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# CHAPTER 4: HEAT 2003

1. The diagram shows a process in which water is changed to steam

The heat absorbed during the process is called A specific heat capacity of vapour B specific heat capacity of liquid C latent heat of fusion D latent heat of vapourization 2. The graph shows the heating curve of a substance.

At which stage is the substance in a solid and liquid state at the same time A B C D 3. PQ QR RS ST

The rate of evaporation of water in a glass can be reduced by putting the glass A B C D in a closed room in a hot oven in an air-conditioned room under a rotating fan

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Themal equilibrium is reached when A B C D 5.4. temperature of P = temperature of Q mass of Q displaced = mass of P volume of Q displaced = volume of P specific heat capacity of P = specific heat capacity of Q The diagram shows an air bubble formed by a diver What is the volume of air bubble at Y if its volume at X is 6.0 cm3? Assume the atmospheric pressure is equivalent to 10 m of water.0 cm3 2 .4 cm3 4.8 cm3 7.5 cm3 10. The diagram shows a metal sphere P at 80o is immersed in a cooler liquid Q.0 cm3 15. A B C D E 2.

It is observed that M is hot faster than N. The diagram shows solid blocks M and N of equal mass. This observation is due to A B C D the temperature is lower at high regions the atmospheric pressure is lower at high regions the air is less damp at high regions the rate of heat lost is faster at high regions 8. although the same amount of energy is used. Which modification will increase the sensitivity of the thermometer? A B C D Using a longer capillary tube Using a glass stem with a ticker wall Using a bulb with a thicker wall Using a narrow bore of capillary tube 3 . which are being heated. This observation is due to the difference in A B C D 7.2004 6. melting point density specific heat capacity latent heat of fusion Water takes a shorter time to boil when heated at high regions than at low regions. The diagram shows a thermometer. The initial temperature of M and N is the same and heated by the same amount of energy.

Which expression determines the temperature of the air in the tyre after the journey? [Assume the volume of the tyre is constant] 2005 11. the air in a car tyre has a pressure of 128 kPa and a temperature of 27 oC . Why is it difficult to lift the lid when the rice is cold? 4 .9. Which liquid A. After the journey the air pressure in the tyre is 132 kPa. Before a long journey. can be used to make a liquid-in-glass thermometer to measure temperatures from -50oC to 50oC? Liquid A B C D Freezing point/ oC -115 -39 0 17 Boilling point/ oC 78 357 100 118 10. The diagram shows a bowl of hot rice which is covered with an airtight lid and left to cool. C and D. B.

L and M. At which stage is the substance in the liquid and gaseous state at the same time? A B C D 14. 5 . What happens to the boiling point when sugar is added to the water? A Increase B Decrease C Unchanged 13. The graph shows the heating curve of a substance. The initial temperatures of L and M are 50oC and 30oC respectively.A B C D Water vapour condenses on the lid The number of air molecules in the bowl has decreased The adhesive force between the water molecules and the lid is strong The air pressure inside the bowl is lower than the atmospheric pressure 12. In a laboratory water boils at 100oC. touching each other. PQ QR RS ST The diagram shows two copper blocks.

Temperature of L is higher than M The quantity of heat in L is the same as in M Rate of change in temperature of L is bigger than that of M Net rate of heat flow between L and M is zero The diagram show four types of metal block of the same mass being heated using the same quantity of heat for 10 minutes. Which metal block shows the highest increase in the temperature? 6 .Which statement is correct when L and M are at thermal equilibrium? A B C D 15.

The graph shows the heating curve of a substance. B. Which of the phase labeled A. C or D. shows heat is absorbed during the melting process? 7 .2006 16.

17. More than 90oC Same as room temperature of 37 oC Less than 40 oC Between 40 oC and 90 oC The air temperature in a car tyre is 200 kPa at a temperature of 25 oC. Diagram 12 shows a metal sphere at temperature of 90oC immersed in a liquid at temperature of 40oC. What is the temperature of the metal sphere when thermal equilibrium is achieved between the sphere and the liquid? A B C D 19. Water is suitable to be used as a cooling agent because of its A B C D high density high heat capacity high latent heat high adhesive force between molecules 18. What is the air pressure in the tyre at a temperature of 37 oC? [Assume the volume of the air in the tyre in constant] A B C D E 135 kPa 190 kPa 192 kPa 208 kPa 296 kPa 8 .

B Heat loss by hot water is greater than heat gained by cold water. Diagram 11 Which of the following statement is correct if there are no heat losses to the surroundings? A Heat loss by hot water is less than heat gained by cold water.2007 20 Diagram 11 shows hot water being added to cold water. Diagram 12 9 . 21 What is the concept used in the measurement of human body temperature using a thermometer? A B C D Specific heat capacity Specific latent heat Thermal equilibrium Thermal convection 22 Diagram 12 is a graph which shows the heating curve of water. C Heat loss by hot water is equal to heat gain by cold water.

P and temperature. before and after being put into a basin of ice. T. Diagram 13 The above situation can be explained by A Boyle’s law B pressure law C Charles’s law 10 .What is the effect of the heat absorbed by the water between point S and point T? A B C D 23 It weakens the forces between the water molecules It breaks the bonds between the water molecules It increases the kinetic energy of the water molecules It strengthens the bonds between the water molecules Which of the following graphs shows the relationship between pressure. of a gas at constant volume? 24 Diagram 13 shows the condition of a plastic bottle which initially contains hot air.

Diagram 12.2008 25 Diagram 12.2 shows the final mixture. Why is water used as the cooling agent? A B C D Water evaporates easily Water is not corrosive Water has a high density Water can absorb a lot of heat 11 . Which statement is correct about the temperature of final mixture? A B C D It is lower than the temperature of the cold syrup It is lower than the temperature of the hot water It is higher than the temperature of the hot water It is the same as the temperature of the cold syrup 26 Water is used in cooling system in a car engine.1 shows hot water being poured into cold syrup.

27 Diagram 13 shows the cooling curve of a substance. At which stages are specific latent heat released? A B C D VW and XY WX and YZ VW and YZ WX and XY 28 Boyle’s law states that PV = constant. Which graph represents the equation? 12 .

Which statement is correct? A B C D The pressure of the gas is constant The molecules of the gas move further apart The kinetic energy of the gas molecules is constant The molecules of the gas move with higher velocity 13 .29 A fixed mass of gas in a container if fixed volume is heated.