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I N T R O D U C T I O N 1

About InterAction
InterAction is the largest alliance of U.S.-based international development and humanitarian nongovernmental organiza-
tions. With 160 members operating in every developing country, we work to overcome poverty, exclusion and suffering by
advancing social justice and basic dignity for all.

InterAction is greater than the sum of its parts, a force multiplier that gives each member the collective power of all members
to speak and act on issues of common concern. InterAction convenes and coordinates its members so in unison they can influence
policy and debate on issues affecting tens of millions of people worldwide and improve their own practices.
Formed in 1984, and based in Washington, D.C. with a staff of 40, InterAction includes members headquartered in twenty-five
states. Both faith-based and secular, these organizations foster economic and social development; provide relief to those affected
by disaster and war; assist refugees and internally displaced persons; advance human rights; support gender equality; protect the
environment; address population concerns; and press for more equitable, just, and effective public policies.
Reflecting both the generosity of the American people and their strong support for international development and humanitarian
assistance, our members receive more than $3 billion in annual contributions from private donors. Neither InterAction nor its
members bear lightly the responsibility of the trust the American people place in us. As such, members ascribe to InterAction’s
Private Voluntary Organization Standards that help assure accountability in the critical areas of financial management, fundrais-
ing, governance, and program performance.

Mission Statement
InterAction exists to enhance the effectiveness and professional capacities of its members engaged in international humani-
tarian efforts. InterAction seeks to foster partnership, collaboration and leadership among its members as they strive to
achieve a world of self-reliance, justice and peace.

To realize this mission, InterAction works to:
• Enhance the identity, autonomy, credibility and diverse perspectives of each member agency.

• Provide a broadly based participatory forum for professional consultation, coordination and concerted action.

• Foster the effectiveness and recognition of the PVO community, both professionally and publicly.

• Set a standard of the highest ethics in carrying out its mission.
2 B O A R D C H A I R M E S S A G E

Moving Forward with Collective Resolve
Dan Pellegrom, Chair, Pathfinder International
2005 marks my last year as Chair of But it was not just in disaster response InterAction rests in the hands of a
the InterAction Board of Directors. For that our members made a unified effort diverse, dynamic, and committed coali-
more than three years, I have had the in 2005. Many of us worked in concert tion that exceeds the sum of its parts.
pleasure to lead a dynamic board and to with global coalitions and captured the We have elevated the discussion of the
work closely with Dr. Akhter and his attention of the world to promote the benefits of effective assistance programs
staff. I look forward to continued eradication of global poverty at the G-8 in the public forum. We have demon-
involvement with InterAction and its in June and UN Millennium Summit in strated our collective commitment and
membership while all of us strive to September. Through the endeavors of dedication; however, we must sustain
ensure that all U.S. foreign assistance grassroots activity, advocacy efforts, and momentum because the work just ahead
reforms benefit the beneficiaries. media outreach, huge gains were of us will require our best thinking as
Last year was a remarkable year. The achieved in the areas of debt relief, for- well as our collective resolve.
unprecedented scale of donations from eign aid, and public awareness. These Our future is full of possibilities and
the public for the tsunami disaster rein- occasions deserve celebration by our will require us to find new ways to reach
forced the fact that, when properly community; they are promising begin- the public, to influence policymakers,
informed, Americans care deeply about nings, but not yet triumphant finishes. and to arouse the media. We will need
humanitarian issues and will respond The three years in which I have served to pay attention to technology and com-
generously. But they are also wise as InterAction’s Board Chair have been munication strategies. We must broaden
enough to want to give their donations marked by extraordinary historical our support base by reaching out to
responsibly. InterAction’s Tsunami events that have made Americans more those beyond our sector. We must be
Accountability Reports and media events keenly aware of their role in the global vigilant in advocating for financial and
provided full financial disclosure of the community. Through recent man-made legislative support, not for ourselves, but
donations and conflicts and natural disasters, humani- for those we serve. I trust we will stand
allowed us to tarian and development issues have up together and speak with a forceful
show the real made an indelible mark on the public voice for a more humane and just world.
impact of consciousness and greatly enhanced the I congratulate Dr. Akhter and his staff
American visibility of our work. for helping to prepare us for an exciting,
generosity. The coming year promises to hold challenging, and rewarding year.
new challenges, including funding short-
falls and the recently proposed USAID
reform. I leave my position as Chair
knowing that the leadership of
P R E S I D E N T A N D C E O M E S S A G E 3

Embracing Change: Expanding Opportunities
Mohammad N. Akhter MD, MPH, President and CEO
As my first year as President and On the home front, our member agen- Avian Flu: In its work with the U.S. gov-
CEO of InterAction comes to a close, I cies responded to the tragedy in the ernment, the World Bank, and the business
continue to marvel at the tremendous wake of Hurricane Katrina in the Gulf community, InterAction is highlighting the
work done by our member agencies region. Using years of experience in critical role of NGOs in the global fight
across the globe, enriching the lives of devastated regions around the globe, we against this looming pandemic.
millions of people. I am truly honored to provided direct relief, financial aid and U.S. Foreign Assistance Budget: For
have the opportunity to work with such a technical advice. the first time in many years, core foreign
diverse group of organizations dedicated Looking to the next year and beyond, assistance accounts such as Child
to promoting the well-being of the we will continue to tell our stories. Survival, Development Assistance, and
world’s poorest. Making the public and policymakers Disaster Relief funds have been signifi-
This past year has presented new chal- aware of our successes, and enlarging cantly reduced. We are mobilizing
lenges to our community. Shifts in the the American public’s understanding of member agencies and our partners to
structure of U.S. foreign aid threaten to the role and importance of effective for- focus on this new challenge.
change the political, social, and econom- eign assistance are key components of Within the past year we have recruited
ic parameters of global development. our strategy. To that end we have begun key staff, developed major initiatives,
InterAction is deeply committed to the process of soliciting member opin- and enhanced our operations.
maintaining and enhancing the essential ions and participation in a strategic My immense gratitude is expressed to
and unique roles of our members in planning process. the Board of Directors for their vote of
this environment. Currently we are engaged in three confidence, their invaluable counsel, and
We have also had some extraordinary key challenges: their continued support. Accomplishing
opportunities to present our work. The USAID Reform: Since Secretary of our ambitious goals rests on the shoul-
G-8 Summit at Gleneagles, Scotland put State Rice’s announcement of foreign ders of InterAction’s
the world’s spotlight on global poverty. aid reforms, we have been working dili- talented and com-
It also highlighted the leadership roles of gently with our members to advocate to mitted staff. My
our members. The devastating tsunami the Bush Administration and the media appreciation is
in Southeast Asia resulted in unprece- on the need for continued U.S. govern- also extended to
dented contributions to our members ment long-term development programs. them for making
who led the way in providing emergency We have published "Principles of my first year stimu-
relief and reconstruction. Essential finan- Foreign Assistance Reforms" and a posi- lating and productive.
cial transparency and organizational tion paper to provide input to the
responsibilities of our members were policy-makers as the process of reform
reinforced by the publication of unfolds over the next several months.
InterAction’s accountability reports.
4 P A K I S T A N E A R T H Q U A K E

I live in the capital city of Muzaffarabad with a population of 200,000, the capital of Pakistan-controlled Kashmir. My city

is the hub of cultural, political, and tourist attraction. It is an eclectic mix of old monuments and new buildings, with stun-

ning views of the Jhelum valley and snowcapped mountains. The residents are friendly and warm. Tourists flock to their

Kashmiri shawls and walnut carvings. In October 8, 2005, a deadly earthquake struck Muzaffarabad and thrust my life

into utter chaos.

Imagine your life, as it is now, with your family intact, a job to go to in the morning, some money in the bank, and a

sense of hope to achieve something tomorrow. Now imagine waking up tomorrow to realize that you are the only family

you’ve got, there is no office to go to, and you are indeed penniless, but worst of all, there’s no hope for tomorrow – the

date is October 9, 2005.

My story is the story of every survivor of the Pakistan earthquake. It is the story of unimaginable physical and emotional

pain, and finding the strength to endure. Millions were left homeless; tens of thousands were killed or injured. We are

tired, hurting and thirsty. There is no water or telephone infrastructure, and the hospitals have also sustained extensive

damage. We are told to hold on, aid will be here soon. They can’t tell us when, because the landslides have blocked the

roads and it will take several days to clear the debris. We are afraid to go into the houses that are still standing for fear

that they may collapse on us. So in our grief and fright we gather in parks and sheltered areas, and we wait …
H U M A N I T A R I A N E F F O R T 5

Humanitarian Policy and Practice
Responding to Humanitarian Crises
As some of the world’s worst humani- Delivered Life-Saving Humanitarian four years to build schools and clinics,
tarian crises struck in 2005, Assistance and Initiated Long- train local personnel, and provide new
Term Recovery Efforts during employment opportunities.
Humanitarian Policy and Practice
International Disasters
Committee (HPPC) members immedi- • Within hours of the October earth-
• Sixty-two members of InterAction’s quake in Pakistan, InterAction
ately responded to save lives, restore
Humanitarian Policy and Practice members delivered life-saving water,
dignity and rebuild shattered commu-
Committee (HPPC), working with food, medicine, clothing, and shelter
nities. The HPPC unit and members local authorities, civil society organi- materials to survivors. Despite diffi-
also worked to shape humanitarian zations, and NGOs from other culties in accessing the mountainous
policy and bolster resources for countries, delivered immediate relief area and the onset of harsh winter
humanitarian relief and peacekeeping. and initiated an early start to recovery weather, sufficient assistance reached
efforts in the nations struck by the vulnerable villagers to forestall a spike
Access to information is greatly The Humanitarian Policy
tsunami on December 26, 2004. in mortality rates.
facilitated, either by the dispatch and Practice Committee pro-
Thanks to their combined efforts, no
of significant wires or through the vides a framework for
“second tsunami” of famine or epi-
invaluable workgroups and invi- consultation, coordination
demic disease swept through the
tations to attend meetings with and advocacy on behalf of
region in 2005. In two detailed reports
key decision-makers. In that people forcibly displaced
to the American public published by
respect, ACF has greatly benefit- or otherwise affected by
InterAction, the $1.8 billion donated
ed from HPPU’s insights in the conflict, natural disasters
by private citizens, firms, and founda-
making of U.S. foreign policy, and oppression.
tions in the United States to
either through updates and out- In 2005, the Humanitarian
InterAction members paid for the
lines of the legislative process, or Policy and Practice unit and
water, food, medicine, and shelter that
through coordinated advocacy its committee members:
preserved the lives of survivors. The
of key programs.
funds also enabled agencies to initiate
Roger Persichino, Head of
Emergency Operations, Action recovery programs for the next two to
Against Hunger USA

InterAction members were one of the very first to arrive on the scene in Pakistan. Within 48 hours humanitarian and relief workers
airlifted tents, emergency first aid supplies, water, food, and provided psychological support. In a coordinated effort of land and air
support U.S. based NGOs helped tens of thousands of people and over 15, 000 families regain a semblance of normalcy by almost
immediately constructing temporary schools, hospitals, and housing.
6 H U M A N I T A R I A N E F F O R T

• In Niger, HPPC agencies were among escalating. A similar scenario played
members of the humanitarian commu- out in several southern Africa coun-
nity sounding the alarm when child tries, where drought put substantial
malnutrition rates soared during the populations at high risk.
pre-harvest “hungry season” in mid- • Despite a deterioration of security con-
2005. Members engaged in ditions in Darfur and Chad as more
development activities shifted armed groups engaged in conflict and
resources to establish emergency feed- pillage, InterAction members working
ing stations throughout the affected in this region helped deliver sufficient
parts of the country. As a result, child food and other vital commodities to
mortality dramatically declined. In internally displaced persons (IDPs)
the Horn of Africa, early warning sys- and refugees to bring down death rates
tems alerted InterAction members and to earlier levels. Advocacy to the Bush
others in the international humanitari- Worked to Protect and Reintegrate
Administration and Congress helped
an community that drought was Former Combatants, Internally
generate support for additional relief
putting at risk over 15 million citizens Displaced Persons and Refugees
and peacekeeping funds to supplement
of Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Djibouti inadequate amounts in the 2006 • HPPC member agencies working on
and Somalia. Working with USAID federal budget. However, the year the reintegration of former combat-
and U.N. agencies as implementing ended without either a breakthrough ants, IDPs, and refugees in Liberia
partners, as well as employing their in the talks to resolve the conflict, were heartened by broad public partic-
own resources, HPPC members were or a United Nations Security Council ipation in elections that brought to
part of an extraordinary assistance resolution authorizing a U.N. peace- power Africa’s first democratically-
campaign that kept death rates from keeping force. elected female chief of state. In
southern Sudan, similar reintegration
programs supported implementation
of the Comprehensive Peace Accord
between the government in Khartoum
and former rebels. Despite their advo-
cacy initiatives, members working in
the Democratic Republic of Congo,
northern Uganda and other “neglected
crises” did not elicit sufficient donor
funding for their humanitarian pro-
grams or vigorous diplomatic activity
to stem the rising death toll, resulting
from unresolved conflicts.
H U M A N I T A R I A N E F F O R T 7

• Committee members focused on con- members of the U.S. armed forces
flict prevention and resolution forged when working in countries where
closer links with offices created at the American military are
USAID and the Department of State engaged in combat and/or
to promote these activities. Advocacy in occupation of a for-
The HPPC’s coordination and initiatives undertaken in the eign territory. While
information sharing efforts on preceding months, together many issues remain on
emerging issues - whether avian with like- minded groups the table, the military
influenza, USAID marking from around the world, agreed to end some prac-
requirements, or U.S. foreign helped gain an endorsement tices that blurred lines
assistance reforms - provide by the U.N. World Summit between military and humanitari-
consistent and valuable support in September of the an activities.
to our work. “responsibility to protect” • Committee staff and members’
George Devendorf, Director of and the creation of a U.N. lawyers worked with representa-
Public Affairs, Mercy Corps
Peacebuilding Commission. tives of forty umbrella
• Years of HPPC members’ advocacy organizations, foundations,
to the humanitarian community to corporations, watchdog
restructure itself to provide greater groups and others to persuade
accountability for assisting and pro- the U.S. Treasury to drop its “vol-
tecting IDPs finally bore fruit in 2005 untary” guidelines on anti-terrorist
as the U.N. introduced a “cluster financing for U.S.-based charities
approach”. This new regime includes and instead accept a set of
the designation of a lead agency for “Principles of International
each form of assistance typically Charity,” developed by the
required by IDPs, in which the lead group. Although Treasury did
agency is also expected to be the not accept the substitution and
provider of last resort. Members that some of the revised guidelines
piloted the approach in Pakistan were issued in late 2005 remain objec-
encouraged by its promise. tionable, the government agency
dropped several provisions that
Advocated to the U.S. government on InterAction members had identified as
Pressing Humanitarian Challenges most undesirable.
• HPPC members launched a senior-
level dialogue with the U.S. military
on how American NGOs will relate to
8 D E V E L O P M E N T

Development Policy and Practice
Strengthening Sustainable Development Policy and Practice
With 2005 dubbed as the “Year for
Development,” the Committee on
Development Policy and Practice
stepped up efforts to play a key role in
influencing U.S. and international poli-
cies to eradicate global poverty and
disease and in improving the effective-
ness of U.S. foreign assistance.
The Development Policy and Practice
Program and its Committee (CDPP)
facilitates dialogue, collaboration and
action at program and policy levels on
priority development concerns of
InterAction members and their counter-
parts in developing countries in including U.S. government initiatives • A subgroup of the HIV/AIDS
reducing poverty. and specifically the State Working Group has followed closely
In 2005, the Committee on Department’s Office of the Global developments surrounding a USAID
Development Policy and Practice unit AIDS Coordinator. The paper, to be directive to agencies receiving funding
and its members: published in early 2006, recommends under the 2003 Leadership Act to
Influenced HIV/AIDS Policy a broader development approach in Combat HIV/AIDS to adopt a written
• The HIV/AIDS Working Group fighting HIV/AIDS that engages the policy opposing prostitution. The
produced a paper reviewing program- social, economic and political sectors CDPP provided a forum for discus-
matic efforts by various actors in and moves beyond the narrow bio- sion for members affected by this
combating the HIV/AIDS pandemic, medical model that has characterized policy. This policy and other direc-
much of HIV/AIDS programming. tives from the Bush administration

A comprehensive recovery and reconstructive process involves a tremendous amount of resources and coordination at the local,
national and international level. InterAction members reached out to and engaged governments and multilateral organizations in
infrastructure reconstruction and effective development interventions in areas damaged by the Pakistan earthquake.
D E V E L O P M E N T 9

have heightened concerns about the taken by contractors compared to and the UK Sherpa team. InterAction
protection of humanitarian space and NGOs, and the proposed reorganiza- also organized international NGO
the freedom to operate without outside tion of USAID, including action to meetings with European, Canadian,
interference. The CDPP will continue close the agency’s private voluntary and Southern allies to coordinate
to monitor this situation closely. cooperation office. national strategies on debt cancella-
tion. By December 2005, a debt
Monitored USAID Management cancellation agreement was on track
Policies and Reform Advocated for Debt Cancellation for the to removing the unsustainable debt of
• The CDPP monitored developments at World’s Poor Countries 18 countries.
USAID against the backdrop of • After a series of consultations with
• InterAction hosted three successful
Yes, we’re building clinics, we’re emerging signs at the end of members and allies, InterAction
information sessions on World Bank
training doctors and nurses and 2005 of major proposed selected debt cancellation for the
issues. A panel discussion was co-
lab technicians. The end game changes and reform in U.S. world’s poorest countries as its advo-
hosted with Jubilee USA and the
here has to be sustainability. We foreign assistance. CDPP’s cacy priority for the World Bank.
Center for Economic and Policy
have to – this can’t be about work on USAID has fol-
• The World Bank / IMF Working Research on financing options for
America doing this forever; it lowed agency policies that
Group developed and implemented an multilateral debt cancellation. The
really needs to be about giving impact the field operations
advocacy strategy on debt cancella- panel included Treasury Deputy
these countries the capabilities of member programs receiv-
tion, beginning with the publication of Assistant Secretary Bobby Pittman
they need, the training, the infra- ing USAID funding.
a policy brief, Overcoming and Dr. Geoff Lamb Vice President
structure to take over more and CDPP’s efforts, including
Unsustainable Debt in Developing
more responsibility themselves. through the work of the
Countries. The brief called on the
Randall Tobias, the US Global USAID Management
U.S. to ensure that all heavily indebt-
AIDS Coordinator, acknowledg- Reform Working Group,
ing the long term challenges of ed poor countries are eligible for 100
the HIV/AIDS pandemic — and focused on the nuts and
implicitly the development percent multilateral debt cancellation.
approach — during a 2005
bolts issues of development
A series of meetings and communica-
visit to Rwanda with First Lady assistance as carried out by
Laura Bush. tions were held with the White
USAID and its partners in
House’s National Security Council
countries abroad, including contract-
and the U.S. Treasury to outline
ing regulations and procedures.
InterAction’s position.
• New policy shifts, for example,
• In preparation for the G-8 Summit,
include USAID’s plans to develop
InterAction organized separate meet-
branding and marketing policies for
ings with InterAction President Dr.
programs and activities implemented
Mohammad Akhter and a delegation
by InterAction member organizations.
of five members, and the White
Other emerging issues involve the
House Sherpa team (government
funding of USAID partners such as
point persons for the G-8 meeting)
the proportion of work being under-
10 D E V E L O P M E N T

for the World Bank’s Concessional country-action plans for collaborative PVOs and African NGOs InterAction’s leadership on debt
Finance and Global Partnership. A work on issues of common interest. manage their working rela- cancellation prior to the G-8
congressional staff briefing on the InterAction is supporting the imple- tionship based on the Summit helped set the table for
implications of debt cancellation was mentation of these programs through principles of equitable and NGO input on this critical issue.
held on Capitol Hill, just prior to the technical and financial support. effective partnerships. PAT The debt cancellation package
G-8 Summit. is being promoted with that came out of the summit pro-
• Hosted 22 leaders from African
ALPI NGO partners and is vided much needed relief for the
Worked to Improve Effectiveness of NGOs, U.S. PVOs, and USAID
available for free access to world’s poorest nations. It freed
U.S. Assistance to Africa missions from Ghana, Kenya,
all InterAction members. up resources that could then help
The Africa Liaison Program Initiative Madagascar, Mali, Senegal, Tanzania,
their people struggling to survive.
(ALPI) is a tripartite effort among and the Gambia to attend its annual • Promoted NGO-business
David Beckmann, President
African NGOs, U.S. PVOs, and USAID Washington Week and InterAction collaboration in ALPI of Bread for the World

to improve the effectiveness of U.S. Forum in May/June 2005. During that countries as a way to raise
assistance to Africa. At the country visit, InterAction facilitated several additional resources for development
level, the three stakeholders come meetings with representatives from work, join forces with the national
together for dialogue and collaborative USAID, the Millennium Challenge African private sector to fight poverty,
work through a country team made up Corporation (MCC), U.S. improve the policy environment for
of representatives from U.S. PVOs, the Congressional staff, and roundtable economic development as a means to
USAID mission, and African NGOs. discussions with U.S. PVOs represen- reduce poverty, and improve relation-
In 2005, the ALPI: tatives from Africare, Catholic Relief ships between NGOs and the business
Services, and Bread for the World. community in Africa.
• Facilitated the formation of ALPI
country teams in Ghana, Kenya, Mali, • Developed a partnership assessment Engaged and Influenced the
and Senegal and developed individual and monitoring tool (PAT) to help U.S. Millennium Challenge Account (MCA)
• The MCA Working Group has contin-
ued its active engagement with the
MCA. Three themes — poverty
reduction, country ownership and civil
society participation, and gender inte-
gration — emerged as central to the
working group’s activities and interac-
tions with the Millennium Challenge
Corporation (MCC), the government
body managing the MCA.

• The working group gathered and
shared information from several MCA
eligible countries on the compact
D E V E L O P M E N T 11

development process (A compact is work on trade; and to
the MCA recipient-country’s develop- raise InterAction’s public
ment plan). Working group members profile in this area. The
met with MCC staff and raised key program held several spe-
issues with MCC civil society board cialized briefings and
members Ken Hackett and Christie strategy sessions to
Todd Whitman, and congressional explore priority issues fur-
staff, who asked specific questions ther and begin charting
about the issues of concern when they specific action plans.
visited MCA countries and spoke with
• Educational events were
MCC staff.
held to raise awareness
• As a result of the working group’s and the level of debate on
advocacy, the MCC issued detailed priority issues, such as aid
guidelines for civil society consulta- for trade, as well as to
tions in April 2005. The MCC also provide staff development
hired a gender expert to help integrate opportunities for mem-
gender into the pre-compact analysis bers. Two seminars were
and during compact implementation. co-hosted with other
NGOs and the World
Helped to Shape Trade Policies Bank at its Fall Annual
• InterAction’s Trade Program was Meeting on trade and its
launched in 2005. Some three dozen connection to debt and
members are active in the Trade loan conditionalities; and
Working Group, which is organized age a pro-poor, pro-development
on the challenge of meeting human
into three issue areas prioritized by approach and to move forward recom-
rights concerns in agricultural trade
members: aid for trade; agriculture negotiations and Bank lending. mendations put forth in InterAction’s
and rural development; and access to Policy in Focus report on trade capaci-
• The 6th Ministerial Meeting of the ty building assistance. Additionally,
essential services (particularly water
World Trade Organization was the InterAction co-led workshops at the
and medicine). The first year objec-
focus of InterAction and its members’ ministerial meeting on “Aid for
tives of this new program were to:
work on trade during the year. Trade” and “Popular Pedagogy for
build an effective working group; edu-
InterAction staff met with high-level Trade Advocacy.”
cate and encourage more members to
Administration officials in the lead-up
to the Hong Kong meeting to encour-
12 E Q U A L O P P O R T U N I T Y

Gender and Diversity
Accelerating Poverty Reduction by Tapping the Power
of Equal Opportunity for Women and Men

In 2005, the Gender and Diversity
unit produced cutting-edge resources
and offered technical support to work
towards building a more inclusive
staff and board and effective pro-
grams overseas.
The Gender and Diversity unit houses
InterAction’s Commission on the
Advancement of Women (CAW) and the
Diversity Initiative. The CAW, created in
1992 by InterAction’s Board, is mandat-
ed to promote gender equality in the
policy and practice of InterAction mem-
ber organizations. In 2005, the Gender and Diversity impact of innovative gender main-
Formed in 2002, the Diversity Unit with InterAction members: streaming strategies of five
It is our responsibility to present
Initiative encourages and assists mem- NGOs in four African
Published Key Resources to Promote the powerful diversity of this coun-
ber organizations to take effective countries: Ghana-World
Gender Equality and Diversity try. InterAction’s Diversity
action to increase the representation of Vision; Kenya-Catholic
• Developed Revealing the Power of Recruitment Resource Guide
people of color on their staffs and Relief Services and
Gender Mainstreaming, a study high- shows you how to get started and
boards, as well as to adopt inclusive Lutheran World Relief;
lighting the profound links between every development professional
policies and practices that will enable Niger-CARE; and
gender equality and poverty allevia- should have one handy.
them to reap the full benefits of a multi- Zambia-Heifer Inter- Lelei LeLaulu, President & CEO,
cultural workforce. tion at the community level. The national. This Counterpart International
study examines the how-to’s and the

The most vulnerable in every crisis are women and children – this was also true of the survivors of the Pakistan earthquake.
InterAction members designed and implemented social and economic programs to meet the needs of women, children and other
marginalized groups, focusing on immediate needs and building self-sufficiency. They also worked with the Pakistani government to
pass a human trafficking bill.
E Q U A L O P P O R T U N I T Y 13

If you educate a woman, you groundbreaking study members, CAW produced this guide assessment and action planning process
educate the whole family, and reveals that a multitude of to assist our member’s ability to in their own organizations.
by extension the community economic and social bene- broaden recruitment by identifying
• Followed up with member organiza-
and the nation. fits for households and and hiring a more diverse pool of can-
tions that previously completed the
NGO Activist, Zambia communities emerged from didates. Nurturing a diverse
CAW’s Gender Audit Facilitator’s
gender mainstreaming, workforce is an integral aspect of cre-
Training Course. Plan International’s
Development to us is the change including greater agricultur- ating a strong organizational
13 country offices completed the
of agricultural yield, because now al yield, improved foundation. Drawing from diversity
Gender Audit training course in 2004.
we have more yield than before sanitation, improved health experts and the experiences of several
As a result of the training, Plan’s Latin
when we never used to have the and nutrition, and expanded member organizations, the guide pro-
America offices, which include
group training. We know that primary school enrollment, vides a step-by-step process on how to
Bolivia, Dominican Republic, El
there is no job of men and particularly for girls. The identify and retain a diverse work-
Salvador, Nicaragua, and Peru, will
women. All jobs are equal. findings also found that men force. This innovative guide is an
implement a region-wide audit. A
We can see development. moved from initial resist- invaluable resource to the InterAction
Gender Coordinator was hired for two
Man in Mashanga, Kenya ance to active support; community in its effort to find diverse
years to support countries in imple-
women and men divided and qualified candidates.
menting the Gender Audit and to
household and farm work more equi-
Offered Training and Technical advance gender equality in the region,
tably; an attitude of harmony and
Assistance to Bolster Organizational including capacity building of staff and
cooperation spread through house-
Gender Equality and Diversity partners. These countries also adapted
holds and communities; traditional
Plan’s Gender Equality Protocol and
practices such as early marriage for • Convened a Gender Audit training
conducted training on the Gender
girls and female genital mutilation course in Nairobi, Kenya for participants
Audit during a regional gender work-
declined in some communities; and from InterAction member organization,
shop. In 2006, the offices will either
women gained inheritance and prop- Pact, and participants from USAID’s
complete their gender audits or contin-
erty ownership rights. This seminal Rwanda and Tanzania missions. Seven
ue conducting the audit.
study, which shows how gender Pact field offices partici-
mainstreaming can be “a driving pated in the course and
force for development,” is an invalu- more than an estimated
able resource for development 550 international Pact
organizations on the journey toward staff will participate in
equitable development. the Gender Audit. The
CAW’s Gender Audit
• Produced the Diversity Recruitment
Facilitator’s Training
Resource Guide, which is an essential
Course enables partici-
tool for ensuring that InterAction
pants to carry out an
member organizations further their
organizational self-
diversity efforts. In response to a
growing demand from InterAction
14 E Q U A L O P P O R T U N I T Y

• Convened four Gender Audit work- developing an inclusive organization- Relief Committee, and U.S.
shops in three U.S. cities with over 60 al culture and integrating diversity Committee for UNDP.
organizations, accounting for 100 into organizations and programs.
• Offered a range of technical services
attendees, participating in the day- Organizations chart their own plan of
on diversity to InterAction members,
long workshop. The workshop activities and accumulate points for
including conference calls with
highlighted the steps of the Gender each activity. The number of points
experts on key issues, an online inter-
Audit and introduced the Gender members accumulate in reaching their
active community, and workshops on
Audit Facilitator’s Guide, an interac- diversity goals determines success on
utilizing the Diversity Recruitment
tive multimedia CD-ROM that trains the challenge. The inaugural group of
Resource Guide and recruiting and
users in the gender audit process. members includes AED, Africare,
retaining a diverse workforce.
American Friends Service
• Produced the “Diversity Challenge,”
Committee, Counterpart International,
an InterAction campaign seeking to
Mobility International USA, Save the
accelerate and guide progress on
Children, Christian Reformed World
C O M M U N I C A T I O N S U N I T 15

Creating Effective Tools to Engage and Inform
InterAction’s Communications unit icy and development staff to the G-8 Publications
experienced a very engaging year. Summit in Edinburgh, Scotland, Three months after the tsunami, the
where communications staff organized Communications and Humanitarian
Charged with media, marketing, mem-
media and advocacy events with Policy and Practice units produced a 90-
ber and community relations, as well
member organizations and other allies Day Tsunami Accountability Report,
as publication development; this in the fight against poverty.
department serves as the foundation of
• Garnered national and international
InterAction activities. We will continue
print and broadcast pieces through
to develop ongoing efforts to improve InterAction’s media outreach efforts.
support for and the understanding of InterAction senior staff were quoted in
international humanitarian, develop- numerous media outlets addressing
ment and relief programs. the tsunami and the G-8, as well as
the Pakistan earthquake, Hurricane
The Communications unit works
Katrina, avian flu, and public support
closely with our members and
for foreign assistance. Media outlets
InterAction staff to provide a forum for
featuring InterAction spokespersons
As a member of InterAction, skills development and
included National Public Radio, the
I value its mission and purpose. growth, and a platform for a
Chicago Tribune, CNN, Voice of
Thank you again for Foreign unified voice of member
America, Reuters, the Los Angeles
Assistance in Focus and for all advocacy and public rela- which tracked how our member organi-
Times, Minneapolis Star-Tribune,
the hard work that was put into tions efforts. zations were spending public donations.
New York Times, Washington Post,
its creation. Financial Times, Wall Street Journal, An updated One Year Tsunami
Benjamin K. Homan, President In 2005, the Accountability Report was released on
USA Today, Atlanta Journal-
& CEO, Food for the Hungry Communications unit:
Constitution, San Francisco Chronicle, the one-year anniversary of the disaster
• Traveled with InterAction President and the BBC. and received significant media attention.
and CEO Mohammad Akhter and pol-

Fundraising is a major part of disaster response. InterAction and its members were successful in engaging the mainstream media in
their relief and recovery efforts in the Pakistan region. Generating media attention provided the public with accurate coverage of the
crisis and resulted in much needed donations.
16 C O M M U N I C A T I O N S U N I T

Monday Developments
An improved look for InterAction’s
flagship publication, Monday
Developments, features new graphic
elements, interactive features and
timely content.

Foreign Assistance in Focus, a
striking collection of photographs illus-
trating effective assistance programs, is
a compilation of winners of the
InterAction Annual Effective Assistance
Photography Contest. This book, which
highlights the successes of effective
assistance, will be used to support the
goals of InterAction’s Global
Partnership for Effective Assistance
campaign and to heighten awareness
about the benefits of development and Enhanced searches and improved nav- “These pictures [featured in
humanitarian assistance. igation are just a few of the new features Foreign Assistance in Focus]
In addition to spectacular photo- to our website. Visits to our website have obviously capture the spirit and
graphs, this beautiful 120-page book significantly increased, with almost a substance of what our member
contains firsthand accounts from the million visits to our site in the months agencies are accomplishing,
photographers describing how they cap- after Hurricane Katrina and the Pakistan and the people they serve.”
tured their award-winning shots. earthquake. A key resource to the William S. Reese, President
media, donors, policy-makers, and the & CEO, International
Youth Foundation
public, we are constantly exploring new
ways to provide a user-friendly website.
“You are setting a very high
bar for effectiveness and
membership service.”
Kevin F. F Quigley,
President, National Peace
Corps Association
S T A N D A R D S A N D A C C O U N T A B I L I T Y 17

Standards and Accountability
Maintaining High Standards and Accountability
in Humanitarian and Development Assistance

2005 was an important year for Consequently, InterAction finds compliance by their child sponsorship
InterAction’s work on standards and itself in the forefront of both demon- programs with the PVO Standards.
strating leadership and taking
accountability, marking the culmination Reported in a front-page article in the
responsibility for testing various mod-
of two important pilot projects and Wall Street Journal (Mar. 9, 2005),
els of accountability, transparency and
their evolution as ongoing systems this comprehensive process includes
results reporting that can help inform
site visits, both at these agencies’
for verifying compliance with its members as well as the broader
respective U.S. headquarters and at a
InterAction’s PVO Standards. NGO community in the United States
sampling of field offices in other
and internationally. Indeed, as a result
This certification means World As one of the few stan- countries. Periodic surveillance audits
of its ongoing work, InterAction is
Vision’s child sponsorship pro- dards-based networks of will verify ongoing compliance. The
increasingly called upon to advise and
grams meet or exceed rigorous NGOs, InterAction members external audits have been accredited
discuss its work on standards-setting
criteria for excellence. While the stand apart from other non- by Social Accountability International
and pilot initiatives on accountability.
process has been lengthy, the ulti- governmental organizations, (SAI), a multistakeholder organization
In 2005, the Membership and
mate benefit to children in the most of which do not adhere best known for its oversight of train-
Standards Unit:
developing world — now and in to any form of standards or ing and certification to the SA8000
the future — has been well worth compliance regulation. Completed the Child Sponsorship labor standard around the world. The
the wait. Having established and Certification Process actual PVO Standards certification
Richard E. Stearns, President of adopted the PVO Standards • A sub-group of five InterAction mem- audits were conducted by Cal Safety
World Vision US.
in 1992, InterAction members bers that operate child sponsorship Compliance Corporation of Los
value the concept of standards programs — World Vision, Plan Angeles and Intertek, Testing Services
This certification is further evi- and accountability and collec- International-USA/Childreach, of New Jersey, which are part of
dence that our programs are tively recognize the need to Christian Children’s Fund, Children SAI’s international accredited auditing
helping poor communities around strengthen InterAction’s his- International and Save the Children — pool. This cutting-edge process is
the world bring lasting change to toric membership requirement completed a five-year pilot project, uti- believed to be the first accredited cer-
children in need. of unstructured annual lizing a private, independent accrediting tification of compliance to a set of
Charles MacCormack, President
and CEO of Save the Children. self-certification to the agency to manage a program for exter-
PVO Standards. nal, third-party certification of

InterAction members are held to high standards of transparency and accountability. In-kind and financial donations were appropri-
ately used in all aspects of the recovery and relief process.
18 S T A N D A R D S A N D A C C O U N T A B I L I T Y

standards by a group of international
NGOs. All five agencies were certi- InterAction was pleased to welcome the following
fied on July 18, 2005. organizations as new members in 2005:
Established Collective ActionAid International USA
Learning Practices Center for Health and Gender Equity (CHANGE)
• Among the most important bi-prod- Equal Access
ucts of the child sponsorship Friends of the World Food Program
certification pilot project are the insti- Global Operations and Development / Giving Children Hope
tutional learning and the community Heartland Alliance
of practice that was established among International Social Service - United States of American Branch, Inc.
the five agencies. Each agency found Mental Disability Rights International
that the learning that resulted from the NetAid
required self-studies that preceded the Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation
audits, as well as the observations
from the audit teams about their pro- February 2004 called “Self- At a February 2005 debriefing meet-
grams, trumped any benefit that may Certification Plus” (SCP). This ing among the agencies that
result from public knowledge of their learning initiative was completed Self-Certification Plus in
third party certification. The process developed to assist with and create a 2004, participants reported that while
of gathering the evidence of compli- more rigorous and uniform way for the effort requires an immediate
ance for each standard, led to InterAction members to annually self- investment of time, the By creating a powerful means for
important self-assessments that have assess their compliance with the PVO process was helpful in organizations to credibly self-reg-
fostered ongoing internal dialogue
Standards. More than organizing documents and ulate according to a valid set of
among their staff and boards about the
40 agencies completed files that will improve standards, I believe the
PVO Standards and the way each
SCP in 2005. internal organization over InterAction membership are trail-
agency monitors the effectiveness of
In brief, the certification manual the long term. The blazers in voluntarily setting high
their programs.
developed by the child sponsorship process also prompted a global standards of accountabili-
Launched Self-Certification-Plus (SCP) agencies was edited to serve exclu- dialogue and discussion ty. This will hopefully reduce the
sively as a self-assessment tool. This among senior staff with need for most of us to have exter-
• Building on the child sponsorship cer-
pilot initiative experienced such suc- their boards about the nal regulators enter into this
tification project, InterAction launched
cess that the InterAction Board of internal procedures that arena. InterAction’s pioneering
another standards compliance pilot in
Directors passed a resolution on led many agencies to draft leadership and persistent commit-
March 10, 2005, mandating that all and adopt new policies to ment to improving the standards
member agencies self-certify their strengthen their overall of the sector is paying off and we
compliance with the PVO Standards management systems. are all better served and protect-
using the SCP guidelines, beginning ed as a result.
in 2006. Sarah Newhall, President
P U B L I C P O L I C Y 19

Public Policy
Advocating on U.S. Policy
2005 was a year of campaigns, where Campaigned to Make Poverty History Worked with Congress to increase
public policy and grassroots mobiliza- • Championed global and national cam- support for effective international
paigns to achieve the Millennium assistance through testimony, briefings,
tion came together worldwide to push
Development Goals, including the ONE and lobby visits
world leaders to do more on behalf of
Campaign and the Global Call to Action • In coordination with the
the world’s poor. InterAction was in
Against Poverty, among our member Humanitarian Policy and Practice
the center of the activities through
organizations. Through the Outreach Unit (HPPU), organized staff level
its work with the Public Policy and Communications Working Group, briefings on tsunami relief and recon-
Committee and the Outreach and the Public Policy unit mobilized struction efforts with the House
Communications Working Group. InterAction members for advocacy International Relations Committee,
related to the G-8 Summit, the U.N. Senate Foreign Relations Committee,
The Public Policy Committee (PPC)
World Summit, and the World Trade and the House Foreign Operations
aims to educate policymakers, opinion
Organization Ministerial meeting. Subcommittee. In addition, the unit
leaders, and the public on international
also informed all House and Senate
development and humanitarian pro- • Led on-going advocacy for higher
staff on InterAction members’
grams and policies. The committee funding levels for the seven core
responses to the tsunami crisis,
works to coordinate member organiza- development and humanitarian assis-
including the testimony of the
tions to more effectively influence tance accounts and full funding for the
InterAction CEO before the Senate
policies and appropriations through Millennium Challenge Account and
Foreign Relations Committee.
advocacy and outreach to Congress and HIV/AIDS initiatives. The advocacy
the administration, and increasingly to efforts included lobby visits with con- • Worked with key committees within
the general public. The Committee’s gressional budget committee and InterAction and congressional allies
principle aim is the realization of the appropriations committee members; on areas of concern to the entire
objectives set out in InterAction’s advo- grassroots actions; and letters to relief and development community,
cacy campaign, The Global Partnership House and Senate appropriators iden- including issues of humanitarian
for Effective Assistance. tifying InterAction concerns and space and the reform of U.S. foreign
In 2005, the Public Policy unit and its priorities signed by 111 InterAction assistance structures. The Public
committee members: member CEOs. Policy Unit launched InterAction’s


InterAction continues to work with policy-makers on adequate resources for survivors of major disasters. Humanitarian and develop-

ment organizations coordinated meetings with U.S. government officials and allies to secure $650 million for Pakistan reconstruction.
20 P U B L I C P O L I C Y

Taskforce on U.S. Foreign Assistance introducing InterAction and its mem- Cultural Affairs and sever- The Outreach and
Reform in December 2005, which bership. Conducted congressional al refugee agencies to Communications Working Group
has become an information hub for briefings on the FY 2006 International organize a series of small represents a great leap forward
InterAction members and the locus of Affairs Budget Request; and debt can- group meetings on issues for our community as it helps our
policy and press strategies related to cellation, the G-8 Summit, and its facing refugees resettled in organizations bring together those
a series of reforms announced by implications for Congress, in coordi- the U.S., culminating in a who work on either communica-
the administration. nation with InterAction’s Committee townhall meeting on the tions or outreach and helps us to
on Development Policy campus of Arizona State work more collaboratively on a
• Visited all 535 congressional offices
and Practice. University. The next town- variety of issues both internally
and key committees to distribute
hall meeting on the impact and externally as a broad
materials on InterAction’s 2005 • As part of the InterAction 2005
of avian flu and the impor- InterAction community.
Global Partnership for Effective Forum’s focus on the Millennium
tance of building local Laura Henderson, Director of
Assistance campaign including a letter Development Goals, the Public Christian Children’s Fund’s
health capacity in develop- Washington Office.
Policy Unit organized
ing countries took place in
an Advocacy Day
December in Miami, featuring
with approximately
Barbara Wallace of CARE, Stephan
100 participants
Monroe of the Centers for Disease
and distributed
Control, and Gordon Dickinson of the
InterAction’s newly-
University of Miami Medical School.
produced Millennium
Development Goals • Expanded an Outreach and
fact sheet and “Eight Communications Working Group that
Ways to Change the now includes representatives from
World” gift cards to over 120 member organizations. In
members of Congress. addition to regular advocacy trainings
and coordinating mobilizations around
Reached New key events, the working group pro-
Audiences and duced a geographic breakdown of
Mobilized Members InterAction members’ collective
• Organized two town- strength and capacity for grassroots
hall meetings to raise mobilization by mapping the offices,
awareness and support networks and grassroots field organiz-
among the U.S. public ers of InterAction members by state.
for humanitarian and
development assis-
tance. In February,
InterAction partnered
with the Institute of
C L O S I N G 21

… The joy of seeing pleasant faces, armed with blankets, food and water is truly indescribable. InterAction members bring

more than tangible resources to the communities they work in. They bring comfort to children, they lessen the anxiety of the

infirm and elderly, they encourage and support the local medical personnel, and they bring hope to a vulnerable communi-

ty. My story continues to improve and grow with each passing day. We now have the basic necessities and the support we

need, as we start the arduous task of building back our lives and our communities.


InterAction members have had an unprecedented year of natural disasters, in addition to ongoing efforts in regions of man-made

crises. 2005 started with InterAction members completing relief and recovery programs and starting multi-year reconstruction of

physical and social infrastructure in tsunami-affected regions. The year also brought other disasters such as Hurricane Stan and the

Pakistan Earthquake and home-based Hurricane Katrina, which strained humanitarian and development organizations’ resources

and manpower. However, due to the incredible outpouring of support from the American public and dedicated staff, they continue

to provide relief services, manage reconstruction processes and advocate on behalf of victims. When news cameras move on to the

next story and the public image fades, humanitarian aid workers can still be found in these devastated regions – teaching, building,

and sharing.
22 M E M B E R S

InterAction Member Organizations
Academy for Educational Development American Jewish Joint Bread for the World Institute
Distribution Committee
ACDI/VOCA Brother’s Brother Foundation
American Jewish World Service
Action Against Hunger USA CARE
American Near East Refugee Aid
ActionAid International USA Catholic Medical Mission Board
American Red Cross International
Adventist Development and Relief Services (ARC) Catholic Relief Services
Agency International (ADRA)
American Refugee Committee Center for Health and
African Medical & Research Foundation Gender Equity (CHANGE)
AME-SADA Center for International Health
America’s Development Foundation (ADF) and Cooperation (CIHC)
Amigos de las Américas Centre for Development and
Aga Khan Foundation USA Population Activities (CEDPA)
Ananda Marga Universal Relief Team
Aid to Artisans Children International
Baptist World Alliance
Air Serv International Christian Children’s Fund (CCF)
B’nai B’rith International
American Friends Service Committee Christian Reformed World Relief
Bread for the World Committee (CRWRC)
M E M B E R S 23

Church World Service Floresta Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society
Citizens Development Corps Food For The Hungry Heifer International
Citizens Network for Foreign Affairs Freedom From Hunger Helen Keller International
Communications Consortium Media Center Friends of Liberia Help The Afghan Children
Concern America Friends of the World Food Program Holt International Children’s Services
CONCERN Worldwide U.S., Inc. Gifts In Kind International The Hunger Project
Congressional Hunger Center Global Health Council IFES
Counterpart International Global Links INMED Partnerships for Children
Direct Relief International Global Operations & Development / Institute for Sustainable Communities
Giving Children Hope
Doctors of the World Institute of Cultural Affairs
Global Resource Services
Enersol Associates Interchurch Medical Assistance
Episcopal Relief & Development International Aid, Inc.
Habitat for Humanity International
Equal Access International Catholic Migration
Health Volunteers Overseas Commission (ICMC)
Ethiopian Community Development Council
Heart to Heart International International Center for
FINCA International Research on Women (ICRW)
Heartland Alliance
24 M E M B E R S

International Crisis Group (ICG) Jesuit Refugee Services USA National Peace Corps Association
International Institute of Rural Reconstruction Katalysis Bootstrap Fund Near East Foundation
International Medical Corps Korean American Sharing Movement NetAid
International Orthodox Latter-day Saint Charities Northwest Medical Teams
Christian Charities (IOCC)
Life for Relief and Development Operation USA
International Reading Association
Lutheran World Relief Opportunity International
International Relief & Development
MAP International Oxfam America
International Relief Teams
Medical Care Development Pact
International Rescue Committee (IRC)
Mental Disability Rights International Partners for Development
International Research and
Exchanges Board (IREX) Mercy Corps Partners of the Americas

International Social Service — United States Mercy USA for Aid and Development Pathfinder International
of America Branch, Inc Minnesota International Health Volunteers Physicians for Human Rights
International Women’s Health Coalition Mobility International USA Physicians For Peace
International Youth Foundation National Association of Social Workers Plan USA
Interplast National Council of Negro Women Planning Assistance
Intervida Foundation USA
M E M B E R S 25

Population Action International Support Group to Democracy World Concern
Population Communication Trickle Up Program World Conference of Religions for Peace
Population Connection Unitarian Universalist Service Committee World Education
Presbyterian Disaster Assistance United Methodist Committee on Relief World Emergency Relief
and Hunger Program
United Way International World Hope International
Project HOPE
USA for UNHCR World Learning
ProLiteracy Worldwide
U.S. Committee for Refugees World Rehabilitation Fund
Quixote Center/Quest for Peace and Immigrants
World Relief
Refugees International U.S. Committee for UNDP
World Resources Institute (WRI)
Relief International U.S. Fund for UNICEF
World Vision
RESULTS Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation
YMCA of the USA
Salvation Army World Service Office Winrock International
Save the Children Women for Women International
(AS OF 1/5/06)
SHARE Foundation Women’s EDGE
Solar Cookers International Women’s Environment and
Development Organization
Stop Hunger Now
26 F I N A N C I A L S

AS OF DECEMBER 31, 2005 AND 2004


2005 2004
Cash $ 324,066 $ 350,677
Investments 2,200,945 2,236,555
Accounts receivable 62,335 82,887
U.S. Government grants receivable 69,938 46,440
Prepaid expenses 47,949 60,913
Total current assets 2,705,233 2,777,472

Furniture and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization
of $67,446 and $59,015 for 2005 and 2004, respectively 25,103 11,837

Security deposits 18,694 18,694
TOTAL ASSETS $2,749,030 $2,808,003


Accounts payable $ 13,000 $ 20,598
Accrued employee benefits 351,572 335,963
Deferred membership dues - 94,172
Total current liabilities 364,572 450,733

Unrestricted 1,958,900 1,651,140
Temporarily restricted 425,558 706,130
Total net assets 2,384,458 2,357,270
F I N A N C I A L S 27


2005 2004
Temporarily Temporarily
Unrestricted Restricted Total Unrestricted Restricted Total
Grants from U.S. Government $1,414,775 $ - $1,414,775 $1,409,228 $ - $1,409,228
Foundation awards - 1,324,662 1,324,662 - 1,440,553 1,440,553
Member contributions 218,866 - 218,866 189,062 - 189,062
Membership dues 1,601,125 - 1,601,125 1,402,019 - 1,402,019
Publications 304,390 - 304,390 314,924 - 314,924
Forum, meetings and workshops 167,645 - 167,645 138,877 - 138,877
Interest and investment income 85,316 129 85,445 36,346 289 36,635
Other income 14,681 - 14,681 12,979 - 12,979
Net assets released from restrictions 1,605,363 (1,605,363) - 1,781,180 (1,781,180) -
Total revenue 5,412,161 (280,572) 5,131,589 5,284,615 (340,338) 4,944,277

Program ser vices:
Member Services 1,100,235 - 1,100,235 1,079,709 - 1,079,709
Federal and NonFederal Awards 3,020,138 - 3,020,138 3,190,408 - 3,190,408
Legislative Activities 173,487 - 173,487 168,306 - 168,306
Total program services 4,293,860 - 4,293,860 4,438,423 - 4,438,423

Supporting ser vices:
General and Administrative 753,319 - 753,319 681,956 - 681,956
Fundraising 78,349 - 78,349 54,918 - 54,918
Total supporting services 831,668 - 831,668 736,874 - 736,874
Total expenses 5,125,528 - 5,125,528 5,175,297 - 5,175,297
Changes in net assets before other item 286,633 (280,572) 6,061 109,318 (340,338) (231,020)

Unrealized gain on investments 21,127 - 21,127 34,652 - 34,652
Changes in net assets 307,760 (280,572) 27,188 143,970 (340,338) (196,368)
Net assets at beginning of year 1,651,140 706,130 2,357,270 1,507,170 1,046,468 2,553,638
NET ASSETS AT END OF YEAR $1,958,900 $425,558 $2,384,458 $1,651,140 $ 706,130 $2,357,270
28 F I N A N C I A L S

Office of the President
Mohammad N. Akhter, M.D.,M.P.H. .........President & CEO
Margo J. Thombs ....................................Special Assistant to the President
Cynthia Jacobs Carter .............................Director of Development
Langan Jane Courtney .............................Executive Assistant to the President

Membership and Standards
Kenneth J. Giunta....................................Director
Cassandra Kennedy ................................Senior Program Associate
Beth Newman .........................................Special Projects Associate

Public Policy
Todd D. Shelton.......................................Director
Erin Tunney .............................................Senior Legislative Associate
Jennifer Kurz...........................................Associate for Outreach & Mobilization

Nasserie Carew ......................................Director
Nicole Foley............................................Website & Graphics Manager
Julie F. Montgomery.................................Publications Manager
Joshua M. Kearns....................................Communication Associate
Robyn Shepherd......................................Media Specialist

Finance and Administration The generosity and support from
Rishi R. Bhatia.........................................CFO & Director of Administration
Devinder Jaitly ........................................Accountant the following organizations have
Karthi Luneburg ......................................Administrative Manager
Mariam Ehsanyar....................................Junior Accountant
allowed InterAction to carry out
Kimberly Darter.......................................Receptionist-Part Time its mission and assist in improv-
Allen Abtahi ...........................................MIS-Consultant
ing the lives of people around
Development Policy and Practice
the world.
Allen K. Jones .........................................Director
Leonid Sapozhnikov ................................Senior Program Associate, CDPP
Sylvain Browa .........................................Program Manager, ALPI Africa Bureau/USAID • Andrew W. Mellon
John Ruthrauff.........................................Program Manager, World Bank-Civil Society Initiative
Rebecca Cathcart ....................................Program Associate, ALPI Foundation • Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
Pamela Sparr ..........................................Program Manager, Trade Initiative
• Carnegie Corporation • Charles Steward Mott
Gender and Diversity Foundation • David and Lucile Packard
Suzanne Kindervatter ..............................Director Foundation • Ford Foundation • Office of Women
Dawn M. Cooper ....................................Diversity Manager
Thu Cao .................................................Senior Program Associate in Development/ Bureau of Economic Growth,
Agriculture and Trade/USAID • Office of Foreign
Humanitarian Policy and Practice
James K. Bishop ......................................Vice President & Director of HPP Disaster Assistance/USAID • Rockefeller Brothers
Linda Poteat ............................................Senior Program Manager Fund • United Nations Millennium Campaign •
Seth Nickinson ........................................Senior Program Associate
Elizabeth Bellardo ...................................Program Associate William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
Rebecca Semmes.....................................Program Associate, Migration and Refugee Affairs
Samuel Sherman .....................................Security Coordinator-Consultant
We acknowledge their support with
sincere appreciation.
w w w.interactio

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