Truck Profile

FINANCIAL
1960
1970
1980
1990
1994
N
N
N 127,314 155,713
Operating revenues, totala,1 (based on SIC) ($ millions)
Local trucking
N
N
N 31,397 40,903
Trucking, except local
N
N
N 74,465 89,369
Local trucking with storage
N
N
N
4,115
4,757
Courier services, except by air
N
N
N 17,337 20,684
N
N
N 118,968 145,216
Operating expenses, totala,1 (based on SIC) ($ millions)
Local trucking
N
N
N 28,049 36,455
Trucking, except local
N
N
N 70,965 84,682
Local trucking with storage
N
N
N
3,885
4,543
Courier services, except by air
N
N
N 16,069 19,536
N
N
N
N
N
Operating revenues, totalb,2 (based on NAICS) ($ millions)
Truck transportation
N
N
N
N
N
Couriers and messengers
N
N
N
N
N
c,3
Truck highway-user taxes, total ($ millions)
2,830
5,632
9,888 19,356 23,836
1,709
3,429
6,731 12,691 13,157
State
Federal
1,121
2,203
3,157
6,665 10,679
INVENTORY
Number of truck registrations, total4
###
###
###
###
###
Single-unit truck
N
###
###
###
###
Combination truck
N 905,082
###
###
###
Number of employees
5
Trucking and courier services, except air (based on SIC) N 998,500
###
###
###
Truck transportation (based on NAICS)6
N
N
N
###
###
Couriers and messengers (based on NAICS)6
N
N
N 375,000 466,200
###
###
###
###
###
Truck drivers and sales workersd,7 (based on NAICS)
Number of trucking and courier establishments
N 64,756 69,796 90,709 108,971
PERFORMANCE
Vehicle-miles,total rural and urban9 (millions) 127,404 62,215 108,491 146,242 170,216
Rural highway, total
84,508 39,244 68,776 89,692 100,865
N 10,069 25,111 35,789 40,034
Rural interstate
N 17,625 24,789 31,331 35,040
Rural other arterial
N 11,550 18,876 22,572 25,791
Other rural roads
42,896 22,971 39,715 56,550 69,351
Urban highway, totale
N
5,634 13,135 22,163 25,045
Urban interstate
N 17,337 26,580 34,387 44,306
Other urban streets
f
127,405 62,215 108,491 146,242 170,216
Passenger-miles, total (millions)
98,551 27,081 39,813 51,901 61,284
Single-unit truckg
Combination truck
28,854 35,134 68,678 94,341 108,932
10, h
285,000 412,000 629,000 854,000 996,000
Ton-miles, intercity
(millions)
11
Fuel consumed, all trucks (million gallons)
15,882 11,316 19,960 24,490 27,685
Single-unit truck
N
3,968
6,923
8,357
9,032
Combination truck
N
7,348 13,037 16,133 18,653
Average fuel consumption per vehicle, all trucks 1,333
2,467
3,447
3,953
4,202
Single-unit truck
N
1,078
1,583
1,862
1,841
Combination truck
N
8,119
9,201
9,441 11,093
Average miles traveled per gallon of fuel consumed,
8.0all trucks
5.5
5.4
6.0
6.1
Single-unit truck
N
6.8
5.8
6.2
6.8
Combination truck
N
4.8
5.3
5.8
5.8
Average miles traveled per vehicle, all trucks 10,693 13,565 18,736 23,603 25,838
Single-unit truck
N
7,356
9,103 11,567 12,491
Combination truck
N 38,819 48,472 55,206 64,783
12
263
363
391
392
Average length of haul (domestic freight) (miles) 272
SAFETY13
Occupant fatalities, all trucks
N
N
8,748
9,306
9,574
N
N
7,486
8,601
8,904
Light truck
Large truck
N
N
1,262
705
670
Occupant fatality rate
Per 100 million vehicle-miles, all trucks
N
N
2.2
1.3
1.1
Light truck
N
N
2.5
1.6
1.3
Large truck
N
N
1.2
0.5
0.4
Per 10,000 registered vehicles, all trucks
N
N
2.4
1.7
1.4
Light truck
N
N
2.5
1.7
1.5
Large truck
N
N
2.2
1.1
1.0
Vehicle involvement rate (fatal crashes)
Per 100 million vehicle-miles, all trucks
N
N
4.5
2.9
2.4
Light truck
N
N
4.3
2.8
2.3
Large truck
N
N
5.0
3.3
2.7
Per 10,000 registered vehicles, all trucks
N
N
5.0
3.6
3.2
Light truck
N
N
4.2
3.1
2.7
Large truck
N
N
9.3
7.7
7.0

1995
1996
1997
161,806 172,743 183,153
43,830 46,589 49,972
91,675 97,586 103,847
5,154
5,502
5,860
21,147 23,066 23,474
151,628 162,825 170,998
38,695 41,325 43,871
88,061 94,390 98,570
4,817
5,121
5,439
20,055 21,989 23,118
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
25,117
U 28,010
13,844
U 15,750
11,273
U 12,260
###
###
###

###
###
###

###
###
###

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
###
###
###
28,697
15,611
13,086

N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
###
###
###
30,502
16,266
14,236

N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
###
###
###
31,769
16,476
15,293

N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
###
###
###
30,689
17,686
13,003

N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
###
###
###
30,216
16,566
13,650

###
###
###

###
###
###

###
###
###

###
###
###

###
###
###

2003

2004
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
### 248,190
### 185,944
### 62,246
U
31,266
14,312
U
16,954
U
###
###
###

###
###
###

###
###
N
N
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
587,000
560,900
566,600
565,910
516,800 539,900 546,000 568,200 585,900 605,000
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
112,887 116,861 121,111 119,572 120,687 122,713 122,669 124,481
U
U
178,156
106,031
43,351
37,056
25,624
72,125
25,639
46,486
178,156
62,705
115,451
###
28,993
9,216
19,777
4,315
1,835
11,663
6.1
6.8
5.8
26,514
12,482
68,083
416

182,971
109,480
45,721
37,875
25,884
73,491
26,256
47,235
182,971
64,072
118,899
###
29,601
9,409
20,192
4,221
1,787
11,561
6.2
6.8
5.9
26,092
12,167
68,075
426

191,477
114,698
49,336
39,193
26,169
76,779
28,549
48,230
191,477
66,893
124,584
###
29,878
9,576
20,302
4,218
1,809
11,342
6.4
7.0
6.1
27,032
12,637
69,601
435

196,380
115,142
49,896
39,724
25,522
81,238
30,193
51,045
196,380
68,021
128,359
###
31,975
6,817
25,158
4,135
1,189
12,596
6.1
10.0
5.1
25,397
11,861
64,265
442

202,688
117,941
51,049
40,691
26,201
84,747
32,286
52,461
202,688
70,304
132,384
###
33,909
9,372
24,537
4,352
1,626
12,096
6.0
7.5
5.4
26,014
12,199
65,260
458

205,520
120,410
52,484
41,649
26,277
85,110
32,181
52,929
205,520
70,500
135,020
###
35,229
9,563
25,666
4,391
1,614
12,241
5.8
7.4
5.3
25,617
11,897
64,399
473

209,032
122,736
53,225
41,838
27,673
86,296
32,690
53,606
209,032
72,448
136,584
###
35,179
9,667
25,512
4,477
1,695
11,843
5.9
7.5
5.4
26,602
12,702
63,404
485

214,603
125,884
54,503
42,436
28,945
88,719
33,040
55,679
214,603
75,866
138,737
###
36,800
10,321
26,480
4,642
1,826
11,631
5.8
7.4
5.2
27,071
13,426
60,939
U

###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
32,696
8,880
23,815
4,215
1,518
12,479
6.7
8.8
5.9
28,093
13,295
73,445
U

226,504
127,536
54,302
42,587
30,646
98,969
36,994
61,975
226,504
81,107
145,398
U
33,968
9,263
24,705
4,157
1,503
12,289
6.7
8.8
5.9
27,719
13,164
72,325
U

10,216
9,568
648

10,553
9,932
621

10,972
10,249
723

11,447
10,705
742

12,024
11,265
759

12,280
11,526
754

12,431
11,723
708

12,963
12,274
689

13,272
12,546
726

13,363
12,602
761

1.1
1.3
0.4
1.5
1.5
1.0

1.1
1.3
0.3
1.5
1.5
0.9

1.1
1.2
0.4
1.5
1.5
1.0

1.1
1.2
0.4
1.5
1.5
1.0

1.1
1.3
0.4
1.5
1.5
1.0

1.1
1.2
0.4
1.5
1.5
0.9

1.0
1.2
0.3
1.4
(R) 1.5
0.9

1.1
1.2
0.3
1.4
(R) 1.5
0.9

1.0
(R) 1.2
0.3
1.4
(R) 1.5
(R) 0.9

1.0
1.2
0.3
1.4
1.4
0.9

2.4
2.4
2.5
3.2
2.8
6.7

2.4
2.3
2.6
3.2
2.8
6.8

2.3
2.3
2.6
3.2
2.8
6.9

2.3
2.3
2.5
3.1
2.8
6.4

2.2
2.2
2.4
3.1
2.7
6.3

2.2
2.2
2.4
3.0
2.7
6.2

2.2
2.1
2.3
3.0
(R) 2.6
6.1

2.1
2.1
2.1
2.9
(R) 2.6
5.8

2.1
2.1
2.2
2.9
(R) 2.6
(R) 6.1

2.1
2.0
2.2
2.8
2.5
6.0

KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.
Local trucking (SIC 4212) - Establishments primarily engaged in furnishing trucking or transfer services without storage for freight
generally weighing more than 100 pounds.
a

Trucking, except local (SIC 4213) - Establishments primarily engaged in furnishing "over-the-road" trucking services or trucking services
and storage services, including household goods either as common carriers or under special or individual contracts or agreements, for
freight generally weighing more than 100 pounds.
Local trucking, without storage (SIC 4214) - Establishments primarily engaged in furnishing both trucking and storage services,
including household goods.
Courier services, except by air (SIC 4215) - Establishments primarily engaged in the delivery of individually addressed letters, parcels,
and packages (generally under 100 pounds).
Truck transportation (NAICS 484) - Industries primarily engaged in over-the-road transportation of cargo using motor vehicles, trucktractors, and trailers.
b

Couriers and messengers (NAICS 492) - Establishments primarily engaged in providing air, surface, or combined courier delivery
services of parcels or primarily engaged in furnishing local messenger and delivery services of small items within a single metropolitan
area or urban center.
c
d Numbers may not equal totals due to rounding.
In 1999, the Occupational Employment Statistics survey began using the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system to

organize occupational data. Therefore, estimates from 1999 and subsequent years are not directly comparable to previous occupational
data.
e
Urban consists of travel on all roads and streets in urban places of 5,000 or greater population.
Highway passenger-miles are calculated by multiplying vehicle-miles of travel as cited by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) by
the average number of occupants for each vehicle type as estimated by the FHWA using the Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey.
g
Includes other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle in 1960.
h
Data for ton-miles in 1970 and earlier is not comparable to more recent data as it comes from a different source.
f

NOTE
In 1995, FHWA revised its vehicle type categories. These new categories include passenger car, other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle, single-unit 2axle 6-tire or more truck, and combination truck. Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicles include vans, pickup trucks, and sport/utility vehicles. In
previous years, some minivans and sport/utility vehicles were included in the passenger car category. Single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more
trucks are on a single frame with at least 2 axles and 6 tires.
SOURCES
Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.
1
U.S. Census Bureau, Transportation Annual Survey (Washington, DC: December 1998), table 1.
Ibid., Service Annual Survey, 2004 (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table 2.1 and similar tables in earlier editions, Internet site
http://www.census.gov/svsd/www/sas48.html as of Jan. 25, 2006.
3
American Trucking Association, American Trucking Trends (Washington, DC: Annual issues).
2000, 2002: American Trucking Association, American Trucking Trends unpublished data, personal communication, Mar. 22, 2005.
2

1960-94: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009
(Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201A.
1995-2004: Ibid., Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1.
4

1960-90: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment, Hours and Earnings, United States, 1909-1994
(Washington, DC: September 1994), SIC 421.
1994-2002: Ibid., Internet site www.bls.gov as of Apr. 21, 2004, SIC 421.
5

1990-2004: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, BLS Database, Internet site http://www.bls.gov/data/sa.htm as of
January 2005; NAICS codes "484 Truck transportation" and "492 Couriers and messengers."
7
Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America, 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), p. 35.
6

2002-04: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics, Occupational Employment and
Wages, 2003 (Washington, DC: November 2003), Internet site http://www.bls.gov/oes as of Jan. 26, 2006.
U.S. Bureau of the Census, County Business Patterns (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table 2 (NAICS 484 and 492/SIC 421), and
similar tables in earlier editions.
8

1960-94: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009
(Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201.
1995-2004: lbid. Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1.
10
1960-70: Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America, 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), p. 12.
1980-2003: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, special tabulation, Mar. 11, 2005.
11
1960: Ibid., Transportation in America, 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), p. 35.
9

1970-94: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009
(Washington, DC: July 1997) table VM-201A.
1995-2004: Ibid.Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1.
12
Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America, 2001 (Washington, DC: 2001), p.65.
U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Traffic Safety Facts 2004, DOT HS 809 775
(Washington, DC: Annual issues), tables 3, 8 and 9, and Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) Query, Jan. 27, 2006.
13

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