together. Now that federalists were fading, they had to find new ways of unity

was not removed due to a lack of votes in the Senate. Marbury vs. The Naturalization Law of 1802 reduced the requirement of 14 years of residence to the previous 5 years. paid Tripoli $60.S. Jefferson. James Madison was the new Secretary of State. Albert Gallatin. Most importantly. He shaped the American legal tradition more than any other person. a deal was reached. One Federalist judge.Jeffersonian Restraint Jefferson quickly pardoned the prisoners of the Sedition Acts. The new Republican-Democratic Congress quickly repealed the act and kicked out the 16 newly seated judges.  Jefferson built small boats that sucked The Louisiana Godsend Napoleon Bonaparte convinced the king of Spain to give Louisiana land area to France in 1800. he reduced the national debt with a strict economy. The "Dead Clutch" of the Judiciary Judiciary Act of 1801.000 for the release of captured Americans.James Madison. a Reluctant Warrior Jefferson preferred to make the military smaller. Samuel Chase. Jefferson . created 16 new federal judgeships and other judicial offices. The U. Jefferson was forced to bend his thoughts of not using military force when the leader of Tripoli informally declared war on the United States. The court ruled that Marbury had the right to his pay but. had cut judge Marbury's salary. believed that a national debt wasn't a blessing. Marbury sued James Madison for his pay.supreme court justice of whom the Democratic-Republican Congress tried to remove in retaliation of the John Marshall's decision regarding Marbury. was not removed. Jefferson sent the new navy to Tripoli and after 4 years of fighting. Chief Justice John Marshall. Madison (1803) .Secretary of Treasury to Jefferson. Not wanting to fight Napoleon and France in western America. this decision showed that the Supreme Court had the final authority in determining the meaning of the Constitution. the court did not have the authority to force Madison to give Marbury his pay. the new secretary of state. He served under presidents including Jefferson and others for 34 years.passed by the expiring Federalist Congress. Jefferson also did away with the excise tax.

The Americans had signed 3 treaties and gotten much land to the west of the Mississippi. signed a treaty on April 30. They closed the European ports under French control to foreign shipping. Jefferson sent his personal secretary. and France had the power of land. General James Wilkinson. England issued a series of Orders in Council in 1806.the corrupt military governor of Louisiana Territory. Hamilton refused to shoot and he was shot and killed by Burr. 1803 ceding Louisiana to the United States for $15 million. Burr was acquitted of the charges of treason by Chief Justice John Marshall and he fled to Europe. Burr challenged Hamilton to a duel and Hamilton accepted. 820. for which Louisiana was to serve as a source of foodstuffs. made an allegiance with Burr to separate the western part of the United States from the East and expand their new confederacy with invasions of Spanish-controlled Mexico and Florida. betrayed Burr when he learned that Jefferson knew of the plot. The French ordered the seizure of all merchant ships that entered British ports.000 square miles at 3 cents/acre. Meriwether Lewis. .sent James Monroe to join Robert Livingston in Paris in 1803 to buy as much land as he could for $10 million. he joined a group of extremist Federalists who plotted the secession of New England and New York.along with James Monroe. Napoleon didn't want Britain to take over Louisiana. So he wanted the money from the Americans. Robert Livingston. after being dropped from Jefferson's cabinet. and William Clark to explore the northern part of the Louisiana Purchase. Alexander Hamilton uncovered the plot. England was the power of the seas. while his Federalist opponent (Charles Pinckney) only received 14 votes. capturing 162 electoral votes. negotiated in Paris for the Louisiana land area. Napoleon decided to sell all of Louisiana and abandon his dream of a New World Empire for 2 reasons: He failed in his efforts to re-conquer the island of Santo Domingo. America: A Nutcrackered Neutral Jefferson was reelected in 1804. Because Britain controlled the seas. He also hoped the new land for America would help to thwart the ambitions of the British king in the New World. The Aaron Burr Conspiracies Aaron Burr.Jefferson's first-term vice president.

the Indians' stronghold. who both depended on American trade. merchants and was consequently hated by Americans. 1809. allied with the British. Napoleon convinced James Madison to give Britain 3 months to lift its Orders in Council. With the act."the Prophet". Madison did. The embargo failed because Jefferson overestimated the dependence of the 2 countries on America's trade. but this time just against Britain. Tecumseh and the Prophet Twelfth Congress. the "war hawks" wanted to go to war with the British and wanted to eliminate the Indian threats to pioneers.met in 1811. They wanted to invade Canada. Jefferson passed the Embargo Act. It opened up trade to every country except France and Britain.S. Congress issued Macon's Bill No. The act was repealed in 1809 and a substitute act was enacted: The NonIntercourse Act.The Hated Embargo In 1807. Macon's Bill No. Shawnee. along with his brother. to respect America and its citizens. . allied with the British. Tecumseh. It banned the exportation of any goods to any countries. but Britain chose not to lift its Orders in Council. Jefferson planned to force France and England. and Madison had to reenact the United States's trade embargo. William Henry Harrison. 2 led to the War of 1812. Britain was able to trade with the Latin American republics and France had enough land in Europe to support itself. unified many Indian tribes in a last ditch battle with the settlers. Madison asked Congress to declare war on the British and it agreed. The embargo significantly hurt the profits of U. 2. Britain and France were not as reliant on America as Jefferson had hoped. Madison's Gamble James Madison became president on March 4. It reopened American trade with the entire world. Tenskwatawa. because the Indians were being armed by the British to attack the settlers. 1812. Madison's War On June 1. who had been killed and captured by both countries. unified many Indian tribes in a last ditch battle with the settlers. along with his brother. The Democratic-Republicans who supported the war ("war hawks") felt that the country had to assert American rights to the world.governor of the Indiana territory.Shawnee. defeated the Shawnee at the Battle of Tippecanoe. Mr.

.The Federalists were opposed because they supported Britain.