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InterAction Member Activity Report

SRI LANKA
A Guide to Humanitarian and Development Efforts of
InterAction Member Agencies in Sri Lanka
December 2007

Photo courtesy of Salvation Army World Service Offi ce

Produced by Mattie Ressler
With the Humanitarian Policy and Practice Team, InterAction

And with the support of a cooperative agreement with USAID/OFDA

1400 16th Street, NW, Suite 210, Washington DC 20036
Phone (202) 667-8227 Fax (202) 667-8236l
Website: www.interaction.org
Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS.....................................................................................................2
MAP OF SRI LANKA.........................................................................................................4
REPORT SUMMARY & HISTORICAL BACKGROUND...............................................5
INTERACTION M EMBER AGENCIES CONTRIBUTING.............................................7
GLOSSARY OF ACRONYM S...........................................................................................8
ORGANIZATIONS BY SECTOR ACTIVITY..............................................................9

Photo by Amy Ellingson, courtesy of Mercy Corps

INTERACT ION MEMBER ACTIVI TY REPORT

ADVENTIST DEVELOPM ENT AND RELIEF ASSOCIATION…………......……….10
AM ERICAN JEWISH JOINT DISTRIBUTION COMMITTEE.....................................12
AM ERICAN RED CROSS................................................................................................17
AM ERICAN REFUGEE COMM ITTEE...........................................................................20
CARE.................................................................................................................................23
CHRISTIAN CHILDREN’S FUND..................................................................................27
CHRISTIAN REFORM ED WORLD RELIEF COMM ITTEE.........................................31

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CHURCH WORLD SERVICE..........................................................................................34
DIRECT RELIEF INTERNATIONAL.............................................................................36
EPISCOPAL RELIEF AND DEVELOPM ENT................................................................38
HEART TO HEART INTERNATIONAL........................................................................39
INTERNATIONAL M EDICAL CORPS ..........................................................................42
INTERNATIONAL RELIEF AND DEVELOPM ENT ....................................................44
LUTHERAN WORLD RELIEF........................................................................................47
MAP INTERNATIONAL..................................................................................................48
M ERCY CORPS................................................................................................................49
OPERATION USA............................................................................................................52
OXFAM AM ERICA..……………………………………………………………………55
PRESBYTERIAN DISASTER ASSISTANCE AND HUNGER PROGRAM …......…..56
RELIEF INTERNATIONAL.............................................................................................58
SALVATION ARM Y WORLD SERVICE OFFICE........................................................59
SAVE THE CHILDREN ...................................................................................................61
UNITED M ETHODIST COMMITTEE ON RELIEF.......................................................62
U.S. FUND FOR UNICEF ................................................................................................65
WORLD CONCERN.........................................................................................................66
WORLD VISION ..............................................................................................................68

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Map of Sri Lanka

Map Courtesy United Nations Cartographic Center
http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/db900SID/SKAR-64GDTV?OpenDocument&rc=3&cc=lka

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Report Summary year, many NGOs cite continued and
escalating violence, leading to an increase in
This report chronicles the activities of 26 the numbers of internally displaced persons
InterAction M ember Agencies in Sri Lanka. seeking shelter, clean water and basic
In December of 2006, the Tsunami economic resources. With significant
Accountability Report detailed the activities barriers to full cooperation with and from
of InterAction members through the end of the Government of Sri Lanka, InterAction
September, 2006. Therefore, this report member NGOs are finding it difficult to
contains information on programs, funding place staff and maintain full operations in
and partnerships with and for Sri Lankans conflict-affected areas, where the need for
between October 2006 and November 2007. these programs is great.

A majority of responding agencies have Furthermore, waves of return by previously
been active in Sri Lanka since early 2005. internally displaced persons create a need
They have transitioned tsunami emergency for members to be ever responsive and
response programs into longer-term mobile in order to address new needs as Sri
reconstruction, community development and Lankans return home after long periods of
livelihood programs. Some members have absence. The compounded effects of the
focused almost exclusively on housing tsunami and the re-ignition of conflict have
construction, while others have responded to led to a greater need for psychosocial
the conditions in Sri Lanka by focusing on support programs and for new, creative
the mental, physical and emotional needs of efforts in livelihood development.
children. A number of vocational,
educational and community centers have In the following pages, this M ember
been renovated and reconstructed, while Activity Report will describe the relief and
capacity-building remains one of the development programs of InterAction
foremost strategic goals in the development member agencies in Sri Lanka from the
process. period of October 2006 to November 2007.
M ember submissions detail the type of
Programmatically, many responding assistance provided, geographic location of
agencies have experienced a significant activity, partners, funding and the number of
degree of success with water and sanitation persons reached. InterAction members have
programs throughout the country, greatly impacted the lives of thousands in
specifically in tea estates. Other members Sri Lanka.
have provided millions of US dollars in
funding to support Sri Lankan NGOs. One
member agency helped to start and now Historical Background
partially funds an island-wide network of Sri
Lankan organizations in order to facilitate Formerly known as Ceylon, Sri Lanka was
effective relief and development programs. colonized in turn by Portugal, the
Netherlands, and Great Britain. Ceylon
While hopeful, an overwhelming majority of became independent from Great Britain in
the responses we have received detailed 1948, after having contributed to efforts in
grim special concerns. Security remains an World War II. Over 70% of the population
issue as security conditions have of Sri Lankans are Sinhalese, 15% are
deteriorated significantly. Over the past Tamils, and the remaining minorities include

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aborigines known as Veddahs, M uslims and autonomy to the northeast. A ceasefire
Burghers – descendents of the Dutch and between the GoSL and the LTTE, negotiated
British. Of the Tamil population, the by Norwegians in 2002, is still legally in
majority are Tamils who have lived in Sri force but is largely ignored. Fighting
Lanka for hundreds of years, though a intensified greatly in August of 2006,
significant number are Tamils of Indian causing additional displacement of over
descent, brought to Sri Lanka as indentured 300,000 people and at least 3,500 deaths.
servants by the British colonizers. They
have made their homes and livelihoods in On December 26, 2004, the Indian Ocean
the tea estates in the southern portion of the Tsunami swept the island nation, and over
country. 35,000 lives were lost. M assive amounts of
state infrastructure were devastated along
In 1983, violence erupted in the state of Sri the coast, as well as businesses, livelihood
Lanka. Tamils had begun to agitate against equipment, homes and schools. The United
the structure of the state and its relationship Nations Office for the Coordination of
with Tamil minority rights and culture. Humanitarian Affairs estimates that over
Sinhalese nationalism, Sri Lanka’s adoption 440,000 people were displaced by the
of Buddhism as a preferred religion, and the tsunami. Although ongoing reconstruction
acceptance of Sinhala as the foremost has greatly mitigated the effects of the
language of the state were all points of disaster, two major earthquakes and another
tension. The Liberation Tigers of Tamil tidal wave have since struck the island.
Eelam (LTTE), a militant force seeking
statehood for Sri Lanka’s Tamil minority in Currently, many IDPs are returning home,
the Northeast, had been responsible for the some more voluntarily than others, to a
deaths of 13 Sinhalese soldiers. As the rapidly destabilizing situation. M any
following uproar ensued, thousands of recently returned IDPs have missed the
people were displaced from their homes and planting season and may face severe food
many fled to neighboring India. Hundreds of and livelihood insecurity in the months to
people were killed. Violence continues come. Furthermore, as conflict between the
through the present day. GoSL and the LTTE intensifies, citizens of
Sri Lanka may be increasingly caught in the
M ultiple ceasefires between the LTTE and crossfire. Human rights abuses are
the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) have beginning to intensify on both sides of the
been signed. In the later 1980s, the conflict, with recruitment of child soldiers
Government of Sri Lanka acquiesced, on the rise. Accusations of abductions and
granting official status for Tamil language, a killings are also on the rise.
limited devolution of powers to the
provinces, and an experimental fusion of the InterAction member organizations continue
North and East provinces. An Indian to combat the ongoing effects of the
peacekeeping force came to uphold the tsunami, poverty, and chronic conflict.
ceasefire between the warring parties but However, they face an uphill battle as
was unable to quell LTTE agitation, and fighting intensifies and NGO staff are met
fighting intensified. In 2002, a ceasefire with growing suspicion from the citizens,
followed the failed attempts of a 1995 return media and the Government of Sri Lanka.
to peace talks, again providing a degree of

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Inte rAction Membe r Agencies Contributing to this Report

Adventist Development and Relief A gency International (ADRA)
American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC)
American Red Cross
American Refugee Committee (ARC)
CARE
Christian Children’s Fund (CCF)
Church World Service
Christian Reformed World Relief Committee (CRWRC)
Direct Relief International
Episcopal Relief and Development (ERD)
Heart to Heart International (HHI)
International M edical Corps (IM C)
International Relief and Development (IRD)
Lutheran World Relief (LWR)
MAP International
M ercy Corps
Operation USA
Oxfam America
Presbyterian Disaster Assistance and Hunger Program
Relief International (RI)
Salvation Army World Service Office (SAWSO)
Save the Children
United M ethodist Committee on Relief (UM COR)
U.S. Fund for UNICEF (USF)
World Concern
World Vision

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Glossary of Acronyms

CBOs: Community-Based Organizations
CIDA: Canadian International Development Agency
CRC: Children’s Charter of the United Nations
DfID: Department for International Development
FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization
GoSL: Government of Sri Lanka
HIV/AIDS: Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
ICRC: International Committee of the Red Cross
IDPs: Internally Displaced Persons
INGOs: International Non-governmental Organizations
IOM : International Organization for M igration
LNGOs: Local Non-governmental Organizations
LTTE: Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
M oE: M inistry of Education
M oH: M inistry of Health
M oU: M emorandum of Understanding
NGOs: Non-governmental Organizations
OCHA: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
OFDA: Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance
SLRCS: Sri Lanka Red Cross Society
UNDP: United Nations Development Program
UNHCR: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
UNICEF: United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund
USAID: United States Agency for International Development
USG: United States Government
YM CA: Young M en’s Christian Association

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Organization Activity by Sector
Child Protection Relief International Episcopal Relief and
CCF Development
USF Gender Issues/Women in IRD
World Vision Development Relief International
JDC UM COR
Community Development CARE
ADRA IM C Livelihood Activities,
JDC LWR Business Development
CARE and Credit
CRWRC Health Care ADRA
M ercy Corps ADRA American Red Cross
Operation USA JDC ARC
Presbyterian Disaster American Red Cross CARE
Assistance and Hunger ARC CCF
Program Direct Relief International Heart to Heart
SAWSO Episcopal Relief and International
UM COR Development IM C
Heart to Heart LWR
Disaster and Emergency International M ercy Corps
Relief IM C Oxfam America
American Red Cross IRD Relief International
CARE MAP International UM COR
Church World Service SAWSO
Heart to Heart World Concern Water and S anitation
International World Vision JDC
IM C American Red Cross
M ercy Corps Human Rights, Peace ARC
Operation USA and Conflict Resolution CCF
Oxfam America CARE IRD
World Concern Episcopal Relief and Oxfam America
World Concern Development World Concern
Heart to Heart World Vision
Education and Training International
JDC LWR Reconstruction
Heart to Heart M ercy Corps CRWRC
International Oxfam America
IM C Internally Displaced SAWSO
IRD Persons
Operation USA JDC
Presbyterian Disaster American Red Cross
Assistance and Hunger CARE
Program CCF

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ADVENTIST DEVELOPMENT AND RELI EF AGENCY
INTERNATIONAL

U.S . Contact Field Contact
Julio M unoz Stephen Cooper
Interim Bureau Chief for M arketing and Country Director
Development ADRA Sri Lanka
ADRA International 37 Purana Road, Wattegedara, M aharagama
12501 Old Columbia Pike Sri Lanka
Silver Spring, M D 20904 tel: +94.11.284.1940
tel: 301.680.6373 fax: +94.11.284.3875
fax: 301.680.6370 mobile: +94.77.329.6737
Julio.M unoz@adra.org info@adrasrilanka.org or
director@adrasrilanka.org

Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) International

ADRA’s mission is to reflect the character of God through humanitarian and developmental
activities by providing assistance in situations of crisis or chronic distress and working toward
the development of long-term solutions with those affected. ADRA actively supports
communities through a portfolio of development activities that are planned and implemented
cooperatively.

Adventist Development and Relief Agency in S ri Lanka

Contributing to a peaceful Sri Lanka, ADRA Sri Lanka’s employees are committed to assisting
communities through integrated, quality development programming in focused sectors and
geographic areas.

Community Development

The Ampara Community Empowerment project is a two-year project designed to focus on the
sectors of livelihood, housing, peace building and water. Supported by ADRA International and
ADRA network offices around the world, ACE reaches 2,000 people in tsunami-affected
families. Permanent housing schemes in Ampara District have improved basic water and housing
infrastructure. Community engagement mechanisms have facilitated amicable co-existence
among the residents and neighboring communities.

Health Care

Located in Central Province, in the Nuwara-Eliya District, the Community Hygiene and Health
Education Project (CHHEP) is a 12-month project designed to impact the lives of 650
individuals. The project promotes hygiene and health education and is carried out in partnership
with the District Secretary of the Nuwara Eliya District. Intended outcomes include the creation

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of CBOs that will take responsibility for the oversight of community health issues in
Queensland, M ahanilu and Luccombe Estates. ADRA expects improved hygiene standards
among the plantation communities, an improved drainage system in Queensland Estate and the
utilization and maintenance of latrines in Queensland and M ahanilu Estates. Additional expected
outcomes for the project include continued and strengthened income generation and community
health promotion activities in Queensland, M ahanilu and Luccombe Estates.

Livelihood Activities, Business Development and Credit

Livelihoods and Infrastructure for Family Empowerment Project (LIFE) is a two-year tsunami
recovery project in the Hambantota District focusing on livelihoods, housing, health, education,
water and capacity building. Under the umbrella of the LIFE project, ADRA constructed
rainwater harvesting tanks and kitchen drainage facilities with the participation of project
beneficiaries, newly trained in the efficient use of water supply. ADRA developed and
implemented a market-appropriate and community-driven livelihood support program, as well as
training packages on participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation (PHAST). Capacity
building programs for two committees focusing on infrastructure and sustainable livelihoods
were also designed and implemented. Designed to impact the lives of 1,000 people in 200
families, LIFE is funded by ADRA Switzerland, Swiss Solidarity, and ADRA Czech Republic.
The LIFE program has been implemented with support from numerous local partners.

Water and S anitation

In Pottuvil, Arugam Bay and Komari in the Ampara District, the Ampara Water Sourcing Project
(AWSP) is a water sanitation and health education project that distributes clean potable water to
selected tsunami-affected communities. AWSP constructs or rehabilitates wells and hand pumps
and teaches hygiene and health education to local communities. By the end of the project, AWSP
will have rehabilitated or constructed 33 wells and hand pumps and impacted the lives of 35,000
individuals over the course of one year. AWSP is financially supported by ADRA Canada.
ADRA engaged with the Italian NGO RC, IOM , World Vision, and locally with JAICA/Water
Board, Government PHO, and M OH in order to make this project a reality.

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American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee

U.S . Contact
American Joint Distribution Committee
711 Third Avenue
New York, NY 10017

The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Inc. (JDC) serves as the overseas arm of the
American Jewish community, sponsoring programs of relief, rescue and renewal. In Sri Lanka,
JDC offers humanitarian aid on a non-sectarian basis to communities that are victims of natural
and man-made disasters. JDC programs encompass disaster relief and reconstruction, medical
and health initiatives, support for vulnerable groups, training for local organizations, education
and employment initiatives.

JDC in S ri Lanka

JDC began its operations in Sri Lanka following the tsunami of December 26th , 2004. JDC's
activities in the country are implemented in partnership with local NGOs, which have the
knowledge and ability to reach the people who were affected by the disaster and to ensure that
donations reach their intended recipients. The majority of JDC's projects are implemented in
coordination with Sarvodaya, the largest Sri Lankan NGO. Additionally, the JDC has
partnerships with USAID Sri Lanka, Sunera Foundation, Rotary, and with MASHAV.

Community Development

JDC is supporting the construction of multi-purpose community centers (M PCC) through
Sarvodaya, which will serve Kalutara, Galle, M atara and Hambantota, along the southern coast,
reaching an estimated 25-35,000 people when complete. So far the JDC has provided $332,000
(USD) of the $550,000 committed to the project. The MPCCs will each house a selection of
community-based programs including a pre-school classroom, a community bank (SEEDS), a
community arts and cultural center, a day center for elderly, a library, a welfare society office, a
vocational training center, a multi-purpose room for community events, a kitchen and a
playground.

The JDC provided $30,000 to Sarvodaya for a vehicle to enable the Sarvodaya District Centre in
Batticaloa to implement activities and provide services particularly to vulnerable groups. The
vehicle conducts mobile clinics, delivers essential food and other supplies and transports
volunteers and staff for emergency relief.

The leadership of Sarvodaya is establishing the Community Tourism Initiative (CTI) as a step
towards its goal of increasing financial independence for its programs. JDC will contribute
$106,000 towards the training, which is theoretical and model-based. Three types of income-
generating activities in the field of tourism include “self-managed” initiatives, such as camping
experiences and home stays; “commercial partnerships,” with a visitors’ center and a Sri Lankan
tourism industry partner, and “tourism-related business enterprises,” such as community arts and

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cultural centers. Profits from these new models of economic initiatives will provide income for
the villagers and will be reinvested in Sarvodaya’s ongoing work. 2,000 villagers will be directly
impacted, and many more will feel indirect benefits as village societies and Sarvodaya generate
income. Private enterprises and companies in the tourist and catering industries will collaborate
in these programs to assist the beneficiaries.

JDC will contribute $500,000 to a playground initiative through a partnership with USAID. Up
to 85 children’s playgrounds will be reconstructed in tsunami-affected districts throughout the
country. This project began with a special community-based participatory planning process to
ensure community "ownership" of the playgrounds, which will ensure long-term maintenance
and upkeep of the equipment. Playgrounds will be developed in varied size formats that are
appropriate to each community, with elements that are accessible to special needs populations. A
scoping team of American and Israeli playground experts visited Sri Lanka in mid-M ay 2005 and
recommended that playgrounds meet international safety standards throughout the country.
Training workshops for installation, maintenance and safety of the playgrounds were provided
by American experts. The playgrounds will be placed in government-controlled, tsunami-
affected areas with four signature parks in Galle, Colombo, Ampara and Jaffna. The playgrounds
should serve over 100,000 children a year, though exact numbers are difficult to calculate until
the parks are functioning. A program involving the public sector, the private sector, and the local
community will be initiated for the maintenance of these parks. It will be an action under a
corporate social responsibility activity for the private sector in cost sharing for the long-term
maintenance of the parks.

JDC will provide $51,000 to finance the integration of differently-abled and marginalized
persons through the performing arts. The aim is to empower people in this area with a renewed
sense of self worth, to engage people of all ethnicities and social strata, and to encourage
expression and creativity on a communal level. Of this funding, $5,000 is for training in Israel
towards a partnership with the Sunera Foundation. Approximately 1,800 children and young
adults in Sri Lanka who are living in transitional housing and have suffered mental trauma as a
result of the tsunami will be impacted by the project. The projected age range for this group is 3-
18 years.

Education and Training

Located approximately 40 feet from the shore, an 800-child school was completely destroyed by
the tsunami's waves. The Dharmarama K. Vidyalaya School is being completely rebuilt on land
donated by the local Buddhist Temple at a site that is on higher ground. JDC support in the form
of $600,000 will go towards the construction of a new and upgraded school facility and provision
of school equipment and furniture. The school will be constructed in partnership with the Rotary
M id-City Club 3220 of Colombo.

Until the tsunami, Ariyawansa Kanishta Vidyala housed 830 pupils. The tsunami damaged the
school building and destroyed the smaller Kalutara School. Ariyawansa Kanishta Vidyala will be
refurbished and reconstructed in order to unite the two schools. The new building is expected to
serve 1,200 pupils from grade 1-12. JDC's donation of $390,000 will cover the construction costs

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of an auditorium, staff room and library, the construction of which will be carried out by the
Rotary M id-Town club of Colombo.

JDC committed $40,000 to the construction of four pre-schools in tsunami-affected
communities: one in Ambalangoda in the Galle district and a further three in the Ampara district:
Panama North, Panama South and Abesinghepura. Approximately 150 children will benefit
directly every year from the pre-schools.

Through Sarvodaya, JDC has distributed 2,000 school bags replete with underwear, socks,
school uniform material, school stationery and hygiene kits to tsunami-affected children in Galle.
These bags enable the children to return to school with the basic tools they require in hand. This
project was implemented with funding by JDC of $50,000 with the children’s welfare branch of
Sarvodaya: Suwasetha Sewa Society.

The Bandaragama Training Center has been functioning as Sarvodaya's training facility. JDC's
funding will assist in developing this site to broaden its utilization. In addition, the center will
provide external teaching expertise and appropriate management, leadership and skills-
development programs with specific emphasis on those working in tsunami-impacted districts
throughout Sri Lanka. Sarvodaya will use the enhanced facilities to introduce income-generating
activities so that the center will become entirely self-sustaining. The JDC has committed US
$190,000 of capital in the center and will invest a further $90,000 in programs.

JDC will provide $410,000 capital and $40,000 in program funding in order to refurbish and
upgrade the existing Narigama Vocational Training Center in Hikkaduwa, Galle District as part
of a USAID initiative to reconstruct and re-equip ten existing Vocational Training Centers. The
Centers will forge public-private partnerships to support and inform training, and will be
constructed using principles of environmentally sound architecture. In addition to facilities
renovation, the center will address key skills gaps in workforce training, such as: English
language, micro-enterprise development and information and communication technology.
Program activities will focus on curriculum, pedagogy, staffing configurations, professional
development, private sector and community engagement, student ownership and leadership, job
placement and utilization of “green” elements of building design as instructional tools. The
center is expected to serve a minimum of 300 people yearly between the ages of 16 to 35, mostly
from the Hikkaduwa area.

JDC is providing $100,000 in support of training for up to 100 professionals from Sarvodaya and
Sunera Foundation in Israel. Participants will be expected to train other professionals on their
return to Sri Lanka. Training areas include: crisis intervention in the community and the family,
women’s entrepreneurship and micro-enterprise development, special needs of women and youth
at risk, services for children with special needs, intensive vegetable production under protected
conditions and developing and organizing a trauma system.

Gender Issues and Women in Development

The psychosocial element of the Sarvodaya Women's M ovement provides regular recreational,
enrichment and therapeutic intervention activities for children who exhibit signs of trauma and

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stress in post-tsunami situations. Female volunteers are recipients of special training that helps
them to better facilitate interactive activities for children, to identify and refer children exhibiting
abnormal behaviors and to help support children and families who are suffering under the duress
of the situation created by the tsunami. The Women's Livelihood Support component of the
program provides vocational training courses to instruct women in production of a wide range of
handicraft items, with the ultimate intention of marketing these items locally and to tourists on a
long-term basis. Women are also producing garments, drying fish, growing mushrooms and
grinding chili and grains. The program provides the women with new equipment, such as sewing
machines. For these women, the return to work has been an immeasurable part of their
psychological healing process. Other integrated components of this holistic program include a
focus on improving health and nutrition and attention to the environment and ecology.

A psychosocial economic empowerment program will be funded with a grant of $425,000 for
serving ten villages in Galle, two villages in Ampara, four villages in Alumni and four villages in
Batticaloa. This program has reached approximately 47,000 people to date, though this figure
includes indirect beneficiaries. Sarvodaya is the JDC’s implementing partner for this project,
thanks to which over 2,000 people have established income generation.

Health Care

JDC is providing $100,000 to Sarvodaya for the purchase of a mobile medical unit to provide
basic field laboratory services and clinical facilities. These increased capacities will aid the rapid
diagnosis and management of diseases and epidemics in the camps and communities affected by
tsunami and will serve a population of 257,000 people.

The unit enhances prevention of epidemics in tsunami-affected areas, and provides basic, simple
testing facilities that will enable preventative clinical care and health education at the village
level. In the event of future disasters, the mobile medical unit will be deployed to mitigate human
suffering and provide first aid and initial care.

In partnership with M ASHAV and the Sri Lankan M oH, an emergency medical response system
will be implemented in the Galle District. This pilot program will focus on response to mass
casualty events. Funding will be provided for training programs, the exact amount of which is
yet to be determined. In addition, JDC is funding the purchase of 6 ambulances and will be
providing $500,000: $250,000 for the purchase of ambulances and $250,000 in program support.

JDC is providing $697,380 in funding for a partnership between UJA-Federation of New York,
the Israel Trauma Coalition and a Sri Lankan mental health NGO named Sahanaya. The project
consists of 4 training sessions that promote skills to deal with trauma relief in a community
context. The participants come from a wide range of backgrounds and include medical
professionals, social workers, NGO workers and municipal employees. Approximately 250
people from tsunami-affected communities receive training. Sixty of these will complete a
master's program, which will allow them to become trainers themselves, thereby impacting a
wider circle of people.

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Internally Displaced Persons

In order to help professionals in the Galle District focus more fully on serving and rehabilitating
the wider community, JDC provided $100,000 of funding to refurbish the homes of 100
professional families. Adults in the selected families fill key societal roles, such as: medical
professionals, school principals, bank clerks, teachers and police officers. The balance of funds
after program completion were reallocated to refurbish the Sarvodaya's Women's M ovement
dormitory, which is used frequently to provide training for the project managers and leaders of
the Women's Livelihood & Economic Empowerment program.

Sustainable Livelihood Development

A program has been initiated with a grant of $50,000 with an organization called Consortium of
Humanitarian A gencies (CHA), an organization consisting of a federation of INGOs and NGOs.
The program is targeting families to receive sustainable means of livelihood, and enabling
community economic development. The program aims to achieve sustainable livelihood for
investors (there is a focus on people becoming “investors”, not “beneficiaries”), actors, and
interested organizations. The CHA granted $50,000 for coordination of activities and toward
assisting member organizations in facilitating and networking with other agencies working in the
humanitarian sector. This has stabilized and strengthened the member organizations which are
now actively working together and sharing information.

A grant of $100,000 was provided to The Shilpa Trust, a local NGO for developing five villages
in Hambantota district to provide technical assistance and support to restoration of agricultural
tanks (Lakes). These tanks will provide water for drinking and maintaining thriving village
agriculture for the struggling communities in the dry zone area.

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AMERICAN RED CROSS
U.S . Contact
Eric Porterfield
Senior Press Officer – M iddle East and
Asia
2025 E Street, NW
Washington, DC 20006
tel: 202.303.4194
porterfielde@usa.redcross.org

Field Contact
Kelly Bauer
Information & Reporting Delegate
62 Green Path
Colombo 3, Sri Lanka
tel: +94.77.357.6418
kbauer@amcrossasia.org
Photo by Hana Haller Crowe. Courtesy of American Red Cross.
American Red Cross

The American Red Cross works with the global network of Red Cross and Red Crescent
Societies to restore hope and dignity to the world’s vulnerable people by helping them prepare
for, prevent, and respond to disasters, humanitarian emergencies and life-threatening health
conditions. In its efforts to assist people around the world, the American Red Cross strives to
deliver effective, high-impact and quality programs that alleviate human suffering while
developing the capacities of vulnerable people.

American Red Cross in S ri Lanka

The goals of the American Red Cross are to increase access to safe water and sanitation systems,
to improve hygiene and to respond to the critical care and chronic health needs of vulnerable
people, all while building community capacity to provide health services. The American Red
Cross seeks to enhance individual and community psychosocial well-being with its psychosocial
support programs, to provide tsunami-affected people with safe and adequate shelter and
economic opportunities and to enhance the capacity of communities and local Red Cross and
Red Crescent National Societies to prepare for and respond to these disasters.

The American Red Cross Tsunami Recovery Program envisions an enduring recovery for
tsunami-affected people who will be prepared for future disasters. Communities will enjoy
rebuilt physical infrastructure, restored social networks, quality health services and vibrant
economies. The mission of the American Red Cross Tsunami Recovery Program in Sri Lanka is
to build on the strengths of communities, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent
M ovement and other partners to restore and improve the lives of tsunami-affected people.

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The American Red Cross efforts will focus on transferring capacity to the Sri Lanka Red Cross
Society to strengthen its ability to implement relief and development programs in the long-term.
In program areas, such as housing and livelihoods, within which the American Red Cross does
not have significant internal capacity or longer-term strategic interest, the American Red Cross
will work closely with capable partners to monitor program implementation, guide the overall
direction of work and ensure that proper stewardship of funds is observed. TRP programming in
Sri Lanka is estimated to continue through June 2010. Programming that is currently underway
includes the following:

Disaster and Emergency Relief

The American Red Cross will work with SLRCS and local governments in approximately 200
communities and 200 schools of Galle, Gampaha, Kalutara, Colombo and M atara to help better
prepare for and respond to disasters. In collaboration with the SLRCS and the ICRC, the
American Red Cross is implementing a Restoring Family Links (also known as tracing) capacity
building project throughout Sri Lanka. This service restores family links when family members
are separated by international and internal armed conflict, natural disasters and humanitarian
emergencies.

In its commitment to responding to small-scale disasters that arise in tsunami-affected areas, the
American Red Cross has
developed a “Quick Action
Fund” in Sri Lanka to be used
in times when an immediate
response is required. In the
past it has been used to
respond to floods in
Gampaha, address water and
sanitation issues in Galle and
address immediate needs in
the east through efforts with
the German Red Cross and
M ercy Corps respectively. To
date, Quick Action Fund
projects have met the
immediate needs of more
than 28,000 Sri Lankans.
Photo by Hana Haller Crowe, courtesy of American Red Cross
Health Care

Psychosocial support programs are underway in more than 100 schools and communities across
6 districts: Galle, M atara, Hambantota, Kalutara, Colombo and Gampaha. This program has
already reached more than 150,000 people since its emergency phase. The program has
sponsored more than 880 community activities, has trained approximately 2,000 community
volunteers and has distributed more than 70,000 school kits and first aid kits. In addition,
thousands of pre-service teachers at all 17 National Colleges of Education have been trained
nationwide.

18
Plans are currently underway for community-based health programming in the South and West
districts of Sri Lanka.

Internally Displaced Persons

The American Red Cross is funding the International Organization for M igration (IOM ) to
maintain transitional shelters and provide adequate water and sanitation in temporary shelter
camps for approximately 44,000 people in the districts of Gampaha, M atara, Trincomalee,
Batticaloa, Ampara, Kalutara, Galle, and Colombo. The American Red Cross is providing cash
grants and technical assistance for an owner-driven housing project in Kalutara and Ampara. The
project will reach approximately 10,000 people. In addition, the American Red Cross is working
in partnership with the Swiss Red Cross on an owner-driven housing project in Trincomalee to
build 500 homes to reach a combined 2,500 people. The American Red Cross is funding efforts
of the International Federation’s donor-driven housing project, estimated to impact nearly 200
people.

Livelihoods

The American Red Cross is providing funding for M ercy Corps to support community-designed
and implemented projects that will help generate income for approximately 38,000 people in 27
villages across Hambantota, Batticaloa, Ampara, and Trincomalee districts. The program is also
helping to revitalize local economic activities through the provision of approximately 50
livelihood sub-grants. Additional livelihood programs are currently under development,
including a project to assist the poorest 10% of tsunami-affected people in Trincomalee,
Batticaloa, and Ampara with grants and income-generating activities in partnership with Save the
Children.

Water and S anitation

In M atara and Galle districts, approximately 20,665 people will benefit from efforts with the Sri
Lankan Red Cross Society (SLRCS) to rehabilitate and construct new wells, install new toilets
and disseminate proper hygiene information. To improve the health of approximately 9,275
school children, water, sanitation and drainage facilities will be provided in 20 schools built by
Rotary International. In M atara, more than 26,400 people will have homes with dependable,
clean water and modern sanitation facilities. Similar projects will benefit approximately 85,500
people in Galle, where water and sanitation activities will cover the entire municipality. Locally-
manufactured ceramic water filters will be provided to approximately 244,000 people in the
Ampara, M atara, Galle, Kalutara and Gampaha districts.

S pecial Concerns

The American Red Cross is greatly concerned by the security issues and ongoing conflict in Sri
Lanka and its effects on the civilian population.

19
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent M ovement reminds the parties to the conflict they
must respect the work of humanitarian agencies and refrain from any acts that might jeopardize
humanitarian staff or activities. The American Red Cross also urges them to take all necessary
measures to ensure that aid workers assisting the civilian population and persons not or no longer
taking part in the hostilities are spared from attack and can move freely and safely.

The American Red Cross will continue with its post-tsunami work in Sri Lanka.

20
AMERICAN REFUGEEE COMMITTEE
U.S . Contact Field Contact
Thi Hoa Pham John Holveck
Regional M anager Country Director
ARC International ARC
430 Oak Grove St, Suite 204 176/26 Lower Road, Orr's Hill
M inneapolis, MN Trincomalee
tel: 612.872.7060 Sri Lanka
Hoap@archq.org tel: 026.222.2289
Johnh@archq.org

American Refugee Committee

The American Refugee Committee works with refugees, displaced people and those at risk to
help them survive crises and rebuild lives of dignity, health, security and self-sufficiency.

American Refugee Committee in S ri Lanka

The American Refugee Committee (ARC) seeks to improve the overall well-being of tsunami-
and conflict-affected populations, including recently displaced and returning IDPs in
Trincomalee District. It is involved in the sectors of health related programming, livelihood
development activities, agricultural capacity-building, infrastructure rehabilitation, emergency
relief services and assistance. ARC is operating in Trincomalee District in both urban and rural
areas where conflict and natural disaster continue to detrimentally affect the poorest segments of
the population.

ARC began operations in Sri Lanka in January 2005 to provide tsunami relief and reconstruction
assistance in Trincomalee District. ARC came to Sri Lanka with the intention of building a
foundation from which to provide long-term development assistance to conflict-affected
communities throughout the country. ARC continues to strengthen its programming based on the
most pressing needs of the population.

Health Care

Recently, ARC began the construction of one large rural health clinic in Kinniya that will impact
over 5,000 tsunami-affected people from 5 surrounding villages. During the last quarter, ARC
mounted a massive vector control and urban sanitation campaign to combat the outbreak of
Chickengunya Fever. In addition, ARC is examining the potential for reproductive health and
family planning programming.

Livelihood Activities

ARC’s livelihood programming is meant to re-establish self-sufficiency. To this end, ARC has
conducted many business trainings entitled “Start and Improve Your Own Business.” Several of

21
these trainings have been followed by cash grants to existing businesses. In addition, ARC
continues to pioneer inter-agency collaboration around livelihoods in the Trincomalee District.
This includes the first-ever District partnership between FAO, UNDP and an INGO (ARC) to re-
establish sustainable livelihoods through the distribution of tools, fertilizer, seed kits and training
to re-settled farmers. ARC has also supported women-owned business through livelihood
infrastructure support. ARC is using bullock carts to provide transportation to entrepreneurs,
therefore increasing market access. Because of the context of ongoing conflict and displacement,
ARC has initiated a comprehensive assessment to determine the feasibility of continuing
livelihood activities.

ARC continues to collaborate with the Department of Agriculture to build the capacity of
Department staff in micro-irrigation and in the operation and maintenance of the combine
harvester. ARC is supporting the Department’s efforts to promote food security with home
gardening training and crop diversification into pulses and fruit propagation. During the past
quarter, over 250 beneficiaries have received training and supplies to restore and enhance
agriculture production and home gardening techniques. Currently, planning is underway for
additional agriculture projects and capacity building for the Department of Agriculture.

Water and S anitation

ARC is constructing pit latrines and common wells for tsunami affected beneficiaries, as well
complex drainage systems to mitigate flooding during the monsoon. Also, environmental
sanitation projects in several divisions are underway.

S pecial Concerns

Security continues to be a major concern for ARC Sri Lanka. The security situation impacts not
only operational and occupational safety, but remains the principle factor from a programming
perspective as well.

The safety and security of staff remains a primary threat to the success of ARC in Sri Lanka. In
terms of programming, the declining security environment has had a negative impact on both the
quality and quantity of ARC programming. It is crucial to note that ARC has been and remains
operational in only one district of the country.

22
CARE
Field Contact
Nick Osborne
Country Director
nick@care.lk
tel:+94.773.230.659

CARE

CARE has shifted its focus to better understand the root causes of poverty and marginalization
and to engage with duty bearers to fulfill rights. CARE works increasingly at the levels of
institutions and structures to combat global poverty and secure the rights of people. Hence,
building the capacities of beneficiary communities and promoting networking and good
governance both within state and NGOs has become an integral part of CARE’s strategy.

CARE in S ri Lanka

In its current Long Range Strategic Plan (2007-2011) CARE International in Sri Lanka identifies
the need to challenge and transform power in all its manifestations in order to ensure peace and
social justice through meaningful engagement in strategic partnerships.

Community Development

Located in the Central Province, the Plantation Community Development Project (PCDP) is an
ambitious one-year initiative designed to assist estate residents to improve their gender relations
and conflict resolution skills to improve their quality of life. The project will work through a
collective group mechanism called Community Development Forums (CDF) to be set up and
nurtured in each project estate with the representation of all estate CBOs. This is a pilot
initiative, and will be a learning process. Future expansion and replication of the project will
incorporate lessons learned and best practices.

The Assistance for Tea Estate Residents Through Enhancing and Advancing CBOs (AFTER-
TEA) project is the second phase of the Tea Estate Assistant (TEA) project, which was
implemented in 15 tea estates in Nuwara Eliya and Badulla Districts from M ay 2003 – M ay
2006. With the goal “Strengthen the social security system within the tea estate, residents to
utilise public services,” the AFTER-TEA project aims to strengthen the social security network
of estate residents, enabling them to better utilise public services, which do not reach the
segregated estates. By doing so, the project will improve the social, political, economical and
spiritual lives of the targeted population.

AFTER-TEA will strengthen communication between estate resident organizations and estate
management, strengthen the administrative skills of CBOs and construct an estate
communication system. Information centres for resident organizations and management,
administrative bodies and other NGOs will make up the communication system. These activities
will enable citizens and CBOs to provide public services and information to residents.

23
Capacity Building in the East (CAB-E II) is a project that focuses on improving access to
financial services to ensure the economic security of poor households and enhance the capacity
of CBOs to manage and access financial resources. Sustainability, social and economic
empowerment of women and societies are guiding principles. An included aspect of the program
is the release of child soldiers and their reintegration into their communities.

Uprooted People’s Water and Sanitation, Agriculture and Resources Development Project
(UPWARD) aims to to ensure that uprooted people in Anuradhapura, Vavuniya, Killinochchi,
M ullaitivu and Trincomalee in the North Central, Northern and Eastern Provinces are
successfully reintegrated, their livelihoods and human rights secured. Approximately 47,250
people in 9,450 households, among them many female-headed households, are expected to
directly benefit from the project. The support for the institutional development of CBOs will
empower whole communities so that all communities in the Divisional Secretariate Divisions
(DSD) will indirectly benefit from the project. Hardware assistance to increase access to safe
water and sanitation facilities and support for income generation activities are an integral part of
the recognition of the multidimensional nature of reintegration. These physical measures will be
coupled with implementation of peace-building and reconciliation initiatives to set the bases for
long-term peaceful development.

The Community Action for Development (CAD) program focuses on rebuilding and
empowering civil society to actively engage in local development initiatives. It is envisaged that
by the end of the project these villages will have community organizations (CBOs) that are
functional, democratic and accountable to their members and civil society. Villages should be
managing local development initiatives (focusing on agriculture, fisheries, microfinance and
health) and accessing the services from different service providing institutions. The project will
target the most vulnerable groups in the community, which include those dependent upon day
labor and government food rations, farmer families, single parent households and youths with
disrupted education. The CAD program is run in conjunction with the Silent Tsunami and
UPWARD programs, described below.

Disaster and Emergency Relief

CARE’s long-term rehabilitation and reconstruction efforts are guided by the need to ensure an
integrated response in each of the areas where it works. The goal of CARE’s rehabilitation
strategy, termed the Post-Tsunami Recovery and Development Programme (PTRDP) is to
achieve higher and more sustainable levels of development and livelihood security than existed
prior to the tsunami. CARE’s approach highlights the importance of insuring equity, minimizing
unintended harm, and promoting peace and good governance. Community participation in the
project is highly valued.

CARE has been highly active in the North, North Central, and East provinces in past two years
by building houses, providing safe water and sanitation facilities and by restarting livelihood
activities. Out of CARE’s current commitment to build 1,809 houses, 716 houses will have been
completed by the end of the year, a further 732 will be under construction. In CARE’s livelihood
recapitalization program, boats, nets and other fishing gear have been distributed. CARE has also

24
supported small income generating activities such as shops, sewing machines, poultry and other
similar activities - targeting vulnerable groups, especially women-headed households. In
addition, CARE has also provided families engaged in agricultural activities with cash grants,
seeds and tools to restart production.

The Community Preparedness for Emergency Programme (SUPPORT) builds the capacity of
communities, enabling them to cope with a range of potential emergencies. The project focuses
disaster preparedness and planning.

Gender Issues and Women in Development

The project is involved in training and awareness-building of CBOs and other stakeholders
regarding gender-based violence case management, women’s action groups in the welfare
centres, research and campaigns against gender-based violence.

Human Rights, Peace and Conflict Resolution

The purpose of Transition to Reconciliation (T2R) is to enhance CARE's peacebuilding
capacities in order to ensure that its efforts are sustainable by ensuring a long-term programmatic
and financial foundation for reconciliation. One of its key strategies is to strengthen the capacity
of CARE's staff and its partners through trainings on Do No Harm while also strengthening
CARE's conflict sensitivity. The T2R project also aims to strengthen ways in which project staff
will understand their operational contexts. They will better understand how to mitigate the
negative and increase the positive impacts of their projects. At the same time, research and the
strengthening of documentation processes is also included.

Internally Displaced Persons

The "Silent Tsunami" project aims to address significant unmet needs of shelter and livelihoods
for internally displaced people in the districts of Killinochchi, M ullaitivu and Trincomalee the
Northern and Eastern Provinces of Sri Lanka, which have been affected both by the tsunami and
conflict. The project will support 1200 households by providing permanent shelter and water
sanitation facilities. It will also promote the access of displaced and returning communities to
productive assets and livelihood and employment opportunities. By doing so CARE hopes to
improve and sustain the livelihoods of the IDP returnees and resettling groups, tsunami-affected
local communities and impoverished and marginalized groups of local host communities.

Livelihood Activities, Business Development and Credit

The project “Promoting Sustainable Livelihoods In Post Tsunami Sri Lanka” in the South and
Uva provinces has been designed to address an array of post-tsunami recovery and development
issues over 5 years. The project targets communities numbering approximately 12,000
households in almost 120 villages in the Hambantota District. The residents of these
communities are living in extreme poverty and have been directly and indirectly affected by the
tsunami.

25
The first phase of the project will target families that have been directly affected by the tsunami.
These communities will be supported throughout the entire five-year project period. In the
second phase, the project will expand to include adjacent inland households that have been
indirectly affected by the tsunami and who are defined as being socially and economically
vulnerable because of earning less than $30 per month.

The project will assist the targeted population by improving the living conditions of poor
communities. It will improve the economic and social positions of communities with special
attention to women and youth. The program will increase participation, coordination and
accountability at all levels of government and civil society in the district.

Located in the North, North Central, and East provinces, the Local Initiatives for Tomorrow
(LIFT) project takes an integrated approach to help communities in conflict-affected areas meet
their basic human needs and rights. It targets vulnerable communities, provides an integrated
range of support to those communities and strengthens the social and economic coping
mechanisms of those populations affected by the conflict in Sri Lanka. The main components of
the project involve activities revolving around food production, infrastructure rehabilitation,
savings and credit, income generation, research, monitoring, evaluation and project management.

26
CHRISTIAN CHILDRENS FUND

U.S . Contact Field Contact
Ellie Whinnery Gamini Pinnalawatta
Global Communications M anager National Director
2821 Emerywood Parkway CCF-Sri Lanka, #147, Suvisudharama Road,
Richmond, VA 23294-3725 USA Colombo 06, Sri Lanka
elwhinnery@ccfusa.org tel: 0094.11.258.7608
tel: 804.756.8987
Ganga Jasenthuliyana
www.christianchildrensfund.org Grants Coordinator
ganga@ccfsrilanka.org
tel: 0094.11.4962420; 077.311.8101

Christian Children’s Fund

CCF is an international child development organization that works for the survival, development
and protection of children without regard to gender, race, creed or religious affiliation. CCF
programs incorporate health, education, nutrition and livelihood interventions that protect,
nurture and develop children. CCF works in environments where poverty, conflict and disaster
threaten the well-being of children.

Since 1938, CCF has received most of its funding from individual contributors in the form of
monthly child sponsorships. In addition, CCF receives grants from UN Agencies, the U.S.
government, host country governments, ChildFund International members, other NGOs,
foundations and corporations.

Christian Children’s Fund in S ri Lanka

A memorandum of understanding between CCF and the Government of Sri Lanka forms the
basis of CCF’s work in the country. CCF-Sri Lanka is registered as an NGO with the Department
of Social Services and as a voluntary social service organization with the National Secretariat for
Non Government Organizations in the M inistry of Social Services.

The mission of CCF for the years 2007-2010 is to strengthen the holistic development of Sri
Lanka’s vulnerable children by empowering communities and actively engaging stakeholders in
the design and management of child-centered programs. CCF has operated in Sri Lanka since
1985 and has worked for the well-being of children by supporting locally led initiatives that
strengthen families and communities, helping them overcome poverty and protecting the rights
of their children through its sponsorship program. Today CCF supports tsunami-affected
families in Galle, M atara, Hambantota, Ampara and Trincomalee and has expanded services to
the internally displaced persons due to conflict in the north and east.

Child Protection

27
In July 2005, CCF received support from the Taiwan Fund for Children and Families to continue
programs of protection and psychosocial support in Sri Lanka. The project reaches more than
6,500 vulnerable children and youth from 33 communities in Ampara, M atara and Galle districts
who were affected by the tsunami. Program participants are comprised of 2,500 directly affected
children, 4,000 indirectly affected children and youth and 3,300 community members and other
stakeholders. This community-based child protection program supports children and young
people at different developmental stages through early childhood, after school and youth
programs. To ensure protection, the program also works with families, communities and
government stakeholders. In order to make its support more holistic, the program assists with
water and sanitation projects such as toilet construction and water supply improvement, a
comprehensive health promotion program and the renovation of libraries and schools.

These children have access to psychosocial support services to promote normalization, healing
and recovery. Communities are also trained to monitor and address protection issues and make
referrals to community and district level child protection and psychosocial support networks.

1,000 children are covered by the “Tangalle Taiwan dedicated children’s program and
Hambantota children’s program,” which was initiated in the Hambantota District to support
children and families affected by the tsunami. The program is designed to operate with
community participation and is a further step beyond CCF’s ordinary sponsorship features by
integrating child protection activities.

A UNICEF-funded project was designed to introduce current best practices models targeting
unaccompanied minors, separated children, and children who have lost one or both parents in the
tsunami. Working with the Government of Sri Lanka, the project combines the efforts of Child
Rights Promotion Officers, Probation Officers and various CBOs to strengthen capacity and
establish a strong network of child protection services. Through training, mentoring, income
generation, vocational training and other methods, the project strives to assist single parents and
family members to care for children in difficult situations.

The project also aims to expand the capacity of Sri Lankan CBOs, CCF Child Well-Being
Committees and indigenous community institutions and groups to establish local networks that
can support single parents, extended family and unrelated caregivers.

Internally Displaced Persons

CCF has established Child Centered Spaces (CCS) to promote emergency non-formal education
and psychosocial support to tsunami survivors and conflict-affected populations. Existing Child
Well-being Committees (CWBCs) that serve as a community-based protective body are
monitoring and acting as a first response mechanism for child protection issues and risks. The
CWBC community members collaboratively lead the process of identifying, planning and
monitoring community initiated projects, which respond to child protection issues these
communities face.

Through these well-established programs, CCF has been successful in transitioning its ongoing
CCS and CWBC activities to respond to the needs of internally displaced children. The CWBCs

28
have been effective in monitoring the increasing number of child protection issues that have
surfaced during IDP movements and collectively organizing a community response. In
cooperation with UNICEF, CCF has been serving as a key focal agency for Child Protection and
Psychosocial Support in Trincomalee District, as well as lead agency for the inter-agency child
protection coordination in the sub-district of Muthur. CCF is currently co-leading a volunteer
Training of Trainers program (in collaboration with Handicap International and Save the
Children) in Trincomalee District with oversight from UNICEF. CCF engaged in implementing
a participatory advocacy project in eight communities in Trincomalee and four communities in
Batticaloa District, which covers both tsunami and conflict-affected populations and
communities. The project focuses on developing the skills and capacity of children to raise their
voice, advocate for their own rights and ensure that children and youth’s voices are an integral
part of the development, recovery and rehabilitation process.

CCF has been working in 12 IDP camps in the Batticaloa District, establishing Child Centered
Spaces and setting-up Child-Well Being Committees. Through these community based
protection structures, CCF has provided conflict-affected children with access to non-formal
emergency education, normalization, healing and recovery activities. CCF has provided training
for community members, including youth, as activity leaders and responded to the needs of IDP
children and parents through the provision of hygiene kits and nutritional items.

There are eight regular CCSs operating at present in Town and Gravets, Kinnniya and M uthur.
The projects covered a total number of indirect beneficiaries of 451,280 in Galle, M atara,
Hambantota, Trincomalee and Batticaloa districts.

In tandem with the Children’s Charter of the United Nations (CRC), supplemented by the Plan of
Action for the Child in Sri Lanka, the CCF is taking the lead in a program that traces, reunifies
and plans for unaccompanied minors, separated children and children who have lost one or both
parents. The program helps to support and enhance other programs including Child Well-Being
Committees, indigenous community institutions and single-parent households.

Livelihood Activites, Business Development and Credit

The CCF-Sri Lanka M icro-Enterprise Development (M ED) program started in Kegalle District
and Nuwara Eliya District. M ED activities were encouraged in the areas of services, agriculture,
production, animal husbandry and retail trade. Project participants have reaped greater
entrepreneurship skills, links to markets and access to credit facilities. CCF-Sri Lanka M ED unit
is now operating programs in five districts: Kegalle, Nuwara Eliya, Trincomalee, Ampara, Galle,
M onaragala and Hambantota. As of April 2007, the outstanding loan portfolio is Sri Lankan Rs.
60,385,431.34 (approx. Rs. 544,552.54) with 10,443 clients.

Water and S anitation

Through UNICEF grants, CCF-Sri Lanka is carrying on Child Friendly Schools Water Sanitation
and Hygiene Education in Ampara with toilet blocks for boys, girls and teachers in 17 schools.
In Batticaloa, CCF is delivering hygiene education to 70 schools.

29
Through the Taiwan Fund for Children and Families, CCF-Sri Lanka was able to continue
building a community centre and dig a community well and renovate the M odaragama Perimeter
fence in Hambantota. CCF has also been able to construct community toilets at the Kalmunai bus
stand, Ampara, Hambantota and two playfields in Tangalle and Hambantota.

A new water, sanitation and hygiene education program also started in Hambantota District in 19
schools with ChildFund International member Un Enfant pour la Main in France, providing
support to reconstruct a new library in Hambantota Town. A new project, funded by ChildFund
Germany in Hambantota, is supporting 35 schools in ensuring that students gain access to child-
friendly water facilities and improved key hygiene practices.

CCF-Sri Lanka provided 300 Rain Water Harvesting Tanks in Hambantota District, which was
supported by Child Fund New Zealand, strengthening its capacity for additional water projects.
A new water, sanitation and hygiene education program also began in Hambantota District in 23
schools with the support of ChildFund International member Un Enfant pour la Main (France).
Through the implementation of this project, a total of 13,126 primary school students and 285
teachers gained access to child friendly water and sanitation facilities at schools and improved
their hygiene practices. They are now using active learning methodologies in the development
of hygienic practices among their students.

S pecial concerns

Security issues in the Eastern Province, including roadblocks, checks points, occasional strikes
and increased activity by armed groups has resulted in a climate of general fear and distrust. In
Batticaloa, the presence of various armed groups makes the security situation particularly
volatile. There is an increased security presence with increased visibility in Trincomalee in
particular. Within this context, child protection issues are more pronounced and programs are
frequently disturbed, suspended or disrupted. Access to communities that were formerly LTTE
controlled, requires special clearance and is irregular. There is fear to travel from the Eastern
districts to Colombo and vice versa. The killing of aid workers is a main factor contributing to
this fear.

M aintaining positive relationships with local and national authorities is essential to ensure access
to communities and support for programs.

30
CHRISTIAN REFORMED WORLD RELIEF COMMITTEE
U.S . Contact
Grace Wiebe
CRWRC - International Relief
Tsunami Relief Project M anager,
Burlington, Ontario, Canada
tel: 905.336.2920 ext 238
1.800.730.3490
wiebeg@crcna.ca

Field Contact
CRWRC Office – Columbo
P.O. Box 130
22/5 Station Road,
Dehiwala, Sri Lanka.

CRWRC Batticaloa Office
65 Lake Road, Photos courtesy of CRWRC
Batticaloa, Sri Lanka

www.crwrc.org

Christian Reformed World Relief Committee

CRWRC’s mission is to engage God’s people in redeeming resources and developing gifts in
collaborative activities of love, mercy, justice and compassion.

Christian Reformed World Relief Committee in S ri Lanka

CRWRC is providing much-needed assistance to beneficiaries who were impacted by the
tsunami as indicated by the Sri Lanka municipal government. Registered by the government,
tsunami-affected people received building grants of $2,500. However, these people have been
assessed as being unable to establish themselves in minimally required rehabilitated permanent
shelters without assistance because of poverty and lack of livelihood restoration.

The CRWRC aims to improve the physical security, health and well-being of tsunami-affected
people. Currently the CRWRC provides rehabilitation of sustainable livelihoods and assists
homeowners in the reconstruction of their homes, helping to ensure the quality of these homes by
meeting the minimum government requirement of 500 square feet. The CRWRC has aided in the
construction of permanent dwellings and expects to have completed the construction of up to 750
five hundred square foot homes by the end of 2007. These new buildings will replace homes that
were destroyed by the tsunami by over 60%. The budget for reconstruction of shelter and
rehabilitation of livelihood is $3,021,000. At 750 households, the average cost of a new home is
$4,028, with 3,140 targeted beneficiaries. As of M ay 2007, 225 of these homes were completed,

31
with an additional 150 expected through June 2007. CRWRC expects that 155 additional homes
will be completed by September 2007, and the last 220 homes should be finished in November
2007. These homes have been and will be constructed in the south in Batticaloa and M annar in
the North. In the south, 36 homes will be built in Boossa will total, 158 homes will be built in
Angulana, Negambo will receive 6 homes, and Hikkaduwa will receive 6 homes. In Batticaloa,
Kurruklmadam will receive 23 homes, 71 homes will be built in M ankadu, 98 in Kurrulmadam,
68 homes will be built in Kaluthavailai and Cheddipalayan will receive 220 homes. In the North
in M annar, 64 homes will be established.

This building process is designed to ensure cooperation between CRWRC, the local government
and the homeowner so that eligible tsunami victims are restored to pre-tsunami housing
conditions. Each of the families have been screened, evaluated and surveyed to ensure
eligibility. An M oU has been established with the District Secretary to ensure government
commitment to provide each homeowner with a grant of Rs.250,000. Each grant recipient has
signed a letter of agreement regarding homeowner responsibilities. CRWRC has established a
matching schedule of payments towards materials and professional labor to each homeowner for
up to $3,500, or on a construction phase completion basis. Each homeowner is being assisted in
the completion of a home that will match or come close to the house plan of 502 square feet
adopted and approved by CRWRC. The total amount of the government assistance grant and the
CRWRC grant will not exceed the $6,000 per typical BOQ for a house built in the region.
CRWRC has provided technical assistance, regular inspections, advice and quality-monitoring.
CRWRC has experienced considerable success with its owner-driven process.

S pecial Concerns

The Sri Lankan government now claims that it does not have the funds for the housing grants as
its assets are frozen until the World Bank has received and approves the required financial report
regarding tsunami finances from RADA .

As CRWRC is still aiming to meet the December deadline for the completion of projects, a new
MOU with the government was designed stating that CRWRC will build 300 sq.ft. completed
houses for 125 beneficiaries, and that it expects the government to submit its $2,500 grant when
funding becomes available, in order for beneficiaries to increase it to 500 sq.ft. CRWRC will still
only pay $3,500 per home, and has found contractors willing to build for this amount.

There has been continued escalation of hostilities between government security forces and the
LTTE, resulting in some difficulty with the procurement and transportation of building materials,
resulting in an increase in costs and difficulty in hiring skilled labor. CRWRC projects are
somewhat behind schedule but remain within budget despite these conditions.

Incidents of bombings, shelling and abductions continue. Of some concern is that many innocent
bystanders are now being affected by incidents of violence. Jaffna remains a concern as reports
from INGOs stationed there report a serious situation, whereas the government is reporting that
there is no crisis in Jaffna. At the last CHA meeting, it was noted, for instance, that there are
only 7 medical doctors working in Jaffna for a population of 500,000 people.

32
The tension due to the conflict continues in the country, especially with the recent addition of
LTTE aircraft and bombing in crowded civilian areas. CRWRC continues to follow and update
its security policy and contact other agencies regarding security issues. As more than two-thirds
of the housing projects are in the Batticaloa region, trips to Batticaloa are increasingly
lengthened with more check stops and rigorous searches, although CRWRC personnel are not
searched to the degree others are. The CRWRC country team leader travels every other week
from the Columbo office to the office in Batticaloa and remains there for 3 days. A shelling
incident involving some international diplomats took place in Batticaloa, close to the CRWRC
office. Staff telephoned the next morning to say that everything was operating as before and that
they were still planning to visit the villages. Staff reported that, except for unusually heavy
shelling all night, things are ‘normal’ in Batticaloa.

CRWRC sent its drivers to a Security Training Course to enhance their activities, behaviors, and
knowledge regarding movement in high risk areas. High frequency radios are now installed and
in use. The vehicles are outfitted with equipment such as aerials. It is good to be able to contact
home base while on the road to Batticaloa and for the team in Batticaloa to contact each other
while in the field.

CRWRC remains hopeful that security conditions will not continue to rise to the point of project
interruption. With offices in Dehiwala and Batticaloa, CRWRC has made an impact in the lives
of many tsunami victims on both the east and southwest coasts of Sri Lanka.

33
CHURCH WORLD SERVICE

U.S . Contact Field Contact
Donna Derr, Director National Christian Council of Sri Lanka;
Emergency Response Program Contact Person: Rev. Jayasiri Peiris.
110 M aryland Ave., NE, Suite 108 Address: 368/6 Bauddhaloka M awatha,
Washington DC 20002 Colombo 7, Sri Lanka
tel: 202.544.2350 tel: 94.112671723
fax: 202.546.6232 fax: 94.11.2671721
Dderr@churchworldservice.org sec@nccsl.org

www.churchworldservice.org

Church World S ervice

Church World Service (CWS), founded in 1946, is the relief, development, and refugee
assistance ministry of 35 Protestant, Orthodox, and Anglican denominations within the United
States. Working in partnership with local organizations in more than 80 countries, CWS supports
sustainable self-help development, meets emergency needs, aids refugees and addresses the root
causes of poverty and powerlessness. CWS provides assistance without regard to race, ethnicity,
religion, political affiliation or gender.

Through support including technical assistance, material aid and cash awards, CWS supports
field offices and indigenous partners with a track record of accountability, integrity and long-
term presence in the countries in which they work.

Church World S ervice in S ri Lanka

Working through local partners, the Church World Service and its member denominations have
responded to needs stemming from the December 2004 tsunami. Recent efforts have provided
relief assistance in areas affected by sectarian violence. Tsunami relief work has been focused in
locations on the north, east and southern coasts. Specific locations include Vanni, M ullaitivu,
Batticaloa, Thirukovil, Ampara, Trinco, M uttur, Galle, M atara, Tangalle, Hambantota, Colombo,
Lakutara, Wattala, and Negambo. CWS has provided disaster relief supplies including food and
water, tents, mats, sheets, mosquito nets, health supplies, kitchen utensils, clothing, and medicine
to 14,000 families.

In support of efforts stemming from sectarian violence, CWS is supporting local partners in the
sectors of livelihood, health and nutrition, education and housing – serving some 13,078
families.

Activities are planned through 2007. A particular focus is assistance in the Jaffna Peninsula,
where there are no regular supply routes by land. The area also faces limited food supplies, high
inflation rates, and no regular means of livelihood for many of its residents.

34
CWS-supported efforts include support of immediate relief assistance with some rehabilitation
components for conflict-affected internally displaced persons (IDPs) and populations in the north
and east of the country. Assistance includes food and non-food items, water and sanitation,
medicines and livelihood support. Implementing churches and organizations in this CWS-
supported ecumenical response include the Jaffna Christian Union, Church of Ceylon - Diocese
of Colombo, the M ethodist Church of Sri Lanka, the Salvation Army, the Young M en’s
Christian Association (YM CA), the Salvation Army and the Jaffna Diocese of the Church of
South India.

35
DIRECT RELIEF INTERNATIONAL

U.S . Contact
Lindsey Pollaczek
Direct Relief International
27 S. La Patera Ln.
Santa Barbara, CA 93117
tel: 805.705.9372
lpollaczek@directrelief.org

Direct Relief International Photo courtesy of Direct Relief International

The mission of Direct Relief International is to improve the health and lives of people affected
by poverty, disaster, and civil unrest. Direct Relief International works to strengthen the
indigenous health efforts of its international partners by providing essential material resources –
medicines, supplies and equipment.

Direct Relief International in S ri Lanka

Direct Relief focuses on strengthening health care and health services by providing critically
needed medicines, supplies, equipment and cash grants to in-country health facilities and
organizations. Following the tsunami, Direct Relief has put resources behind a variety of key
health initiatives. These projects include: building community healthcare centers in isolated or
underserved areas; the reconstruction of physically stronger, more disaster-resistant and larger
medical clinics (often adding accommodations for a trained healthcare provider); the purchase of
medical equipment including emergency, intensive care, OB/G YN, and diagnostic items; the
cleaning and rebuilding of proper wells, toilets, and septic tanks; and the training of local
healthcare providers.

24 shipments of medical material aid, totaling more than $4.47 million in value, have been sent
to Sri Lanka to support medical services provided by public clinics, hospitals, local
organizations, international NGOs and the Sri Lankan M inistry of Health. Donated
pharmaceuticals, medical supplies, nutritional products, and equipment constitute full courses of
medical treatment for over 1,097,853 people. In order to provide comprehensive support, Direct
Relief has also invested over $4.3 million in cash assistance to support health programs,
including mobile medical outreach programs along the affected coastline, procurement of high-

36
tech medical equipment, disease prevention, and clinic and hospital rehabilitation. 135,000
mosquito nets were distributed to the M inistry of Health and local health care organizations to
prevent the spread of malaria.

Following the tsunami, Direct Relief International partnered with over 20 local non-profit
organizations, including the Sri Lankan M inistry of Health, to implement health activities in
Colombo, M oratuwa, Hikkaduwa, Seenigama, Tangalla, Hambantota, Pottuvil, Ampara, Sori
Kalmunai, Nintavur, Batticaloa, Trincomalee, M utur and Jaffna. Direct Relief is entirely
privately funded; the generosity of individuals, organizations, and companies make its work
possible with financial and product contributions.

37
EPISCOPAL RELIEF AND DEVELOPMENT
U.S . Contact Nagulan Nesiah Ayana Davis
Program Associate Communications Office
Episcopal Relief and Development Episcopal Relief and Development
815 Second Avenue 815 Second Avenue
New York, NY 10017 New York, NY 10017
tel: 212.716.6357 tel: 212.716.6113
nnesiah@er-d.org adavis@er-d.org

Episcopal Relief and Development

Episcopal Relief and Development (ERD) provides relief in times of disaster and promotes
sustainable development by identifying and addressing the root causes of suffering. ERD is the
international response arm of the Episcopal Church to human suffering in the world.

Episcopal Relief and Development in S ri Lanka

ERD does not maintain overseas field offices, but works directly with and through partners. In
this case, ERD works in partnership with the Diocese of Colombo of the Church of Ceylon.
Work continues in order to complete the final phase of the tsunami rehabilitation and recovery
program, which includes housing, livelihood recovery and income generation, counseling,
special needs and children’s support and education.

ERD is providing ongoing financial support to both the Diocese of Colombo and the National
Council of Churches of Sri Lanka to assist the refugee program and victims of conflict, including
the provision of shelter, transport and material needs. Previous programs have included a
community development program for plantation workers, a labor emergency project and an
emergency flood-relief project.

Planned programs include an environmental project to mitigate coastal disasters, the
establishment of a center for peace and conflict resolution within the Diocese of Colombo and
integrated community development programs. Program locations have included the districts of
Jaffna, Trincomalee, Vavuniya, Batticaloa, Amparai, Hambantota, M atara, Galle and Colombo.

ERD partners with local organizations on programs related to primary health or food security. In
Sri Lanka, ERD partners include the Church of Ceylon, the National Christian Council of Sri
Lanka and the Centre for Environmental Justice. ERD partnerships work together in the sectors
of livelihood recovery and business development, disaster and emergency relief, education and
training, gender issues/women in development, health care, human rights, peace and conflict
resolution, refugee services and rural development.

ERD programs in Sri Lanka are currently funded through private contributions, mainly from
individuals and churches. The 2005-2006 program budget was approximately $1.1 million, with
a combined total of 18,430 beneficiaries. ERD continues to be concerned with the escalating
political instability in Sri Lanka and the safety and security of its implementing partners.

38
HEART TO HEART INTERNATIONAL
U.S . Contact Field Contact
Jamie Craft Govinda Tidball
Tsunami Program Coordinator, Global Asia Regional Advisor, Global Crisis
Crisis Response Response
Heart to Heart International Heart to Heart International
401 S. Clairborne, Suite 302 tel: +94.776.976.208
Olathe, KS 66062 tidball@gmail.com
tel: 913.764.5200; 913.707.2203
Jamie.Craft@hearttoheart.org www.hearttoheart.org

Heart to Heart International

Heart to Heart International is a global humanitarian organization that inspires, empowers and
mobilizes individuals to serve the needs of the poor in their communities and around the world.
Heart to Heart accomplishes this mission through partnerships that promote health, alleviate
hunger, deliver resources, education and hope, and provide opportunities for meaningful service.

HHI aims to provide essential services and effective aid during each phase of an authorized crisis
response, to provide assistance and training in the areas of health care and education, to fund
projects and partnerships which exemplify HHI’s core competencies, values and mission, to
build the capacity and effectiveness of local organizations and to build proactive partnerships
with international actors to strengthen future regional and/or global responses.

Heart to Heart International in S ri Lanka

HHI is in the process of closing out its efforts in Tangalla this September. New projects and
ongoing humanitarian assistance are in Dehiwela, Ratmalana, M t. Lavinia and Bandaragama.

The majority of the funding HHI receives for its programs in Sri Lanka are from individual
contributors, donors and corporations. The number of beneficiaries that HHI’s current programs
reach are vast, as the organization impacts the lives of all those living in the Mt.
Lavinia/Dehiwela beach slums area, as well as the entire staff of approximately 100 at
Community Concern Society (CCS).

HHI engages in cooperative efforts with the following agencies and organizations: Adventist
Development and Relief Agency (ADRA), Community Concern Society (CCS), World Concern
and United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The US Ambassador to Sri
Lanka is also a partner of HHI.

Disaster and Emergency Relief

The management team of Heart to Heart International approved HHI engagement in Sri Lanka
shortly after the Indian Ocean tsunami in December 2004. Based on an initial three-year

39
commitment to Sri Lanka, HHI is presently engaged in the rebuilding and restoration phases of
its disaster response model.

Education and Training

To enhance its current programs in Sri Lanka, HHI coordinates three volunteer teams of highly
skilled U.S. professionals each year. In addition to direct-service projects, these teams provide
formalized training of local partner staff in requested areas and capacity gaps determined after a
Training Needs Assessment (TNA). One or more requested trainings have been completed in the
following areas: health care, business development and micro-enterprise, youth sports
programming, training for primary and secondary school teachers, psychological development
and stress management. To support HHI’s current program objectives in Sri Lanka, HHI’s Asia
Regional Advisor lives in Colombo and works with headquarters staff to coordinate training and
capacity-building initiatives.

The education staff at CCS has undergone (and continues to undergo) rigorous training in
curriculum building, lesson planning, behavioral situations, thematic units, the Seven
Intelligences, resource utilization, classroom innovation, disciplinary action and human growth
and development. This training has enabled teachers to better handle difficult student situations
arising from challenging living conditions at home and to more effectively teach students with
different learning styles.

Health Care

Current health care programming is run in collaboration with Community Concern Society
(CCS), a Tier 1 HHI partner in Sri Lanka. HHI partners with CCS and supports it in the
capacities outlined below. Because of the training, equipment and supplies the CCS medical staff
has received from HHI, CCS can better and more effectively serve its patients. The nurses have
been trained on how to identify and treat certain wounds and infections and have learned how to
educate patients on proper hygiene practices.

HHI fully funds The Frank Whilsmith M edical Centre (FWM C)/Prema Project, which works
with tsunami-affected communities in Dehiwela, M t. Lavinia and Ratmalana. The Prema Project
is a mobile medical program of FWM C that performs weekly visits to tsunami IDP camps and
services beach slums in the area. In addition to fully funding the medical center, HHI equips the
center with needed supplies and equipment. HHI also works alongside the staff to implement
recent trainings given by HHI volunteer teams.

HHI fully funds an outreach program called the Village Welfare Program. This outreach
program, which caters to families in crises, provides urgent prescriptions for medication and
transportation to hospitals. The Village Welfare program also provides assistance in cases of
domestic violence, asthmatic attacks and severe allergies. HHI is funding the beginning phase of
a Well Woman Clinic. The clinic will offer a holistic healthcare program for registered women.
Also, HHI partially supports one of the nation’s most successful drug rehabilitation centers for
men, known as the Power House.

40
HHI supports the funding of the Garbage Disposal Program that addresses the lack of proper
garbage disposal in the selected project area, which has resulted in numerous health-related
hazards and mosquito-borne illnesses.

Human Rights, Peace and Conflict Resolution

Although HHI has not overtly taken a proactive role in issues relating to peace and conflict
resolution, a staff member of HHI with experience in this area has been given approval to
provide support over the past two years in this area to the humanitarian community at large. This
support has been part of several initiatives spearheaded by the Consortium of Humanitarian
Agencies (CHA), an INGO umbrella agency that has worked consistently to create more space
for humanitarian agencies providing aid in Sri Lanka.

Livelihood Activities, Business Development and Credit

Two Vocational Training Centers (VTCs) have been built in collaboration with Strickland
Construction. The first VTC has been merged with a larger U SAID campus in Tangalla and is
scheduled to open in September 2007. This facility will provide training in fishing, aluminum
fabrication and motorcycle repair and mechanics. The second VTC center or multi-purpose
facility has been completed in Bandaragama and is completing its needs assessment of potential
beneficiaries; programming is scheduled to commence shortly.

S pecial Concerns

The ongoing security situation is a concern to HHI as it decreases the space for humanitarian
action and endangers the lives of innocent civilians. All efforts to end the conflict are
appreciated. Kidnappings and abuses of human rights are to be noted. The deterioration of local
and international press freedom and access is deliberate and serves to escalate the present crisis.
The Government of Sri Lanka itself is posing a major obstacle to service delivery.

41
INTERNATIONAL MEDICAL CORPS

U.S . Contact Field Contact
Tracey Shissler Gareth Price-Jones
Senior Desk Officer, Asia IM C-SRI LANKA
International M edical Corps 15 Greenland Avenue
1313 L St NW Havelock Park,
Suite 220 Colombo 05, Sri Lanka
Washington, DC 20005 Tel: +94.112.258.9971
Cell Phone: +94.77.695.9082

International Medical Corps

To improve the quality of life through health interventions and related activities that build local
capacity in underserved communities worldwide.

International Medical Corps in S ri Lanka

Since its immediate tsunami response, IM C has focused both on improving the government
health care system and establishing community-based health programming. IM C is also
providing mobile medical clinics with emergency primary health care services, including ANC
services and basic health education to IDPs in Trincomalee.

IM C has made mobile primary and mental health clinic services available for more than 73,000
people in Ampara and Batticaloa districts. IM C also constructed four health centers in Ampara
district, where fourteen were destroyed by the tsunami. These facilities serve a combined
population of 100,000 people and focus on maternal and child health care services and referrals
for secondary care. IM C is currently building two additional health centers to serve the area.

IM C built a mental health resource complex that will serve as a static mental health clinic,
informational mental health library and training center for Ampara and Batticaloa districts. In
addition, seven community mental health centers have been established at seven different
primary health care centers, which have provided direct support and treatment to over 250
mental health patients. IM C has also provided mental health services for Hambantota district
through training, capacity-building, and mental health consultations. IM C translated 1,000 copies
of Vikram Patel’s Where There Is No Psychiatrist: A Mental Health Care Manual into the Tamil
language for distribution.

IM C is looking ahead, developing creative, long-term solutions for Sri Lanka. Among other
areas, IM C will focus on strengthening its current mental health and livelihood services and
extending mobile primary health care services for IDPs in conflict areas such as Trincomalee and
Batticaloa.

42
IM C will build on its expertise in health service provision by moving from emergency service
provision to supporting improved service provision and quality by local health services to
930,000 people in Ampara and Trincomalee IM C will utilize its global expertise and develop
national expertise to address unmet needs by changing and improving nutrition knowledge,
attitudes and beliefs among at least 600,000 people. IM C will build on its expertise in mental
health to design and deliver a program supporting the Sri Lankan M oH to deliver effective
community mental health. IM C will be sure to ensure that all projects have a positive impact on
relations between genders, ethnic groups and communities.

IM C programs in Sri Lanka fall into the following sectors: health care, disaster and emergency
relief, education and training, and gender issues and women in development. IM C’s projects are
located in Ampara and Trincomalee, formerly in Batticoloa and Hambentota.

In Trincomalee the program for Emergency M obile Health for Conflict-Affected Populations has
approximately 8,400 direct and 33,600 indirect beneficiaries. The scale of value runs at
€174,187. In Ampara the construction of two village health centers benefits an approximate
13,000 people directly at $251,000. IM C partners with the M oH and the Deputy Director of
Health Services in Hambentota, Batticaloa, Ampara and Trincomalee.

S pecial Concerns

IM C is concerned about access to services given the number of checkpoints beneficiaries are
often subjected to and not permitted to pass through. Concerns also include safety of Tamil staff
as they provide services through mobile clinics in the northeast.

43
INTERNATIONAL RELIEF AND DEVELOPMENT
U.S . Contact Field Contact
International Relief and Development M artijn Hekman
1621 N. Kent Street, Suite 400 No. 7 Jayaratne M awatha
Arlington, VA 22209 Colombo 5
tel: 703.248.0161 tel: 94.11.255.6010
martijn@irdsl.org

International Relief and Development

International Relief and Development’s mission is to reduce the suffering of the world’s most
vulnerable groups and to provide tools and resources needed to increase their self-sufficiency.
IRD accomplishes its mission by implementing targeted, cost-effective relief and development
programs that improve the lives of these vulnerable groups.

International Relief and Development in S ri Lanka

IRD has maintained a presence in Sri Lanka since July 2004 with offices operating in Colombo,
Hambantota, and Batticaloa. IRD has become a leading provider of effective humanitarian
program interventions, and is currently partnered with over 20 local CBOs.

Education

The Hambantota Educational Support Improvement Project (HESIP) aims to improve the
educational performance of school children through school feeding, health and hygiene
awareness and infrastructure repairs in the Hambantota District.

In July 2004, IRD began work in Sri Lanka on the U.S. Department of Agriculture-funded
Hambantota Educational Support Improvement Project (HESIP). Through the HESIP program,
sachets of Ultra-High Temperature (UHT) milk are distributed five days a week to 12,000
children in 46 schools. The project has also accomplished the renovation and rehabilitation of 25
schools with a focus on water and sanitation facilities. Through HESIP, school children are
screened for intestinal parasites; those infected are provided with medicines. HESIP also focuses
on the promotion of improved health and hygiene among students.

This program targets students living in rural areas and strives to enhance their educational
environment for improved learning. The daily distribution of 200 ml sachets of milk improves
the children’s ability to concentrate on their studies, reduces the number of children fainting in
school and provides an incentive for parents to continue to send their children to school during
the harvest season.

Unfortunately, many of the schools lack sufficient water and sanitation facilities or have
crumbling walls and roofs. IRD is working with school staff and community members to
identify the most needed repairs and provide the resources necessary for the renovation and
rehabilitation of identified buildings.

44
Following the tsunami, IRD provided 12,000 school kits and supplies with the support and
donations of M edical Teams International and American schools. IRD is hopeful that this
program makes it possible for more students to remain in school and obtain an education that
will enable them to grow strong and experience an improved quality of life.

Health Care

After the tsunami in 2005, Direct Relief International (DRI) awarded IRD a grant to provide
capacity-building grants to local NGOs for health-related tsunami relief projects. IRD is also
distributing needed medical supplies and equipment to selected local non-governmental
organizations (LNGOs). The program seeks to improve the deteriorating health conditions in the
tsunami-affected communities and to increase access to health and other basic services, minimize
the spread of waterborne diseases and distribute basic supplies to the most affected populations.
IRD assists more than 20 LNGOs in the design and implementation of health interventions. This
program is comprised of intensive training and knowledge transfer mechanisms in order to
ensure sustainable capacity development. IRD provides financial support, supervision and
monitoring to partner organizations. Partner organizations assist more than 200,000
beneficiaries directly and indirectly in Puttalam, Colombo, Galle, M atara, Hambantota,
Batticaloa, Trincomalee, Ampara and Jaffna.

Core health program activities include infrastructure development, health awareness programs
and capacity-building, as mentioned above. IRD’s infrastructure development work in Sri Lanka
includes the construction of latrines, water wells, emergency healthcare centers and the
rehabilitation of toilets, canteens and first aid rooms. Psychosocial programs, awareness
workshops on vector-borne diseases and health awareness programs regarding clean drinking
water and water usage together comprise the Health Awareness Program. In order to most
effectively build the capacity of LNGOs, IRD conducts training workshops for LNGO partners
and distributes office equipment such as computers, printers, scanners, fax machines and flip
charts to facilitate more efficient work. The majority of program activity in this area was
conducted between M arch 2004 and M arch 2007.

Internally Displaced Persons

Between April and July of 2007, IRD will be responsible for the coordination of all relevant
agents to provide safe water. IRD will also be responsible for health, sanitation and hygiene
training programs and will ensure that all IDPs are provided with basic WASH facilities in the
Batticaloa and Ampara Districts. Thus, IRD is conducting trainings for IDPs on practical aspects
related to hygiene, sanitation and the prevention of environmentally linked health conditions
including insect vector-borne diseases. As a part of this project, IRD is designing and
implementing behavior change communication strategies towards effective preventive practices
related to food preparation and consumption, minimum water usage methods and basic hygiene
and hand washing. IRD is also constructing emergency toilets; providing hygiene kits and other
necessary items with hygiene messages and providing emergency services for the collection of
solid waste and disposal and garbage structures.

45
IRD expects that, by the end of the project, 3,500 conflict-affected IDP families will be trained
on proper practices on minimum usage and water-saving methods and will be less prone to
environmentally linked infections. Also, these 3,500 families will have been provided with
emergency toilets and supplies such as hygiene kits. In the end, 17,500 beneficiaries will have
been targeted by the Emergency Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Practices program.

Water and S anitation

Based on an initial needs assessment following the tsunami, World Vision awarded IRD a grant
to implement the Hambantota Water Proejct (HWP) to improve existing water supply and
distribution networks in the districts of Kirinda and Bundala. The Hambantota Water Project was
designed to improve access to potable water through installation of water distribution networks,
rehabilitation of wells and water purification. As part of the program, IRD has installed
distribution networks and pumps, completed water testing, and improved wells throughout the
region. IRD has also built additional water treatment plants and pump houses to expand water
distribution capacity for 65,000 beneficiaries.

IRD is also working with the National Water Supply and Drainage Board to create a 20-year
master plan for water infrastructure development. This will result in an additional 45,000
beneficiaries of access to potable water.

In order to integrate an economical bacteriological disinfection method with IRD’s existing
activities in providing safe drinking water, World Vision Lanka is providing funding for IRD to
carry out the SODIS program. Targeted towards 18,000 people between June 2007 and June
2008, this project will support IRD’s past and present efforts in the area. IRD is currently
implementing a WASH program in Ampara and Batticaloa districts, and the SODIS project
could build upon the WASH project. IRD would like to integrate hygiene and water usage
training sessions with the SODIS project, which will increase the total health standards for the
targeted communities. IRD has developed excellent hygiene awareness training materials in the
Tamil language, developed with the consent of UNICEF, DPDHS, M oH and other government
authorities. Awareness programs, which have been conducted by IRD, have been very successful
in increasing the involvement and participation of local communities.

The SODIS project will integrate an economical bacteriological disinfection method with IRD’s
existing activities to providing safe drinking water to the community. IRD intends to maximize
the benefits of this integrated approach by ensuring that best outputs will be shared with the
community while building the capacity of its local members.

46
LUTHERAN WORLD RELIEF

U.S . Contact
Ms. M aryce Ramsey
Regional Director, Asia and the M iddle East
700 Light St.
Baltimore, M D 21230
tel: 410.230.2809
mramsey@lwr.org

Field Contact
M r. Benil Thavarasa
Country Program M anager, Sri Lanka
410/96 Bullers Road
Colombo 7, Sri Lanka
tel: +94.77.353.7548
Benil_lwr@sltnet.lk

Lutheran World Relief
Lutheran World Relief works with partners
in 35 countries to help people grow food,
improve health, strengthen communities,
end conflict, build livelihoods and recover
from disasters.
Photo Courtesy Direct Relief International

Lutheran World Relief in S ri Lanka

In Sri Lanka, Lutheran World Relief is currently transitioning its programs from tsunami relief to
long-term sustainable development. LWR is currently focusing $591,325 worth of programming
in the sectors of small enterprise development, gender issues, rural development, mental health,
human rights and peace and conflict resolution in the tsunami-affected regions of Sri Lanka.
Security is a special concern of LWR as it works to implement its goals in Sri Lanka.

47
MAP INTERNATIONAL

U.S . Contact
Jack M orse
MAP International
50 Hurt Plaza
Suite 400
Atlanta, GA 30303
tel: 404.880.0540
jmorse@map.org

MAP International Photo Courtesy of Mercy Corps

MAP International is a global relief and development organization that advances the Total
Health of people living in the world’s poorest communities by providing essential medicines,
promoting community health development, and preventing and mitigating disease, disaster and
other health threats.

MAP International in S ri Lanka

MAP International is delivering essential medicines and medical supplies to partner agencies in
Sri Lanka. M AP medicines are being used in both permanent and temporary medical clinics.
MAP International is currently active in the health care and disaster and emergency relief sectors
in Sri Lanka. M AP International annually delivers about $10 million of medicines and medical
supplies (wholesale value) to Sri Lanka. These products benefit about 25 million people each
year.

In order to carry out its work, M AP International engages in cooperative efforts and partnerships
with Children’s Cross Connection International, Children’s Dental Care International, Health
Teams International, International M edical Corps, International Relief Teams, Operation Serving
Children and World Vision.

48
MERCY CORPS
U.S Contact Field Contact
Joanna Walshe Josh DeWald
Senior Program Officer, Country Director
South Asia M ercy Corps Sri Lanka
M ercy Corps 51/1 Gregory’s Road, Colombo 7
1730 Rhode Island Ave, NW tel: +94.11.4740423
Suite 809 fax: 202.268.8352
Washington, DC 20036 USA jdewald@lk.mercycorps.org
tel: 202.463.7383 x120
fax 202.463.7322
jwalshe@dc.mercycorps.org

Mercy Corps

M ercy Corps exists to alleviate suffering,
poverty and oppression by helping people
build secure, productive and just
communities. M ercy Corps works amid
disasters, conflicts, chronic poverty and
instability to unleash the potential of people
who can win against nearly impossible odds.
Since 1979, M ercy Corps has provided $1.3
billion in assistance to people in 100 nations.
Supported by headquarters offices in North
America, Europe and Asia, the agency's
unified global programs employ 3,400 staff
worldwide and reach nearly 14.4 million
people in more than 35 countries.

Mercy Corps in S ri Lanka

M ercy Corps works in Sri Lanka to create
public, private, and social sector
partnerships that promote peaceful
coexistence, economic opportunities,
responsive institutions and access to services
for vulnerable communities. M ercy Corps
works intensively in the areas of community
revitalization, development and economic
opportunities in Sri Lanka. M ercy Corps
also supports emergency relief efforts as the
situation requires and as funding permits. Photo Courtesy of Mercy Corps

49
M ercy Corps Sri Lanka coordinates efforts with the following local, international and
governmental agencies: Uwegewewa Beneficiaries’ Society, Ruhuna Rural Women’s
Organization, Arugam Bay Tourist Association, M ahashakthi Foundation and the Sri Lankan
Red Cross, among many others.

M ercy Corps’ programs in Sri Lanka are located in Hambantota, Ampara, Batticaloa and
Trincomalee districts. To date, M ercy Corps programs in Sri Lanka have been funded by the
following: M ercy Corps private resources, American Red Cross, USAID/OFDA, USAID/OTI/
DAI, Inc., AusAID, DFID, the Scottish Executive, Taiwan ICDF, PepsiCo, JP M organ Chase,
and Oprah’s Angel Network.

M ercy Corps Sri Lanka is currently administering 6 grants with a total value of $8.7 million that
will support at least 100 projects over the next two years.

Community Development

The Eastern Community Rehabilitation Program, funded by AusAID, is targeting 10 conflict-
affected communities in Ampara and Trincomalee districts. Through this project, M ercy Corps
is working to strengthen the capacity of three local NGOs and ten CBOs so that they may
implement 20 infrastructure projects. Ideally, these projects will be completed through
participatory and conflict-sensitive processes that reduce tensions among ethnic and religious
groups. This is supplemented by activities to link communities to each other and to the local
government.

With funding from U SAID’s Office of Transition Initiatives (OTI), provided through
Development Alternatives, Inc. (DAI), M ercy Corps supports community rehabilitation and
development by implementing seven community infrastructure projects among tsunami-affected
communities in the Hambantota District. The project also provides support for establishing
community action groups in each community and assisting these groups and the LNGOs that
support them with training and capacity-building, links to local government and community-
based conflict management. In Trincomalee, M ercy Corps supports community development by
implementing three key economic infrastructure projects in the Kinniya DS division – two fish
markets and one vocational training center. These three projects are implemented in partnership
with the Government of Sri Lanka under the Reconstruction and Development Agency’s
Divisional Livelihoods Development Plans.

A Scottish Executive funded intervention provides support to four community-based livelihood
or infrastructure projects in four communities in the Ampara District, utilizing conflict-sensitive
community mobilization approaches. The second component of this program provides two grants
to local civil society groups to support business associations or public companies in key local
industries in tsunami-affected communities.

Disaster and Emergency Relief

As a result of the conflict, M ercy Corps has been responding to the immediate and transitional
needs of new waves of internally displaced persons. M ercy Corps responded to displacements

50
in Trincomalee and Batticaloa by providing non-food items, improving water and sanitation
systems and implementing cash-for-work projects.
Human Rights, Peace and Conflict Resolution

M ercy Corps’ Civil Society and Conflict M anagement team has provided training and technical
assistance to several UN agencies and INGOs on negotiating with armed actors. This training
provides field workers within these organizations practical tools for dealing with armed actors
around such issues as access to displaced populations and negotiating at checkpoints. M ercy
Corps hopes to provide further training to local NGOs who face similar issues.

Livelihood Activities, Business Development and Credit

This three-year program, funded by American Red Cross and private donations to M ercy Corps,
supports economic recovery and development through livelihoods activities and improved
community action. As part of this project, M ercy Corps is working in 27 tsunami-affected
villages in the Ampara, Hambantota and Batticaloa districts by improving infrastructure to
support economic development, providing grants to business associations and cooperatives and
revitalizing the tourist industry in three locations.

S pecial Concerns

Several of M ercy Corps’ operational areas are affected by the insecurity in the North and East
caused by renewed conflict between the Government of Sri Lanka, the LTTE, and the TM VP.
Post-tsunami agencies (such as M ercy Corps) are experiencing difficulty in obtaining
exemptions from taxes and duties. M arket linkages are eroding in the North and East due to
renewed conflict, making M ercy Corps activities more difficult. Also, suspicions from the media,
government and the public at large towards INGOs are proving to be significant obstacles for
M ercy Corps.

51
OPERATION USA

U.S . Contact
Nimmi Gowrinathan Field Contact
Director, South Asia Programs Naomi Wyles/Goran Bilic
Operation USA No 51-53, Street 352, #502
3617 Hayden Avenue, Suite A Sangkat Beong Keng Kang I
Culver City, CA 90025 Phnom Penh, Cambodia
tel: 310.838.3455 Tel: +855.0.12.981.869
ngowrinathan@opusa.org nwyles@opusa.org; gbilic@opusa.org

Operation US A

The mission of Operation USA is to alleviate the challenges faced by marginalized communities
that are often overlooked in the aftermath of disasters. Operation USA aims to empower these
communities by implementing community-driven solutions that provide systemic and sustainable
results.

Operation US A in S ri Lanka

Operation USA has been implementing programs throughout the island of Sri Lanka since the
1990s, paying specific attention to areas impacted by the ongoing civil war and the tsunami of
December 2004. Operation USA has provided post-disaster and post-conflict emergency relief as
well as longer-term development programs in the Jaffna, Ampara, Batticaloa, Trincomalee,
Galle, and M atara Districts.

Community Development

Located in Kalladi, Trincomalee District, the Kalladi Village Development Program is a disaster
relief and rural development project. The Kalladi Village Development Program will impact the
lives of 967 families with a budget of $700,000. Operation USA has committed to constructing
homes, a health center, a primary school, a pre-school and a community center, primarily relying
on village labor services. The program will also provide 70 fishing boats and nets, back-to-work
and back-to-school packages and a vehicle as a part of the income generation and revolving fund
program.

Disaster and Emergency Relief

Following the December 2004 Tsunami, Operation USA raised awareness amongst local Los
Angeles elementary schools, which chose to sponsor one children’s home in Sri Lanka. Through
bake sales, dance-a-thons, and car washes, eleven schools raised funds sufficient to run each
children’s home for 12 months. This program continues to provide support during the current
political crisis. The children’s homes are run with the support of the NGO VISIONS and with St.

52
John’s Church in the Batticaloa and Trincomalee Districts. Thanks to Operation USA, these
children’s homes shelter between three and five hundred children.

Operation USA has also partnered with Sareeram to provide emergency relief to IDPs in the
Batticaloa District. Sareeram is working to look after the welfare of 284 displaced persons
belonging to 60 displaced families, who have found shelter at Notary M ooththathamby
Vidyalayam(School) situated in Arayampathy. The relief includes supplying morning meals,
sugar, tea leaves, milk powder, milk, dental equipment as well as many other basic necessities
and the construction of 20 tube wells to provide safe drinking water.

Education

In collaboration with local schoolteachers, Operation USA is helping to implement a program
targeted at 90 children between the ages of 3 and 6. Located in Paiyagala in the South, the
M uditha Preschool Program program provides continuous support for weekly English lessons as
well as a monthly healthy school nutrition program. Operation USA supports a preschool teacher
named M s. Champa, who spent her life's savings to purchase land on which to rebuild the
preschool that was completely destroyed in the tsunami. The two-story building opened its doors
to students in M arch 2005. Operation USA has budgeted $20,000 plus $200 a month for two
years for this project.

Operation USA has also partnered with VISIONS to implement an Effective English Teaching
(EET) program, which will build English teaching skills and confidence among rural primary
school teachers in Sri Lanka by introducing teachers to innovative teaching techniques and
resource materials, and empowering them to establish English resource centers in their
communities This initiative is a collaborative effort between public and private sector
educational organizations in Sri Lanka. Visions, Youth League for Sanatana Dharmic Perception
(YLSDP), the National Institute of Education (NIE) and the British Council are all invested in
implementing this project. An initial training in Basic English skills will be held for 63 teachers
from 21 government schools in one zone. Following this initial interaction, the top 30 teachers
will be selected and brought to Colombo every three to four months to undergo 3 one-week
training sessions.

With the return to military hostilities in regions heavily affected by the December 2004 tsunami,
Operation USA has also initiated educational support programs, in collaboration with YGRO.
The program will provide financial support for students to buy books and other school supplies,
sponsor after-school tuition classes, provide specialized coaching in language and numerical
skills, offer seminars on various topics relevant to studies, and provide interest-free bicycle
loans. The program will also include the construction of a study hall and resource center for
students.

Vocational Training

Operation USA is working with local partner YGRO on a vocational program to provide career
services for unemployed youths in the Vavuniya district of Sri Lanka. The program seeks

53
poverty reduction through provision of vocational training and on-the-job training, as well as
securing jobs and self-employment through services and micro-credit.

Operation USA is also working with Sarvodaya to implement a livelihood program for the
internally displaced population in Vaharai.100 widows were identified as beneficiaries, who lost
all of their assets in the war. One high yielding milk cow will be provided to each family as a
basis for income generation.

Psychosocial

Operation USA in collaboration with the IM HO Women’s Forum as well as the Center for
Women's Development in Sri Lanka, to initiate a new campaign to address the growing need for
psychosocial care amongst displaced tsunami and conflict affected populations. This program
will run through the Victory Home in Vettimanai which provides food, shelter, clothing, and
medical support to 176 women and young girls in need of psychosocial assistance.

54
OXFAM AMERICA
U.S . Contact
Elizabeth Stevens
Oxfam America Humanitarian Information Officer
226 Causeway Street
Boston, MA 02114
tel: 617.728.2478

www.oxfamamerica.org/whatwedo/emergencies/asian_floods_2004

Oxfam America

Oxfam America is an international development and relief agency committed to creating lasting
solutions to poverty, hunger, and social injustice. Working with Oxfam affiliates and local
partner organizations, Oxfam America carries out emergency relief operations, development
programs, and campaigns to overcome the political, economic, and social policies that exclude
much of the world’s population from political participation and economic opportunities.

Oxfam America in S ri Lanka

When the armed conflict in Sri Lanka intensified in 2006, many of those affected by the tsunami
in the north and east were again forced from their homes. A portion of Oxfam’s tsunami program
therefore reverted to emergency response: staff and partner organizations are providing food,
relief materials, clean water, and sanitation facilities to camps for those who have been uprooted
by both war and the tsunami and are advocating for the rights of the displaced. Oxfam and
partners continue to construct permanent homes for people who lost theirs to the tsunami
disaster, though the conflict has slowed this process. Elsewhere in the country, Oxfam programs
are now focused on helping the poorest of those affected by the tsunami improve their incomes
and on reducing the risks of future disasters. Since 2005, Oxfam America has been carrying out
field studies with Sri Lankan research institutions on a range of issues, including disaster risk
reduction, how to help coir (coconut fiber) spinners improve their incomes and how best to
deliver aid to communities that are divided by social tensions.

The work described above is being carried out as part of a unified Oxfam International tsunami
program, for which all Oxfam affiliates have pooled their resources into a single fund that is
expected to reach $282 million (Oxfam America contributed $30 million). Close to $64 million
of Oxfam’s overall tsunami fund has so far been spent in Sri Lanka.

55
PRESBYTERIAN DISASTER ASSISTANCE AND HUNGER
PROGRAM
U.S . Contact Field Contact
Pamela Burdine Chenoa Stock
Presbyterian Hunger Program/Presbyterian 10/1 Fonseka Terrace off Havelock Road
Disaster Assistance Colombo 6
Presbyterian Church (USA) Sri Lanka
100 Witherspoon St. chenoas@gmail.com
Louisville, KY 40202-1396 www.pcusa.org/pda
USA
tel: 502.569.5834; 888.728.7228 ext 5839;
502.569.5704
fax: 502.333.7011
php@pcusa.org

Presbyterian Disaster Assistance and Hunger Program in S ri Lanka

After the tsunami in 2004, the Sri Lankan government and NGOs received large amounts of aid
from international organizations to help rebuild the nation. Each sector worked separately,
according to its own projects, without much collaboration in the effort. M any organizations
within Sri Lanka thought of this process as unsustainable for the affected people. In M arch
2005, the Presbyterian Hunger Program and the Presbyterian Disaster Assistance Program
contacted a number of organizations within Sri Lanka to create a Joining Hands Network within
Sri Lanka. Likeminded organizations convened to discuss the present situation after the tsunami,
the major problems of the affected people, how to collaborate as a network and how to approach
the problems and issues of those
affected by the tsunami. Praja
Abhilasha was formed in
November 2005 to mobilize the
people as a network in regards to
human rights, land rights and
livelihoods, women’s rights and
the impact of globalization on all
facets of life. The programs are
focused on tsunami-affected
people as they are in a constant
struggle for general human rights
and the right to land and
property.

Praja Abhilasha is the Sri Lankan
network related to the Joining
Photo courtesy of Presbyterian Disaster and Hunger Assistance Program

56
Hands Against Hunger program of the Presbyterian Church (USA). The focus of this program is
to move beyond short-term responses to disaster, hunger and poverty by addressing their root
causes through community education, advocacy, alternative economic activities, lifestyle
changes and spiritual grounding. After studying and assessing the key issues within a country,
strategies are proposed by the network itself to address these issues, which could be through
hunger education, public policy advocacy, or development assistance. The goal is to promote the
self-sufficiency of poor and marginalized groups and to confront and influence the structures of
exploitation and injustice.

The Praja Abhilasha network works with fishermen, farmers, laborers, women, plantation
workers and IDPs. Working together, eighteen NGOs, grassroots groups, and community groups
make up the network, which is island-wide and holds programs throughout the country.

Training and capacity-building workshops are run by the partnership. The Presbyterian Disaster
Assistance and Presbyterian Hunger Program funds these workshops. The programming budget
for this year is $30,363, and is being distributed amongst eighteen organizations in the network
in support of training programs. These programs include regional workshops, a network
newsletter, an information center, a poster contest and a land rights booklet. The network is a
cooperative effort by definition and includes all local Sri Lankan organizations of all faiths and
ethnic backgrounds.

S pecial Concerns

The current civil war limits the scope of the programs and restricts movement throughout the
country.

57
RELIEF INTERNATIONAL

U.S . Contact Field Contact
John M aris-Senior Vice President of Rajinda Jayasinghe-Acting Country Director
Program Development tel: +94.077.728.1633
1575 Westwood Blvd. Suite 200 20/7 Greenland Lane
Los Angeles, CA 90024 Colombo 5, Sri Lanka
tel: 310.478.1200
www.ri.org

Relief International

Relief International is a humanitarian non-profit agency that provides emergency relief,
rehabilitation, development assistance and program services to vulnerable communities
worldwide. RI is solely dedicated to reducing human suffering and is non-political and non-
sectarian in its mission.

Relief International in S ri Lanka

Relief International arrived in Sri Lanka days after the 2004 tsunami, providing relief in the form
of emergency health supplies, water and sanitation services, food distribution, temporary housing
and schools. As the emergency period dissipated, RI developed long-term programs in the fields
of education and livelihoods. With the reemergence of war, RI has revived its emergency skills
to assess population movement and needs in the east.

Through local partners, RI has taught young people information technology skills through 10-
week computer courses. In 2006, the course had 614 students and continues providing
educational programs with the use of internet to post-tsunami communities. A popular
microfinance project with 2,404 clients teaches underserved women financial literacy and
provides them with loans and skills trainings to help them develop their livelihoods. RI works
alongside UNHCR and UN OCHA to assess the needs of the internally displaced through home
visits, the development of an IDP database and services to IDPs in the Thirukkovil and Pottuvil
Divisions of Ampara District. The majority of RI’s programs are located in Ampara District in
the Eastern Province.

Relief International cooperates at the interagency level at district coordination meetings and in
Colombo at the national level. RI works with a variety of government servants, local NGOs and
community based organizations. One of RI’s significant concerns is the deteriorating security
situation in the country.

58
SALVATION ARMY WORLD SERVICE OFFICE
U.S . Contact Field Contact
Patricia Kiddoo Christopher Needham
The Salvation Army World Service Office The Salvation Army. Sri Lanka Territory
Assistant Executive Director for SAWSO Tsunami Projects M anager
615 Slaters Lane P.O. Box 193 Colombo. Sri Lanka
Alexandria, VA 22313 tel: 091.227.5681; 094.77.340.8861
tel: 703.684.5525; 571.277.8354 christopher_needham@can.salvationarmy.org
fax: 703.302.8670
Patricia_Kiddoo@usn.salvationarmy.org www.salvationarmy.org
Skype: PAKiddoo www.sawso.org

S alvation Army World S ervice Office (S AWSO)

The mission of SAWSO is to support and strengthen The Salvation Army’s efforts to work hand
in hand with communities to improve the health, economic and spiritual conditions of the poor
throughout the world.

S alvation Army World S ervice Office in S ri Lanka

In Sri Lanka, the
general objectives of
SAWSO are to provide
emergency relief
assistance, trauma
support for victims,
ongoing recovery and
development of
damaged community
infrastructure and
capacity building for
individuals and families
impacted by the
tsunami. SAWSO has a
long-term commitment
to foster full recovery
from the disaster
through multi-sectoral
development projects in
Sri Lanka. Photo courtesy of Salvation Army World Service Office

The Salvation Army works with local community members as partners in all development work.
Community acceptance is fundamental to all projects. The identification of community needs

59
and selection of project beneficiaries are important collaborative aspects of SAWSO’s work.
Furthermore, project implementation and monitoring incorporate a great deal of interaction with
local communities. SAWSO receives funds from several donor agencies as well as individuals.
Donors include the American people, corporations and Salvation Army Territories.

Community Development and Reconstruction

SAWSO is running a number of projects in Sri Lanka. In the Galle and Ampara District,
SAWSO is implementing a post-tsunami reconstruction and sustainable livelihoods project. The
Tsunami Recovery Program phase 2, using local contractors, community construction teams and
local Salvation Army staff, has been enacted with funding from Canada and Bermuda Territory,
SAWSO and the Netherlands Territory of the Salvation Army. At a scale of $8,312,596.00, this
project should support 6,500 people. SAWSO supports Sri Lankan citizens who are repairing or
rebuilding damaged and destroyed houses.

SAWSO’s sustainable livelihood assistance includes grants for tsunami-affected large and small
businesses with complementary business training. A typical small-scale business would have five
employees and receive a grant of $1,000.00, while a large-scale business would employ 10 – 20
people and receive a grant of $7,000.00.

In addition, SAWSO provides vocational training programs such as sewing, computer skills,
cooking and electrical works.

Health Care

SAWSO and Blue Cross Blue Shield – M ichigan support the mobile clinic in the three districts
of Galle, Batticaloa and Jaffna. They are giving $500,000 over three years to help support over
5,000 people.

Post-tsunami Psychosocial Support in Colombo, Kalutara, Hikkaduwa, Galle, Batticaloa and
Jaffna supports 9,600 people with $40,000, provided by SAWSO. The program partners with
community facilitators.

S pecial Concerns

Political concerns in the North and East have impeded a larger response in these areas. The
Salvation Army maintains good working relations with local and national authorities.

60
SAVE THE CHILDREN

U.S . Contact Field Contact
Ingrid M ilne Richard M awer,
Regional Operations M anager Save the Children in Sri Lanka
Asia Tsunami Response 69/1 Ward Place
Save the Children USA Colombo 7, Sri Lanka
54 Wilton Road
Westport, CT06883 www.savethechildren.org
tel: 203.221.4096
imilne@savechildren.org

S ave the Children

Save the Children is the leading independent organization creating lasting change for children in
need in the United States and around the world. For 75 years, Save the Children has been helping
children survive and thrive by improving their health, education and economic opportunities and,
in times of acute crisis, mobilizing rapid life-saving assistance to help children recover from the
effects of war, conflict and natural disasters. Save the Children USA is a member of the
International Save the Children Alliance, a global network of 28 independent Save the Children
organizations working to ensure the well-being and protection of children in more than 120
countries.

S ave the Children in S ri Lanka

Save the Children US provided $4,487,583 to Save the Children in Sri Lanka (part of Save the
Children UK) to respond to the needs following the tsunami. These funds were spent to fulfill
the needs of 350,000 citizens of tsunami-affected communities in emergency response in areas
such as shelter, food, health and child protection. The contribution was dedicated to a program
length of five years, and so the remainder of the contribution has transitioned into support for
development programs. Save the Children in Sri Lanka works with 215 local and international
NGO partners and local and national government. Currently, 129,333 children are benefiting
directly from Save the Children’s program activities in Sri Lanka.

S pecial concerns

As the security situation deteriorates, distrust for NGO staff is becoming more apparent. The
situation for aid workers is becoming more dangerous, especially in the North and East.
Furthermore, visa acquisition for international staff is becoming more difficult, and NGOs are
being blamed by the government for the failure to construct homes as promised.

61
UNITED METHODIST COMMITTEE ON RELIEF

U.S . Contact Field Contact
M ichelle Scott Bharat Pathak
475 Riverside Drive, Room 330 No. 27/1 M elbourne Avenue
New York, NY 10115 Colombo 4, Sri Lanka
tel: 212.870.3815 tel: 94.11.550.5550

www.umcor.org

United Methodist Committee on Relief

United M ethodist Committee on Relief (UM COR) responds to natural or human made
disasters—interruptions of such magnitude that it overwhelms a community's ability to recover
on its own. UM COR's mission is to alleviate human suffering with open minds to all religions
and open hearts to all people. UM COR is the humanitarian, non-proselytizing agency of the
United M ethodist Church.

United Methodist Committee on Relief in S ri Lanka

UM COR established its Sri Lanka office in response to the December 2004 South Asia tsunami.
UM COR Sri Lanka works to provide relief and rehabilitation in partnership with the M ethodist
Church of Sri Lanka (M CSL). Operations have been focused on the Trincomalee and Batticaloa
districts in the eastern part of the country.

Sri Lanka was already experiencing the effects of a prolonged civil war before the tsunami, and
in 2006 it experienced a resurgence of conflict. As tensions remain high, UM COR Sri Lanka
realizes the need to address these issues as well as the destruction caused by the tsunami. As a
result, the mission’s current programming is focused on rehabilitating tsunami affected
communities and addressed basic human needs (e.g., shelter, food, water, sanitation, and health)
of conflict affected persons in the northeast. UMCOR Sri Lanka’s operations are also active in
economic recovery, community and social development and local institution building. The core
of all of UM COR’s work is a shared approach to implement programs that encourage
participants to take on ownership and act as project partners.

Agriculture and Food Production

UM COR is supporting the region’s agricultural industry by repairing the small-to- medium-sized
reservoirs that were destroyed in the tsunami. UM COR, with the help of the M CSL, the district
secretaries (government authorities) and the communities, has been repairing these reservoirs,
clearing out drainage and irrigation channels which have been filled with silt. UM COR is also
providing seeds and tools so that communities can once again become self sufficient in food and
sell surpluses at a profit. Other agricultural projects include setting up a nursery so that farmers
can access good quality seedlings with which to plant their harvest and agricultural training
centers where farmers can learn the latest techniques in appropriate agriculture.

62
Business Development, Cooperatives and Credit

The tsunami virtually wiped out the fishing industry in eastern Sri Lanka and destroyed much of
the coastal agricultural industry. UM COR Sri Lanka is working to revive the livelihoods of both
agricultural and fishing communities. By working with local fishing societies, UM COR and
M CSL were able to identify the communities’ priorities and implement appropriate projects such
as clearing potential net destroying debris on the beach and underwater through paid work
programs, providing materials for creating new fishing nets, constructing vadis (beach houses) so
that fishermen have a temporary place to stay, and providing new boats for sea and lagoon
fishing.

Disaster and Emergency Relief
Photo Courtesy Presbyterian Disaster Assistance and Hunger Program
Following the resurgence of
conflict in 2006, UM COR, in
partnership with MCSL, local
government, UN agencies and
other humanitarian aid
organizations, assisted those
fleeing the fighting. They
provided emergency relief to
approximately 100,000 people
who left their homes to stay in
welfare centers or with host
families in the Batticaloa and
Trincomalee districts. This
assistance included providing
food, hygiene supplies, and
clothing; transportation for sick
and disabled persons, and
supporting a field hospital with medical equipment and supplies. When security conditions
improved and these displaced families could voluntarily return home, UM COR assisted them
again with the necessary supplies and provided materials to repair over 2,000 conflict-damaged
homes. UM COR is also managing the "Sub-Grants for Humanitarian Assistance and Relief in
Emergencies (SHARE)" Program, an emergency funding mechanism to enable humanitarian aid
organizations to promptly deliver humanitarian assistance to populations affected by the renewal
of armed conflict since 2006.

Human Rights/Peace/Conflict Resolution

UM COR is working with M CSL and M uslim Aid on religious reconciliation and is supporting
the protection of children, youth and the internally displaced. UM COR is sponsoring grassroots
seminars that bring together representatives of different faiths and communities to agree upon
practical ways of encouraging peace and reconciliation at the national level. An international
peace seminar to be hosted by the MCSL (with organizational, logistic, and financial support
from UM COR Sri Lanka) is planned for early 2008.

63
UM COR has also started a major capacity building project with M CSL which will enhance the
ability of the M CSL to implement relief and development programs without the support of
UM COR thus providing UM COR with an equitable partner to which it can hand over projects in
the future and exit the country.

Rural Reconstruction and Development

UM COR is building over 200 houses identified by M CSL and supported by the Government of
Sri Lanka in the Batticaloa and Trincomalee areas, enabling more than 1,000 vulnerable tsunami
and conflict affected people to have appropriate shelter. UM COR homes are of a consistently
high standard, are earthquake resilient and have gained a reputation with communities and
authorities alike for being of high quality in terms of participatory and vernacular design, owner
participation and construction. Priority is given to assisting the most socio-economically
vulnerable persons, such as single headed households; families with large numbers of children;
households with sick, elderly, or disabled persons; and families that have remained displaced
since the tsunami and are living in welfare centers, temporary shelters, or with friends and
relatives. UM COR is repairing community infrastructure so that families can access clean water,
sanitation, electricity, and improved roads. UM COR Sri Lanka has carried out a variety of small
scale projects that have helped substantially improve thousands of lives, such as constructing
semi-permanent classrooms and water and sanitation facilities for an elementary school in
Batticaloa; development of a playground in Batticaloa for children attending the same
elementary school; rehabilitation of the water supply network in Trincomalee so that families
have access to potable water; and construction of access roads so that fishermen can more easily
get to the sea and farmers can reach their paddy fields.

Since 2005 UM COR Sri Lanka has received funding from such donors as the American Red
Cross, Arbeiter-Samariter-Bund, Solidar, the United M ethodist Committee on Relief of the
General Board of Global M inistries of the United M ethodist Church, the United Nations High
Commissioner for Refugees, and the United States Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance.

The generous support of these donors, totaling more than $15 million has enabled the Sri Lanka
M ission to support the relief and longer term recovery of approximately 100,000 people directly
impacted by the Indian Ocean tsunami and armed conflict in the northeast.

UM COR Sri Lanka works cooperatively with a number of agencies including: Action by
Churches Together, the Consortium of Humanitarian A gencies, the M ethodist Church of Sri
Lanka, M uslim Aid, the Government of Sri Lanka and its ministries, departments and regional
offices.

S pecial Concerns

Security concerns related to armed conflict in the regions where UM COR and its partners are
operating are significant. Security issues have delayed some projects and have displaced some
families receiving assistance.

64
U.S. FUND FOR UNICEF
U.S . Contact Field Contact
Richard Alleyne P.O. Box 143, Colombo, Sri Lanka
tel: 212.686.5522 tel: 94.11.255.5270
ralleyne@unicefusa.org clombo@unicef.org

U.S . Fund for UNIC EF

The U.S. Fund for UNICEF (USF) works for the survival, protection and development of
children worldwide through education, advocacy and fundraising. The USF is one of 37 national
committees that support UNICEF’s mission as well as its emergency relief and long-term efforts
in Sri Lanka.

US F in S ri Lanka

UNICEF, together with its local, national and international partners, addresses the different
needs of the Sri Lankan children as they grow into adults. The program starts from early
childhood and progresses through the learning years to adolescence as each age group has
specific needs that need to be met. This is supported by cross cutting the Water and Sanitation
and the Child Protection Program which covers abuse, exploitation, child recruitment, mine-risk
education and psychological care and support. UNICEF is also instrumental in tsunami response
and recovery. The UNICEF response builds on the pre-tsunami priorities and interventions that
have emerged as critical to an effective recovery from the disaster.

Tsunami Recovery Program

USF is providing funding for Disaster and Emergency relief programs to UNICEF in Sri Lanka.
UNICEF is ensuring the provision of safe drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene, essential
health and nutrition services, the restoration/provision of education, and the protection and
psychosocial support of children and women in affected areas.

Child S urvival and Development

The key objectives of UNICEF’s Early Childhood and Development program are to build the
knowledge and skills of caregivers in appropriate child care practices, improve access and
quality of maternal and child health services, and to support national and sub-national capacity
building to develop and implement health and nutrition programs.

Trainings were conducted for more than 2,000 health service providers and over 6,500
volunteers to promote maternal and child care practices at the family and community level
through home visits, outreach services, and parent groups. UNICEF supported mobile health
services in sites located in Vaharai and Kilinochchi for Internally Displaced Persons (IDP)
serving more than 28,000 IDP who did not have sufficient access to regular health services.

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WORLD CONCERN

U.S . Contact Field Contact
Patty Howell Ian M cinnes
Grants Administrator World Concern Sri Lanka Country M anager
World Concern No. 62-A M uhandiram E.D.
19303 Fremont Ave. N. Dabare M awatha
Seattle, WA 98133 Narahempita,Colombo 05
tel: 206.546.7416 Sri Lanka
pattyh@worldconcern.org tel: +94.0.11.250.8214 / 494.0046
ianmcinnes@wcsrilanka.org
Rhonda M anville
Communications Officer
tel: 206.546.7346
rhondam@worldconcern.org

World Concern

World Concern is a Christian humanitarian organization dedicated to providing life, opportunity,
and hope in the most neglected and impoverished places on earth. World Concern has field
workers and professionals in 18 countries, whose people are under siege by HIV/AIDS, hunger,
natural disasters, oppression, war, and disease.

World Concern in S ri Lanka

In Sri Lanka, World Concern aims to improve the quality of life through increased access to
permanent homes, essential infrastructure, water and sanitation facilities, livelihood support
mechanisms and social care.

In response to the December 26, 2004 tsunami, World Concern has been implementing the
Tsunami Rapid Recovery Project in Sri Lanka, a two-year program that has increased access to
permanent, safe shelter, clean drinking water and safe sanitation facilities, sustainable livelihood
and culturally-affirming bereavement care for 10,000 families (approximately 50,000 people)
affected by the tsunami. The project targeted four severely affected regions to alleviate suffering
and restore hope and opportunity.

Thousands of men, women and children in tsunami-affected communities on the coastal belt of
Sri Lanka continue to suffer physically, emotionally, socially and environmentally. World
Concern’s work is now focusing on increasing disposable income for tsunami-affected
households, providing permanent housing, rebuilding infrastructure (water access, community
road systems, drainage facilities) and organizing community building events to promote the
formation of advocacy groups to improve joint access to government resources.

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World Concern programs fill sectors in disaster and emergency relief, health care (water and
sanitation) and rural development. These programs are located in Trincomalee, Batticaloa,
Ampara and Galle Districts and are funded by the American Red Cross, Canadian International
Development Agency (CIDA), Cooperative Baptist Fellowship, Solidar, Tearfund UK,
Volunteers of America and World Concern general donor constituency. This funding allows
World Concern’s programs to reach 50,736 people, comprising 12,675 families per year at a
dollar value of $3,575,817. World Concern engages in cooperative efforts with other local,
international, or governmental agencies including Tearfund UK, American Red Cross and
Volunteers of America in order to more efficiently implement its projects.

During the last two years, the security environment has deteriorated significantly into a low-level
war context, with an increase in forced business closures and violent attacks (grenades, bomb
explosions, air strikes) related to the on-going civil/ethnic conflict. This has impacted World
Concern’s work by limiting access to the field through repeated office closures or the need to
keep staff in the office and away from field travel. Open field combat struggles occurred in two
of their main program districts and successive bomb attacks (including aerial bombardment) took
place in the capital area of Colombo. Watchfulness and animosity against INGOs in particular
also increased, with additional layers of restrictions and permits put in place by national
authorities. As a result of these conditions, and due in part to the tragic murder of a World
Concern staff member from the Trincomalee District office in September 2006, work was
limited/stopped entirely for an estimated 60 days. The context of insecurity, conflict and anti-
NGO sentiment has affected World Concern’s way of operating at the national and field levels.

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WORLD VISION

U.S . Contact Field Contact
Rachel Wolff Rajkumar Selwyndas
World Vision US Director Programs
P.O. Box 9716, Federal Way, WA 98063 World Vision Lanka
tel: 253.815.2072; 253.394.2214 tel: +94.112691233; +94.777713447
rwolff@worldvision.org rajkumar_selwyndas@wvi.org

www.worldvision.org/press

World Vision

World Vision is a Christian humanitarian organization dedicated to working with children,
families and their communities worldwide to reach their full potential by tackling the causes of
poverty and injustice. World Vision serves all people, regardless of religion, race, ethnicity or
gender. Funding for the current year is approximately $1,400,000 from the US government,
CIDA, DFID, AUSAID, NZAID, Government of Germany, UN agencies, and private sources.

World Vision in S ri Lanka

Resources come from many World Vision offices around the world, so this report includes
information on the combined effort over the past six months, not only the efforts of World
Vision US. World Vision has been operational in Sri Lanka since 1977, and exists as World
Vision Lanka (WVL), a local NGO registered with the government. The primary operational
model is that of area development programs (ADPs), which focus on multi-sectoral, community-
driven development over 12 to 15 year periods within the poorest communities of Sri Lanka. In
addition, WV is implementing 8 tsunami-response projects in 8 administrative districts and 14
humanitarian and emergency response projects in 7 administration districts.

World Vision is continuing its emergency response in many areas of Sri Lanka. Efforts in child
protection, transitional shelters and mobile clinics continue in Jaffna, Kilinochchi, M adhu, and
Batticaloa. Further efforts, such as food distribution are taking place in M ullaitivu and
Trincomalee. Vavuniya also has a mobile medical clinic program. 5,500 are children under
WV’s protection programs, while 10,000 direct beneficiaries and 5,000 caregivers are reached by
WV’s mobile medical clinics. In addition, 7,000 families benefit from water distribution and
more than 7,000 people are recipients of food assistance.

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