You are on page 1of 6

# Electrical Engineering and Automation

December 2012, Volume 1, Issue 1, PP.11-16

Effect of Slot Opening on Eddy Current of
Permanent Magnet in Surface Mount Type
Permanent Magnetic Synchronous Motor
Chengning Zhang 1, Xiaopeng Wu 1#, Yugang Dong 2
1. National Engineering Laboratory for Electric Vehicle, Beijing 100081, China
2. National Engineering Laboratory for Electric Vehicle, Beijing 100081, China
#Email:3120100189@bit.edu.cn

Abstract
Analytic method and finite element method (FEM) are adopted to analyze the effect of slot opening on eddy current loss of
permanent magnet in Permanent Magnetic Synchronous Motor (PMSM) applied on electric vehicle; Analytic method, which
introduces a parameter considering width of stator slot, is used to determine this influence qualitatively, A 2D finite element model,
which references to an existing 200kw PMSM, is built to calculate the eddy current loss by time-stepping finite element method.
The results indicate that eddy current of permanent magnet declines with the decreasing of slot opening, providing the theoretical
basis for design of PMSM applied on electric vehicle.
Keywords: Eddy Current Loss of Permanent Magnet; Slot Opening; Analytic Method; Finite Element Method; PMSM

1.

2.

*

；受广东省教育部产学研结合项目支持资助（2011A090200077）
- 11 http://www.ivypub.org/eea

1 解析法分析模型

200

4300

444

500

8000

H 级（工作温度 180℃）

PMSM 空载运行工况下磁极内的涡流损耗的变化规律。为考虑不同槽口宽度对气隙磁导的影响，这里，引入

+ 𝛬0 𝑘𝑠

𝛬𝑔 [cos2(𝜃𝑍 + α)]

- 12 http://www.ivypub.org/eea 𝐹𝑚𝑎𝑔

= 𝐻𝑐 ℎ𝑚

（1）

Λ = μ0 /δ

（2）

μ0 —空气磁导率；

δ—电机气隙长度。

Λ(𝜃, 𝑡) = 𝛬0 + 𝛬𝑔 + 𝑘𝑠 𝛬𝑔 [cos2(𝜃𝑍 + α) − 1]

（3） 𝐹𝑎

(𝜃, 𝑡) = ∑∞𝑖=1 𝐹𝑖 ∙ sin(𝑖 ∙ 𝜃𝑃 )

（4）

Λg —气隙磁导波动分量最大幅值；

θZ = Z ∙ θ —为定子齿空间位置角，相对于中心线的角位移；

α = ωZ t =

2πZn
60

t —定子相对于转子的角位移；

Z—PMSM 定子齿数；

ωZ —定子齿相对于转子的角速度；
n—PMSM 同步转速；

Fi —永磁体磁势各次谐波分量的幅值；
i—奇数。

(𝜃, 𝑡) = 𝐹𝑎 (𝜃, 𝑡) ∙ Λ(𝜃, 𝑡) =
∑∞ 𝐹

sin(𝑖
∙ 𝜃 𝑃

) ∙ 〖{𝛬〗0 + 𝛬𝑔 + 𝑘𝑠 𝛬𝑔 [cos2(𝜃𝑍 + α) − 1]� 𝑖
=1 𝑖
= ∑∞ 𝑖
=1 𝐹𝑖 ∙ sin(𝑖 ∙ 𝜃𝑃 ) ∙ �𝛬0 + 𝛬𝑔 + 𝑘𝑠 𝛬𝑔 �
1
+ ∑∞ 𝑖
=1 𝐹𝑖 ∙ sin(𝑖 ∙ 𝜃𝑃 ) ∙ 𝛬0 ∙ 𝛬 𝑘𝑠 𝛬𝑔 [cos2(𝜃𝑍 + α)]
0

= ∑𝑖=1 𝐹𝑖 ∙ sin(𝑖 ∙ 𝜃𝑃 ) ∙ �𝛬0 + 𝛬𝑔 + 𝑘𝑠 𝛬𝑔 �
+ ∑∞ 𝑖
=1 𝐵𝑖 ∙ sin(𝑖 ∙ 𝜃𝑃 ) ∙ 𝑘𝑠 ∙ 𝜆𝑔 ∙ [cos2(𝜃𝑍 + α)]

（5）

Baf (θ, t)。 𝐵𝑎𝑓

(𝜃,𝑡)=∑∞ 𝑖
=1 𝐵𝑖 ∙sin(𝑖∙𝜃𝑃 )∙𝑘𝑠 ∙𝜆𝑔 ∙[cos2(𝜃𝑍 +α)]
2𝜋𝑛 𝑡
��
60

=∑∞ 𝑖
=1 𝐵𝑖 ∙𝑠𝑖𝑛(𝑖∙𝑃∙𝜃)∙𝑘𝑠 ∙𝜆𝑔 ∙�𝑐𝑜𝑠2𝑍∙�𝜃+

（6）

λg —磁导波动分量的比磁导；

(𝜃, 𝑡) = ∑∞𝑖=1 𝐽𝑖 ∙ sin(𝑖 ∙ 𝑃 ∙ 𝜃) ∙ 𝑘𝑠 ∙ 𝜆𝑔 ∙ �cos2𝑍 ∙ �𝜃 +

2𝜋𝑛
60 𝑡

+ 𝛾��

（7）

γ—涡流密度相对于磁密的相角；

- 13 http://www.ivypub.org/eea

2 有限元建模与仿真

1 𝐿

2 𝐿

1

PMSM 永磁体内的涡流场分析属于似稳电磁场分析问题，因此不考虑位移电流密度与传导电流密度的影

1 𝜕𝑨 𝜕

1 𝜕𝑨

⎧𝜕𝑥 �𝜇 𝜕𝑥 � + 𝜕𝑦 �𝜇 𝜕𝑦 � = −𝐽𝑆 − 𝐽𝑀 − 𝐽𝐸
⎪ 𝐴
| = −𝐴 |

𝑳𝟏

⎩ 𝒁

𝑳𝟐 𝐴𝒁

|𝒔 = 𝟎 𝟏

（8） 𝐴𝒁

(𝑥, 𝑦, 𝜏0 ) = 𝐴𝒁𝟎

JS —永磁体等效电流密度；
JE —永磁内的涡流密度；

S—六分之一模型定子外侧边界面；
L—六分之一模型两侧边界面。

= −𝜎 �

−𝐴𝑛−1 𝑡

- 14 http://www.ivypub.org/eea

（9）

1 𝐽

= ∑𝑁 𝑛
=1 |𝐽𝑡𝑛 |

（10） 𝑁

1 𝑝𝑒

= 𝐽2

（ 11 ） 𝜎

= ∫𝑉 𝑝𝑒 𝑑𝑣

（12） 𝑐

3 结果

4300rpm

8000rpm

2.5

2.49

0.6164

5.552

0.6583

3.2

2.489

0.68

5.521

0.8034

4

2.483

0.79

5.483

1.038

5

2.4728

0.9687

5.445

1.4688

6

2.465

1.1944

5.408

2.0364

- 15 http://www.ivypub.org/eea

2.5
2
1.5

kw

1

4300rpm

0.5
0
2.5

3.2

4

5

6

4 总结

REFERENCES
[1] Z. Q. Zhu, Ng. K. Schofield, D. Howe. Analytical Prediction of Rotor Eddy Current Loss in Brushless Machines Equipped with
Surface-Mounted Permanent. 5th International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems, ICEMS’2001. Shengyang, China,
2001: 806-809
[2] D. Ishak, Z. Q. Zhu, D. Howe. Eddy-current Loss in the Rotor Magnets of Permanent-magnet Brucshless Machines Having a
Fractional Number of Slots Per Pole. IEEE Trans. Magn. 2005, 41(9): 2462-2469
[3] Y. Kawase, T. Ota, H. Fukunaga. 3-D Eddy Current Analysis in Permanet Magnet of Interrior Permanent Motors. IEEE Trans.
Magn. 2000, 36(4): 1863-1866
[4] Y. X. Xu, J. H. Hu, J. B. Zou. Analytical Calculation of Rotor Eddy Current Loss of Surface-mounted PMSM. Electric Machine
and Control. 2009, 13(1): 63-66
[5] I. Takahashi, T. Koganezawa, G. J. Su. A Super Higher Speed PM Motor Drive System by a Quasi-current Source Inverter. IEEE
Trans. Ind Appl. 1994, 30(3): 683-690
[6] Zhang, Hongliang. Iron Losses and Transient Temperature Field of Permanent Magnetic Synchronous Motor[D]. 2010: 6
[7] S. X. Chen, X. P. Yan, S. Huang, J. Chen. Studying Magnet Eddy Current Loss of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous
Machines. Micromotors. 2011, 44(11): 5-9
[8] Yamazaki K, Shina M, Kanou Y, et al. Effect of eddy current loss reduction by segment of magnets in synchronous motors:
difference between interior and surface type. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 2009, 45(10): 4756-4759

- 16 http://www.ivypub.org/eea