General Aviation Profile

FINANCIAL1
1960 1970 1980
Expenditures, total ($ millions)
895 2,035 8,053
202
339 2,853
Aircraft
Operating costs
693 1,696 5,200
2
INVENTORY
Number of active aircraft by primary
76,549
use, ###
total ###
N 6,835 14,860
Corporate
Business
N 26,900 49,391
Instructional
N 10,727 14,862
Personal
N 65,398 96,222
Aerial application
N 5,455 7,294
Aerial observation
N
N
N
External load
N
N
N
a
N 2,054 2,813
Other work
N
N
N
Air taxi / air toursb
N
N
N
Sightseeingc
N 8,249 17,045
Otherd
Public use
N
N
N
PERFORMANCE
Number of flight hours by actual
use, total3 (thousands)
13,121 26,030 36,430
N
N 5,332
Corporate
Business
5,699 7,204 8,434
Instructional
1,828 6,791 5,748
Personal
3,172 6,896 8,894
Aerial application
N
N 2,044
Aerial observation
N
N
N
External load
N
N
N
N
N 1,053
Other worka
N
N
N
Air taxi / air toursb
N
N
N
Sightseeingc
2,422 5,139 4,925
Otherd
e
N
N
N
Public use
1,769 3,207 5,204
Vehicle-miles (millions)f,1
2,300 9,100 14,700
Passenger-miles (millions)f,1
242
759 1,286
Fuel consumed, total (million gallons)
Aviation gasoline
242
551
520
Jet fuel
N
208
766

1990
9,907
3,398
6,509

1994
9,332
3,910
5,422

1995
10,379
4,260
6,119

1996
11,605
5,298
6,307

1997
13,797
7,174
6,623

1998
16,372
9,573
6,799

1999
17,553
11,262
6,291

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
21,909 26,499
U
U
U
U
U
14,291 18,524
U
U
U
U
U
7,618 7,975
U
U
U
U
U

###
10,100
33,100
18,600
###
6,200
4,900
N
1,400
5,800
N
4,100
N

###
9,400
26,500
15,000
###
4,300
5,100
100
1,200
3,800
1,300
4,200
N

###
9,800
26,200
14,800
###
5,100
4,700
200
1,100
4,100
900
6,300
N

###
9,286
28,236
14,261
###
5,361
3,225
424
1,118
3,963
889
6,718
4,206

###
10,411
27,716
14,663
###
4,858
3,311
186
679
4,948
677
5,250
4,130

###
11,250
32,611
11,375
###
4,550
3,242
313
1,116
5,190
679
6,010
4,029

###
10,804
24,543
16,081
###
4,254
3,240
190
2,363
4,569
832
1,200
4,138

###
###
###
###
###
###
###
11,003 10,544 10,810 10,493 10,212 10,553 11,054
25,169 25,525 24,153 25,042 24,189 25,524 24,413
14,883 14,254 13,203 12,714 13,099 13,399 14,316
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
4,294 3,779 3,971 3,250 3,202 3,548 3,430
5,093 5,039 4,535 4,223 4,814 4,663 4,407
234
202
151
194
215
226
212
1,787 1,528 1,733 1,726
930
732
729
4,019 4,004 4,157 2,791 6,550 7,539 7,814
881
918
641
862 1,050
945
906
1,952 1,573 1,895 1,691 1,835 1,787 2,100
j
j
j
j
j
j
j
N
N
N
N
N
N
N

30,763
2,913
4,417
7,244
9,276
1,872
1,745
N
572
2,249
N
475
N
4,548
13,000
1,016
353
663

24,092
2,486
3,012
4,156
8,248
1,364
1,746
135
241
1,545
309
622
N
3,358
9,800
731
266
464

26,612
3,069
3,335
4,410
9,659
1,526
1,391
128
280
1,527
179
1,107
N
3,795
10,800
847
287
560

26,909
2,898
3,259
4,759
9,037
1,713
1,057
191
265
1,834
195
656
1,047
3,524
12,000
896
289
608

27,713
2,878
3,006
4,956
9,644
1,562
1,261
112
139
2,122
127
819
1,096
3,877
12,500
934
292
642

28,100
3,213
3,523
3,961
9,781
1,306
812
153
286
2,583
169
940
1,373
U
13,100
1,126
311
815

31,231
3,535
3,602
5,795
11,072
1,408
1,244
123
605
1,985
218
535
1,109
U
14,100
1,313
345
967

29,960
3,341
3,588
5,050
11,477
1,318
1,545
161
496
2,122
197
665
j
N
U
15,200
1,305
333
972

27,017
2,657
3,579
4,307
11,266
1,038
1,442
131
256
1,587
183
664
j
N
U
15,900
###
(R) 279
(R) 918

27,040
3,275
3,287
4,182
11,025
1,182
1,366
97
369
1,495
134
628
j
N
U
U
###
(R) 277
(R) 938

27,329 28,126 26,982 26,982
3,227 2,849 3,072 3,072
3,377 3,249 3,244 3,244
4,393 4,035 3,635 3,635
11,251 10,239 9,266 9,266
1,099 1,142 1,031 1,031
1,262 1,457 1,265 1,265
103
125
134
134
414
264
176
176
1,332 2,764 3,210 3,210
175
204
191
191
697
617
753
753
j
j
j
j
N
N
N
N
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
###
###
###
###
(R) 272 (R) 273 (R) 255 (E) 262
(R) 932
###
###
###

SAFETY
787 1,310 1,239
770
730
735
636
631
625
619
596
Fatalities, total g,6
Corporate
N
28
66
21
6
15
20
3
0
30
13
Business
N
148
126
80
64
73
44
45
42
55
43
Instructional
N
93
73
62
47
44
40
38
38
38
64
Personal
N
726
808
492
472
488
413
432
432
386
383
Aerial application
N
41
32
17
17
15
10
17
6
14
19
Other
N
174
134
95
106
87
138
112
119
112
105
7
Accidents, total
4,793 4,712 3,590 2,242 2,021 2,056 1,908 1,844 1,905 1,905 1,837
429
641
618
444
404
413
361
350
365
340
345
Fatal
36.5
18.1
9.9 (R) 7.3 (R) 8.4
7.7
7.1
6.7
6.8
6.1
6.1
Accident rate (per 100,000 flight hours)
Fatal
3.3
2.5
1.7 (R) 1.4 (R) 1.7
1.6
1.3
1.3
1.3
1.1
1.2
KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available, E = estimated by source..
In 1960, 1970, 1980, classified as "Industrial."
Includes air tours done under 14 CFR 135: air taxi operators and commercial operators.
c
Includes sightseeing done under 14 CFR 91: general operating and flight rules.
a
b

Significant decrease in "Other" can be attributed to a redefining of the category to only include "Aerial Other" and "Medical Use."
Federal, state or local government-owned or leased aircraft used for the purpose of fulfilling a government position.
f
Includes air taxi operations. Nautical miles in source multiplied by 1.151 to convert from nautical miles.
g
Sum of fatalities does not necessarily equal total due to aircraft involved in midair and on-ground collisions.
h
Suicide/sabotage cases are included in accidents and fatalities data but are excluded from accident rates.
d
e

Accident rates are calculated by BTS using the formula: Accident Rates (per 100,000 flight hours) = Accidents or Fatalities/Flight Hours
(thousands)*100.
j
Beginning in 2000, "Public Use" was included in "Other Work".
i

NOTES
Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.
Total fatalities in this profile may not match those in table 2-14, due to when the total fatalities data were received and the data
breakdown by type of flying. NTSB constantly updates and reclassifies accident and fatality data.
1994-95 data for active aircraft by use, and flight hours, have been revised to reflect changes in adjustment for nonresponse bias with
1996 telephone survey factors. 1996 vehicle-miles and fuel consumption data are estimated using new information on nonrespondents
and are not comparable to earlier years.
SOURCES
Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.
1960-2001: Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America, Annual Issues (Washington, DC), pp. 40 and 45, and
similar tables in earlier editions.
1

U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, General Aviation and Air Taxi Activity and Avionics Survey
(Washington, DC: 1990-2004 issues), table 1.1.
3
Ibid., table 1.4 and similar tables in earlier editions.
4
Ibid., table 3.3 and similar tables in earlier editions.
2

1960-1990: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, General Aviation and Air Taxi Acitivity and Avionics
Survey (Washington, DC: 1990-2000 issues), table 5.1. 1994-2006: Ibid., FAA Aerospace Forecasts, (Washington, DC: Annual issues),
table 30 and similar tables in earlier editions.
5

1960-1970: National Transportation Safety Board, RE-50, personal communication. 1980-2002: Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft
Accident Data, U.S. General Aviation, Calendar Year 1998 (Washington, DC: July 2000), charts 27, 39, 40, 41, 42 and 43, and personal
communications on Sept. 10, 2002, Dec. 22, 2003, April 30, 2004, Mar. 24, 2005, Nov. 7, 2006, and Oct. 30, 2007.
7
1960-80: National Transportation Safety Board, RE-50, personal communication. Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data, U.S.
General Aviation, Calendar Year 1998 (Washington, DC: July 2000), available at Internet site http://www.ntsb.gov/aviation/ as of July 22,
2004, table 10. 1990-2006: Ibid., Aviation Accident Statistics, table 10, Internet site http://www.ntsb.gov/aviation/Stats.htm as of Oct. 30,
2007.
6

562
12
50
40
376
14
73
1,727
325
6.4
1.2

581
632
558
5
5
10
39
33
45
42
71
31
407
444
369
14
6
10
77
84
95
1,715
###
###
345
352
314
6.3 (R) 6.4 (R) 5.8
1.3
1.3
1.1

(R) 563
8
14
(R) 45
(R) 415
14
72
1,669
321
(R) 6.2
(R) 1.2

696

3
37
47
369
8
234
1,484
301
5.5
1.1

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