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Chemistry111

Chapters5,6and11Exam(SolidsandLiquidsandGases!Oh,My!)

Name:_________________________________________________________ 1. A sample of N2 gas occupies 2.40 L at 20C. If the gas is in a container that can contract or expand at constant pressure, at what temperature will the N2 occupy 4.80 L? Show your work. A) 10C B) 40C C) 146C D) 313C E) 685C

2. A small bubble rises from the bottom of a lake, where the temperature and pressure are 4C and 3.0 atm, to the water's surface, where the temperature is 25C and the pressure is 0.95 atm. Calculate the final volume of the bubble if its initial volume was 2.1 mL. Show your work. A) 0.72 mL B) 6.2 mL C) 41.4 mL D) 22.4 mL E) 7.1 mL

3. A 1.2 L flask contains 0.500 mole of ammonia (NH3) at 150C. Calculate the pressure of the ammonia inside the flask. Show your work. A) 6.91 x 102 atm B) 5.13 atm C) 12.2 atm D) 14.5 atm E) 22.4 atm

4. A gaseous compound is 30.4% nitrogen and 69.6% oxygen by mass. A 5.25-g sample of the gas occupies a volume of 1.00 L and exerts a pressure of 1.26 atm at 4.0C. Which of these choices is its molecular formula? Show your work. A) NO B) NO2 C) N3O6 D) N2O4 E) N2O5

Chemistry111

Chapters5,6and11Exam(SolidsandLiquidsandGases!Oh,My!)

5. How many liters of chlorine gas at 25C and 0.950 atm can be produced by the reaction of 12.0 g of MnO2 with excess HCl(aq) according to the following chemical equation? Show your work. MnO2(s) + 4HCl(aq) MnCl2(aq) + 2H2O(l) + Cl2(g) -3 A) 5.36 x 10 L B) 0.138 L C) 0.282 L D) 3.09 L E) 3.55 L

6. The molecules of different samples of an ideal gas have the same average kinetic energies, at the same A) pressure. B) temperature. C) volume. D) density. 7. Samples of the following volatile liquids are opened simultaneously at one end of a room. If you are standing at the opposite end of this room, which species would you smell first? (Assume that your nose is equally sensitive to all these species.) A) ethyl acetate (CH3COOC2H5) B) camphor (C10H16O) C) diethyl ether (C2H5OC2H5) D) naphthalene (C10H8) E) pentanethiol (C5H11SH) 8. Explain why

9. Calculate the amount of heat that must be absorbed by 10.0 g of ice at 20C to convert it to liquid water at 60.0C. Show your work. Given: specific heat (ice) = 2.1 J/gC; specific heat (water) = 4.18 J/gC, Hfus = 6.0 kJ/mol. A) 420 J B) 2,900 J C) 6,300 J D) 63 kJ E) 7.5 J Give the signs of E, q and w for the following processes: 10. A gas is compressed quickly (no heat flow to surroundings, i.e. adiabatically). 11. A gas expands slowly so that its temperature remains constant. 12. A gas is heated and allowed to expand until it reaches its initial temperature
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Chemistry111

Chapters5,6and11Exam(SolidsandLiquidsandGases!Oh,My!)

Identify the dominant (strongest) type of intermolecular force present in the following molecules 13. RbCl(s) 14. H2S(g) 15. NH3(l) 16. Cl2(l) 17. Each of the following substances is a liquid at 50C. Place these liquids in order of increasing vapor pressure: dimethyl ether (CH3OCH3), propane (C3H8), and ethanol (CH3CH2OH). Justify this order.

18. Use the graph of vapor pressure to determine the normal boiling point of O2.

A) 92 K B) 90 K C) 88 K D) 84 K E) 0 K 19. For the substance described by following phase diagram, describe what happens to the substance as its temperature is decreased from 100C to 10C at a constant pressure of 1 atm. Draw a line on the phase diagram that represents this description.

Chemistry111

Chapters5,6and11Exam(SolidsandLiquidsandGases!Oh,My!)

20. The complete combustion of methane yields carbon dioxide and water vapor. Find the enthalpy of the reaction using standard enthalpies of formation from Table 6.2 (page 250) and Appendix C (A-8). Show your work.

21. The complete combustion of methane yields carbon dioxide and water vapor. Find the enthalpy of the reaction using average bond enthalpies from Table 9.5 (page 367). Show your work.

22. What is the sign of the enthalpy of the reaction? Why does this make sense?

23. How do the enthalpies you calculated by two different methods compare. Why might they be different?