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Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project

FEASIBILITY STUDIES Methodologies and practices
The real difficulty lies not in developing new ideas, but in escaping escaping from old ones John Maynard Keynes

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project

Project Management

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project

Why is Project Management Important?
30% of all projects are canceled before completion 30% experience schedule delays 50% exceed original cost estimates 12% completed on time and on budget 1995 - $81 billion spent on canceled technology projects

Project teams detest progress reporting because it manifests their lack of progress. If project content is allowed to change freely.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Laws of Project Management Projects progress quickly until they are 90% complete. Then they remain at 90% complete forever. When things appear to be going better. . When things just can’t get worse. something will go wrong. When things are going well. they will. you have overlooked something. the rate of change will exceed the rate of progress.

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project General Concepts .

and Crane .Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project What is a Project? “A project is a sequence of unique. Beck. and connected activities having one goal or purpose and that must be completed by specific time. within budget.” Wysocki. and according to specification. complex.

Failure to achieve consensus on the above dooms a project before it starts. • A brief statement the problem or opportunity to be addressed by the project. • The project goal. • Project assumptions and constraints.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Scoping the Project: At a minimum. a complete project definition should include the following: • A project champion and executive sponsor. • The project objectives. .

planning. and controlling the development of an acceptable system at a minimum cost within a specified time frame. . monitoring.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project What is Project Management? Project management is the process of defining. directing.

long term routines: – Broad scope and objectives – Long term planning dominant. and functions – Flexibility of strategies. precise objectives Planning outcomes predictable and precise Control dominant . long term strategies. tactics and resource utilization – Structured decisions. projects • Ongoing. few constraints • Projects: – – – – Fixed duration Limited scope.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Ongoing routines vs.

….Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Project duration Short term 1 month to 1 year Medium term up to 2 years Long term more than 2 Years Years 0 1 2 3 4 5….. 10 .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Project Life Cycle .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Project Life Cycle Management .

cost control. and technical innovation on projects .Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project More on Project Life Cycle • A project delivery methodology • Process for maintaining schedules.

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Overlap of Project Processes Level of Activity Implementation Planning & Scheduling Concept & Selection Terminating Monitor & Control Time Time .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Typical Sequence of Events During the Project Life Cycle Concept Initial proposal Feasibility and risk assessment Acceptance Conceptual phase Objectives and master plans Activity and resource plan Scrutiny of Resource contracts Planning phase Implementation monitoring and control Project review and revision Implementation phase Handover Evaluation and Follow up Completion Termination phase .

activity plans and schedules Finalize master plans. specifications and quotations Consideration of submissions and quotations Negotiations with potential contractors Agreement between owners and contractors . finance. activity and resource plans Contractors express interest and qualify for tenders Contractors’ reconnaissance and feasibility study Contractors’ submit proposals.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Consideration of concept Feasibility study Assessment Decision to proceed Owners invite expression of interest Owner’s evaluation and report Contractor’s final report Termination and handover Monitoring and coordination of work by owner Regular project reviews and (if required) revisions Project execution by contractors monitored and coordinated by owners Owners establish project management and coordination Contractor’s resource.

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Concept Development .

feasibility and scope receive initial consideration. potential benefits.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Conceptualization • Starting with the seed of an idea. possibly with ideas on problem areas. • Preliminary goals are considered and ideas on costs. an awareness of need or a desire for some major development or improvement. alternative approaches and ways of overcoming difficulty .

What should not be included (unwanted)? 4.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Concept Development: Setting the Goals • Test the concept by questioning: 1. and from whom (impediments? . which are desirable but less important (wants)? 3. How could the project “vision” best be achieved? 5. why. How much will it cost and who would pay for it? 7. How long will it take to achieve results and when would it be sensible to start? 6. Exactly what should be achieved? 2. What opposition might be encountered. Which outcomes are important (need).

It is a good idea to explore each of these rather dismiss any less attractive options.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Concept Development: Considering Methodology Alternative ways of achieving project objectives may come up for consideration. .

Invest time and money to identify stakeholders and their concerns even when plans are tentative. get them involved. 2. .Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Concept Development: Seeking Acceptance and Support 1. assess the risks and show ways of overcoming them. when possible. 4. Identify potential stakeholders early and. enthuse peers and immediate superiors to provide encouragement and basic help. 5. Show benefits in realistic but attractive terms Don’t play down difficulties or problems. Marshal support from the “true believers”. this saves time and resources later (Laufer 1997). 3.

Anticipate oppositions and be forewarned. A project cannot work on a basis of false information. of course. 3. think why proposals might attract opposition. 2.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Concept Development: Seeking Acceptance and Support 1. and from whom. be factual and. honest. get support from top people in as many areas as possible. . Don’t gloss over problems. “Picket the heights”. and prepare a rational defense. 5. Be realistic about costs and risks but stress benefits. Support proposals with logical framework structures showing major assumptions on which the project proposals are based and what results would be verifiable. 4.

it is prudent to allow for variance (up to 10%) in total time and cost by way of insurance against the unexpected. . adjustment and revision • Because of the close relationship between time.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Concept Development: Cushioning the impact of variance. cost and quality.

but also to assess the results carried out (quality of public works realized) • For Regional Operational Programme an intermediate evaluation has to be prepared by the independent evaluator on the capacity of the regional administration to achieve main targets.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project FEASIBILITY STUDIES • EU procedures for the evaluation of plans and programmes are related not only to the capacity of using EU funds. Some of these targets are directly related on projects characteristics which has to be set in FS .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project FEASIBILITY STUDIES FS could be defined as: “A tool for transforming the initial projectproject-idea into a specific hypothesis of intervention. by producing a set of information helping the Public Authority to take the final decision” decision” . the specification and the comparison of two or more alternatives directed to achieve the defined objectives. through the identification.

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project

FEASIBILITY STUDIES
Project Life Cycle
Programming Evaluation Identification

FS Implementation Implementation Implementation Financing Financing Planni Planning

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project

FEASIBILITY STUDIES
• FS could be considered as a powerful tool to support decisions, providing a logical framework to help policy makers to identify best possible choices • FS could support and enforce political decisions and convince stakeholders • However, the final decision lies on political authorities

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project

FEASIBILITY STUDIES
• The aim of FS is to assist the public authorities in increasing the effectiveness in the use of financial resources for public work • Specific aspects will not be tackled by this presentation Guidelines, such as: • Threshold of application • Fields of application • Procedures for the application But some aspects will be showed within the presentation of the Italian normative framework and in case histories

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project FEASIBILITY STUDIES The index according to Italian framework • Preparatory analyses and project types • • • • General information Supply and demand analysis Management models Definition of project alternatives • Financial feasibility • Economic and social analysis • Cost Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) • Multicriteria Analysis (MCA) • Technical feasibility • Environmental impacts • Administrative procedural analysi • Risk analysis and sensitivity • Executive summary • Difference between medium size and large projects • CheckCheck-list for the evaluation .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project .

3 million – Art.which requires feasibility studies for works with a total cost of more than €10. justified decisions in allocating resources for public investments. 4 of Law 144/1999 (pdf. 110 Kb) . which revises the framework law for public works (Law 106/1977). 6 of Law 166/2002 (pdf. • • . The creation of an information set enables the competent government authorities to take well-founded. preparing periodic reports for the CIPE The objective of feasibility studies is to transform a project idea into a specific plan.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project GUIDELINES FOR FEASIBILITY STUDIES • The legislative basis of feasibility studies can be found in: – Art. confirming the central role of feasibility studies and extending their purpose UVAL provided technical support and monitoring of the state of progress and planning developments for the feasibility studies co-financed under resolutions 106 and 135/1999. 117 Kb) . identifying and comparing alternatives with a view to developing different approaches to satisfying a need and implementing the original idea. Such studies also enable the early identification of obstacles to the implementation of investment programmes and thereby accelerate the subsequent design and implementation process.

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Feasibility and Risk Assessment .

benefits and other details. In such cases. . proposed methods. a project proposal will usually be prepared. it may be necessary to seek approval from principals or other parties who might. setting our rationale. in some way. estimated costs.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project The project proposal As the idea becomes established. be affected by the project.

purpose of project and offers a broad outline of expected costs and benefits. 4. 3.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Feasibility and Risk Assessment: The initial proposal The purpose of the initial proposal is: 1. To introduce the concept To test the reactions of potential stakeholders To elicit support To establish a basis for feasibility assessment The initial proposal explains the background. need. . 2.

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Feasibility and Risk Assessment: Investigating Feasibility 1-Existing data 2-Scope. objectives and assumptions 3-Strategy outline 4-Financial analysis 5-Assessment of return on investment and effort 6-Risk assessment 7-Sources of project support 8-Technological assessment 9-Political analysis 10-Environmental impact assessment 11-Sociological impact assessment and stakeholder identification 12-Project management structure and administration 13-Project resources .

its scope. usually with the benefit of a structured feasibility study. This will offer recommendations as to how the project should proceed. . objectives and so on. duration. practicalities.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Feasibility and Risk Assessment: Investigating Feasibility (2) When a decision for action is reached. feasibility and risk are reexamined in greater detail. the scale and form it should take.

who to see. what questions to ask. where to go. give an honest and unbiased opinion . what to see. consider their consequences and how these difficulties might be overcome Don’t be afraid to consider alternatives.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Feasibility and Risk Assessment: Conducting Feasibility Studies • • • • • • • • • Get as much information as possible before commencing the study Make a study plan.and revise it regularly Test preconceived ideas and prejudices. listen to opinions but test their validity Don’t become wrongly influenced or caught up in someone’s bandwagon Differentiate between fact and opinion Be aware of the nature and strength of deeply held opinions and feelings that might result in opposition or delay in completing the project Obtain and record facts wherever possible Be aware of possible risks.

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Feasibility and Risk Assessment: what should be covered in the feasibility report Identifying Information • Title • Place and date of study • Composition of the study team • Terms of reference and study objectives Executive Summary • Brief description of study activities • Summary of conclusions • Summary of recommendations • Body of the report Contents • List of annexes and exhibits • Terms of reference • Detail of investigation .

benefits. possible alternatives Recommendations • Recommendations to proceed • Proposed project duration • How to proceed • Draft project objectives for each area of the project • Resources that will be required • Project financing • Management and staffing • Framework for project control and review • The purpose and objectives of key jobs . assessment of success probabilities.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Feasibility and Risk Assessment: what should be covered in the feasibility report (2) Conclusions • Conclusions relating to feasibility. consequences. likely costs. anticipated problems. hazards and possibility of failure in any area.

charts.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Feasibility and Risk Assessment: what should be covered in the feasibility report (3) Annexes and exhibits • Master charts of proposed project events • Copies of relevant data • Maps. tables and so on • Draft position descriptions for key personnel • Financial estimates and cash flow prediction • Threat and risk assessment .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Risk Management .

the risks are minimal. while others are highly risk-prone Risk management is: The formal process by which risk factors are systematically and continuously identified. and mitigated . assessed. managed.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Feasibility and Risk Assessment: Risk Management • • There is an element of risk in all projects. In some.

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Feasibility and Risk Assessment: Risk Management • All team members should be responsible for identifying potential risks • Most problems can be anticipated and avoided • Solutions can be prepared in advance • A problem resolved in advance is far simpler to resolve than one that occurs unexpectedly • Reduces stress to team members .

2. 3.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Feasibility and Risk Assessment: Risk Management Risk management takes place in four stages: 1. Risk Identification Risk Assessment Risk Analysis Risk Elimination . 4.

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project

Feasibility and Risk Assessment:
Risk Identification

Risks may stem from:
1. The project itself
For example decisions on method, specification, technology, finance, …

2. Unplanned occurrences
Some of which may be insurable, related to accident, …

3. External causes
Related to political situations, environment or economic down-turn.

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project

Feasibility and Risk Assessment:
Risk Identification Consequences of a risk range between minimal and traumatic, affecting either:
1. Project outcome and achievement of objectives: the project will fail partly or completely 2. Duration: that is serious time overrun and late completion 3. Cost: Excessive Cost

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project

Feasibility and Risk Assessment:
Risk Identification

Techniques of risk identification:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. History research (hindsight review) Check lists Project simulations Brainstorming Feasibility study

20% Volume Medium and Low Impact 20% Impact. 80% Volume .Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Feasibility and Risk Assessment: Risk Volume and Impact High Impact 80% Impact.

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Feasibility and Risk Assessment: Risk Assessment Risk assessment takes account of: 1. costs and consequences of minimizing or underwriting risks . The nature of possible risks The probability of risk The consequences of risk Means. 3. 2. 4.

it includes alternative tactics and methods to reduce the consequences of trauma during project implementation and quantification of risks and consequences to influence strategic decisions. .Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Feasibility and Risk Assessment: Risk Analysis Risk analysis has greater reliance on logic and more systematic planning.

AND.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Feasibility and Risk Assessment: Risk Analysis Risk evaluation techniques include: 1. 4. PERT. 3. 2. CPM Decision tree Expected value estimation Sensitivity analysis .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Feasibility and Risk Assessment: Risk Analysis Risk Magnitude = (Severity of Impact) 1 minimal × (Probability of Occurrence) 1 not likely 5 10 catastrophic 5 10 highly probable Example: Late delivery of server Severity = 9 (high) Probability = 8 (high) Risk Magnitude = 9 × 8 = 72 .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Feasibility and Risk Assessment: Risk Analysis • Sensitivity Analysis: in project management. sensitivity analysis concentrates on the effect of risk from changes that might occur during project implementation .

3. contingency plans to deal with their consequences. early warning of the danger. Priority 1 risks: Change the strategy to reduce their probability. Priority 3 risks: The cumulative effect of many low impact difficulties. predicting extra-time and extra-budget to cope with complications Priority 2 risks: Minimize the threat in the planning phase by eliminating those that can be removed at moderate cost. 1. Those that cannot be easily eliminated should be dealt with in the contingency plan. can become quite serious 2. .Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Feasibility and Risk Assessment: Risk Elimination It is always cheaper to plan out risks than leave them to be addressed during project implementation.

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Feasibility and Risk Assessment: Risk – Contingency Table • Maintain a running list of problems in a contingency table • Sort by risk magnitude with most severe on top • Focus on those with highest risk magnitude • Review and update the list frequently (continuously) .

develop a contingency table for a project you are currently involved with or are familiar with • Identify five risks to the project description of the risk who is responsible for resolving potential severity of impact probability of occurrence calculate risk magnitude contingency plan date contingency must be in place .Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Feasibility and Risk Assessment: Risk Management .Activity • Using the worksheet in your notebook.

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project FS Case Study ‘The case of the city of KAVALA’ Interreg IIIC “CITY PORTS” project outcome presented in the project meeting held in Bologna June 13th 2005 .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Background Information • City of Kavala is a Level 2 pilot in the CITY PORTS project A Survey has been conducted on the existing situation of the infrastructure and administrative framework and the positions of local stakeholders A Feasibility Study has been conducted regarding the logistics issues on the urban transport network and the possible city logistics solutions for implementation • • .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Greece: the 13 Regions .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project The Kavala Prefecture .

1692/96/EC) – The New Cargo Port – The projected railway connection (New Port) .Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Major Infrastructure Projects – The Egnatia Highway (TEN.

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project The Egnatia Highway (‘Egnatia Odos’) .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project The City of Kavala .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project The City of Kavala .Main Axes .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project The City of Kavala – Panoramic View .

with intense hypsometric differences • Kavala is not ‘stretched out’ and there is an overover-concentration of activities in the city center Geographical limitations in the location of services and trade Main generative factor of the traffic and the traffic congestion .Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Current Situation (1/3) • ‘Special’ terrain morphology of Kavala city: stretched between mountains and coastal line.

Still the Kavala Traffic Police pays more attention to the National Road policing (Egnatia Odos) .Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Current Situation (2/3) • • • The major infrastructure projects (Egnatia Odos. New Port) led to a move of heavy traffic from the city center to the periphery The attractivity of the center has risen for residential activities The Kavala Municipality Police force is not enough for the observation of circulatory regulations on a 24-hour basis.

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Current Situation (3/3) • • • Reorganization of the city logistics patterns is expected to occur in the near future There always is a ‘gap’ between the theoretical approach and the implementation of the Studies suggestions in practice In the end. it is a matter of political decision to implement all necessary regulations and measures .

retailers. which all pose different needs in the city logistic • Residents.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Goods Distribution Issues • The center is characterized by a thorough mix of uses. public utilities and commuters share the same space and thus conflicts occur • The administration is lacking resources for an efficient monitoring and swift reaction .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Necessary Preconditions • Land Use Policies • Parking Policy • Public Transportation System .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Land Use Policies • The traffic situation is directly related to the land uses that need to be designed with environmental friendly urban-planning criteria and then to regularly check their compliance • Reallocation of premises to less dense areas of Kavala should be encouraged • There should be designed freight / service vehicle facilities into building design / planning permissions .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Parking Policy • Parking problem is very critical for Kavala • Expansion of the appliance of controlled parking to other roads of the city center • Construction of more organized parking spaces • Management of the organized parking spaces and guidance of the drivers that are seeking parking spaces .

bus lanes e.c.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Public Transportation System • Poor bus / public transport services in certain areas • Policies to improve public transport (thicken the city coverage in terms of larger number of bus stops and higher density of bus routes. cheaper tickets.t.) • A special transport study should be elaborated .

General • • • • • Public Organizations and Private Companies The stakeholders analysis proved their awareness on the urban freight issues and the necessity to take measures on these A lot of companies take own initiatives to improve the logistics services of their companies Improvement of transport infrastructure in order to introduce city logistics solutions (alternative roads. parking facilities) Lack of urban freight data .Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Stakeholders Analysis .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Stakeholders Analysis .Interviews • All bodies involved in the interviews (100 %) believe that the construction and installation of a logistics center out of the city (with the most appropriate location close to the New Port) would clearly contribute to the improvement of the traffic and transport situation in Kavala .

except only for the means of public transport • Scenario No2: Formation of a ‘combined traffic system’ Circulation of all vehicles in the city center under certain preconditions and strict parking policy • Scenario No3: Formation of ‘sub-centers’ throughout the city with certain connections among them and certain traffic measures .Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Stakeholders Analysis Formulation of Scenarios (1/2) • Scenario No1: Formation of a ‘closed city center’ Traffic prohibition measures for all vehicles in the city center.

57% choose the Scenario No1 (that is the formation of a ‘closed city center’) . while the rest 28.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Stakeholders Analysis Formulation of Scenarios (2/2) • 71.43 % of the bodies/institutions involved in transport and logistic issues select the Scenario No2 (that is the formation of a city with a ‘combined traffic system’).

Municipalities. while assessing the possible locations for technical solutions (e. monitoring cameras) • .) While not every aspect of the distribution issues can be addressed within CITY PORTS.t. e.c. the pilot will serve as a test-bed for the existing regulations and policies.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Approaches to the distribution issues • The change of the situation requires a new environment combining a flexible relationship and cooperation of the affected institutions (Region. Chambers of Commerce and Technical Chamber. Prefecture. Police.g.

S.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Towards the formulation of the solution • Need for identification of the local urban traffic • Get use of a comprehensive G.I. (Geographical Information System) tool available on the Prefecture of Kavala • Preparation of the “environment” to accept new measures on urban freight solutions .

I.S. Observatory (1/2) • The Kavala Prefecture has established a comprehensive G. is now being brought to full use for the purposes of INTERREG III B CADSES CITY PORTS • • .I.I.S. (called G.I.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project The G. within the framework of INTERREG II C TERRA CZM Till today.S.I.S.S. this G. Observatory) has supported the Kavala Prefecture in pin-pointing illegal construction activities and in elaborating a more precise land use plan This G.

S. Observatory (2/2) • The G. Observatory • It will form the core of the envisaged city logistics solutions .Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project The G.S.S. Observatory will be monitoring and evaluating the transport activities (for passengers and commodities) in the Kavala Prefecture • Statistical and qualitative data of transport streams in Kavala will be gathered and integrated into the G.I.I.I.

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Pilot Design / Step 1 Land Use Analysis (G.I. Observatory) This Analysis will be based on the following data: Zoning Regulations Land Use Stakeholders Statements Zones of exceptional goods distribution intensity will be identified (Intensity Zones) .S.

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Zoning Regulations .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Land Use .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Stakeholders (e.g. small retailers) Identifications .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Intensity Zones .

.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Pilot Design /Step 2 Projection and Visualization of Traffic Flows Based on the results of Step 1 (Land Use Analysis) and the existing traffic counts. the flow along street axis will be visualized and verified.

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Traffic Flows Classification .

.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Pilot Design /Step 3 Projection and Visualization of Traffic Regulations Existing regulations will be introduced to the system and compared to the existing and modeled zones of interest.

parking permissions) .g.Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Traffic Regulations (e.

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Pilot Design / Step 4 Development of Scenarios The results of Steps 1 to 3 will be used for testing different scenarios along the lines of the designed city development Taking in account the limited resources of the authorities. it will be possible to select the location of regulations and technical equipment to ensure maximum impact and optimal use of the means available .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Regulations Assessment. Definition of Zones and Urgency of Action .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Expected Benefits & Results (1/2) • • • • • Time saved in terms of average journey time (reduction) and average traffic speed (increase) Overall reduction of traffic in the Kavala city centre Quality improvement of the transport systems and the transport infrastructure in general Environmental impact in terms of decreased pollution Employment: Jobs created or safeguarded as a result of supported transport projects .

Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Expected Benefits & Results (2/2) • • • • A practical and valuable tool for the decision makers Justification for further actions Establishment of links between the different public bodies Better cooperation between transport operators (public and private) and public authorities Improvement of traffic and transport situation in the city • .

it +39 051 6396546 .Italy – Turkey Bilateral Cooperation Project Thanks for your attention For any question do not hesitate to contact me Donato Pulacchini Head of ERVET PPP unit and team work coordinator for Technical Assistance under Emilia Romagna ERDF SPD 2000-2006 dpulacchini@ervet.