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Journal of Modern Agriculture

January 2013, Volume 2, Issue 1, PP.13-20

An Elastic-Plastic Model for Two Contact
Rough Surfaces
Hongliang Tian#, Dalin Zhu, Hongling Qin
College of Mechanical and Material Engineering, China Three Gorges University, Yichang, China 443002
# Email:thl19732003@yahoo.com.cn
Abstract
The individual asperity spherical platform volume is conserved and its shape is not distorted during plastic deformation. A plastic
universal solution was derived based on spherical platform volume conservation when two asperities plastically contact. GW dry
contact elastic model and the surface microgeometry model of purely plastic contact are two limiting cases of the plastic general
solution. The plastic ordinary solution depends not only the total interference but also on the interference history-critical elastic
interference, which is in accordance with Levy-Mises equation. GW dry contact model underestimates the contact area. The
plasticity index was given here that distinguishes from that of GW dry contact elastic model.
Key words: GW Dry Contact Model; Levy-Mises Equation; Interference History; Spherical Platform Volume Conservation
Model

*

1 GW 干接触模型的 6 个缺陷

*

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Williamson[13]针对这种凹凸表面基于半球赫兹正应力首次开创性地里程碑式地提出了概率统计的接触模型，史称 GW 干接触

φ *( s ) 与 φ ( z ) 间的关系；③使用积分 2 阶变系数微分方程渐近展开

④最大的缺陷是没有考虑单峰的塑性变形，这是因为渐近展开式法[14]会引入误差，蒙特卡洛法不适合计算小概率问题[15]。

2

Pe 作用下产生法向变形量 w，使弹性球体的形状由虚线变为实线。实际接触区是以 a 为半径的圆，而不是以 e 为半

P

R

o

R p2

z2
z1

o2

A1
z1

A

w1
w2

Rp

Pe
w  Rp

w

o2

p2

P

z2

a a

1

1

o1

(a) 两球体单峰接触无变形

(b) 两球体单峰接触有变形

[18-19]

E′

e

w

Rp

o1 A2
2a

Rp

(c) 等效球体单峰与刚性平面的接触

w=

π 2 q02

Rp

4 E ′2

(1)

a = Rp w

(2)

Ae = π Rp w

(3)

Pe =

4
E ′ Rp w1.5
3

(4)

w = Rp

e 2 =(2 Rp − w) w ≈ 2 Rp w
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(5)

P

ys

h

d

z

w

3

q0 = KH

(6)

=
K 0.454 + 0.41µ 为最大接触压应力系数； µ 为较软材料的泊松比；H 为较软材料的硬度。

π 2K 2H 2

wc =

1
E′

=

4 E ′2

Rp

(7)

1 − µ12 1 − µ 22

+
E1
E2

O

d

φ ( z)

d + wc + wp z
d + wc
w
= wc + wp

=
υV
=
υd

1 − 2µ
(σ 1 + σ 2 + σ 3 ) 2
6E

1+ µ
[(σ 1 − σ 2 ) 2 + (σ 2 − σ 3 ) 2 + (σ 3 − σ 1 ) 2 ]
6E

=
υV

2σ x − σ y − σ z
3

， σ2 =

(8)

2σ y − σ z − σ x
3

， σ3 =

σx +σ y +σz
3
2σ z − σ x − σ y
3

，σ2 =

(9)

σx +σ y +σz
3

，σ3 =

σx +σ y +σz
3

1 − 2µ
(σ x + σ y + σ z ) 2 ≥ 0 ，当 σ x + σ y + σ z ≠ 0 时单元体的弹性体积改变，而不会产生塑性体积改变； υd = 0 ，单元体
6E

=
υd

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1+ µ
[(σ x − σ y ) 2 + (σ y − σ z ) 2 + (σ z − σ x ) 2 ] ，
6E

σ=
σ=
σz
x
y

σ=
σz
υd = 0 ，单元体的形状不改变。塑性变形仅由应力偏量所引起。当 σ=
x
y

2b
2a
2ac

w

h
hc

wc

E
Bc

wp

P

Cc

O R
Rc

Op

D

A

Rp

ac2 = Rp wc

(10)

hc = K1 w

(11)

b 2= (2 Rp − hc − wc )(hc + wc )

hc + wc = Rp

2 Rp ( K1 w + wc )

(12)

π

Vc
=

6

hc (3ac2 + 3b 2 + hc2 )

(13)

=
Vc

π
6

K1 w[3Rp wc + 6 Rp ( K1 w + wc ) + K12 w2 ]

(14)

h = hc − wp = hc − ( w − wc ) = K1 w − w + wc

V
=

π

(15)

h(3a 2 + 3b 2 + h 2 )

(16)

( K1 w − w + wc )[3a 2 + 6 Rp ( K1 w + wc ) + ( K1 w − w + wc ) 2 ]

(17)

6

=
V

π
6

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 
w 
w  w 
K 2 − c  + 2 c 1 − c  +
wc  1 
w
w
w
K1 − 1 +
w
3
 3 
w   w 
 K1 −  K1 − 1 + c  

w   3Rp 


Rp w

=
a2

(18)

a2

w = wc

= Rp wc

(19)

 
w 
w  w
K 2 − c  + 2 c 1 − c
wc  1 
w
w
w
K1 − 1 +
w
3
 3 
wc   w  w= Rp
 K1 −  K1 − 1 +  
 ≈
w   3Rp 


w 
w  w 

K1  2 − c  + 2 c 1 − c  w≥ w
w
w
w c
≥ Rp w
Rp w 
wc
K1 − 1 +
w

=
a2

Rp w

+

(20)

2
apu
= e 2 ≈ 2 Rp w

(21)

w

K1  2 − c
w

wc  wc 

 + 2 w 1 − w  w≥ wc

 < 2 ⇒ K > 2  w − wc 

1
wc
 wc w 
K1 − 1 +
w

(22)

w 
w  w 

K1  2 − c  + 2 c 1 − c 
w
w
w

=
a 2 ≈ lim Rp w 
K1 →+∞
w
(23)
K1 − 1 + c
w
w ≥ wc

Rp (2 w − wc ) ∈ [ Rp wc , 2 Rp w)

=
Ap π=
a 2 π Rp (2 w − wc )

(24)

Pp= π Rp (2 w − wc )q0= π Rp KH (2 w − wc )

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(25)

2
σ=
σ s2 +

0.0003717
η 2 Rp2

(26)

=
β η Rpσ > 0.0193

(27)

d + wc

h*− ys* + wc*

d

h*− ys*

=
Ae* (h*) πη
=
Rp ∫
wφ ( z ) d z πβ ∫

w * φ * ( z*) d z *

(28)

Ap* (h*)
= πη Rp ∫

+∞

d + wc

πβ ∫

+∞

(2 w − wc )φ ( z ) d =
z

(2 w * − wc* )φ *( z*) d z *

h*− ys* + wc*

(29)

d + wc
4
=
η Rp ∫
w1.5φ ( z ) d z
d
3

=
Pe* (h*)
4
σ
β
3
Rp

h*− ys* + wc*

h*− ys*

(30)

w *1.5 φ * ( z*) d z *

H +∞
(2 w − wc )φ=
( z) d z
E ′ ∫d + wc

*
P
=
πη Rp K
p ( h*)

πβ K

h

σ

， z* =

z

σ

H +∞
(2 w * − wc* )φ * ( z*) d z *
*
*
E ′ ∫h*− ys + wc

(31)

， φ * ( z*) = σφ (σ z*)

(7)、式(26)可得塑性指数为

=
ψ

σs
2E ′
=
wc π KH

σ
Rp

4

1−

0.0003717

β2

(32)

carbon 表面 1 的 E1 = 24 GPa，µ1 = 0.21 ，

SiC 表面 2 的 E2 = 393 GPa，µ 2 = 0.19 ，

H 2 = 25 GPa。 K carbon = 0.5401 ， KSiC = 0.5319 ， K = 0.5319 ， H = 1 GPa。塑性指数见表 1。当塑性指数ψ < 0.6 时，属

σ / Rp

β

ψ

0.0000831

0.0193

0.0554

0.0000875

0.0302

0.2323

0.00012

0.0325

0.2782

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4

0.00016

0.0339

0.3247

0.0002

0.0374

0.3706

0.000248

0.0401

0.4174

0.00177

0.0601

1.159

0.00184

0.073

6.8264

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【作者简介】
1

3

Email: thl19732003@yahoo.com.cn

2

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