1

0.95
0.9
0.85
0.8
0.75
0.7
0.65
0.6
0.55
0.5
0.45
0.4
0.35
0.3
0.25
0.2
0.15
0.1
0.05
0
Row 1

Water Transport Profile
FINANCIAL
1960
Operating revenues ($ millions)1
Domestic freight, total
1,722
Coastal waterways
747
Inland waterways
461
Great Lakes
227
Locks, channels
287
1,765
International freighta
Passenger, total
281
Domestic passenger, intercity
14
267
International passengerb
Revenues of U.S. commercial fishing
354
fleet-domestic landings ($ millions)2
INVENTORY
Number of domestic inland vessel operators
228
Number of employees4
d
Ships, boat building, and repairing
141,200
N
Water transportationd
Number of employeese, f, total5
49,281
Passenger / combo
8,560
Cargo
28,668
Tankers
12,053
Mileage of commercially navigable channels 25,000
Number of vessels6
Total nonself-propelled
16,777
Dry cargo barges and scows
14,025
Tankers
2,429
Railroad car floats
323
Total self-propelled
6,519
Dry cargo / passenger
1,796
Ferries, railroad car
31
Tankers
489
Towboats / tugs
4,203
U.S. merchant marine ships (over 1,000 gross tons)
2,926
Total U. S. flag7
Passenger / cargo
309
Freightersg
2,138
Bulk carriers
57
Tankers
422
Privately owned
1,008
Government owned
1,918
Number of recreational boats (thousands)
2,500

1970

1980

1990

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2,070
834
621
239
376
3,187
287
12
275

7,219
3,155
2,395
513
1,156
8,279
310
27
283

7,940
3,066
2,956
615
1,303
12,181
1,391
100
1,291

7,745
2,929
2,868
577
1,371
13,405
1,564
121
1,443

7,712
2,774
2,964
585
1,389
14,997
1,716
129
2,026

7,283
2,571
2,861
572
1,279
17,281
1,843
140
1,703

6,940
2,169
2,899
615
1,257
14,091
1,974
141
1,833

6,824
1,952
2,904
610
1,358
15,679
2,029
146
1,883

6,795
1,828
2,811
549
1,607
17,699
2,088
152
1,936

6,930
1,817
2,960
556
1,597
21,740
4,663
156
4,507

6,235
1,784
2,894
486
1,071
21,397
4,187
144
4,043

U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U

U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U

U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U

U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U

U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U

613

2,237

3,522

3,809

3,770

3,487

3,448

3,128

3,467

3,549

3,228

3,092

(R) 3,348

3,756

3,942

3,993

380

403

565

555

557

554

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

171,800
212,300
35,000
2,178
22,257
10,567
26,000

220,500
211,200
19,218
618
9,878
8,722
26,000

187,700
176,600
12,132
642
7,019
4,471
26,000

158,200
172,400
11,324
642
6,056
4,626
26,000

159,600
174,500
10,303
642
5,400
4,261
26,000

158,800
174,100
9,250
321
4,964
3,965
26,000

158,300
178,700
8,937
321
4,831
3,785
26,000

166,600
181,300
8,956
321
4,924
3,711
26,000

167,400
185,500
9,036
321
4,757
3,958
26,000

167,900
193,900
U
U
U
U
26,000

161,100
192,400
U
U
U
U
26,000

146,810
145,370
U
U
U
U
U

145,350
145,400
U
U
U
U
U

149,160
145,340
U
U
U
U
U

153,170
154,980
U
U
U
U
U

152,650
160,160
U
U
U
U
U

19,377
15,890
3,281
206
6,447
1,761
17
421
4,248

31,662
27,426
4,166
70
7,126
2,036
67
330
4,693

31,017
27,091
3,913
13
8,236
2,678
135
213
5,210

30,723
26,723
3,966
34
8,334
2,785
175
195
5,179

31,360
27,342
3,985
33
8,281
2,804
172
178
5,127

32,811
28,743
4,036
32
8,293
2,782
173
161
5,177

33,011
29,006
3,971
34
8,408
2,905
183
147
5,173

33,509
29,526
3,952
31
8,523
2,938
213
135
5,237

33,387
29,383
3,973
31
8,379
2,910
229
142
5,098

33,152
29,107
4,011
34
8,202
2,780
292
135
4,995

33,042
28,888
4,122
32
8,546
2,697
579
120
5,150

32,381
28,281
4,068
32
8,621
2,738
595
108
5,180

31,335
27,272
4,031
32
8,648
2,765
607
104
5,172

31,296
27,197
4,069
30
8,994
2,948
629
103
5,314

32,052
27,876
4,151
25
8,976
2,967
619
100
5,290

U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U

1,579
171
1,076
38
294
U
U
7,400

864
65
471
20
308
578
286
8,578

636
10
367
26
233
408
228
10,996

543
13
308
22
200
354
189
11,430

509
13
295
20
181
319
190
11,735

495
15
292
15
173
302
193
11,878

477
14
288
14
161
285
192
12,313

470
12
289
15
154
281
189
12,566

463
11
284
14
154
277
186
12,738

454
11
286
15
142
U
U
12,782

443
13
283
17
130
U
U
12,876

426
12
276
18
120
U
U
12,854

(R) 418
(R) 15
(R) 209
(R) 20
(R) 109
U
U
12,795

412
18
205
20
104
U
U
12,781

U
U
U
U
U
U
U
12,942

U
U
U
U
U
U
U
12,746

PERFORMANCE
Ton-miles (thousands)i, 9
Domestic water freight, total
N
Coastwise
N
Internal
N
Lakewise
N
Intraport
N
Tons of freight hauled (thousands) 9
Domestic, total
760,573
Coastwise
209,197
Internal
291,057
Lakewise
155,109
Intraport
104,193
Intraterritory
1,017
Exports, total
127,961
Great Lakes ports
23,150
Coastal ports
104,810
Imports, total
211,316
Great Lakes ports
12,851
Coastal ports
198,466
Average haul, domestic system (miles)i, 9
Coastwise
1,496
Internal
282
Lakewise
522
Cargo capacity (short tons)6
Total nonself-propelled vessels
16,355,657
Dry cargo barges
12,147,006
Tankers
4,208,651
Total self-propelled vessels
15,905,881
Dry cargo / passenger
12,188,956
Tankers
3,716,925
Fuel consumption (thousand barrels), total 122,014
Diesel fuel and distillate
18,730
Residual fuel oil
94,084
Gasoline
9,200

###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
###
79,416,000 61,747,100 60,929,900 58,263,400 59,703,800 58,335,300 62,165,900 61,654,300 57,045,200 57,879,100 50,853,500 53,652,900 47,539,400
1,179,000 1,596,400 1,087,000 1,292,700 1,349,600 1,474,500 1,378,100 1,380,700 1,362,200 1,490,200 1,413,000 1,329,000 1,335,900

621,170
279,857
284,096
55,733
1,484

591,277
263,464
274,367
51,924
1,521

U
U
U
U
U

950,727
238,440
472,123
157,059
81,475
1,630
241,629
35,932
205,698
339,340
26,406
312,934

1,077,483
329,609
534,979
115,124
94,184
3,588
403,883
45,077
358,806
517,521
15,515
502,006

1,122,299
298,637
622,595
110,159
86,378
4,529
441,586
32,898
408,688
599,970
17,558
582,412

1,099,011
277,029
618,409
114,777
82,870
5,926
396,246
27,108
369,138
719,497
23,028
696,469

1,093,035
266,612
620,324
116,127
83,104
6,868
474,700
32,968
441,732
672,657
18,897
653,760

1,100,679
267,389
622,081
114,870
89,011
7,327
450,794
31,855
418,940
732,592
24,503
708,090

1,112,527
263,146
630,558
122,734
89,816
6,273
432,313
33,209
399,104
788,303
24,532
763,771

1,094,112
249,633
625,028
122,156
90,077
7,217
404,708
36,876
367,831
840,680
25,558
815,122

1,061,787
228,802
624,575
113,887
88,650
5,873
399,996
40,233
359,763
860,775
22,196
838,579

1,069,798
226,938
628,445
114,352
94,558
5,505
415,042
40,131
374,911
939,749
23,917
915,832

1,042,472
223,606
619,784
100,002
93,222
5,858
399,011
40,519
358,491
951,815
21,391
929,794

1,021,001
216,396
608,038
101,466
90,004
5,097
384,350
38,066
346,284
934,941
21,548
929,794

1,016,136
223,458
609,598
89,776
86,909
6,395
373,324
32,943
340,381
1,004,791
23,336
981,455

1,047,088
220,557
626,598
103,533
91,267
5,484
415,786
36,090
379,697
1,089,065
26,086
1,062,979

1,028,910
213,668
623,980
96,226
90,166
4,871
401,827
37,291
364,536
1,096,885
24,114
1,072,771

U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U

1,509
330
506

1,915
405
536

1,604
470
553

1,652
482
508

1,652
494
514

1,526
477
508

1,330
466
507

1,261
472
505

1,279
488
501

1,251
481
506

1,228
476
509

1,219
483
529

1,248
457
530

1,269
454
538

1,233
440
540

U
U
U

24,026,024
17,695,275
6,330,749
19,284,050
10,815,977
8,468,073
123,591
19,503
89,850
14,238

44,875,116
34,486,851
10,388,265
23,906,346
8,011,587
15,894,753
273,380
35,201
213,131
25,048

###
38,189,490
10,757,295
19,829,011
7,147,054
12,681,957
232,036
52,310
148,764
30,962

49,708,960
### 54,086,973 54,974,961
38,643,518 39,971,443 42,748,644 43,710,093
11,065,442 11,169,087 11,338,329 11,264,868
16,867,458 15,783,399 14,850,253 14,161,739
7,118,193 6,484,707 6,208,011 6,685,719
9,749,265 9,298,692 8,642,242 7,476,020
210,650
225,470
213,721
187,729
48,260
47,098
51,848
50,180
141,544
153,125
138,214
114,044
20,846
25,247
23,659
23,505

55,999,952
44,718,691
11,281,261
12,970,167
6,371,425
6,598,742
183,856
50,609
110,480
22,767

56,468,065
45,049,209
11,418,856
13,892,574
6,928,684
6,963,890
208,604
49,157
133,301
26,146

56,581,364
44,814,696
11,678,593
13,458,519
6,740,153
6,718,366
233,227
53,843
152,616
26,768

57,341,226
45,281,492
11,957,598
12,770,889
6,544,807
6,226,082
U
U
U
U

56,721,816
44,688,157
11,925,863
12,093,812
6,452,715
5,641,097
U
U
U
U

55,053,776
43,094,911
11,860,144
11,804,878
6,570,281
5,234,597
U
U
U
U

55,527,696
43,282,387
12,158,254
12,546,796
7,293,500
5,253,396
U
U
U
U

57,035,748
44,777,151
12,172,542
12,342,584
6,614,973
5,727,512
U
U
U
U

U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U
U

SAFETY
Fatalities in waterborne transport
N
(vessel casualties only), totalj,10
Freight ship
N
Tank ship
N
Passenger vessel
N
Tug / towboat
N
Offshore supply
N
Fishing vessel
N
Recreational vessel
N
MODU k
N
Platform
N
Freight barge
N
Tank barge
N
Miscellaneous
N
Injuries in waterborne transport, totalj,10
N
Freight ship
N
Tank ship
N
Passenger vessel
N
Tug / towboat
N
Offshore supply
N
Fishing vessel
N
Recreational vessel
N
N
MODU k
Platform
N
Freight barge
N
Tank barge
N
Miscellaneous
N
Fatalities in recreational boating (vessel
casualties only), total 8
739
Air thrust
N
Propeller
N
Inboard
N
Outboard
N
Inboard / outboard
N
Jet
N
Sail
N
Manual (oars, paddle)
N
Other
N
Propulsion unknown
N
KEY: N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.

178
30
4
1
22
N
77
N
N
N
N
N
44
105
14
19
10
10
N
13
N
N
N
N
N
N

206
8
4
5
14
N
60
N
N
N
N
N
56
180
8
9
10
27
N
28
N
N
N
N
N
98

85
0
5
3
13
2
47
3
0
1
0
0
11
175
10
13
51
19
9
31
2
13
9
3
3
12

77
0
3
4
1
1
48
13
0
U
2
0
5
180
6
10
43
19
2
55
17
0
U
4
3
21

52
0
0
4
1
2
23
22
0
U
0
0
0
152
1
8
47
19
10
41
20
0
U
0
5
1

55
1
0
8
1
2
37
3
0
U
0
0
3
229
7
1
142
16
7
36
9
0
U
0
2
9

48
2
0
1
3
0
22
7
4
U
2
0
7
119
3
5
36
21
3
25
6
3
U
5
0
12

67
2
1
3
0
6
33
7
0
U
1
0
14
130
3
6
39
12
5
35
9
0
U
1
0
20

51
0
0
14
5
0
23
5
0
0
0
1
3
136
2
5
71
13
1
19
11
2
1
0
2
9

45
0
0
0
0
2
28
10
0
0
1
0
4
131
4
3
50
10
5
24
26
0
1
2
0
6

31
1
0
3
4
0
9
12
1
0
0
1
0
185
2
3
109
18
13
15
15
3
0
0
2
5

61
3
0
6
8
0
15
14
0
0
0
0
2
187
7
0
57
17
0
41
14
0
0
0
0
9

54
3
0
29
0
0
14
1
2
U
0
2
0
255
12
3
140
12
5
29
11
19
U
0
2
14

48
8
3
9
1
0
16
7
1
U
1
0
0
228
7
7
81
27
5
37
37
3
U
4
3
7

45
2
0
6
10
0
16
9
0
U
1
0
1
140
12
3
58
20
1
29
8
2
U
0
1
3

48
1
0
3
6
0
19
12
1
U
2
0
2
177
19
2
63
22
6
33
13
2
U
0
0
6

1,418
N
N
119
774
28
N
44
205
29
219

1,360
N
N
100
609
47
10
43
272
14
265

865
N
N
50
454
53
25
20
182
5
76

748
N
N
36
341
49
58
13
140
12
135

829
4
475
N
N
N
68
4
148
8
122

709
1
363
N
N
N
61
8
109
8
159

821
6
436
N
N
N
83
15
150
10
121

815
11
462
N
N
N
82
5
151
0
104

734
2
421
50
326
35
75
7
114
0
115

701
4
439
48
328
49
70
14
137
0
37

681
2
326
34
245
32
45
19
144
0
145

750
1
506
60
372
47
75
3
107
0
58

703
6
421
40
320
47
66
7
113
0
90

676
4
433
39
322
43
65
11
130
0
33

697
3
355
24
259
61
72
21
134
1
111

710
3
438
39
301
69
74
11
135
1
48

The international water freight operating revenues data was revised in Transportation in America 1998 for all years except
1994 and 1996. Therefore, the international water freight data for years 1994 and 1996 may not be comparable to other
years.
b
Revenues paid by American travelers to U.S. and foreign flag carriers.
a

Does not include vessel operators whose primary area of operation is fishing, towing, passenger transport, ferrying, or
crew boat utility service.
c

Data for 2002 is based on new NAICS classifications and therefore comparisons between 2002 data and data for prior
years may be misleading. Prior to 2002 water transportation was calculated based on SIC classifications and included
commercial port, marina, and other employees; excluding employees of not-for-hire private businesses. Data for water
transportation in 2002 includes NAICS categories 483100, 483200, 488300. Data for ships, boat building, and repairing is
based on the NAICS category 336600.
d

Estimate based on established active jobs for licensed and unlicensed personnel aboard oceangoing ships of 1,000 grosstons and over, privately owned and operated, government-owned ships under bare boat charters, ship managers and
General Agency Agreement, supplemented by Military Sealift Command employment totals for ships with Civil Service
crews.
e

Data is current as of January 1 of the following year with the exception of 1999 data, which is current as of Apr. 1, 1999.
Due to a change in the source's periodicity, the data for 1999 is not comparable to the data from years prior to 1999.
g
Freighters data include bulk carriers prior to calendar year 1983.
h
The U.S. Coast Guard changed its methodology for counting the number of recreational boats. Figures cited represent
number of numbered boats, not estimates as previously noted for 1960 and 1970.
f

Does not include intraterritorial traffic (traffic between ports in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, which are considered a
single unit).
i

1992-2002 data come from the Marine Safety Management Information System. Data for prior years may not be directly
comparable. Beginning in 2000, numbers may not add to totals because data is now recorded in a new information system
known as MISLE, which does not associate every fatality and injury with a specific vessel.
k
Mobile Offshore Drilling Units.
j

SOURCES
Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.
1

Eno Transportation Foundation Inc., Transportation in America, 2002 (Washington, DC: 2002), pp. 38, 40, 51, and 58.

U.S. Department of Commerce, National Marine Fisheries Services, Fisheries of the United States (Silver Spring, MD:
Annual issues), p. 4 and similar pages in earlier editions.
2

3

U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, MAR-450, personal communication.

1960-1990: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment, Hours and Earnings, United States, 19091994 (Washington, DC: September 1994) and 1988-1996 (Washington, DC: August 1996), SICs 373 and 44. 1994-2006:
Ibid., Internet website http://www.bls.gov as of November 2007.
4

U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, U.S. Merchant Marine Data Sheet (Washington, DC: Annual
issues).
5

1960-1998: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Summary of U.S. Flag Passenger & Cargo Vessels (New Orleans, LA: Annual
issues). 1999-2005: Ibid., Waterborne Transportation Lines of the United States (New Orleans, LA: Annual issues) part 1,
section 1, table 1 and 2.
6

U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, Merchant Fleets of the World (Washington, DC: Annual
issues), and unpublished revisions.
8
U.S. Coast Guard, Boating Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues).
7

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterborne Commerce of the United States (New Orleans, LA: Annual issues), part 5,
section 1, tables 2, 3, and 4.
9

1970-A321990: U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Investigations and Analysis, G-MAO-2, personal communication. 1994-2006:
Ibid., Data Administration Division (G-MRI-1), personal communication, Feb. 13, 2002, July 2, 2003 and August 29, 2007.
10

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