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MiDAS CONFERENCE 2011 REPORT

13 September 2011 Putrajaya, Malaysia

REINFORCING NATIONAL DEFENCE & SECURITY: A REVISIT

Theme:

Malaysian Institute of Defence and Security

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MiDAS CONFERENCE 2011 REPORT
Malaysian Institute of Defence and Security Ground Floor Block A, MINDEF 2, ZETRO Building Jalan 9/27 C, Section 5, Wangsa Maju 53000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia http://midas.mod.gov.my

All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted, reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording or in any information storage or retrival system, without permission in writing from the Institute.

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The Malaysian Institute of Defence and Security (MiDAS) was established in April 2010 under the purview of the Ministry of Defence, Malaysia. It is poised to become a centre of excellence for the Ministry of Defence and Government of Malaysia in the defence and security field through comprehensive research and sharing of knowledge. In generating new ideas it shall include various activities such as forums, debates, seminars and publishing of journal on defence and security. MiDAS is premised at the Ministry of Defence in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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Contents
Foreword ............................................................................................................. 5 Executive Summary ......................................................................................... 7 Chapter 1 Plenary session 1 Accelerating Maritime Security and Defence Development Through Blue Ocean Strategy ............................. 18 Chapter 2 Opening Address Reinforcing National Defence & Security: A Revisit .................................................................................................... 30 Chapter 3 The Launching of MiDAS Blue Ocean Strategy Centre (MBOSC) ............................................................................................... 40 Chapter 4 Keynote Address The Future of National Defence and Security: Blue Ocean Strategy ............................................................................ 44 Chapter 5 Plenary Session 2 Reinforcing National Defence and Security: A Revisit Through Blue Ocean Strategy .......................................................... 50 Chapter 6 Plenary Session 3 Harnessing Natural Resources for Emergency Responses ................................................................................................ 70 Chapter 7 Closing Address MiDAS Conference 2011 ..................................................................... 86 Chapter 8 Photo Gallery .................................................................................................. 92

This report summarizes the proceeding of the conference as interpreted by the assigned rapporteurs and editor appointed by the Malaysian Institute of Defence and Security (MiDAS). Participants neither reviewed nor approved this report. This conference adheres to a variation of the Chatham House Rule. Accordingly, beyond the paper presenters cited, no other attributions have been included in this conference report.

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Secretary General of Rural and Regional Development Ministry. which included the military. They shared their perspectives on issues discussed and recommended a wide range of practical solutions. the MiDAS Conference 2011 acted as a platform in taking security cooperation among defence. local renowned scholars. Malaysia on 13 September 2011. reflecting her strong commitment to national defence and security through synergised corporation and collaboration among national defence. Chief of the Malaysian Armed Forces. Malaysian Armed Forces Chiefs of Service. to address and discuss defence and security issues that concerns Malaysia. The Conference is very significant to Malaysia. security and enforcement agency officials. for the benefit of its citizen. Deputy Minister of Defence. security and enforcement agencies to the next level and provided an informal and unofficial channel for the exchange of opinions and perspectives which helps improve interagencies’ cooperation. Chief Secretary to the Government of Malaysia. Putrajaya. With the theme. Director General of Public Service Department. researchers and major defence industry players. policy makers. ‘Reinforcing National Defence and Security: A Revisit’ seen as most timely and relevant. security and enforcement agencies with the spirit of 1Malaysia. it is evident that Malaysia is 5 . Director-Generals of security agencies in Malaysia and former Malaysian Armed Forces Chief and Chiefs of Service. The Conference.Foreword Foreword The Malaysian Institute of Defence and Security (MiDAS) is pleased to present the summary of proceedings for the inaugural MiDAS Conference 2011. Among high profile participants were Deputy Minister of Home Affairs. In this regard. Deputy Secretary-General of Home Affairs Ministry. Deputy Minister of Rural and Regional Development. the conference reflected Malaysia’s strong commitment to provide an avenue for constructive engagements among the agencies concerned and enhanced inter-agencies’ relationship. held at the Marriott Hotel and Spa. Inspector General of Police. In essence. had gathered over 300 participants.

to achieve the aim of ensuring peace and stability to the nation. security and enforcement agencies to refine our stance towards addressing the national defence and security challenges and led to better understanding on how every national agencies’ concerned should work together and break out of their silos. Dato’ Seri Dr. The MiDAS Conference 2011 has helped the defence. Ahmad Zahid Hamidi Chairman 6 .Foreword (l-r): The Hon Datuk Wira Abu Seman Yusop Deputy Minister of Home Affairs. Ahmad Zahid Hamidi Defence Minister. The Hon Dato’ Seri Dr. Dato’ Sri Dr. The Hon Datuk Dr. Gen Tan Sri Zulkifeli Mohd Zin Chief of Defence Force transforming with the inception of the National Blue Ocean Strategy Initiatives. Hj Ismail Hj Ahmad Sec Gen Ministry of Defence. Hj Abdul Latif Ahmad Deputy Defence Minister.

William Stevenson Executive Director 7 . Malaysia on 13 September 2011. Gen Datuk Hj Zulkifli. The Conference. The theme “Reinforcing National Defence and Security: A Revisit” was extremely relevant and timely as Malaysia is on a transformation plan. The conference started with the first plenary session that discussed the topic “Accelerating National Security and Development through Blue Ocean Strategy” moderated by the Secretary-General of the Ministry of Defence. Putrajaya. drew useful lessons on national defence and security issues. considered the forum as an opportunity to share experiences and ideas on matters concerning Maj Gen Dato Dr. Dato’ Sri Dr Hj Ismail Hj Ahmad and speakers which included Gen Datuk Hj Zulkifli Hj Zainal Abidin (Chief of the Army). aimed at harnessing and bringing added values to the existing collaboration among all agencies related on defence and security issues in Malaysia. Admiral (Maritime) Datuk Mohd Amdan Kurish (Director General of Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA)) and Dato’ Ibrahim Muhammad (Secretary-General of the Ministry of Rural and Regional Development (KKLW)) who discussed the topic from their organization’s perspectives. was the first conference organised by the Malaysian Institute of Defence and Security (MiDAS) at the national level. through the sharing of knowledge perspectives and discussions among its participants. to discuss on defence and security issues. utilizing the Blue Ocean Strategy (BOS) as one of the means to enhance security for the benefit of its citizen. The first speaker.Executive Summary Executive Summary The MiDAS Conference 2011 held at the Mariott Hotel and Spa.

and practices. He stated that security and development is mutually dependant as in “hand-in-glove” because there can never be security without development and vice versa. examined what had been done in enhancing maritime security and defence issues as well as the plans on the foundation of BOS. religions and backgrounds before the NBOS collaboration. This secondary role often went unnoticed and only rose to prominence throughout the participation in the National Blue Ocean Strategy (NBOS) programme launched last year. Dato’ Ibrahim presented the views from the Ministry of Rural and Regional Development’s (KKLW) perspectives in line with the NBOS. willingness to extend a helping hand or complimenting each other. He emphasised that through the implementation of KESBAN (Keselamatan dan Pembangunan) and the legacy of the “Briggs Plan”. He said. the MAF’s involvement and success of the current NBOS was due to the close collaboration. He added that while focusing on the MAF’s primary role in protecting the country’s sovereignty. as well as other ground breaking initiatives at the national level. it has always played an active role in national development. He stated that from a military’s perspective. the BOS is pre-eminent in its own ways and is quite similar to KESBAN since both concepts were aimed towards accelerating the overall output of the nation through innovative ideas. Datuk Mohd Amdan in his presentation. He emphasised that the impact of NBOS to national security and development had 8 . more interpersonal discussions. Although there were few successful BOS related projects embarked to enhance the maritime security and defence. breaking of silos. sources. He suggested a coordinated and holistic concept in guiding future plan.Executive Summary security and development of Malaysia at the time when the world is facing numerous challenges. allocation and integration that will mutually enhance Malaysia’s maritime security and defence. norms. The National Key Result Area (NKRA) for rural basic infrastructure began as part of the Government’s Transformation Programme (GTP) in providing the best public service facilities to Malaysians of all races. efforts in maritime security and defence were uncoordinated. Meanwhile. based on the BOS business model. The final speaker. the Malaysian Armed Forces (MAF) had pioneered the BOS. nevertheless.

The Prime Minister. Instead. Malaysians are able to enjoy the benefits of basic infrastructure. Today. which are distinct and different from those that we faced in the previous eras. It had raised the standards of living of rural people through job creations and business opportunities.Executive Summary elevated the level of confidence and support of the people to the government. drug smuggling. He mentioned that he is pleased to see this conference uniting and bringing together officials. industry players. nuclear proliferation and cyber security threats that cannot be resolved by the structures of the past. academicians and researchers to discuss Prime Minister. access to education and health services. With the transformation programme in place. He added that globalisation had given Malaysia a new set of rather complex security challenges. security and enforcement in coming together to share ideas and exchange perspectives on pressing issues of the nation. especially those in the rural areas. improving their income level and quality of life. the Honourable Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Hj Abdul Razak officiated the conference and pointed that the MiDAS Conference 2011 was a great opportunity for experts in the field of defence. countries faced a number of asymmetric nontraditional security challenges and issues like terrorism. war between nations are no longer seen as the greatest threat to any region. thus improving their social well being and reducing social illnesses. human trafficking. the Hon Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Hj Abdul Razak 9 . policy makers.

the Malaysian Armed Forces (MAF). the implementation of the BOS concepts will help improve the standards of living. the Prime Minister thanked Professor Dr. He emphasized on the Government’s Transformation Programme (GTP) and the New Economic Model (NEM) to propel Malaysia towards achieving a developed nation status by 2020. the Royal Malaysian Police (RMP) and the Prisons Department. Chair Professor of INSEAD. Chan Kim. W. before launching the MiDAS Blue Ocean Strategy Centre (MBOSC). Chair Professor of INSEAD for his contribution towards the NBOS projects and Tan Sri Sidek Hassan. W. In addition. In cutting down crime rates in our urban areas. the Hon Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Hj Abdul Razak launched MiDAS Blue Ocean Strategy Centre (MBOSC) issues on common challenges faced by the nation as a foundation for future collaboration.Executive Summary Prime Minister. particularly for Malaysia’s rural population. working together to deliver this ambitious national agenda. INSEAD Blue Ocean Strategy Institute (IBOSI) and was moderated by Tan Sri Sidek Hassan. Chan Kim. Ending his speech. Chief Secretary to the Government of Malaysia. Chief Secretary to the 10 . for giving his utmost support for the execution of the NBOS initiatives. he is delighted to see the security and enforcement agencies. The conference continued with the Keynote Address by Professor Dr. He saw the tremendous benefit that the nation can derive from the cooperation between the agencies.

Executive Summary Prime Minister. Tan Sri Hj Ismail Hj Omar (Inspector General of Police) and Datuk Mohamed Thajudeen Abdul Wahab (Secretary of the National Security Council (MKN)) discussed the topic “Implementation of HANRUH (Total Defence): Way Forward” and was moderated by Tan Sri Abu Bakar Hj Abdullah (Director General of the Public Service Department (JPA)). Gen Tan Sri Zulkifeli mentioned that the shift occurring in global geostrategic environment. Professor Kim enlightened the participants with BOS fundamentals and the transformation required by nations in order to be a developed nation utilising its concepts. have brought about the advent of traditional and non-traditional threats. In his address. especially after the end of the Cold War and post 9/11 tragedy. The prevailing circumstances resulted in the formalisation of the Total Defence Concept or ‘Pertahanan Menyeluruh’ 11 . where a more comprehensive response or whole of government approach would be deemed necessary to address this environment. The affliction of both form of threats have blurred the concept of national security. This state of affair has removed any exclusivity within the domain of defence and internal security. where the lines separating defence and internal security have become increasingly ambiguous. the Hon Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Hj Abdul Razak. Zahid Hamidi with honourable invitees of MiDAS Conferene 2011 Government of Malaysia. In the second plenary session. Gen Tan Sri Zulkifeli Mohd Zin (Chief of Defence Force). the Hon Dato’ Seri Dr. The first speaker.

as stipulated in its strategies by consolidating the effects of various platforms. Total Defence will bring together all relevant government agencies. togetherness and familiar spirit. Tan Sri Hj Ismail mentioned that being a small country. information. to instil confidence in the public to support the MAF and third. and communication technology development but on how we build a society that is morally. organizations and Malaysians in a coordinated effort to deal effectively with these threats and challenges. science. the Hearts And Minds Program and the NBOS. social. spiritually and mentally strong and healthy. in undertaking its responsibilities. not only to threats such as a military attack but also to exploitation of our economic. Despite many accomplishments. the strategy called for the following actions: First. The success of Malaysia in implementing Total Defence only depends on economy. was able to achieve significant results in implementing HANRUH.Executive Summary (HANRUH) and elaborated that the MAF had formulated its strategies in realising the HANRUH concept. private sectors. second. be it a security threat or national crisis. political and physiological weaknesses by those who may wish to do us harm. Royal Malaysian Police (RMP) and other enforcement agencies. He emphasized that all Malaysians must take responsibility for the failing 12 . To ensure that these threats be confronted adequately. the social progress of our society was still lagging. It consisted the skills and strengths of a nation in facing challenges and threats. multi religious society. to develop the MAF to be a balanced and credible force. He added that the MAF. but to include the participation of the entire nation. He also touched on the national resilience. to implement all action plans systematically and proactively in conjunction with policies and to analyse public opinion on national defence. namely the Malaysian Armed Forces Strategic Development Plan (4D MAF). The concept provided a framework for comprehensive and integrated response in dealing with all kinds of threats and challenges. The second speaker. which is a set of rules out of self resilient. the government had introduced the concept of Total Defence which involved not only the MAF. Malaysia has made herself vulnerable. limited natural resources and a multi-racial. with a small population base. Among others.

National security can be defined as a situation where the necessary measures are in place to preserve. According to him. National security. he explained that it is the ability to defend Malaysia’s national interests and to gain respect and recognition as a responsible member of the international community. private sectors and individual volunteers. Three speakers discussed the topic on “Harnessing National Resources for Emergency Responses”. According to him. The first speaker. Finally. In the third plenary session Dato Abdul Rahim Mohd Radzi. environmental accidents and services disruptions can happen to our community at any time. as well as our emergency response mechanisms. an effective framework for emergency management requires a high level of collaboration and coordination that crosses all levels of government and 13 . there must be an effective arrangement and close coordination of government activities which require the involvement and cooperation of all parties. He added that we should strive to enhance our existing crisis management. essential for providing a conducive environment for economic growth and prosperity.Executive Summary values and declining social standards prevalent today. according to him. He elaborated that national security consisted three main elements: national integration. At the national level. territorial integrity is important where the physical security of the country at both the state and federal levels are safeguarded to ensure the nation’s border are secured at all times. Gen Tan Sri Dato Sri Rozali Daud (Chief of Air Force) provided a background on disasters and emergencies scenarios around the world. (Deputy Secretary General (Security). natural disasters such as floods. on national sovereignty. He added that in order to ensure a comprehensive approach in emergency management. is a prerequisite to political stability. The last speaker. Ministry of Home Affairs) moderated the session. Dato’ Mohamad Tajuddin began his presentation by elaborating the meaning of national security. territorial integrity and national sovereignty. including the NGOs. maintain and ensure Malaysia’s existence is free from all internal and external threats. He emphasised that unity and racial harmony among the citizens are crucial and necessary to guarantee security stability in the country. He also emphasised that Malaysia is not spared from such scenarios.

He went on to discuss the emergency response from the Navy’s perspectives which included the attributes such as readiness. The third speaker Dato Hj Abdul Halim Abdul Hamid (Director-General. Incidents that are of higher magnitudes than non-disastrous incidents are considered as a disaster. Second. mobility and reach. discussed the topic by giving a brief background on the establishment of the Civil Defence Department of Malaysia (JPAM). The directive also defined non-disastrous incidents under its purview. Naturally viable measures and excellent coordination must first be in place. poised and persistence. as well as affecting daily activities of the local community. Jabatan Pertahanan Awam Malaysia (JPAM)). He concluded that harnessing national resources during an emergency response is important to protect our national interests. small fires. outbreaks or accidents in lakes or rivers. 20. Third. effective coordination between and within agencies should be achieved. These arrangements are to ensure that key policy decisions or priorities in preparedness for and response to any crisis or major emergencies are established at the highest level of the government. professional and technical advisors are taken into account in drafting key policy decisions and later conveyed on a timely basis to all concern parties. damage to properties or the environment. as defined in the MKN Directive No. He elaborated on JPAM’s roles and functions. emergency response should not be segregated between non-disastrous or disastrous.Executive Summary non-government stakeholders. However. versatility. lift capability and leverage. He concluded that the present mechanisms and arrangements of harnessing national resources towards emergency responses were enough to handle the magnitude of disasters normally faced in Malaysia. Non-disastrous incidents may include vehicle accidents. is an incident that occurs in a sudden manner and complex in nature which resulted in the loss of lives. The second speaker Adm Tan Sri Dato Sri Hj Abdul Aziz Jaafar (Chief of the Navy) stated that the topic discussed would be able to propose measures to enhance our present system and mechanisms in responding to a broad spectrum of emergencies. Disaster. Non-disastrous incidents are incidents that involves a small number of victims and the effect are only to the victims’ involved and have no possibility of spreading. He also discussed the challenges faced by the Navy in confronting emergency responses. which 14 .

He futher explained that JPAM is determined in exploring new Participants of the MiDAS conference 2011 15 . providing emergency services throughout the country and performing rescue operations and supervising disaster victims across the country. good local coordination at site via Standard Operation Procedures (SOP) and guidelines. JPAM can recruit more volunteers at the district level so they can provide assistance during any emergencies. It had placed the minimum number of permanent officers at the head office and relocated them at all districts. He added that JPAM’s roles and functions in supporting the emergency responses within the BOS projects had included additional 65 new district offices for civil defence. With this move. From there. This is part of the preparedness in HANRUH concept.Executive Summary are to formulate appropriate policies on civil defence purposes. training and educating the public about the civil defence knowledge. JPAM also recommended the actions for effective emergency responses. JPAM recruited volunteers to help in office operations. organising the types of training for civil defence force. which are the precise advanced planning with database and comprehensive research undertaken with the ability to mobilise sufficient resources quickly. The current presence of the civil defence today can be felt all over the country because of the readiness of its personnel in being at the scene as early as possible. managing and maintaining the civil defence force through support services and adequate logistics. supported by good logistics management.

thus making our nation a more stable and progressive nation. maritime. to contribute in defending the sovereignty of this country. He also expressed his gratitude and congratulated MiDAS and the organising committee for the successful organising the Conference. and refined everyone’s thinking. food and emergency response. to discuss in detail security issues pertaining cyber. He added that as a follow up to this conference. aerospace. In conclusion. expressed his satisfaction on the active participation at this inaugural National Defence and Security Conference. to fight street crimes through the NKRA initiative. bonded by a multi racial population. he hoped that the participants had benefited from the information and lessons learned by various agencies regarding issues on HANRUH and emergency responses.200 volunteer members in 50 hotspots as Police Volunteer Reserves (PVR). the Ministry of Defence (MinDef ) needs to establish labs.Executive Summary dimensions of bilateral. At the end of the Conference. The implementation will be a step towards creating Malaysia with a spirit of patriotism and nationalism. Maj Gen Dato Dr. In essence. William Stevenson Executive Director 16 . He emphasised that the discussions concluded at the security lab sessions. He believed that the HANRUH implementation must be in place to ensure every public and private sectors. will be submitted to MKN and be proposed to the government as part of the security policy enhancement. NGOs and individual are involved and trained. multilateral. border. in support of BOS projects and part of the emergency responses. are actively stationing more than 1. he called for the conference to act as a platform in promoting cooperation among government agencies and hoped that such conferences in the future will provide avenues for informal and unofficial channel in exchanging opinions and perspectives. self belonging and unity. the Minister of Defence. He concluded that JPAM. local and international operations in upgrading and developing new resources for capacity development. Dato’ Seri Dr Ahmad Zahid Hamidi.

Executive Summary Participants of the MiDAS conference 2011 17 .

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Malaysia SPEAKERS Gen Datuk Hj Zulkifli Hj Zainal Abidin Chief of Army Malaysian Armed Forces Admiral (Maritime) Datuk Mohd Amdan Kurish Director General Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA) Dato’ Ibrahim Muhammad Secretary General Ministry of Rural and Regional Development (KKLW) 19 .Chapter 1 Plenary Session 1 Accelerating Maritime Security and Defence Development Through Blue Ocean Strategy MODERATOR Dato’ Sri Hj Ismail Hj Ahmad Secretary General Ministry of Defence.

moderated by Dato’ Sri Hj Ismail Hj Ahmad. providing household assistance.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 Plenary Session 1 Accelerating Maritime Security and Defence Development Through Blue Ocean Strategy Plenary session 1. He also mentioned that the fight against corruption. rehabilitating prison inmates in army camps. Malaysia The session started off with the introduction of speakers and began with the outlining of the objectives of the National Blue Ocean Strategy (NBOS) which are reducing crime. ensuring rural water supply and optimizing vacant Armed Forces land for agriculture. Ministry of Defence. Secretary General. The moderator stressed that the report had shown a sturdy start of the Malaysian NBOS where crime rates were reduced to the highest percentage since Malaysia’s Independence more than 50 years ago. raising standard of living for low income 20 .

Chapter 1 household. The Prime Minister himself had embraced the Blue Ocean Strategy (BOS) as a tool to transform Malaysia into a new product. Gen Datuk Zulkifli also elaborated on the challenges of the modern era which had significant effect on both security and the development 21 . This secondary role often went unnoticed and only rose to prominence through the participation in the NBOS programme launched last year. the BOS is pre-eminent in its own ways and is quite similar to KESBAN. national security and development can be accelerated through the BOS. In essence. lawlessness and terrorism throughout the country. The first speaker. He stated that security and development is mutually dependant as in “hand-in-glove” because there can neither be security without development and vice versa. While focusing on the MAF’s primary role in protecting the country’s sovereignty. From the military perspective. which is driven by the National Key Result Areas (NKRA) in addressing the immediate concern of the people. The government was able to bring development to remote areas through the implementation of KESBAN (Keselamatan dan Pembangunan). He added that the MAF pioneered the BOS through the legacy of the “Briggs Plan” and the implementation concept of KESBAN. has proven a fast and effective outcome. it has always played an active role in the national development. This concept was pioneered by the Malaysian Armed Forces (MAF) and its sister security agencies during our fight against the communist terrorists by establishing security web that thwarted subversions. norms and practices. and ended his address by inviting the speakers to began discussion on the challenges in implementing the strategy. winning over colleagues from a panel of international experts. The Government’s Transformation Programme (GTP). since both concepts were aimed towards accelerating the overall output of the nation through innovative ideas. As a result. Gen Datuk Hj Zulkifli Hj Zainal Abidin. the country remained as one of the few in the world to successfully defeated the communist insurgency. considered the forum as an opportunity to share experiences and ideas on matters concerning security and the development of our country at a time when the world is facing numerous challenges. improving rural infrastructure and urban public transport are among the agendas of the NBOS Programme.

MiDAS Conference Report 2011 of a nation in today’s world. which focused on the dynamics of social. The NBOS had opened up these communication channels and laid down the foundation of subsequent initiatives to take off and ensured relevant parties enjoy the benefits of their initiatives. ranging from non-traditional or transnational issues. He said that the MAF’s involvements and successes at current NBOS were mainly due to the close collaboration. The various forms of security threats and challenges confronting the individual nation are said to transcend from a wide spectrum of sources. political. as well as saving the government a substantial amount of money. 2 and 3 were encouraging and supportive of the country’s development efforts. The realisation of the fact that we were no longer working in silos. other than synergising and synchronising our strengths and capacities towards a common goal. inter-agency diffusions and cross-fertilizations are said to be the “Order of the Day” and if one wants to progress and develop continuously. and resources are shared. The sharing of expertise and resources. We have individually changed ourselves where efforts. as well as other ground breaking initiatives at the national level. resulted in many valuable lessons and ideas from various initiatives. involving both the MAF and the RMP. 22 . It was evident that the results of NBOS 1. ideas. organisations and establishments today have realized that championing in isolation is ‘selfpraise’ and becoming non-beneficial in the long run. The NBOS programmes and projects were said to have significant influences over the “learning curve” of relevant organisations and agencies. He stressed that Ministries. Other than that. and economic norms and practices. which led to the reduction in individual expenditures. The successes of the MAF and the Royal Malaysian Police (RMP) were acknowledged with the presentation of the Prime Minister’s Innovation Award in 2010. There has been significant result based on the two NKRAs’ identified by the government. namely NKRA 1 (Reduction in Crime Rates) and NKRA 5 (Rural Development). to the important elements of ‘statehood’. more inter personal discussion and the willingness to extend a helping hand or complementing each other. one has to embrace a “sharing culture”. Efforts have enabled cost-sharing. breaking of silos. bringing the emphasis on “value for money’ and “doing more for less”.

One of the initiatives undertaken to address the national security agenda was the formation of National Special Operations Force (NSOF) where it created a BOS in national security by cutting across relevant agencies in undertaking rapid real-time actions. In the discussion. as well as sharing of 23 . Procurement and Maintenance of Common Equipment. Gen Datuk Zulkifli highlighted that threats in newer forms are the trend of the future. current and future threats can come from anywhere. Therefore. the demands of safety protection and the well-being of the population will be increased and the responsibilities will become more expensive. The Border Management. This is where BOS comes into place as the exploitation of the success will enhance a secured environment and facilitate socio-economic development. anytime and in any forms. No longer confined to the traditional battlefields. Total Defence and the Enhancement Capacity of Security Agencies can be equally and successfully managed through the implementation of NBOS. Disaster Management.Chapter 1 Gen Datuk Hj Zulkifli Hj Zainal Abidin. Chief of Army the relevant parties understood each other’s capacities and capabilities and had managed to eliminate redundancies or duplications.

Another initiative was the collaboration between MiDAS and Akademi Latihan Keselamatan Bersatu. and cyber crimes were conducted. legal powers accorded to parties carrying out their responsibilities. in order to enhance national security. and prosperity. generate rapid responses and lower budget requirements for the government. transnational security threats and challenges were also shared. The avenues for the Army to collaborate and synergise its capacities and capabilities with the relevant government agencies. knowledge and information on related security matters. Maritime security and defence is a daunting task where numerous strategies. plans and resources were allocated to enhance Malaysia’s maritime security and defence readiness. with the findings to be circulated and shared among various security agencies. such as non-traditional. to ensure peace and security should be addressed accordingly. He added that information sharing were based on a “need-to-know” basis. as outlined by Gen Datuk Zulkifli. He claimed that the discussion on maritime security and defence capabilities. 24 . providing countless opportunities to join forces in a “Whole Nation” context for continuous sustainment of peace. smuggling. The challenges. were to deal with the sceptics who refused to admit the military’s significant roles in the BOS. The current maritime awareness did not provide a comprehensive awareness on the activities in the Malaysian Maritime Zone (MMZ) and its adjacent waters. the requirement and resources allocation were yet to be recognised in the unique requirements of the maritime sphere of influences. Admiral (Maritime) Datuk Mohd Amdan Kurish started his discussion by stating that vulnerabilities still exist in our maritime domain. security. He concluded his discussion by stating that BOS had opened up numerous options for the MAF and the Army to further enhance its capabilities. human trafficking. “Turf Wars” will rise among the various organisations and agencies which must be addressed in utmost caution and sensitivity.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 intelligence and resources that yielded higher inputs. In addition. Lastly. where research on international terrorism. had paved a way for continued development and strive for “higher income earner” status. to avoid disputes and consequences. The next speaker. harmony. He ended by stating that BOS was indeed a multiplier in every sense and strategy.

He provided suggestions on a coordinated and holistic conceptual guide for future plans. 25 . the MMEA had established its presence in all 5 maritime regions. in the time of conflict. allocations and integration that will mutually enhance the maritime security and defence. In his presentation. Although there were few successful BOS utilised in enhancing maritime security and defence. Placed under the command and control of the MAF. 17 maritime districts and 9 maritime bases. MMEA is the sole maritime law enforcement agency. war. The agency recognises the constraints and limitations of its maritime security capabilities. sources. As the Coast Guard of Malaysia. he examined on what was done in addressing the maritime security and defence issues. as provisioned under the MMEA Act 2004. crisis or emergencies.Chapter 1 Admiral (Maritime) Datuk Mohd Amdan Kurish. it must be able to respond decisively to the changing security environments and evolving security threats. his paper suggested that the efforts on maritime security and defence were not properly coordinated. For now. Director General. based on the BOS business model. Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA) rather than a “need-to-share” basis. as well as the plans on the foundation of the BOS. tasked with maintaining law and order in the MMZ and the high seas. A holistic and integrated approach was needed to provide maritime security and defence option.

First. MMEA has a critical role of exploiting maritime dimension in maintaining Malaysia’s strategic and operational areas in peace. looks forward to synergise its advancement in ICT and other technologies. MMEA had taken over Kuala Kedah. and war. Batu Pahat and Muara Tebas. MMEA aimed at achieving greater “Maritime Domain Awareness” at all levels.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 where its capacities and capabilities were continuously being developed. and eliminating competing presence in the same maritime domain by various law enforcement agencies. MMEA will continue to enhance inter agency cooperation and collaboration. inter-agency cooperation or sole maritime law enforcement agency. MMEA would also expand its human capital based on the awareness that knowledge is the agency’s principal competitive advantage. The decision made by the government to establish MMEA as the maritime law enforcement agency of Malaysia by end of 2011 was an excellent strategy. The transfer of vessels by the RMP and the Royal Customs will equip MMEA with additional assets and enhance operational gaps in the MMZ. In terms of infrastructure. 26 . 38 boats. designed to realign operational processes and reduce cost while rising efficiency. The details of costs saving are still being worked out as existing tenancy agreements were still in-force. Langkawi. 53 RHIBs and 8 aircrafts. crisis. Kemaman and Labuan operational bases from other maritime agencies and in 2012. Most of the ships and boats inherited from various maritime agencies have been in service for more than 20 years. MMEA operated assets inherited from various maritime agencies that partially fulfilled the MMEA demands to effectively and efficiently carry out its maritime security roles and tasks. Therefore. Currently. MMEA will take custodian of the bases still under construction in Tanjung Pelepas. Above all. as well as acquiring C4ISR systems which would enable the deployment of MMEA assets and coastal command centres to exchange information rapidly and accurately. These assets were assigned and prepositioned to the respective maritime regions. MMEA operates 20 ships. He also highlighted that the current BOS will accelerate maritime security and development.

He concluded by stating that understanding the concept of maritime security was vital to distinguish and separate the roles of RMN and MMEA. The third speaker. Inter-agency cooperation will be enhanced and complement MMEA through sharing and maximising RMN’s facilities. it could cause a serious threat to our security and defence. The lack of maritime domain awareness was something that should be avoided and if left unchecked. Third. being the sole maritime law enforcement agency.Chapter 1 Second. inter-agency cooperation in providing basic recruiting and training at the RMN’s Recruit Training Centre in Tanjung Pengelih. inter-agency cooperation to eliminate competing presence of various maritime agencies of the same jurisdiction. to improve collaboration and information intelligence sharing. He also touched on issues and challenges faced by MMEA in realising its aspirations. to ensure that the nation’s maritime zones becomes a governed space and the stakeholders have a complete situational awareness. is resolved to represent this new BOS. This will create synergy between enforcement agencies and the RMN and will reduce cost and operational difficulties. to eliminate redundancies in the MMZ. MMEA. The approach had saved the government millions of ringgit by maximising available resources of the RMN to train MMEA personnel required to fulfil its functions. The issue of maritime law enforcement and functions in search and rescue and defence missions should be approached wisely and all agencies involved must be aware of their functions and tasks. Among the issues and challenges were the lack of policy guidelines between MMEA. Dato’ Ibrahim Mohammad elaborated on “Accelerating National Security and Development through National 27 . One way to realise the value of enhancing the domain awareness capability was through a maritime security and defence centre. Resource compatibilities and redundancies between RMN and MMEA was also an issue. RMN and Port Authorities in port controls and the ambiguous roles of each entity in maritime defence. where both were equally relevant and operated within the same maritime domain but with different roles and missions. All maritime agencies should improve their abilities to safeguard Malaysia’s security by providing relevant information in preparation for any consequences.

water supply and housing projects have indeed improved the standards of living for the beneficiaries. that included the elevated level of 28 . KKLW’s areas of responsibilities were to provide the list and locations of projects and also to fund it. The initiatives started with the NKRA for the rural areas’ basic infrastructure programme as part of the GTP to provide the best public service facilities for Malaysians of all races. better cooperation and results can be achieved. He added that KKLW was entrusted with the rural areas’ basic infrastructure for the whole period of 2010 to 2011 under the NKRA. one has a clearer idea of one’s responsibilities and therefore. they planned to construct or repair more roads and houses. The BOS eliminated silo mentality and overlapping functions through collaboration between various ministries. The MAF was responsible of the site inspection. religions and backgrounds before the NBOS collaboration. The roads. He added that KKLW provided the people with the necessities to supply clean water. Sabah and Sarawak. housing and accessible roads. It also enhanced the knowledge and survival skills of the rural people. through the “Caring Government” campaign and the “gotong-royong” between the military personnel and the ‘Rakyat’. electricity. While working on the housing projects. the three Ministries worked hand in hand to realise the dreams of the ‘Rakyat’’ and the government’s missions.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 Security and Development” in the NBOS from KKLW’s perspectives. The MAF also constructed the houses and provided monthly progress reports once the construction had started and before handing over to KKLW. procurement of building materials and transportation. electricity. While working together. where KKLW worked together with the MAF and Ministry of Health (MOH). the NBOS 3 came into the picture. as well as provide clean treated water and electricity supply to more people in the Peninsular Malaysia. Then. The plan included the construction or repair of the 2500km roads throughout Malaysia. As for 2011. It also strengthened the perception of the ‘Rakyat’ to the government and the military. to provide the rural areas with the basic necessities needed. He concluded his speech by highlighting the impacts of NBOS to national security and development. With the similar responsibilities in water supply project implemented in Sarawak. before handing it over to the beneficiaries once completed.

such as the single maritime air surveillance platform for the RMN. better access to education and health services and eventually improved life quality and reduced social illness. The questions were directed on the implementation of BOS and its effect in the MAF and the perception of Malaysians on MAF secondary role. A question regarding the procedures of the procurement for the Army. Malaysians are able to enjoy the benefits of basic infrastructure.Chapter 1 Dato’ Ibrahim Muhammad Secretary General Ministry of Rural & Regional Development confidence and support of people to the government. It had raised the standards of living of the rural areas through job and business opportunities. questions were raised on issues such as the efforts of working together between RMN and MMEA. especially those in rural areas. Navy and Air Force in order to avoid duplication were also raised. thus improving their income level and quality of life. 29 . MMEA and RMAF. During the Q&A session.

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Chapter 2 Opening Address Reinforcing National Defence & Security : A Revisit The Honourable Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Hj. Abdul Razak The Prime Minister of Malaysia 31 .

These challenges are quite distinct and different from those we have faced in the previous eras. this forum is a wonderful opportunity for experts in the field of Defence. the Hon Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Hj. In my opinion. Abdul Razak Welcome to the Inaugural Conference of the Malaysian Institute of Defence and Security. It is notable that globalisation has given us a new set of rather complex security challenges. Today. Security and Enforcement agencies to come together to share ideas and exchange perspectives on some of the most pressing issues of all kinds. the Prime Minister of Malaysia. instead 32 . Following is an extract of the speech: Prime Minister. delivered the Opening Address at the conference. war between nations are no longer seen as the greatest threat scenario the region or even the world.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 Opening Address Reinforcing National Defence & Security : A Revisit The Honourable Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Hj Abdul Razak.

our national interest is pivotal to our sovereignty. military and economic realities and rather intricate relationship within our region and beyond. The defence of our interest. sovereign nation within the complex world community. will continue to face a number of significant challenges to their security. Singapore. Even countries that are quite remote geographically. China and Taiwan. but Malaysia’s security is also very much influenced by the dynamic of the region which covers the geographical. academicians and researchers in the service of the common challenges we faced. human trafficking. 33 . the Philippines. Malaysia’s primary strategic aim is to lift. For example. Geostrategically. Vietnam. are facing the challenge of asylum seekers and that goes to show that any instability in our part of the region will certainly have a great impact to the other countries. including Malaysia. drug smuggling. That is why I am very pleased to see this conference. nuclear proliferation and cyber security that cannot be resolved by the old security and structure of the past. I hope today’s event will serve not only as a platform for discussion but also as a foundation for future collaborations. In military terms. Malaysia shares common land boundaries with Thailand. It is certainly an honour to be invited to address such a distinguished gathering and I would like to take this opportunity to outline my thoughts in this field. policy makers. And all the nations within the region. political. as an independent. uniting and bringing together officials.Chapter 2 we face a number of asymmetric of non-traditional security challenges and issues like terrorism. But by saying that we must defend Malaysia’s national interest. event industry players. I make no apology for saying there are key security challenges in the 21st century and our number one priority must be to safeguard and defend Malaysia’s national interest. territorial integrity and economic well being. operate and preserve our way of life. Brunei and Indonesia as well as maritime boundaries with Thailand. like Australia. Brunei. In order to do this. it will create a condition for potentially catastrophic civil unrest that will impeach on the interest of other countries in the region. Indonesia. it must also be seen in the context of promoting regional peace and stability. to maintain public order and to provide for the immediate needs of the people. if one or more governments in our region were to lose their ability to contain internal political conflict.

The two areas of the EEZ that are of particular economic significance are the offshore hydrocarbon area. Any loss or disruption to these fields would greatly affect the economic well-being of our nation. social and cultural across the region and the world beyond. the question of rather mundane matter. like discovering other substances in one of our main reservoir of Sabah. 34 . I believe that there is more that Malaysia can do to prevent such threats on our territory rather than simply building up our Armed Forces. located just on the east coast of the Peninsular and the islands of Sabah and Sarawak. the fact that our nation is made up of two land masses. Economically. Japan and China and their relationships with one another is an additional factor with potential security implications on Malaysia. Russia. We have a number of strategic investments within our Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) one and we also have a strategic investment and objectives at the global and regional levels. our offshore investment in the South China Sea. including armour tanks. the 200 nautical miles of EEZ and the Continental Shelf surrounding it are rich in living and non-living resources that have contributed significantly to Malaysia’s economic development. Through any means. different ways. economic. which impacted the growth figures of Malaysia in our first and second quarter of this year. The fact that the part of the portion of the EEZ is within the disputed area. contributed towards a drop in our national production of oil recently. this is the basic role of our security and the most basic responsibility of the government.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 Malaysia need to be able to defend itself from interference and destruction. further complicating the picture in terms of security. Common sea and land borders within our neighbours potentially place us in two territorial disputes. either bilaterally or multilaterally. This way of interdependency has matured into an even more intricate and complex web as a result of globalisation. simply to secure adequate communications. Even. we are engaged in many ways. what sort of analysis can we derive from the security challenges we face? Firstly. Since Malaysia is an upward working country. So. The continuous presence and influence of extraregional powers such as the United States. political. Malaysia’s geographical and physical characteristics imposes a number of strategic disadvantages. separated by more than 600 kilometres of water means we need to strengthen our capabilities including our maritime capabilities.

China and Japan remained an important element in shaping our regional security environment. Finally. Abdul Razak Secondly. Even the internal conflict that happened in Sri Lanka over a number of years has led to security implications on Malaysia. but the importance of striking a balance within a comprehensive military capability and strengthening of our social economic and political capacities. political turmoil in any nation in the region risk effect that will be felt by any neighbouring countries. I strongly believe that one of the key challenges for Malaysia going forward would be to continue to adapt to changes in our regional security environment and to adopt a new security strategies to protect our national interest towards promoting regional peace and security. in triangular relations between the US. a massive flow of migrants searching for safety and protection can affect and have clear consequences on Malaysia. in particular. for example. This strategy is intended to promote and contribute towards a stable regional security environment. 35 . the role of major powers. Malaysia’s national security strategy emphasises not only on military build up.Chapter 2 Prime Minister. Thirdly. the Hon Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Hj.

Malaysia has followed a different security path. As a small and still developing nation. the Malaysian Armed Forces. As such. moving the debate beyond the realm of interstate conflict and geopolitical concerns and incorporating post-state and non-state actors. some unresolved issues remained. I would like to stress.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 The number one security challenge faced by Malaysia today is that of safe guarding and defending our country’s national interest. and the Prison Department working together in an unprecedented manner to deliver this ambitious national agenda. we have also embraced the implementation of the Blue Ocean Strategy concept that will help improve the standards of living. As you are. it is reasonable to conclude that Malaysia faces a number of important challenges that go beyond the traditional definition of security. I am delighted to see that our security and enforcement agencies. In addition. any threat to regional stability whether direct or indirect. particularly for Malaysia’s rural population. I can see the tremendous benefit that the nation has gained from working together between the agencies and I would like to thank Professor Kim for his contribution towards this and also to the civil service led by Tan Sri Sidek. for giving the fullest support for the execution of the National Blue Ocean Strategy. Issues like terrorism. Although the end of the Cold War had brought stability to the world and to our region. that Malaysia’s concept of national security is inseparable from political stability and social harmony of our people. The defence of this interest and their application of the concept of security. the government has embarked on the Government Transformation Programme and New Economic Model to propel our country towards achieving the developed nation status by 2020. In cutting down crime rates in our urban areas. are crucial to our nation sovereignty. that a larger power with a stronger military capability. including the issues that demand colossal regional cooperation and have the potential to cause instability in the event that they are mismanaged. the Royal Malaysian Police. Our regional economic prosperity is very much dependent on the conducive and amicable political strategic situation. human trafficking. illegal immigration. territorial integrity and economic wellbeing. would have highly affect Malaysia’s wellbeing and prosperity. however. piracy and cyber security are currently the subject of much discussion in our region. no doubt aware. 36 . And with globalisation becoming a watch word for international integration and interdependence.

I would also like to congratulate the Armed Forces for interpreting Total Defence in the sense providing economic wellbeing for our populace particularly our rural population. Since the Cold War. This conceptual approach has been further developed into a more comprehensive security doctrine. I am very gratified at what we have achieved when we faced several challenges recently. it requires a concerted effort from the public. independence and territorial integrity. When the civic action programme “Jiwa Murni” was expanded 37 . its ability to recover from disasters. this definition is related to national interest. With all our citizens rallying behind the clarion call of 1Malaysia. Malaysia’s national security reflects a combination of political stability. The concept of total defence has actually been implemented in Malaysia. There will be many other examples. I realised that countries do not just face threat on the conventional battlefield but that aggressors can also target a nation’s economic system. this must be the bedrock that provide stability and security for all. Malaysia’s military has long been a reliable and dependable institution and I believe that the Malaysian Armed Forces must continue to remain the backbone of our country’s security. emphasising the physical survival of the population and importance of promoting and preserving the prosperity of Malaysia citizen. when we had to evacuate our students from Egypt and during the incident with the Somali pirates. For example. and private sector. social. albeit in a limited sense. economic success and social harmony. To combat this threat. economic and military forces must work together and best way to forge that common purpose is through national unity and harmony. in addition to our military capabilities. we implemented the concept of Total Defence. Malaysia’s political.Chapter 2 defining national security as the capacity of a society to protect individual group and a nation from physical and social economic dangers and a threat of such dangers. not in a way that defence planner has hoped for. That’s a concept of total defence at work. Apart from a core value of political. government. for instance cyber security is one area that we must seriously move into in a very comprehensive manner because that would appear to be a major threat to our economic wellbeing. several countries have implemented the concept of Total Defence. If we are to defeat the threats to the national security. both natural and manmade and even the very fabric of its society. In essence.

I am confident that if we have this attitude of becoming the shining example for the world. which is the police’s bread and butter and if they can reduce the crime rate. it is not about hanging on to what we have. If we pull our resources together. but we have to explore new innovative ways. the Ba’kalalan road is now completed at the cost of one fifth or one sixth of what the Public Works Department Malaysia said it will cost. when we created the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA). Likewise. many infrastructure projects which would have cost 5 to 6 times more were implemented. then we will be able to achieve a much more effective national unit with fewer resources and with fewer resources. we can use it in other areas. so that we can beef up our capacities and our capabilities. there will be solution to the myriad of challenges that we face. most critical as far as the performance of the police. For example. The road is completed and now that particular hinterland in Sarawak is able to communicate with the outside world. particularly between Malaysia and Indonesia. We cannot afford to have any tension in the region. And I think in tune with this concept of the Blue Ocean Strategy. we must lead the way. simply because we implemented the concept of “Jiwa Murni” in the broader sense of the word. I believe there are many opportunities that lay ahead for all of us. I would encourage us to be very innovative and creative in finding solution to our security challenges. it’s about doing things more effectively and being clear in our thinking. must be crime on land. I would like to commend the Armed Forces for this effort on their part and hope such concept can be broaden to include other activities as well that would benefit the people and the population at large. So. it was designed on the concepts that agencies must pull their resources together and we decided that by doing so then we will be putting our resources in areas that are more critical. There are many things for us to discuss but I am quite positive about the future because I don’t see us embroil into serious state versus state sort of situation that would lead into a kind of a high risk of conflicts in a traditional sense in our region. For example. We cannot stay within our conventional mindset. What we want to achieve as an organisation 38 . If we depart from our narrow national interest and look at the bigger picture. certainly their image will increase significantly by leaps and bounds. how to do things better with fewer resources. in the eyes of the public. ASEAN must lead the way.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 and with the help of the government.

it gives me great pleasure to officially open the MiDAS Conference. On that note. I am sure there will be many ideas that will be brought up in this forum and those ideas should be looked at seriously and with this new spirit of being more inclusive about us breaking down the wall that separate us. I believe that if we do so. Thank you. the Hon Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Hj. the Minister of Defence. and which we can bind together as one nation between the different agencies but with a common purpose and a common goal. think differently and in a more innovative and creative manners. Reinforcing National Defence. Deputy Minister of Defence. I would like to congratulate you once again. We all need to pull our resources together. for us to achieve our long term goals and objectives. breadth and depth of our civil service and our security agencies. and Security: A Revisit. we should now look at ways. we will unleash our capacity to provide a better world for our people in Malaysia. as well as for the region.Chapter 2 and as a nation. Prime Minister. I think that is the underpinning philosophy behind having this forum because I can see people from different backgrounds here as participants and it is because we need the full support across the length. and how do we pull our resources together. Abdul Razak. Deputy Minister of Home Affairs with speakers and moderators of MiDAS Conference 2011 39 .

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Chapter 3 The Launching of MiDAS Blue Ocean Strategy Centre (MBOSC) The Honourable Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Hj. Abdul Razak The Prime Minister of Malaysia 41 .

42 . Abdul Razak launched MBOSC The MiDAS Blue Ocean Strategy Centre (MBOSC) was officially launched by the Prime Minister the Honourable Dato’ Seri Mohd Najib Tun Hj Abdul Razak after the opening ceremony of the MiDAS Conference 2011.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 The Launching Of MiDAS Blue Ocean Strategy Centre (MBOSC) Prime Minister. The MBOSC is reponsible to spearhead the implementation of Blue Ocean Strategy (BOS) in the Malaysian Armed Forces (MAF) and MinDef. the Hon Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Hj. - Promote understanding and facilitate education effort on BOS throughout the MAF and MinDef. to carry out the following task: - Inculcate the concept of BOS into MinDef strategic thinking and defence/security strategy and policy research efforts.

Among the activities carried out by MiDAS/MBOSC in 2011 were: - Coordinate the implementation of projects under the National Blue Ocean Stategy Initiatives that involved the Ministry of Defence. Prime Minister. and - Act as centre for idea generation for practical implementation. Abdul Razak signing the MBOSC plaque 43 . - Organise the BOS awareness program to the staff of Ministry of Defence. the Hon Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Hj.Chapter 3 - Act as centre for coordination/interface and cooperation between civil agencies and MinDef/MAF in the practice of BOS. and - Coordinate the implementation of BOS training with Human Resource Development Department for the Armed Forces.

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Chapter 4 Keynote Address The Future of National Defence and Security: Blue Ocean Strategy MODERATOR Tan Sri Mohd Sidek Hassan Chief Secretary to the Government of Malaysia SPEAKER Prof. Dr. W. the INSEAD Blue Ocean Strategy Institute (IBOSI) 45 . Chan Kim Chair Professor of INSEAD.

MiDAS Conference Report 2011

Keynote Address

The Future of National Defence and Security: Blue Ocean Strategy
Tan Sri Mohd   Sidek Hassan, Chief Secretary to the Government of Malaysia welcoming Prof. Dr. W. Chan Kim, Chair Professor of INSEAD, the INSEAD Blue Ocean Strategy Institute (IBOSI)

Tan Sri Mohd Sidek Hassan, the Chief Secretary to the Government of Malaysia moderated the Key Note Address Session and introduced Prof. Dr. W. Chan Kim, Chair Professor of INSEAD, the INSEAD Blue Ocean Strategy Institute (IBOSI). He informed the audience that the address will focus on the Blue Ocean Strategy (BOS) and how its application could enhance the economy of the country, inter-agency collaboration and reduce bureaucracy and red tapes between agencies, as well as provide stability for national security, before handing over to Prof. Kim. On his request, Prof. Kim did not want his address to be recorded.

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Chapter 3

Nevertheless, the issues covered in the address were focused on an overview of the BOS Concept and how it complements national defence and security for the future. The BOS can be described as a tool to generate innovative ideas that demonstrates the characteristics of high impact, prompt implementation and value for money. The adoption of the BOS concept will help the country to achive the set targets, as outlined in the National Key Result Areas (NKRA). BOS has eliminated the culture of working in silos between the Ministries and focuses on collaborating among Ministries and agencies at all levels of management. The present Government Transformation Plan (GTP), initiated by the Prime Minister had provided an opportunity for the Ministry of Defence (MinDef ) to further improve nation-building capacities, particularly in national security, through collaborative measures with other agencies under the purview of the National Blue Ocean Strategy (NBOS). Through NBOS, various agencies were brought together to generate ideas, formulate strategies and plans of action. From the military’s point of view, the opportunity, as stipulated in the NBOS initiatives, would afford to enhance and expand Military Operations Other Than War (MOOTW) capabilities, without losing sight of the MAF’s primary responsibility. Under NBOS 2, the MAF’s collaboration with the Royal Malaysia Police (RMP) will assist in reducing crime rates through a number of joint measures. Similarly, cooperation with the Prisons Department had initiated the Community Rehabilitation Program (CRP). In NBOS 3, MinDef is working with the various government agencies to develop housing and water supply in the rural areas. The results of the implementation of the BOS in supporting the GTP were overwhelming. It enabled fulfiling the objectives of relevant NKRAs, allowing significant cost-saving to the government and gives impact to the nation.

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Chapter 5 Plenary Session 2 Reinforcing National Defence and Security: A Revisit Through Blue Ocean Strategy MODERATOR Tan Sri Abu Bakar Hj Abdullah Director General Public Service Department SPEAKERS Gen Tan Sri Dato Sri Zulkifeli Mohd Zin Chief of Defence Force Malaysian Armed Forces Tan Sri Hj Ismail Hj Omar Inspector General of Police Royal Malaysian Police Dato’ Mohamad Tajuddin Abd Wahab Secretary 49 .

we should move forward. Abdullah. This is in conjunction with the main theme of the conference “Reinforcing Malaysia Defence and Security: A Revisit”. The shifts occurring in the global geostrategic environment especially after the end of the Cold War and post 9/11 tragedy had brought the advent of traditional and non-traditional threats. This state of affair had removed any exclusivity within the domain of defence and internal security. The first speaker. The affliction in both forms of threats had blurred the concept of national security. where the line separating defence and internal security had became increasingly ambiguous. Director General Public Service Department The second plenary session started off with the moderator introducing the speakers of the session. where more comprehensive responses or the overall government approaches   50 . Gen Tan Sri Dato’ Sri Zulkifeli Mohd Zin stated that on the matters regarding the implementation of HANRUH.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 Plenary Session 2 Reinforcing National Defence and Security: A Revisit Through Blue Ocean Strategy Plenary session 2 moderated by Tan Sri Abu Bakar Hj.

Chapter 4 would be deemed necessary in addressing the issue. the main committee had formulated strategies and action plans to implement HANRUH. in fulfilling the requirements of HANRUH. Efforts to revive HANRUH in the 1990s were not forthcoming due to various constraints. The National Security Council (MKN) had resolved in 7 September 2006 to reintroduce HANRUH with a stronger determination to see its formalisation. On 12 July 2008. The same mechanisms had established 5 components of HANRUH. much has passed under the global geostrategic bridge. sovereignty and interest of the nation. With the revival of this concept in 2006. where the MAF’s HANRUH Main Committee was established in 28 August 2007 while the subcommittees were formed in 24 August 2009. Economic Defences and Security Preparedness. which are Psychological Defence. According to him. The prevailing circumstances resulted in the formalisation of the Total Defence Concept or ‘Pertahanan Menyeluruh’ (HANRUH). whereas the public security domain was under the purview of the Royal Malaysian Police (RMP). the MAF had conducted a number of studies. After much deliberation. Since then. the concept was presented to MKN and endorsed on 12 July 2008. the MAF went further on to list the desired end-state and ways to achieve the mission. non-governmental organizations and the citizens in defending the territory. HANRUH was included into the National Defence Policy as one of the fundamental pillars of its strategies. He added that the Malaysian Armed Forces (MAF) had studied the feasibility of HANRUH since 1986 as part of the National Defence Policy but since then. the corporate sectors. Societal Education and Goodwill. in line with the national strategy created by MKN. Gen Tan Sri Dato Sri Zulkifeli mentioned that the MAF were given the responsibility to oversee the defence domain in the security preparedness componen. Similarly. Much deliberations were conducted to ascertain the viability of HANRUH as part of the National Defence Policy since 1986. The first objective was to 51 . in light to the changing global geostrategic landscape and its impact on national defence. The concept had cascaded from the national military strategy formalised in 2004. Civil Preparedness. MKN provided the definition of HANRUH which is a form of approach towards the defence of the nation that involved the sum total of measures undertaken by various government agencies including the MAF.

to establish an analysis of the public opinion on national defence.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 Gen Tan Sri Dato Sri Zulkifeli Mohd Zin. the armed forces reserved force. which among others. On the strategy of the MAF. Second was to coordinate the regulatory and administrative arrangement to enable effective integration of capabilities. he elaborated that the MAF had formulated its strategies in realising the HANRUH concept. to implement all action plans systematically and proactively in conjunction with sound policies. calling for the following actions: first. third. to develop the MAF as a balanced and credible force. to ensure the defence of the nation in peace and during the event of emergency. to instil confidence of the public to support the MAF. and finally. The final objective was to ensure that the HANRUH Concept will act as a bridge in linking MAF with various agencies to provide essential services to the country and to enable the MAF to cooperate efficiently and effectively with other HANRUH components. military veterans and related security agencies. Chief of Defence Force integrate the capabilities of the regular force. second. Third was to enhance the understanding of the regular force. 52 . the armed forces reserves force and military veteran in the concept of HANRUH and its implementation.

- Instill understanding and awareness of defence and security: The MAF has utilised a number of platforms to meet the needs in engaging the public pragmatically. the achievements were as follows: - Maintaining a high a state of readiness: The modernisation of the MAF through the development of programmes in 4D MAF puts emphasis on effective command and control. utilising the situational force scoring would afford the element within MAF to be in a state of high readiness for any eventualities. continuously breaking the silos separating various government agencies through pragmatic interagency cooperation. intelligent. the PALAPES unit in the various universities and Malaysia’s Combined Cadet Unit or PKBM. the Hearts And Minds Programme and the NBOS. Combined with better mobility and continuous monitoring of forces’ readiness. by consolidating the effects of various platforms namely the Malaysian Armed Forces Strategic Development Plan (4D MAF). Malaysian Defence University. communication. especially the youth. The MAF. Thus. Third. to strengthen public-military cooperation or relationships. was able to achieve significant result in implementing HANRUH as stipulated in its strategies. the National Service Programme. in undertaking its responsibilities. the MAF is reaching out to all levels of society through the recruitment. exhibitions and road shows. Similarly. he stressed that the MAF had developed its course of actions which would contribute towards achieving the desired end-state. The transformation towards becoming a full spectrum force would allow effective responses throughout the spectrum of operations whether against traditional or non traditional threats. He mentioned that the MAF were able to engage a bigger segment of society. The first course of action was to maintain the MAF in the state of high level of readiness. while enhancing our state of readiness. One of the key platforms were the training programmes provided to quasi-military bodies such as the reserved forces. was to instil the understanding and a deep sense of awareness related to security among the population. surveillance and reconnaissance system which harnesses the network-centric platform.Chapter 4 In implementing the strategies. targeting youth 53 . was to develop the public support for the MAF and finally. Second. computer.

In addition all approaches by media were utilised to disseminate information on defence and national security to the public. Present. In addition. In a nutshell. By implementing our social obligation. the conduct of media operations had enabled the organisation to dispel negative public perceptions of the military. - Developing public support for the MAF: Routine hearts and minds operation. another example was the collaboration between Royal Malaysian Navy and MISC in ‘Ops Fajar’. Similarly. - Strengthening public-military relationship: The backbone to the public-military cooperation or relationship lies in the efficient and effective inter-agency cooperation. the ‘Rakyat’ today has confidence of the ownership of MAF. State and District levels. Through carefully planned strategies. we were able to 54 .MiDAS Conference Report 2011 from both rural and urban areas. Our timely and comprehensive efforts in humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations have brought the public closer to MAF. Hence. Actions ranging from building roads in rural areas. where a GLC-owned ship was converted into an auxiliary naval vessel to protect Malaysian flag ships in the Gulf of Eden. the MAF was able to collaborate with more government agencies and touch base with a bigger segment of agencies in the society. Such example would be the successful execution of ‘Operation Pyramid’ where Malaysians were evacuated from Egypt with the asistance from a number of government agencies. the inception of the NBOS had provided yet another avenue to further enhance inter-agency cooperation. providing houses for the poor. combined with activities under the NBOS programmes have provided the MAF opportunities to further develop public support to the organisation. Similarly. extending medical services to the public and supporting the RMP in crime prevention have endeared MAF among the general public. the MAF is well presented in security and development committee at all levels: Federal. This was evident through the implementation of various MKN instructions requiring an overall government approach. the MAF is present in a number of inter-agency forums where it has successfully broken the interagency silos with significant results.

such as the ‘Heart and Mind Operations’ and trainings at various levels. 11 (KESBAN). apart from its traditional objectives. these exercises related to human capital and resources such as energy resources and food should be conducted. 55 . Similarly. Gen Tan Sri Dato Sri Zulkifeli. in addressing religious and racial prejudices within certain quarters of the society. such endeavours would familiarise the affected group on the various Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) related to HANRUH and increases the shared awareness of the relevant parties. in elaborating “The Way Forward” mentioned that the Malaysian government has had successful track records in implementing the overall government approach. The final challenge was the mobilisation of man. The MAF will continue its efforts. Despite the achievements. which according to him. the implementation of HANRUH was not without challenges which required detailed analysis and sound resolutions. The activities were repackaged to include the implementation of HANRUH. This may be done through a simulation where processes and procedures are tested. the MAF was able to run various HANRUH activities by optimising and maximising routine programmes.Chapter 4 reach to a more diverse group of agencies through the various platforms developed. provided the blueprint in coordinating efforts by all relevant agencies to combat communist terrorists during the emergency. Among the challenges was the budget constraint and despite it. Various programmes were planned to further engage the society and emphasise on the vital role in the defence of the nation. The monumental MKN instruction No. machine and method. Rectifying this would require a shift in the mindset of the public through progressive and pragmatic engagements by the MAF. Another challenge was on the public’s perception that the defence of the nation was the exclusive responsibility of the MAF and this continues to exist within the society. The next challenge was on social structure where the MAF was able to cut across the religious and racial barriers by encouraging more non-Bumiputeras to be enlisted in the military. other government agencies and the corporate sectors. This had allowed the MAF to stretch the `Ringgit’ without incurring additional costs while achieving the desired end-result.

the Ministry of Defence The HANRUH concept should be seen as an extension of KESBAN but involving a wider spectrum rather than combating lawlessness and anarchy instigated by the Communist Party of Malaya (CPM). the government continues to adopt this new approach by restructuring the security executive committees at all tiers of the government to address non-traditional threats and undertake nation building efforts collectively. In light to this. comparisons on both KESBAN and HANRUH should be seriously considered. After the end of the communist terrorists’ threat by 1989. there should be a concerted effort to integrate these programmes under HANRUH.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 Gen Tan Sri Dato Sri Zulkifeli Mohd Zin receiving a memento from Dato’ Sri Hj Ismail Hj Ahmad. To ensure that HANRUH was able to meet the demand of the global environment. 56 . various agencies have conducted autonomous public action programmes to draw the ‘Rakyat’ closer to the government. Above all. so that it could produce comprehensive impacts to the society. He added that it was important for those involved to continuously refer to the NDP in order to gauge the effectiveness of HANRUH. It would also provide valuable information to the defence plan in formulating contingency plans by accommodating policies. Secretary General. The study would benefit MKN and provide adjustments in the implementation of HANRUH holistically. The Malaysian government had implemented an overall government approach since Independence. in addressing contemporary and changing defence scenarios.

This will ensure all agencies to be well aware of the measures taken to enhance the mechanisms and the possibilities of mobilising their assets. the concept which affects the society and the government as a whole would have its inheriting challenges. The second speaker. This complex state of affairs could be resolved with efficient and effective implementation of HANRUH as a national security programme which would have a greater impact to other components of the government and the society. multi-racial and multi-religious society. With the purpose of unity. He also believes that the government should utilise all media platforms to instil awareness in the defence and security of the nation. dedicated and ever willing to sacrifice for the well being of this great nation. Needless to say. it has blurred the distinction between defence and internal security. the fluidity of escalation during a crisis would demand a network centric architecture in providing such awareness. Gen Tan Sri Dato Sri Zulkifeli stressed that the occurrence of traditional and non traditional threats have left a larger portion of the society vulnerable. the successful implementation of HANRUH would result in greater confidence of the `Rakyat’ towards the government and the MAF in particular. This would constitute the command and control element of HANRUH and needless to say. HANRUH would the vital to drive the nation towards greater height and simultaneously creating Malaysians who are patriotic. it should be formulated as an overall government approach.Chapter 4 Since HANRUH involves a mixture of agencies including government and non-government organisations. It would also enable faster and effective decision making by various agencies involved in the event of any emergency. Enhancing awareness on defence and security should not be delegated primarily to the Armed Forces alone or the RMP. In the same note. instead. All these make Malaysia 57 . This should include the effective use of alternative media which can easily attract younger generations. In addition. In conclusion. it is pertinent that MKN allows shared awareness among all parties involved. Tan Sri Hj Ismail Hj Omar stated that our beloved Malaysia was a small country with a small population base limited natural resources. effective management and sound leadership. where the emphasis of development is on the former but the latter seems to be preoccupied by the MAF.

participating in emergency exercises. Total Defence comprises psychological defence. upgrading our skills. physiological weaknesses by those who may wish to do us harm. Conflicts between countries were no longer just military in nature. To ensure that these threats can be dealt with adequately. he mentioned that social defence was about Malaysians of all races and religions living and working in harmony. social or economic classes.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 vulnerable. As a nation with small population and small armed forces. Further. The concept of Total Defence provides a framework for a comprehensive integrated response to deal with all kinds of threats and challenges. be it a security threat or national crisis. destroying social cohesion by exploiting differences in races. social. and get involved in the defence of our country. building stronger bonds with different races and religion. We destroy the national resilience by using psychological warfare to play on the peoples’ fear and apprehension and waging economic war through economic boycotts. Total Defence brings together all relevant government agencies. In Total Defence. civil and military defence. trade sanctions or sabotaging the economy. our people are organised and defend the country against all types of attacks. we need to draw on the different strengths and abilities of our community to justify our defence capabilities. not only to threats but also the exploitation of our economic. It is the defence capability that involves not only the MAF. Introduced in 1986. was about the things that we can do every day. and fueling the pride of being a Malaysian. religion. When we take national service seriously. Total Defence. both military and non-military. economic. Potential threats can appear in less obvious and non-conventional ways. social. private sectors. the RMP and other enforcement agencies but the participation of the entire nation. cultures. the concept of Total Defence was adopted from experiences of countries like Switzerland and Sweden. language. the concept of Total Defence was introduced. for example. political. To build a strong 58 . He added that when Malaysians take personal responsibility for. in every level of society to strengthen our resilience as a nation. organisations and Malaysians in a coordinated effort to deal effectively with these threats and challenges. we are actually contributing to Total Defence. they are actually playing their part to help and keep Malaysia safe and secured.

Inspector General of Police defence. respect as well as equal opportunity for all regardless of race. we should be looking for acceptance and not just tolerance. It will remind them that Malaysia is defendable and worth defending for. inculcate and give Malaysians a sense of belonging and love for the nation. the majority of the population understood that our shared national objectives were built on the 59 . Volunteering will instil. after more than half of a century developing and growing the economy together and achieving a united nation. It will indirectly remind them on the importance of Total Defence. These include showing care and concern for the less fortunate and under privileged. He believed that.Chapter 4 Tan Sri Hj Ismail Hj Omar. We should be prepared to sacrifice for the greater good. language or religion. as well as active participation in volunteer work. As pointed out by the Prime Minister. Volunteering and nation building are required because this is the beginning of the differences between the parts of the society. Problems need to be solved with a solution and not to be ignored. Malaysians should not be idealistic as to be incapable to fight. there must be good racial and religious tolerance. It also sends out the message that only Malaysians have the will to defend Malaysia. Nation building requires compromise.

being a multi-racial and multi-religious society. The divide and rule policy that kept the majority Malay Muslims in paddy field. Soon the Chinese and the Indians came for trade and employment. According to him. national resilience was a set of rules out of self resilience. The Malaysian colonial legacy takes back to the early 1500s when the Portuguese. Any insensitive or unthoughtful decisions made by the government or any authorities will trigger racial issues such as racial riots or strikes. It is only by being inclusive and participative that the various sectors of our society could be productively engaged. Chinese in urban business areas. nation building will materialise. tolerant and forward looking. He also touched on national resilience. togetherness and familiar 60 . Secretary General of the Ministry of Defence appreciation of diversity. He also asked the question on what is racial harmony and believed it is when people of different races with different nationalities come together to work hard and live harmoniously as one big family in a nation. Malaysians. When a society is open. Dutch and British vested control over our nation. must cultivate racial harmony as our way of life. and Indians in rubber plantations had created tension largely due to the economic classes that remained after Independence. Everyone should be very clear of their counterparts’ cultures and practices as to avoid any unnecessary mistakes whether in speeches or our daily behaviours.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 Tan Sri Hj Ismail Hj Omar receiving a memento from Dato’ Sri Hj Ismail Hj Ahmad.

Facebook and Twitter in the ideology of openness. Twitter and Blackberry Messenger were used in Egypt when people took to the street to protest against President Mubarak. Distorted perceptions were used in our country to establish a situation of fear and the illusion of crime. respond and recover from any potential changes and threats inclusive of economic warfare. YouTube. Despite many accomplishments. Global censorships are the envy of the world. all pointed to the urgent need in addressing the country’s social wellbeing. the unresolved drug trafficing. The increasing crime rates. We see our culture that glorifies violence. Similarly. The success of Malaysia in implementing Total Defence. and communication technology development but on how we build a society that is morally. corruption in the public and private sectors and culture at violence. creating 61 .Chapter 4 spirit that consisted of skills and strengths of a nation in facing challenges and threats. Since the 1990s. The need of national security were not established to protect itself from harm but nations must gather its value for those imposed by other nations or states. The same internet technology that allowed young people to become a citizen of the world was used to create misleading perceptions. As seen in the ‘London Riot’. It portrays a scenario of lawlessness. The dark side of social media was and is still used by groups of criminals to organise their criminal activities. information. the social progress of our society was still lagging. The good side of social media was already well known. Resilience would allow Malaysians to prevent. scienctific. spiritually and mentally strong and healthy. Companies are using social media to enhance communications and render customer engagements. Wikipedia. not only depended on economic. it was said to be coordinated through social media. Taking Japan as an example. It is used by millions of people worldwide to connect and network with friends and families. show disrespect towards authority and everything was about human rights but mentioned nothing about responsibility. they have faced the tsunami and pulled out with resilience. the media not only had created unrivalled television programming but have aided digital medias such as Google. Building the culture of resilience holds the key in creating a culture of preparedness. social media in the form of Facebook. Malaysians must take responsibility for the failing values and declining social standards that are prevalent today.

and without doubt. in which unity and racial harmony among the people are crucial to provide social cohesion which is necessary to guarantee stability in the country and its survival as a nation that is at peace with itself. National security can be defined as a situation where the necessary measures are in place to preserve. driving away tourists and even foreign investments. maintain and ensure Malaysia as a nation. In focusing and unifying our differences in culture and perspectives. on territorial integrity where the physical security of the country at both state and federal levels are being safe. We must learn to talk and conduct ourselves peacefully. The last speaker. standing at No.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 fear in businesses. He elaborated that national security consisted three main elements. The national security. Dato’ Mohamad Tajuddin Abd Wahab started his presentation by giving the meaning of the national security. Second. respectfully and responsibly about our past. It must be sectioned socially. come together as a united force in the Total Defence of this beloved nation. First. was a prerequisite to political stability which in turn is essential to provide a conducive environment for economic growth and prosperity. He concluded by stressing that we must emphasise the incentives of building up a nation to be greater and more compelling than breaking it down. the World Global Peace Index had reported that Malaysia was the 19th safest place in the world. 2 in Asia and No. as well as gain respect and 62 . of any disconnection. This is the power of perception. he strongly believed that Malaysians will. Thus. is free from all internal and external threats. of our shared investment and the responsibility for the future of our nation. guarded to ensure that Malaysia exists as a nation whose borders are secured at all times and finally on national sovereignty which refers to the ability to enhance and defend Malaysia’s national interest. present and future. the people will continue to believe and form their own opinion. However. according to him. in Total Defence we must address this issue of perception by formulating strategies. The efforts taken by the RMP under the NKRA which effectively brought down the index of street crime by 15% were ignored and perceived to be manipulated. 1 for South East Asia. on national integration. The bottom line was that if the false truth or half-truths were not challenged and corrected. politically and if necessary also legally.

Secretary of National Security Council 63   . The underlying philosophy was that. involving the best of the military. but it was also said that wars are far too dangerous to leave to the politicians too. The policy was put into practice by applying the doctrine of deterrence and the concept of Total Defence. It was said that wars were too much of a serious business to be left to the Generals. The concept of Total Defence encompasses both the holistic and integrated efforts by agencies of the government. the responsibility of defending the country should not be shouldered only by the security forces. The doctrine of deterrence is aimed at discouraging potential adversaries from pursuing policies by adopting measures that inhibits peaceful means of resolving conflicts. the private sector. think tank intellectuals. the defence’s bureaucratic and political minds. non-governmental bodies and the public as a whole. the business of managing wars must be done collectively. He also highlighted that the main objective of Malaysia’s Defence Policy was to protect its strategic interest and national security. It called for the application of denial strategy and the development of a credible Armed Forces with effective war fighting capabilities to deter any acts of hostilities or aggression by adversaries. as well as the masses to be engaged in a collective supporting directives.Chapter 4 recognition at the international fora as a responsible member of the international community. Undoubtedly. Dato’ Mohamad Tajuddin Abd Wahab. to defend the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the country.

Finland. HANRUH. emergency or war. disaster. HANRUH will involve not only the mobilisation of the government’s machineries. Against the regional backdrop of post-Vietnam War and the re-emerging threat of the MCP. The absence of a detailed blueprint or Standing Order for the execution of HANRUH had costed the idea to remain essentially at the stage of conceptualisation. In 2006. human capacity and other resources. a high-level seminar passed a resolution.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 Parties involved must know their roles. The paper was successfully prepared and HANRUH was formally approved for implementation in the MKN meeting. materials. He also said that although HANRUH has been approved for adoption in June 2008. Thus. it is no longer realistic to think about maintaining national security or adopting defence policies solely in the terms of military power and geopolitical arena. Switzerland and Singapore. with a view to its full implementation as early as possible. The necessary capabilities must therefore be developed to bring together all 27 million Malaysians to face such threat. Estonia. the private sectors and the public in general but will require making available sufficient finances. The list of values considered the essential elements of national security had already increased. stressing the urgency of implementing HANRUH. the very purpose of the presentation was to initiate for further discussions on the concept and to make HANRUH more relevant to the present time. responsibilities and contributions they must make in dealing with any situation of crisis. chaired by the Prime Minister on 2 Jun 2008. Sweden. In 1986. They now include not only non-traditional security 64 . the situation was timely to implement HANRUH at that time. Total Defence is a noble concept and it was adopted by other countries including Denmark. as described by Armed Forces Chief and Inspector General Police in their speeches. In order to execute HANRUH. Today. 5 substantive components should already be in place. the existing policy framework was still very much in a process of being implemented. rather than implementation. originally conceptualised in 1986. the MKN was asked to work together with MinDef to implement HANRUH and on 10 April 2007. In practice. was definitely unsuitable for application at the context of present day regional and international security environments. HANRUH was introduced as an essential component in the formulation of the National Defence Policy.

challenges remained in making the idea of Total Defence a truly national undertaking. This fact had contributed to the delay in HANRUH’s implementation. It is generally accepted that modern day national security refers to the resilient and the ability of a nation to cope with. endure and survive a variety of challenges. Malaysia had successfully fought the communist terorists’ insurgency and was able to destroy its militant threat during the early stages of the country’s Independence since 1957. that involves everyone in the country. It exists in a non-conventional and asymmetrical environment. The need to adopt a holistic approach to security was again emphasised. to sharpen the skill so that HANRUH could effectively be implemented. and this task lies in the hands of all agencies concerned and not just MKN or MinDef. changeable and unpredictable in forms. security and prosperity of the people. especially for a young nation. In some ways. When the spirit of HANRUH was finally instilled. The economic crisis of 1997. striving to maintain its survival in the face of various challenges to national unity. terrorist attacks 65 . Elaborating “The Way Forward”. However. cultural identity and social stability. Transferring a concept paper into reality was no easy task but this challenge must be accepted by creating a detailed action plan and identifying specific goals within precise time lines. the challenges to national security continued to exist in other forms. particularly in the face of external influences. where threats are now no longer limited to the battlefields.Chapter 4 issues but economic independence. Addressing these challenges for the purpose of preserving national security and territorial integrity will invariably be a continuing process. prosperity and wellbeing. The next level of challenges now are to find ways and means to attract and steer the target groups. these new challenges forced an even greater threat to national stability and consequently national security. threats and challenges to national security have become increasingly complex. Indeed. Globalisation had changed the dimensions and roles of a state in maintaining peace. he said that the changing of internal and external environment had significant influence on the course of events. It was necessary to concentrate not only on hard power but also on soft powers as equally important ingredients for preserving national security.

is more transnational. He also mentioned that the past decade had seen the beginning of a shift in the global approach to security. had expanded progressively to incorporate the basic needs for the community’s wellbeing in the world. global and inter-dependent. These latest form of threats are not linked to any particular territory. management and the nature of threat to national security. as the function of the state to protect itself. The events changed the trend of thoughts and perceptions regarding safety. there are still the need 66 . since the beginning of the 21st century and demanded that the actors work together. However. he added. an agenda. with the threats onstage are diminishing while threats from other sources are increasing.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 Plenary session 2 participants on 11 September 2001 in the Unites States and the tsunami in Acheh in 26 December 2004 gave rise to several new dimensions to the security of countries in the world. despite the sea of change which had taken place at the international security environment. National security architectures need to be reviewed at both national and international level. There are 4 major elements into the international security architecture which extends beyond military component. Security. It has the plurality of actors where a state was no longer the exclusive factor and at-large.

the transformation of HANRUH should start now. social and physiological defence). as to make the concept relevant to the present situation in the country and to suit the multi faceted context of the Malaysian community. in the military context. The new HANRUH. This operation should include Civil-Military Cooperation (CIMIC). emergency or war. where it has always been associated with the Armed Forces. As a lead agency for coordinating security policy. as proposed by Dato’ Mohamad Tajuddin. Therefore. On the aspect of public preparedness. the new Resilience Concept should be based on 3 main components (public preparedness.Chapter 4 for a comprehensive Total Defence as part of the NDP. From it. MKN is of the view that the desire to introduce new approaches to HANRUH with elements pertinent to national resilience are important to be incorporated and maintaining most of the existing elements. the country’s defence capabilities will be enhanced and at the same time. Likewise. as part of transformating from the old concept. This was in fact reflected in the publication of the Policy in 2010 by MinDef. emergency or war. asset preparedness and resources preparedness). joint operation doctrines were developed to provide general guidelines for the deployment of military personnel and assets in Military Operations Other Then War (MOOTW). It will also be able to instil moral values and forge greater unity among the country’s multi ethnic society. in which the concept of HANRUH was included as one of the basic principles of defence. civil. the speaker defined this as the readiness of the Malaysian people to participate and contribute accordingly when the country faces crisis. With the support from the public. sustain national unity. assets and resources of the country in the face of any situation be it a crisis. should be renamed “National Resilience”. economic. It is the most important component for determining the success of a national resilience concept. we can branch out to the other aspects while maintaining and carrying the original elements of HANRUH. Humanitarian Assistant and Disaster Relief (HADR). territorial integrity and sovereignty. counter-terrorism and peace keeping operations. disaster. 67 . disaster. Unlike the previous HANRUH that was known for Total Defence and comprised 5 main elements (military. The new approach emphasised more to the mobilisation of people. This would also help to dispel the stereotypical thinking behind the term `defence’.

telecommunication. Such directives would outline the implementation mechanisms. emergency or war.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 He also discussed on the asset preparedness. In his conclusion. response and recovery. circulated via MKN Directives. Proper management of assets can reduce the risk of disaster and crisis. In concluding the session. disaster. building. preparedness. the concept of national resilience must be given a more dynamic definition and the content should be reviewed periodically to ensure the document remains relevant to meet the ever changing nation. the project was still at the stage of conceptualisation and refinement. problems encountered and lessons learnt from the implementation of the newly transform HANRUH must be fully recorded for the benefit of future implementers. which will include guidelines on the roles and responsibilities of relevant agencies in the implementation and management of the new concept. Finally. This is to ensure that concrete achievements will be made in terms of objectives. which include resources and essential goods. he said that although this new approach had taken into account the current developments. considered as the most vital element in the management of national security and include both public and private ownership. it might be sufficient to put into place an Executive Order from the Prime Minister. which according to him. implementations. The third element in his discussion was on resources preparedness. He stressed that only 68 . water. raw material and basic necessities. emergency medical services. energy. Among the nation’s suggested resources identified were food. Among the assets identified are transportation. The strategic planning and implementation processes must indicate clear targets and achievable timelines. infrastructure and other supporting assets. the moderator emphasised that it was important for all agencies to work hand in glove. However at the early stage. and strategic services that will meet the needs of a country to survive in the time of emergency. The presentation reflected the outcome of our series of inter-agency meeting and discussions conducted over the last two years. especially in terms of prevention. Resources preparedness refers to the ability of good services in the time of crisis. schedules and issues. He added that MKN was reviewing the legal framework to ensure its compliance with the concept.

spiritually and mentally strong and healthy. information and communication technology developments but also on building a society that is morally. in order to be well prepared and to support or complement each other in time of need. scienctific. Relevant agencies such as the MKN.Chapter 4 then policies supporting the HANRUH concept can be periodically examined. Dato’ Mohamad Tajuddin receiving a memento from Dato’ Sri Hj Ismail Hj Ahmad. it depends not only on economic. Secretary General of the Ministry of Defence 69 . to ensure the success of implementing Total Defence. The moderator suggested. MAF and RMP should cooperate between agencies.

70 .

Chapter 6 Plenary Session 3 Harnessing Natural Resources for Emergency Responses MODERATOR Dato Abdul Rahim Mohd Radzi Deputy Secretary General (Security) Ministry of Home Affairs SPEAKERS Gen Tan Sri Dato Sri Rodzali Daud Chief of Air Force Royal Malaysian Air Force Admiral Tan Sri Dato Sri Hj Abdul Aziz Jaafar Chief of Navy Royal Malaysian Navy Dato Hj Abdul Halim Abdul Hamid Director General Civil Defence Department 71 .

the First Quarter of 2011 was a frantic time to all. Back to back public unrest in the Middle East and North African countries.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 Plenary Session 3 Harnessing Natural Resources for Emergency Responses Plenary session 3 moderated by Dato Abdul Rahim Mohd Radzi. such as massive power surge that resulted in a nationwide blackout. Yet. environmental accidents or services disruption. Never 72 . Ministry of Home Affairs   The third plenary session began with the moderator introducing the speakers for the session. we may consider a disaster as an event with a very low probability to occur in our community. have claimed many innocent lives. The first speaker. The exodus of foreign citizens left stranded vigorously in danger and the increase of displaced persons in neighbouring countries are a common sight of this aftermath. Deputy Secretary General (Security). natural disasters such as floods. as well as deadly natural disasters that occurred in Japan and New Zealand. could occur to our community at any time. Gen Tan Sri Dato Sri Rodzali Daud (RMAF) stated that in our daily lives. As we are all aware.

000 Malaysian students studying there. Managing crisis and executing remedial actions immediately and effectively during the time of emergency are indeed crucial. We were again shocked by the advent at Typhoon Greg in Sabah in 1996. Hence. is not spared from such emergency scenarios. be it a political unrest. natural disasters or any other crisis.Chapter 5 in the history of mankind have we faced such circumstances. was an unprecedented event for all of us. In addition. it is of utmost importance for us to harness all the available resources to cope with future disasters. To do so. These incidents not only triggered the government to face such predicament but evoked the sense of fear among international communities across borders. the operation can be used as a benchmark for other future approaches. His presentation focused on the recent ‘Operation Pyramid’ as an example. regardless of the threats involved. working and studying abroad. the Highland Towers tragedy in 1993 was a reminder of what could happen if we were caught unprepared for any eventuality. the mudslide tragedy at Pos Dipang and the calamity that hit Madrasah Taqwa orphanage at Hulu Langat which claimed 16 innocent lives. especially expatriates and profesionals residing temporarily. Since we are neither immune nor invulnerable to these kinds of situations. These events served as a wakeup call for governments around the world to analyse its crisis management and emergency response mechanisms thoroughly and to ensure the greatest extent possible that their peoples are protected from harm. He added that Malaysia should strive in enhancing its existing crisis management as well as our emergency response mechanism. the emphasis should not only be given on developing an effective plan. identifying our resources carefully and harnessing them accordingly was indeed critical. With some minor adjustments. The recent outbreak of public unrest in Egypt in January 2011 had affected 8. We should also keep in mind that Malaysia. since it involves all the right tools of harnessing national resources in times for emergency responses. identifying risks and potential challenges but also to develop a good coordination system between the relevant parties in order to ensure smooth execution of respective contingency 73 .

When referring to national resources. Due 74 . In the case of facing a crisis abroad. ensuring smooth coordination and establishing timely communication network of all available resources as well as formulating steps to evacuate our nationals from the troubled hotspot. these do not solely indicate tangible or intangible resources owned by the government but the mobilising of assistance from the private sectors as needed. launched at a short notice and executed within a short period of time.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 Gen Tan Sri Dato Sri Rodzali Daud. the force will need to track our nationals abroad. The RMAF dispatched three of its C130 aircrafts. NGOs and foreign agencies in executing evacuation by sea and air. the private sector. loaded with food and the required equipments. the management of crisis was undertaken by the Emergency Crisis Management Task Force led by MKN of the Prime Minister’s Department. The three C130s made 18 flights between Cairo and Alexandria to Jeddah. This task force was responsible in developing plans by gathering all the information and resources required. Chief of Air Force   plans. In Malaysia. as a decent manifestation of a close cooperation and strong collaboration between the government. He also gave the example on the success of ‘Operation Pyramid’. together with the commercial aircrafts of Malaysia Airlines and Air Asia working together evacuate Malaysian students out of Egypt to Jeddah by air.

No doubt both missions were carried out successfully. This was in line with one of the provisions under the UN Security Council Resolution 1973 calling for the Member States to assist in evacuating other nationals out of Libya.Chapter 5 to the time sensitive nature of the mission and limited passenger capacity of the C130. which focused on Malaysian nationals. It was imperative for a small country like Malaysia to continue engaging and building rapport with other countries at all levels. also extended assistance to evacuate our 1. For evacuation by sea. It was the close relationship between the political and military leaders of both countries that facilitated the process of getting diplomatic clearance and resolving other related issues. In preparing for future contingencies. we should improve on current procedures to achieve better results in the future. Apart from ‘Operation Pyramid’. the C130s used in ‘Operation Sahara’ was mobilised to evacuate our nationals from Tunisia to Rome. however. At the same time. Our diplomatic relations with the neighbouring countries of the troubled states were a great help during the time of need. not long after the conclusion of ‘Operation Pyramid’. also extended their assistance to ensure smooth evacuation of its workers and Malaysian students in Libya. Malaysia as a concerned member of the international community. many lessons could be learnt especially when such missions were relatively new to us. He also stressed that the credit should also be given to Lembaga Tabung Haji for providing the accommodation for the students upon arriving in Jeddah. One of the challenges faced in conducting this operation was diplomatic clearance. In both operations. governments and all key stakeholders was essential in achieving a comprehensive and supportive approach in responding to a crisis. a Malaysian private company operating in Libya. it was a round-the-clock effort to fly Malaysians out of Egypt to the transit point before being flown back to Malaysia. The relevance to the development and the maintenance of safer sustainable communities.000 nationals out of Libya in late February during ‘Operation Sahara’. Emergency management professionals recognised the fact that working together with communities. the MKN functioned as the lead agency in coordinating and mobilising all available national resources. Ranhill. Italy. in ensuring a comprehensive approach in 75 . Bunga Mas 5 was planned to join the effort.

He added. Wisma Putra should be the key player in the aspects of coordination especially in foreign relations. In addition. In regard to national and 76 . At the national level. the C130 has its limitations in terms of payload. Once an instruction is given.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 emergency management there must be effective arrangement and close coordination on the activities of the government requires the involvement and cooperation of all parties including the NGOs. as well as range. Effective coordination between agencies could therefor be achieved. MKN only needs to analyse for indicators during information gathering and a sign a set of triggers and come up with recommended plan for immediate cabinet approval. an effective framework for an emergency management requires a high-level of collaboration and coordination within that crosses all levels of government and non-government stakeholders. He highlighted the challenges encountered by the RMAF during the ‘Operation Pyramid’ and suggested ways to mitigate measures for future occurances. Although our aircrafts were always ready for deployment. He also mentioned that the evacuation of our nationals during ‘Operation Pyramid’ could have been better executed if we have anticipated the indicators in a timely manner and the delays in getting our nationals on flights and for diplomatic clearance. the private sectors and individual volunteers. developing a structured pre-crisis organisation with set procedures was a wise initiative in meeting anticipated contingencies and establishing networks between the organisations involved. The most important lessons learned was the significance of effective collaboration and close coordination among the agencies involved agencies in the success of an emergency response operation. MKN will lead and coordinate with relevant stakeholders in executing the mission. Professional and technical advisors should be taken in account during the making of key policy decisions and later conveyed to all concerned parties. Having this readily in place before the time of crisis. If we were to use a better aircraft such Airbus in future similar operations in the future could be carried out more effectively and efficiently. These arrangements are to ensure that key policy decisions in the preparedness for the response to any crisis or major emergency should be established at the highest level.

Constant and timely updates on the situation is very important which could give a head’s up to the mission crews in developing viable plans upon their arrival at the area. The second speaker. a centralized agency such as MKN. damage to property or the environment. there should not be any arising matters. He felt that Malaysia should not stop at where we are now but must improve and develop better crisis management strategies to better manage crisis which is beyond the normal rescue and evacuation procedures. excellent measures and coordination must first be in place and this is truly the essence of HANRUH. Traditional military communication sets are important controlled items or even prohibited in certain countries and this will require alternative communication methods such as mobile phones and communications through social media. This would minimise operational disruptions in terms of telecommunications. which would have assisted RMAF to execute the emergency response mission. the MAF. Our previous involvement in those aspects could be further enhanced for us to be equally capable internationally. It also defined non-disastrous incidents under the purview 77 . Mercy Malaysia. 20 is an incident that occurs in a sudden manner. There. as well as affecting the daily activities of the local community. He concluded that being prepared for any crisis was very crucial and harnessing national resources during an emergency response was important to protect our national interest. should cater the financial implications throughout the operation in a timely manner. This demanded a collective effort from all parties concerned like the Public Work Department. RMP and MKN. complex in nature and resulting in the loss of lives. He believed today’s discourse would be able to propose measures to enhance our present systems and mechanisms in responding to a wider of emergencies.Chapter 5 international emergency responses. The Ministry of Finance (MOF) should provide a separate contingency fund instead of using the current operational expenditure of the agency involved. Disaster. Special Malaysian Assistance Rescue Team (SMART). as defined in MKN Directive No. Admiral Tan Sri Dato Sri Hj Abdul Aziz Jaafar stated that it was timely for this subject be revisited and became the topic of discourse in this conference. especially the bureaucracy in preparing the funds available.

The roles of MAF with regard to emergency response. small fire. Thus. responding to emergencies has been a significant activity for the RMN. its strategic interests and the sea lines of communication. requires immidiate emergency response. carry out search and rescue and provide evacuation and immediate assistance. no matter how big or small the magnitude are. The RMN possesses certain attributes that enable them to launch emergency responses at any time of the day. where MAF should assist and provide services of personnel. Non-disastrous incidents may include vehicle accidents. 20. to nearly every corner of Malaysia. This was due to its ability in coordinating and organising quick responses on the scene. However. were specified in both the MKN Directives No. emergency responses should not be segregated between nondisastrous or disastrous. the MAF will always be ready to perform their responsibilities in extending emergency responses around the clock to any part of the country. particularly in areas where accessibility through land is limited. (divers.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 of MKN No. Non-disastrous incidents are incidents that involve a small number of victims and only effecting the victims’ involved. The MAF is also obligated to provide contingency plans for emergency response. provide specialised services. Incidents that are of higher magnitude than non-disastrous incident are considered a disaster. outbreak or accident in lakes or rivers. as well as providing unrivalled logistical support. poise and persistence. The MAF can deliver critical support when responding to any emergency responses. Emergency response is an enormous responsibility that requires the coordination of all parties. 20 and No. mobility. next to the primary role of safeguarding the nation’s sovereignty. equipment and transport vehicles. engineering and medical). He further elaborated on RMN’s strategies and attributes such as readiness. The capabilities available on all RMN assets are unparallel in terms of operational mobility. recovery of stability effort is therefore invaluable. 21. machinery. as well as providing critical assistance during any emergencies. lift capability and 78 . versatility. Today. The value of deploying the armed forces in any national emergency be it disaster relief. All incidents. its definition dictated that emergency responses be rendered without prejudice and part of disaster management.

emergency responses were also launched from RMN bases to cater for non-disastrous incidents to conduct MEDEVAC and search for victims of drowning cases. Chief of Navy leverage into various perspective. Occasionally. He also mentioned that as of today. 79 . capable of providing logistics and medical facilities to support emergency response though never been used as emergency relief centres. During the ‘Operation Pyramid’. the RMN has assets in areas ready to provide emergency responses against any distress or disaster. Several RMN capabilities can be deployed.Chapter 5 Admiral Tan Sri Dato Sri Hj Abdul Aziz Jaafar. rendered and utilised which the nation can count on for emergency response for example. mobility and reach. RMN vessels are capable to be deployed for emergency responses and provide logistics relief and support. Due to its lift capability. RMN had their ships stationed and ready to evacuate the our nationals during the unrest in Egypt. These places are accessible through all means of transportation and vehicles for emergency responses can be launched from these bases at any time. numerous emergency responses were launched from these bases. They were heavily involved in rescuing fishermen from pirates in its maritime area. the RMN has seven main bases all over the country that are readiling to be use as refuge centres in times of emergency.

He believes where RMN in this lacked area can be complemented by other agencies. 80 . It is also part of RMN’s secondary role in the time of peace. The notable challenges were speed and lack of smaller assets such as assault boats. district or national level. which can be enhanced through personal and institutional relationships among these agencies. It is vital that disasters could occur anywhere and at any time.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 Even though maritime search and rescue is under the jurisdiction of MMEA. the public and private sectors should not be blamed if they were unable to contribute efficiently due to the lack of awareness on the mechanisms existed at the local. Firstly. the communication gaps and increase collaboration by conducting drills and exercises at any opportunities availble. is to contain or mitigate the effect of disastrous or catastrophic event to prevent any further loss of lives and property. At the higher level. Lessons learned and experiences shared from drills and exercises will be invaluable during the time of emergency. he believed that responding in a timely fashion requires effective planning and communications. On a positive note. The fact about harnessing national resources indicated that not one agency in Malaysia was capable to provide a wide range of emergency responses due to their limitations. He added that emergency response is the first and immediate response taken by any party in order to aggregate decisions and measures. the RMN helicopters and crews were well trained and ready to render its assistance in support of emergency operations. Likewise. the RMN also has its own challenges and limitations. Hence. be better prepared and respond efficiently when the need arises. seen as the effort in endeavouring the government’s calls for the BOS. Harnessing national resources for emergency response should also include the general public and the commercial community. he also mentioned that the collaboration between RMN and Malaysia International Shipping Corporation (MISC) had created a greater awareness in the contributions and roles of MISC in assisting during emergency responses. we should strive to strengthen the relationship. to assist various national agencies in the conduct of search and rescue operation during peace time. A good example would be the operations in the Gulf of Aden. However.

the nation may require an active involvement of its population. accessible to the public so that greater awareness on how to react and what could be contributed can be shared nationally. the MSS will provide faster and more effective methods to deliver supplies and equipment to affected areas not only in our country but to other parts of this region. Its independent communication networks. began by giving a brief historical background on the establishment of Civil Defence Department Malaysia (JPAM). He also informed that the MAF does have a future plan of acquiring Multi Role Support Ships (MSS) that would further enhance the capability in rendering emergency response and its follow on support operation. However. He added that civil defence during wartime was any action that does not involve the use of weapons in facing enemy attack taken before. The involvement of these agencies have to be regulated to ensure a holistic approach in harnessing national resources for emergency response. With the sea-based logistics capability. By doing this. Having said that. With the present capacity. in the essence of emergency response is timeliness and coordination. as the last speaker. He concluded his arguments by stating that the present mechanisms and arrangements of harnessing national resources towards emergency response may have been sufficient to handle the magnitude of disaster normally faced in Malaysia. Dato Hj Abdul Halim Abdul Hamid. it will create a holistic approach towards realising the idea of harnessing national resources for emergency responses. is to restore order in the immediate aftermath and thirdly. The present doctrine in disaster management should be cascaded to a general action plan. is to re-establish normality through reconstruction and rehabilitation shortly after that. medical facilities. particularly both government and nongovernment agencies. the RMN is capable of contributing towards the greater aspect of the national emergency response mechanism. During the times of peace. and command and control facilities provide unparallel support for state and local administrators of coastal and remote areas. civil defence refers to any action to protect lives and the property 81 . during or after the time of attack. the public needs to be informed and educated on the existing mechanism in rendering emergency responses. refuelling and resupplying capabilities.Chapter 5 Secondly.

MiDAS Conference Report 2011 of the public whether the action is taken before. special operations on crime prevention and on illegals. rescue. JPAM also sets the capacity development for its personnel in advanced and skill training programme to become instructor or master trainer and this was conducted internally and externally with recognised institutions. JPAM has started to activate its own public alarm system in the Klang Valley which was established in 1983 under Malaysia Air Defence Ground Environment (MADGE) project with the RMAF and Telekom Malaysia. war and disaster. protect and reduce the loss of lives as well as damage to public and government property. JPAM sets a standard for every permanent personnel in our department that they must have three basic skills in civil defence. The previous and future measures were based on the Total Defence Concept (HANRUH) introduced by the government. These are the tasks and measures taken in its roles. JPAM is not far behind in implementing HANRUH because they have been doing this for the past 59 years with other security agencies but it is implemented in a silo approach which is not comprehensive within all related agencies by sharing all the planning. So it was understood that civil defence functions were enforced during times of peace. resources expertise and database. Emergency services are also the core business in providing humanitarian services including rescue and medical assistance in events involving crowds for general elections and by-elections. to provide emergency services throughout the country and to perform rescue operations and supervise disaster victims across the country. during or after a disaster or emergency. Although it is for the purpose of air raid warning but JPAM is in the progress to develop a new system and computerised devices for 82 . to save. to formulate and organise the type of training for civil defence force based on the changes of the environment. to train and educate the public about the civil defence knowledge so that they can receive and respond to the programme that is important to their own safety. He elaborated that JPAM has six roles and functions which are to formulate appropriate policies on civil defence purposes. to manage and maintain the civil defence force through support services and adequate logistics. and assistance to accident and breakdown vehicles during festive seasons in Ops Bantu and Ops Sikap.

In the early years. good local coordination at site and conducted via Standard Operation Procedures (SOP) and guidelines.Chapter 5 public warning system which will enable all related authorities in disaster preparedness and warning announcement. JPAM has already conducted exercised to identify the weaknesses and problems in joint exercise involving multiple agencies and post mortems were held as well. the presence of civil defence can be felt all over the country because JPAM wants the speed and wants to be at scene of the incident as early as possible. Well trained personnel and volunteers of the force internally and externally which the volunteers are also targeted to have some capability and skills as the permanent officers. water pumps and mobile telecommunication equipment. To date. earthmoving equipment. JPAM is currently recruiting more volunteers at the district level so that they can assist us during any emergency. As a part of the BOS. it has recommended the keys for effective emergency responses which are precise advanced planning with database and comprehensive research being undertaken. boat. This is part of the people preparedness aspect in the HANRUH concept. civil defence had only 30 operations officers nationwide but today. The ability to mobilise sufficient resources quickly supported by good logistics management. There are also professional members enrolled as honorary and associate officers who we believe can also contribute and play their part in enhancing national safety and security based on their professional fields and backgrounds. he added that JPAM catered additional 65 new district offices for civil defence. buses. JPAM placed the minimum number of permanent officers at the head office and placed them at all the districts and also recruit volunteers to help the operations of the offices. We need more reliable asset and logistics for rescue operation. At present. As for JPAM. The active members are trained regularly to enable them to be highly skilled and ready to be deployed in any emergency situation. JPAM has 280. electric generators. JPAM has 95 officers and JPAM plans to set up its office in all 152 districts across the country by the year 2012. The inventory of resources to be made available include transports.000 volunteers who are ready to be deployed at any part of the country as part of our humanitarian support services. vehicles. the number of public being trained as front liners 83 . trucks.

local and international operations in upgrading and looking for new resources for capacity development. We decided to gain an advanced training and instructor programme with the Australian International and Training Institute in high risk rescue operation courses besides empowering our officers in the current updates and knowledge in disaster management skills with ASEAN Disaster and Preparedness Centre (ADPC) based in Bangkok. JPAM has established international collaborations and partners especially with International Civil Defence Organisation based in Geneva. And finally. We do have a close relationship with other agencies such as the Welfare Department. self belonging and unity of our multi racial population. where Malaysia became a member state in 2010. We are also building up a network with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in the field of humanitarian assistance. He explained that JPAM have determined and explored new dimensions of bilateral and multilateral. the Fire Department.200 volunteer members in 50 hotspots as police volunteers reserved (PVR) to fight street crimes through the NKRA initiative. as well as contributes.400 people. As we are one of the agencies under the Home Ministry. to defend the resilience and the sovereignty of this nation. We have a very close relationship with the Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF) in training programmes especially in urban search and rescue courses. We are also registered as a member of ASEAN Network for Major Cities (ANMC) based in Tokyo in experiencing and knowledge sharing in disaster management programmes. he believed that the HANRUH implementation must take place in this country to ensure every public and private sectors. Bringing the session to an end. That is the reason for the change of uniform from green to blue because it is the corporate colour of the International Civil Defence Organisation. NGOs and each citizen been involved. the moderator underlined that natural 84 . and MKN at the state and district level supporting disaster operations such as flood and road accidents.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 in local incidents and emergency as for responders until June 2011 is 394. trained. The implementation will thoroughly be a step toward creating Malaysian with a spirit of patriotism and nationalism. At present. JPAM has actively stationed more than 1.

However. the agency must ensure that equipment acquired must be able to fulfil the functions needed for humanitarian aid and disaster relief. 85 .Chapter 5 Dato Hj Abdul Halim Abdul Hamid. Thus. Civil Defence Department disasters such as floods. every agency responsible must be well prepared to support and face the challenges during support and rescue operations. for larger magnitudes of disasters. Director General. the government and nongovernmental agencies. He also stressed that due to budget constraints. environmental accidents or service disruption can strike our community at any time. He also stressed that present mechanism and arrangement of harnessing national resources towards emergency response may have been sufficient to handle the magnitude of disaster normally faced in Malaysia. the nation may require an active involvement of its entire population.

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Chapter 7 Closing Address MiDAS Conference 2011 The Honourable DATO’ SERI DR AHMAD ZAHID HAMIDI Minister of Defence 87 .

I would like to announce that for today’s event. four former Chiefs of Navy and three 88 . William Stevenson for organising this conference.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 Closing Address MiDAS Conference 2011 The Honourable Dato’ Seri Dr. Minister of Defence delivered the Closing Address at the conference. Ahmad Zahid Hamidi. aimed to promote understanding on defence and security issues through discussion. we have with us fourteen former generals as participants of the conference. as well as sharing of knowledge and perspective in order to draw useful lessons for further improvement. This includes four former Chief of Defence Force and ten former Service Chiefs of which were three former Chiefs of Army. I would like to express my gratitude and congratulations to the Malaysian Institute of Defence and Security (MiDAS) especially to Maj Gen Dato Pahlawan Dr. Following is an extract of the speech: Dato’ Seri Dr. praise be to Allah SWT for his blessings and guidance that we are able to meet here today to participate in this inaugural National Defence and Security Conference 2011. First and foremost. Minister of Defence Alhamdulillah. Ahmad Zahid Hamidi.

we need to establish labs to discuss in detail. Maritime Security. Ahmad Zahid Hamidi. I would also like to inform that the Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Raja Muda Perak will be giving his special Keynote Address in November 2011 and it is my pleasure to invite the Dato’ Seri Dr. this is the manifestation of their dedication and commitment to the defence and security of the nation. Minister of Defence 89 . Air Space Security. and Food Security. To me. I have gone through the presentations in detail and found out that as a follow up to this conference. as mentioned by Gen (R) Tan Sri Ghazali earlier. I would like to suggest to MiDAS and with the consent of all. that the following labs be established: Cyber Security. If there are any other aspects which was not mentioned. personally. Emergency Response or HADR.Chapter 6 former Chiefs of Air Force. perhaps you should write to MIDAS and organise special sessions for that purpose.

I think that the suggestions made should be appreciated by all parties concerned as it does not only highlight the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of Home Affairs but also other parties 90 . I think that these labs will incorporate HANRUH and involve matters pertaining to total defence and security. Minister of Defence participants for today’s conference and I think MIDAS should organise labs during the event and provide the resolutions to be concluded during the preliminary sessions. police. we may be able to propose to the government on a specific security policy. We will include international participants to share thought and knowledge but for now it will involve local participants. we will submit the resolutions to the MKN and through those labs.MiDAS Conference Report 2011 MiDAS Executive Director Maj Gen Dato’ Dr. I have proposed to MIDAS to invite the former senior officers of the military. Further to it. I feel that according to the feedback that we have. Ahmad Zahid Hamidi. William Stevenson presenting the MiDAS Conference 2011 memento to the Hon Dato’ Seri Dr. instead of the listed participants. According to the directive from our Prime Minister and the consent of all. economic sabotage and matters affect racial harmony. I would also like to inform that MiDAS will be organising the Putrajaya Forum in conjunction with DSA in 2012. MKN and who were involved in security to be present so as to share issues that should have been proposed by them but cannot be implemented. we will not open it to the media because of the sensitive issues that need to be discussed in detail and in the future. the Internal Security Act (ISA) may be transformed to an act which involves anti-terrorism.

today’s conference also acted as a platform in promoting cooperation among government agencies. I hope that this conference had provided an informal and unofficial channel for the exchange of opinions and perspectives and refined each other’s thought and making Malaysia a more stable and progressive nation. Finally once again. On that note. especially MKN. I hereby pronounce the MiDAS Conference 2011 officially close. I would like to take this opportunity to express my sincere appreciation and congratulation again to MiDAS and all the committee members for their efforts in organising this conference. I hope you have seized all the lessons learned and will utilise the knowledge and information benificial to the defence and security of our country. I wish to thank to all the moderators speakers and participants. Wassalamualaikum Warahmatullahibarakatuh. Closing Address participants 91 . In essence. Again. Through inter-agency collaborations in the NBOS may effect or defince and security will be implemented. knowledge and experiences. To all the participants.Chapter 6 related to defence and security. I would like to extend my gratitute to the distinguished moderators and speakers for their commitments in sharing their thoughts.

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