Hampi (Kannada: ಹಂಪೆ Hampe) is a village in northern Karnataka state, India.

It is located within the ruins of Vijayanagara, the former capital of the Vijayanagara Empire. Predating the city of Vijayanagara, it continues to be an important religious centre, housing the Virupaksha Temple, as well as several other monuments belonging to the old city. The ruins are a UNESCO World Heritage Site, listed as the Group [1] of Monuments at Hampi.

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1 Etymology 2 History 3 Geography 4 Important sites at and near Hampi 5 Temples 6 Global Heritage Fund efforts 7 Hampi Gallery 8 Scenery 9 See also 10 Notes 11 References 12 External links

Etymology[edit source | editbeta]
Hampi (Kannada: Hampe) is a village in northern Karnataka state, India. It is located within the ruins of Vijayanagara, the former capital of the Vijayanagara Empire. Predating the city of Vijayanagara, it continues to be an important religious centre, housing the Virupaksha Temple, as well as several other monuments belonging to the old city. The ruins are a UNESCO World Heritage Site, listed as the Group of Monuments at Hampi.[1] The name is derived from Pampa, which is the old name of the Tungabhadra River on whose banks the city is built. The name "Hampi" is ananglicized version of the Kannada Hampe (derived from Pampa). Over the years, it has also been referred to as Vijayanagara and Virupakshapura (from Virupaksha, the patron deity of the Vijayanagara rulers).

History[edit source | editbeta]

bounded by the torrential Tungabhadra river on one side and surrounded by defensible hills on the other three sides. Hampi formed one of the core areas of the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire from 1336 to 1565. when it [1] was finally laid siege to by the Deccan Muslim confederacy. Hampi was chosen because of its strategic location. Hampi. The site is significant historically and architecturally.The Panorama view of Virupaksha Temple and Bazar from the Pavilion. The topography abounds with large stones which have been used to make statues of Hindu deities. The first historical settlements in Hampi date back to 1 CE. The Archaeological Survey of India continues to conduct excavations in the area.craved out of a single boulder at the Main Market. Stone Monolithic Nandi Bull Statue . to discover additional artifacts and temples. Geography[edit source | editbeta] .

Important sites at and near Hampi[edit source | editbeta] Vitthala temple with musical pillars. is the nearest railway head. in AP is some 150 km away. The annual Vijayanagar Festival is organized by the Government of Karnataka in November. Mantralayam. mining has been going on for many years now. Hampi . manganese). It is 353 km from Bangalore and 74 km away from Bellary. and tourism.Aerial view Zanana Enclosure Hampi is situated on the banks of the Tungabhadra river. Hosapete (Hospet).The principal industries of the village are agriculture. 13 km away. Due to the presence of several mineral deposits in this region (iron-ore. But a recent boom for the supply of iron-ore in the international market has led to increased levels of mining in this district. which is also on the banks of Tunghabhadra. the support of the Virupaksha temple and some other local holy places in the vicinity. Hoysala style multigonal base. The World Heritage Site at Hampi as well as the Tungabhadra Dam is now under threat.

Hampi  Kadalekalu Ganesha .Thungabhadra River in Hampi                      Hemakuta group of temples Achyutaraya Temple/Tiruvengalanatha Temple preksha temple and groups Anegondi Anjeyanadri Hill Aqueducts and Canals Archaeological Museum at Kamalapura Badava Linga Chandramauleshwar Temple The Kings’ balance The Underground Shiva Temple Tungabhadra River Uddana Veerabhadra temple Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Virupaksha Temple Vittala temple Yeduru Basavanna Yantrodharaka Anjaneya temple Zenana enclosure Virupapura Sasivekalu Ganesha Tall Craved pillars of the Sasivekalu Ganesha Temple at Hemakuta Hill.

Among the most notable are:  Malyavanta Raghunathaswamy temple was constructed in the anicent style of architecture. Apart from Shiva. the temple of Malyavanta Raghunathaswamy stands three km down the road. The temple has a 160-foot (49 m) high tower at its entrance. Vittala Temple Complex : This is perhaps the most famous and well-known among the ruins of Hampi.Monolithic Ganesha at the Hemakuta Hill. and restoration work is still in progress. the temple complex also contains shrines of the erotica statues Bhuvaneshwari and Pampa. Hampi Bazaar     Elephant stables Lotus temple Hazara Rama Temple Lake(Near sanapur) Temples[edit source | editbeta] Hampi has various notable Hindu with some vedanta mythology inside the temples. Its inner walls flaunt [2] peculiar and interesting motifs of fish and marine creatures. it is an ancient temple situated in the Hampi Bazaar. Krishna Temple Complex : This temple complex has been recently excavated through the last decade. It predates the founding of the Vijayanagar empire. Hazara Rama Temple Complex : This ruined temple complex is well known for elaborate frescoes from the Hindu religion and a sprawling courtyard well-laid with gardens. It has about 1000 carvings & inscriptions depicting the story of Ramayana. Virupaksha Temple known as the Pampapathi temple.     . some of which are still active places of worship. The iconic stone chariot in the vicinity of this temple complex is a symbol of Karnataka Tourism. It is well known for more than many thousand carvings & inscriptions on & in the temple depicting the mighty story of Ramayana.

Carved Stone Chariot at the Vittala temple complex in Hampi. thereby adding to the grandeur of the architecture. The British wanted to check the reason behind this wonder and so they had cut two pillars to check anything was there inside the pillars that was producing the sound. the Hall of carved Pillars at Hampi. Even today we can see those pillars cut by the British. The mandapas of vittala temple The temple houses the famous musical pillars. Karnataka Off late. floodlights have been installed in the temple complex that provide illumination at dusk. . They had found nothing but hollow pillars. Vittala Temple.

in partnership with the Hampi Foundation. The central hall has the composition of a look alike a temple with the display of Shivalinga. Cornell University. (Children up to 15 years free) Sculpture Gallery Fee 5/per : head in the Treasury Building Displayed in this museum are the pre and protohistoric antiquities. retrieved from excavations are also on display. The second gallery has in its display assorted antiquities like arms and armoury. Bhikshatanamurti. The fourth gallery has antiquities pertaining to prehistoric and protohistoric period. metal objects of religious utility and brass plates. [3] GHF's efforts have moved to "stabilization of the temple and its associated structural features. The temple contains the images of foreigners like Persians selling horses. Even today we can see the ruins of the market on both the sides of the road. In the display are the coins of Vijayanagara dynasty in various denominations of both gold and copper. Ganesha. The first gallery has in its display sculptures of the saiva faith consisting of Virabhadra.00 pm Friday Entrance Rs. and the State of Karnataka. Hampi (District Bellary. sherds of porcelain. Stucco figurines.Hampi Archaeological Museum. Mahishasuramardini. copper plate grants. Bhairava. medieval hero stones and sati stones. iron objects. narrative lime stone Buddhist panels of circa 2nd . Presently this museum has four galleries enclosing a model of Hampi valley with a corridor all around. Global Heritage Fund efforts[edit source | editbeta] Non-profit organization Global Heritage Fund (GHF). Dwaramantapa with a royal couple at front. To familiarize the visitors to the World Heritage site an information kiosk is also set up in the same gallery. After producing a master conservation plan for the site of Chandramouleshwara Temple. Nandi. The exhibits in this museum are manifold consisting of the elegant replicas of Krishnadevaraya most famed ruler of the Vijayanagara dynasty and his queens greeting the visitors at the entrance. In 1972 the antiquities were shifted to a present modern building at Kamalapur. Archaeological Survey of India established it’s first museum here. Shakti. Opening Closed Hours : on 10. has been actively involved in the conservation of Hampi's unique cultural heritage. Karnataka) The collection of sculptures architectural members from various locations of the ruins were made by British officers and housed earlier at elephant stables. Kartikeya with his consorts and Durga. This gallery prominently has in its display selected dia-positive of archaeological excavations conducted in the citadel by the Survey from 1976 to 1998.The road leading to the temple was once a market where the horses were traded." Museum .00 am – to 5.

Maha-Sati and hero stones also get their due share amidst the depictions. sculptures of Naga. exquisite schist stone sculptures of 12th century AD. Lakshmi. a hero attaining heavenly abode by Saula method of sacrifice draws our attention. Sculpture Gallery in the Guards House Displayed in this guards house against the back wall of the verandah are the sculptures of Ganesha. . Garuda. However the photo documentation of this glorious world heritage site done way back in 1856 by Alexander Green Law (1818-1873) in comparison with recent photographs gives an insight into the grandeur of the Vijayanagara monuments. Nandi-Vahana.century AD. Kalabhairava. Hanuman. metal objects. Saptamatrikas and Virabhadra as shaiva specimens. The pillar inscription referring to the palace. austere Jaina Tirthankaras from Parshwanatha Chaityala. Amidst the Hero stones and Maha-Sati stones depicted. In addition. The sculpture of goddess Bhuvaneshvari from the vicinity of the palace of Vira Harihara is one of the early Vijayanagara sculptures here. day to day utilitarian pottery with deluxe porcelain ware. elegant Shaiva and Vaishnava sculptures of Vijayanagara period. While some of the sculptures form the examples for various stages of making amongst the finished the sculptures of Ranfanatha and Kalabhairava attract the visitors for their detailed workmanship. Rangantha from the vaishanava sculpture manifestations. miniature figurines and a few selected stucco figures add to the display. Nagini.

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