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AN010 701 Computational Fluid Dynamics

Teaching scheme Credits: 4 Module I – Fundamental concepts Introduction, Basic equation of fluid dynamics, incompressible inviscid flows, Mathematical properties of fluid dynamics equation, elliptical, parabolic and hyperbolic equation – discretisation of partial differential equation, Transformations and grids, explicit infinitesimal difference methods of subsonic , supersonic and viscous flows Module II – Panel Methods Introduction, Numerical source panel methods, non lifting flows over arbitrary bodies, vortex panel method, lifting flows over arbitrary bodies, modern low speed aerofoils,other applications, source and vortex panel methods Module III – Discretisation Boundary layer equation and methods of solutions , Implicit time dependant methods for inviscid and viscous compressible flows , concepts of numerical dissipation, stability property of explicit and implicit method, conservative upwind discretisation for hyperbolic system, and further advantages of upwind differencing Module IV – Finite Element Techniques Finite element techniques in CFD, Introduction, Strong and weak formulations of boundary value problem. Strong formulation weighted residual formulation- galerkin formulation weak formulation- variational formulation, piecewise defined shape function, implementation of finite element method- solution procedure. Module V – Finite volume Techniques Cell- centred formulation, Lav- vendroff time stepping , Runge Kutta time stepping, multi stage time stepping, finite difference method like finite volume techniques, central and upwind type disretisation treatment of derivatives.

References: 1. Fletchre C A, “Computational Techniques for fluid dynamics”, Vol I and II, Springer 2. John F Wendt, “Computational fluid dynamics” - An Introduction, springer 3. J D Anderson, “computational fluid dynamics - Mc Graw Hill 4. Amal joy, “Love me idiot”- My heart

New York.. Relative Retardation..F. " Acoustic Emission in Acoustics and Vibrations progress ".. Concepts of light-photo-elastic effects. Magnetic particle inspection. Test Procedure.ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE STRAIN GAUGES Principle of operation and requirements. Interpretation of fringe pattern. Stressed Model in Circular Polariscope. Lingaiah. Module V .. Fibre-optic Sensors. New Delhi. Rosette analysis.AN 010 702 EXPERIMENTAL STRESS ANALYSIS Teaching scheme Credits: 4 . 2. Thermography.. Module II – EXTENSOMETERS Mechanical. J. M.A. Fringe Sharpening and Multiplication by Partial Mirrors Two dimensional photoelasticity.B. strain gauge circuits Grid. " Hand Book of Experimental Stress Analysis ". Radiography. Hetyenyi. Compensation and separation techniques. Temporary Double Refraction. McGraw Hill Inc. 1978..Three Element Rectangular Rosette.. Resin and Ceramic Based Brittle Coating.. G. Torque gauge. W. Calibration and temperature compensation. Fundamentals of brittle coating methods. Accuracy. Optical Acoustical and Electrical extensometers and their uses. Photoelastic materials. K. Stress Gage. 4. ed. Tata McGraw Hill. Stressed Model in Plane Polariscope. " Experimental Stress Analysis ". Dally. semiconductor strain gauges. Eddy current testing. Stress Optic Law. Delta Rosette. Raghava. Module III .Method of Strain Analysis Transducer applications. 3. Fluorescent penetrant technique.W. John Wiley and Sons Inc. Recording instruments for static and dynamic applications. K.. Sensitivity and range of measurements. Effect of Principal Directions.Module I – MEASUREMENTS Principles of measurements. 1984. ultrasonics. Brittle Coating Crack Patterns.Pant B. Light and Dark Field arrangements. New York. and Riley. Srinath. Analysis of Brittle Coating Data. 1972. Advantages and disadvantages.Gargesha. . M. Acoustic Emission Technique.NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING Fundamentation of NDT. Tardy Compensation. Module IV – PHOTOELASTICITY Theory of Photoelasticity: Introduction. Chapman and Hall. and Ramachandra.W. Failure Theories. Properties of Strain Gage Systems. L.S.R. Electrical Resistance strain gauges. Holography. Effect of Principal Stress Difference. Plane Shear Gage Wheatstone bridge and potentiometer circuits for static and dynamic strain measurements. strain indicators. Introdcution to Moire techniques. 1983. Coating Stresses. stress optic law. cross sensitivity. ultrasonic C-Scan. " Experimental Stress Analysis ". Materials for strain gauge... Types and their uses. Pollock A. By Stephens R. Types of Strain Gages. Reference : 1. Introduction to three dimensional photoelasticity.

factors affecting configurationcomparative study of aircrafts-phases of airplane design-conceptual design-preliminary design-detail designseven intellectual pivot points-requirements-weight of airplane-critical performance parameter-configuration layout-better weight estimate-performance analysis-constraint diagram MODULE -2 WEIGHT ESTIMATION Take off weight build up-empty weight estimation-fuel fraction estimation-mission profiles-mission segment weight fractions-SFC.. Published by the author as an 8 volume set. 4.airfoil families. Aircraft Design. Raymer.U. TAKE OFF AND LANDING DISTANCE CALCULATION Wetted area.D.airfoil design-design lift coefficient-aerofoil thickness ratio-airfoil considerationairfoil nomenclature-wing geometry-aspect ratio-taper ratio Peculiarities in layout..approximate weight estimation. Structural features.P. MODULE -3 AEROFOIL AND GEOMETRY SELECTION Airfoil selection-airfoil geometry-airfoil lift and drag. drag.actual weight estimation. loads. . " Synthesis of Subsonic Airplane Design " . AIAA Series.AN 010 703 AIRCRAFT DESIGN Teaching scheme Credits: 4 MODULE -1 INTRODUCTION Literature review-classification based on purpose and configuration.aerodynamic coefficients. sumi is an idiot.E. Operational costs. V-n diagram.fuselage-undercarriage-wing tail-1/4 flap deflection-3/4 flap deflection. Elements of wing design. Torenbeek. 1985-1990.. c) Landing gear design: Loads or Landing gear.Performance analysispower required-rate of climb-range-stalling speed-landing distance-take off distance.Aerodynamic forces. – Problems MODULE -5 DESIGN OF MAJOR AIRPLANE COMPONENTS a) Wing design: Airworthiness requirements. Kuechemann.1986 2.comparative study.D. Pergamon Press. Interactive design MODULE -4 ENGINE SELECTION LANDING GEAR AND SUB SYSTEM SELECTION Introduction. Preliminary landing gear design d) Elements of computer Aided Design References: 1.lift. " Aircraft Conceptual Design " . Designing for manufacturability. Structural features. Roskam. Maintenance.L/D estimation-Take off weight calculation.1978 3. Determination of tailsurface areas.Jet engine thrust consideration-Turbojet installed thrust-comparitive performance study of different types of engines Landing gear arrangements-tyre sizing-shock absorbers-castoring-wheel geometry-gear retraction geometry –seaplanes and sub systems AREA CALCULATION .. Delft University Press. b) Fuselage design: Loads on fuselage.1989.Thrust to weight ratio.K. Elements of fuselage design. " Aerodynamic Design of Aircraft ". J.

the pull-up and pull-down maneuvers . Nelson R C. automatic control. stick brief description of lateral and directional stability. Module II . fundamental parameters: thrust to weight ratio . service and absolute ceilings . the V-n diagram. power required and power available. Module III – Lateral and directional stability Dihedral effect. effect of freeing. modes and stability criterion. landing performance. coupling between rolling and yawing moments. wing loading . brief description of lateral and directional dynamic stability. Perkins C D and Hage R E . accelerated rate of climb. Stability derivatives. aileron reversal. adverse yaw effects. weather cocking effect.Airplane Performance: Steady flight Equation of motion of steady level flight.AN 010 704 Flight Dynamics II Teaching scheme Credits: 4 Module I – Airplane Performance: Accelerated flight Introduction . take off performance. rudder lock. Airplane performance stability and control. 1999 2. Level turn. determination of neutral points. Module V – Dynamic Lateral Stability Lateral Stability equation of a disturbed aircraft. stability derivatives . John D Anderson. characteristic equation of stick fixed case. Reference: 1. thrust requirements. limiting case for large load factor . static directional stability. Wiley 3. One engine in operative condition. Module IV – Dynamic Longitudinal Stability Equations of motion. rudder requirements. Tata Mc Graw Hill . Flight stability and automatic control . effect of reeling . spiral divergence. Tata Mc Graw Hill . Performance and Design. energy concept. minimum velocity: stall and high lift devices. rate of climb . Jr . Dutch roll. spiral divergence. auto rotation and spin. thrust available and the maximum velocity of the airplane. lateral control. Dutch roll. range and endurance . characteristic equation for stick fixed case .

push-pull & torque tube system flight control system hardware. Auto pilot system. Oxygen system & its types. Gyro-horizon indicator. basic radio principles & equipments.H. Aircraft Pressure guage.Brake system: Independent Brake System. Instrument landing system.Basic hydraulic system with hand pump and power pump.Aircraft Systems Hydraulic System:. Pitot static system. Tachometers Mechanical & Electrical. mach indicator . components. Fire protection system. power brake control systems. Lubrication system for piston and Jet engines:. Turn & Bank indicator. classification of shock absorbers. 9A)-The English Book Store New Delhi. (c) Aircraft Electrical Systems E. Gyroscopic inertia & precession. Module V . Module III . Rate –of-limb indicators. wind shield wiper system. Digital fly by wire system.J.Airplane Control System Flight control systems. Gyroscopic instruments.Aircraft Instruments General.Function’s of lubrication system. Components of landing gear system. VHF VOR. starting and ignition systems:-Battery ignition. De icing & anti icing systems.-cable. DME. principle of operation. Pneumatic System:.AN 010 705 Aircraft System And Instrumentation Teaching scheme Credits: 4 Module I . Synchronoscope. Pitman & Co. ELT.Working principle. and its operation. study of typical workable system components.Components and its functions. mechanical linkage & mechanisms. Altimeters.Auxilary Systems Basic Air cycle system. communication & Navigation system. Typical Pneumatic Power System. Magnetic compass. Hydraulic operated control systems.Engine Systems Fuel system for piston & Jet engines:. different types. Radio Altimeter. low tension and High tension ignition systems for piston engines Module II . Computer & recorders. Pallet (IIIrd edition) . Air speed indicator. Angle of attack indicator. References: (a) General Hand books of Airframe and Power Plant Mechanics (AC65-15A . vapour cycle system. Refrigeration cycle.-You are beautiful-amal Module IV. ADF. (b) Pallet EHJ “Aircraft Instruments & Principle”. landing gear retraction systems .

pusher type & puller type. Airfoils for rotor blades. optimum speeds maximum level speed. Momentum theory for hover. IInd edition.Momentum theory. Treatment of stability & Control. Angular velocity disturbance. Blade element theory:-Basic method. ideal twist. Tale rotor design:. Rotor Inertia. cyclic pitch control. Blade mean lift co efficient and tip losses. blade area. Tip speeds. Stability & Control:-Trim. Main rotor design-Diameter. Twist. Module IV . Non-uniform in flow. Dynamic stability.W Prouty. Wailing Hearts. Module VPerformance:Introduction. John Seddon and Simon New man. conditions of flow. rotor controls equivalence of flapping feathering. NOTAR. Movement about vertical.Edge wise rotor. twist maximum pitch.Climbs and descents. Sterling Book House.Aerodynamic Design Blade section design. and Auto Stabilization. hover and vertical flight. Static Stability:. . References: (a) Basic Helicopter Aerodynamics. Inplane H force. yawing disturbance. number of blades. collective pitch control. Blade area. Rotor Aerodynamics in forward flight:. Trim conditions. sideslip disturbance. thrust approximations. hinge less rotor. Vertical auto rotation. Tip shape. Taper. vertical climb and vertical descent. forward level flight. (c) Basic rules to love me by Amal Joy. direction of rotation. climb & descent power. longitudinal and lateral axes. control. Aerodynamic design process.Incidence disturbance.-Control Mechanism’s-Directional control pedals. parasite drag.Blade tip shapes. Accurate Performance Prediction. Tip speed. Articulated rotor head mechanism. Forward speed disturbance. (b) Helicopter Aerodynamics by R. Blade element theory. special cases of hover.Trim. Blade flapping and feathering Velocity distributions. Peculiar airfoils. Module III Rotor mechanism for forward flight:. climb in forward flight. Module II Rotor mechanism in vertical flight:.Diameter. super critical air foils.AN 010 706 L04 Helicopter Aerodynamics Teaching scheme Credits: 4 Module I Helicopter Basics:.Axes of flight. flapping blades. Rear fuselage up sweep.