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ACTIFLO

TM
Wastewater and Stormwater
Introduction
The Actiflo
TM
process is a compact, conventional-type clarification system
that utilizes microsand as a seed for floc formation. The microsand
provides surface area that enhances flocculation and acts as a ballast or
weight. The resulting sand ballasted floc dispaly unique settling
characteristics, which allow for clarifier designs with high overflow rates
and short retention times. These designs result in system footprints that
are between 5 and 50 times smaller than conventional clarification
systems of similar capacity.
Carateristics
Response time
Inert microsand is always present in the injection and maturation basins
and is available to respond immediately once the reactants are added. It
is therefore the ideal system for dealing with storm flows, which by their
nature occur very suddently.
Effluent consistency
Independent of suspended solids loading, the treated effluent
characteristics remain almost constant.
Sludge treatability
The good settleability of the sludge allows it to be thickened and
dewatered easily.
Savings
Microsand and vigorous mixing considerably reduce flocculation time
and consequently the overall footprint of the mixing and flocculation
chambers. High up flow velocities (80-120 m/h) produce compact
installations and low civil costs, ideal for upgrading existing plants.
Efficient use of chemical dosages produces an important reduction in
operation costs.
Stability and flexibility
Changes in raw water characteristics (turbidity, color, temperature and
total suspended solids (TSS)) do not significantly affect the clarified
effluent quality. The process will accept wide spreads in suspended solids
and flow rate (from 0% to 100% in a few minutes) with no effect on
effluent quality. The stability of the process simplifies its operation.
Water of superior quality
The coagulation/flocculation phase produces a clarified water of
superior quality under all raw water conditions.
Typical performance
Parameter
TSS
BOD (Total)
Total P
COD
Metals
Fecal Coliform
TKN
Percent reduction
90 - 95 %
50 - 80 %
80 - 95 %
50 - 70 %
50 - 90 %
85 - 95 %
10 - 40 %
ACTIFLO
TM
for wastewater treatment
Chemical coagulant isaddedtotherawwastewater tocoagulatesolublesubstancesandtodestabilize
suspendedsolidsandcolloidal matter (coagulation) intheinfluent stream. Thecoagulatedwater then
passesintoaninjectionchamber, wheremicrosandisadded. Theflocisfixedtothemicrosandwith
thepolymer inthematurationchamber, whereit acquiresweight andvolume. Finally, theflocculated
water passesthroughthelamellar clarifier, wheretheballastedflocsettlesandclarifiedwater
overflows.
Settledsludge, loadedwithmicrosand, iscontinuouslypumpedformthebottomof theclarifier and
recycledthroughhydrocyclones, wherethemicrosandisseparatedfromthesludge. Theseparated
sludgeissent towasteandthemicrosandisrecycledbacktotheprocess.
Process description
ACTIFLO
TM
mobil demonstration unit







Applications
Wastewater
TheActiflo
TM
processcanbeusedasaprimaryclarifier for wastewater
treatment inmost municipal andindustrial applications. Downstream
fromtheActiflo
TM
, thetreatedwater canbedischargedtotheriver or
sent for additional biological treatment.
Filter backwash water
Becauseof itscapacitytostart andstopveryquicklywithout disturbing
thetreatedwater quality, Actiflo
TM
hasproventobeveryefficient for
backwashwater clarification.
Combined sewer overflow (CSO)
Stormwater oftenupsetswastewater treatment plants(WWTP) asit
createspeak flows, causingplantstobypassmost of theincomming
hydraulicsurge. WithActiflo
TM
, WWTP’scannowtreat stormflowsas
theyoccur. Itscompactnessandquickstart-upmakeActiflo
TM
particularlywell suitedfor thisapplication. Indryweather, Actiflo
TM
revertstotertiarytreatment for thepolishingof secondaryeffluent.
Tertiary treatment
Whether it isusedfor suspendedsolids, color or phosphorus
abatement, Actiflo
TM
canmeet or exceedveryhighwater qualitystan-
dardswithremoval ratesusuallyinexcessof 90%. Itsoverall efficiency
andcompactnesswill leadtoActiflo
TM
replacingtertiaryfilters.
Denmark
Krüger A/S
Tel: +4539690222
Fax: +4539690806
kruger@kruger.dk
www.kruger.dk
Sweden
I. Krüger AB
Tel: +46317118020
Fax: +46317110870
info@kruger.se
Finland
I. Krüger Oy
Tel: +358947709041
Fax: +358947709040
kruger@kolumbus.fi
Sweden
Vivendi Water SystemsAB
Tel: +46858766300
Fax: +46858766310
infosweden@vivendiwater.com
Poland
Krüger Sp. zo.o.
Tel: +48126387271
Fax: +48126371548
kruger@kruger.com.pl
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