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CONF. DR. ANCA CEHAN CONF. DR.

ŞTEFAN COLIBABA

LIMBA ENGLEZĂ

CUPRINS
I. READING DIGEST 1: WORDS AND FEELINGS Grammar Digest 1: Direct and Indirect Objects; Direct and Indirect Object Pronouns II. READING DIGEST 2: MYSTERIES OF MEMORY Grammar Digest 2: Can, Know How to, Be Able to, And/But/So/Or III. READING DIGEST 3: SECRET MESSAGES TO OURSELVES Grammar Digest 3: Present Progressive Tense IV. READING DIGEST 4: A DOLPHIN AND AN ASTRONOMER Grammar Digest 4: Adjective Phrases; Another, The Other, Other(s), The Other(s), Intensifiers; Past Tense of Be V. READING DIGEST 5: ROMANIES Grammar Digest 5: Past Tense VI. READING DIGEST 6: SINK OR SWIM Grammar Digest 6: Reflexive Pronouns, Reciprocal Pronoun: Each Other; Phrasal Verbs VII. READING DIGEST 7: EUROPE’S TREES IN DANGER Grammar Digest 7: Future Time: Will and Be Going To; May and Might; Questions with How ANSWER KEY

Autorii mulţumesc Nadinei Cehan pentru ajutorul primit la editarea acestui curs.

LIMBA ENGLEZĂ

READING DIGEST 1
WORDS AND FEELINGS

Exercise 1.1 words? Describe some of the gestures you often see people making. Can you express their meaning in Exercise 1.2 Read the text, then answer the questions that follow. Are you always sure you know what people mean when they try to describe their feelings to you? We use both words and gestures to express our feelings, but the problem is that these words and gestures can be interpreted in different ways. It is true that a smile means the same thing in any language. So does laughter or crying. There are also a number of striking similarities in the way different animals show the same feeling. Dogs, tigers and humans, for example, often show their teeth when they are angry. This is probably because such behaviour patterns are inherited rather than learned. Fear is another emotion that is shown in much the same way all over the world. In Chinese and in English fiction, a phrase like 'he went pale and began to tremble' suggests that the man is either very afraid or has just had a very nasty shock. However, 'he opened his eyes wide' is used to suggest anger in Chinese whereas in English it conveys surprise. In Chinese, surprise can be described in a phrase like 'they stretched out their tongues'. Sticking out your tongue in English is an insulting gesture or expresses disgust. Even in the same culture, people differ in their ability to interpret and express feelings. Experiments in America have shown that women are usually better than men at recognizing fear, anger, love and happiness in people's faces. Disgust, contempt and suffering seem to be the most difficult emotions for people everywhere either to recognize or to express. Other studies have shown that older people usually find it easier to interpret body language (the way people stand or move, etc.) than younger people do. And psychologists such as E.G. Beier have also shown that some people frequently give completely the wrong impression of how they feel. For instance, they try to show affection but in fact actually communicate dislike. Or when they want to show interest, they give the impression that they don't care. This can happen even among close friends and members of the same family. In other words, what we think we are communicating through language, voice, face and body movements may be the exact opposite of what other people understand. 1. According to the text, which of the following emotions should be easiest to recognize even in a different culture? a) surprise b) happiness c) anger d) fear e) disgust f) contempt 2. Which of the emotions a-f above are expressed in different ways in different cultures? 3. Give an example from the text of the way an emotion is described very differently in two different cultures. From your own experience can you think of any other differences like this? 4. Can you think of any possible reasons why some people are better than other people at recognizing certain emotions? 5. Give an example of how some people express the opposite of the emotion they are trying to communicate. Think of other examples from your own experience.

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didn't have to 18. choose D.... gets down to 4.….... me? A.. hurting B. A. do it again.... A... prevented B..3 Choose the best answer....... prefer 20.. to discuss the plan. What do you think this means? Can you think of any examples? VOCABULARY Exercise 1.. rather go to Ireland than Scotland for my holiday....... without her..…..…. for B. We live in a friendly community and everyone .. haven't 9.. Your husband is very rude. mustn't C... don't have D. enjoyable D.... with C. bruise 5.. on B. for playing D. the kidnapper from escaping by blocking all exits.. could 3.. Despite B. of the family had to take it in turns to do the washing up. A. If I were you. she told him he …………. like B. but he has absolutely no sense of humour. When she heard that her son had crossed the road without looking. person 2... Each . A. in playing C..... I do play squash. I wouldn't stand ... would C. on 19.. football.…. Doctors usually have to study for at least seven years before becoming fully .. A.. over B.. A. debt 17.. A..….…. As I have been ill. My brother is much better than I am . to C. A. Research scientists are still looking for a cure . avoided 10. You .…... It takes most people three or four days to .... gets on with D... mustn't D. He wouldn't get .. he got up and went to work.... at 15... examined D. heart disease. A. A. lend B.... The police ... A.. round 8. Although C.. break B.... hurt D. for 1.….... A... his flu.. borrow D. I ... to hurt C. but I ...…... gets up to B. tennis. A few days after hitting his arm.. against D. gets out of C. I have had no ..….. 320 .ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA 6. The text mentions that we can communicate our feelings through 'voice'.….... entertaining C.. to play B. to eat if you don't feel like it.. suitability C. A. the cat to save its life.. get over 12.. She is very important to him.. amusing B. prevent C.…. cut C. The vet decided that he had to operate . he had a large black... A. by B... In spite D.. proved 14... did D.. from flu. Even though 6. qualified C. A.. ability 11. my feelings..…..…....…. possibility B..... needn't B.. encouraged C. opportunit D...... down D.... He pretended that he agreed with me to avoid . tested B. having hurt 7.. A.....….. A.. . A. needn B. to D. recover D.. had B. character C.... When are you going to give back that money you . would rather C. it.. . at D.. didn't need to C. allowed D...... He's a very ... by C.. member D. to C. at playing 13. person. owe C. swelling D......….…. cure B. each other very well. individual B.. pleasant 16. A.….

....... my astonishment....... the news.. astonished frighten frighten angry surprising funny funny disgusting delight surprise amazed delight amuse irritated astonishing bad amusing filthy doubt fear ashamed depress entertain annoyed boring immoral entertaining horrible joy anxiety surprised upset please bored strange wrong disgusting humorous fun terror PLEASE HAPPY BORE BITTER EXCITE EMBARRASS SURPRISE PAIN ENJOY PLEASE Give. 1.…... 6........ 3.. 9. 2. The weather was very .... The child smiled with . questions........... 8.. 7.…... 4.. He looked very ...... 2.. to meet you...........…....….. B....... 2......... a lot of happiness into your life. The patient was .......…. 3.….......…...... 6..... 8.. 8....…................ 2... 7. Complete each sentence with the correct preposition..…....... the present you gave me....….....….........….…... 6............. I was amazed .. what I said? ... you angry.. Do you ever suffer from .…..4 A........ me any pleasure to do it. experience..….. The boss is very angry ... cause........ 10......... Which word or phrase in each group does not belong? 1............ cause..…....….. 3...... It is a great .... Were you offended ......…. It was a . I hope this will .LIMBA ENGLEZĂ Exercise 1.... make or bring... 4...............…...…... 321 .....…... 1.….... holiday.. great pain. I don't want to ..... 4....... 3... Complete each sentence with the correct form of the word in CAPITALS......…. my health. 7.. 5.... 1...... my son has finally found a job! C... you! I'm worried ...... 5. 10........ It didn't ... We had a very .. 4..... 5....... Complete each sentence with give. 9. She looked at me .... Are you afraid .? She spoke with great ..? The doctor asked me a lot of ........... you any pain or unhappiness... What has caused all the ... Use each word once only. 9.. surprise.. make or bring? D............ dogs? I was delighted . I don't want to .....

He'd never get over it if she left him. 5. find the time to do something. escape or avoid work. Andrea and Bob have a new home. Example: My friend loves sports. 2. A direct object answers the question “What?”. The Beatles is the direct object. depress / make unhappy. recover from an illness. Whenever there's something he should do for her. compact discs. loves buys loves Exercise 1. 322 . She always has fresh flowers on the dining room table. a verb and an object.5 A. survive / manage somehow. 4. She gets on with most people fairly well. A direct object also can answer the question “Who(m)?”. My grandmother loves flowers. She hasn't got a lot of money but she is usually able to get by. Study these examples. a meeting. 6.1 Underline the direct object in each sentence below. Which phrasal verb above means 1. but not with her husband. he gets out of it. have a good relationship / be friendly with. etc? GRAMMAR DIGEST 1 DIRECT AND INDIRECT OBJECTS DIRECT AND INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS FOCUS 1 DIRECT OBJECTS examples Subject My friend He He He explanations Verb sings. Direct Object music. Some sentences have only a subject and a verb. Some sentences have a subject. 1.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Phrasal verbs Exercise 1. Compact discs is the direct object. He says he'll do things but never gets round to it. 3. the Beatles. What is the phrasal verb in each one? a) b) c) d) e) f) Sometimes life really gets Betty down. 2. etc. surprise.

Object pronouns refer to a noun that comes before. My mother loves him. do you like heavy metal music? Billy: (a) __________ love (b) __________! Sally: Really? I hate heavy metal. us. She thinks about him all the time. you. She prefers Mozart. we always celebrate our birthdays together. him refers to “my father”. We eat (e) __________ in salads and soup. 5.2 Fill in the correct subject or object pronoun. My mother adores jewelry. (a) __________ has a vegetable garden in her backyard. FOCUS 2 DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS examples Subject Verb Direct Object My mother loves my father. subject verb object pronoun me. them. He helps (e) __________ with the cooking. cucumbers. She owns ten different dolls. (b) __________ plants tomatoes. but they don’t have (d) __________ yet. (a) __________ have a new home. 323 . 6. (c) __________ bothers (d) __________ I hate all that noise.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 3. subject I You He She It We You They verb am are is is is are are are object pronoun explanations The direct object can also be a pronoun. Ann takes beautiful pictures. 7. you. 3. My friend’s daughter has a doll collection. 1. She picks (c) __________ fresh every day. My mother loves my father. and (b) __________ really love (c) __________ Their appliances are on order. 2. him. In the first example. My father loves my mother. We love her fresh vegetables. eggplant. a good person. it. her. My friend enjoys classical music. Her vegetable garden gives (f) _________ great pleasure. In my family. 4. (d) __________ taste delicious. He thinks about her all the time. Sally: Billy. In the second example her refers to “my mother”. leeks and carrots. She helps (f) __________ with the laundry. My grandmother is a very special person. She loves Exercise 1. Maria and Juan are newlyweds. so Maria and Juan have a lot of work to do.

(8) Maggie doesn’t want to leave he.3 This is a story about three people in a love triangle. But she cares for both Ted and Jim. Jim knows about Ted. “What’s wrong with me? (10) Ted loves I and I love he. The toaster is the direct object. to the newlyweds. Change each underlined noun to a pronoun. 324 . Ted. (11) Jim is my friend and I like he.4 New Year’s Resolutions. (2) She sees he every day. My grandmother is the indirect object. The earrings go from you to your mother. North Americans decide to change their lives and do things differently. I give my father a tie. (5) Maggie doesn’t love Jim. but Ted doesn’t know about Jim. her Maggie loves her boyfriend. It tells what I want to give. She doesn’t know what to do. I fix the car for my grandmother. Jim. (3) She sometimes invites he to dinner.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Exercise 1. Then add the information in parentheses. Read the text below. explanations Some sentences have two objects: a direct object and an indirect object. Read the resolutions below. Exercise 1. Maggie has a steady boyfriend. (1) Jim works with she. Maggie can’t tell he about Jim. She also likes Jim. Ted is very jealous. but Jim loves she. It tells for whom I buy flowers. (9) She doesn’t want to hurt they. I give earrings to my mother. for my grandmother. Cross out the incorrect pronouns and write the correct pronouns above them. The indirect object can be a noun or a pronoun. The newlyweds is the indirect object. For and to For tells us one person does the action to help or please another person. It tells to whom I give the toaster. Ted. Example: Every year. (6) Jim thinks about she all the time. I want to give him golf clubs. (4) She likes to talk with he. She also has a male friend. So what can I do?” FOCUS 3 INDIRECT OBJECTS examples Subject Verb I I I I want to give buy want to give want to give Direct Object the toaster flowers the toaster the toaster Indirect object to the newlyweds. to them. Every January 1st. To tells us about direction of the action. (7) So. (golf clubs) This year. She says to herself.

(good cars) This year. Used car salesman: I always sell my customers bad cars. 325 . 8. 6. (once a week) This year. I want to … Student: I always give my homework to the teacher late. I want to … Boyfriend: I usually buy my girlfriend flowers for her birthday. (lend money). to her. (every night) This year. This year. write three things you want to do differently beginning New Year’s Eve. I want to … Teenager: Sometimes I lie to my mother. to her. I don’t want to … Now. (a diamond ring) This year. 5. I want to … Mother: I never have time to read to my children at night. 7. (on time) This semester. for them. for our twin daughters on their birthday. for them. ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… 2. I lend money to you and your brother. FOCUS 4 POSITION OF THE INDIRECT OBJECT All verbs that take indirect objects can follow Pattern A Pattern A subject verb I give I give I give We have We have We have direct object presents presents them a party a party it indirect object to my mother on her birthday. 1.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 1. 3. I want to … Child away at college: I always write to my parents once a month. 2. 4. (tell the truth) This year. I want to … Friend: Every year.

4.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Some of these verbs also follow Pattern B. 10. birthday cakes. 5. *I make her it. birthday cakes. BIRTH: When a baby is born… 1. 7. put the indirect object before the direct object.5 Make sentences about North American customs with the words below. cigars/gives/friends/father/his/the ____________________________________ send/and/parents/friends/family/to/birth/announcements/their/the ____________________________________ baby/family/friends/gifts/the/buy/and _____________________________________ make/for/grandmothers/sweaters/new/the/baby _____________________________________ grandfathers/for/toys/make/baby/the _____________________________________ child/the/the/parents/everything/give _____________________________________ ENGAGEMENT/MARRIAGE: When a couple gets engaged or married… 8. 2. NOT: Do not put an indirect object pronoun before a direct object pronoun. Do not use to or for. 11. Pattern B subject verb People send People send I make I make NOTE: indirect object their friends them my friends them direct object birthday cards. diamond/man/a/woman/the/gives/ring/the/to/sometimes _____________________________________________ friends/couple/an/party/the/for/have/engagement _____________________________________________ gifts/woman/give/friends/at/a/party/the _____________________________________________ at/the/wedding/to/couple/gifts/give/guests/the _____________________________________________ 326 . I make my friend a cake. 9. mother/flowers/the/to/give/friends Friends give flowers to the mother. I make her a cake. In pattern B. birthday cards. 3. 6. send bring hand sell Verbs that follow both Pattern A and B pass mail make read offer buy lend pay bake teach throw cook do (a favor) find get give write show tell Exercise 1.

My mother is the new I usually give earrings to my mother. 7. information. Exercise 1. examples explanations Whom do you give earrings to? The emphasis is on who(m). 14. Earrings is the new I usually give my mother earrings. 2. You can write a sentence in two different ways. information. I usually give him a good book. 6. but the emphasis is different. What do you usually give your mother? The emphasis is on what. send/family/some/flowers/people/the ______________________________________________ people/special/cards/the/send/family/to ______________________________________________ some/to/give/people/money/charities ______________________________________________ some/food/for/family/bring/people/the ______________________________________________ FOCUS 5 POSITION OF NEW INFORMATION New information in a sentence comes at the end. Examples: Who(m) do you usually give presents to at Christmas? (my family) I usually give presents to my family. 13. 5. Who(m) do you want to give a present to at work? (three of my co-workers) ___________________________________________________________ What do you usually give your parents for their anniversary? (tickets to a play) ___________________________________________________________ Who(m) do you tell jokes to? (my friend) ________________________________ What do you sometimes send your sister? (some new recipes) __________________________________________________ Does she teach English to your brother or sister? (my brother) __________________________________________________ Which story do you usually read to your little sister? – “Cinderella” or “Snow White”? (“Cinderella”) _______________________________________________________________ Who(m) do you need to mail the application to? (the admissions office) ________________________________________________________ What do you usually buy for your son on his birthday? (compact discs) ________________________________________________________ 327 .LIMBA ENGLEZĂ DEATH: When someone dies: 12. 15. What do you usually give your father? (a good book) 1. The new information is in parentheses ( ). Both are correct. 8. 4.6 Answer the following question. 3.

You do not have your watch. 9. You see the waiter. You finish your meal. They are finishing a box of cookies. You realize you don’t have any money on you for the bus. 5. You need help. You tell the waiter: (a) Please give the check to me. You say to a classmate: (a) Do me a favor.7 Choose the best sentence. (b) Please give me the check. You see someone coming. You are at a friend’s house for dinner. You finish your meal.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Exercise 1. You are waiting for a friend in front of a restaurant. 10. 6. 8. You ask him: (a) Could you please tell me the time? (b) Could you please tell the time to me? You are alone at a restaurant. You say: (a) Please pass me the salt. 2. You want to be sure you pay the check. You come home from the supermarket. The food needs salt. You want to know the time. 3. 4. (b) Do a favor to me. You ask a friend: (a) Could you lend a dollar to me? (b) Could you lend me a dollar? You are in class. You are speaking to the director f the English Language Institute. Please close the door. The child says: (a) Wait! Save me one! (b) Wait! Save one for me! Example: 1. What do children usually do for their mothers on Mother’s day? (a) They usually give flowers to them. It is very noisy. You say to your roommate: (a) Can you please give a hand to me? (b) Can you please give me a hand? There are three children at a table. You want to apply to the City University. Your car is full of groceries. (b) Please pass the salt to me. (b) They usually give them flowers. 7. Why does your class look so sad on Mondays? (a) Because our teacher gives us a lot of homework. 328 . A fourth child sees them and runs toward them. Please close the door. You have the application form in your hand: Director: (a) Please send the application form to the City University. You ask him: (a) Could you please give the check to me? (b) Could you please give me the check? You are celebrating someone’s birthday with a group of friends. (b) Because our teacher gives a lot of homework to us. (b) Please send the City University the application form.

Let me introduce my friend to you. 11. My father usually reads a story to my little brother every night. Please explain the problem to me. My father usually reads my little brother a story every night. Do not omit to/for. Check any sentence that is not possible. Let me introduce you to my friend. 4. Some verbs only follow Pattern A. Cynthia gives her old clothes to a charity.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ FOCUS 6 VERBS THAT DO NOT OMIT TO WITH INDIRECT OBJECTS examples S + My mother S + My mother DO + stories IO + us DO + IO The teacher explains the grammar to us.) The teacher always repeats the question to the class. 2. 3. please. Please repeat the class the instructions. Verbs tat follow Pattern A ONLY. In some pairs. 6. I need to report the accident to the insurance company. *The teacher always repeats the class the question. 5. The students write letters to their parents every week. Please repeat the instructions to the class. I need to report the insurance company the accident. Spell that word for me. My husband sends flowers to me every Valentine’s Day. Please explain me the problem. 12. both patterns are possible. The students write their parents letters every week. Can you describe your hometown to me? Can you carry that bag for me? 329 . My husband sends me flowers every Valentine’s Day. Spell me that word. explain describe repeat introduce report say solve open carry clean do prepare fix repair spell Exercise 1. please. Tell the truth to me. NOT: The teacher explains us the grammar.8 Read the following pairs of sentences or questions aloud. 10. Example 1: Pattern A: Pattern B: Example 2: Pattern A: NOT: V + reads V + reads IO to us. Can you describe me your hometown? Can you carry me that bag? Pattern B: 1. DO stories. (Both patterns are possible. He always opens me the door. 9. PATTERN A PATTERN B Tell me the truth. explanations Many verbs follow both Pattern A and B. He always opens the door for me. Cynthia gives a charity her old clothes. 8. 7.

3. Ruff is happy too. me) yell at Ruff. (10) __________ (I. him) breakfast. my dog. him) is shaving. Him) is grumpy. and father. her).ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Exercise 1. I don’t feel mad at my family any more. him). When you are happy. Christmas gift list Mom: dish towels Dad: flashlight Angela and Bob (Pete’s sister and brother-in-law): car wax Brad (Pete’s nephew): socks Secretary: dictionary Cecilia (Pete’s girlfriend): hair brush Mail carrier: dog repellant The neighbors: screwdriver set 1. The kiss tickles (15) __________ (I. 4. Here are the things he gave this year. He finds some milk on the floor and licks it up. me).9 Choose the correct pronoun to complete the story. When my mom gives (3) __________ (he. My dad wakes up in a bad mood. everyone is happy with you. I want them to feel happy. My mother gives me a kiss. Exercise 1. me) and gives (14) __________ (I. me). Example: Who(m) did Pete give socks to? Pete gave socks to Brad. What did Pete give the neighbors? ________________________________________________________________ Who(m) did Pete give the hair brush to? __________________________________________________________________ What did Pete give the mail carrier? __________________________________________________________________ What did Pete give his girlfriend? __________________________________________________________________ 330 . (4) __________ (he. (6) __________ (She. Ruff barks at (13) __________ (I. mother. My brother shouts at (9) __________ (I. (11) __________ (I. The first one has been done for you as an example. This makes my mom angry. My father smiles at me too. (2) __________ (He. My brother smiles at me. __He___ (He. I go outside and pick some beautiful flowers.11 At Christmas time Practical Pete gives at least a small present to everyone. him) gets mad at (5) __________ (she. I give him a hug also. I really like them when they are happy. I give her a hug. Him) gets a cut while (1) __________ (he. (7) __________ (She. I give them to my brother. The first one has been done for you as an example. Exercise 1. Her) gets mad at (8) __________ (he. Use the list to answer the questions below. My family is laughing.10 Look at the underlined object pronouns. me) feel bad. Ruff just looks at (12) __________ (I. I have to do something for them. me). 2. Draw an arrow from each object pronoun to the noun phrase it refers to and circle the noun phrase. me) a big kiss. Her) yells at my big brother. my brother is petting him.

9.12 Pete always gives practical gifts. 2. __________________________________________________________________ Lea showed Mr. 2. Example: I sent my letter of application to the admissions officers. I sent them my letter of application. Pete will give his mother perfume. __________________________________________________________________ Kim taught it to Lea. 7. Dickens her essay.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 5. 6. Who(m) give the dictionary to? __________________________________________________________________ What did Pete give his dad? __________________________________________________________________ Who(m) did Pete give the dish towels to? __________________________________________________________________ Who(m) did Pete give the car wax to? __________________________________________________________________ What did Pete give to his secretary? __________________________________________________________________ Who(m)did Pete give the screwdriver set to? __________________________________________________________________ Exercise 1. 10. 8. 4. 1. What 1. Then change the underlined words to pronouns. 3. (emphasis is on what) __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Exercise 1. 2. __________________________________________________________________ Lea introduced Kim to her mother and father.13 Underline the indirect object. 4. 3. 3. What gifts do you think would be more appropriate? Write four sentences emphasizing what they will receive and four sentences emphasizing who will receive it. but they aren’t always the best gifts. 4. Kim handed Lea his calculator. Example: Who 1. __________________________________________________________________ 331 .

7. __________________________________________________________________ I repeated what Kim’s mom said to Kim. __________________________________________________________________ I read my sons the book.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA 5. __________________________________________________________________ She explained the problem to Kim. Aunt Cain offered Kim help. __________________________________________________________________ 332 . 8. 9. 6. __________________________________________________________________ Kim sent a thank you note to the counselor and me.

was able to hold a perfectly normal conversation. a few years ago. As time went by. he told the doctor that he was only 11 years old and that the date was February. 1. was found to have only minor injuries. he was able to take up his old job again in the village and to do it satisfactorily.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ READING DIGEST 2 MYSTERIES OF MEMORY Exercise 2. a young man had an accident on his motor bike in which he suffered a few apparently minor injuries. Everything looked unfamiliar and he did not recall ever having been there before. the previous eleven years of his life. He was taken to hospital for examination but X-rays did not reveal any other injuries. B. A week later he was able to carry on what seemed a perfectly normal conversation. B. or coming back to England and working for two years on a golf course. he could not recall having spent five years in Australia. Nevertheless. There remained only one complete gap in his memory: he could remember absolutely nothing about what he had done a few minutes immediately before the accident or the accident itself. however. Despite this. his memory continued to return so that. Slowly. 333 2. For example. he A. The accident happened A. Immediately after the young man's accident on his motor bike. But the two years of his life just before the accident were still a complete blank. the young man was 22 years old. he even remembered his years in Australia. A few weeks later. There was a bruise on the left side of his forehead and some slight bleeding from his left ear. However. part of his memory of the eleven missing years came back. over half a century ago. B. . D. Three weeks after his injury. But he often got lost when walking around the village and found it difficult to remember what he had done during the day. he could even remember most of the previous two years. D. 1922. D. was taken to hospital with severe injuries. What is more.1 What are your earliest memories as a child? Do you have a family photograph album showing some of these memories? Exercise 2. he went back to the village where he had been living for those two years. A few weeks after the accident he was unable to remember A. was too badly injured to be taken to hospital. At the time of the accident. the doctor who was treating him decided to keep him in hospital for further observations because the young man was having difficulty in speaking and seemed very confused. and the date was August. in February 1922. he could not remember anything that had happened since 1922. the five years he had spent in Australia. about ten weeks after the accident. This part of his memory never came back. C. C. the two years before he came to live in the village. anything about the village he had been living in. 3. 1933. when the young man was in Australia.2 Read the text carefully and then choose the best answer to questions 1-4. One day more than fifty years ago. C.

. her memory should return …. ~ sb (to do sth. cause (sb) to think (of sth): Please ~ me to answer that letter. Exercise 2. B. 1.. He ~s me of his brother. 6. The injuries ….. I haven't any soap.. this road.............. 1.. to buy some on the way home.... hospital...): ~ sb of sth/sb. I learned about this purely …. memory recall remember remind power of keeping facts in the conscious mind and of being able to call them back at will: He has a bad ~ for dates. I ~ posting your letters.......... 6.. C.. I mean I don't ….. You really …........ D... seeing you before.. his head weren't serious. 4. 1. 2... me to buy some on the way home. 3. 10.. APPEAR REMEMBER . me of him... Complete the following sentences with the correct preposition. she will be completely all right soon... Accidents often happen …. he still has a very good …. The woman had a slight loss …. it... My daughter was badly hurt …..... observation for several days... VOCABULARY Words connected with memory Study the definitions and the examples. bring back to the mind. 8......... 334 There was ….. There are several gaps …... 2. 2.... 9..3 Now complete the following sentences with the correct word......... …... B. 7.. Complete the following sentences with the correct form of the word in CAPITALS. normal.. other words..... 5.. ….. You look just like my brother.. that . He was kept ….. ( = have the memory of that act in my mind). I don't think I know you.. some ice on the road that day.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA 4 The only thing he was never able to remember again was A..... memory.. recollect: I don't ~ his name/face/meeting him/where I met him... accident. cause (sb) to remember (to do sth..... The patient was taken ….. to talk about. The old woman has had an interesting life and has a lot of good ….. any luck..... of the accident...... his way round the village itself. 3........ etc)....... what he had done for ten weeks after the accident.. I haven't any soap.. 5.. all of the previous two years before the accident.. Despite his age..4 A.... an accident..... However.. Exercise 2... 4... have or keep in the memory... I must …. what happened immediately before or during his accident. call back to mind the memory of: I can't ~ his name. Please …... She still has no …...

.. 4. 6....... Is there somewhere I can …. unless it is kept cool........ 7..... a person who cannot see things that are very close a loan you have to pay back after a very short time the opposite of this kind of loan a person who does not come from the upper or the lower classes a man or woman whose age is somewhere between 45 and about 60 a shirt with short sleeves a dog with three legs a house that is of medium size Exercise 2..... Example: short-term memory ¨ memory that lasts only for a very short time 1. 8. the car.. 6. The storm was terrible but the ship came to no ….. in cases like these... look out B. you will completely ….. Be careful with that tool or you will …........ 3..... FORGET ….. 5.. Use each word once only. Complete the sentences below with one of the following words. 5.... 4. What are the word combinations in English which express the following ideas? Example: a runner who runs short distances ¨ a short-distance runner 1.. this jumper? A.. try out C. LUCK Most patients make a complete …... isn't as good as it used to be. The doctor examined her to see if she was suffering from any serious …… INJURE Her …...... Every year thousands of people ….. Word combinations Exercise 2... look over 335 .. to be alive after the accident. 7.. 2..LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 3.5 A..... Explain what the following word combinations mean..... 6. CONCENTRATE At times she is very …. 10..... the flavour. 5.... 4. your feelings when I said that... I hope I didn't …. 5...... 8. RECOVER Barbara's condition is now quite …. 3. SPECIAL She is ….. If you put too much salt in the soup... 6....... most of the scars have disappeared... 3... themselves by using tools carelessly at work.. injure damage harm hurt spoil ruin 1.. THANK C.. Choose the best answer. 2. 9..... 4. short-term parking long-term parking a short-sighted person a long-distance runner a long-winded speech a middle-of-the-road politician B..6 1. try on D... SATISFY The doctor she saw is a ….... This food will …... 2.... within a few years..

have come to the party... an adult... to The sign in the cinema asks people ….... appealed B. take down He spoke so fast I couldn't understand …. recall Our guests didn't leave until 2 a. 336 . hurt The goalkeeper's arm was so …. 18. 5.. having filled You really ….. 19. what you just said.. who was shouting at the top of his voice …. injured that he couldn't play in the final. 13. yourself to B.. me to C. him at once.. harmed B... that You should always keep receipts from shops as proof …. get over My brother is always late for appointments... badly C.. she's very ….... of leaving the house on time. purchase.. 3.. harmed D.. A. he remembered …. damaged D.. remind D. beside C. from the oil crisis of the mid-70s. 5. A.... unaware I hadn't seen George for years. case was described in the article never fully recovered his memory. with D... not to C. 7... must B.. A..... don't D. incapable D. Dear Anne.m. How be you/your family? 7. from D. Since/ accident /I have/some problems/my memory but now/begin to feel/almost normal again.. A..... but when I saw him in the street.. to yourself to D.. A... to stop Could you …. how Children who go up escalators should always be accompanied ….. 6. 2. 20. 3. filled D. I/not have time/read much but/it seem/very interesting. remember C. he was talking about. bring your umbrella... A... which C. and as a result. to not B..... I hope/hear from you/soon. memorize B..ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA 2. in B. 9.. his money back. demanded Try to remember ….. A.. by D.. but it happened quite ….... so they ….. what B. heavily D... 8. damaged C. It be/very nice/you/send me/that lovely book/my birthday... 1..... me to take back those library books tomorrow? A.. take up B. A.. because all our old friends were there.. regain C..... unable B.. hardly It took Western economies many years to …. impossible C... spoilt His car was ….. so he didn't run out... filling C. with B.... ruined B.. for Will you please ….. that D.. A.... A. smoke.. 14... 4. whose B.... realized C. A must... A. A. recover B. 16. A.. A. requested D... should Her parents give her anything she asks for.. 4. up with petrol..... take off D.. in the accident. 6..... A. 17.... accident. have enjoyed themselves... by The customer.... what C..... remembered Exercise 2. 12. whom D. 15.. reminded B.. 11. take back C..7 Make all the changes and additions necessary to complete the letter that Barbara never finished... to fill B. I/still have/some scars/face/but they be/not as bad/before.. 10. I …. The young man …. My daughter/Sarah/do very well/school and hope/go/university next year.. B. of C. may D. ought C. by C.. on Luckily. remarked D.. retain D... A..... A.... It was very rude.. to B.. asked C. might She was angry with me for breaking the plate.... Give my love/everybody. may D. He seems to be ….. deeply B. injured C. can't C.

.. (7) their memory who despite this are ….. (13) and behave in very different ….. 3. The systems interact with each other and can be …........ (10) is simple.. 4..... 8..... someone who is said to ….. that is... 2 Very rarely – let's say once every six months. How Good Is Your Memory? We all forget things from time to time.. (4). Forgetting important details of something you have done very recently..... A..... you don't remember having been somewhere before but you have.... (20) been lost. If all of them ….... short-term and sensory.. hear or think.. thinking and talking... (9) if they have lost their memory? The ….. Without it..... 2. What are the missing words? Fill each of the numbered blanks with one word..... we would be vegetables.... 1.. B. (5)... interconnected systems which serve different ... (14).. without intellect... This may ….. Why is this ….. (2) be unable to see.... 7.... How often do they happen to you? Write one of these numbers in each box.... 6 Very often – almost every day.... Human memory is not a …. (16) other words. (12) of a number of complex... Forgetting the name of someone you used to know very well but haven't seen for some time. It ... 337 . You have several memories... Losing things around the house... Forgetting a new word you have recently learned.. 6.. you do not have a memory. Consequently............8 Read the following passage quickly to get an idea of what it is about....... the person would be unconscious and probably dead... like the heart or liver...... (15) into three major systems called long-term....... (19) of these systems.. 3 Only now and then – let's say more than once every six months but less than once a month..... 5...LIMBA ENGLEZĂ Exercise 2.. (11) function... (3) of who we are.. ….. Here are some fairly common examples... 5 Fairly often – say once a week..... (18) with one or …... for example how much you've paid for a very expensive purchase. Forgetting someone's name soon after you have been told that person's name... What is memory? Memory is the ability ….... Forgetting where you have put something. we …... In ….. mentally …. 4 Sometimes – say once a month.. Not remembering when something has happened even though it happened to you recently. (1) store and recall information.. Forgetting to pay bills or do something that someone has asked you to do. 1 Not at all.. (17) lost their memory is someone who has something ….... (8) of perceiving. and would have no language or …... Not recognizing places... Now do the following questionnaire. (6) strange since one hears of people …...

In the negative. . we pronounce can as /kən/ and stress the base form of the verb. We You They She can DANCE. 13. 15. Getting lost or turning in the wrong direction in a place you have been only once or twice. 11. Getting lost or turning in the wrong direction in a place you have often been before. Disagreeing with or getting confused about what someone promised or told you. BE ABLE TO. for instance you suddenly stop and say. Look at the answer key in the box below. GRAMMAR DIGEST 2 CAN. Forgetting what you have just said. 10. we stress both can’t and the base form of the verb. 70-85 it could be serious but perhaps you’ve just been working too hard. Forgetting to keep an appointment or date with someone. Not remembering details of something someone has just told you. 12. He can SING. We We You You They They In the affirmative. for instance a date or a phone number. 15-25 congratulations! They should call you ‘supermemory’. for example a friend said you promised to meet at 5 and you are sure you said 6 o'clock. 25-40 above average. let's say your birthdate or where you live. 50-70 below average but no cause for serious worry. 40-50 pretty average. He CAN’T DANCE. Forgetting important details about yourself. She CAN’T SING. perhaps you ought to see a doctor. 'What have I just been talking about?' 14. 338 negative negative contraction I I You You He He cannot speak She She can’t speak French. it might be a good idea to take a long holiday. KNOW HOW TO.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA 9. Chinese. AND/BUT/SO/OR FOCUS 1 Can Can expresses ability. affirmative I You He can speak She English. Which things would you be most worried about? Why? SCORE 85-90 very bad.

LIMBA ENGLEZĂ Exercise 2. I can give directions. 2. Then check Yes or No in the table to give your opinion about each question. FOCUS 2 QUESTIONS WITH CAN Can you use a computer? Yes. I can introduce someone. No. I can make a polite request. he can. I can ask for information about English. a man/work as a baby sitter ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 339 . 4. he can’t What can he cook? He can boil water! Who can cook in your family? My mother can. a man/work as a housekeeper ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 8. I can ask about prices. women/be police officers ________________________________________________________________________________ 6. I can give advice. a woman/be President of a country 9. No. a man/be a good nurse 4.2 Write yes/no questions with can. Can he cook? Yes. Finally. My father can’t. I can describe people and places. women/be good soldiers 3. 6. a woman/be a construction worker 7. I can.1 What can you do in English? Check Yes or No. I can’t. Yes 1. Yes 1. a woman/work as a fire fighter Can a woman work as a fire fighter? No No 2. 3. 7. me/raise children ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ 5. 5. give reasons for you answers in the last section provided for you. Exercise 2.

a. 5. 4. 6. Who/play a musical instrument? __________________________________________________________________ b. Women ca be police officers. What/sew? __________________________________________________________________ a. Who/fix a car? __________________________________________________________________ b. 3. Who/cook? __________________________________________________________________ b. Who/draw? __________________________________________________________________ b. They can help people in trouble. What/draw? __________________________________________________________________ a. How fast/run a marathon? __________________________________________________________________ 2. 340 . 7. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Exercise 2. What/play? __________________________________________________________________ a. How fast/type? Who can type? How fast can you/he/she/they type? 1.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Example: 1. 6. Who/sew? __________________________________________________________________ b. 5. Who/type? b. They can use guns when necessary. 9. 7. 2. 8. 4.3 Write questions with can using the given cues. What/say in your third language? __________________________________________________________________ a. What/fix? __________________________________________________________________ a. Who/run a marathon? __________________________________________________________________ b. What/cook? __________________________________________________________________ a. Example: a. Who/speak three languages? __________________________________________________________________ b. 3.

Be able to is more formal than can. use the English? expression: Can I say … in English? How can I say. She knows how to cook. Exercise 2. make only one statement with can. To express natural ability. I can see without glasses. “…” in English? When you don’t know how to say something in English. explanations To express learned ability. “She can to swim” in When you are not sure your English is correct. 2. She is able to cook. use can. use can or be able to only.4 Read the following list. NOT: A blind person doesn’t know how to see. To express natural ability. ask the question: How can I say “…” in English? FOCUS 4 EXPRESSING ABILITY: CAN. AND BE ABLE TO examples She can cook. To express learned ability. Example: fix/a flat tire I can fix a flat tire. make one statement with can and one statement with know how to. I know how to fix a flat tire. reading seeing crying tasting swimming writing see/without glasses 1.5 Make affirmative or negative statements with the words below. not can. A blind person can’t see. Use be able to in all tenses. know how to. Check each activity which is a learned ability. A blind person/see __________________________________________________________________ A dog/live for twenty-five years __________________________________________________________________ 341 . or be able to. KNOW HOW TO.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ FOCUS 3 ASKING FOR HELP WITH ENGLISH examples explanations Can I say. A blind person isn’t able to see. laughing speaking English riding a bike hearing flying an airplane smelling Exercise 2.

Vanna: Oh … thank you. Infants/walk __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ A deaf person/hear __________________________________________________________________ Fish/breathe on land __________________________________________________________________ Mechanics/fix cars __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Men/take care of babies __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ A man/have a baby __________________________________________________________________ Doctors/cure some diseases. Vanna: What about your temporary secretary? What (9) ______________________ he do? Fran: This temporary secretary is terrible. and listen to me. Vanna: Well. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Exercise 2. I (1) can sit up now. people/live without food for six months. You can have your raise. Fran. I (7) ______________________ remember any of my appointments. a computer/think _____________________________________________________________________ 342 . Do you remember our conversation about my pay raise? Fran: O.K. How are you today? Vanna: I’m sorry to say I’m still no well. 1. Vanna. Fran: Hello. He (11) ______________________ even make a good cup of coffee! I need you here. but I (14) ______________________ come in this afternoon. I (13) ______________________ come in to the office this morning.6 Fill in the blanks with the affirmative or negative form of can or be able to. Vanna. 7. But please come in today! Vanna: O. 8. My back still hurts.K.. 4. 9. I (5) ______________________ use my computer.. Fran.O. Can people live without food for six months? Are people able to live without food for six months? 2. but I (2) am not able to walk very well. 5.K. I (6) ______________________ find any of my papers.7 Make Yes/No questions. Only you (12) ______________________ do everything in this office. calm down. Fran. 6. Vanna. He (10) ______________________ do anything. I (8) ______________________ all this work myself. I (4) ______________________ do my work without you. This office is a mess. Fran: What? You mean you (3) ______________________ come to work today? Vanna. Vanna… See you later.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA 3. Exercise 2.

but. and or are sentence connectors. 4. I can say it in English. He can swim. or I can say it in French. 7. We use them to connect two complete sentences. But shows contrast. but I can’t speak Spanish. When you connect two complete sentences. 6. I can dance. it is not necessary to repeat the subject or can. Do not use a comma. I can speak Spanish. When the subject is the same for the two I can say it in English or French. So gives a result. 2. and my sister can speak use a comma (.8 What can you do? Write sentences about yourself with can or know how to with and or but. I can speak English. You can go or you can stay. Example: 1. roller-skate/roller-blade __________________________________________________________________ 343 . smoking/cause cancer _____________________________________________________________________ an airplane/fly from New York to Paris in four hours _____________________________________________________________________ a person/run twenty-five miles an hour _____________________________________________________________________ a river/flow uphill _____________________________________________________________________ we/communicate with people from other planets. 10. verbs. 11. so I often go out to eat. Japanese. 8. but I can’t use a computer. _____________________________________________________________________ a person/learn a language in one week _____________________________________________________________________ modern medicine/cure AIDS _____________________________________________________________________ a two-year old child/read _____________________________________________________________________ the United Nations/stop wars _____________________________________________________________________ you/think of any more questions _____________________________________________________________________ FOCUS 5 SENTENCE CONNECTORS: AND/BUT/SO/OR And. And adds information. I can use a typewriter and a computer. 12. so.) before the connector. I can’t cook. I can use a typewriter.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 3. use a typewriter/use a computer. but his brother can’t. Exercise 2. but I can’t sing. Or gives a choice. examples explanations I can roller-skate and I can ski. 5. 9.

(c) ________ it’s broken. The woman has very bushy hair. He is unhappy. 1. There is one woman in the audience who is always a problem. the tickets are half-price. 4. (c) ________ Bob and Andrea can’t see the movie screen. Larry is in the hospital. He has a high fever (a) ________ he is very sick. Tommy’s mom had a headache. or so. Exercise 2. Bob and Andrea love movies. (e) ________ it is also very noisy. (a) but they are often too busy to go to the movies on Saturdays. 11. What is something you know how to do? __________________________________________________________________ What is something you don’t know how to do? __________________________________________________________________ What is something you can do? __________________________________________________________________ What is something you cannot do? __________________________________________________________________ 344 . Bob and Andrea are behind her. 5. (f) ________ Bob and Andrea can’t hear the movie.9 Fill in the blanks with and.10 Answer the following questions. 6. but. They usually go to the first show on Sundays. Sometimes they think it’s better to stay home and rent a movie! 2. (b) ________ she asks Tommy to use his walkman. (b) ________ the theater is very crowded. Popcorn is delicious. On Sunday afternoon. 8. Tommy has a walkman. 7. (c) ________ Larry wants to go back to work. The doctor says he needs to rest.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA 3. Today. (e) ________ he decides to leave. (b) ________ Larry wants to go home. 10. ride a bicycle/drive a car __________________________________________________________________ use a camera/use a video camera __________________________________________________________________ use a telephone/use a fax machine __________________________________________________________________ cook rice/cook Chinese food __________________________________________________________________ sew a button/sew a dress __________________________________________________________________ walk fast/run fast __________________________________________________________________ Now make three statement of your own. Tommy loves to listen to loud music. 3. She loves popcorn (d) ________ eats it non-stop during the movie. 9. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Exercise 2. (a) ________ his mom hates his music. He is bored in the hospital (d) ________ misses his family. The doctor wants him to stay in the hospital.

The first one has been done for you as an example. I know how to breathe. 6. 7. 2. 6. Can swim float paint draw ice skate ride a sled drive a car fix a flat tire wash clothes iron 1. 4.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ Exercise 2. 10. 4. 5. 2.12 Which of the following statements is correct in English? 1. 3. 3. but he can’t dive. 345 . My mother can cooks the best chicken and rice. You can fishing from this bridge? Do you know how to play a card game? I can no finish in time. 8.11 This is a list of things Andy can and can’t do. Write sentences about Andy using and or but as connectors. 9. 5. Andy can swim. Can’t dive make jewelry ski repair the engine sew __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Exercise 2. You can speak English very well.

C. Elias Howe was A. Instead of trying to get the thread to run around the needle. how to design a needle which would not break. So did the great physicist. but still active. Elias Howe was far from being unique in finding the answer to his problem in this way. It stores all sorts of information and details which you may have forgotten or never have really noticed. The king flew into a rage and ordered his soldiers to kill Howe. The inventor awoke from the nightmare with a start. C. Early one morning.1 Do you dream: often? never? in colour? Can you remember your dreams afterwards? Can you describe a dream you have had? Exercise 3. However. Howe slept badly. The composer. you have to understand what happens when you are asleep. the first person to design a sewing-machine that really worked.2 Read the text and choose the best answer to the questions that follow. It is only when you fall asleep that this part of the brain can send messages to the part you use when you are awake. 346 . Igor Stravinsky. Then he had a nightmare. He dreamt that he had been captured by a tribe of terrible savages whose king threatened to kill and eat him unless he could build a perfect sewing-machine. an American inventor called Elias Howe finally fell asleep.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA READING DIGEST 3 SECRET MESSAGES TO OURSELVES Exercise 3. he should make it run through a small hole in the centre of the needle. much more hard-working than other inventors. the first person we know of who solved problems in his sleep. more than a hundred years ago. once said the only way he could solve his problems in musical composition was 'to sleep on them'. 2. said that his best ideas came to him in dreams. It uses strange images which the conscious part may not understand at first. the unconscious part expresses itself through its own logic and its own language. There was a hole in the tip of each spear. B. Even then. where to put the needle. The problem Howe was trying to solve was A. He had been working all night on the design of a sewing-machine but he had run into a very difficult problem: it seemed impossible to get the thread to run smoothly around the needle. realizing that he had just found the solution to the problem. He tossed and turned. Albert Einstein. When he tried to do so. B. To appreciate the value of dreams. But suddenly the inventor noticed something. D. This was the simple idea that finally enabled Howe to design and build the first really practical sewing-machine. Howe ran into the same problem as before. the inventor of the electric light bulb. Thomas Edison. D. 1. Despite his exhaustion. part digests your experiences and goes to work on the problems you have had during the day. Charlotte Bronte also drew on her dreams in writing Jane Eyre. the only person at the time who appreciated the value of dreams. This unconscious. According to the passage. what kind of thread to use. how to stop the thread from getting caught around the needle. a part of your mind is still working. They advanced towards him with their spears raised. This is why dreams are sometimes called 'secret messages to ourselves'. The thread kept getting caught around the needle.

B.. In pairs or groups.4 A. the king said to Howe. C. The solution to the problem came from something A.. B. C.3 A. he also tried to invent a sewing-machine. 8.….. D. he got some of his ideas from dreams. C. match the examples with the meanings below (1-6).. Charlotte Bronte is not the only writer who used dreams as well as her …………. of the dreamer is essential.. The opera singer's dream symbolized her desire to give a perfect ………….…. 347 DISAGREE KNOW IMPORTANT IMAGINE .. some ………….. of course. Howe remembered about another sewing-machine. Dreams are sometimes called 'secret messages to ourselves' because A. INTERPRET Elias Howe is not the only person who had found the …………. we can never understand the real meaning. Which is the word or phrase in each group that does not belong? Example: steep success deny deny find out exhausted sleep nap wake dream ¨ tall failure reveal hide cover up sleepy wake flat power admit admit discover tired high wealth confess cover up learn awake B. PERFORM Sometimes. B. 6. 5. To be able to interpret dreams. Look at the following examples of phrasal verbs based on take. 2..…. 1. only specially trained people can understand them. Howe noticed about the soldiers' weapons...…...…. 4. Phrasal verbs Exercise 3.. Many artists as well as psychologists give a great deal of …………. 4. there is a great deal of …………... D... INVENT I am reading a book called 'The ………….…. of Dreams'.. The sewing-machine was a very important …………. one of the soldiers was wearing.. Complete the following sentence with the correct form of the word in CAPITALS. D.…. 3. VOCABULARY Exercise 3. he was one of Howe's friends... to his problems while he SOLVE was asleep..….. 7. to dreams. images are used which have no meaning. he also had difficulty in falling asleep. about what a dream means. 5.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 3.. Thomas Edison is mentioned because A. strange images are used to communicate ideas.

. 3.. over. 2. run into .. children! Go and play outside. big C. asleep in the chair.. 6. across The children were ... Example: He spends and spends and has run out of money. Earlier B. A.. didn't see The company has had a bad year. an unknown poem by Shakespeare while he was looking through an old book. gain control of 3. up against D. 3.. 2.…. I just can't take in all this information... The plane ran ………….…. them again? 4.... deal of time trying to persuade me to buy the house. 1. became Our company is a small organization with only a few . understand 6. any new workers.. run along D. out of.. become short of something? go away. employments C. and will therefore not be . is going to B. A. taking on D.. 4. run through C. of petrol when it was over the mountains. had never seen B hasn't seen C. by the television programme. resemble 4. A drunken driver ran …………. A big American corporation is trying to take over our company. off C. John.. round B.…. experience of working in an office environment is essential for this job.. I wouldn't take on so much responsibility....…..…... run up B. accept 5.…..ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA a) b) c) d) e) f) The planes take off every few minutes. A. 3. isn't going to C.. A... fascinated B. 2. Initial D.…...….. the cat and killed it.. the accused before.. I'd like to . had ever seen D.. large B. occupy 1. Which phrasal verb based on run means: 1. absorb.5 Choose the best answer. First C. That girl really takes after her mother. leave? Exercise 3. You’ve already explained these instructions to me but could we run …………. A.. He was so tired that he . If I were you. taking up B. Run …………. fascination D.….. 5... meet? read or examine quickly? have no more. A. hit and knock down? encounter... into or through to complete the following sentences with run. 7. Use along.. employees B.... 10. employers D.. fascinate C. employs I'm not going to help you with your homework and neither . 5. A. A.. great D. C. 2. 1. a lot of problems when he tried to design the first practical sewing-machine. fell C. 5. what we did yesterday. Elias Howe ran …………. isn't Before we start the lesson.. Previous The witness told the court that he . went D.…. A. taking off C. now. 4.. fascinating 348 . A.. leave the ground B. This table takes up a lot of space. wide A professor recently came . 9. dropped B. 8.. She looks just like her. is D. taking after The estate agent spent a .

dreamt D. to C.. but I don't think anyone .…. am staying C.... Perhaps I .LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 11. for The shirt I was wearing today was torn. 14. at home and do some work. 12.. having a kitten? A. A. A. I forgot to tell you. 16. by D. seen C... shall you come The organizers decided to go ahead with the match . do C.. rising D.. 17.. do you come C. A. for The child woke up crying because she had . stay D. he has I don't know what to do this weekend.. steep C. A. A...…. will stay B.... So . A.. has he C. Use these time expressions with the present progressive.….. 15.. I am having a party on Friday . spend Do you know anyone who's interested ... unless D. 20. watched B.... remarked C. ? A. felt Psychiatrists spend a lot of time studying the mind. now right now at the moment subject I You He She It We You They be am are is are explanations Use the present progressive to talk about an action that is happening right now: an action in progress.….. The baby is crying. a nightmare.in addition . does B. psychologists. The dog and the baby are fighting. at B.….. in spite B.. I practised on a slope that was not too . 13. 18..…..…. he had D.... He has had a bad day . been drinking.. had he B... being late for school. did D. don't you come D. mentioned D. base form of the verb + -ing working. to C... will you come B.. 19.. he forgot his homework... in D. with B.. despite When I learned to ski.. tall The policeman who stopped him asked him if ... 349 ..…. A. would stay GRAMMAR DIGEST 3 PRESENT PROGRESSIVE TENSE FOCUS 1 PRESENT PROGRESSIVE: AFFIRMATIVE STATEMENTS examples The food is burning. the bad weather. A..….. although C... had B. noticed Oh.…. high B.

and the stress is on the last syllable. -x. add –ing. and –y. Do not double w. show showing fix fixing play playing 3 consonant + vowel + Double the consonant. He’s learning something today. It’s not easy to stay home with the children. and her babysitter can’t come. write writing Double the consonant. Actually. x. study studying do doing agree agreeing 350 . add sit sitting –ing. If the stress is not on the last Do not double the LISten listening syllable consonant. FOCUS 2 SPELLING OF VERBS ENDING IN –ING verb end 1 consonant + e 2 vowel + consonant (one syllable) Exception: verbs that end in –w. and y.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Affirmative Contractions subject + be contraction I’m You’re He’s She’s It’s We’re You’re They’re Exercise 3. add –ing. He’s taking care of the children and the house. lie lying die dying 5 All other verbs Add –ing to the base form talk talking of the verb. Robin is attending an all-day meeting at the college. But today.1 Underline all the present progressive verbs in the text. There is more –ing. He’s thinking about Robin. forGET forgetting than one syllable. He’s beginning to understand this. So Regis is spending the day at home. Regis isn’t having a good day. poor Regis is going crazy. rule examples Drop the –e. Today is not a normal day at the Harrisons’. Example: Regis isn’t having a good day. base form of the verb + -ing working. Robin’s babysitter comes at 3:00 when Robin leaves for work. add beGIN beginning consonant. Usually. but everything is going wrong. HAPpen happening 4 -ie Change –ie to y. He’s trying very hard.

The dog (8) _________________ (chew) on a bone. Everything is under control.3 Fill in the blanks with the present progressive of the verb. Robin isn’t taking care of the children today. Robin/wear comfortable shoes today. It’s We’re You’re They’re NOTE*: There is no standard English contraction with I am not. It We aren’t You They be contraction + not I’m You’re He’s She’s not working. Jimmy (9) _________________ (play) with his toys. “I _________________ (walk) into a zoo!” 3. Robin/take care of the children today. Suzy (10) _________________ (clean) her room.” 4. The baby (7) _________________ (sleep).4 Make sentences with negative contractions. Example: “You’re driving me crazy. It is 4:00. She (6) _________________ (wait) for her babysitter to arrive. ______________________________ Robin’s babysitter/come today. Exercise 3. “Quiet! You _________________ (make) a lot of noise.2 Fill in the blanks with the present progressive. “Oh no! The food _________________ (burn)!” 6. so she (4) _________________ (listen) to some music. “Stop that. She (2) _________________ (slice) onions and (3) _________________ (wipe) the tears from her eyes. Turn off the TV!” 1. Today’s a normal day at the Harrisons’. ______________________________ 351 . It We are You They negative contraction * You aren’t He isn’t She working. Robin (1) _________________ (prepare) dinner in the kitchen.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ Exercise 3. “That crazy dog _________________ (bite) me!” 2. 2. Exercise 3. My feet _________________ (kill) me. The house is quiet.” FOCUS 3 PRESENT PROGRESSIVE: NEGATIVE STATEMENTS subject + be + not I am You are He is not She working. “I _________________ (die) to take off my shoes. She (5) _________________ (think) about her class tonight. You _________________ (hurt) me.” 5. Example: 1. I can’t hear the TV. Jimmy.

______________________________ Regis/enjoy his children today. ______________________________ The children/listen to Regis. men are spending more time with their children.5 Read the story. 6. The baby and the dog/get along. he is jogging more often. ______________________________ FOCUS 4 CHOOSING SIMPLE PRESENT OR PRESENT PROGRESSIVE The simple present and the present progressive have different uses. ______________________________ Suzy/do her homework. If the underlined verb describes a temporary action or a changing situation write T/C in front of the sentence. 7. • things that are true in general Women usually take care of children. 10. 9. If the underlined verb describes an action in progress write a P on the line in front of the sentence. use the present progressive for: • actions in progress now Suzy’s watching TV right now. use the simple present for: • habits and repeated actions Suzy usually does her homework in the afternoon. 2. Example: 1. this year he’s taking better care of himself. ______________________________ Regis/relax. . time expressions right now now today at the moment this week this evening this year this month these days time expressions always rarely often never usually every day sometimes once a week seldom on the weekends Exercise 3. 8. • situations that are changing These days. But. not habitual Regis is taking are of the children today. 352 T/C Dad is under a lot of stress. ______________________________ Regis/laugh. 5. • actions that are temporary.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA 3. ____ ____ These days. ______________________________ Regis/pay attention to the dinner in the oven. 4. ______________________________ Suzy/help Regis. He is jogging right now.

3. _____________________________ f. Regis is spending the day at _____________________________ home. 2. Tonight. 6. The baby sitter usually takes car of the e. g. The kids are jogging with him. Suzy usually does her homework in the a. These days he is also spending more time with his family. Nowadays. This week … 2.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 3. 4. But that isn’t helping his stress. Robin usually takes care of the children. women are getting more education. ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ He is also trying to eat better. They are driving him crazy. Robin isn’t cooking dinner _____________________________ 3. make a second statement in the simple present. 5.8 Make sentences with these days or today to show changing situations. _____________________________ children when Robin goes to work. 8. These days … 4.7 Read each statement. he is eating more fruits and vegetables and less junk food. 2.6 Complete each of the following sentences to tell about an action that is temporary or a situation that is changing in your life. 7. women/get more education These days. 1. If the statement is in the present progressive. _____________________________ d. _____________________________ _____________________________ Exercise 3. Exercise 3. This year … Exercise 3. If the statement is in the simple present. Today. Today … 3. 5. Tonight she is watching cartoons on TV. 7. make a second statement in the present progressive. Nowadays … 6. c. evening. This month … 5. Example: 1. Right now. The babysitter usually doesn’t go crazy. _____________________________ 6. _____________________________ b. the baby and the dog are _____________________________ fighting. Simple Present Present Progressive 1. ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Women/get good jobs ______________________________________________ Fifty percent of American women/work outside the home _______________________________________________ Women/earn money _______________________________________________ 353 . _____________________________ _____________________________ 4.

(Taste means “how the food is”. Simple Present Present Progressive I think you’re a good student.) (Taste here means the person is putting the soup in his or her mouth. These verbs are not action verbs. Robin: I think (think) you need a vacation! 354 . examples Robin loves her job. I’m having a good time. (Have means “possess”. Use contractions. Example: Regis: I’m going (go) crazy in this house. 10. Women/become more independent ________________________________________________ Me/share the work in the home ________________________________________________ Husbands/help their wives ________________________________________________ Fathers/spend more time with their children ________________________________________________ The roles of men and women/change ________________________________________________ Add two sentences of your own.) (Have describes the experience. sound) POSSESSION (belong. 6. I am thinking about you now. remember. 8. smell. nonprogressive (stative) verbs FEELINGS AND EMOTIONS (like.9 Fill in the blanks with the present progressive or simple present form of the verb. but they have a different meaning. NOT: Robin is loving her job. want. Regis understands his wife. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ FOCUS 5 VERBS NOT USUALLY USED IN THE PROGRESSIVE There are some verbs we usually do not use in the present progressive.) Exercise 3. know. (Think means “believe”. 7.) This soup tastes delicious. believe. feel. Read the dialogues aloud.) I have two cars. need) MENTAL STATES (think. 9. forget.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA 4. The children need help. prefer. Regis hears the telephone ringing. 5. mean) SENSES (hear. own. love. They are called nonprogressive (or stative) verbs. I’m tasting the soup. NOT: The children are needing help. have) There are some stative verbs you can use in the present progressive. see. taste. seem. Robin and Regis own a house. hate. understand.

No. I need your help here. Regis: Hello. She (d) _______________ (come) to see Mommy every week. We (e) _______________ (do) just fine.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 1. don’t worry. Yes. am. are. isn’t aren’t. but they don’t listen to me. I (f) _______________ (yell) at them ell the time. please. Laura. not. really? Where’s Robin? Regis: Robin (d) _______________ (attend) a meeting at the college. Robin: You (h) _______________ (sound) terrible. I (b) _______________ (talk) to Mommy’s friend Laura right now. Regis? Regis: Oh. Regis: They (e) _______________ (act) like wild animal. Laura: Hello. Jimmy interrupts Regis’s telephone conversation: Regis: Hold on a minute. The telephone rings. I (g) _______________ (not/have) a very good day.K. You (c) _______________ (know) Laura. It is 3:00. hi. you (a) _______________ (need) my help every five minutes! I (b) _______________ (watch) TV right now! 2. Yes. What (c) _______________ (happen)? I hope the children (d) _______________ (behave). just wait a minute. Can I bring anything home dear? Regis: Yes. a bottle of aspirin! FOCUS 6 PRESENT PROGRESSIVE: YES/NO QUESTIONS AND SHORT ANSWERS yes/no questions Am I Are you Is he she working? it Are you we they short answers are. is. 355 . The telephone is ringing. 4. I (b) _______________ (be) on my way home. Bye! It is 5:30. But. Yes. Regis. I know I (b) _______________ (be) never home in the afternoon. Regis: Hello. Yes. yes. Robin: Hi. Dad. Regis: Suzy: Suzy.. Laura. but today I (c) _______________ (try) to be a house husband! Laura: Oh. Robin. so I (e) _______________ (take care of) the kids. 3. honey! The meeting (a) _______________ (be) over. Laura: Is everything O. Now. Talk to you later. Laura … Jimmy (a) _______________ (pull) on my leg! Jimmy. No. you I he she it we you they you I’m he she it we you they aren’t. No. No. What are you (a) _______________ (do) home in the middle of the afternoon? Regis: Oh. Please come home soon.

8. Example: Is the pizza tasting good? Does the pizza taste good? 356 . (She’s meeting) her friends. 3. Q: A: Q: A: Q: A: Q: A: Q: A: Q: A: Q: A: Q: A: Q: A: Q: A: Q: A: Q: A: Who is watching television? Suzy is watching television. 6. ____________________________________________________________ Robin is coming home right now. Who(m) is Regis taking care of tonight? Regis is taking care of the children. ____________________________________________________________ Robin’s thinking that she’s so lucky to be at work! ____________________________________________________________ They’re eating sandwiches for dinner because Regis’s dinner tastes terrible. Exercise 3. 12.11 Correct the mistakes in the following sentences.10 Write the question that asks for the underlined information. 11. (We’re going) because we can. Exercise 3. ____________________________________________________________ Frankie and the dog are fighting because they both want the toy. 1. ____________________________________________________________ Regis is feeling very tired right now.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA FOCUS 7 PRESENT PROGRESSIVE: WH-QUESTIONS wh-word What When Where Why How Who(m) Who* be am are subject I you is is she verb + -ing doing? going? answers (You’re) getting ready for the beach. ____________________________________________________________ Robin’s meeting is taking place at the college. 5. 7. 2. (I’m going) at 2:00. 10. 4. ____________________________________________________________ The children are making a lot of noise. 9. ____________________________________________________________ Regis is watching the children today. Clara (is having a nice day). ____________________________________________________________ Regis is taking two aspirin because he has a terrible headache. (We’re going) by car. (We’re going) to the beach. ____________________________________________________________ Robin is meeting her colleagues at the college. meeting? having a nice day? *Who is asking about the subject.

The lifeguard _______________ (watch) the swimmers and blowing his whistle. We are on vacation. Jennifer is looking (look) at the lifeguard. I have three sisters. 9. I _______________ (slide) down the water slide. This is my family. 3. 6. 11. Example: 1. 9. 12. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the present progressive tense. 3. Be sure to spell the verb correctly and use the correct form. 10. (Dad/get/sunburn) __________________________________________________________________ 357 . Dad _______________ (sleep) on the sand. Tito _______________ (eat) a hot dog. 5. Mom _______________ (buy) the ho dogs and hamburgers. 2. 6. he plays cowboy on his father’s back. The man _______________ (jump) into the water. Example: 1. Write a sentence describing each activity using the words in parentheses as cues. I also have a younger brother Tito and a baby brother. Ricky _______________ (wade). 10. 7. My two younger sisters. 4. 7. 8. Jennifer is my older sister.12 I am Jose. 2. Carmen and Margarita. 8. Frankie and the dog are fight. ______________________________________ Why are you working today? ______________________________________ Are you needing my help? ______________________________________ What Robin is thinking? ______________________________________ Is she believing him? ______________________________________ Right now. 4. _______________________________________ Where you are going? _______________________________________ People no are saving money nowadays. _______________________________________ You working hard these days. (Ricky/wade) Ricky is wading. Ricky. _______________________________________ How you doing today? _______________________________________ Exercise 3.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 1. are twins. _______________________________________ The soup is smelling bad. The drinks _______________ (spill). Right now we are having fun at the Wild Water amusement park. ______________________________________ He’s having a new TV. The hot dogs _______________ (burn). 5. Carmen and Margarita _______________ (bury) Dad in the sand.

3. 10. 5. 3. 6. 8. 4. 8. We aren’t having fun anymore. Using the negative form. 4. Everyone is hot and tired. 2. The family/have fun __________________________________________________________________ Dad/drive carefully __________________________________________________________________ Carmen and Margarita/sit still __________________________________________________________________ Mom/agree with dad __________________________________________________________________ The air conditioning/work __________________________________________________________________ I/talk to my family __________________________________________________________________ Traffic/move __________________________________________________________________ Jennifer/smile __________________________________________________________________ Ricky/sleep __________________________________________________________________ Dad/watch the road __________________________________________________________________ 358 . (Carmen/dig) __________________________________________________________________ (swimmers/splash) __________________________________________________________________ (the girls/bury/Dad) __________________________________________________________________ (hot dogs/burn) __________________________________________________________________ (I/slide) __________________________________________________________________ (lifeguard/blow/whistle) __________________________________________________________________ (Dad/lie in sand) __________________________________________________________________ (Mom/buy/food) __________________________________________________________________ (Jennifer/flirt) __________________________________________________________________ (Tito/eat) __________________________________________________________________ Now we’re on our way home from the park. 9. 5. 6.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA 2. 7. 11. 10. Tito/feel well Tito isn’t feeling well. Example: 1. complete the sentences using the given cues. 9. 7.

_________________________________. Example: 1. what food they are bringing. I’m usually in my math class right now. 5. 6. 2. 7. ____________________________________________. 4. __________________________________ now she isn’t at her boyfriend’s house. 3. Mom rarely makes cookies. 3. __________________________________________.14 Now we are getting ready for a big family reunion. Look at the lists. how they are coming. We aren’t doing the things that we usually do. Ricky usually takes a nap. 2. There are many correct answers to this exercise. What Potato Salad Drinks Fresh Fruit Cake Chips When Friday Morning Friday 7:00 am Friday Noon Friday Evening Friday Morning How Car Train Plane Car Bus Where Twins’ room Living room Jose’s room Guest room Garage __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 359 . Use but to connect the two phrases. but today I’m shoveling snow. I usually go to school. 10. Mom usually takes care of Ricky during the day. __________________________________________. _____________________________ at present they are arguing over a decoration. There are so may people that Mom made a list f who is coming. _________________________________. 4. when they are coming.13 At Christmas time things are different around my house. Example: Who Grandma & Grandpa Uncle Manuel Cousin Carla & her husband Aunt Luz Uncle Raul 1. Then answer the questions you write. _________________________. and where they are sleeping. Complete each complex sentence below by adding a phrase in the simple present or the present progressive. and write 15 questions about the people coming to the family reunion. 8. I hope they bring enough food for Tito.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ Exercise 3. Use as many different question words as possible. Dad usually helps me shovel the snow. _______________________________ today he’s putting up the Christmas lights. Tito usually eats good food. Be sure to use the correct time expression in your answer. _____________________________________ at the moment he’s eating cookies. Exercise 3. 9. When are Grandma and Grandpa arriving? They are arriving Friday morning. 5.

8. try to offer an interpretation of this dream. 360 . 10. 14. 11. (A) in (B) on (C) to (D) at 2. Kim likes ice cream. but _____________ makes her cold. 1. 12. 9. where. 15. can remember. 7. GRAMMAR Choose the one word or phrase that best complete the sentence. 13. or someone you know. try to answer the following questions: What was the scene (when. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ TUTOR-ASSESSED TASK WRITING Retell in writing a dream you.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA 6. why)? What happened (why)? How did it end? If possible. In retelling this dream. (A) she (B) it (C) he (D) you Artie and Gilberto go _____________ London every year. Use between 120 and 180 words.

try my new car when you turn The marathon race goes _____________ the center of the city and _____________ the bridge. (A) to (B) along (C) into (D) out of When the cat and the dog need food I give _____________ some. There are many fast-food restaurants _____________ the highway. (A) on (B) through (C) off (D) over Drink water instead of cole. 11. (A) me help (B) you help me (C) help me (D) help you The teacher walked _____________ the classroom. (A) it (B) they (C) them (D) him 15. (A) Turn left on (C) Turn left into (B) You turn (D) Turn you on 4. 9.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 3. 6. (A) out of (B) off of (C) at (D) down _____________ First Street. (A) it (B) onto it (C) on them (D) to it _____________! That car is out of control! (A) Watch out (B) Please. 361 . _____________ find my keys. 8. Please. 5. (A) watch it (B) watch them (C) you watch them (D) watch you it A hurricane can blow a roof _____________ a house. (A) me (B) him (C) you (D) them Betty has a problem with her daughter. 14. (A) through…up (B) past…through (C) through…acroos (C) over…down The rice is always overcooked. 12. 13. It is more healthy for _____________. She is always thinking about _____________. 7. 10. turn right (C) Put on your blinker (D) Please. (A) out of (B) out on (C) out off (D) out at Please. (A) him (B) she (C) them (D) her Ricardo plays the guitar and practices _____________ every day. _____________ more carefully. Monica flies _____________ San Antonio every week.

Please. has some more juice. Then turn in the corner of A B C D Central Ave. 19. 20. 18. The helicopter always flies up the city. Walk one block. A B C D After they climb up the mountain. Where did you buy it? At the fruit stand. C D The dog likes to play with the cat. it’s delicious. A B C D How often do you call your parents? I call him all the time. Don’t afraid to use it even if you make A B C D a mistake. 362 .ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be grammatically correct. 17. A B C D Excuse me. 24. 21. The pilot looks for traffic accidents. but when the dog comes into the house the cat runs away it. A B C D This is my best advice about learning a new language. the explorers climb off of the mountain. A B C D Who likes action movies? Mona likes they. He tells the drivers A B on the ground how to get away from traffic jams. Thanks. how do I get to the park? Go straight. he can read it during the winter break. Enrique has many new books. 16. 23. she watches them often. A B C D How do I get there? Walk at the corner and turn left. 22. A B C D You will send these tasks to your tutor for assessment. 25.

A language has a structure.2 Read the text and choose the best answer to the questions that follow. That is why the question 'Can dolphins speak?' can't be answered until we find out if dolphins not only make sounds but also arrange them in ways which affect their meaning. For example. If you stop to think about it. didn't seem to think it was unusual. 363 2. 'Oh. That's one of the words he knows. or what we call a grammar. Elvar looked up at Sagan. D. Sound travels much faster and much further in water than it does in air. asked him if he knew other words. Then. 1. B. Read through the following list of animals and divide them into two categories: animals which are useful or friendly to humans. What is more. or even words. Elvar had just swum up alongside him and had turned on his back. C. That is why the parts of the brain that deal with sound are much better developed in dolphins than in humans. it was part of the game they were playing. a dolphin named Elvar and a famous astronomer. spiders tigers mosquitoes dogs horses sheep whales wolves rats cats elephants mice B. in circuses? Why? Why not? Exercise 4. you will see that this difference doesn't come from the words in the question but from the difference in structure. told Sagan about other words the dolphin knew. He was standing at the edge of one of the tanks where several of these highly intelligent. . The grammar of a language helps to give it meaning. after a minute or so. the two questions 'Who loves Mary?' and 'Who does Mary love?' mean different things. Sagan had turned his back. He wanted Sagan to scratch his stomach again. as the astronomer had done twice before. and it has been known for a long time that they can make a number of sounds. he wanted Sagan to scratch him again. showing no surprise at all. such as warning each other of danger. D. Carl Sagan.' the director said. Sagan wanted him to do this.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ READING DIGEST 4 A DOLPHIN AND AN ASTRONOMER Exercise 4. these sounds seem to have different functions. thought Sagan was joking. But can it be said that dolphins have a 'language'. The astronomer was visiting an institute which was looking into the way dolphins communicate with each other. friendly creatures were kept. for example. the director A. yes. A language is not just a collection of sounds. in the real sense of the word? Scientists don't agree on this.1 A. waiting. When Sagan told the director about what the dolphin had done. One day in 1963. the dolphin leapt up through the water into the air and made a sound just like the word 'More!' The astonished astronomer went to the director of the institute and told him about the incident. Do you think we should train animals to entertain us. B. But this time Elvar was too deep in the water for Sagan to reach him. The dolphin leapt into the air because A. Dolphins have bigger brains in proportion to their body size than humans have. were playing a little game. and animals which are dangerous or a nuisance to humans. C.

.. help them to travel fast in water..... Complete the following sentences with an appropriate word formed from the word in Example: Notice the similarity of these words. 3. ? Stop it! Don't ……....... How many languages can you ……. nonsense! Please …….. B.. 2.. How do they show their .. Study these examples.... Sorry.. me when to get off this bus....4 CAPITALS..3 Complete the following sentences with say. C.......... 3. 7.. SIMILAR COMMUNICATE APPEAR INTELLIGENT ASTONISH DEVELOP CORRECT REFUSE ANGRY 1...... 2.. He wanted to learn more about the . Which is the phrasal verb? B.. When the chimps hear a certain cry.. D.. 6.. tell. they look up...ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA 3. each sound has a different meaning....... His ... tell............. Actions …….. The chimp's trainer made several ... to stop annoyed the chimp....... D.. talk or speak? Exercise 4... talk or speak. ? Please ……. very intelligent. I wasn't listening.... 5.. When do children usually learn to ……... they have a structure or grammar.... Sagan looked at Elvar in . louder than words. Look up the words you don't understand in the dictionary. VOCABULARY say...... 4........ A.... 7... ? 4... of a dolphin's brain.... respond to different kinds of sound. Language is a means of ...... But is the meaning the same in both examples? Which of the two is the phrasal verb? a) b) c) d) 364 Have you ever looked into a microscope? Carl Sagan has looked into the way dolphins communicate with each other.. .... C........ 6. The same pair of words is used twice... 4... The sounds we call words can be called a language only if A.... us another joke. 8... Dolphins' brains are particularly well developed to A. Dolphins are ............. each sound is different from the other. 8...... communicate with humans through sound...... ? What is the first word most children learn to ……. 1..... What did you ……. The chimp looked at Tim .. ? Exercise 4.... B.............. there is a system of writing... 5................... arrange sounds indifferent structures....

(Find out who. What is the difference in meaning in the following three pairs of sentences? What is it that causes this change of meaning? a) b) c) d) e) f) Sound travels through water very fast. 3. Who loves Mary? Who does Mary love? Stop to think about it! Stop thinking about it! Which sentence could be rephrased as follows? 1.6 Use the words and phrases below to make complete sentences.) The teacher works for someone.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ e) f) g) h) i) When I was very young. Study each sentence carefully. he will go on talking forever. If you give him a chance. Go up the stairs and turn left. ¨ Sound travels very fast in water. The sound travels through the water very fast. Mary loves someone.) Someone always leaves the door open. 5.) Only a very few people like doing exercises like these. What questions would you ask in these situations? Someone broke the window. Stop for a moment and think about it. Tom loves Mary but Mary loves Dick. Who? Someone loves Mary. a) Who loves Mary? b) Who(m) does Mary love? Lee Oswald killed Kennedy and Jack Ruby killed Oswald. Who? Can you rephrase the other two sentences? Two types of question with who B. (You want to know who. Then answer the two questions about each sentence.) Cleopatra loved someone. 2.) When do you have to use the? Exercise 4. a) Who killed Oswald? b) Who(m) did Oswald kill? C. 1. I wanted to go on the stage as an actor. (Ask who. 3. 365 1. 2. .5 A. Example: sound/travel/very fast/water. Come down here! LANGUAGE STUDY Structure changes meaning Exercise 4. (Ask who. (Find out who. Don't think about it. 4. 2. 4. Prices go up but never come down.

. I be/particularly interested/science of marine biology. I/not like/food/this restaurant..refusal A vowel and/or consonant changes: sell . ? It's a hard .? What's the ...... 6... In a few cases.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA 1.amusement appear ... 2.... stamps.... of this? Where do you ... 3... 6...7 A. I hate you. in London? Pan Am announces the ............... the noun form is exactly the same: I love you..... 2......appearance refuse . I have no use (/s/) for soap. you. Look at the word in CAPITALS.. d) e) 366 .. What form of the word do you need to complete the sentences? Does the word always change? 1........ 4.......... 10. This is an import (IMport)... 11. I be/very interested/science... about this. 7... Let's sign this ................. Scientists don't ........ 5...... But with many verbs. 4.. I .... 5. of flight 704 from New York.............. Sagan looked at Elvar in .... What does this word .sale act .. 9. the form can change in a number of ways...tendency believe ......... 8.. the stress changes: We import (imPORT) cars... Would you like to see my .. When a verb changes to a noun.. sound/your television set/very loud... This news will .. Can you think of other examples of each of the following (a-e)? a) A special ending (a suffix) is added: amuse .....reference tend . 7..... Love is a dangerous thing. ? AGREE AGREE MEAN MEAN LIVE LIVE ARRIVE ARRIVE ASTONISH ASTONISH COLLECT COLLECT B.. When will we ........ Everybody need/food/in order/live. 3.... 12..action refer ...belief b) c) Sometimes the spelling is the same but the pronunciation changes: I don't use (/z/) soap.... you enjoy/listen/classical music? you like/music/Beethoven and Mozart? love/money/be/often/strongest feeling/all.. 8. Hate is a strong feeling. How words change from verb to noun Exercise 4......

.. VERB suggest .......... One type of cry ... 367 confess impress possess inflate suspect pollute .... satisfy ...... Dolphins are not the only animals ... practice .. explanation ... make a list of endings like -ion which show you a word is a noun.................... export ....... One type of whale even sings.................. prove ..................... The second cry causes them to hide in the upper .....expression direct ................... s.... permission .. Whales also use a complex system of sounds ................ appearance .. t) as the verb changes to a noun? decide ...... (10) of trees and to stare nervously at the grass............... encourage ...... and its songs can ..... interfere ........ (4) of more than 300 kilometres.......... What do you notice about the sound of the final consonant (d.......................direction Give the noun forms (-ion) of these verbs......... advise NOUN ... Chimpanzees also use a system of different sounds to communicate with each ............................................. (8) to mean something like 'danger in the air' or 'big bird' and another apparently means 'danger on the ground' or 'snake'......... Carl Sagan said it ............ delivery ............................. When they . (7)........................... (1) humans that use sounds in an apparently intelligent manner... This is approximately the same .... 2... (3) on for as long as three or four hours.......... After analysing one of these songs with the aid of a computer................ Pronounce the words below. Pronounce them.............8 Read the following passage quickly to get an idea of what it is about................... (9) the first cry... How do these forms change? Give the missing form of the words below...... Do you notice any other changes from verb to noun? Pronunciation changes with –ion D......LIMBA ENGLEZĂ C............... What is more.............. (2) is similar in many ways to a human language................. (5) at least a million 'bits' of information... 1. they hide under trees or in holes and look up at the sky..decision confuse .................. give ..............confusion express ... breath .......................... they can be heard under water at .............. add divide persuade Exercise 4... From the completed table above and from any other words you know......................... Pronounce the words in the table. see .................. (6) of 'bits' as in a long poem like the Odyssey..........................

.. (16) angrier and angrier and used several signs which . (15) once refused to give her a drink......... The Other(s).... The food on the table is delicious. (11) of learning sign language.... Washoe ...... The Other.. Intensifiers Past Tense of Be FOCUS 1 ADJECTIVE PHRASES examples noun adjective phrase verb The man in the suit is the school principal.... The woman in the white coat is the school nurse... The woman is in a white coat. The woman is the school nurse...... (17) 'dirty Jack'! A group of chimps at a research institute in Atlanta.. So are gorillas.. (18) taught to type sentences. (13) things as 'Give me a drink' and 'banana'........ and he kept correcting the .......... Adjective phrases can combine two sentences. Washoe even .... Fill each of the numbered blanks with one word.. (14) to swear... Example: 368 explanations Adjective phrases are groups of words that describe nouns.... using a kind of computer... got correcting been who such contained besides mistakes learned distances branches capable other make/use seems/appears number/amount hear go meant which/that GRAMMAR DIGEST 4 ADJECTIVE PHRASES Another.... please leave room!' Here are the missing words... Other(s)...... The chimps' trainer was called Tim.... The verb agrees with the subject.. not with the noun in the adjective phrase.......... The chimp obviously wanted Tim to stop . Underline the subject and the verb in each sentence. One chimp called Washoe learned to ... The man with the books is the science teacher.1 Put parentheses around the adjective phrases... (19) one of the chimps made.. (20) him and typed out the following request: ‘Tim.. Georgia...ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Chimpanzees are also . The man (in the suit) works in an office.... She had a teacher called Jack ...... have recently ............. ...... Notice that sometimes more than one alternative is possible.... Exercise 4.......... (12) about 160 separate signs meaning ..

Exercise 4.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 1. 7. The woman with the easel and paints is the art teacher. They are waving to their friends outside. 3. 10. 8. 7. 1. 2. The man with the white hat works in the school cafeteria. 2. The truck parked at the grocery store is full of bread. 6. The boy on the skateboard is going to crash. The fire engine with the ladder is blocking the intersection. __________________________________________________________________ The boys are in the back of the room. The man in the suit and tie is the school principal. Exercise 4. 4. The tricycle with the squeaky wheel belongs to the little girl. 5. He is standing on the teacher’s desk. The car with a dent is a sports car. He is throwing a paper airplane across the room. He is reading. 10. He is the new teacher. 4. 369 .3 Combine each of the sentence pairs into one sentence with an adjective phrase. 8. __________________________________________________________________ The man is in a suit and tie. The boy has a striped shirt and black pants. 6. They are fighting. 1. The bulldozer with the woman driver is new. The man with the books and microscope is the science teacher. __________________________________________________________________ The man has a rope around him.2 Circle the adjective phrases in each of the sentences. 9. __________________________________________________________________ The boy is in a baseball uniform. The car with the red light on top is a police car. She is crying. The woman with the whistle is the girls’ basketball coach. 5. She is singing. 3. 2. 4. __________________________________________________________________ The boy is in the corner. 3. The girl has pigtails. He is the school principal. __________________________________________________________________ The girl is in the closet. 11. She is kicking her partner. __________________________________________________________________ The girl has a walkman. 6. The man at the stoplight is in a hurry. __________________________________________________________________ The girls are near the window. __________________________________________________________________ The girl with pigtails is kicking her partner. The men in the ambulance are paramedics. The woman in the white coat is the school nurse. The minivan on the highway is full of children. 9. The elegant lady with the chauffeur owns a limousine. 5.

9. Which shoes do you want? The ones in the window. __________________________________________________________________ Cheryl wants to buy the pullover sweater. Which coat do you like. dangling earrings. Substitute the words one or ones for nouns so you do not repeat the noun. Dad? The brown ones. __________________________________________________________________ Rachel likes the skirt with holes. Which teachers are women? The coach and the art teacher. __________________________________________________________________ Cheryl wants to buy the flat shoes. Complete the following by writing which questions for each answer. __________________________________________________________________ Rachel likes the high heel shoes. Which shoes do you like. __________________________________________________________________ Cheryl wants to get the long skirt. 5. __________________________________________________________________ Rachel wants to buy the hooded sweater. 7. Exercise 4. __________________________________________________________________ Rachel prefers long. __________________________________________________________________ Cheryl prefers the small earrings. 4. 370 . Mom? I like the black one. 6. 2.4 Cheryl and her daughter Rachel are going shopping for school clothes. 8.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA FOCUS 2 QUESTIONS WITH WHICH examples Which woman is wearing a white coat? The school nurse. 3. explanations Use which when there is a choice between two or more people or things. 1. You can also use adjective phrases after one and ones. __________________________________________________________________ Rachel likes the tight blouse. They each have different ideas about what kind of clothes to buy.

Thor. Right now. one more from a group more than one more the one you spoke about. Thor: But I don’t like (b) _____________ ties here.5 Thor is visiting Earth from another planet. 371 adjective another cookie other boxes the other box pronoun another meaning one more cookie. OTHER(S). the last ones in a group others the other the other cookies the others Ed: . Thor. George: You only have one tie. Ed Toppil interviews Thor on television. You need to buy (a) _____________ one. / (There are two others in the closet. the last one in a group the ones you spoke about. Do you know of any (3) _____________ planets? Thor: Yes. B: Here. Thor! But we can discuss that at (12) _____________ time. Do the Thoraxes have (9) _____________ language too? Thor: Yes. we do. Fill in the blanks with another. The other cookies are for me! (The others are for me!) Exercise 4. but English is a universal language. Many of us know there are (2) _____________ but we are not able to find them. Look at (c) _____________ over there. other(s). or the other(s). let’s stop for a station break. We speak Thoracic. The Limbix are the ones on the left. A: There are two other boxes in the closet. A: I’m still hungry. George: O. you know. Thor. I have photos of the people from both of (5) _____________ planets.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ FOCUS 3 ANOTHER. Ed. so we all learn it in school.K. Ed: On Earth?!! I don’t know if you can find many intelligent being on Earth. we are looking for (11) _____________ intelligent beings in the universe. People on (10) _____________ two planets speak English too! Ed: So what brings you to Earth? Thor: Well. Fill in another. They like to buy things. Where is the other box? / (Where is the other?) A: The other box is behind it. of course. THE OTHER(S) A: I’m hungry. Maybe you can find (d) _____________ one. Thor: Why? George: Because Americans are consumers. The Cardiax are (6) _____________ ones. We know two (4) _____________ Limbix and Cardiax. but (8) _____________ are very far away. or the other(s). Have a chocolate.6 1. Ed: I am surprised that you speak English so well. A: How many more cookies can I have? B: You can have one more. THE OTHER. other(s). the other. We on Earth are really excited to know there is (1) _____________ planet out there. Can I have another cookie? / (Can I have another?) B: There are no more cookies in the box. We are sure there are (7) _____________ out there. Thor tours America.) B: I found one box. Exercise 4. We also now know the planet Earth.

We have doctors. and I have two children. Are there any (d) _____________ professions you don’t have? We don’t have any lawyers. tell us about your family. What about (b) _____________ people one Thorax? What do they do? (c) _____________ do different jobs. Are you married? Yes.7 Test Thor’s knowledge. People eat it. Thor is in a candy store with a child. but is very informal. but first taste (a) _____________ one in the brown and green paper. It’s out of this word! Thor: Hmmmm. I am. to take (b) _____________ one? Soaprah: Thor: Soaprah: Thor: Soaprah: Thor: Soaprah: Thor: Soaprah: Thor: Soaprah: So. subject Thorax be is intensifier quite article a adjective special small attractive adjective small noun planet. FOCUS 4 INTENSIFIERS Intensifiers are words that make adjectives more or less strong. noun place. This is fairly long and thin. I’m happy to say. And what does your wife do? My wife is a spaceship pilot. different. planet. **Very is the only intensifier we use in negative sentences. similar. teachers. and so on. subject be article intensifier Earth is a very Thorax is a rather / pretty / fairly Thorax isn’t a very *Pretty has the same meaning as rather.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA 2. How many of the objects can Thor (and you) guess? 1. Exercise 4. 3. We don’t have any tax collectors.K. artists. Is it O. Thor. Thanks so much for coming. Thor: Which candy is good here? Child: This one is good. place. subject Earth The people on Thorax The people on Earth Thorax be is are are isn’t intensifier very quite rather / pretty* / fairly very** adjective beautiful. One is a specialist in interplanetary communication and (a) _____________ owns a spaceship factory. I was nice meeting you. That sounds great to me! Do you have (e) _____________ questions? I have a million (f) _____________ questions! But our time is up. beautiful. It is very popular in Italy. What is it? ___________________________ 372 . excellent. Thor.

Write an intensifier in each blank. All of them are good. There is more than one possible answer. It’s pretty fattening. People go inside the box. But this one is very special. It is quite common in people’s homes. 8. You put bread into it. It comes in brown or white. Ed: So tell me. They like its rather strong smell. This is a liquid. What is it? ___________________________ There are different kinds of candy.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 2. People put it in drinks on hot days. Many of your leader are not doing a (2) _____________ good job. 4. Others are (4) _____________ poor. It sometimes follows rainstorms. 5. Some people on Earth are (3) _____________ rich. Earth is a beautiful planet. It’s very useful in tall buildings. What is it? ___________________________ This is very cold. Sometimes it is very hot. what do you think of our planet? Thor: Well. 7. It’s electrical and pretty practical. It is brown. Thor. Ed Toppil continues his interview with Thor. It’s also pretty hard. People usually drink it hot. What is it? ___________________________ Exercise 4. 6. What is it? ___________________________ This is an electrical appliance.8 3. It’s quite slippery. What is it? ___________________________ This is a very popular piece of plastic. we can buy rather expensive things without money. but it’s (1) quite a strange place. It isn’t very big. What is it? ___________________________ This thing is quite colorful. It’s quite delicious. The box goes up and down. What is it? ___________________________ This is quite a big metal box. With it. It is quite a beautiful sight. It isn’t very common. There can be a (5) _____________ big difference among 373 .

Thor travels by spaceship. 4. That’s why we’re visiting Earth.10 Fill in a verb (affirmative or negative) and an intensifier in each blank.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Ed: people. Explain your answers. too. 1. 5. 374 A walkman is fairly useful. There are many possible answers. a credit card ____________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ music ____________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ knowledge ____________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ money ____________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ a good leader for the country ____________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ a computer ____________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ teachers ____________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ a beautiful planet ____________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ friends ____________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ Exercise 4. your art and music (9) _____________ beautiful. 2. Thor. A microwave oven ____________________ necessary. Learning is (7) _____________ important.9 How necessary or important is each thing? Make statements about Thor’s opinion and give your opinion. I’m sure we can learn many (11) _____________ useful and exciting things from you. Use intensifiers. That’s (10) _____________ interesting. 10. Exercise 4. we are all equal. 7. For Thor. On Thorax. Money isn’t (6) _____________ important. Also. 6. a spaceship is very important. A cordless telephone ____________________ practical. I travel by car. 4. 8. . Big cars ____________________ economical. 9. 2. a spaceship For me. 3. Your knowledge can be (8) _____________ useful to us. 3. 1. a spaceship is not necessary.

Matin Luther King Jr. but all the people (7) _________ friendly and polite. Kennedy and of Aristotle Onassis. Marilyn Monroe _________ an American movie star. 6. A credit card ____________________ dangerous. Indira Gandhi _________ the Prime Minister of India.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 5. 10. Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis _________ the wife of president John F. Airplanes ____________________ safe. a Greek millionaire. 9. many political leaders at the meeting. our favorite place (8) _________ Cinderella’s palace! The fireworks at night (9) _________ beautiful! It (10) _________ great for us. Fill in the blanks in the postcard. but Dad (11) _________ really hot and tired at the end of the day! We miss you! See you soon. 7. Disneyworld (6) _________ crowded. 2. famous. Fast food ____________________ popular in my country. 5. A driver’s license ____________________ important. Abraham Lincoln. Here we are in Florida. Mao Tse Toung _________ a revolutionary and political leader in the People’s Republic of China. and Theodore Roosevelt _________ presidents of the United States. Love. _________ an American civil rights leader. 8. 4. FOCUS 5 PAST TENSE OF BE subject I You He She It We You They There There verb was were was were was were a famous actress in that film. but the rides and the shows (5) _________ fun. American movies ____________________ violent. The lines (4) _________ long. The sun (2) _________ really strong and it (3) _________ very hot. George Washington. Dear Grandma and Grandpa. 1. What a place! Yesterday we (1) _________ at Disneyworld all day. A university degree ____________________ important. 6.11 Use the past tense of be to make correct statements about the following famous people. Use be in the simple past. Marie and Pierre Curie _________ French scientists. Exercise 4. 3. Thomas Jefferson. Melanie and Michele 375 . The Beatles _________ a famous British rock group in the 1960s. 8. 7.

He is there”. The Indian maiden looked and looked.13 This story is a story similar to the story of Cinderella. The first sister said. Strong Wind and the maiden _________ married and they _________ very happy together. but the maiden’s clothes _________ old rags. They made her do all the work. The maiden _________ very beautiful. The three sisters all wanted to marry Strong Wind. She couldn’t see him at all.” Strong Wind became visible to all the people of the village and they saw she was telling the truth. he made an announcement he would marry whoever could see him when he was invisible. Then the maiden shouted “I see Strong Wind. then said. He _________ very powerful. but it is from Canadian Indians who live on the Atlantic coast of North America. They _________ mean to her. there _________ a great warrior named Strong Wind. That is why the aspen trees shake when Strong Wind passes. The two sisters _________ angry and tried to hurt the maiden. There weren’t any dates in the task. The second sister said. He _________ different from all the other warriors because he could make himself invisible. and her sisters _________ jealous. The first one has been done for you as an example. Her mother _________ dead. I see him. so he made himself visible only to her. but she was lying.14 How do Michael and Carol remember their trip to Disneyworld? Fill in the blanks with the affirmative or negative of be in the simple past. 376 . It We You weren’t They There wasn’t any time to eat. so her sisters took care of her. no dates in the task. famous. the Invisible. When Strong Wind _________ ready to marry.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Exercise 4. Many girls in the village wanted to be Strong Wind’s wife. Strong Wind liked her honesty. he’s there. “I see Strong wind. I cannot see him. But Strong Wind turned them into aspen trees. In the same village.” But she _________ not truthful either. negative contractions I wasn’t You weren’t He She wasn’t famous. “No.” She _________ honest. “Yes. Complete the story using was or were. FOCUS 6 PAST TENSE OF BE: NEGATIVE STATEMENTS subject I You He She It We You They There There be + not was not were not was not were not was were no time to eat. Exercise 4. The older sisters _________ rich. The Indian Cinderella Once there was an Indian maiden.

you were in the country with your friends… 1. The weather? How was the weather? It was cold. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 377 . Then make a true affirmative statement. Carol. 2. The food (10) _________ fine. It (7) _________ (not) boiling hot. Characters Strong Wind Sisters Maiden honest beautiful powerful weak angry rich Descriptions a great warrior nice jealous happy dishonest poor 1. 3. hi. the weather (6) _________ boiling hot. Come on. Oh. Of course.15 Make sentences about last weekend with the adjectives in the box. rude slow crowded In the evening. 4. you were at a party. how (1) was your trip to Disneyworld last week? Hi. 3. how can you say that? I think the children and I (5) _________ very satisfied with our vacation. write five negative statements about the characters in “The Indian Cinderella”. Alice. Carol. it (4) _________ terrible! But Michael. Michael.16 __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Using the list of characters and descriptions. Michael. it (8) _________ very comfortable. Hi. The people (11) _________ (not) friendly. Fun! That vacation (3) _________ (not) fun. How were the people? Exercise 4. The kids (13) _________ very difficult. 5. they (12) _________ friendly. Example: Strong Wind was not weak. you were at an expensive restaurant. The food (9) _________ (not) very good. The kids (14) _________ (not) difficult. cheap cold rainy polite sunny interesting friendly windy comfortable terrible warm small wet nice delicious good charming wonderful Last weekend. they (15) _________ great. Michael. How was the restaurant? The food and service? After the restaurant. it (2) _________ fun. There are many correct answers to this exercise. Exercise 4. 2. He was powerful.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ Alice: Carol: Michael: Carol: Michael: Carol: Michael: Carol: Michael: Carol: Michael: Carol: Oh.

3. were not. was. There was not a mother in the story. wasn’t. there were three sisters. 2. 5. No. there weren’t. her sisters were rich. __________________________________________________________________ Yes. there was not. The story was about two good sisters. the sisters were jealous and mean. weren’t. weren’t. he/she/it he/she/it you/we/they were. he right? she Was it we Were you they Was there any good food at Disneyland? Were there long lines at Disneyworld? Exercise 4. 3. __________________________________________________________________ There was a princess in the story. __________________________________________________________________ The story was sad at the end. __________________________________________________________________ The maiden was unhappy at the end of the story. there were not.17 Make the following statements true by changing them into negative statements. No. 4. short answers affirmative you I he she it you we they Yes. __________________________________________________________________ The maiden’s clothes were new. were not. was not. 378 . there were. there was. 2. they were not nice to the maiden. was. No. were. __________________________________________________________________ FOCUS 7 YES/NO QUESTIONS AND SHORT ANSWERS WITH BE IN THE SIMPLE PAST yes/no questions verb subject Was I Were you Yes.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Exercise 4.18 Read the answers. Write the yes/no questions about the Indian Cinderella story. there wasn’t. There was a mother in the story. __________________________________________________________________ Yes. Were the sisters nice to the maiden? No. __________________________________________________________________ Yes. negative you you I I No. Example: 1. Example: 1. was not. wasn’t. you/we/they No. Yes.

__________________________________________________________________ No. sir. Example: Police Officer: Furlock: Police Officer: Furlock: Police Officer: Furlock: Police Officer: Furlock: Police Officer: Furlock: Was there a crime last night? There were several police officers at the house. Exercise 4. (7) _________________ one witness – a neighbor. How about witnesses? (6) _________________ any witnesses to the crime? Yes. he was a powerful warrior. 8. we think. 1963. sir. was were was 379 . they weren’t honest. sir. __________________________________________________________________ Yes. the ending was happy. 9. Because Kennedy was a popular president. It was in Dallas. __________________________________________________________________ No. the sisters were not married.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 4. Fill in the blanks with there + be in the simple past. 6. she was honest. (5) _________________ any motive for this crime? We don’t know. 5. The body was here. __________________________________________________________________ Yes. __________________________________________________________________ Yes. Texas. 7. __________________________________________________________________ No. (2) _________________ a gun next to the body. (1) _________________ a weapon? Yes. Detective Furlock. her clothes weren’t new.19 Detective Furlock questions a police officer about a crime. Very sad. Lee Harvey Oswald. 1963? the assassination? the day? the assassin? the assassination? people sad? it? answers It was the day of President Kennedy’s assassination. Lee Harvey Oswald’s. November 22. She said (8) _________________ loud noises in the apartment at midnight. (4) _________________. (3) _________________ any fingerprints on the gun? No. Where is she? Bring her to me… FOCUS 8 WH-QUESTIONS WITH BE wh-questions What Where How Who When Why Whose gun be subject November 22.

but it was difficult last year. I my parents my teacher my classmates my car my friend my clothes my house (apartment) you we my family English today this year tonight this morning now this time excited clean neat broken fixed pretty old new busy lazy hard happy unhappy sad angry homesick beautiful ugly easy difficult soft noisy 380 . 5. My parents were in shock too. Andrea: (1) _________________ you on the day of Kennedy’s assassination? Helene: I was in school. Examples: yesterday last night yesterday morning last year before Last year English was difficult for me. English is easy this year. Exercise 4. sad. There was an announcement over the loud speaker.20 Fill in the wh-question word and the correct form of be to complete each sentence. How it was the trip to Disneyworld? Exercise 4. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Was hot the weather at Disneyworld last week? Where the earthquake was in Japan in 1996? Why the people were on Mount Everest? Was good the service at the restaurant? No was any dates in the document. 8.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Exercise 4.22 Create 10 sentences that contrast past and present meaning using but. Each sentence should contain on word or phrase from each box. and afraid. Andrea: And at home? (5) _________________ things at home? Helene: At home. We were all very upset and silent.21 Correct the mistakes in the following sentences. 2. Andrea: (2) _________________ you with at the time? Helene: I was with my friend Patty. 3. 4. confused. 6. Andrea: (4) _________________ you all silent? Helene: Because it was hard to believe he was dead. 1. There are many correct answers. Do was Indira Gandhi and Golda Meir Prime Minister? The Beatles wasn’t fashion designers. Andrea: (3) _________________ it in school that day? Helene: It was terrible. 7. Andrea: (6) _________________ their feelings after the assassination? Helene: They were angry. but this year it is easy. things were very bad.

Example: What was she like before they met? 1. You interviewed one of the wedding guests to find out how the bride and groom met. When ________________________________________________________________ 3. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Exercise 4. How _________________________________________________________________ 6. 3. Who _________________________________________________________________ 381 . What _________________________________________________________________ 2. Be sure to use be in the simple past. 2.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 1. 5. 7. Why _________________________________________________________________ 5. Write the questions you asked. Where ________________________________________________________________ 4. 4. Whose sisters __________________________________________________________ 7. 8. 6. 9.23 Imagine that you were a newspaper reporter who attended the wedding of Strong Wind and the Indian maiden. 10.

Some Gypsies may hide their identity to escape persecution. . E. That's it until the next season. St Boswell's in the borders then on to Cambridgeshire for strawberry picking followed by the Stow-on-the-Wold fair and Barnet fair. "You're not a proper Gypsy if you don't go to Epsom. Travellers have been coming to Appleby for hundreds of years. B. There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use. A. people assumed they came from Egypt. Romanies: 1.2 You are going to read a magazine article about the Romany people. F. G. Choose from the list (A-H) the sentence which best summarises each part (1-6) of the article. 4. Gypsies in England have an annual fair where horses are bought and sold. where the Epsom Derby race is the main horse racing event of the Gypsy calendar.1 How are Romany people (Gypsies) treated in this country? Do you know anything about their lifestyle? Exercise 5. the larger part of Britain's 75.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA READING DIGEST 5 ROMANIES Exercise 5. a nation among nations. and describe themselves using the word "Rom" which includes all descendants of the people who left India a thousand years ago. Gypsies actually claim to be specific people. Many millions of Gypsies live in Britain.000 years on the road F Every June. From Appleby the gypsies move on to another town." 3. The Gypsy people originally came from India. H. D. References to the fair itself are found as early as 1176 and it's believed that Gypsies started to attend it in the 13th century. 1. Gypsy is a modification of the word Egyptian. 382 0. In Medieval England. gradually working their way westwards and picking up parts of different languages and various cultures along the way. working and taking part in fairs. C. 2. It seems that the Gypsy people left Northern India in the 10th century. There is an example at the beginning (0). The use of the word "Gypsy" as a description for Romany people actually came about by mistake. When these mysterious dark-haired people began arriving in England in the Middle Ages. The main attraction of the fair is horse dealing. All week long silver caravans and trailers arrive at the site one of the world's very few remaining displays of Gypsy culture. which begins in June with a week of horse racing at Epsom. As the saying goes. The fair has a long history.000-strong Gypsy population gather together at the town of Appleby for the famous horse fair. the people mistakenly believed the Gypsies came from Egypt. What makes a Gypsy? This has proven a very difficult question to answer. Throughout the year Gypsies travel around Britain. The Gypsy culture and lifestyle will continue unchanged into the future.

.. of witches was widespread in the Middle Ages... are maintained as ....................... the Gypsy lifestyle of travelling and working... (sole) of produce that they have grown and meat that their warriors have caught while hunting.. Gypsy customs are rarely revealed and this is because of a distrust of outsiders......... (civilise) as we know it today................ (keep) 2.. his identity from the police.... (lead). a fair Exercise 5.. to move on long customs to work to attend to pick up ...... She is a(n) . roots ........ event .... They have concealed their language too... In England in the 16th century the punishment for speaking Romany was death...................... to his car................... (cruel and unfair treatment) 4.4 Fill in the appropriate word(s) from the list... so he tried to .......... (hide) 6.. distrust of maintain reference to modifications persecution conceal reveal descendant 1......... goes 383 ....... her true identity.…..…............LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 5. However..….. His mother's ...... The lawyer made no ...... gypsy the saying racing horse ... The food that they eat consists 4) ... Many hide their Gypsy roots to avoid the trouble it can bring them......... There are thought to be around 15 million Romanies in the world....... whatever the attitude of outsiders.. to another town ... (relative) 5.... (changes) 3......….... a language ........... (centre) Africa are one of the few ancient tribes that remain almost untouched by 2) .......... with the largest number (around 2 million) living in Romania. and will undoubtedly continue for centuries into the future..…...5 Complete the following text with the correct word derived from the words in brackets... The Indians try to .3 Fill in the gaps with the correct word(s) from the list below.......... along with their customs and religion..... with the eldest members of the tribe acting as 3) ..................... (lack of faith in) 7......... (cultivate) of grains and vegetables........ (make known) 8.. Gypsies and non-Gypsies often look at each other with suspicion..... 6. Use the word only once. VOCABULARY Exercise 5.... their ancient customs in the modern world.. the burglar's criminal past.. Only Masai men are allowed to hunt while the women are responsible for the 5) .......... history .........…................... of Winston Churchill .............. their way westwards ..…....... The ..... He has made some . Peter was afraid of being arrested... They are a very close-knit people and live in clans....... him was such that he wasn't allowed to go out alone. (mention of) Exercise 5......................…........... The spy was instructed never to . He has repainted it and changed the engine.he was her great-great-grandfather... The Masai people of 1) ..............….. have been maintained through the centuries.

charm D. took place outside that bar last night.... A....... revealed D.............. reasons why you don't like him? A.... chief C...…...... error B.. reveal gather recommend trailers Exercise 5.….......... . 4...... 3....... 2... to celebrate the royal wedding. ...... 3................ Music is an important part of American ....... A nasty .. 5..... of bowing to each other when they meet........ oversight Are there any .. 3.. show D...... 4..….. 4............ . and came second. was called off because of the rain............ demonstrated B............... with Hollywood film stars.........…. b) race. is a big event for the film industry.. 4.. civilisation The Incas were an ancient South American . 2..7 Choose the correct item. gala The children enjoyed the rides at the fun ..... ...8 Fill in the blanks with a suitable word. On that . 1. 1.... 2.. 2...... The Japanese have a . specific B. of the TV series. fault C.... ...... exposed People have an endless ..... Sam was so tired that he caught the wrong train by .. the identity of the murderer to the police.... position There was a huge fireworks ............ mistake D...6 Find the odd word out.... The football .. It is a Christmas . uncovered C. 384 conceal pick attend inhabitants uncover deal suggest residents expose collect propose population a) culture... of fire. incident.... The children played a .... she was lost for words.. d) fair.. 1.. exhibition C. 2... display B. custom..... tradition. This is the second ..... 1.. I bought a jar of home-made jam at the" church ....... A. A....... appeal C..... 4.... . 1...….. attraction B.... performance took place to mark the Queen's birthday.... festival........... to hang out a stocking on Christmas Eve.... contest The runners were extremely tired after the .. 3. treatment C... My sister entered a beauty ...... c) occasion....... A... A.. 3........ bazaar..ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Exercise 5.. fascination Exercise 5........... match. of football......... 3.... towards her mother was rude and unacceptable.….. game. episode.. main D........ The Cannes film .............. 6.... A .. characteristic Her . raise the alarm. 4. handling B... 1. two men were stabbed... performance She . behaviour D.. ............. 2. event In the ...............

...... which isn't .. 1..... Sarah...... ........10 Fill in as or like 1.............................. She's ................ 2............ much ..... 5............. (obtain) I wanted to go sailing last week but I came .. I mentioned.... 7......................" she said.. Ditto was the best English teacher in the English Language Center... a new person..... a child.. I feel .......... If you do .. (find) When Helen's new novel came ... surprised .. 4..... 8. . The students enjoyed her classes and really liked her..... you will soon feel .. He wasn't ......... ............ I say....... It didn't rain .... 3..... (was published) Exercise 5..9 Fill in the appropriate particles... though it's going to rain....... (visit casually) If you come ...... .. just .... if you've started a new life.. 6.... 8....... her mother was at that age..... GRAMMAR DIGEST 5 PAST TENSE FOCUS 1 OPENING TASK Exercise 5. 5.. (inherited) The teenager could not come ........ It looks ..... The party didn't quite come . 3.. an expert in the field of archaeology but ..... if I was still ten years old.. a bad cold and couldn't go................ that new book........ 385 ........... John looks so much .... 7... She brought in interesting videotapes for her students to watch every week. pretty ...................... adults if we want to be treated .... It's .. him. as well as I'd hoped as hardly anyone turned up...... it's .. she began to use VCR in her classes.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ Exercise 5. did it? He treats me . 6............ I know he's never been to Egypt........ (became ill with) John came ................ more often? We all miss you...... (succeed) "Why don't you come ..... 2... a picture........ a fortune when his uncle died...........1 Read the mystery. far ... this last spring.... them... if they were brother and sister.... will you buy it for me? (find by chance) Tickets for tomorrow's performance will be very hard to come ........... a good excuse for coming home so late.................. For most students. Three years ago... The professor is seen ...... it caused a sensation... Ms................. ................... I'm still at school.. 4.... I expected him to be. we must try to behave more ..................................

Harry’s writing wasn’t very good. Ms. He asked Harry to open the language lab. Ditto’s class. Please understand my. Harry felt angry with Ms. Harry. What I can do now? How can I live? I take this VCR because I have angry.2 Read the sentences and check True or False. Harry did well in Ms. Ms. the Director of the English Language Center heard the university didn’t have money to pay the teachers. Regular verbs can change spelling in the simple past tense. Ditto a job this semester. Yes. Ditto Exercise 5. In its place. FOCUS 2 SPELLING OF REGULAR PAST-TENSE VERBS subject I You He She It We You They base form + -ed False started three years ago. 3. Last summer he got a job in the language lab to pay tuition for her class again this semester. if the verb ends in: a consonant want need a vowel + y enjoy play 386 spelling rule Add –ed wanted needed Add –ed enjoyed played . Ditto. But when Harry opened the door to the lab. They were not able to give Ms. Just before the new semester started. so he failed Ms. 2. Harry worked in the language lab. Harry disliked Ms. Everyone was sad. the VCR was not there. Harry needed money. The note said: Today. True 1. I sorry… C. Ditto’s students didn’t like her. I very sad. 6. I no can work in English Language Center because there no have money to pay me.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Only one student. Ditto didn’t have a job this semester. Professor Brown wanted to use the VCR. there was a typed note with a signature on it. Ditto. Ditto’s class twice. 5. 4. Harry just laughed! On the first day of class. Ditto. didn’t like Ms.

11. She ____________________ (help) her students to understand the tapes. Ms. 9. add –ed listened visited Go back to the Opening Task and underline all the regular past-tense verbs in the text. 13. Ditto ____________________ (stop) teaching because the university didn’t have money to pay her. 10. Ms. A VCR ____________________ (disappear) from the language lab. 5. One day. 1.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ a consonant -e like smile a consonant + y study worry consonant + vowel + consonant (one syllable verbs) stop drop -x. 4. add –ed occurred preferred Do not double the consonant. -w (one syllable verbs) show fix two-syllable verbs stress on the last syllable oCCUR preFER two-sylable verbs stress on the first syllable LISten VISit Exercise 5. They enjoyed her classes and really liked her.4 Fill in the blanks with the past tense of the verbs. 3. They ____________________ (discuss) the tapes in class. 7. Ditto enjoyed (enjoy) her classes. 387 . The students ____________________ (study) new vocabulary. Many students ____________________ (register) for her class every semester. add –ed showed fixed Double the consonant. 6. The students ____________________ (play) language learning games in class. add –ed stopped dropped Do not double the consonant. Example: Exercise 5. 12. a robbery ____________________ (occur) at the English Language Center.3 Add –d liked smiled Change –y to –i. 8. All the students really ____________________ (love) her. Ms. Ditto ____________________ (use) interesting videotapes in her classes. Ditto’s students ____________________ (cry). Ms. They ____________________ (learn) about American life. 2. add –ed studied worried Double the consonant.

g. wanted waited * Voiceless sounds: s. 2. Teachers always liked (like) Benny. the final –ed is pronounced pointed /id/. “Who did that?” he __________________ (ask). 7. The teacher __________________ (punish) the other students. 15. The teacher was really angry. He always __________________ (finish) his work first. they __________________ (decide) to get him into trouble. the final –ed is asked pronounced /t/. 12. 8. ** Voiced sounds: b. f. sh. All the students __________________ (point) to Benny. x. They threw the paper ball at the teacher. They __________________ (wait) for the teacher to turn his back. The other students __________________ (hate) Benny. The teacher always __________________ (call) on him. p. ch.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA FOCUS 3 PRONUNCIATION OF THE –ED ENDING verb end examples Group I /t/ After voiceless sounds*. He __________________ (work) hard in school. 14. 4. Benny was an excellent student. 11. v. kisses stopped Group II /d/ After voiced sounds**. One day. the final –ed is robbed pronounced /d/. k. 13. 10. n. z. 9.6 The solution to the Ms. killed played Group III /id/ After /t/ and /d/. m. /t/ 1. 17. Exercise 5.5 Put each verb in the simple past. r. l. 16. Exercise 5. Ditto story is in this exercise. he never __________________ (talk) out of turn. They __________________ (roll) a piece of paper into a ball. Fill in the blanks with the past tense of the verbs in the box. Check the column that shows the pronunciation of each verb. 6. or a vowel. It _________________ (land) on the teacher’s head. But the teacher __________________ (trust) Benny. He __________________ (remember) all his lessons. 5. discuss look remember fire notice learn type confess believe lock ask sign 388 /d/ /id/ . He always __________________ (answer) questions correctly. He ______________ (yell) at the class. 3.

subject verb I You He She went to New York last year. To solve the mystery. FOCUS 4 IRREGULAR PAST-TENSE VERBS: AFFIRMATIVE STATEMENTS Many verbs in the past tense are irregular. Ditto was an honest person.” In the end. the Director (12) ________________ Harry. The Director (7) ________________ Harry to come to her office. she was sad. Finally. She (4) ________________ the problems between Harry and Ms. She (6) ________________ all the grammar mistakes! And the signature on the not was not Ms. Ditto’s name. Ditto’s signature. They do not have the –ed form. She (2) ________________ Ms. Harry said. Then. Harry (9) ________________ to the crime. “I (10) ________________ the note and (11) ________________ Ms. the Director (5) ________________ at the note again.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ When the Director of the English Language Center (1) learned about the robbery. Ditto. the Director (3) ________________ herself in her office alone. She (8) ________________ the problem with him. It We You They You can learn irregular past-tense forms in groups: base form simple past base form /ae/ sound /i/ sound began buy begin drank bring drink rang catch ring sang fight sing sank teach sink swam think swim Base form and past-tense forms are the same cost cut hit hurt put quit shut let cost cut hit hurt put quit shut let -ow blow grow know throw /ly/ sound feed feel keep lead leave meet read sleep simple past -ought/-aught bought brought caught fought taught thought -ew blew grew knew threw /e/ sound fed felt kept led left met read slept 389 .

Exercise 5. 1.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA -d lend send spend bend build -t lent sent spent bent built Change of vowel become come dig draw fall forget get give hold hang run sit win became came dug drew fell forgot got gave held hung ran sat won break choose sell tell speak steal drive ride wake write Other be bite do eat find fly go have hear hide lose make pay say see shake shoot stand take tear understand wear /o/ sound broke chose sold told spoke stole drove rode woke wrote was bit did ate found flew went had heard hid lost made paid said saw shook shot stood took tore understood wore Exercise 5. Fill in the blanks with the past tense of the verbs in parentheses. 3.7 Go back to The Opening Task. They had a dream vacation in London last autumn. 390 Lisa and Kate flew (fly) to London on Sunday. . November 4. Ms. Example: For most students.8 Lisa and Kate are from Finland. Ditto was the best English teacher in the English Language Center. 2. They ________________ (find) many interesting things to do in the city. They ________________ (eat) great food every day. Circle the irregular past-tense verbs.

They ________________ (spend) an evening at a jazz club. morning afternoon evening year night summer month week an hour two days six months a year in 1988 on Sunday at 6:00 the day before yesterday yesterday [ last ago 391 . so she ________________ (catch) a cold. 2. They ________________ (meet) a nice woman at the museum. They ________________ (leave) the car on the street and ________________ (get) a tenpound parking ticket! A thief ________________ (throw) a rock through the car window and ________________ (steal) Monique’s camera. they ________________ (go) ice skating. 8. so on Monday they ________________ (go) shopping for new clothes. They ________________ (take) a boat to the Maritime Museum at Greenwich. 4. 13. On Sunday. November 4. 10. Monique and Daniel’s flight to London was late. 8. On Sunday morning. they ________________ (get) stuck in the underground when their train ________________ (break) down. 11. 3. She ________________ (break) her new camera. 1. On Friday. 12. On Tuesday. They ________________ (think) London was a beautiful.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 4. They ________________ (go) to the British Museum. 9. Monique was wet and frozen. Their vacation in London was a nightmare.9 Monique and Daniel are from France. 5. Lisa ________________ (buy) gifts for her friends in Finland. so they sat (sit) in the airport for four hours. they each ________________ (wake) up with stomach problems. 6. friendly city. 9. Monique had the new camera around her neck. Fill in the blanks with the past tense of the verbs in parentheses. 10. Monique ________________ (fall) on the ice ________________ (hurt) her knee. 5. 14. On Thursday. they ________________ (pay) fifty pounds to rent a car. they ________________ (buy) a new camera downtown. FOCUS 5 TIME EXPRESSIONS Time expressions tell us when the action occurred in the past. 7. The airline company ________________ (lose) all their luggage. Later that Sunday. On Wednesday. 11. 7. 12. On Saturday night. they ________________ (take) a taxi to the airport and finally ________________ (leave) for home. They ________________ (speak) English with her all afternoon. and ________________ (drive) to Brighton. they ________________ (eat) some unusual food on a restaurant. Exercise 5. They ________________ (see) an exhibit at the Museum of Modern Art.

they had bad luck every day. 4. Last Sunday. I took a trip to Sighişoara. _______________________________________________________ Two days ago. Use time expression to complete the sentences. Example: 1. 10. a VCR disappeared from the English Language Center. They left London ______________. November 13. ________________________________________________________ The day before yesterday. 6. 3.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA examples On Sunday. 6. ____________________________________________________ In 1988. Think back to Monique and Daniel’s nightmare vacation in London. _______________________________________________________ FOCUS 6 PAST TENSE: NEGATIVE STATEMENTS subject I You He She It We You They did + not / didn’t base form of verb did not didn’t work. __________________________________________________ At six o’clock this morning. 5.10 explanations Time expressions can come at the beginning or at the end of a sentence. ___________________________________________________________ Last year. Example: 1. Monique and Daniel are back in Paris. they flew to London. 2. _____________________________________________ Yesterday morning. Their plane took off ______________ 8 o’clock ______________ the evening. ___________________________________________ An hour ago. ______________ week. __________________________________________________________ Last summer. 8. 4. Monique and Daniel left Paris for London. I was exactly a week ______________ that they got stuck on the underground in London. Exercise 5. Monique and Daniel returned to Paris ______________. ______________________________________________________ On Sunday. 7. Yesterday morning. Lisa and Kate went to Spain two years ago.11 Make true statements about yourself. 392 . 2. Six months ago. Monique and Daniel left London ______________ Sunday. Use a comma after the time expression if it is at the beginning of the sentence. It is now Tuesday. Use each of the time expressions below. 3. Two months ago. Exercise 5. 9. 5.

Harry/notice the grammar mistakes in his note. Example: the teacher/like Benny The teacher liked Benny. didn’t.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ Exercise 5. 2. Ms. The teacher didn’t get angry at Benny. 8. FOCUS 7 PAST TENSE: YES/NO QUESTIONS AND SHORT ANSWERS Yes/No Questions did subject I you he she we you they Short Answers affirmative I you he she we you they negative I you he she we you they base form of the verb Did visit London last year? Yes. 15. No. 14. 11. 4. 7. 13. The other students/like Benny The teacher/trust Benny The students/try to get Benny into trouble The student’s plan for Benny/succeed Lisa and Kate/lose their luggage Lisa’s camera/break Lisa and Kate/get stuck on the underground. 393 . 6. 5. 3. 12. 1. Lisa and Kate/enjoy their vacation in London. the teacher/get angry at Benny. Monique and Daniel/enjoy their vacation in London. did. did not.12 Make affirmative or negative statements about these people who appeared in this unit. 10. 9. Ditto/sign the note Harry/steal the VCR The Director/believe Harry Monique and Daniel/ spend an evening at a jazz club Monique and Daniel/visit Trafalgar Square.

(He went) to England. 1. (I made plans) last week. (It sank) because there was a storm. answers It sank. 7.13 past tense verb happened to Jerry’s ship? had a terrible vacation? Write Wh-questions using the given cues.14 Make questions that ask for the underlined information. Use who. 6. (I visited Alaska) ten years ago. whom. Ditto. 5. Example: 1.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA FOCUS 7 PAST TENSE: WH-QUESTIONS wh-word What When Where Why How How long How long ago Who(m) did subject I you he the ship she they you Lisa and Kate base form of verb do last summer? make plans go last summer? sink? get to Paris? stay in New York? visit Alaska? meet in New York? answers You went to Paris. Monique and Daniel. Jerry/eat on the island? What did Jerry eat on the island? Jerry/go on vacation Where ____________________________________________________________ Jerry/go on vacation When _____________________________________________________________ Jerry/leave home How long ago ______________________________________________________ Jerry’s ship/sink Why ______________________________________________________________ Jerry/do after the ship sank What _____________________________________________________________ Jerry/meet on the island Who(m) ___________________________________________________________ Jerry/build the boat How ______________________________________________________________ Jerry/put on the boat What _____________________________________________________________ Jerry/feel when he finished the boat How ______________________________________________________________ the story end How ______________________________________________________________ Exercise 5. or what. (They met) a nice woman. 3. 9. Example: Q: What did the students enjoy? A: The students enjoyed Ms. 8. Ditto’s classes. (They stayed there for) two weeks. 4. 394 . 10. Q: ______________________________________________________________? A: The students loved Ms. (She got there) by plane. did wh-word as subject What Who Exercise 5. 2.

I waked up early. ___________________________ Who did signed the note? ____________________ What did the Director? ___________________ What did happen to Harry? ______________________ Where Lisa and Kate went on vacation? ________________________________ Who did go with Lisa to London? ___________________________ How Jerry built a boat? ___________________ They no had dinner in a Greek restaurant. 8. 3. _________________ They don’t met the Lord Mayor last week. 8. __________________________ I saw him yesterday night. Q: ______________________________________________________________? A: The Director fired Harry. 1. 6. 3. 13. 4. This morning. ________________________________________ What Harry wanted? _________________ Harry didn’t noticed his mistakes. 12. __________________________________ Whom did trust the teacher in the Benny story? ______________________________________ The ship sank before a long time. 5. Ditto used a VCR in her classes. Q: ______________________________________________________________? A: The moral story was “crime doesn’t pay”. 5. 7. Q: ______________________________________________________________? A: Ms. 15. 6. ___________________________ 395 . 7. 2. 4. Q: ______________________________________________________________? A: Harry wanted to hurt Ms. Q: ______________________________________________________________? A: Professor Brown found the note. 9.15 Correct the mistakes in he following sentences. Q: ______________________________________________________________? A: Harry stole the VCR. 14. 10. Q: ______________________________________________________________? A: Harry got hurt in the end. 9. Exercise 5. _____________________ Harry didn’t felt sad. Ditto.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 2. 11. Q: ______________________________________________________________? A: The Director fired Harry.

Write each word in the correct column depending on its end sound.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Exercise 5. David Johnson is the gardener at Pine Cone College. at school: learn study listen remember print discuss answer name correct ask at work: walk fix work file deliver lock start point talk type cleaning the house: vacuum iron clean wash brush polish change bake dust scrub Group II: /d/ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ at the playground: play jump enjoy skate hop bounce trip climb skip kiss Group III: /id/ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ Group I: /t/ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ Exercise 5. Sunday 29 Monday 30 Tuesday 1 rake leaves Wednesday 2 mow grass Thursday 3 trim hedges Friday 4 fertilize trees Saturday 5 396 .17 Today is October 31. He has a busy schedule.16 Think of the following words in the past tense. The calendar shows what he did in the last month. Write a sentence about the calendar for each of the time expressions below.

(last night) 3. (yesterday) (last week) (two days ago) (on Monday) (yesterday morning) (last night) (the day before yesterday) (two weeks ago) (last Friday) (yesterday afternoon) Exercise 5. I went out for lunch. 8. 4. (the day before yesterday) 7. 6. (last year) 6. 7. (an hour ago) 8. 5. (yesterday afternoon) 2. (last week) 4. 3.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 6 7 thin trees 8 rake leaves 15 rake leaves 22 rake leaves 9 mow grass 16 mow grass 23 mow grass 30 rake leaves 10 repair sprinklers 17 trim hedges 24 plant flowers 11 spray for insects 18 12 13 14 repair equipment 19 20 21 25 repair sprinklers 1 26 27 28 check tools 29 morni 31 ng trim hedges afternoon mow grass night set-up president’s party 2 1. 2. 9. (last month) .18 __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ __________________________________________ Write a sentence telling what you did at each time given. 10. ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ 397 1. Example: (yesterday afternoon) Yesterday afternoon. (six months ago) 5.

" In 1975 when she enrolled for lessons at her local swimming pool it was a disaster. Other instructors at other schools had bullied her and so she'd become discouraged. After a few months. out of the blue. but the moment I floated free. they were very understanding. She was soon back in the water with renewed assurance. As the water reached her waist Helen felt herself starting to panic. near Helen's home. 17 . It was ridiculous. Helen tried again but her progress was slow and she soon gave in. however. Helen was deeply ashamed of the fact she couldn't swim. She hadn't had swimming lessons at school as there had been no facilities. Can you swim? If so. Helen went to a hypnotherapist who gave her subconscious suggestions to help her overcome her fears. 398 . now 19 and Laura. They were very patient and that was what she needed.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA READING DIGEST 6 SINK OR SWIM Exercise 6. Then. C or D) which you think fits best according to the text. when did you learn to swim? How? Do you think it is important to be able to swim? B. which is much more than a mile. with the teacher's help. The instructor did get her to do a few strokes but she remained absolutely terrified. Here she was a fully grown woman wearing armbands and a buoyancy aid around her waist and grasping a float. she had a panic attack and started shaking and shivering with fear. Helen shows the rest of us anything can be achieved if you want to do it badly enough. my stomach would tighten and I couldn't bear anybody near me. When one of the school's leaflets dropped through her letterbox one day last March. not again" so this time I didn't tell anybody. I'd panic. just when things were looking up and Helen was able to swim half a dozen lengths. And that was exactly how things would have stayed if it hadn't been for the Splash school of swimming in Leeds. and married with two children. she began to make progress. whenever I said I was starting lessons the whole family would say "Oh no. At Splash. As she'd got older.were young. One day. Determined not to let this defeat her after she'd come so far. Think of as many words as possible related to the theme "Swimming".Daniel. "In the past. her natural distrust of water turned into a phobia. she told herself. she suddenly lost her nerve again. For questions (1-7) choose the answer (A. B. But she was still terrified of water. At 43. The school taught Helen as part of a small group and the instructors stayed in the water with her. "I was okay as long as my feet were touching the bottom. Helen was able to take off the armbands and started going to another class at her local sports centre. And now Helen can swim 64 lengths of her local swimming pool. I just phoned up Splash and booked a course. To celebrate her success she hired the pool at her local sports centre for a birthday celebration. Helen was inspired to give swimming one more go. Soon she could swim a whole length of the swimming pool. thinking there was no point carrying on.1 A.2 You are going to read an article about learning to swim. When her two children . My heart began racing. Exercise 6." At first Helen was as scared as ever but gradually.

At the Splash school the instructors A. (inflatable floats) 399 . Not everyone can do everything. 2. Why hadn't Helen learnt to swim? A. She hadn't had the opportunity... VOCABULARY Exercise 6.. Why did Helen go to a hypnotherapist? A. She suddenly lost her courage.. She suddenly forgot how to swim. Which of these phrases best sums up the article? A. C. She had distrusted her instructor at school..LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 1.. didn't rush her. explained her fears to her. The school pool had been too deep. She was afraid of the teachers.. C. 7. Everyone is different. to help them stay afloat in the water. B. B. D. She nearly drowned.. D. C.. B. D. They criticised her.. She realised she would never be able to swim. 4. logical.. armbands bullied drowned inspired leaflet instructor subconscious achieved Children usually wear . She didn't get over her fears... bullied her.. D. Helen knew that her fear was A. They supported her. quite common. B.. Fear can be useful. C. C. She had always been terrified of water. B. B. What happened the first time Helen had lessons? A.. How did Helen's family react to her repeated efforts to learn to swim? A. D. They were patient with her.. unreasonable. B.3 Fill in the gaps with the correct word(s) from the list below: defeated float 1. 6. 5.. D. C. C. They made fun of her. 3. She wanted to forget her past fears. made her learn at the group's pace.. You should never give up. D. based on past experiences. She managed to swim a reasonable distance.

...............….......... her mother.. most people on board ......…..... He was taken .…. ...... began racing .…..…....….......…. my fears .. She takes . 8... When he became headmaster he took ......... The plane took ............. (taken control of) 8............. (fulfilled) Helen's striving for perfection has ........ After his retirement he took .. 7..................... a(n) .. (know) about relaxation techniques......... attack .......................... golf to keep fit..... by the older boys.... 9.............. something badly a(n) ...... (light object that doesn't sink) The dance ...................... for lessons a(n) ...... ashamed ....... (made it smaller) 4...... (was strongly surprised) 2......................... 11.. (encouraged) Exercise 6. 12.... (doubt) be one of the most 8) .. (looks like) 3.... and will 7) ....…...…. If you can overcome your anxiety and start to feel at home in the water learning to swim will come 6) ...... celebration . which many people have 3) .... 3... Once you are in the water you should try to relax which can be done with the help of your 4) ..........….. when he learnt the truth about her past... 10..... (difficult) doing...... (pamphlet) When the Titanic sank.................. 400 ...... (nature)............. 4.…................. 6. at 7.... (frighten) experience...... woman ....... others to do the same.......... 7........ wishes and desires.............................. and the older you are........ As John was very small....... (began to do sth as a hobby) Exercise 6........ a course .5 Fill in the correct particle(s).... showed the students how to do the steps............. with her dark curly hair and blue eyes... (harassed) "Swimming and Safety" is an information . (undertook) 7. (reward) experiences of your life. (not of the conscious mind) In swimming lessons people often have to swim holding onto a (n) .....6 Fill in the correct word derived from the words in brackets.....ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA 2... Madonna. 4.. ....…........ with fear .. (beat) By the age of 30 Jane had .00 am this morning. .... extra work................ by a big French conglomerate... (died from being unable to breathe underwater) Freud thought that dreams were . 2......... 5........................ The company was taken ........................ (instruct who will be 5) ..............................4 Fill in the appropriate word(s) from the list.... 8....... 5.... (teacher) The Chicago Bulls .... The first step is to actually get into the water without panicking... When she wore sunglasses she was often taken ........ to shake my heart out of panic to book birthday deeply to overcome fully grown to enrol to want to give 1.. the blue 1... Learning to swim can be a 1) .... that everyone should read. all her ambitions....... the more 2) ................ (courage) you need to be... The dress was too big for her so she took it ........... 9.... (was identified wrongly) 5............ the LA Lakers 56-48 in yesterday's basketball match................................. 6................................................. he was always ... Use each word only once...... 10....... it one more go Exercise 6. 3........... (left the airport) 6..... .....

............ to teach her how to swim.... children can practise 10) ..... let's go and cheer her up! (depression) Exercise 6........8 Fill in the blanks with the correct idiom from the list: out of the blue 1...................................................... His ........... I hardly ever see Mark................... and gently 4) .. for reference purposes..... so they can see underwater and 9) . them around in the water.. All important information was ....................... for the swimming team... 3............................................ around and it has been shown that these babies will usually become very good swimmers........ (become hysterical) Susan has got ............ he was ..... under the supervision of a 12) ...... enrolled.... who taught me at university was very knowledgeable. (unexpectedly) ‘If you make me angry............ a) trainer...... he drops by to see me ... Toddlers also enjoy using extra equipment like 8) ............... because it is easy for babies to learn to 2) ..........’ she threatened..7 Fill in the blanks with a suitable word.... first..... I was standing at the bus stop when a man came up ... The .. The boss ..................... five new employees last Monday.............. says that he is improving in all his subjects at school... subscribed........................ for the autumn semester......... She hired a professional ..... 2.............. Some babies enjoy 5) .. A new ....LIMBA ENGLEZĂ Exercise 6... I'll .. recruited.......... Mothers join their babies in the 3) ............ is easily learnt........ professor..... recorded.......... After finishing high school. b) registered. in evening classes to learn English..9 Fill in the words from the list: swimming pool diving goggles diving board lifeguard breast-stroke relax back-stroke splashing swim flippers float Children at a very young age are taught to 1) ..... the main difference being that one is floating on one's back...... She's trying to improve her Spanish so she has ........................ to a Spanish magazine.............. (bruised).................... He only ...... teacher................. 2. In addition.......... 4...... black and blue once in a blue moon the blues scream blue murder After the bicycle accident my arms and legs were . 4.................. 5................ 6....................... She ................ .. 5........................ At a later stage the 7) ....... coach 1.................... 2.. 3............ instructor.. Toddlers are taught the 6) . 3.............. (not very often)..... The school hired a new ... Exercise 6... in the water..... 401 .... 5............... into the pool from a 11) .. in the army..... was hired to school the race horses....... 4..... enlisted 1................ that provide extra speed.. and snatched my purse...... in which the arms are extended in front of the head and then pulled sideways.......................

ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA

Exercise 6.10 Fill in if or when and put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. John is coming to visit us .................... he .................... (finish) his homework. I'll pick you up at the station .................... I .................... (have) time. She doesn't know .................... Rick .................... (phone) her tomorrow. .................... you come home, .................... (you/help) me cook dinner? .................... Jane finishes her work early today, she .................... (meet) us at the pub.

GRAMMAR DIGEST 6 REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS, RECIPROCAL PRONOUN: EACH OTHER PHRASAL VERBS
FOCUS 1 OPENING TASK Exercise 6.1: Advice Columns Read the letters to “Dear Darcy” in Part A. Match each one to a “Letter of Advice” in Part B. Fill in the name of the person who wrote each letter in the blanks in part B. Part A Dear Darcy, My wife and I never go out anymore. We have a new baby, and my wife doesn’t want to get a baby sitter. I’m starting to talk to myself! Can Dear Darcy, you help me? I’m married and have two children. I’m trying Bored in Brighton to be a super-woman. I do all of the housework, shopping, and the cleaning. I help Dear Darcy, My mom and dad got divorced last month. They my children with their school work. I never have time for myself. I am tired and unhappy. fought with each other a lot, and finally, my dad moved out. Maybe I wasn’t a good daughter to Please help! them. Maybe the break-up was my fault. What Supermom in Sheffield do you think? Guilty in Granville Part B A. B. C. Dear _______________________________, Don’t blame yourself. You did not cause the problems. This is your parents’ problem. Dear _______________________________, You need to explain how you feel to her. Tell her you want to go out once a week. Life is short. Go out and enjoy yourselves! Dear _______________________________, You need to make time for yourself. Go out with your friends. Do yourself a favor and join a gym. Take care of yourself too. Buy yourself something special.

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Exercise 6.2 Read the last letter from Lonely in Limerick. Circle the correct pronouns in Darcy’s answer. Dear Darcy, I’m a rather shy and lonely high school student. I’m doing well in school, but I don’t have many friends. The girls in my class always call each other, but they never call me. I don’t go out. I don’t enjoy myself. I don’t even like myself very much anymore. Lonely in Limerick Dear Lonely in Limerick, Remember, the teenage years are difficult. At 16, many girls don’t like (they/them/themselves). You’re doing well in school. Be proud of (you/yourself). Try to like (you/yourself) first. Then others will like (you/yourself). Teenage girls need (each other/themselves). Force (you/yourself) to open up to other girls. Relax and try to enjoy (you/yourself). Darcy FOCUS 2 REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS Use a reflexive pronoun when the subject and object are the same. Example:
NOT:

Sara bought herself a new car. *Sara bought Sara a new car. reflexive pronouns myself yourself himself herself itself ourselves yourselves themselves

examples I bought myself a new car. Look at yourself in the mirror. He doesn’t take care of himself. She blames herself for the accident. A cat licks itself to keep clean. We enjoyed ourselves at the theatre. Help yourselves to some food. Babies can’t feed themselves. Exercise 6.3

Go back to the Opening Task. Underline all the reflexive pronouns and the subjects. Example: Exercise 6.4 Fill in each blank with a reflexive pronoun. Example: 1. I lost my wallet yesterday, and I wanted to kick myself. I never have time for myself.

Mary: Do you sometimes talk to ______________________? Bill: Well, sometimes, when I’m alone.
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ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA

2.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Monica: Thanks for such a lovely evening. We really enjoyed (a) ______________________. Gloria: Well, thanks for coming. And the children were just wonderful. They really behaved (b) ______________________ all evening. I hope you can come back soon. Jane: I can’t believe my bird flew out the window! It’s my fault. I forgot to close the birdcage. Margaret: Don’t blame ______________________. He’s probably happier now. He’s free. Cynthia: What’s the matter with Bobby’s leg? Enrique: He hurt ______________________ at the soccer game last night. Jason: My girlfriend Judy really knows how to take care of ______________________. She eats well, exercises regularly, and gets plenty of sleep. Sylvia: Hello, Carol, hello, Eugene. Come on in. Make (a) ______________________ at home. Help (b) ______________________ to some drinks. Mother: Be careful! That pot on the stove is very hot. Don’t burn ______________________.

FOCUS 3 VERBS COMMONLY USED WITH REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS BY + REFLEXIVE PRONOUN examples explanations These verbs are commonly used with reflexive pronouns: hurt cut I fell and hurt myself. tell burn He taught himself to play the guitar. blame enjoy Be careful! Don’t cut yourself with that knife. teach introduce Did you enjoy yourself at the party? behave take care of The verbs wash, dress, and shave do not usually He got up, washed, and shaved. take reflexive pronouns. In this sentence it is clear he washed and shaved himself and not another person. He’s only two, but he wants to get dressed by Use by + a reflexive pronoun to show that himself. someone is doing something alone (without I sometimes go to the movies by myself. company or help). FOCUS 4 RECIPROCAL PRONOUN: EACH OTHER The reciprocal pronoun each other is different in meaning form a relative pronoun. J: It’s my fault. J: It’s your fault. A: It’s my fault. A: It’s your fault. John and Ann blamed themselves for the John and Ann blamed each other for the accident. accident.

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Exercise 6.5 Choose a reflexive pronoun or each other to complete the statements. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.
An egotistical person loves himself/herself.

Divorced people can be friends if they forgive ______________________. Good friends protect ______________________. Close friends tell ______________________ their secrets. A self-confident person believes in ______________________. In a good relationship, the two people trust ______________________. A realistic person doesn’t lie to ______________________. Independent people take care of ______________________. Caring people help ______________________. Angry people say things to hurt ______________________. Young children can’t always control ______________________. An insecure person doesn’t have confidence in ______________________. Exercise 6.6 Circle the correct word in the “Dear Darcy” letters below. Example: (He, Him, Himself) cares about (I, me, myself).

Dear Darcy, (1) (I, My, Mine) boyfriend loves himself. (2) (He, His, Him) is very pleased with (3) (he, him, himself). He always looks at (4) (he, him, himself) in shop windows when he passes by. (5) (Himself, He, Him) only thinks about (6) (his, himself, him). He never brings (7) (me, my, myself) flowers. The last time he told (8) (my, me, myself) that he loved me was two years ago. He’s also very selfish with (9) (he, his, him) things. For example, he never lends me (10) (him, himself, his) car. He says that the car is (11) (himself, him, his), and he doesn’t want me to use it. Do (12) (yourself, your, you) have any advice for me? “Unhappy” Dear Unhappy, (13) (You, Your, Yourself) boyfriend is very selfish. (14) (You, Your, Yourself) can’t really change (15) (he, himself, him). Get rid of (16) (he, himself, him)! Find (17) (you, yourself, yours) a new guy! Darcy Exercise 6.7 Correct the mistakes in the following sentences. 1. I hurt me. 2. They’re looking at themselves in the mirror. 3. I shave myself every morning. 4. I have a friend in Poland. We write to ourselves every month. 5. We enjoyed at the circus. 6. Larry blamed Harry for the accident. Harry blamed Larry for the accident. They blamed themselves for the accident. 7. He did it hisself.

405

We have to get (11) _______________ ready. they are all amusing _______________. The first one has been done for you as an example.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Exercise 6. Paul: OK. This is a great costume party. I told you the guests would enjoy _______________. who’s Brad bringing? He couldn’t find a date. Great! They look frightening. If they do not. It won’t take us long to dress. While you’re doing that I’ll shave _______________. Will you help me with my costume? I can’t zip it up by (12) _______________. write the correct pronoun in the space. OK. Sometimes you and Brad go off by (7) _______________. I’ll spend time with the guests. Paul and Charlotte are having a Halloween party. How do you like my spider web decorations? I made them all by (4) _______________. I just cut (1) _______________ a little when I was carving the jack-o-lantern. by (3) _______________. Well. put an X in the space. Look at Cindy’s costume. I hope the guests arrive soon. Should I put the jack-o-lantern by the ghost decoration? No. we aren’t in our costumes yet. This is going to be a fun party. Everyone is dancing and laughing. Charlotte: She’s the bride of Frankenstein. they are putting on a party all by themselves. I’m sure they can introduce _______________. It will look more scary. I guess he’s coming by (6) _______________. Paul: See. make sure you pay attention to the other guests too. I hope the guests enjoy (5) _______________. By the way. Don’t worry. Oh.8 Write the correct reflexive pronoun in the spaces provided in the dialogue. They are a little nervous. Exercise 6. 406 . The story continues: Charlotte: I’m all dirty from making those spider webs. Do you think I should pour the drinks now or let the guests help (8) _______________? Just let them help (9) _______________. Charlotte: What if the guests arrive early? Paul: We can blame _______________ if they arrive early. It looks like Brad has even found _______________ a date. First I think I’ll shower X and after I dry _______________ you can help me with the zipper. I knew he wouldn’t have to be all by _______________. If they do. Charlotte: Paul: Charlotte: Paul: Charlotte: Paul: Charlotte: Paul: Charlotte: Paul: Charlotte: Paul: Charlotte: Are you OK? What happened? I’m fine. I don’t want us to have to eat all this food by (10) _______________. For the first time. They will be here soon. Paul: What is she? She looks like she killed _______________. I’m sure everyone will have fun. put it over there alone.9 Decide if the following spaces require a reflexive pronoun. Charlotte: You’re right. The first one has been done for you as an example. You should wash that cut and get (2) _______________ a bandage.

(grow = to increase in size) Children grow up. 10. In the second. Sit down and relax. 407 . phrasal verbs are more frequent than one-word verbs with the same meaning. Turn out the lights. 8. Please extinguish your cigarettes. In the first example. Take out my notes. 11. 5. Slow down. The meaning of ran into is not the combination of ran and into. Put on my glasses. (grow up = to become an adult) Exercise 6. 6. 2. 4.10 Circle all the phrasal verbs. Turn off the slide projector. Turn on the lights.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ FOCUS 5 PHRASAL VERBS examples Turn on the slide projector. explanations A phrasal verb is: a verb + a particle turn + on sit + down stand + up The verb + particle together have a specific meaning. 9. ladies and gentlemen. Stand up and introduce myself. a flight attendant is speaking to passengers on an airplane. I ran into Joe on the street the other day. Run into means “to meet someone b chance”. 3. Call up all my friends and tell them it’s over! FOCUS 6 PHRASAL VERBS examples I hung up the picture. In informal English. Please put out your cigarette. Sometimes it is difficult to guess the meaning of the phrasal verb. you are talking to a friend. Jake. explanations Sometimes the meaning of a phrasal verb is clear from the verb + particle combination. 1. Ask for questions. Take a deep breath and calm down. 12. Turn on the slide projector and show the slides. 7. Don’t talk too fast. Plants grow.

(1) _____________________ all the trash from the floor. Please turn u the heat. (3) _____________________ all the cassettes students used. When the direct object is a pronoun. NOT: *The teacher handed out it. I’m not ready yet. the firefighters will be here soon to put out the fire. First.12 Fill in the blanks with the phrasal verbs below. Then (2) _____________________ all the equipment – tape recorders. there are several things you must do. can you please hand out this exercise? 5 I left my book at school. (4) _____________________ any coffee cups or trash students left in the room.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Exercise 6. Exercise 6. (5) _____________________ the alarm system before you lock the doors. 9 Please take off your wet shoes. 7 I can’t concentrate! Would you please turn down the music! 8 I am freezing in this house.11 Circle the phrasal verbs. 10 Hold on a minute. • between the verb (handed) and the particle (out) The teacher handed it out. FOCUS 7 SEPARABLE AND INSEPARABLE PHRASAL VERBS Separable Phrasal Verbs examples explanations When the direct object is a noun. 3 Fill out the application. • after the particle (out) Verb Direct object Particle The teacher handed the exercise Out. Sentences with phrasal verbs 1 I called 911 Emergency. VCRs. 6 I can’t talk now. it can go: Verb Particle The teacher handed out the exercise. Henry. Then match each phrasal verb with a one-word verb. it always goes between the verb and the particle. I’ll call up Manny and ask him. etc. 2 Don’t just stand at the door. put away turn on pick up throw away turn off One-word verb with same meaning raise remove telephone extinguish distribute complete wait lower enter return DIRECTIONS FOR LANGUAGE LAB ASSISTANTS When you leave the language lab. I don’t remember the homework for tonight. Finally. Come back in fifteen minutes. 4 We’re going to practice some phrasal verbs. Come in. 408 .

3.” (c) “Come on.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ Inseparable Phrasal Verbs examples I ran into an old friend on the street.” (c) “Come on.” (b) “I said.” (b) “I said. _______________________________________________________.” (c) “Come on. 409 . NOT: *I ran an old friend into on the street. ____________________________________________________?” (a) “Turn off the lights!” (b) “I said. 8. _______________________________________________________. take them off!” (a) “Hand out these uniforms. 1. _______________________________________________________.” (b) “I said.” (c) “Come on. ____________________________________________________?” explanations The direct object – noun or pronoun – goes after the particle. ____________________________________________________?” (a) “Throw out that junk food from home.” (c) “Come on. 6. _______________________________________________________. _______________________________________________________. 2. 7.” (b) “I said. Exercise 6. (a) “Take off your civilian clothes.” (b) “I said. _______________________________________________________. ____________________________________________________?” (a) “Clean up this mess.” (c) “Come on. _______________________________________________________. 4. Repeat Sergeant’s orders in a different way each time. ____________________________________________________?” (a) “Turn down that radio. I ran into her on the street. 5. ____________________________________________________?” (a) “Put away your old clothes.” (c) “Come on.” (b) “I said.13 Sergeant Smith is giving orders to his new soldiers. NOT: *I ran her into on the street.” (c) “Come on. take your civilian clothes off.” (b) “I said. ____________________________________________________?” (a) “Put on your new Army clothes.

I picked my pen up and started to write. I always turn on the radio in the morning. Fill out the application for a new license.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA FOCUS 8 COMMON SEPARABLE AND INSEPARABLE PHRASAL VERBS Separable Phrasal Verbs separable phrasal verbs calm down call up cheer up clean up figure out fill out fill up hand out hang up look up pick up put away put on put out take off take out throw out/ away turn down turn off turn on turn up wake up meaning relax telephone become happy. understand complete fill distribute place on a hanger or a hook search for in a reference book collect. It’s 2:00 in the morning. Please hang up the phone. I need to throw them out. to interrupt someone’s sleep examples She is very upset about the accident. Turn that stereo down! There aren’t any good programs on TV tonight. Will you please take the garbage out? I have a lot of old things in the garage. I called my friend up the other night to ask about the homework. It took firefighters a few hours to put the fire out. so put a coat on. Fill it up with regular gas. In my neighborhood. they pick up the garbage every Tuesday. so I looked it up in the phone book. Turn it off. My kids are neat! They always put their toys away. so I brought her flowers to cheer her up. make someone happy clean solve. When I hear my favorite song. It’s really cold outside. 410 . Take your shoes off before you come into the house. I can’t figure it out. Be quiet! Don’t wake the baby up. fit put in its usual place dress yourself extinguish remove put something outside put in the garbage lower the volume stop the power start the power increase the volume to open your eyes. I turn the volume up. We can’t calm her down. My friend failed her final exam. Clean you room up before you watch TV! This puzzle is very confusing. please. The teacher handed the tests out to the class. to finish sleeping. I didn’t know his telephone number. My husband never hangs his clothes up.

Susie: Danny: 3. No one can (b) _____________________. he finally showed up. I’m (b) _____________________ right now. Danny: Mom. Wagner: Lee: 5. phrasal verbs without objects meaning examples break down stop working My car broke down last night. come in enter Come in and make yourself comfortable. so I often eat out. Mom: Bobbie: cheer up hand out throw out fill out examples I got in my car and drove away. taxi. Jackie: Mark: 4. I’ll (b) _____________________ right now. stand up stand In some countries. I think it’s time to (a) _____________________ all these old newspapers. Please try to (a) _____________________ your sister. Can I (b) _____________________ at home? Danny.14 Fill in the blanks with the phrasal verbs below. I got off the bus in front of the school. plane. Ms. so I think I’ll sit down for a while. come back return He left home and never came back. show up appear After two hours. Example: (clean up) Mother: Danny. My bag fell when I got out of the cab. Exercise 6. I got on the train at 42nd Street. 411 . Counselor: Andy: 2. She’s in a bad mood. get out of * truck) get on enter and leave other forms of get off transportation (bus. She’s always in a bad mood. Could you please (a) _____________________ that paper on the floor for me? I’ll (b) _____________________ in a minute! Can you help me (a) _____________________ these exams.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ Inseparable Phrasal Verbs inseparable phrasal verbs meaning get in enter and leave a vehicle (car. I ran into an old friend the other day. train) go over review run into meet by chance *Sometimes phrasal verbs have three parts. students stand up when the teacher enters the room. Lee? Sure. I (b) cleaned it up this morning. FOCUS 9 COMMON PHRASAL VERBS WITHOUT OBJECTS Some phrasal verbs do not take an object. eat out eat in a restaurant I hate to cook. sit down sit I feel tired. pick up 1. You need to (a) _____________________ this application for college. I went over my notes before the test. don’t forget to (a) clean up the mess in your bedroom. Use a pronoun in the second blank of each dialogue. grow up become an adult I grew up in the United States.

16 Fill in each blank with a phrasal verb from the box below. He was angry and upset but after a while he (2) _____________________. 2. folks. I’m sorry.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Exercise 6. he wasn’t able to (6) _____________________ the problem. “Did I (7) _____________________ my tank with gas?” Near the car there was a house. I’m sure she’ll _____________________ home very soon.” you are a car salesperson and you are trying to get people into your showroom: “Please _____________________. There was no telephone. You’re not a child anymore. 7. The doctor will be with you in a few minutes. Matt _____________________. He asked himself. 6. just as he turned around to go back to his car. sit down come in break down come back eat out grow up 8. fill up calm down look up break down turn on figure out get out of wake up take out It was a cold and rainy night. the people in the house (8) _____________________ and (9) _____________________ the lights.” a teenager is sitting and an elderly man is standing on the bus: “_____________________ and give that man your seat. Then he took out his car manual.” your friend’s child runs away from home: “Don’t worry. my car _____________________. Suddenly. Next he (5) _____________________ the car and looked under the hood. Brody. There were no other houses. Then Phil began to understand. He tried to (4) _____________________ What to do when your car breaks down in the middle of nowhere. What do you say when…? you are very late for an important date: “Oh. 3. 5.” your thirty-year-old friend is acting like a child: “Come on. Then. but you’re too tired to cook: “Let’s _____________________. It was dark so Phil (3) _____________________ a flashlight. Please forgive. We have many new models this year.” Exercise 6. but he didn’t find anything in the manual. Forgetful Phil was on his way to visit his mother when his car suddenly (1) _____________________. he did! That’s why I’m crying!” you are a receptionist in a very busy doctor’s office and a patient is complaining about waiting so long: “Please _____________________.” your friend is crying about her date last night: Tammy: “What happened. another car crashed into the back of his car. 4.15 Fill in the blanks with a phrasal verb from the box. Mr. Phil sat down on the ground and began to cry! 412 . Cheryl? Don’t tell me your date didn’t _____________________ last night?” Cheryl: “Oh.” you and your roommate are hungry. stand up show up 1. Elliot. He knocked on the door and shouted but nobody answered. “What now?” Phil thought.

The forestry industry has acted more quickly than European governments. There is an example at the beginning (0). Europe should pay more attention to its own environmental problems. F. E Forestry experts have called on the European Union to use its powers in order to protect the continent's woodlands. This follows the publication of a recent report showing that one quarter of Europe's trees showed signs of severe damage. and has less protected woodland than any other region in the world. senior forestry officer at the World Wildlife Fund for Nature (WWF). G. 0 More research is needed to find out the reasons for tree damage. D. There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use. Responding to the report. a European spokesman said it was too early to be certain about what was causing the widespread damage.2 You are going to read a newspaper article about environmental damage to Europe's forests. Threatened trees need European protection. Twenty-six per cent of Europe's trees had lost significant numbers of leaves. E. Environmental damage is threatening certain European industries. 2 The report also put forward factors such as air pollution and climate change as causes of this environmental problem.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ READING DIGEST 7 EUROPE’S TREES IN DANGER Exercise 7. The European Commission has now begun a more detailed 20-year study which will hopefully produce clearer answers. however. The experts are asking for wide-ranging action as it now seems clear that Europe's forests are reaching crisis point. 1 The study examined trees across the whole of Europe and found that they were being damaged throughout the continent. it has been ignoring the crisis in its own backyard. Europe's trees have been harmed in a variety of ways. while more than ten per cent showed signs of discoloration.1 Why are trees important? In what way are forests damaged? What can be done to prevent damage being done to the environment? Exercise 7. A. The situation in Europe may soon get better. Choose from the list (A-H) the sentence which best summarises each part (1-6) of the article." 413 . Planting more trees is only part of the solution. 3 Francis O'Sullivan. H. C. B. pointed out: "While Europe is quick to condemn tropical countries over their forestry policies. Europe now has fewer forests than any other continent except Antarctica.

.. (found unacceptable) Educational ........... 9. 4... tourist and timber industries....... (suggest) To avoid .. says that the forestry industry has made substantial progress in organising a programme of forest management............ positively to the demand for new anti pollution laws................ as well as threatening the ecological balance in Europe".. experience............ Jane is always ready to .. be about to improve as the European Parliament is to begin investigating forest protection and may ask for new safeguards to protect the health of Europe's trees... for students.................... 3....... (area) To be a successful manager you need to have ............. ....... (specialists) My holiday had to be cancelled because of work .. 2. (spoiling the colour) The President said that he ... Most governments are expected to get poor reports.... “If this is allowed to continue.......................... Fill in the gaps with the correct word(s) from the list below: condemned reductions backyard 1....3 A.............. Dudley believes that there is a need for further European action on commitments made at the Rio Earth Summit in 1992............. 10.... (obligations) There are special ticket ................. 7... the practices of military regimes.. on the hill is home to numerous birds and animals...... however......... (discounts) The government .... The situation in Europe may.............. 6 Next month the WWF will be reporting on how well governments around the world have kept their Rio summit promises......... good ideas.......ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA 4 "Less than one per cent of our ancient forests remain.. 5 Nigel Dudley..... (varied) The ..... but in his opinion European governments have not been acting quickly enough..... (answered) 414 ...... wash light and dark coloured clothes separately................... commitments discoloration woodland put wide-ranging experts forward responded The residents were opposed to the construction of a nuclear power station in their ...... Look at the following words in italics in the text and try to explain them: continent timber factors ecological widespread balance forestry substantial ignoring safeguards B....... (tree covered area) When asked............... 8....... a specialist forestry adviser...... are trying to improve the standards in schools....." he added.... 5......... the damage to our forest systems will result in a reduction in water quality and will cause a crisis in the fishing. 6...... VOCABULARY Exercise 7.

.........…......... 7) .. edition B.... These areas are home to large numbers of animals and.......6 Fill in the appropriate word(s) from the list.........…....... ............. A.. issue C........................ officer 6.................... of Africa need to be protected from destruction.…. places D. tip B. amount C...................... 6...….. (alarm) effects........ 3) ... progress 8............ . (reduce) in environmental damage.................... wreck B..... study 4.. sites To improve the ....... states C........ .......... (hope) continue to do so in the future...... to produce there is a need tropical ecological to reach substantial detailed severe forestry 1.......... (survive)......................4 A. quantity D....... cover D... 4....... recycling to achieve a 8) .. clearer answers 5.. Numbers are slowly beginning to increase and will 10) ........... ..….. Exercise 7.. support Greenpeace is going to release a(n) ...... A........... Why is wildlife under threat according to the text above? List all the reasons................5 Choose the correct item.. B........ damage 2..... to Europe's trees... A.... 5..... 3.. (conserve) are very concerned about the ever-growing number of 2) .... of course............ balance 7.. as the land is vital to their 5) ...... report The tropical ............ countries 415 ......…..... (danger) species in the world.......... Use the word(s) only once... ruin C................... this is having 6) . .....LIMBA ENGLEZĂ Exercise 7.. .... damage D............ regions B..... endangered species........ for action 9...... . use a water-purification tablet........... fire and acid rain are resulting in the 4) ..... a (n) ..... (destroy) of vast areas of woodland and forest....... of the water......... A....... summit D.. protect B..... Safari parks have also been established in an attempt to give 9) ........ Zoologists work hard to ...... shelter C........... A.............. (environment) problems such as freak weather conditions......... meeting in London..... quality Acid rain has caused a lot of ........ (protect) to animals from big-game hunters..... standard B.. disaster Five world leaders are due to attend the ....... top C........ World's Wildlife in Danger 1) ........ (ecology) advocate the use of ozone-friendly products and.. 1. peak Exercise 7........ Fill in the correct word derived from the words in brackets.... . on water pollution........... 2..... publicity D..... A......... crisis point 3......

when they spotted a house being burgled.......... work... of the island’s economy.. keep it up! (has evidence of) Deaf people communicate by using .. 2. 6... Can you drive very / any faster....... It's a bit / too warmer today than yesterday.... 6. 3..... 2.. The spectators were more / most pleased with their team's win....... The shop assistant was even / most helpful.... 416 ..................... His parents were not much / very happy when he decided to join the army...... 1..................... 4.........8 Underline the correct item... 10.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Exercise 7........... (hand movements and gestures) The fishing industry is the ..... 11.. He was much / very annoyed when I crashed his car.. The journey was far / most longer than we had expected......... 7. 5. ....... (physically exhausting) The policemen called for ............ please? I'm in a hurry............................ 14..........7 Fill in the appropriate idiom from the list below: backup backbreaking backbone sign of the times shows signs of sign language The ever increasing crime rate is a ...... 4.... (reinforcements) Your work ... (most essential element) Exercise 7..... The manager was very / too pleased with the sales figures... They'll give us farther / further details as soon as they receive them... 13............... improvement... The police officer suddenly began to look much / very more serious....... 5............... 12. MAY AND MIGHT QUESTIONS WITH HOW FOCUS 1 TALKING ABOUT FUTURE TIME Use will and be going to to make predictions about the future or to say what you think will happen in the future... My boss wants me to work even / very harder........ (typical characteristic of the present) Picking strawberries in the summer heat can be ....... 1.......... GRAMMAR DIGEST 7 FUTURE TIME: WILL AND BE GOING TO..... The wind is much / too strong for sailing today...... 9. Pam drove very / much quickly down the lane.......... We need further / farther information on the project... 8.. 3..

will. (They’ll be on the plane) for five hours. (They’ll travel) by plane. NOT: It will rain. She It ‘ll arrive next week. Look at those big black clouds. Teacher to student: Your parents will be Will is more formal. very upset about this. 417 . won’t be Men will not be able to have babies. it we you they examples One day. won’t short answers you I he she Yes.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ explanations Use will for a prediction (what we think will happen). happen). (They will go) to Thailand. Father to daughter: your mother’s going to Be going to is less formal. We You They There will be peace in the world. you I he she it we you they won’t. It is going to Use be going to for a prediction based on the present situation (what we can see is going to rain. be very angry about this. he will be rich. wh-questions When will the scientists discover a cure? Where will the couple go on their honeymoon? What will the homeless man do with the money? How will the couple travel? How long will they be on the plane? Who will get an Olympic medal? Who(m) will the lifeguard save? answers (They will discover a cure) in ten years. She It won’t arrive next week. (He’ll save) a lucky person. No. yes/no questions I you he she Will arrive next week? it we you they negative statements I You He will not arrive next week. ‘ll be Men will be able to have babies. He’ll buy a new house. The athlete (will). FOCUS 2 WILL affirmative statements I You He will arrive next week. We You They There will not be any wars.

1. are. 8.1 How will or lives be different in fifty years? Make predictions with will or won’t.’ There _______________ be few fish in the oceans. am. wife. 14. 6. Science _______________ continue to be vary important. All countries _______________ share the world’s money equally. Men and women _______________ continue to marry. Crime _______________ stop. 13. People _______________ speak the same language. is. People of different races _______________ learn to live together peacefully. 3. People _______________ drive electric cars.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Exercise 7. 2. 5. going to leave. isn’t. is She ‘s It We are You ‘re They yes/no questions Am I Are you he she Is going to leave? it we Are you they negative statements I am not ‘m not You are not aren’t He is not She isn’t It We are not You aren’t They are. No. short answers you I he she Yes. FOCUS 3 BE GOING TO affirmative statements I am ‘m You are ‘re He going to leave. it we you they you I’m he she it we you they aren’t. 7. Pollution _______________ be under control. not. A woman _______________ be President of Romania. 418 . People _______________ take vacations on the moon. People _______________ live to be 130 years old. We _______________ discover life on other planets. 9. 10. 4. and two children _______________ disappear. 11. 15. The traditional family with a husband. 12. 16. Most people _______________ move back to the countryside. The climate _______________ change. aren’t.

I’m going to go by car. Richard: My doctor says I need to leave my job and get away somewhere. go to Colorado.3 Read the answers. Robert: (5) _________________________________________________________ Richard: By plane. I know she ________________ get sick. go skiing. It ________________ be fun at all. What ________________ eat for dinner? Helen: We ________________ have roast beef. This ________________ be a boring party. Robert: (4) _________________________________________________________ Richard: For about a month. Robert: (2) _________________________________________________________ Richard: I don’t know (what I’m going to do there). It’s going to be fun. I ________________ to eat the meat if it is too rare. Your uncle ________________ want to show his vacation slides. visit my cousin. stay for one week. The slides ________________ put me asleep. My friend (is going to drive). Then we ________________ listen to him talk about everything in detail. Are you going to get ready for the party? I don’t want to. Exercise 7.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ wh-questions When Where What are you going to How How long Who(m) Who’s going to answers leave? go? do there? get there? stay? visit? drive? leave in two weeks. Robert: (1) Where are you going to go? Richard: To Spain. Exercise 7. Your aunt ________________ eat it and then she ________________ to feel well.2 Complete the dialogue with the correct form of be going to. Remember: Going to is often pronounced “gonna” when in speech. Robert: (6) _________________________________________________________ Richard: I don’t know (if I’m going to come back to my job). It ________________ be boring. Paul: It ________________ be undercooked. Helen: Paul: Helen: Paul: 419 . Write a yes/no or wh-question with be going to.] Robert: (3) _________________________________________________________ Richard: (I’m going to stay) with some old friends. The first one has been done for you as an example.

Put a comma (. 2015.) I won’t be there until Monday. I will not be there after 3. I will leave. Example: 1. Make statements about yourself. (Before Monday.) Exercise 7. ______________________________________________ This evening. Until shows the specific time in the future when the action will change. I’ll be there. at 4:00. I’m going to call my parents. 5.4 in explanations We also use prepositions of time to talk about future time. examples fifteen minutes. ____________________________________________________ This weekend. Willie will be on a tropical island. Use be going to. In a few days. 6. 2. 7. (At 3. 4. After Monday. We are going to go to Spain for three weeks. March. May 21st. two weeks. I won’t be there. ________________________________________________ 420 .) after the time expression when it is at the beginning of the sentence.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA FOCUS 4 TIME EXPRESSIONS examples I’m going to visit you tomorrow evening. ______________________________________________________ At 9:00. 3. I’ll see you on Tuesday. ______________________________________________________ Next summer.00. A month from now. 8. _______________________________________________________ On Wednesday night.00. In a few days. _______________________________________________________ Tomorrow night. 9. midnight. ______________________________________________________ The day after tomorrow. For shows how long the action will last. ___________________________________________________________ In December. Future Time Expressions (later) this morning afternoon evening next week month year Sunday weekend tomorrow morning afternoon evening soon later the day after tomorrow a week from today tonight explanations Future time expressions can come at the beginning or at the end of the sentence. I’ll be there until 3:00.

LIMBA ENGLEZĂ

Exercise 7.5 Anthony and Sally are planning a vacation in Europe. They are going to visit four countries in seven days. Sally is telling Anthony about their travel plans. Fill in the blanks with in, on, at, for, or until. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. We are going to arrive in Madrid (a) at 6:00 p.m. (b) on Sunday. We’ll stay in Madrid _____________ two days. Then, we fly to Paris _____________ Tuesday morning. We’ll stay in Paris _____________ Wednesday afternoon. The, we’ll fly to Rome _____________ the evening. We won’t leave Rome _____________ Friday morning. _____________ 10:00 a.m. on Friday morning, we’ll fly to our final destination, Athens, Greece. We’ll stay in Greece _____________ two days. We’ll return home _____________ Sunday. Then, we’ll need a vacation! Exercise 7.6 Look at Wanda’s calendar. Imagine it is now 2 p.m. on Wednesday, April 10, 1996. Read the sentences about Wanda’s plans and fill in the blanks with a time expression or a preposition of time. There may be more than one correct answer. Sunday APRIL 7 8 9 10 Last client 6:00 pm 17 11 polish crystal ball 18 secretary goes on vacation 25 12 deposit money in bank 19 Fortune Teller’s conference 26 13 Monday 1 Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday 2 3 4 Saturday 5 6

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16 buy new fortune cards 23

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Still to do: -- May 6th: place ad in newspaper -- First edition of “How to make Predictions” magazine arrives on June 10th -- Retire 2015! -- Write autobiography 2020 1. 2. Wanda is going to see her last client at 6:00 this evening, in four hours. She’s going to attend the Fortune-tellers’ Conference ______________________.
421

ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

She’s going to polish her crystal ball ___________________________________. She’s going to deposit all her money in the bank __________________________. Her secretary is going to go on vacation _________________________________. She’s going to buy new fortune cards ___________________________________. She’s going to put an advertisement about herself in the newspaper ____________. She will receive her first How To Make Predictions magazine _______________. She will retire to a tropical island ______________________________________. She will write a book called How to Be a Successful Fortune-teller in 10 Easy Lessons __________________________________________________________.

FOCUS 5 TALKING ABOUT FUTURE INTENTIONS OR PLANS
examples A: The phone is ringing. B: OK. I’ll get it. Mother: Where are you going? Daughter: I’m going to take a drive with Richard tonight. Remember, Mom? You said it was okay… Mother: I did? Exercise 7.7 Complete the dialogue with the correct form of will or be going to. Aunt Polly: Tom: Aunt Polly: Tom: Aunt Polly: Ben: Tom: Ben: Tom: Ben: Tom: Ben: Tom: Ben: Tom: Tom Sawyer, you (1) ________________ paint the fence; that is already decided. But, Aunt Polly, I don’t want to paint the fence. I (2) ________________ stand for this Tom. You (3) ________________ cause my death yet. You (4) ________________ do some work. But, all the other boys (5) ________________ go swimming. Well, you (6) ________________ do some painting. Why are you carrying that bucket and brush, Tom? What (7) ________________ to do? I (8) ________________ paint the fence. Why (9) ________________ to do that? I (10) ________________ go swimming. You (11) ________________ have any fun. Because I like to. I (12) ________________ to have fun. Hey, that looks like fun, let me try doing it. No, Aunt Polly (13) ________________ like that. Besides I’m having fun. Please, Tom, let me do it? Ok, but what (14) ________________ give me? How about this apple? Ok. explanations Use will when you decide to do something at the time of speaking. Use going to when you made a plan to do something before the time of speaking.

422

LIMBA ENGLEZĂ

FOCUS 6 MAY AND MIGHT Use may or might to say something is possible in the future. examples I will go to Mexico next year. I may/might go to Mexico next year. affirmative statements I You He study abroad next year. She may We might be able to stay abroad for You two years. They It rain later. There be cheap flight to Madrid.
NOTE:

explanations Shows certainty. The speaker is 100% sure. Shows possibility. negative statements I You He She may not We might not You They It There

take a vacation. be able to stay for two years. rain later. be any discounts on flights.

• •

You cannot use may or might in yes/no questions. There are not contractions for may or might. Exercise 7.8

Either may or might is possible in the blanks. Fill in the blanks with may or might in the affirmative or negative. Example: 1. 2. Joanne: Paula: Tamara: Susan: Eugene: Carol: Priscilla: Arnaldo: Peter: How are you going to go to Boston next weekend? Al: I may drive or I may take the train. I won’t fly because it’s expensive. Is Ilene going to come to your New Year’s Eve party? She (a) ________________ be able to come. She went out of town on business and she (b) ________________ be back in time for the party. Where are you and Chip going to go on vacation this summer? Chip (a) ________________ start a new job in July, so we (b) ________________ be able to go on vacation. We (c) ________________ stay home and go tot the beach. What’s Jason going to major in at the university? Well, he really loves the ocean, so he (a) ________________ major in marine biology, or he (b) ________________ major in environmental science. Will you go back to your country after you finish college here? I don’t know. I (a) ________________ want to go back o visit my family, but I (b) ________________ want to go back to live there. There (c) ________________ be more job opportunities for me here in the United States.

3. 4.

423

People/want to go back to a time before computers The number of computers in the world/increase We/all have pocket computers The Internet/connect people in every home all over the world Students in classrooms all around the world/be able to “talk” to each other People/learn languages easily with computers People/prefer to communicate by computer Books/disappear People who cannot use computers/be able to find jobs. explanations An adjective (old. 5. tall) or an adverb (well. __________________________________________________________________ Grace’ll open her garage in town. Example: 1. 7. 3. Example: Will Ross own oil wells? Yes. may. Computers/take away our privacy.10 Write the questions for each of the answers using the underlined words as cues. be going to. 2. FOCUS 7 QUESTIONS WITH HOW examples How old are you? How well do you speak English? How far is it from here to the park? It’s about five blocks. 3. 4. __________________________________________________________________ No.9 What is our future in the computer age? Make statements with affirmative or negative forms of will. or might. 2. 6. __________________________________________________________________ It’ll take Con one year to build his new house. __________________________________________________________________ Brian will go to medical school in Brighton. 4. __________________________________________________________________ Cull’ll buy a tractor because it will help him on the farm. 7. Computers/always be part of our lives Computers will always be part of our lives. __________________________________________________________________ Dan will play football in Manchester.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Exercise 7. Ross’ll own oil wells. 5. __________________________________________________________________ Alberta will win the Nobel Prize for science in 2012. far) is often used in a how question. 6. 8. 9. Clara will not become rich and famous. __________________________________________________________________ The Beatles will discover Alice. 8. How far asks about distance. Exercise 7. 424 . 10. 1.

11. 4. 12. What materials can be recycled? 4. 9. 5. 7. How old are you? How _________________________ How _________________________ How _________________________ How _________________________ How _________________________ How _________________________ How _________________________ How _________________________ 10. Exercise 7. 13. Club Member Name Cynthia Schuemann Age __________ Swimming ability __________ Kayaking ability __________ Number of years kayaking __________ How often kayaking planned __________ Distance to kayak __________ Distance to kayak club from home __________ Length of Membership: __________ 6 months __________ 1 year Method of payment: __________ check __________cash __________ credit card Related Family Member Name Maria Schuemann Age __________ Swimming ability __________ Kayaking ability __________ Number of years kayaking __________ How often kayaking planned __________ Distance to kayak __________ 1.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ How long does it take to fly form New York to Beijing? It takes about twenty-four hours. Look at the information card Steve has to fill out. Why is it so important to protect the environment? 2. 8. 6. but first Cynthia has to answer a few questions. What will happen if forests continue to be damaged? 3. The first one has been done for you as an example. Cynthia and her daughter Maria want to join the kayak club. How old ______________________ How _________________________ How _________________________ How _________________________ How _________________________ How _________________________ TUTOR-ASSESSED TASK WRITING Answer the following questions in writing: 1. How long does it take you to prepare dinner? It takes me an hour. What measures should the government take to reduce pollution? 425 . How can individuals cut down on household waste? 5. 15. 14.11 Steve is the owner of Water Trails Kayak Club. How long does it take asks about time. 3. Write the questions he asks. 2.

3. (A) beauty (B) beautifully (C) beautifuly (D) beautiful Do they _____________ play the guitar? (A) can (B) cannot (C) know how to (C) can’t My friend. (A) canot (B) no can (C) can’t (D) can Many of my friends play music _____________. 10. 8. he _____________. 7. (A) Now (B) Tonight (C) At this moment (D) Every weekend Simon _____________ to play Spanish guitar music. plays _____________. 5. (A) is working (B) will work (C) works (D) working 9. (A) Does he enjoy…is (B) Is he enjoying…is (C) Are we enjoying…are (D) very well…late 426 . 4.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA GRAMMAR Choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. _____________ his job? Yes. (A) ‘s not playing (B) is playing (C) are not playing (D) plays 13. 1. but I _____________ play a musical instrument. (A) is practicing…practices (B) practices…is practicing (C) practice…is practicing (D) practices…practicing Where _____________? (A) does he practicing (C) does he (B) he practices (D) is he practicing 2. Right now he is playing guitar at the bar on the weekends. 12. (A) is preferring (B) prefer (C) prefers (D) is prefers Now he _____________ on some new songs. (A) right now (B) at this moment (C) nowadays (D) usually _____________ he lays in an elegant bar. but he _____________ guitar at the bar during the week. Simon. (A) professional guitar (B) professionally guitar (C) guitar professional (D) guitar professionally He _____________ every day. 11. He _____________ practices at his mother’s house. he _____________ right now. In fact. 6. _____________ a musical instrument? (A) Can you playing (B) Can you play (C) You can play (D) You play I can sing.

427 . A B C D You will send these tasks to your tutor for assessment. 16. (A) very good…lately (B) well very…late (C) very good…late (D) very well…late That’s great. A B C D We always stay in shallow water and we always are watching little children very carefully. 24. 22. A B C D At first. A B C D He can put the pieces together. 23. A B C D Every morning. A B C D Where is she taking lessons? At the pool. (A) and make (B) but can make (C) but can’t make (D) and cannot make 15. A B C D She knows how to breathe. 17. Identify the one word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be grammatically correct. She timidly puts her toe into the water. 19. 27. and he can’t paint the model by himself. A B C D She can no swim perfectly. A B C D She can goes to the beach. 20. but please watch her carefully. Now she is learning how to breathe when she is swimming. but this week she are bravely learning how to swim. but he must work _____________. We’re going to the beach. she is going there every day. She needs someone near her when she is swimming. 25. this week he is building a new model. His boss pays him _____________. Can Ellen come? Does she can swim? A B C D Ellen is afraid of water. she splashes happily. she is hating the water. 18. He needs help. she walks to the pool. but she is learning quickly. but once she jumps in. 21. He can enjoy his work _____________ a lot of money. 26. A B C D Can your brother makes model airplanes? Yes.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 14. A B C D She cannot swim good.

. D. fresh flowers. (b) She. 1.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA ANSWER KEY READING DIGEST 1 Exercise 1. 2. A. 1. out of. a). (9) . pleasure. classical music. 428 . 4. The parents send birth announcements to their friends and family. 5. 2. e. beautiful pictures. 4.. 4.. 2.1 1. 2. 7. birthdays. of. (a) She.. excitement. 5. B. 15. about. B. write them once a week.. 18. like him.. 9. 8. Exercise 1. 3. 13.2 1. 1. Mozart. 2. a doll collection. 2. (11) . by. 7. 1. 8. 6. b). with. buy her a diamund ring. (d) They. 4. 11.4 A.. GRAMMAR DIGEST 1 Exercise 1... cause. with. 2. 4.5 2. (f) us. bitterness. D. 16. C. a new house. 5. Friends and family buy the baby gifts. d). 3. 3.. leave him. 3. Exercise 1. c). A. bring. 8. in. (a) I. tell her the truth. Because some people are more sensitive/more emotional themselves/more observant. painful.. Grandmothers make sweaters for the new baby. C. (10) . 5. to. (f) him. read to them every night. D. 7. with him. 4. delight. 2. 4. (c) it. 10.. D. f) gets round to 1.. b) and d) 2. c). C. 2. 6.. enjoyable. A. (6) . sell tham good cars. 7. Exercise 1. 6. 19. 3. (e) them. down. 10. (3) . 10. 5.. C. The parents give the child everything. happiness. flowers. humorous. Exercise 1. 9. make. 6. 5. d) gets out of. (7) . e) B. C. invites him to dinner. at/by. 4. Exercise 1. c) gets on. C. The man sometimes gives a diamond ring to the woman. A. give. in/with. (c) It.. give her my homework on time. 7. a). a) gets down. 3. b) get by. (d) them. 6. Grandfathers make toys for the baby. 4.. loves her. 12. Exercise 1. We communicate our feelings through sounds we can make.. B. boring. funny. surprised. 6. on with. 1. 8. (a) They.g. 4. tell him about Jim. 8. 6. ashamed. B. (8) . 3. 6. D. 3. 6. 9. The father gives his friend cigars. lend you money. hurt them. 14. 5. boredom. f). C. 3. exclamations of surprise. Exercise 1.. 7. frighten. 6. by. doubt. (4) .. (c) them. about her .3 1. disgusting. (b) it. D. (d) me. loves me and I love him.4 1. 4. (b) they. jewelry. (5) . 3. 5. (e) her. 8. 5. over. B. 7. pleasant. People want to show they are interested but give the impression they don't care...5 A.3 (2) She sees him. 5. e) get over. 2. round to. ten different dolls. A. e) and f) 3. 17. 9.2 – Suggested answers 1. embarrassing. 20... 3. surprise. bored. send us a very small bill. 'He opened his eyes wide' suggests anger in Chinese but surprise in English.

Exercise 1. car wax to Angela and Bob. a. remind. A. under. the mail carrier a dog repellant.. She explained the problem to him. 15. 5. 11.4 A. 12... 9. a hairbrush to Cecilia. 3. I sometimes send her home .b. 5. to.2 1. 3.. 7. 3. 7. 8. 5. 4. 8.. 1. the counselor and me. Friends have an engagement party for the couple. Lea. 6. Both are possible. Kim taught it to her. 10.. 2. I have to do something for them.7 1. I want them to feel happy. 14. 4.12 Sentences will vary. Exercise 1. 9. 6. Exercise 1. 4. the dishtowels to his mom.. b.8 1. he.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 9. 3. 10. 5. 6. Exercise 2. My family is laughing. Ruff is happy too. I give him a hug also. Both are possible.. everyone is happy with you. 11.. Only A. recall/remember... Both are possible.. 7. 10. 9. 3. 8.11 Pete gives: 1. b. / Some people send the family flowers. memories.. C. Some people give money to charities. Only A. me. a. Friends give the woman gifts at the party. She.6 1. remember. in.. 2. 8. Only Pattern A. satisfactory. My mother gives me a kiss. to. I tell jokes to my .. b. 5... memory. 3. Exercise 1. with. 9. I read them the book. My brother smiles at me. memory. 15. People send special cards to the family.. thankful.13 1. me. 8. Only A. 13. 8. injury.. the hairbrush to his girlfriend.. and father. Kim handed her his calculator. I really like them when they are happy. 2. 12. 3.. remind.. by. Kim sent a thank you note to us. mother.. I usually buy him compact discs.. She. Exercise 1. on. 2. a. He finds some milk on the floor and licks it up. 6. Dickens.. 6. D. 6. 13. Lea showed him her essay. When you are happy. Exercise 1. 2. 10. In . 7... 7. to. 4. in. My father smiles at me too. I. Some people bring food for the family. 4. him. 6. Only A.. b. 3. a. 10. 7. 4. 11. specialist. Only A. 10. Mr. People send the family some flowers. 4.. Kim.9 1. concentration. 9. I usually read her Cinderella. 2. 2. 1. 5. I. her. B. 3. 7. recovery. Only A. 8. Exercise 1. 14. 9. I go outside and pick some beautiful flowers. of.. Guests give gifts to the couple at the wedding. 4.. 6 Luckily. forgetful. Kim. Lea. I give them to my brother.. 10.. Kim. 4. apparently. my sons. I give her a hug. 7. 3.. Lea introduced him to . Aunt Cain offered him help. a flashlight to his dad. the screwdriver set the neighbours. me.. I need to mail the applications to the . 429 . 2.. 5. Both are possible. Exercise 1.10 I don’t feel mad at my family any more. B... 4. She teaches English to my .. 4. a. Only Pattern A. 12. 2. 5. Kim. 2. 9. he. the neighbours a screwdriver set. READING DIGEST 2 Exercise 2. me. Exercise 2. He. a dictionary to his secretary. him. the dictionary to his secretary. I repeated what Kim’s mom said to him. my brother is petting him. 8. me.. I usualy give them tickets. .3 1. 6. give a present to three of my co-workers.

How are you and your family? 7.2 Each question should begin with “Can” and aswers will vary. B. a three-legged dog. 15. to. 11. 3. 6. 3. 12. a short-sleeved shirt. 4. 14. 6. A dog can’t live for twenty-five years. I have not had time to read much (of it) but it seems very interesting.1 Answers may vary. D. 1. 4. 6. C. 13. Exercise 2.5 A. 6. Exercise 2. 19. I still have some scars on my face but they are not as bad as before. riding a bike. 5. 2. My daughter Sarah is doing very well at school and hopes/is hoping to go to university next year. 5. in the first point (a) insert “can” in the place of the slash (“Who can cook?”) and in the second point (b) insert “can you” in place of the slash (“ What can you cook?”). a runner who takes part in races over long distances 5. / know how to fix cars. more. Infants can’t walk. D. B. harm. 13. wrong. Fish can’t breathe on land. 5. D. 4. single. Exercise 2. losing. 15. GRAMMAR DIGEST 2 Exercise 2. Exercise 2.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA C. 7. writing. 17. seem/appear. 3. D. 3. 8.4 Learned abilities: speaking English. 3. Since the accident I have had some problems with my memory but now I'm beginning to feel almost normal again. a place where you can park for a short time only 2. flying an airplane. a politician who is not extreme in his views B. C. 18. 2. purposes. a long-term loan. A blind person can’t see. 6 ruin/spoil. a middle-class person. reading. spoil/be ruined. Exercise 2. 9. consists. 430 . B. Exercise 2. a middle-aged person. 10. short. 9. A. / don’t know how to walk. 20. 16. a place where you can park for a long time if you wish 3. C. 19. It was very nice of you to send me that lovely book for my birthday. 8. 4. A deaf person can’t hear. had. 12. 11. D. 1. 2. 17. sense. have. namely. 2.5 1. 5. 10. answer. C. a speech which is tiresomely long 6. capable. damage. B. A. Exercise 2. 14. split/divided. I hope to hear from you soon. In. 16. 7. hurt. 8. A. a medium-sized house. 5. Exercise 2. A. someone who cannot see things at a distance 4.6 1. ways. 2. a long-sighted person. 1. D. Mechanics can fix cars.7 – Suggested answers. dead. injure.3 All answers should follow the examples given. 20. 6. would. 18. 4. 7.8 A. 1. 1. Thanks again for the wonderful book and give my love to everybody. 2. 3. B. possible/so. A. 5. 4. a short-term loan. swimming.

Exercise 2. Andy can fix a flat tire. along. 1. D. (b) but. run over. f. 2. (6) can’t / am not able to. (9) can. 5. (a) and. c. 4. 9. (4) can’t / am not able to. performance. 2.12 Correct sentences: 3 and 5. run into. Exercise 3. 4. disagreement. over. 3.11 Sentences will vary. A man can’t have a baby. run along. flat. 2. (c) but. 8. 9. 2. B. 3. Exercise 3. 1.9 1. Exercise 2. 6. A. Andy can’t make jewelry. 1. out of. failure. (7) can’t / am not able to. through. interpretation. solution. into. 3. B. READING DIGEST 3 Exercise 3. Exercise 2. D. (e) so). e. 8. importance. (8) can’t / am not able to. (a) but. 4. (12) can / are able to. 4. Doctors can cure some diseases. C. 5.10 Answers will vary. 3. (b) so. (11) can’t / isn’t able to. 2. imagination. Andy can ice skate but he can’t ski. 6. (10) can’t / isn’t able to. C. cover up. 4. (b) so. 3. Exercise 2. 2. B. (e) but. 5. A. D. deny.6 (3) can’t / are not able to. A. (5) can’t / am not able to. Andy can driva a car but he can’t fix the engine. (d) and. A. 6. B. Exercise 2. Andy can paint and draw. Exercise 2.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 7. but he can’t repair the engine. / know how to cure some diseases. awake. C. 3. 4. admit. / know how to take care of babies. 5. run out of. Ali can’t sew but he can iron. 7. 4. 3. Andy can ride a sled but he can’t ski.2 1. Men can take care of babies. 3. (13) can’t / am not able to. 431 . 10. a. (f) so. 9.4 A. (d) and. 6. 7. 6. Exercise 3. 5. C.5 1. Andy can wash clothes. 10. Andy can float but he can’t dive. invention. (c) so. 2. 8. C. 5. 7. but he can’t sew. 3.7 It is recommended that you use either can or be able to in making the questions. run through. 5. b. 2. 8. 1. 4. knowledge.8 Answers may vary. d. 1.3 A. 5.B. 2.C. Exercise 2. (14) can / am able to.

Why are they eating sandwiches? 7. 5.. (b) am. Exercise 3. . (2) is slicing. P.. Regis is taking care of the children. Regis is taking care of the children. (8) is chewing. 8. (10) is cleaning..... C. (e) are doing. P.... 4. Regis isn’t laughing.. 1. 3.... 10.7 Anwers may vary..(c) Tonight... Who is watching the children? 8. 3. 2.. 6..... / Suzy’s not doing .. women are getting . is spending. (c) is happening.. / Regis’s not laughing. GRAMMAR DIGEST 3 Exercise 3. Exercise 3.8 Answers may vary.. 8. / Regis’s not enjoying . 8. (e) are acting. 6. (4) is listening. 4. am dying. Present Progressive 3..... Exercise 3.. (c) am trying. Where is Robin’s meeting taking place? 432 . 5. He’s beginning. aren’t getting .. These days. / Regis’s not relaxing. 7. 4. A. 18. (g) am not having. Today.. ... are not getting . D... Robin isn’t wearing.. (d) comes. am walking.. Exercise 3. are killing. / Regis’s not paying .. isn’t having. is burning. He’s trying. Today. Today. 3.. is going vrazy. These days. 9.. 2. (c) know. Today. Regis isn’t relaxing. / . 19.. What’s Robin thinking? 6. 16. P.3 1. (5) is thinking. 5. / Robin’s babysitter’s not coming. (b) am. T/C.(e) This evening. Regis isn’t paying .. 7. women are earning . 3. C.6 Answers will vary. (f) yell... . (6) is waiting. 14. fathers are spending . / Robin’s not wearing. Suzy isn’t doing . P. 15. (e) am taking care of. / . 3. 6.. 2.. P.. (3) is wiping.. 17. are hurting. aren’t listening . These days. is biting... are making. (b) am talking. Exercise 3. (d) is attending. The baby and the dog don’t usually fight.9 1.. (h) sound. 7... (7) is sleeping. A... is going..2 (1) is repairing. (a) is pulling. (a) is. Robin usually cooks dinner in the evening. Exercise 3. He’s thinking.. the roles . Simple Present 2. 2. men are sharing work .. are not listening . Who(m) is Robin meeting at the college? 5. A. husbands are helping .5 1.... Why are Frankie and the dog fighting? 4. T/C.4 1. fifty .... T/C... 2. B..ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA 11... 12. B.. Regis usually works. B. 6. 6. 20. Regis isn’t enjoying . Exercise 3. These days... (a) need. Exercise 3. He’s taking.. D. He’s learning.10 3. are working . (b) am watching. 13. Robin’s babsitter isn’t coming. / Suzy’s not helping ..1 is attending. 7. (9) is playing. (d) are behaving. 4. (a) doing. 4. women are becoming . He doesn’t usually spend the day at home. 5. Why is Regis taking aspirin? 9. 5. are changing. Exercise 3...(g) Tonight Regis is going crazy. 4. Suzy isn’t helping .

. .13 Sentences may vary. 2. 9. Who is coming home right now? 11. 8. but . 6.... Mom’s buying food. 6. 1. Dad is getting a sunburn. but she’s making them today.... My Dad is usually at home. C. My sisters don’t argue much. Who is making a lot of noise? Exercise 3. 433 .. Jennifer’s flirting with the lifeguard. Ricky is not sleeping. is eating. 5.. Do you need my help? 5. 8.. 2.... D. 10. . 9. My brother Tito is watching television all the time.. but . Carmen’s digging in the sand. are burning. 4.. You are working hard .. The hot dogs are burning.. 4. 3. Dad is not driving carefully. The family is not having any fun. . I’nm sliding down the water slide.. C. 3.. is jumping. How are you doing today? Exercise 3. Jennifer is not smiling.. is wding. but now he’s awake and playing.. 7. 2. am sliding... The air conditioning is not working. but now he’s putting on the Christmas lights. What is Robin thinking? 6. 6. The lifeguard is blowing his whistle. but at the moment she’s baking cookies. The girls are burrying Dad.. 10. 7. but today I’m at home. Dad is not watching the road. The following are possible answers. 4. 9. 10. 12. Frankie and the dog are fighting. Traffic is not moving. 11. Dad is lying in the sand. 4. Exercise 3.. is buying.12 1. The swimmers are splashing each other. but today he’s eating a lot of cookies. Why are you working today? 4. 8.11 1. . How is Regis feeling? 12. READING DIGEST 4 Exercise 4. 3. Where are you going? 10. 8.. 6. 11. The soup smells bad. 1. is watching.. 2.. 3. 8. Carmen and Margarita are not sitting still. .. He has a new TV. 10.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 10.. 5. 2. but .. Mom is not agreeing with Dad.. 4. are burrying.. Tito’s eating a hot dog. 3. Does she believe him? 7. 9. is sleeping. 5.2 1.. My sister is often at her boyfriend’s house. 2.. .. 7. 3.14 Questions and asnwers will vary. he is playing cowboy . People are not saving . . A. 9. are spilling. Exercise 3. I am not talking with my family. 7. but . 5.. 1.

12. Rephrasing: a) Sound in general travels very fast through water in general. 7. f). collect (verb). perform – performance. intelligence (noun). astonishment (noun).5 A. 4. depend – dependency. Do you enjoy listening to classical music? 3. agree (verb). 7. prove . angrily (adverb) B.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Exercise 4. apparently (adverb). b) Kennedy. 1. propose – proposal.house/s/. Who likes doing exercises like these? Exercise 4.proof (consonant change). e). h). 2. B. corrections. astonish (verb). 2. 8. 4. arrive (verb). mean (verb). Who always leaves the door open? 3.3 1. say. 2. 5. 6. 2. say. collection (noun). a) Tom. d) re'ject -'reject (stress shift and vowel change). I am very interested in science. 1. 8. b) Dick. 3. 2. permit – permission. I am particularly interested in the science of marine biology. development (noun). prefer –preference. 8. 9. The sound on your television set is very loud. 1. Do you like the music of Beethoven and Mozart? 4. correspond –correspondence. speak/talk. communication (noun). refusal (noun). 4.4 A.tale (vowel change). 1. 5. content – contentment. 6. The love of money is often the strongest feeling of all. 8. c) house/z/ . 2. I do not like the food in this restaurant. a) Jack Ruby. 6.6 1. 7. speak. B. Who does the teacher work for? 5. urge – urgency.7 A. life (noun). 4. reduce – reduction. meaning (noun). 3. 5. retire – retirement. e) cut – cut. Exercise 4. Everybody needs food in order to live. 10. talk. b) A particular kind of sound (which has been mentioned) travels very fast through a particular area of water. 2. C. b). a) employ – employment. c). tell. 3. h). 3.grief (consonant change). f). Who did Cleopatra love? 4. live (verb). Exercise 4. 1. 5. 6. b) tell . 7. Who broke the window? 2. agreement (noun). avoid – avoidance. d). tell. 4. suggest suggestion explain explanation 434 . 11. grieve . 3. 1. collect (verb). 5. arrival (noun). Exercise 4. C. speak. rehearse – rehearsal. d).

17. capable. with the squeaky wheel. correcting. got. 2. The man with the rope around him is the new teacher. go.. 4. which/that. The woman (with the whistle) is the girls’ basketball coach. 11. The man in the suit and tie is the school principal. 15. 10. 8. The woman (in the white coat) is the school nurse. The boy in the baseball uniform is standing on .1 1.persuasion possess – possession pollute . The man (with the white hat) works in the school cafeteria. Which skirt does Cheryl want to get? 2. 4.division impress – impression suspect . The man (with the books and microscope) is the science teacher. make/use. 9.. been. The man (in the suit and tie) is the school principal. 6.4 1.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ D. besides. The boy in the corner is reading. learned. with the woman driver. 4. 9. 3. 11. The girl in hte closet is crying. 3. Exercise 4. meant. number/amount.. The girls near the window are waving to . GRAMMAR DIGEST 4 Exercise 4. 5. with the red light on top.. 19. 14. seems/appears. contained. 6. Exercise 4. with the chauffeur. at the stop light.inflation divide . on the skateboard.8 1.3 2. such. 20.pollution Exercise 4.. distances.. 3.. 7. 12..2 The adjective phrases are: 2. 10. 8. 6. 5. parked at the grocery store.suspicion persuade . 2. on the highway. 10. Exercise 4. The boy in/with the striped shirt and black pants is throwing . The girl with the Walkman is singing. other. 18. mistakes. 4. 7. 13. who. 8.addition confess – confession inflate . 9. with a dent. 6. The woman (with the easel and paints) is the art teacher. The boys in the back of the room are fighting . 5. satisfy permit interfere appear encourage deliver see breathe give export prove practise advise satisfaction permission interference appearance encouragement delivery sight breath gift export proof practice advice add . hear. 7. Which earrings does Rachel prefer? 435 . Which shoes does Rachel like? 3. 5. 16. 3. branches. with the ladder.

3. were. 4. 7. were. / The service was slow / good. (f) other. (a) the other. very/rather/fairly.5 (1) another. 8. An elevator. 3. (7) others. were. were. / It was rainy / wet / windy. 3. (b) another. / It wasn’t warm. / They were charming and wonderful. was. The maiden’s clothes weren’t new. were. Which earrings does Cheryl prefer? 7. 6.7 1. 5. (a) another. Which sweater does Rachel want to buy? 9. (11) weren’t. They were interesting. was. Coffee. 8. 9. 11. (12) another. was. were. Chocolate. 4. (10) the other. was. The maiden wasn’t unhappy at the end of the story. Exercise 4. Exercise 4. was. (3) wasn’t. 8. were. Exercise 4.6 1. (b) the other. was.9 Answers may vary. Snow. Spaghetti. was. 2. was. / The waiters were rude. 7. (d) other. 6. / It was terrible. Exercise 4. Which blouse does Rachel like? 8. (5) the other. were. There wasn’t any princess in the story. It was cold. very (only very can be used here). were. 5.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA 4. were. were. Were there three sisters in the story? 2. (8) was. was. (4) was. 2. 3. were. 3. Exercise 4. 5. very/rather/quite. Exercise 4. 2. A toaster. 6. (6) the other. (4) others. 10. very/rather/quite. 2. (c) The others. was. 4. 1. 9. (3) other. Exercise 4. was. Exercise 4. was. / They were polite / friendly. 3. (13) were. 6. (b) other. 3. was. (8) the others. Exercise 4. was. 2. 2. 5. 11. very/rather/quite. 10. (10) was. very/rather/quite. (14) weren’t.15 Answers may vary. 7. 7. Which shoes does Cheryl want to buy? Exercise 4. A credit card. 8. (9) another. (e) other.13 was.18 1. The story wasn’t about two good sisters. (d) another. Exercise 4. was. Which sweater does Cheryl want to buy? 5. (12) were. 4. (15) were. Exercise 4. 2.17 1. (2) others.8 Answers may vary. (7) wasn’t. / The food was delicious / terrible. (9) wasn’t.16 Answers will vary. Exercise 4. very/rather/quite. 5. (a) the other. / The waiters were polite and friendly. Were the maiden’s sisters rich? 436 . were. / It wasn’t sunny.10 Answers may vary depending on student’s beliefs. was. (11) other. was. very/rather/quite.14 (2) was.12 1.11 1. 4. (5) were. (6) was. was. (c) the others. very/rather/quite. were. very (only very can be used here). were. It was small and expensive. Exercise 4. The story wasn’t sad at the end. Ice. Which skirt does Cheryl like? 6.

by. central. 2. to work.20 1. there were. modifications. reveal. event. 3. race. Exercise 5. Exercise 4. Was the ending happy? Exercise 4. Were the maiden’s clothes new? 5. C. 6. 437 . 5.2 1. game. match. C. 5. Was Strong Wind a powerful warrior? 6. off. Was there. A.23 Answers may vary. 2. Who(m) were. festival. 3. 4. Was the maiden honest? 8. culture. reference to. persecution. 3.3 1. 3. 4. d) 1. 8. gala. 2.5 1. tradition. Why were. 3. 4. 2. 7. 3. into. What were. D. Why were the people on Mount Everest? 6. C. D. 2. descendant. 8. 2. G. c) 1. Was the service good at the restaurant? 7. 6. 3. episode. The Beatles weren’t fashion designers. cultivation. custom. trailers.8 a) 1.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 3. across. There weren’t any dates in the document. 3. Exercise 5. 3. Was there. 4. 4. fair. 4. 8. deal. How was. Were there. 4. 2. solely. READING DIGEST 5 Exercise 5. Exercise 5. by/round. 4.4 1. A. 2. 8. conceal. 5. C. down with. 2. 6. 2. 2. 2. gypsy.6 1. civilisation. 7. 6. Where were. Were the sisters jealous and mean? 4. b) 1. How were. How was the trip to Disneyworld? Exercise 4. bazaar. Were the maiden’s sisters honest? 7. customs. 5. H. 7. 2. 4. 4. 3. 5. Exercise 4. out.7 1. 9. 5. incident. leaders. Was the weather hot at Disneyworld last week? 4. There was. Was the earthquake in Japan in 1996? 5.9 1. there was. contest. to pick up. 5. Were Indira Gandhi and Golda Meir Prime Minister? 2. maintain. occasion. Exercise 4. Exercise 5. the saying. Were there. 7.22 Answers will vary. up with. 3. 4. to attend. 6. to move on. 4. 13. 8. Exercise 5.19 1. long. 4. attend. racing. 6. civilisation. there weren’t.21 1. conceal. Were the maiden’s sisters married in the end? 9. Exercise 5. Exercise 5. 3. 5. A. 3. distrust of. 6. 3.

started. camera didn’t break... 13... 6. got.13 1. broke.10 1. began. Exercise 5. Exercise 5. 9. 14. cried. finished /t/. Lisa and Kate didn’t lose . asked /t/. at.. GRAMMAR DIGEST 5 Exercise 5. 7. enjoyed their . in. . Last.. (8) discussed. went. 11. remembered /d/. 2. 2. felt... Exercise 5.. 11. waited /id/.. ate. 10. . . 7. broke. 5. liked. 7. hated /id/. took. 15. Exercise 5..10 1. 2. Harry didn’t notice . (12) fired.. 12. Ms.. as. ate. hurt. 10. 5.. left. 3. like. 4. loved. thought. . . 6. 6.2 1. 4. 8.. as. went.7 was.. 5. drove.. False. 3. bought.. like. ago.. 11. worked /t/.... 6. 6. True. as. as. punished /t/. Exercise 5. 11. 12. wasn’t. as. 8. decided /id/.. 8. discussed. didn’t believe . 12.. 3.. as. 4. 9. 2. 16. 15. 8. Exercise 5. 10. 10. caught. landed /id/. 7.. like.. . threw. 13. . as. like. 3. lughed. helped. wanted. enjoyed. two days ago. 5. . 8. The teacher trusted . 13. Exercise 5. failed. answered /d/. 11. as. 4. on Sunday / two days ago. didn’t enjoy . (10) typed. 2. pointed /id/. True. Exercise 5. Exercise 5. Why did Jerry’s ship sink? 438 .. 4. When did Jerry go on vacation? 3. As. registered. yelled /d/. 6. (11) signed. 4. disappeared. stood. (9) confessed. stopped. 5. woke. as. as.. Exercise 5. Harry stole .. 14. 7. was. was. like. 9... asked. studied.. 3. 9. like. fell. 7. 5. Exercise 5. were not able. played.. spoke. 4. 3. took. lost. as. 6. The students tried to . saw. paid. used. got.11 Answers will vary.. brought. didn’t get stuck . rolled /d/. as. 6. 8. didn’t spend .3 enjoyed.. met. was. learned. Benny didn’t succeed.. True. stole. 12. 9. trusted /id/. like.5 2. 5. on. 3. (4) remembered. 5.8 2. (6) noticed. heard.. spent..9 2. 3.6 (2) believed. as. (3) locked.. said. False. didn’t visit . 10.12 1. called /d/ . left. occured. talked /t/. Ditto didn’t sign . (5) looked. as. got. 4. 14.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Exercise 5... (7) asked. 12. like.4 1. How long ago did he leave home? 4. went. The other students didn’t like . True. 13. bought. 17. Where did Jerry go on vacation? 2. found.

Who signed the note? 8. How did Jerry feel when he finished the boat? 10. Who fired Harry? 7. / On Monday. ironed. The ship sank a long time ago.. David trimmed the hedges two weeks ago. tripped. talked. Harry didn’t notice his mistakes. / Yesterday. What did Jerry do after the ship sank? 6. 9. printed. answered.. What did Harry want? 6. 14. David .. What did the Director do? 9. Who(m) did Harry want to hurt? 4. I saw him last night. studied. listened. named. David raked the leaves the day before yesterday. locked. delivered. started. David raked the leaves two days ago. 6. plyed. 2. 4. / Two days ago. 3... 2. mowed the grassed and set up the president’s party yesterday. filed. pointed. polished. Exercise 5. 7. enjoyed. David . David trimmed the hedges. 439 . David set up for the president’s party last night. jumped. dusted. Who(m) did the Director fire? 9. and repaired the spinklers last week. 5. What did Harry steal? 8. / Two weeks ago. skated. washed.. Who found the note? 6. skipped. What was the moral of the story? Exercise 5. walked. baked. David . Who(m) did Jerry meet on the island? 7. 3. / Last Friday. How did Jerry build a boat? 13. / The day before yesterday. planted flowers. Group II /d/: learned. changed. Exercise 5. David cheked his tools on Monday. Ditto use in her classes? 3. David .. They didn’t have dinner in a Greek restaurant. David .. They didn’t meet the Mayor of New York. How did the story end? Exercise 5. worked. Harry didn’t feel sad. fixed... Group III /id/: corrected. / Last night. David . 7. What did Jerry put on the boat? 9. David . asked.. Who got hurt in the end? 5.. typed. 14 1. How did Jerry build the boat? 8.. David raked the leaves. Who(m) did the teacher trust in the Benny story? 15.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 5.17 1. climbed. / Yesterday morning. kissed. mowed the grass. brushed. This morning I woke up early.. 4. vacuumed.. bounced. Where did Lisa and Kate go on vacation? 11. scrubbed. .16 Group I /t/: discussed. / Last week. David trimmed the hedges yesterday morning. cleaned.. What did Ms. 5. David . Who(m) did the students love? 2.. What happened to Harry? 10. 8. remembered.15 1.. Who went with Lisa to New York? 12. David repaired the sprinklers last Friday. hopped.

herself. 5. yourselves. (a) yourselves. 3. 2. You. up. 5. 7. 5. Exercise 6. C. Guilty in Gainesville. Exercise 6.3 Part A First letter: I. myself. Part B A. Exercise 5. achieved.2 themselves. 5. Exercise 6. fully grown. 7. enlisted.10 1. will phone. 8. to want. 5. inspired.4 1. 4. 2. yourself.4 1. B. others. Exercise 6.2 1. 2. 9. lifeguard. black and blue. each other. C. deeply. yourself. yourself. 3. leaflet.5 1. 3.8 1. yourself. yourself. b) 1. splashing. professor.1 – Part B A. knowledgeable. instructor.18 Answers will vary. yourself. 2. 6.6 1. 10. Exercise 6. my heart. B. will meet. 9. drowned. Exercise 6. 9. yourself.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA 10. Second letter: I. GRAMMAR DIGEST 6 Exercise 6. 5. 4. 11. 6. out of. when. / Yesterday afternoon. 6. 2. 4. 3. 8. float. the blues. 5. diving. out of the blue. recorded. rewarding. Exercise 6. 2. 7. undoubtedly. will you help. READING DIGEST 6 Exercise 6. to give. B. 8. If. instructor. relax. 6. 2. subscribed. 7. over. (a) ourselves. after. 8. on. for. armbands. 7. C. yourself. if. 2.7 a) 1. 12. in. diving board. birthday. yourself. subconscious. to overcome. if. recruited. off. float. yourself. A. (b) themselves. B. enrolled. trainer. 3. defeated. to shake. B. bullied. instructor. Exercise 6. Bored in Boston. goggles. himself. 5.. 4. 6. once in a blue moon. 3. 3. 5.9 1. teacher. 2. 8. 4. to enrol. naturally. 12. 3. yourself. C. 4. 10. has finished. back-stroke. Third letter: No reflexive pronouns. to book. 5. 11. 4. 10. 6. 7. breast-stroke. 2. you. 4. 6. When. swimming pool. (b) yourselves. frightening. 5. scream blue murder. Supermom in Seattle. 2. 6. Exercise 6. coach. David . Exercise 6.. courageous. 3. 4. aback. registered. 3. 4. 4. Exercise 6. 440 . D. panic. myself. 3. difficulty. David mowed the grass yesterday afternoon.3 1. swim. flippers. have.

7. Exercise 6. (b) throwing them out.10 2. We enjoyed ourselves at the circus. 6. (2) He. 4. 8. take off – remove. (12) you. sit down. hold on – wait. (15) him. X. 8. 2. 4. (8) me. (3) himself. (c) clean it up. Stand up.15 1.14 1. (3) turned on. (9) his. (b) throw that junk food from home out. himself/herself. (9)themselves. 441 . X. (9) turned on. Exercise 6. 7.16 (1) broke down. (5) turn on. 4. (c) put them away. (c) put them on. themselves. (b) hand these uniforms out. 2. show up. We write to each other every month.12 (1) pick up. ask for. each other. Exercise 6. sit down. each other. Exercise 6. (a) fill out. yourself. (b) fill it out. (10) ourselves. 5.6 (1) My. put on. They blamed each other for the accident. 8. 7. (b) cheer her up. (11) his. turn down – lower. 4. I shave every morning. 12. Exercise 6.9 myself. . 3. 5. I husrt myself. (b) put your old clothes away. (16) him. eat out. X. (5) He. 5. call up. 5. (11) ourselves.. (10) his. (7) fill up. (4) himself. 10. stand up. (17) yourself. They’re looking at themselves . (c)turn it down. (4) Throw away. (b) hand them out. . He did it himself. 11. 7. (a) hand out. 6. come in – enter.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 7. (3) itself. come back. 9. Exercise 6.. 7. slow down. each other. (2) yourself. 4. come back – return. Exericse 6.. grow up. 3. (b) pick it up. 6. 9. himself/herself.11 2. (8) themselves. hand out – distribute. (b) clean this mess up. 4. (6) himself. 3. Exercise 6. (6) figure out. 5. 4. 6. broke down. 8. themselves. Exercise 6. (12) myself. 3. (5) got out of. (c) throw it out.. 3. 6. (a) throw out. 7. (14) you. himself/herself. 2. turn up – raise. Exercise 6. ourselves. 3. each other. themselves. (a) pick up. (6) himself. (13) Your. take out. 6. fill ou – complete.13 2. (5) themselves. (c) turn them off.. 5. (b) turn the lights off. (b) put your new Army clothes on. (c) hand them out. (7) yourselves. 8.5 2. Exercise 6. (3) Put away. come in. each other. (2) calmed down. (2) turn off. 10. (8) woke up. Exercise 6. (b) turn that radio down. (4) myself. 3. (7) me. (4) look up. 5. each other.. call up – telephone.8 (1) myself.7 1. (a) cheer up.

1. sign of the times. very. C. Exercise 7. D. Exercise 7. 8. backbone. 3. C. 8. 10. A. 6. backup. B. 5. endangered. Europe. isn’t going to. most. 3. ignoring = not paying attention to. timber = wood for commercial use. H. 2. A. to reach. 3. is going to. Exercise 7. substantial.8 1. alarming. 3. 11. 9. 7. there is a need. 1. 4. destruction. commitments. further.2 1. severe. 2. fire and acid rain that destroy woodlands and forests. 2. any. 5. very. forestry = the study and practice of planting. 14. factors = reasons for a decision or action.5 Exercise 7. woodland. 6. reduction. ecological. backbreaking. B. 6. 9.4 A. D. ecological balance = perfect state of nature. caring for and managing forests. GRAMMAR DIGEST 7 Exercise 7. is going to. tropical. 7. 2. 5. is going to. Exercise 7. to produce. e. very. 7. A. Environmental. 4. 442 . substantial = vast.2 isn’t going to.7 1. Conservationists. most. 4. 3. 5. 5. experts. protection. C. 6. 2. Exercise 7. condemned. even. are goint to. 9. 4. Because of freak weather conditions. reductions. sign language.g.3 A. 5. 7. continent = area of land made up of various countries. are going to. 1.1 Answers will depend on the student’s personal views of the future. far. 12. responded. is going to. 6. too. put forward. 8. 10. 8. 2. 6. am not going to. is going to. survival. safeguards = defences. wide-ranging. further. are going to. 2. very. 5. 4.6 1. G. a bit. 4.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA READING DIGEST 7 Exercise 7. forestry. 3. is going to. Ecologists. shows signs of. 9. backyard. much. 10. widespread = occurring in a lot of places. 6. Exercise 7. 13. isn’t going to. detailed. hopefully. F. discoloration. B. 4. 3.

.. in. tomorrow / on Thursday / this Thursday / on April 11. (7) are you going.8 1. in 2015 / in _____ years. At. on April 16 / next week / next Tuesday. 6. on April 12 / in two days / this Friday / on Friday.. on April 19 / next week / next Friday / a week from Friday. (c) may / might. (a) may / might. (4) are going to. 7. (b) may / might not. (6) are going to. 3. (b) may / might not.4 Answers may vary... 4. 3.. 4. in 2020 / in _____ years.10 1. (10) am going to. (a) may / might. (9) are you going to. until. Where will Brian . on. Will Clara become .. (2) am not going to. 7. 9. 8. 4. 3. 6. 3.. for. (b) may / might not. (12) am going to. (5) are going to. (14) will. (a) may / might not. (13) won’t. Exercise 7.. 6. Exercise 7.. Why will Cull .7 (1) are going to. on. until. (c) may / might.5 2. Exercise 7... (8) am going to. 7. on April 18 / next week / next Thursday / a week from Thursday. 8. 443 .. 8. Where will Dan . 9. (b) may / might. (11) won’t.LIMBA ENGLEZĂ Exercise 7. for. 4. 5. (3) will.. Exercise 7. 5.3 (2) What are you going to do there? (3) Who(m) are you going to stay with? (4) How long are you going to stay? (5) How are you going to go/get there? (6) Are you going to come back to your job? Exercise 7... next month / on May 6 / in five weeks. (a) may / might. 2.6 2. on June 10 / in two months. When will Alberta win .9 Statements will very depending on the student’s points of view. Who will discover . 2. Exercise 7. Where will Grace open . 5. Exercise 7. How long will it take Con . 10.

How well do you kayak? 4. How well do you swim? 3. How far does she plan to kayak? 444 . How often does she plan to kayak? 15. How old is your daughter? 11. How well does your daughter swim? 12.11 2. How long has she been kayaking? 14. How often do you plan to kayak? 6.ANCA CEHAN – ŞTEFAN COLIBABA Exercise 7. How well does she kayak? 13. How far do you want to kayak? 7. How do you want to pay for your membership? 10. How long have you been kayaking? 5. How long a membership are you interested in? 9. How far do you live from here? 8.