Air Carrier Profile

Financial
1960
Operating revenues (thousand dollars) 1
2,178,339
Domestic total a
Majors, all services
1,942,635
Nationals, all services
146,481
Large regionals, all services
N
International total
705,938
Majors, all services
705,938
Nationals, all services
N
Large regionals, all services
N
2,884,877
Total certificated a
Operating expenses (thousand dollars) 1
2,052,094
Domestic total a
Majors, all services
1,907,785
Nationals, all services
144,309
Large regionals, all services
N
International total
665,660
Majors, all services
665,660
Nationals, all services
N
Large regionals, all services
N
a
2,717,754
Total certificated
Inventory b
Number of carriers c,2
55
Total domestic and international
Majors
N
Nationals
N
Regionals
N
Number of aircraft available for service 3
2,135
Total domestic and international
Majors
N
Nationals
N
Regionals
N
c,2
Number of employees
169,872
Total domestic and international
Majors
118,189
Nationals
12,470
Regionals
N

1970

1980

1990

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

7,180,161
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
### 79,220,149 88,179,380
###
###
6,272,775
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
### 71,837,353 75,953,691
###
###
736,831 3,182,418 4,167,552 5,465,021 5,935,773 5,990,391 6,163,458 8,113,690 7,789,636 9,104,701 7,485,642 6,738,116 11,161,453
###
###
N
245,806
459,404
637,296
632,108
863,426 1,143,719
729,289
526,828
500,551
425,762
644,680 1,064,236
### 1,175,325
2,109,497 6,442,144
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
### 27,482,292 27,567,329
###
###
2,109,497 5,976,221
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
### 24,549,966 24,896,068
###
###
N
465,923
901,352 2,697,137 3,282,606 3,326,467 3,376,014 3,161,212 3,142,217 2,909,590 2,512,290 2,583,498 2,090,717
### 4,188,663
N
N
327,627
444,450
258,766
196,079
333,166
453,844
293,604
392,947
319,940
348,828
580,544 (R) 580,468
534,132
9,289,658
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
7,001,668
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
### 86,696,559 90,827,606
###
###
6,256,039
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
### 79,299,562 79,659,763
###
###
745,629 3,058,289 4,297,823 5,285,783 5,750,372 5,847,797 6,163,923 7,500,451 7,299,934 8,824,795 7,809,449 6,725,692 10,166,967
###
###
N
257,183
445,862
648,039
648,247
931,513 1,260,021
773,212
522,309
545,253
471,148
671,305 1,000,876
### 1,198,110
2,065,605 6,642,095
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
### 28,563,067 27,103,118
###
###
2,065,605 6,171,366
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
### 25,703,233 24,624,881
###
###
N
470,729
853,361 2,503,462 3,025,707 3,166,097 3,253,249 3,014,282 2,815,341 2,659,021 2,672,662 2,539,233 1,945,654
### 3,903,024
N
N
315,113
463,257
248,292
181,589
307,702
413,029
272,819
431,355
321,169
320,601
532,583 (R) 546,867
532,887
9,067,273
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###

39
N
N
N

66
14
18
34

59
12
15
32

80
11
23
46

89
11
27
51

90
12
31
47

82
13
31
38

80
13
27
40

82
13
31
38

76
14
33
29

69
15
27
27

72
13
30
29

65
14
26
25

69
14
28
27

67
17
28
22

2,690
N
N
N

2,818
2,071
432
315

4,727
3,854
650
223

5,221
4,085
819
317

5,567
4,039
1,143
385

5,961
4,422
1,167
372

5,770
4,352
967
451

6,144
4,605
1,113
426

6,254
4,711
1,319
224

6,522
5,118
1,182
222

6,081
4,996
952
133

5,819
4,530
1,079
210

6,675
4,948
1,299
428

(R) 7,051
(R) 4,904
(R) 1,858
(R) 289

6,750
5,018
1,478
254

304,690
214,021
24,913
N

354,264
318,973
29,922
5,369

588,926
549,100
32,077
7,749

585,427
526,379
46,670
12,378

610,363
533,313
59,444
17,606

634,866
564,631
56,586
13,649

656,243
597,953
47,662
10,628

696,408
623,389
59,620
13,399

728,495
650,267
68,138
10,090

732,049
672,294
56,056
3,699

653,488
607,857
41,865
3,766

642,797
585,890
52,470
4,437

609,401
534,902
69,350
5,149

618,733
526,822
84,118
7,793

604,866
529,590
68,550
6,726

continued

Air Carrier Profile continued
Performance
1960
Aircraft revenue-miles (thousands)
4
Domestic
858,451
Certificated, all services
716,961
Major, all services
94,794
Nationals, all services
N
Large regionals, all services
International 5
181,605
Certificated, all services
N
Major, all services
N
Nationals, all services
N
Large regionals, all services
Medium regionals, all services,
N
domestic and international
Total certificated
1,040,056
Aircraft revenue-hours
Domestic 4
3,672,900
Certificated, all services
2,802,317
Major, all services
606,146
Nationals, all services
N
Large regionals, all services
International 5
608,736
Certificated, all services
N
Major, all services
N
Nationals, all services
N
Large regionals, all services
Medium regionals, all services,
N
domestic and international
Total certificated
4,281,636
Revenue passenger-miles (thousands)
Domestic 4
Certificated, all services
###
Majors, all services
###
Nationals, all services
1,170,779
Large regionals, all services
N

1970

1980

1990

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2,067,598 2,523,375 3,963,263 4,379,830 4,629,394 4,811,453 4,910,948 5,034,691 5,332,483 5,664,281 5,548,323 5,616,309
1,778,065 2,113,669 3,547,339 3,760,064 3,953,287 4,083,664 4,191,113 4,260,052 4,598,092 4,784,663 4,680,536 4,418,671
247,055
330,528
351,946
519,312
569,641
614,519
594,241
702,913
668,646
813,061
809,367
939,355
N
56,995
60,542
78,573
85,363
96,573
112,682
51,199
47,438
52,941
40,936
44,128

2003

2004

2005

6,084,823
4,266,926
1,257,934
79,565

6,551,569 6,728,178
4,632,858 4,859,387
1,493,217 1,512,863
101,215
111,584

997,658 1,043,313 1,113,816 1,192,489 1,225,218 1,281,706 1,265,939 1,224,662
822,283
859,483
917,109 1,003,726 1,053,219 1,117,712 1,119,387 1,048,152
141,870
150,147
145,821
145,494
138,135
132,497
124,764
147,046
27,761
22,519
47,138
40,398
29,474
27,890
17,516
24,698

1,261,957
1,028,157
182,910
43,788

1,384,197 1,527,103
1,148,114 1,243,242
180,428
229,052
47,030
43,201

N
23,204
9,017
31,500
28,847
27,861
16,660
21,024
22,697
17,223
15,976
25,164
2,542,264 2,924,346 4,723,601 5,359,595 5,627,052 5,854,766 6,024,764 6,227,180 6,557,701 7,056,534 6,814,264 6,840,971

26,857
7,346,780

23,965
19,181
7,935,768 8,255,281

5,133,161 6,247,795 9,717,375
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
### 13,727,415 15,245,620
4,066,480 4,941,327 8,524,236 8,864,840 9,257,260 9,584,525 9,828,418 9,957,390
###
###
### 10,297,655 9,862,375
908,935
919,187 1,016,491 1,579,771 1,839,835 1,981,219 1,882,975 2,299,916 2,053,335 2,419,285 2,302,845 2,469,537 3,348,721
N
267,522
167,826
223,951
223,007
260,985
315,506
143,197
126,602
142,900
112,813
113,446
203,221

16,223,363
###
10,758,442
###
3,897,054 3,967,415
251,679
293,753

474,666
N
N
N

977,325
N
N
N

400,971
330,391
66,499
2,948

979,765
809,242
119,839
41,067

819,518 1,556,760 1,978,381 2,021,060 2,113,467 2,235,441 2,394,095 2,456,726 2,595,893 2,569,314 2,495,108
668,199 1,351,349 1,607,155 1,634,465 1,712,416 1,819,583 1,992,776 2,090,817 2,229,167 2,239,473 2,099,919
140,329
101,533
251,902
314,066
329,311
309,948
311,540
290,582
299,259
282,776
330,647
7,583
88,641
97,967
59,572
48,619
97,304
83,437
62,658
60,381
37,451
54,486

N
123,411
6,110,486 7,190,724

###
###
7,642,071
N

760,338
666,231
48,812
60,542

24,059
###

74,169
###

70,989
###

68,278
###

41,960
###

51,322
###

60,827
###

41,553
###

2,593,960
2,067,148
411,425
97,975

50,396
77,373
83,545
### 16,222,523 17,839,580

2,841,354 3,138,053
2,317,696 2,526,151
398,909
488,486
102,695
93,343
84,022
19,064,717

55,202
###

###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
### 556,689,817
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
### 462,026,551
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
### 49,906,626 67,778,579 83,886,589
###
711,868 1,752,615 3,757,414 4,381,267 5,443,071 5,778,338 3,124,802 2,627,816 2,527,254 1,999,953 2,048,656 3,728,298
5,884,338 4,683,065
continued

Air Carrier Profile continued
Performance (continued)
1960
1970
1980
1990
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
International 5
Certificated, all services
8,950,672
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
### 193,961,020
###
Majors, all services
N
N
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
### 179,788,812
###
Nationals, all services
N
N 8,659,592 6,794,533
###
###
###
###
### 9,649,710 8,447,916 7,710,903 6,803,106 8,760,401 10,876,092
###
Large regionals, all services
N
N
330,288 1,219,706 1,964,944
676,925
505,337 2,148,486 1,097,330 2,145,931 2,675,654 1,219,133 1,356,128 3,450,941
3,212,445 1,812,295
Medium regionals, all services,
N
N
250,571
domestic and international
330,848 1,621,892 1,627,365 2,103,551
713,425 1,507,751 1,360,275
855,653
628,777 1,627,448
960,228
468,208
118,203
Total certificated
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
### 750,650,837
###
Average passenger revenue / passenger-mile 6
(Domestic, scheduled service)
6.09
6.00
11.49
13.43
13.12
13.48
13.76
13.97
14.08
13.72
14.56
13.25
12.00
(R) 13.09
11.04
U
Average passenger fare 6
(Domestic, scheduled service)
30.01
40.65
84.60
107.86
103.21
106.66
110.37
114.10
121.27
111.60
101.94 (R) 103.75
114.08
114.99
104.08
U
Revenue passenger enplanements (thousands)
Domestic 4
Certificated, all services
56,352
153,662
275,182
428,767
489,351
506,789
538,394
548,735
566,951
589,170
616,778
574,881
564,400
592,412
635,515
672,957
Major, all services
48,678
122,866
223,237
393,927
428,328
441,650
466,743
478,253
486,903
519,760
537,379
496,453
468,052
452,298
487,020
515,920
Nationals, all services
5,949
26,726
47,145
32,015
53,361
55,656
62,183
61,316
74,281
65,072
76,092
75,599
83,035
111,375
128,966
136,546
Large regionals, all services
N
N
3,748
2,566
6,138
7,136
7,887
8,203
4,352
3,152
2,226
1,688
1,590
2,257
3,569
7,348
5
International
Certificated, all services
5,904
16,620
26,514
46,126
51,330
52,864
54,515
56,767
57,759
57,702
60,828
56,650
56,864
53,863
62,276
72,674
Major, all services
N
N
23,949
42,207
42,702
44,155
46,302
48,614
49,610
50,604
53,157
50,077
50,599
49,327
57,434
62,726
Nationals, all services
N
N
2,343
2,632
6,608
8,114
7,401
6,896
7,038
5,446
5,788
5,662
5,325
4,350
4,574
8,162
Large regionals, all services
N
N
149
1,246
1,741
556
405
1,231
940
1,404
1,810
833
669
121
124
1,522
Medium regionals, all services,
domestic and international
N
N
1,125
300
1,803
2,386
1,988
989
1,586
1,434
1,154
1,211
1,884
1,420
1,267
527
Total certificated
62,256
169,922
302,821
475,193
540,681
559,653
592,909
605,502
624,710
646,872
677,606
631,531
612,266
646,276
697,792
746,632
Revenue passenger
Load factor (%) (scheduled service)
Domestic 4
Certificated
58.5
48.9
64.7
58.0
60.4
65.4
67.9
69.1
70.0
69.8
71.2
69.1
70.3
72.6
74.4
76.5
Majors
59.5
49.3
58.1
65.0
60.6
65.7
68.5
69.7
70.4
70.3
71.6
69.3
70.6
72.9
74.8
77.2
Nationals
41.9
43.6
58.4
62.6
56.6
61.9
61.5
63.2
65.1
64.7
66.5
67.0
68.7
72.5
73.7
74.0
Large regionals
N
N
47.7
60.0
48.7
56.0
60.4
60.7
58.8
42.4
59.2
54.6
60.8
71.2
69.7
69.1
International 5
Certificated
62.2
53.0
70.6
62.8
69.1
71.8
73.3
74.1
72.8
74.4
76.0
72.8
76.6
76.5
79.1
79.3
Majors
N
N
62.8
70.8
69.1
72.1
73.7
74.4
72.9
74.5
76.1
72.9
76.8
76.8
79.3
79.6
Nationals
N
N
65.5
68.2
73.4
67.7
67.8
69.6
70.9
73.7
73.4
70.0
67.9
64.7
70.4
71.1
Large regionals
N
N
73.9
46.8
66.5
44.5
0.0
64.9
46.0
U
58.0
67.0
62.3
70.2
73.3
67.3
Medium regionals, all services,
N
N
53.8
domestic and international
46.7
0.0
59.3
66.7
49.7
58.2
58.3
35.5
60.4
57.8
64.3
58.7
48.7
continued

Air Carrier Profile continued
Performance (continued)
1960
U.S. international passenger travel d, 7
Total passenger-arrivals (thousands)
Flag of carrier
United States
1,332
Foreign
1,234
Total passenger-departures (thousands)
Flag of carrier
United States
1,200
Foreign
1,136
Total revenue ton-miles (thousands) e
Domestic 4
Certificated, all services
3,732,949
Majors, all services
3,332,483

1970

1980

1990

1994

1995

Nationals, all services
121,157
Large regionals, all services
N
5
International
Certificated, all services
1,291,336
Majors, all services
N
Nationals, all services
N
Large regionals, all services
N
Medium regionals, all services,
N
domestic and international
5,024,285
Total certificated
Revenue ton-miles of freight (thousands)
Domestic 4
Certificated, all services
552,756
Majors, all services
321,176
Nationals, all services
3,850
Large regionals, all services
N
5
International
Certificated, all services
268,156
Majors, all services
N
Nationals, all services
N
Large regionals, all services
N
Medium regionals, all services,
domestic and international
N
Total certificated
820,907

850,477 3,336,057 3,561,283 4,510,285 4,996,345
N
180,042
945,929 1,002,552
718,659

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

5,531
4,343

10,031
10,231

19,145
17,269

23,291
20,527

24,582
22,328

25,148
24,704

26,744
27,571

27,390
28,791

27,462
30,324

29,837
32,380

27,985
28,715

26,953
26,912

26,557
27,395

29,992
29,591

31,657
29,042

4,949
4,147

9,369
9,886

17,628
16,418

21,355
18,993

22,231
20,795

22,901
22,884

24,302
25,382

24,513
26,350

25,457
28,399

27,431
30,068

25,483
27,111

23,610
24,996

24,070
25,897

27,249
28,682

29,668
28,877

###
###

###
###

###
###

###

###
###

###
###

###
###

###
###

###
###

###
###

### 62,051,854 65,746,594
### 54,168,780 54,249,753

72,609,907
58,514,726

###
###

11,652,939

###

###

231,398 5,317,576 6,012,665 5,705,158 6,799,198 6,192,307 6,297,409

8,179,227

863,449

1,597,949

1,189,561 1,102,320

6,308,701 9,689,067
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
### 33,883,040 35,168,909
N 7,377,733
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
### 27,861,326 27,099,570
N 2,261,534 1,229,849 3,201,089 4,116,380 4,603,920 4,657,365 4,376,654 4,257,520 3,815,162 3,868,702 5,344,254 7,078,302
N
44,438
862,184
835,701
513,476
396,142 1,240,303 1,269,602
566,689
565,198
433,174
618,332
836,714

39,706,482
###
30,614,905
###
7,785,113 9,896,071
1,074,199 1,465,480

N
###

28,178
###

143,457
###

300,545
###

327,474
###

432,606
###

971,942

190,298
###

508,172

265,186
###

507,053

160,135
###

588,975

209,132
###

623,649

812,852

151,434
297,252
### 95,934,895

289,396
306,725
### 112,316,389

550,259
###

2,708,900 4,528,316 9,063,864
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
### 13,881,707 15,230,729
U 3,129,087 6,395,767 9,746,354
###
###
###
###
###
###
### 11,608,200 11,834,913
U 1,289,510 1,885,600 1,387,322 2,070,570 1,931,201 1,993,498 2,239,140 2,378,206 2,744,086 1,837,861 1,306,920 1,401,369
N
108,864
626,842
770,670
280,512
318,542
398,153
195,791
249,706
337,068
423,739
608,325 1,225,120

16,940,924
###
12,312,071
###
3,264,280 2,630,655
601,127
757,747

1,566,105 3,353,371 7,339,660 9,970,189
###
###
###
###
###
###
### 16,697,508 18,308,387
N 1,945,660 5,976,973 7,351,998 7,719,138 8,347,214 9,614,881
###
###
###
### 11,518,098 11,472,798
N 1,395,575
1,855,167
550,409
2,549,371 3,140,921 3,295,738 3,035,853 3,291,549 2,970,370 3,097,665 4,663,944 6,202,263
N
11,409
666,863
713,733
445,783
345,609 1,025,455 1,159,869
352,095
296,387
311,412
483,186
491,620

20,310,380
###
12,636,024
###
6,697,504 9,296,629
752,954 1,456,436

N
3,124
3,755,436 7,884,811

259,905
37,251,305

110,372
###

138,421
###

163,766
###

222,251
###

118,854
###

114,294
###

23,775
###

123,225
###

84,745
194,815
193,374
### 30,579,215 33,539,117
continued

543,327
###

Air Carrier Profile continued
Safety 8
1960
Air carrier fatalities
Operating under 14 CFR 121 (airlines)
Scheduled services
N
Nonscheduled services
N
Operating under 14 CFR 135
Scheduled services (commuters)
N
Nonscheduled services (on–demand air taxis)N
Total
499
Air carrier accidents
Operating under 14 CFR 121 (airlines)
Scheduled services
N
Nonscheduled services
N
Operating under 14 CFR 135
Scheduled services (commuters)
N
Nonscheduled services (on–demand air taxis)N
Total
90
Fatal air carrier accidents
Operating under 14 CFR 121 (airlines)
Scheduled services
N
Nonscheduled services
N
Operating under 14 CFR 135
Scheduled services (commuters)
N
Nonscheduled services (on–demand air taxis)N
Total
17

1970

1980

1990

1994

1995

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

N
N

0
1

39
0

239
0

(R) 160
(R) 8

342
38

3
5

1
0

12
0

(R) 89
(R) 3

531
0

0
0

22
0

(R) 13
(R) 1

22
0

N
N
146

37
105
143

6
51
96

25
63
327

9
52
(R) 229

14
63
457

46
39
93

0
45
46

12
38
62

5
71
(R) 168

13
60
604

0
35
35

2
(R) 42
(R) 66

(R) 0
(R) 64
(R) 78

0
18
40

N
N

15
4

(R) 21
(R) 3

(R) 18
(R) 5

(R) 30
(R) 6

(R) 31
(R) 6

(R) 43
(R) 6

(R) 41
(R) 9

(R) 40
(R) 11

(R) 49
(R) 7

(R) 41
(R) 5

(R) 35
(R) 6

(R) 51
(R) 3

(R) 23
(R) 7

32
7

N
N
55

38
171
228

15
107
(R) 146

10
85
(R) 118

12
75
(R) 123

11
90
(R) 138

16
82
(R) 147

8
77
(R) 135

13
(R) 74
(R) 138

12
80
(R) 148

7
72
(R) 125

(R) 7
(R) 60
(R) 108

2
(R) 74
(R) 130

(R) 4
(R) 66
(R) 100

6
66
111

N
N

0
1

6
0

4
0

2
1

3
2

3
1

1
0

2
0

3
0

6
0

0
0

2
0

(R) 1
(R) 1

3
0

N
N
8

8
46
55

3
29
38

3
26
33

2
24
29

1
29
35

5
15
24

0
17
18

5
12
19

1
22
26

2
18
26

0
18
18

1
(R) 18
(R) 24

(R) 0
(R) 12
(R) 25

0
11
14

KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.
a

1996

Some totals include data not in the table; thus totals may not equal sum of table data.

Includes scheduled and nonscheduled (charter) operators. By Sec. 2 of the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 "charter air carrier"
and "charter air transportation" replaced supplemental air carriers and supplemental air transportation, which were formerly Sec.
101(36) and (37) of the Act. The 24 pre-deregul ation supplemental carriers now have scheduled service authority.
c
Total includes only those carriers who have reported employment statistics to BTS' Office of Airline Information.
d
Passenger travel totals do not include Canada because the source does not record departures and arri vals to and from Canada.
e
Total Revenue Ton-Miles includes passenger, freight, express, and mail.
b

NOTES
Domestic encompasses operations within and between the 50 states of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico,
and the Virgin Islands. It also encompasses Canadian and Mexican transborder operations (U.S. airlines only). All other
operations are considered international.

SOURCES
Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.
1960-1970: Civil Aeronautics Board, Handbook of Airline Statistics, 1969 and 1973 (Washington, DC), pp. 69 and 71. 1980:
Civil Aeronautics Board, Air Carrier Financial Statistics, December 1981 (Washington, DC), pp. 3/28, 42, and 44. 1990-2005: U.S .
Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics (pre-1995, U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and
Special Programs Administration), Air Carrier Financial Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual December issue), pp. 7, 8, 10, 11, 14,
15 and similar pages in earlier editions.
1

1960: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information,
http://www.bts.gov/oai/employees/employcov.html as of Oct. 14, 2003. 1970-2005: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of
Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information,
http://www.bts.gov/programs/airline_information/number_of_employees/certificated_carriers/ as of Jan. 29, 2007.
3
Ibid., personal communication, Oct. 17, 2003, Sept. 10, 2004, and Feb. 1, 2007.
2

1960-1970: Civil Aeronautics Board, Handbook of Airline Statistics, 1969 and 1973 (Washington, DC), Part III, tables 2, 4, 7, and
13. 1980: Civil Aeronautics Board, Air Carrier Financial Statistics, December 1981 (Washi ngton, DC), pp. 2, 5, 46, and 86. 19902005: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics (pre-1995, U.S. Department of Transportation,
Research and Special Programs Administration), Air Carrier Traffic Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual December issue), pp. 3, 10,
17, 24, 29, and similar pages in earlier editions.
4

1960-1970: Civil Aeronautics Board, Handbook of Airline Statistics, 1969 and 1973 (Washington, DC), Part III, tables 2, 4, 7, and
13. 1980: Civil Aeronautics Board, Air Carrier Financial Statistics, December 1981 (Washi ngton, DC), pp. 3, 6, 85, and 115. 19902005: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics (pre-1995, U.S. Department of Transportation,
Research and Special Programs Administration), Air Carrier Traffic Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual December issue), pp. 4, 11,
18, 25, and similar pages in earlier editions.
5

Passenger Revenue: 1960-1970: C ivil Aeronautics Board, Handbook of Airline Statistics, 1969 and 1973 (Washington, DC).
1980: Civil Aeronautics Board, Air Carrier Financial Statistics, December 1981 (Washington, DC). 1990-2003: U.S. Department
of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics (pre-1995, U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special
Programs Administration), Air Carrier Financial Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual December issue), p. 1 and similar pages in
earlier editions. Revenue Passenger Miles / Revenue Passenger Enplanements: 1960-1970: Civil Aeronautics Board, Handbook
of Airline Statistics, 1969 and 1973 (Washington, DC), Part III. 1980: Civil Aeronautics Board, Air Carrier Financial Statistics,
December 1981 (Washington, DC). 1990-2005: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics (pre-1995,
U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration), Air Carrier Traffic Statistics (Washington, DC:
Annual December issue), p. 3 and similar pages in earlier editions.
6

1960-70: U.S. Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Report of Passenger Travel Between the U.S. and
Foreign Countries, 1960, 1970 (Washi ngton, DC). 1980-2005: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special
Programs Administration, U.S. International Air Travel Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), tables IIa and IId.
7

National Transportation Safety Board, Internet site http://www.ntsb.gov/aviation/stats.htm as of January 2007 and personal
communication.
8