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Windows XP Installation
Tags: Microsoft Windows xp home edition with s... windows xp Windows Vista operating system
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gurjeet80 April 25, 2010 at 21:02:29 Pacific
Windows Vista

Hello Guys, I installed a trial run of Vista on my comp and now the limited time is over and for continuous use of Windows I need to enter product key (What I don't want to buy). But I have Windows XP installation CD with product key. When I try to run it I can't start as my Vista operating system is blocked. Can you guide me to install XP? Is MS-DOS usful in this case if so, then how?

Can your friends help? Ask!

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Mechanix2Go April 25, 2010 at 21:08:36 Pacific Set BIOS to boot from CD. Put XP CD in drive and reboot. DElete existing partitions, then install.

How to clear an unknown BIOS or CMOS password.
Question
How to clear an unknown BIOS or CMOS password.

Answer
The below steps are for a desktop computer and do not include steps on how to clear a laptop CMOS password. If you encounter a password prompt at boot or the BIOS / CMOS setup is locked as shown below and you do not know the password you will need to clear the BIOS password using the suggestions listed below.

Clear using jumper (recommended) When inside the computer be sure you're aware of the potential damage that can be caused by ESD.

This jumper is often labeled CLEAR.On the computer motherboard locate the BIOS clear / password jumper or dipswitch and change its position. PSWD or PWD as shown in the picture to the right. make sure you're changing the CMOS jumper and not something else. To change the jumper remove it from the two pins its currently on so that it covers the pin that is not covered. 1. 5. By the processor . CLR. For example. Once cleared. CLRPWD. However. below are some general ideas on where to find it. you'd remove the jumper and put it on pins 2 and 3. Under the keyboard or bottom of laptop .While it is possible that the jumpers / dipswitches may not be in a visible location.Some manufactures will place the jumper to clear the CMOS / BIOS password by the actual CMOS battery. PASSWORD. 2. The location of the jumpers or dipswitches are dependent on the manufacturer of the computer and motherboard. 4. Other visible location . By the CMOS battery . Generic passwords Try using generic CMOS passwords. most manufactures try to make things easier by placing the jumpers / dipswitches in another visible location. If these general suggestions do not help refer to your motherboard / computer documentation or skip to the next step. turn the computer off and return the jumper or dipswitch to its original position. PASSWD. Note: many of these generic passwords are no longer used or only used with older computers.If you are working on a laptop computer the location of the dipswitch (almost never a jumper) can be under the keyboard or on the bottom of the laptop in a compartment such as the memory compartment. Once this jumper has been changed. Remember that most motherboards could have dozens of different jumpers. in the picture to the right pins 1 and 2 are covered. On the edge of the motherboard . Use a BIOS password utility .Most jumpers are located on the side of the motherboard for easy accessibility. JCMOS1.Some manufactures will place the jumpers by the processor of the computer. CLEAR CMOS. verify by looking at all visible edges of the motherboard. turn on the computer and the password should be cleared. 3.

To do this locate and remove the CMOS battery on the motherboard for at least five-minutes. After this has been done put the battery back into the computer and turn it back on.There are utilities designed to help bypass CMOS passwords. Remove CMOS battery Removing the CMOS battery like the one shown in the picture to the right will cause the system to loose all CMOS settings including the password. The identification and location of these solder beads can vary and if not available in computer documentation is only obtainable through the computer manufacturer. An example of a great utility to decrypt / bypass BIOS passwords is the PC BIOS Security and Maintenance toolkit. Once the computer has booted turn off the computer and then remove the screwdriver. Generic BIOS password listings. Jump the CMOS solder beads Older computers and especially older laptops don't have jumpers or dipswitches and require the user to jump a pair of solder beads on a circuit board. Additional information  See the CMOS definition for related links and information. . Contact manufacturer If the above solutions do not help or you are unable to locate the jumpers or solder beads. Issue Generic BIOS password listings. If you've identified the solder beads they can be jumped by placing a flat-head screwdriver over the two beads and leaving it on those beads while turning on the computer. it's recommended you contact the computer manufacturer or motherboard manufacturer for the steps on clearing the computer password.

By using a generic BIOS password you may be able to change the password to a different password. With today's computers it is easier to reset the BIOS or CMOS password using a jumper instead of going through and trying all the below passwords. AMI BIOS A. AMI AMI_SW AMI?SW BIOS HEWLITT RAND LKWPETER PASSWORD Oder AWARD BIOS 01322222 589589 589721 595595 598598 aLLy aLLY ALLY ALFAROME aPAf _award AWARD SW AWARD PW AWARD_SW AWARD?SW AWKWARD . it may be necessary to use a generic password to bypass or change the password. Solutions If a BIOS or CMOS password is forgotten in some cases it may be possible to use a generic BIOS password to bypass the unknown password. Below is a listing of generic passwords for each of the major BIOS manufacturers.M.Cause If a password is mistakenly forgotten or set without your knowledge.I.

BIOSTAR CONCAT Condo d8on djonet HLT J64 J256 J262 j332 j322 KDD LKWPETER lkwpeter PINT pint SER SKY_FOX SYXZ TTPTHA ZAAADA ZBAAACA ZJAAADC Russian Award Passwords: % p% % p% IBM APTIVA BIOS Press both mouse buttons repeatedly during the boot PHOENIX BIOS phoenix OTHER BIOS ALFAROME BIOSTAR biostar biosstar CMOS cmos LKWPETER .

Remove added memory If you've recently added or tried to add additional memory to the computer and have started getting these beeps. Cause Computer RAM (memory) related issue. While in the computer it is highly recommend that you be aware of ESD and its potential hazards. Swap memory location . Computer has three short beeps as it starts Question Computer has three short beeps as it starts. Answer Some of the below steps recommend removing physical parts within the computer. Information about ESD and proper grounding techniques are found on our ESD help page.lkwpeter setup SETUP Syxz Wodj SOME COMPUTERS WITH TOSHIBA BIOS Hold down the Shift key as the computer is booting. Remove all new memory you've added to the computer.  What type of computer memory to use in a memory upgrade? Open computer and reseat memory Sometimes when the computer is moved or over time a memory stick can become loose causing the computer to be unable to read the memory or get errors as it's reading it. Try fixing this issue by opening the computer removing each of the memory sticks you have in the computer and then placing them back into the computer. If the computer works fine after removing the new memory you're encountering either an incompatibility or defective new memory.

If you have only one stick of memory in the computer try moving it to another slot and then boot the computer. If this does not resolve the issue try removing that stick of memory and try one of the other sticks of memory. Replace memory If it is determined the memory in the computer is bad we suggest that you replace it. If another computers memory does not work and it is compatible with your computer unfortunately your motherboard or the slots on the motherboard are defective causing it to be unable to properly read the memory.If reseating the memory did not resolve the issue try swapping the location of the memory. If the computer passes the POST the computer will have a single beep (with some computer BIOS manufacturers it may beep twice) as the computer starts and the computer . Computer POST and beep codes Quick links POST ABCs POST troubleshooting AMI BIOS beep codes Award BIOS beep codes IBM BIOS beep codes Macintosh startup tones Phoenix BIOS beep codes Motherboard help POST ABCs The computer power-on self-test (POST) tests the computer to make sure it meets the necessary system requirements and that all hardware is working properly before starting the remainder of the boot process. try using its known good memory in your computer. If another computers memory works you know that you have bad memory. Try another computers memory If you have access to another computer that uses the same memory.   What type of computer memory to use in a memory upgrade? Additional information with installing computer hardware. which means the motherboard will have to be replaced. If you have more than one stick of memory try removing all but one stick of memory and boot the computer.

However. 2 short Description Indicates a video error has occurred and the BIOS cannot initialize the video screen to display any additional information Descriptions DRAM refresh failure Parity circuit failure Base 64K RAM failure System timer failure Process failure Keyboard controller Gate A20 error Virtual mode exception error Display memory Read/Write test failure ROM BIOS checksum failure CMOS shutdown Read/Write error Cache Memory error Conventional/Extended memory failure Display/Retrace test failed . If you're receiving an irregular POST or a beep code not mentioned below follow the POST troubleshooting steps to determine the failing hardware component. the beep codes may vary. because of the wide variety of different computer manufacturers with this BIOS. the computer will either not beep at all or will generate a beep code.  Additional information on the POST and how a computer works? AMI BIOS beep codes Below are the AMI BIOS Beep codes that can occur. 8 short AWARD BIOS beep codes Below are Award BIOS Beep codes that can occur. Beep Code 1 short 2 short 3 short 4 short 5 short 6 short 7 short 8 short 9 short 10 short 11 short 1 long. which tells the user the source of the problem. Beep Code 1 long. 3 short 1 long. However. because of the wide variety of different computer manufacturers with this BIOS. the beep codes may vary. if the computer fails the POST.will continue to start normally. However.

because of the wide variety of models shipping with this BIOS. POST error. Problem with SIMM. . No Power. Logic board problem.07 OR 4.Any other beep(s) RAM problem. Keyboard / Keyboard card error. review screen for error code. Video (EGA) Display Circuitry. No Power. or Short. Phoenix BIOS beep codes Below are the beep codes for Phoenix BIOS Q3. IBM BIOS beep codes Below are general IBM BIOS Beep codes that can occur. the beep codes may vary. (two sets of different tones) Startup tone. Description No Power.X Beep Code Description / What to Check Error Problem with logic board or SCSI bus. Three Long Beeps One Beep. Problem with video controller. computer is ok. or Short. Motherboard issue. Loose Card. However. Blank or Incorrect Display Macintosh startup tones Tones Error Tone. no tone. the BIOS will display a message. High Tone. drive spins. Normal POST. Video Display Circuitry. Loose Card. Loose Card. four higher tones. or Short. If any other correctable hardware issues. Beep Code No Beeps 1 Short Beep 2 Short Beep Continuous Beep Repeating Short Beep One Long and one Short Beep One Long and Two Short Beeps One Long and Three Short Beeps. no video Powers on. Video (Mono/CGA Display Circuitry) issue.

Load alternate registers with initial POST values. Initialize system hardware. Initialize Power Management. Initialize cache to initial POST values. Reinitialize the chipset. Initialize CPU registers. BIOS ROM checksum. Clear 512K base RAM. Reinitialize the cache. Jump to UserPatch0. 8254 timer initialization. Test 512K base memory. Test 512 base address lines. 8237 DMA controller initialization. Set in POST flag. Shadow system BIOS ROM. Get CPU type. Initialize I/O. Test 8742 Keyboard Controller. . Test CPU bus-clock frequency. Configure advanced chipset registers. Initialize chipset registers with initial POST values. Reset Programmable Interrupt Controller.1-1-1-3 1-1-2-1 1-1-2-3 1-1-3-1 1-1-3-2 1-1-3-3 1-1-4-1 1-1-4-3 1-2-1-1 1-2-1-2 1-2-1-3 1-2-2-1 1-2-2-3 1-2-3-1 1-2-3-3 1-2-4-1 1-3-1-1 1-3-1-3 1-3-2-1 1-3-3-1 1-3-3-3 1-3-4-1 1-3-4-3 1-4-1-3 1-4-2-4 1-4-3-1 1-4-3-2 1-4-3-3 1-4-4-1 Verify Real Mode. Set ES segment to register to 4 GB. Test DRAM refresh. Initialize keyboard controller. Autosize cache. 28 Autosize DRAM.

Initialize interrupt vectors. Configure advanced cache registers. . Enable external and CPU caches. Check for configuration errors. Display CPU type and speed. Check ROM copyright notice. Test extended memory address lines. 56 Enable keyboard. Jump to UserPatch1.1-4-4-2 2-1-1-1 2-1-1-3 2-1-2-1 2-1-2-3 2-1-2-4 2-1-3-1 2-1-3-2 2-1-3-3 2-1-4-1 2-1-4-3 2-2-1-1 2-2-1-3 2-2-2-1 2-2-2-3 2-2-3-1 2-2-3-3 2-2-4-1 2-3-1-1 2-3-1-3 2-3-2-1 2-3-2-3 2-3-3-1 2-3-3-3 2-3-4-1 2-3-4-3 2-4-1-1 2-4-1-3 2-4-2-1 Load alternate registers with CMOS values. Display shadow message. Initialize all video adapters in system. Test keyboard. Test RAM between 512 and 640k. Initialize PCI bus and devices. Test expanded memory. Initialize BIOS interrupts. Check video configuration against CMOS. Display prompt Press F2 to enter SETUP. Display error messages. Display copyright notice. Set key click if enabled. Display external cache size. Set Initial CPU speed. Shadow video BIOS ROM. Test real-time clock. Initialize manager for PCI Options ROMs. Display non-disposable segments. Test for unexpected interrupts.

Test coprocessor if present. Clear in-POST flag. Shadow option ROMs. Re-initialize onboard I/O ports. Set up Power Management. Detect and install external RS232 ports. Initialize hard-disk controller. Clear huge ES segment register. Enable hardware interrupts. . Erase F2 prompt. Check key lock. Jump to UserPatch2. Initialize local-bus hard-disk controller. Disable onboard I/O ports. Check for errors POST done--prepare to boot operating system. Enter SETUP. One beep. Scan for F2 key stroke. Detect and install external parallel ports. Search for option ROMs. Disable A20 address line. Initialize BIOS Data Area. Check password (optional). Initialize floppy controller. Initialize Extended BIOS Data Area. Set time of day.2-4-2-3 2-4-4-1 2-4-4-3 3-1-1-1 3-1-1-3 3-1-2-1 3-1-2-3 3-1-3-1 3-1-3-3 3-1-4-1 3-2-1-1 3-2-1-2 3-2-1-3 3-2-2-1 3-2-2-3 3-2-3-1 3-2-3-3 3-2-4-1 3-2-4-3 3-3-1-1 3-3-1-3 3-3-3-1 3-3-3-3 3-3-4-1 3-3-4-3 3-4-1-1 3-4-1-3 3-4-2-1 3-4-2-3 Check for keyboard errors Set up hardware interrupts vectors.

Initialize option ROM error. Clear screen (optional).3-4-3-1 3-4-4-1 3-4-4-3 3-4-4-4 4-1-1-1 4-2-1-1 4-2-1-3 4-2-2-1 4-2-2-3 4-2-3-1 4-2-3-3 4-2-4-1 4-3-1-3 4-3-1-4 4-3-2-1 4-3-2-2 4-3-2-3 4-3-2-4 4-3-3-1 4-3-3-2 4-3-3-3 4-3-3-4 4-3-4-1 4-3-4-2 4-3-4-3 Clear global descriptor table. Check virus and backup reminders. Initialize the chipset. Extended Block Move. Read in bootstrap code. Try to boot with INT 19. Initialize interrupt controller. Boot the Flash program. Shutdown error. Initialize refresh counter. Unknown interrupt error. Interrupt handler error. Do a complete RAM test. BIOS ROM is OK. Boot code was read OK. Check for Forced Flash. How can I reset CMOS / BIOS settings? Question . Check HW status of ROM. Pending interrupt error. Do OEM initialization. Initialize the boot device. Clear parity checkers. Initialize all vectors. Shutdown 10 error.

across the top of the screen you can get to this setting by using the right arrow to move over to Advanced and under Advanced arrow down to Reset Configuration Data and changing the value from Disabled or No to Enabled or Yes. for example. F9. F11.. Reset Configuration Data In addition to restoring the system defaults if you've recently added new hardware or resetting the default values did not help resolve your boot issues you may also want to reset the configuration data. Other setups may actually list an option that you can arrow over to using the arrow keys and press Enter. Enter CMOS setup. 3. 2. or you're having other abnormal system behaviors that cannot be resolved though any other method it may be necessary to reset the CMOS settings or load the default or fail-safe defaults as explained below. In PnP/PCI Configurations . F6.How can I reset CMOS / BIOS settings? Answer If your computer is having issues booting. With many CMOS setup screens there will be a function key to do this. Once the above has been done press the F10 key and save and exit CMOS setup. Once the default values have been set make sure to Save and Exit and not just exit. or F12 key like shown in the picture to the right. Note: Not all CMOS setup screens will have this feature.. Load / Reset defaults 1. When found and selected you'll likely be asked if you're sure you wish to load the defaults press Y for yes or arrow to the yes option. after adding hardware is running into issues. Under advanced If you're working on a computer with a Phoenix BIOS that has Main ..Security ..Advanced . has errors during boot. the F5. 4. In CMOS setup look for an option to reset the CMOS values to the default setting or an option to load the fail-safe defaults.

Removing the CMOS battery like the one shown in the picture to the right will cause the system to loose all CMOS settings including the password. If your computer does not have a CMOS battery or you're unable to find it you'll need to do a hard reset on the CMOS using a jumper or dipswitch on the motherboard. Within the PnP/PCI Configurations change the Reset Configuration Data from Disabled to Enabled. Information on finding these can be found through your computer or motherboard documentation. Hard reset the CMOS When inside your computer make sure you're aware of ESD and all it's potential dangers. Once the above has been done press the F10 key and save and exit CMOS setup. After this has been done put the battery back into the computer and turn it back on.If you're working with a Phoenix BIOS that has several different options and one of them is PnP/PCI Configuration move the cursor down to this option and press Enter. If the above steps do not reset the CMOS settings we suggest removing the CMOS battery for 5 minutes causing the computer to forget all settings. BIOS . Additional information  See the BIOS and CMOS definitions for further information and related links. To do this locate and remove the CMOS battery on the motherboard for at least five-minutes.

Short for Basic Input/Output System.     How to enter the BIOS or CMOS setup. BIOS / CMOS Setup .Configuration program that allows you to configure hardware settings including system settings such as computer passwords. In most PCs. Motherboard definitions. POST . Also see: ACPI. Bootstrap Loader . ensuring hardware is properly functioning before starting process of loading operating system. PROM. 2.Process of locating the operating system. 4. BIOS . the BIOS or System BIOS is a chip located on all computer motherboards that contains instructions and setup for how your system should boot and how it operates. In the picture to the right. EFI.Test computer hardware. Additional information and help with BIOS updates. The BIOS includes instructions on how to load basic computer hardware and includes a test referred to as a POST (Power On Self Test) that helps verify the computer meets requirements to boot up properly. 3. Firmware. time. 1. When running DOS or Windows you are using complete BIOS support. Flash BIOS. Additional information on the POST can be found on our POST and Beep Codes page. and date. If the computer does not pass the POST. you will receive a combination of beeps indicating what is malfunctioning within the computer. How to clear an unknown BIOS or CMOS password. BIOS shadow. UEFI What is the difference between BIOS and CMOS? Question . Complete computer BIOS help and support. If capable operating system located.Software and drivers that interface between the operating system and your hardware. BIOS will pass the control to it. CMOS. BPB. is an example of what a BIOS chip may look like in your computer. the BIOS has 4 main functions as mentioned below.

What is the difference between BIOS and CMOS? Answer Often the BIOS and CMOS can be confused because instructions may either indicate to enter the BIOS Setup or the CMOS Setup. we suggest you only refer to the setup as "CMOS Setup" as it is more appropriate. Additional information   How to enter the BIOS or CMOS setup. and date Question How to find the BIOS type. . Computer Hope often refers to the setup as BIOS and CMOS Setup to help users who are looking for one instead of the other. Answer If you want to determine which BIOS you have and which version it is. See the BIOS and CMOS definitions for further information and related links. there are several ways of finding this information. The BIOS on the motherboard contains the instructions on how the computer boots and is only modified or updated with BIOS updates. the BIOS and CMOS on the motherboard are not. and date. version. version. Although the setup for BIOS and CMOS is the same. Although the setup is often referred to as the BIOS and CMOS setup. If you have already read the above BIOS and CMOS definition links you should now know that the BIOS and CMOS are two different components on the motherboard. the CMOS is powered by a CMOS battery and contains your system settings and is modified and changed by entering the CMOS Setup. How to find the BIOS type.

View BIOS information at POST Through Windows System Information In the Windows Registry Finding BIOS date through debug routine View BIOS information at POST The first way is by restarting your computer. long enough for you to find the BIOS information. Through Windows System Information . To help with load times or to display a company logo this screen may not be viewable. When the initial load (also called POST) screen is displayed. It is also at this screen where you could access the BIOS Setup itself for more information on the hardware on your computer and the various BIOS and hardware settings currently available. you may be able to press the Pause/Break key on your keyboard to stop the computer at that screen. the BIOS type and version is also displayed. You will also see information on what hard drive(s) and CD/DVD drives may be installed in your computer. The BIOS information is typically found at or near the top of the POST screen. If the load screen is displayed for only a few seconds. If this is the case try the below alternate resolutions.

This area is a bit more dangerous to navigate around. as you can change values that could affect how Windows operates.0 with a Date of 11/5/2008. This will open the System Information window.The BIOS information is also shown through the Windows System Information. As can be seen in the below picture. . System Tools. this computer has a DELL BIOS version 1.0. To open this tool click START. and then System Information. Programs. displaying information about your computer. under the System Summary section. including the type of BIOS you have and the version. So be careful if you choose to use this option to view your BIOS information. Accessories. In the Windows Registry You can also find BIOS information in the Windows System Registry. type System Information in the Start search box. If you're running Windows Vista or Windows 7.

click START and in the Run or Search box type regedit in the text field and press enter.d FFFF:5 L 8 After typing the above command. Additional information  See our BIOS definition for additional information and related links. As can be seen in the below picture. the BIOS date and version are shown in these two keys. HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\HARDWARE\DESCRIPTION\System Find the subkeys SystemBiosDate and SystemBiosVersion to see the BIOS and version for your motherboard. as shown below.To access the System Registry. Finding BIOS date through debug routine Earlier computers that do not have access to the above tools can also use the MS-DOS and Windows command line debug command to view the BIOS date. FFFF:0000 30 34 2F-33 30 2F 39 38 4/30/98 The 4/30/98 would be the date of your computer BIOS. In the Windows Registry navigate to the below registry directory. debug . At the C:\> type the below commands. . you should receive a string similar to the below example.

 Listing of BIOS manufacturers. =================== .