Oil Pipeline Profile

1960 1970
FINANCIAL
Operating revenues, total ($ millions)
895 1,396
FERC-regulated
770 1,188
Nonregulated
125
208
INVENTORY
Number of FERC-regulated companies
87
101
23,100 17,600
Number of employees, pipeline companies
4
Miles of pipeline (statute miles)b, all
lines###
###

1980
7,548
6,340
1,208

1990
8,506
7,164
1,342

1994
8,676
7,353
1,323

1995
9,077
7,751
1,326

1996
8,637
7,310
1,327

1997
8,632
7,278
1,354

1998
8,579
7,212
1,367

1999
9,067
7,645
1,422

2000
8,958
7,551
1,407

130
150
158
161
160
U
U
184
U
U
U
195
195
197
U
21,300 18,500 17,100 15,100 14,500 14,200 13,800 13,060 13,230 13,680 12,360 12,500 12,840 13,040 12,770

### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
### ### ### ### ### 97,029 92,610 91,523 87,663 86,369 85,480
Crude lines
Product lines
49,859 72,396 88,562 89,947 87,073 84,883 84,925 88,350 90,985 91,094 91,516
PERFORMANCE
Intercity ton-miles, total (millions)### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
N
N ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
Crude oil
Petroleum products
N
N ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
Tons transported (millions) 5
468.0 790.2 921.0 ### ### ### ### ### ### ### ###
Average length of haul (statute miles)
Crude oil 6
325
300
871
812
778
797
779
781
767
766
U
Petroleum products
SAFETY 7
Fatalities
Injured persons
Incidents

6

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
9,066
U
U
U
U
U
7,649
U
U
U
U
U
1,417
U
U
U
U
U

U
U
U

U
U
U

U
U
U

U
U
U

U
U
U

U
U
U

###
###
###
###

###
###
###
U
U
U

###
###
###
U
U
U

U
U
U
U
U
U

U
U
U
U
U
U

U

###
###
###
U
U
U

269

357

414

387

414

402

413

413

420

418

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

N
N
N

4
21
351

4
15
246

3
7
180

1
7
245

3
11
188

5
13
194

0
5
171

2
6
153

4
20
167

1
4
146

0
10
130

1
0
147

0
5
131

5
16
144

2
2
###

0
2
110

c

KEY: FERC = Federal Energy Regulatory Commission; N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.
a

Includes companies whose pipelines carry crude petroleum, petroleum products, and nonpetroleum pipeline liquids.

b

Regulated plus unregulated mileage of crude oil trunk and gathering lines, plus refined oil trunk lines.

Does not include the 1,851 injuries that required medical treatment, caused by severe flooding near Houston, Texas,
reported for October, 1994.
c

NOTE
The Interstate Commerce Committee regulated oil pipelines in the 1960s and 1970s.
SOURCES
1
Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation In America 2002 (Washington, DC: 2002), pp. 38 and 39, and
similar tables in earlier editions.
2
1960-96: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, personal communication.
1999: Ibid., Internet site www.ferc.fed.us/oil/oil_list.htm as of June 21, 2001.
2003: Ibid., Internet site www.ferc.gov/industries/oil/gen-info/reg-central.asp as of Aug. 26, 2004.
2004: Ibid., Internet site www.ferc.gov/industries/oil/gen-info/reg-central.asp as of Mar. 16, 2005.
2005: Ibid., Internet site www.ferc.gov/industries/oil/gen-info/reg-central.asp as of Oct. 27, 2006.
3
1960-80: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment, Hours and Earnings, United States, 190994 (Washington, DC: September 1994), SIC 46.
1990-1994: Ibid., Hours and Earnings, United States, 1988-1996 (Washington, DC: July 1996), SIC 46.
1995-98: Ibid., Internet site www.bls.gov, SIC 46, as of Apr. 19, 1999.
1999-2001: Ibid., Internet site www.bls.gov/oes, SIC 46, as of June 30, 2003.
2002-03: Ibid, Internet site www.bls.gov/oes, NAICS 486100 and NAICS 486900, as of Mar. 16, 2005.
2004-06: Ibid, Internet site www.bls.gov/oes, NAICS 486100 and NAICS 486900, as of Oct. 26, 2007.
4
Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation In America 2002 (Washington, DC: 2002), pp. 58 and 59, and
similar tables in earlier editions.
1960-70: Ibid., Transportation in America, 1998 (Washington, DC: 1998), p. 44 and Transportation in America,
Supplement, 1999 (Washington, DC: 1999).
1980-98: Ibid., Transpotation in America, 2002 (Washington, DC: 2002), p. 53, and similar tables in earlier editions.
5

1999-2004: Association of Oil Pipe Lines, Shifts in Petroleum Transportation(Washington, DC: 2004), Internet site
http://www.aopl.org/pubs/facts.html as of Oct. 27, 2006.
6
1960-70: Ibid., Transportation In America 1999 (Washington, DC: 1999), p. 71.
1980-99: Ibid.,Transportation In America 2000 (Washington, DC: 2000), p. 51.

U.S. Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety,
available at Internet site http://ops.dot.gov/stats/lq_sum.htm as of Sept. 26, 2007, and earlier tables for 1970 and 1980
data.
7